INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY (TIJSSRA)
VOL. 14 (6) AUGUST, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE IMPORTANCE OF FRENCH LANGUAGE TO DEVELOPING ECONOMIES
DR DIBIE GODFREY ATUNU
Department Of General Studies, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State
It is obvious that developing economies like Nigeria cannot do without foreign language if the much needed technological transfer must be realized. This transfer of technology must cut across all sectors which should include the Manufacturing, Pharmaceutical, Military, Sports. Tourism, communications, aviation, the media, etc. to mention but a few. The expertise involved in these highly skilled areas are mostly foreign nationals. We need foreign languages for us to be able to adopt technological and also for the acquisition of ideas and values. As a developing economy, Nigerian scientists and researchers need to be multi-lingual to be able to access information from the internet in today’s world where ICT has clearly taken the lead. This will help immensely in bringing the much desired industrial breakthrough. As an anglophone country surrounded by Francophone countries namely Cameroon in the East, Chad in the North, Benin Republic in the West and Equatorial Guinea which speaks Spanish in the South, Nigeria and Nigerians need foreign languages to be able to properly integrate and interact freely and easily with these neighbours and international organizations within the African sub-regions and at the world level, she needs to encourage the study of foreign language spoken in Africa are important medium for effective exchange of information, more emphasis should be laid on French Language since it is the second most economically viable language spoken both in Africa and the world after English. This paper is aimed at highlighting the importance of French language to a developing economy like Nigeria.
Keywords: Importance, French Language, Developing, Economies, Nigeria.
JURISPRUDENTIAL APPROACH TO CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS IN AFRICA: A PANACEA FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT
YISA YUSUF OYEDEMI
Faculty of Law, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
It is trite to think of development without a corresponding conceptualization of peace and good governance not only in Africa but anywhere in the world. Peace reigns where development dwells. The twin concepts of peace and development are intertwined with good governance and rule of law which serve as ample template on which peace cum development are predicated. This paper employs deeper interpretative of constitutional provisions of most African countries called jurisprudential approach which has capability to guarantee peace and rule of law; rather than rule of man as a means of midwifing overall development in Africa. The paper further explores ways and means by which law has been employed by other nations of the world to decree a rancour-free society full of equal and rich opportunities for humanity to flourish. A collective mass action by all nations of the African continent is canvased to reign in elements of recalcitrance where they occur.
Keywords: Jurisprudential approach, constitutional provisions, good governance, rule of law & development
KOGI STATE VIGILANTE SERVICE (KSVS) AND COMMUNITY POLICING IN KOGI STATE, NIGERIA
GODWIN W. OKIRI (PhD)1; SANUSI SALIHU AVIDIME (PhD)2; & OKPANACHI LINUS ODIJI (PhD)2
1Department of Sociology, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Nigeria. 2Department of Political Science, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Nigeria
The high rate of insecurity as manifested by the Boko Haram insurgency, farmers-herders conflicts, armed-banditry, kidnapping for ransom and ritual killings which hitherto incapacitated the federal security agencies in Nigeria, forced many states in the country into creating and/or empowering vigilante groups to contain these menaces. While creating the Kogi State Vigilante Service (KSVS) in 2017 to curb these vices, the Kogi state government claimed amidst doubts from sections of the populace that ‘community policing’ would basically be the modus operandi of the KSVS. This study evaluates the performance of the KSVS as a community policing outfit. Five (5) research objectives were formulated to guide the course of this endeavour with ‘broken window’ and ‘partnership policing’ as theoretical compass. The objectives are to find out: the rationale behind the creation of the KSVS; how the KSVS fared in the area of community policing; the nature of relationship between the KSVS and other community security management teams; whether the activities of the KSVS actually enhance security or pose threats to it; and the challenges inherent in attempts to use the vigilante group for community policing purpose. In the final analysis, it was discovered that shortage of manpower in the regular security outfits, coupled with the high numbers of unmanned spaces are responsible for the creation of the KSVS. Evaluating the performance of KSVS based on community policing parameters, places the vigilantes on a positive inclination even though 46% of the populace insist not seeing KSVS operatives on regular beats. This will inferably mean that more hands would be needed in the KSVS to allow for a more prolonged manning of beats. This is being suggested particularly because, on the whole, assessors majorly agree that security in Kogi State improved significantly with the emergence of the KSVS. Expectedly, these feats are not devoid of peculiar challenges associated with the establishment and engagement of vigilantes or private security outfits for law enforcement purpose. Legally for instance, only the federal security agencies are recognised by the Nigerian constitution to handle weapons. It is imperative to note at this juncture therefore that to set the KSVS or other vigilante outfits elsewhere on a better path to perform effectively and efficiently, there is the urgent need to authorise and publish a handbook that legalises and guide their operations.
