TAA Int’l Journal of Social Science Research and Anthropology Vol. 15 No. 6


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY (TIJSSRA)

VOL. 15 (6) NOVEMBER, 2023


PUBLISHER:

TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,

Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.

taapublications@gmail.com


 

ASSESSING SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT OF FREIGHT IN INTERMODAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

 

TEMITOPE PAUL BABARINDE1; OLUSEGUN ONIFADE ADEPOJU2; AND OGOLA DANIEL BEKESUOMOWEI3

1Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Sheffield Hallam University, 153, Arundei St. Sheffield City Centre, Sheffield S1 2NU United Kingdom. 2Department of Transport and Logistics Management, Faculty of Arts, Management and Social Sciences, Nigerian Army University, P.M.B 1500, Biu, Borno State, Nigeria. 3Department of Port Management, Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The movement of goods is crucial to the economic survival of any nation. It is the means by which goods are distributed for consumption, disposition and production. The problem with Nigerian supply chain management of goods is characterized by delay in delivery, bad roads, missing or damages resulting to claims and defective packaging. This paper identified challenges confronting freight movement in supply chain management and determined the delay causative factors in logistics of the selected transportation companies. Lagos State was chosen as one of the States in Nigeria with the presence of all modes of transportation. Four transportation companies out of seven with Plc. status viz: MPZ Haulge, Muahlb Ltd, STL Logistics, and Ajahi Logistics were selected because they have depots at each geopolitical zone in Nigeria. The composition of supply chain managers and warehouse supervisors and logistics manager were the targeted respondents. Of the 307 respondents of this targeted population, 275 (89.6%) responses were retrieved from systematic random sampling technique of the selected companies. Research instrument was designed through Google forms and collected data was analyzed with One-sample T-test. Secondly, delay causative factors were analyzed with descriptive bar chart. Results revealed the challenges confronting freight logistics and causative delay factors in supply chain management ranging from taxes on the road, civil unrest, documentation, surge in demand and sourcing for trucks. The research concluded with some recommendations for government and companies.

Keywords: Supply Chain Management, Freight, Transportation, Mode, Nigeria

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URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICE AND PASSENGERS’ SATISFACTION IN PORT-HARCOURT, NIGERIA

 

ABDULMALIK M. MUSTAPHA; TOCHI A. IKEANYIONWU; & YUSUF N. BABA1

1Department of Transport Management, I.B.B University Lapai. 2Center for Logistics and Transport Studies, University of Port Harcourt.

 

ABSTRACT

Urban public transport plays a vital role in connecting people to different locations. Quality transport service is a very vital element to be considered by transport companies to ensure passengers are satisfied with their services in order to attract more patronage.  Passengers thereby choose urban public transport services that fulfill their needs, provide high service quality and give high satisfaction to them. The centre of the empirical examination was to appraise the passenger satisfaction of urban public transport in Port Harcourt city, Rivers State, Nigeria. The study employed quasi-experimental design and questionnaire was used to extract data from passengers. The study selected six (6) routes zones from Port Harcourt city (Borokori-Lagos (A), Mothercat – Trans Amadi (B), Mile 3 – Mile 1 (C), Rumudara – Eneka (D), Rumuokwuta- Mgbuoba (E) and Rumuokoro-Rumuodumaya (F). 360 structured questionnaires were randomly administered to passengers commuting along the six (6) routes. The outcome indicated the manner of transport is moderately affordable, often available, moderately satisfied, reliable, moderately comfortable, and convenient but passengers feel unsafe towards the driving style and politeness in the behavior of both driver and/or conductor affects the passengers. The research outcome revealed that passenger satisfaction is a determinant of reliability, comfort, convenience, and safety but not dependent to cost and crime. Also choice of general mobility mode is based on comfort but not related to reliability, convenience, safety, cost, and crime. It was reason that passengers are satisfied with urban general mobility in the urban centre, and taxi is mainly favored means of general mobility because it’s affordable and neatness of the automobile determines the selection of such taxi.

