PAVING WAY FOR AFRICAN UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY
SEPTEMBER 30, 2015
UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, CONFERENCE CENTRE, U.I. IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA.
RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE IN THE ATTAINMENT OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA,
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
There is no doubt that religion is one of the most divisive devices in human society. Its incisive appeal in the minds of man is appalling as it constitute a fault line upon which belligerents have based the rationale of their bestial acts. This paper titled: religious tolerance in the attainment of national integration and development seeks the socio-philosophical definition of the trio of religion, integration and development, as it explicates the potency of religion outreach through its history and typology.Built upon the conflict and functionalist theories on religion, the paper weighs both the integrative and disintegrative forces of religion in human society, which are examined under the smoke-screen religious tolerance. The paper also assesses the successive efforts of the Federal Government of Nigeria in ensuring national development through national integration, as it balances off with an inroad into the possibility of harnessing the power of religion for national integration and development using the benchmark of global success stories.
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT ACT: A FRAMEWORK FOR ETHICAL PRACTICE AND INTEGRITY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
ESAN, OLUSEGUN AKINTOMIDE, ADERIBIGBE WASIU YINKA, DANIEL, GBENGA IDACHABA
Building Department, The Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria
This paper reviewed what ethics, integrity and public procurement are, some methods of procurement used in Nigeria, factors affecting integrity of procurement as well as the provisions of Public the Public Procurement Act No. 14 of 2007 towards the achievement of ethical practices and integrity in public procurement process and a number of habits that constitute unethical practices in procurement process.
MOBILE CLOUD COMPUTING
*UMUKORO, A. A. *ELUGWU FELIX**ADJEKUKOR JOYCE (MRS) *OKORODUDU JOSEPH***ENOMATE, A. J.
*Computer Science Department, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria**Statistics Department, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria***Computer Engineering Department, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria
Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) has revolutionized the way in which mobile subscribers across the globe leverage services (such as on-demand self services, broad network access, resource pooling, and rapid elasticity etc) on the go. The mobile devices have evolved from mere devices that enabled voice calls only a few years back to smart devices that enable the user to access the internet anytime, anywhere. This paper work tells us how MCC integrates Cloud Computing into the mobile environment (by bringing new types of services and facilities for mobile users to take full advantages of Cloud Computing) and overcomes obstacles related to performance (e.g. battery life, storage, and bandwidth), environment (e.g. heterogeneity, scalability, availability) and security (e.g. reliability and privacy).
EFFECTS OF DRYING METHODS ON THE NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF TOMATO FRUITS (LYCOPERSICUM ESCULENTUM)
IBRAHIM, S. O., SANUSI, B. A., ADESINA, A. B. SALAUDEEN, S. AND ARIWOOLA, L .A
The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria
Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum) is one of the most widely consumed fresh vegetable and the fruit is called berry when ripe. It is an important component of daily diet consumed both fresh and in paste form. It is a nutritionally recognized vegetable fruit for its vitamin C content. Health wise, tomatoes have been used to cure a number of fatal ailments such as stomach cancer, heart attack and also helps in cleaning the body from toxic substances. Despite the huge benefits of this crop, it is perishable in nature. As a vegetable the storage life in fresh form is very short and there is plentiful supply of tomatoes to the market during the seasons leaving a very high percentage of products to deterioration due to inadequate preservation methods. It is therefore necessary to dry tomatoes as to preserve the quality and the shelf life. The varieties of tomatoes called Roma, Ife plum and Pear were used as study materials. The fruits were bought from Sango market, Saki, Oyo state. The criteria on the selection were purely based on visual observation in terms of cleanliness, foreign materials, and based on ecological distribution of the fruits. Two methods of drying were used, namely; sun drying and microwave drying methods. The instruments used during the research are rack, knife, bowl, microwave oven and cheese cloth. The experimental results in sun dried samples were between the range of 67.09-65.43 mg/100g and 50.96-55.04 mg/100g for lycopene content. It was 67.09-70.23mg/100g for ascorbic acid and 63.32 mg/100g for microwave dried samples.
MEASURING USER PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION FOR VARIOUS SERVICES IN MANGAL PLAZA OF KADUNA METROPOLIS
ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU, GRACE SAMUEL AMBA, HARUNA ADAMU AND IBRAHIM MUSA SINGHRY
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This research would be the first to evaluate and measure user perception and satisfaction for various services in Mangal plaza of Kaduna metropolis with a view to enhancing user’s satisfaction of the building. There has been scarcity of literature on this very important aspect of real estate profession. Most of the previous studies focussed their attention on evaluating users’ satisfaction on libraries, hostels, rented accommodations and the likes. Based on the existing gap in the literature, the study attempts to explore on the satisfaction and perception of occupants of shopping mall with particular reference to Mangal plaza in Kaduna city. Both stratified and simple random techniques were incorporated in order to arrive at the sample needed for the study. Out of one hundred and seventy eight (178) respondents identified as the sample size and eventually administered with the questionnaire, one hundred and sixty five (165) valid responses were retrieved. Based on the analysis of data obtained, it twas discovered that twenty six (26) performance criteria on the physical building, its design and construction are sufficient enough to allow generalization of the existing findings. It was also found that most of the respondents are satisfied with the services provided i n the building complex. It is therefore recommended that the shopping mall management should give their time in attending to complaints of tenants as it the only area that needs urgent intervention based on the responses gotten from the respondents
THE NEED FOR RICE HUSK BRIQUETTE AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF FUEL
MUSA A. JATTO.
Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
This study investigates the usefulness of rice husk as an alternative fuel for household energy. The effect on environment by agricultural waste is on increase and causing a lot of problem. Adequate means of disposing these waste are lacking, hence, converting them to other useful products such as briquettes for domestic fuel is desirable. Much attention is being focused on identifying suitable alternative and renewable energy sources, which can provide high-energy outputs, to replace fuel wood energy sources. The total energy stored in terrestrial biomass is not only enormous but is also highly available and renewable. Biomass if properly harnessed can form a substantial part of future energy sources which will reduce the pressures on the global energy crises. The type of biomass required is largely determined by the energy conversion process and the form in which the energy is required. This paper was given an overview of the different types of energy generation using biomass sources, focusing on the challenges and implications of rice husk for the Nigerian society.
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COWPEA MARKETING IN DONGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA.
*ALAM, M.K, **YUGUDA, M.R, *BASHIR, M. B, 1GWI, D.J. & *NAPHTALI, F.
*Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Taraba State College of Agriculture, P.M.B 1025 Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.**Department of Business Education, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria.
The study analyzed the economics of cowpea marketing in Donga Local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of cowpea marketers, estimate the costs and returns of cowpea marketing (retailing) and identify the constraints to cowpea marketing in the study area. Primary data were collected from 71 respondents using purposive and simple random sampling techniques and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Gross Margin Analysis. The results revealed that majority (91.55%) of the respondents were below 48 years of age and males (69.01%) predominated in the marketing of cowpea. The study also indicated that 67.61% of the respondents were married, and most (95.77%) were formally educated, 70.42% had more than six (6) years of marketing experience and most (57.75%) were traders. The findings on the costs and returns of cowpea marketing (retailing) shows that the gross income, gross margin net farm income and return in Naira invested/month were: N21,000, N5,680, N5,130, and N0.32k respectively. The constraints to cowpea marketing were identified as: high cost of transportation, inadequate funds, inadequate storage and processing facilities, fluctuation, inadequate market infrastructures and insecurity among others. Recommendations were made that, cowpea marketers should form or join cooperative to get financial supports from Government as well as access to credit facilities from financial institutions, government rehabilitate as well as constructs feeder-roads in the study area, this will help to check the high cost of transportation in the area. Also, government and NGOs should assist by providing basic market facilities such as: storage facilities, health facilities, communication, banking facilities, water supply, fire service and security services for effective marketing system in the study area.
DIRECTORIAL CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES ON THE NIGERIAN STAGE IN THE 21ST CENTURY
OGUNGBESAN, OLUSEYI ABIODUN
Department of Performing Arts, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
The Nigerian stage is an arena where human beings are presented in a cosmic totality, acting and reacting to forces around them and within them perceiving and being preceded by those interacting with them and by those in the audience who experience the enigma that is the common lot of humanity. It is not an ideal situation which is a very rare occurrence in the theatre where representations of what life should be is re-enacted. Since this ideal situations are not possible, the position of the director then becomes prerogative especially when his directorial styles and techniques are put into recognition for sustainable development on the Nigerian Stage in the 21st Century. As the Nigerian stage is inseparable from the Nigerian theatre so is there no stage without theatre. As play scripts differ, so also the concepts and techniques of each director. It is based on all these that this paper reviews the directorial concepts and techniques of directors on the Nigerian stage especially in the 21st century with the aim of comparing and analyzing their directorial skills and approaches. For the expression of the relationship between man, society and nature, the Nigerian theatre arose out of fundamental human needs in the dawn of human civilization and has continued to express those needs ever since, which is to say Nigerian theatre and drama originated with Nigerians themselves. Thus this paper further takes an insight into the future and prospects of the Nigerian director on the Nigerian stage.
IMPEDIMENTS TO AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN SUB – SAHARA AFRICA: A SURVEY
ALIU, AKINDELE ANIFOWOSE, OGUNODE, PHILIPS OLATUNDE OGAH, & VICTOR AROME
Department of Marketing, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado –Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
It is no longer a disputable fact that most nations within the sub – Sahara Africa Region tend to concentrate more on other sources of revenue generations at the expense of agriculture. As much as other sources of revenue contribute substantially to economic growth and poverty reduction, agriculture needs to be integrated as part of the transformation programme in the region. This study identifies major impediments to agricultural growth in Sub – Sahara Africa. The target population consists of 2,603 registered farmers in Ondo and Ekiti States of Nigeria. Convenience sampling techniques was used to sample 200 respondents which comprised of fish farmers, poultry farmers, bee keepers, cocoa farmers and vegetable farmers. Questionnaire and interviews were the instrument used to collect data. The study adopted the Regression technique to test the hypothesis while the analysis was done using SPSS. The multiple regression showed that R2 = 0.776 indicates that productivity enhancing inputs, low level of productivity enhancing technologies, international policies and poor national policies toward agriculture are jointly significant as having negative impact on the growth of agriculture in Sub-Sahara Africa. The model account for 77.6%. The study thus recommended that individuals, Corporate Institutions and Government should mobilize adequate resources to support the growth of agriculture in the region. Since agriculture has link with every facet of the economy, at least 40% of the annual budget in the region should be allocated to agricultural development.