Keywords: Kogi State Vigilante Service, Vigilantism, Community Policing, Security
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF PEOPLES’ PERCEPTION ON COVID-19 IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA
UMAR YUSUF ABDULLAHI; NADIKKO BASHIR JIBRIL; UMAR MUHAMMED BIBI; MU’AZU AUDU ZANUWA; & SANI DAYYABU
Department of Geography, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria and 2NO 68 PMF, OFFA Kwara State Nigeria.
The Covid-19 pandemic has emerged as a popular area of study in population and medical geography due to its adverse impact on population development and its spatial distribution. This study sought to evaluate the demographic and socio-cultural determinants of people’s perception of covid-19 in Gombe State, Nigeria. Specifically, it examined how people’s perception of the presence of Covid-19 and their level of acceptability of the covid-19 vaccination varied based on their demographic and socio-cultural characteristics. To obtain data from the field, a structured questionnaire was administered using random and accidental sampling techniques. The data collected were analysed using percentages, cross-tabulation tables, and chi-square analysis with the aid of SPSS version 17. The findings indicate that although the majority of people in Gombe State acknowledged the existence of the corona virus disease, there were significant variations among different regions and demographics. Notably, a considerable number of individuals in Bajoga (Funa Kaye) and Kumo did not accept the corona virus vaccination, while the reverse was the case in Balanga. Furthermore, the study reveals a significant difference (with most of the chi-square P-values being less than 0.05) between covid-19 perceptions (its presence and vaccination) and most of the demographic and socio-cultural variables. Based on the results, the study recommends that regions where people have a negative perception of the disease or reject its vaccination should engage in intensive awareness campaigns to enlighten them on the reality of the disease. Such campaigns could involve traditional leaders, religious leaders, educationists, journalists, medical personnel, and Non-Governmental Organizations (N.G.Os).
Keywords: Covid-19, vaccination, Demographic, Socio-cultural, and Perception.
MAN POWER DEVELOPMENT AND STAFF PERFORMANCE IN AN ORGANIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF VERITAS UNIVERSITY, ABUJA
DR SARKA, S. W.A AND T. C. ETIMB
aDepartment of Public Administration, National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja. bDepartment of Economics, Veritas University, Abuja.
The general objective of this study was to assess the effects of Man Power Development and Staff Performance at Veritas University, Abuja. The study adopted a survey research design and used both primary and secondary data. The research utilised a sample size of 196 respondents from the seven faculties in the university, employing a stratified sampling technique. Then the data collected were analysed with the aid of Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. From our study, it shows there is a strong positive relationship between manpower development and staff performance in the university. Therefore; it is recommended that training programmes should be made readily available to all staff of Veritas University, Abuja. The study also recommends that promotion be given as at when due and motivation given regularly in order to aid workers toward a more efficient and productive performance.