Keywords: Customer, Passenger, Public, Satisfaction, Transport

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AFRICAN HISTORIES IN NOVELS: THE DEPICTION OF KENYAN AND TANZANIAN HISTORIES IN YVONNE ADHIAMBO’S DUST & ABDULRASAQ GURNAH’S AFTERLIVES

 

MICHAEL OLAMIDE OKEKUNLE; ESTHER IYANUOLUWA OGUNSAKIN; DAVID SESAN ADENIYI; & AJIBOLA TOLUWALOPE KUFONIYI

Department of English Studies, College of Humanities, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

This study delves into the intersection of African literature and history, with a focus on Yvonne Adhiambo Owuor’s Dust and Abdulrazak Gurnah’s Afterlives within the context of Kenyan and Tanzanian histories. The study explores the role of contemporary novels in portraying the complexities of Africa’s past, emphasizing literature as a lens for understanding and preserving history. The literature review highlights the multifaceted nature of African history, the evolution of African novels, and diverse theoretical frameworks. The conclusion discusses how Owuor and Gurnah’s works contribute rich depictions of African history, challenging stereotypes and offering nuanced perspectives. Overall, this research contributes to a deeper understanding of Africa’s complex and diverse history through the lens of literature.

Keywords: African, History, Humanities, Transnational, Kenyan, Tanzanian

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UTILIZATION OF PEACH JOURNALISM TENETS IN NEWSPAPER EDITORIALS ON THE GOVERNMENT AND ACADEMIC STAFF UNION OF UNIVERSITIES FACEOFF OF 2022

 

EMMANUEL O. U. IKPEGBU; AND SOLO-ANAETO MARGARET

1Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The conflict between the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) and the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) that lasted for eight months (February 14–October 17, 2022), crippled academic activities in Nigeria. Peace journalism demands that the press serve as mediators and conciliators to conflicts, while contributing to national development. Whether the dailies’ editorials employed the principles of peace journalism in reporting the FGN-ASUU faceoff was the focus of this study. Using the social responsibility media theory and qualitative content analysis with the van Djik’s Critical Discourse Analysis, 1,156 editions of Daily Trust, The Guardian, The Punch, and Vanguard newspapers were purposively selected and studied. There were 19 editorials on the FGN-ASUU faceoff. While most of the editorials applied the tenets of peace journalism, Vanguard took an exception, tilting more towards war journalism. It was recommended that newspapers should de-emphasize war journalism and focus more on the elements of peace journalism in editorials.

Keywords: ASUU, Editorial, Peace journalism, Social responsibility, Strike

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GENDER INEQUALITY AND CAREER PROGRESSION OF FEMALE BROADCAST JOURNALISTS IN NIGERIA

 

OMOLAYO OLUSOLA JEGEDE; & VICTORIA IBANGA; & MOYINOLUWA PRECIOUS AJAYI

Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

Gender inequality has become synonymous with media operations in the world. In spite of the fact that more women have entered the profession, they continue to face significant barriers to career progression and their number is not at par with their male counterparts. There is gender inequality in content, structures, and personnel in the media industry. This happens in spite of the fact that gender parity plays a vital role in determining the level of development of a country. It is in this regard, therefore, that this study sought to investigate the influence of gender inequality on the career progression of female broadcast journalists in Nigeria. The theoretical framework of the study was hinged on the Muted Group theory and The Role theory. The study utilized survey as methodology and questionnaire as an instrument for data collection. Thirty-seven female broadcast journalists in Nigeria representing four television stations (two-privately and two-government-owned) with a population of 66 female employees participated in the study. The findings of the study indicate that there was gender inequality in respect of the number of female broadcast journalists in relation to that of males in broadcast organisations in Nigeria. Furthermore, the findings reveal that the extent of career progression of female broadcast journalists was low (x̅=3.38); because those who did well on the job irrespective of gender did not stand a fair chance of being promoted ((x̅= 3.16) and that they were not on par with their peers in other professions in terms of achievements/salary/level (x̅= 3.08).