LOADS ANALYSIS AND EFFECTS ON STRUCTURES [A CASE STUDY OF BUILDINGS]
ENGR. GANA A.J
Civil Engineering Department, College of Science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Buildings like other structures are usually designed to support loads without deforming excessively. The loads are the weights of people and objects. The weight of rain and show, and the pressure of wind usually called the live loads and the dead load of the Building itself. With the design of Buildings with a few floors strength generally accompanies sufficient stability of rigidity, and the design is usually that a roof will keep the weather out while spanning large open spaces. With the design of tall Buildings of many floors, the roof is a minor factor, and the support of the weight of the Building is the main consideration. Generally, Tall Buildings are usually subjected to catastrophic failures and collapse especially when loaded beyond limit. This paper analyzes loadings on Buildings and the adverse Effects of such Loadings on Building within the Nigeria context.
PERCEPTIONS OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARS TOWARDS POLIO VACCINATION IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE
SULEIMAN, MOHAMMED SA’EED
Department of Sociology, Federal University, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria
The polio infection is one of the diseases that poses a challenge to humanity. It has attracted serious attention among different groups. The issue of polio vaccination has been an issue of public debate among the Islamic scholars and Muslim parents on whether it is safe or not. It is observed that medical approach to polio vaccination has created serious controversy as well as doubt. Furthermore, it is publicly debated severally among Islamic scholars on whether polio vaccination is permissible in Islam. The controversy around polio vaccination among the Islamic scholars has created serious uncertainty among the Muslim parents as whether to accept or reject polio vaccine for their children which may hinder the eradication of polio disease in Nigeria. This study intends to find out the perception of the Islamic scholars towards polio vaccination in Kaduna metropolis. The method of data collection for this research work was questionnaire interview. Due to the nature and group of the target population, purposive and accidental sampling techniques were adopted to collect data from 130 respondents. The study utilized both quantitative and qualitative data. The frequencies of the quantitative data collected were collated using percentage distribution to analyze the data. This research work found that Islamic scholars in the Kaduna metropolis are highly aware of the existence of polio disease as well as polio vaccination and that vaccination is acceptable in Islam because Islam allowed every Muslim to seek for medication whenever he or she is sick. Islam equally permits preventive medicine. The findings of this study clearly indicate that majority of the Islamic scholars reject the notion of vaccinating the children with polio vaccine as result of doubt about its safety and people’s mistrust of the West. The study also discovered that most of the Islamic scholars are of the opinion that religious and traditional leaders need to be involved in all the processes of Polio Vaccination in order to give it more credibility and wider acceptability since they are major stakeholders in the polio vaccination. The study concluded by recommending that the issues of polio vaccination should be explained by experts or professionals in the best practices rather than manipulation in order to create more awareness on its safety. Government should be more persuasive to ensure acceptability of polio vaccination rather than using force on the masses to build public confidence and support. Scientifically sound and socially accepted methods of producing and administering polio vaccine should be advanced in order to give it credibility among the stakeholders. Nigerian government should endeavour to produce the polio vaccine in the country in order to build people’s confidence and acceptability of the vaccine. Proper care needs to be taken to assure the Islamic scholars as well as Muslim parents of the safety of polio vaccination in order to clear the doubt about its safety and public mistrust of the West.
PRO-POOR GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA
*ADEBAYO, M. & **OLAKUNLE M.K
Department of Local Government and Development Studies, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic Shaki, Oyo State, Nigeria**Department of Public Administration, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic Shaki, Oyo State, Nigeria
Economic growth is said to be pro-poor if the poverty measure adopted falls with increased growth rate. Poverty researchers have investigated this phenomenon mainly in the context of income poverty. The fact that poverty goes beyond income has received little attention. This study appreciates the multidimensional nature of poverty. It sees poverty I its non-income dimension. Highlights the concept of pro-poor growth, and also empirically analyzes if economic growth in Nigeria is or could be, pro-poor. In our empirical analysis a vector autoregressive model was formulated and estimated within an error correction framework. Within this framework, we have analyzed annual time series data to capture, quantitatively, the effects on human-capital poverty, while developing the other sectors of the economy reduced it. In the short-term, public capital expenditure on social services, including credit to the agricultural sector and agricultural development generally showed a potential to reduce poverty. Public capital expenditure on economic services, growth in the non-agricultural sector of the economy and increased urbanization intensified the incidence of human capital poverty. These results indicate that government expenditures on human capital development through the social services sector tend to reduce human-capital poverty. They underscore the desirability of adequate capital expenditures, education and health: and also suggest the need for enhancing the pace of rural transportation with a view to creating non-agricultural employment opportunities and minimize the rate of urban growth.