Keywords: Manpower Development, Training, Promotion, Motivation, Organizational performance, Veritas University, Abuja.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME CONVENTIONS AND THE CHALLENGES OF MANAGING NIGERIA’S MARITIME DOMAIN
ALIYU, TALA SAFIYANU; ABDULLAHI SALLAU MODIBBO Ph.D; & MOHAMMED BELLO BABAN’UMMA Ph.D
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nasarawa State – Nigeria.
Disruption in maritime transportation and access can reduce economic investment, constrict energy flows, global trade, critical infrastructure and the protection of maritime resources as well as hamper security, law enforcement and humanitarian operations. Thus, the insecurity in the Nigeria’s maritime domain has constituted a threat to the development and sovereignty of the country. This study examines implementation of the international maritime conventions and the challenges of managing Nigeria’s maritime domain. The study utilized securitization theory. It employed the use of both primary and secondary methods. The primary method includes distribution of questionnaire accompany with well structured interviews. Secondary sources of data reviewed existing literature from journals, online articles, and research projects. The study reveals that even though Nigeria has rectified and are party to many international conventions they are yet to establish the necessary legal and institutional frameworks at the national level which will enable these conventions to be applied locally in line with the provisions of the constitution as an aid for the prosecution of crimes in that regard. It has been established that pirates and other criminals most times exploit this laxity and loopholes in the law to operate almost with impunity. Findings also show that the implementation of the International Maritime Conventions and the management of Nigeria’s Maritime domain are presently being undermined by multifaceted domestic, sub-regional and international threats and vulnerabilities. These challenge Nigeria with limited capacity and expertise for maritime security. The study recommended that creating an enabling environment for maritime security would require sustained political will and that government will need to improve its capacity by acquiring the appropriate equipment, technology and trained personnel to implement maritime security strategies.
Keywords: Conventions, Domain, International, Maritime, Piracy, Safety and Security.
LINGUISTIC FORMS AND FUNCTIONS OF ENGLIGBO IN NOLLYWOOD FILMS
*EPHRAIM CHUKWU; **CHARLES CHUKWUMA MOTANYA; **BALOGUN BOLA KAMAL; & ***KAMISU BAPPAH
*Department of English, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. **Department of English, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State. ***School of Early childhood Care and Primary Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State
This paper is a study of the linguistic forms and functions of Engligbo in Nigeria’s film industry. Artistes’ choice of a language is far from being incidental, superficial or supplementary. Their choice shows how their ideas are embodied in the code (functionality of language). Engligbo is employed by speakers for various purposes in different domains hence the need to explore the forms and functions of this code in Nollywood films. Eighteen extracts from YouTube channel were obtained from Nollywood films (What a Bride Price, The Billionare Brothers, Bullion Van and Ezekwueche). Data were transcribed and analysed using Markedness Theory by Myers-Scotton. The findings show that Engligbo was realized as intersentential switching (code-switch), intrasentential switching (code-mix) and intraword switching. Engligbo was used as a tool to express the following: proverb, incantation, honorifics, euphemism, filling of lexical gaps, emphasis, word economy, untranslatability, expression of emotion – deep anger and slangs. The results from this study imply that Engligbo is functionally used by Nigerian artistes as a unique code for the expression of the Nigerian ideology and style.
Keywords: Linguistics, Engligbo, Nollywood, Markedness
AN ANALYSIS OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AND LOYALTY IN LOGISTICS SERVICES PROVIDED BY KONGA ONLINE SERVICES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
DR MAGBAGBEOLA, JOSHUA ADEKUNLE OLUBUKOLA
Department of Industrial Relations & Human Resource Management, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-arakeji, Osun State
This research paper evaluates Konga’s online services in terms of satisfaction and loyalty of their customers in the provision of logistics services. Statistical methods and surveys are used to conduct an examination of customer’s perceptions and opinions on the quality of Konga’s services. In addition, the paper evaluates the satisfaction of customers from different socio-economic backgrounds in order to determine potential variations in service quality satisfaction. Results indicate that Konga is seen positively in terms of its customer service, with customers being more satisfied with the pricing, delivery speed and convenience when compared to other services. With the use of well-designed structured questionnaire as google form, responses were solicited from target respondents. The results also demonstrate that customers are more inclined to be loyal to Konga due to its perceived reputation and customer service. Moreover, customers from different socio-economic backgrounds do not vary significantly in terms of satisfaction with Konga’s services, indicating that the services provided by Konga are of a high quality regardless of customer’s socio-economic background. Ultimately, this research paper highlights Konga’s high customer satisfaction and loyalty, suggesting that the services provided by Konga are dependable and of excellent quality.