Keywords: Gender Inequality, Career Progression, Broadcast Media, Female Broadcast Journalists

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EFFECTS OF SOCIO- ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTCS ON DOMESTIC WATER DEMAND IN YELWA AREA OF BAUCHI METROPOLIS

 

SUNDAY THOMAS; UZOAMAKA OKOYE; NAFISAT ABDULRAHMAN LAWAL; & ZUBAIRU ABUBAKAR GHANI

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated effects of socio-economic characteristics on domestic water demand in Yelwa area of Bauchi metropolis. A random sampling technique was used for the study. Three hundred and sixty-five (365) copies of questionnaire were administered and used for collection of data in the study area. The study found out that majority of the respondents were male with 71% and also the study found out that 68% of the respondents are married which shows that there is a need for provision of more water farcicalities because they demand more water due to their large number. Again majority of people in the study area are Christians with 64% even though the Muslims that occupy 36% demands more water for spiritual cleansing that is ablutions. In terms of employment, majority of the population are employed in the public sector which shows that they demand more water than those not employed and the self-employed because of the increase in domestic activities. Those that live in room and parlor occupies large population with 46% and therefore demand more water because of their size and require more attention in term of provision of domestic water facilities.

Keywords: Domestic, Water, Demand, Characteristics, Socio-Economic

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FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A CASE FOR OKIGWE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA

 

*PASCHAL IGBOECHE, Ph.D; **RAYMOND NWAPI O.; & **UBAH CHUKWUDI NELSON, Ph.D

*Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. **Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

This work focused on factors militating against rural development in Nigeria: a case for Okigwe Local Government Area of Imo State. The researchers used the autonomous communities in Okigwe LGA, Imo State. The work was anchored on structural functional theory. Survey research design was used and questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using percentages. The findings revealed that there is significant impact neglect/political marginalization on rural development in Imo State; inadequate community participation has contributed to rural development in Imo State; and there is significant relationship between lack of basic amenities and rural development in Imo State. The study concludes that the government can improve the standard of living in the rural communities through rural development. It was recommended that the rural community people should be involved in making and implementing rural development policies. Also, both federal, state and local governments should effectively implement rural development projects.

Keywords: Rural Development, Autonomous Communities, Neglect/Political Marginalization, Inadequate Community Participation and Lack of Basic Amenities

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THE INDISPENSABLE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA: A STUDY OF DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA

 

*YUSUF ISMAIL IMAM; *ABDULKARIM USMAN; & **SADIQ IDRIS

*Department of General Studies Department, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi – Nigeria. **Department of Public Administration, School of Management Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Oyo__Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the indispensable role of mass media in sustaining Nigeria’s democracy. The role played by the mass media on sustaining Nigeria’s democracy cannot be over-emphasized democracy in Nigeria. The primary responsibilities of the mass media are to entertain, enlighten, and inform based on accurate facts and to educate on meaningful issues. All these can be sub-zoomed to sustenance of democracy in Nigeria. The paper briefly traced the origin of media, its major roles, issues of control and major challenges. Secondary and qualitative sources of data were used. Mass media is an indispensable element of democratic sustenance in Nigeria. It is however, greatly undermined by incessant government intervention in operations, non-adherence with laws and policies, amateur operatives, fake news, ethno-religious and geo-regional feelings, among others. The paper makes some recommendations as: extensive civil education, development of national values, stiff control on amateur media operations, stiff penalties fake news production and its spread.

Keywords: Democracy, Education, Mass Media, Nigeria, Sustenance

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COMPARATIVE STUDY ON INFORMATION NEEDS AND INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AMONG POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MODIBBO ADAMA UNIVERSITY, YOLA AND FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, WUKARI

 

ZAINAB MOHAMMED MUSTAPHA

Library Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State.