Keywords: Customer Satisfaction, Loyalty, Logistics, Online Services and Analysis
UTILIZING CONCEPT MAPPING STRATEGY TO ENHANCE STUDENTS ATTITUDE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY IN TARABA STATE
1CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU; & 2DANIEL IMOKEN-ASI AUDU
1Department of Science Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria. 2School of science and technology, Taraba State Polytechnic
The study investigated strategies for utilizing conept mapping to enhance students attitude in senior secondary secondary school Biology in Taraba State of Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experimental research design. A sample of 118 students from six schools from a population of 8,497 SSII Biology students was used. A validated 30-item Genetics Attitude Rating Scale (GARS) was the instruments used for data collection. A reliability coefficient of 0.84 for GARS was established using cronbach Alpha method respectively. Three school each was assigned to Concept Mapping (CM) strategy and conventional method. Each group was taught genetics in line with the principles guiding the various teaching strategies. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the three hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there is significant difference in the mean attitude rating scores of students taught Biology using concept mapping strategy and those taught using conventional strategy (F(2,114)21.623;P = 0.000<0.05). There is no significant difference in the mean attitude rating scores of male and female students taught Biology using concept mapping instructional strategy (F(1,43)=0.687; P=0.412>0.05). There is no significant interactive effect of teaching strategies and gender on students’ mean attitude rating scores in Biology F(2,111)=1.596;p=0.007<0.05). The study recommend among others that the concept mapping instructional strategy be used in teaching Biology to enhance both male and female students’ attitude in the learning environment.
Keywords: Gender, Attitude, Biology Students, Concept Mapping.
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTION AND CABOTAGE POLICY IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA
ADEPOJU OLUSEGUN ONIFADE1; BELLO KINGDOM2; & OGOLA DANIEL BEKESUOMOWEI3
1Department of Transport and Logistics Management, Faculty of Arts, Magament and Social Sciences, Nigerian Army University Biu, P.M.B 1500, Borno State. 2Department of Innovation and Logistics Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State. 3Department of Port Management, Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State, Nigeria
This study was to examine reasons Cabotage enactment of 2004 has not been fully implemented in Nigeria. Secondly, is to analyse the pattern of petroleum distribution Petroleum Motor Spirit (PMS) across Nigerian states. 279 persons from major shipping companies involved in carriage of crude oil were sampled and the Inland and Coaster shipping Act was carefully read to understand grey areas in the policy. Quarterly Petroleum Motor Spirit (PMS) distributions from 2016 to 2019 were collected from National Bureau of Statistics website and the trend of forecast was predicted by a regression analytical technique. Descriptive analysis has been used to explain the non-fully implementation of Cabotage Act based on responses received. Quarterly data shows that, Lagos, Kano, Niger, Ogun, Oyo states were at the fore front of PMS demand in Nigeria. Results from the findings revealed that, it is very difficult for Cabotage to be fully implemented in Nigeria. Factors responsible for inability to be fully implemented are related to weak policy enforcement, lack political will, Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund (CVFF), seaworthiness of vessels, joint ventures and waivers respectively. The research concluded that, the issues of FOB and CIF can be resolved with the use of political will by implementing capacity building through CVFF and removal of waivers in the Cabotage Act. PMS distribution has shown a correlation between the demand for the PMS and population of the states.
Keywords: petroleum, distribution, cabotage and Nigeria
AWARENESS CREATION THROUGH INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS PANACEA FOR DRUG ABUSE AMONG NIGERIAN YOUTHS: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
1MOGA EZEKIEL; 2MONICA EMMANUEL ALAKU PhD; & 3BITRUS AUDU SULE PhD
1&2Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria. 3Department of Educational Foundations, Philosophy of Education Unit, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria.
The focus of this paper is on Awareness Creation through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a panacea for Drug Abuse Among Nigerian Youths. Substance or Drug abuse is a serious health problem affecting mostly Youths and Adolescents. It affects both males and females and it is the major source of crime in Youths and health-related problems in many communities. Moreover, it has been proven that most leisure activities and violence acts by youths and adolescents are frequently not unconnected to the effect of drugs. Youth violence worldwide particularly in Nigeria has cast a dark shadow over the prospect for a peaceful, united, secure and prosperous society. As part of effort to overcome this problem through awareness, Information and Communication Technology is considered as a promising tool to be used. The paper adopts a descriptive approach in the examination of issues. The objectives of the study are to; explore reasons for the involvement of youths in drug abuse, to highlight the consequences of drugs abuse among Nigerian youths, and to identify benefits of using ICT in awareness creation on drug abuse among Nigerian Youths. The paper concludes that drug abuse has very serious consequences on Nigerian youths and adolescents hence, awareness creation through ICT will help curtail violence acts among youths and adolescents.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Drugs, Youths Adolescents, Violence.
INFLUENCE OF FASHION ADVERTISEMENTS ON THE SELF-CONFIDENCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
GOKE RAUF, PHD; DAMILOLA ARIYO; FUNMILAYO. A. ADEKOYA; OLASEINDE, OMOWUMI BUKOLA, PHD
Department of Mass Communication, Adeleke University, Ede Osun State, Nigeria
The concern that advertisements of fashion companies bombard young people with increasing feelings of insecurity and body dissatisfaction to the extent that many young people become obsessed with their bodies and how they appear to others and themselves triggered this study on influence of fashion advertisements on the self-confidence of university students in Osun State, focusing on undergraduates of Redeemers University, Osun State University (Uniosun), and Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) for the study. It investigated the level of body satisfaction and self-confidence among the selected university students. The study is anchored on Uses and Gratification and Technological Determinism theories. Using a descriptive survey method, a structured questionnaire was used to collect information from 320 randomly selected students of select-universities. Findings identified that the overall level of influence of fashion advertisements on respondents is high (56%). The overall level of media use and exposure to fashion advertisements is high (50%), and the overall level of body satisfaction and self-confidence among undergraduates at Redeemers University, Uniosun, and OAU is low (54%). Therefore, the study concludes that fashion advertisements can have both positive and negative effects on the self-confidence of individuals, including university students. On the one hand, fashion advertisements can inspire individuals to experiment with new styles and trends, it can also be a form of self-expression. It recommends that young people need to be informed that media channels such as television and social media are there to sell products at a profit and so they should not compare themselves with the idealized images they see in the media.
KEYWORDS: fashion, advertisement, self-confidence, influence, university students, Osun State
INFLUENCE OF IN-SERVICE, ON-THE-JOB AND OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING ON TEACHERS’ PRODUCTIVITY
ALIYU, JOSEPH OMEIZA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
The study investigated in-service training, on-the-job training, off-the-job training, and secondary school teachers’ productivity in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Through a descriptive survey, the participants’ perspectives on professional development and teacher productivity were collated. The study’s sample in the state of Sokoto consisted of 4,122 secondary school teachers. Using techniques of proportional simple random sampling, the Research Advisors (2006) selected 322 of 4122 teachers. The responses to the Manpower Development Questionnaire (MDQ) and the Teacher Productivity Questionnaire (TPQ) were examined on four (4) modified Likert scales. Educational management and science education experts who supervised the researchers determined the content validity of the research instruments. The Manpower Development Questionnaire (MPQ) and the Teachers Productivity Questionnaire (TPQ) had respective alpha reliability indices of 0.68 and 0.71. To answer research questions, descriptive statistics were used at a significance level of 0.05. The findings of the study stated, among other things, the value of in-service training for the continued professional development and knowledge of teachers. According to the study’s findings, in-service training has contributed to the improvement and progression of teachers teaching and classroom control. In order to improve the quality of instruction and teaching, the study suggests that school administrators, through the education ministry, increase the frequency with which teachers partake in in-service training programmes.