 

ABSTRACT

This study compared the information needs and information seeking behaviour among Postgraduate Students of Modibbo Adama University, Yola and Federal University, Wukari. The study was guided by five objectives, five research questions and two hypotheses. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population comprised 1974 Postgraduate Students in the two universities. Using Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) table for determining sample size, the sample size for this study was 322 and simple random sampling techniques was adopted in order to ensure that all members of the population had equal chances of been selected. The researcher used questionnaire for data collection which was designed using Google Form application and administered through WhatsApp platforms. The data generated from the research questions were analysed using mean and standard deviation, while, z-test was used to test the two null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study has established that the information needs and information seeking behaviour of Postgraduate Students in FUW was higher than those in MAUY. Furthermore, the study has found that Postgraduate Students’ level of searching skills in MAUY was slightly higher than those in FUW and the information sources of Postgraduate Students of FUW was higher those in MAUY. This study further revealed that the factors militating against information needs and information seeking behavior of Postgraduate Students in MAUY was higher than those in FUW. Hypotheses tested in the study had established that there are no significant differences in the opinions of Postgraduate Students’ information needs and information seeking behaviour of MAUY and FUW. The study recommended organising library orientation programmes, developing mechanisms that could facilitate easy retrieval of information, organising massive information literacy programmes, developing collections both in printed and electronic formats that are in consonance with the information needs of the Postgraduate Students as will galvanizing financial commitment to the university libraries by their university managements.

Keywords: Information Need, Information Seeking Behaviour, Postgraduate Students, Modibbo Adama, Federal, University, Yola, Wukari

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INVESTIGATING THE CAUSES OF SECURITY AND CRIME CHALLENGES ON INFORMATION RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA

 

DANJI-FARI YAHAYA

Library Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the causes of security and crime challenges on information in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern States, Nigeria. The study was guided by four objectives, four research questions and one hypothesis. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population comprised of all the ninety-seven (97) librarians working in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. Total enumeration was used, while questionnaire was used for data collection. Frequency counts, table, bar charts, pie chart and simple percentages were used for analysis demographic data of the respondents as well as data generated from the research questions. ANOVA was used to test the null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study has revealed that books, cartographic materials and CD ROMs facilities were highly vulnerable to security and crimes in the libraries and majority of information services were moderately affected by security and crimes challenges in the libraries. The types of security and crime challenges affecting information resources and services include theft and mutilation / defacement, non-return of borrowed books by the users, hiding books on the shelves among others. Moreover, this study found that the causes of security and crime challenges on information resources and services in the libraries studied include: inadequate porters, lack of security facilities like CCTV, alarm doors, smoke detector etc. The study found that these security and crime challenges had serious effects on the entire libraries. Recommendations were made to mitigate these challenges.

Keywords: Causes, Security, Crime, Information Resources, Services, Libraries

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LEADERSHIP SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT IN WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION: A CALL FOR INTERNAL COLLABORATION

 

LAWAL M.K

Department of Local Government Studies, The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki.

 

ABSTRACT

The paper aims at resolving conflict through the modicum support of West-African religious leaders. The paper discusses the conceptual analysis of the key concept, international dimension of conflict in West Africa, sub-regional dimension of conflict as well as initiation for conflict revolution and peace keeping. The study reveals that geographical and language differences impair the cooperation and development among the member countries in West African sub-religion. Therefore the paper concludes that African leaders should uphold and respect the treaty of West-Africa signed in Lagos on May 28, 1975 as an agreement by all member state.

Keywords: Political Leadership, Solidarity, Treaty, Conflict, Resolution, African

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SAFETY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON PROJECT PERFORMANCE

 

KENNETH-UGOCHUKWU IJEOMA BABY; UZOWIHE NGOZI IJEOMA (Ph.D); & MBAKWE AHAMEFULA UGOCHUKWU

Faculty of Management Sciences, Department of Management, Imo State University, Owerri.