Keywords: In-service training, On-the-job training, Off-the-training, teachers’ productivity.
LEGAL FRAMEWORKS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ENHANCING ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE IN TOURISM AND OIL & GAS IN NIGERIA
*DR. LATEEFAT ADEOLA BELLO; *DR. ILOBA-ANINYE OKECHUKWU; & **DR. MARYAM IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI
*Department of Commercial Law, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. **Department of Private Law, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
This paper discusses the critical issue of establishing robust legal frameworks to stimulate sustainable development within Nigeria’s tourism and oil & gas sectors. Nigeria’s abundant natural resources have long attracted significant tourism and large-scale oil & gas operations. However, unchecked exploitation of these resources can lead to severe environmental degradation, infringing on the principles of sustainable development. Recognizing the urgent need for environmental compliance, the paper focuses on the necessity to develop, implement, and enforce effective legal structures to ensure the long-term viability of these key sectors. It aims to bring together legal scholars, environmental experts, policymakers, industry leaders, and civil society advocates to explore the best practices in environmental compliance, examine international norms, and brainstorm innovative strategies tailored to Nigeria’s context. Special emphasis is placed on mitigating environmental damage, prioritizing socioeconomic benefits, and fostering a balance between economic advancement and environmental preservation. The paper is intended to enhance Nigeria’s legal frameworks, thereby accelerating the nation’s trajectory towards sustainable development.
Keywords: Oil & Gas, Tourism, Frameworks, Sustainable Development, Environmental, Compliance.
POLITICAL THUGGERY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR EFFECTIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
IBUKUNOLUWA BOSE OLOJEDE, PhD; & ANN, DAVID OJO, PhD2
Department of Public Administration, Lagos State University
In Nigeria, main stream politics is often regarded as an economic investment that is maintained by politicians. Thus, having invested heavily in electioneering processes, coupled with the disturbing level of monetized politics ,some politicians usually see the need to employ political thugs because of their unpopularity. Hence because of their obsession to win elections they engage in all forms of unconstitutional means detrimental to nation building and effective public administration. In the light of this, the paper conceptualized political thuggery as well as public administration stating the theory adopted. Qualitative technique was adopted and the findings from this paper revealed that because of the sit tight phenomenon in Nigeria’s politics in which an individual tries to hold on to power undemocratically ,leaders often create a governance system of violence, repression and bloodshed by sponsoring political thugs to intimidate opponents and assassinate the electorates if they threaten their legitimacy. Thus, the obsessive urge to control, dominate, amass wealth and govern indefinitely informs the continous menace of political thuggery in Nigeria’s system of governance. It therefore concludes and recommends that policy programmes should be made wherein education becomes accessible and affordable so that the minds of the youths can be transformed, renewed and empowered in such ways that they do not see political violence as the only available alternative of channeling their frustrations.
Keywords: Anti-Democracy, Effective Public Administration, Political Thuggery, Political Violence, Unconstitutional Processes
BURDEN OF PROOF IN ADULTERY CASE IN ISLAMIC LAW
MUSLIM NASIRUDEEN ADE
The Oke Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria
To prove adultery in Islamic legal system is actually a complex process. Adultery must be proved by the testimony of four eyewitnesses to the actual act of penetration, or a confession repeated four times and not retracted later. If someone saw them hugging or even lying on each other, naked but not penetrating, his testimony won’t be accepted (but can entail some disciplinary punishment). Also, the eyewitness must have a clean character record. Some legal school also allows an unmarried woman’s pregnancy to be used as evidence, but the punishment can be averted by a number of legal”semblances” (shubuhat), such as existence of an invalid marriage contract. Digital records (image or video) can also be used as evidence. If the accusation of adultery proven wrong, the accuser will be punished with 80 lashes.