 

ABSTRACT

The high alarming rate of industrial accidents in the construction industry has made the adoption of safety management practices strategic to improve the performance of projects. This study examined the effect of safety management practices on project performance. The major objectives include to; investigate how site-specific training program for workers and subcontractors affect project operating cost, examine the effect of pre-construction analysis of potential site safety hazards on project operating cost, examine the relationship between site-specific training program for workers and subcontractors and project delivery, and valuate how pre-construction analysis of potential site safety hazards relate with project delivery. To achieve the specific objectives, the descriptive survey design was used with a targeted population of 243 selected via both the simple random and purposeful random sampling techniques. Questionnaire and interview were the major instruments used for the study. Data collected were analyzed using frequencies and percentages tables. T-Test and Z-test Statistics were used in testing the hypotheses via SPSS. Findings revealed that site-specific training program for workers and subcontractors affect project operating cost and that pre-construction analysis of potential site safety hazards significantly affect project operating cost. Findings equally revealed a significant relationship between site-specific training program for workers and subcontractors and project delivery. Also, it was found that pre-construction analysis of potential site safety hazards has a significantly relationship with project delivery. The study recommended among others that there should be strong enforcement of Health and Safety practices by the relevant authorities. The enforcement should target fostering mechanisms to audit Health and Safety practices in the construction industry for continual improvements because employees are the greatest assets.

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HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA: UNDERSTANDING THE VICTIMS AND OFFENDERS

 

ASHIGAR A.K. SATOMI

Department of Language and Liberal Studies, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

Human trafficking is a serious problem in Nigeria, with women and children often being the primary victims. Understanding the dynamics and motivations behind both the victims and offenders is crucial for combating this issue effectively. Victims of human trafficking in Nigeria are often vulnerable individuals who are targeted due to their socioeconomic conditions, lack of education, and limited opportunities. Poverty is a major driving factor, as traffickers exploit the desperation of individuals and promise them better lives abroad. Victims may also be from broken families, have experienced abuse or neglect, or lack support systems, making them more susceptible to traffickers’ manipulation. Another significant factor contributing to human trafficking in Nigeria is the demand for cheap labor and the sex industry. Victims are lured under false pretenses, such as promises of legitimate employment or marriage opportunities, only to be coerced into forced labor or sexual exploitation.

Keywords: Trafficking, Victims, Offenders, Sexual Abuse

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FACTORS AFFECTING CRAFTSMEN PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA

 

KANU NNABUGWU E.; OKECHUKWU SOLOMON K.; & IZUEGBU UCHENNA C.

National Productivity Centre, Imo State Office Owerri.

 

ABSTRACT

Craftsmen productivity refers to the efficiency and output of skilled artisans and craftsmen in various trades. It is a measure of how effectively these individuals or small-scale workshops can create high quality, handcrafted goods. The productivity level of craftsmen in Nigeria is low and this paper attempts to discuss the implications or consequences of this low level of productivity on the craftsmen themselves and on the nation as a whole. The paper also looks at the different factors that can affect craftsmen productivity in Nigeria including skill and expertise, market demand, tools and equipment, materials, resources and so on. It also discusses the different types of craftsmanship in Nigeria which include pottery, weaving, bead making, wood carving etc., the significance of crafts and the many benefits of crafts in the Nigerian economy. The paper also highlights the relationship between some identified factors and how they affect the productivity of craftsmen. Recommendations were also made on how craftsmen can increase or enhance their productivity and the benefits they stand to gain when their productivity improves.

Keywords: Craftsman, Productivity, Craftsmen Productivity, Economy, Eco-Friendly, Craft Industry, Work Environment

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HUMAN SECURITY AND COVID-19: AN ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH SECURITY IN NIGERIA

 

*ABDULLAHI, YUSUF AGWAI; **MUHAMMAD, MUHAMMAD BATURE; & ***ALIYU, TALA SAFIYANU

*Department of Environmental Science and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Nasawara, Nasarawa State Nigeria. **Department of Political Science and Defence Studies, Nigeria Defence Academy, Kaduna – Nigeria. ***Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nasarawa State – Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly put more pressure on governments, people and countries of the world, including Nigeria. It has had destructive impacts on economy, human existence and food, as well as health well-being of individuals. The measures, such as lockdown, adopted to curtail the impacts of the pandemic has not only subjected the already vulnerable households to hunger, but also created health insecurity. The paper is an examination of COVID-19 pandemic effect on health security, with specific focus on access to health services and care. The paper is a qualitative study, which argued that most Nigerians, especially in the rural areas suffered poor access to rural medical care and services, and that those with ailments other than COVID-19 experienced some of form neglects or the other, since most health professionals are recruited to cater for the victims of COVID-19. This, therefore, underscore the improvement of human and capital infrastructures in both urban and rural centers.

Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, Security, Human security, Health Security

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THE DECEIT OF FOREIGN RELIGION OVER THE YORUBA RELIGION THROUGH THE LENS OF “AKÍNWÙMÍ ÌS̩Ò̩LÁ” SELECTED PLAYS

 

LASISI ISIAKA  ABIOLA

Department of Yorùbá, Federal College of Education Eha-Amufu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The primary objective of this paper is to revive the memory of the indigenous people of Africa, mostly Nigeria, on aspect of religion as becomes more relevant as the potential for losing the reality of the main stream of the historical account coming from European sources. The waning belief in the potency and efficacy of Yorùbá traditional practices is condemned and its superiority to the foreign religions is brought to the fore. To further prove the superiority of the Yorùbá traditional religion, the playwright posits that, for European religion to thrive, it has to rely on the traditional religion and those that profess to have taken to either of the foreign religions are actually hybrids because they openly profess the foreign religions but they are covert traditionalists. Therefore, the article reminds that African identity has been endangered by foreign religion; that there is a need to rethink our conceptualization as portrayed in Akinwumi Isola’s selected play. Finally, this paper examine the potency of power of òrìs̩à (gods) in oath taking over the foreign religions (Islam and Christian) as a means of curbing corruption which has seriously affected the African societies especially Nigeria.

Keywords: Religion, Yorùbá, Deceit, Foreign, Tradition

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AWAREWNESS OF COPYRIGHT LAWS AND INFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA

 

HAFIZ UMAR

Library and Information Science Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the awareness of copyright laws and extent of infringement of intellectual property in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. The study was guided by three objectives, three research questions and a hypothesis. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study and the population comprised of all the 92 Professional Librarians working in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria. Questionnaire was used as the data collection instrument. The data generated from the research questions was analysed using Mean and Standard Deviation, while, Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test the null-hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study revealed that Professional Librarians in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria were moderately aware of the copyright laws; this study found that Professional Librarians in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria infringed the copyright laws moderately. More so, the study revealed that the factors responsible for copyright infringement of intellectual property in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria include: ignorance and lack of understanding of copyrights laws, inadequate enforcement of copyright legislations, sabotage by some members of the enforcement agencies, lack of funds to buy the needed information materials, infringed books are more affordable, pressure for academic performance, easy download from websites facilitate plagiarism, high cost of textbooks, easy access to needed information and selfishness by the library staff and users. Furthermore, the hypothesis tested in this study revealed that the study revealed that there is significant relationship between Professional Librarians’ level of awareness of copyright law and infringement of intellectual property in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria.

Keywords: Awareness, Copyright Laws, Infringement, Federal Polytechnic Libraries, North Eastern Nigeria.

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THE RELEVEANCE OF SEX EDUCATION IN JOHN PAUL II’S FAMILIARIS CONSORTIO 37: A PARADIGM FOR UMUENYERE ALAYI CULTURE

 

COR JESU MARIA EKE, (Ph.D)

Department of Theology, St. Thomas Aquinas Major Seminary Makurdi, Benue State

 

ABSTRACT

This study highlights the challenge of sex education in family settings among the Umuenyere Alayi people of Eastern Nigeria within the purview of John Paul II’ s Familiaris Consortio (FC), 37. The study observes that in African cultures, issues relating to sex is seldom talked about among family members which makes the African child vulnerable to all sort of sex education. Two methodologies are employed in this study; first, a critical analysis of the notion of sex education and second, is the use of orature, in form of formal and informal interviews in order to elicit information from Umuenyere Alayi’s natives regarding sex education in the culture. Research findings indicate that it is uncommon (uncultural) to give sex education to a child among the Umuenyere people. By this study, it is envisioned that the ignorance of the benefits of sex education in family among the people will be enlightened.

Keywords: Sex Education, Family, Culture, Human Sexuality and Morality.

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