Keywords: Adultery, lashes, testimony, penetrating, accusation, proof
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES: MEDIATING EFFECT OF COMMUNITY LEADERS IN NORTH-EASTERN, NIGERIA
AKPAN OKON EDEM; & YUSUF OVA MUTALIB
Department of Accountancy, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
No doubt, corporate social responsibility has become an instrument of national development. It is within that imperatival need for community development that this Study takes a cursory look at the issue in all its ramifications. The study reviewed Corporate Social Responsibility on Community Development in North Eastern Nigeria. The results of this study may show both positive and significant relationship on Corporate Social Responsibility and Community Development by construction Companies in Nigeria. The study employed primary source of data collection through the use of questionnaire among various Construction companies, government agencies and corporate organizations within the North Eastern Nigeria. Various statistics tools to include correlation and regression analysis will be use to analyze the data. Also, it is recommended that the of Construction companies in North Eastern Nigeria may device strategies that will help to enlighten their community leaders on their efforts towards social dimension of CSR. This will help to improve their perception of community development. The measures adopted in this study focus on existing variables, within the context of corporate social responsibility and community development. It is recommended that the management of construction companies within the North Eastern Nigeria should look at these dimensions of corporate social responsibilities critically with the view to enhancing them in order to enhance overall community development.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility and Community Development, Construction Companies and Community Leaders
FIELD TRIPS: ITS IMPACT IN THE LEARNING EXPERIENCE OF HND II (2022-2023) TOURISM STUDENTS IN ISA MUSTAPHA AGWAI I POLYTECHNIC, LAFIA, NASARAWA STATE NIGERIA
FIMBER STEPHEN AGBU, OBED L. KPADJI, JATAU OVYE JONATHAN
Department of Tourism Management Technology, School of Science and Technology Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, P.M.B. 109, Lafia Nasarawa State Nigeria
Field trips or educational tours are one of the school’s activities that make students excited and motivated, particularly those who are taking up a career in tourism management technology since it is relevant based in the NBTE curriculum and learning experience. The Tourism Management Technology Department of Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, Lafia offers field Trips with practical skill and experiences that mold her students to be globally competitive to meet the evolutionary demand of the travel and tourism industry. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of field trips on the students learning experiences, i.e. the positive and negative impacts of tourism in the study area that affected the practical learning experience of students, challenges encountered by the students during field trips and make recommendations to enhance the field trips of tourism students in IMAP Lafia, Nasarawa State. The study used a qualitative research design and conducted a focus group discussion as the data collection method. Among the HND II Tourism Management Technology students who are part of the Yankari Game reserve Bauchi trip, a total number of 29 students participated in the focus group discussion. The gathered information was transcribed, interpreted and analyzed narratively. The findings of the study revealed the unique natural ecosystem features of the study area which relate to their learning experience, however stress on local land use by the locals due to tourism activities, improper waste disposal, littering and degrading of the physical appearance of the destination where negative impacts discovered in the study. Also, students encountered language barriers, unfamiliarity of the place as challenges and more so, the field trip objectives presented by the department for the trip were met. Lastly, the study recommend the following: i.e. prior to the field trips students should learn the basics of the local language of the destination, extension of field trip days, students should be involved in selection and choice of trips destinations and stakeholders commitment on the sustainability of an ecotourism destination like Yankari game reserve Bauchi, Nigeria.
EFFECT OF TOURISM SERVICE QUALITY ON TOURIST CHOICE OF TOURISM DESTINATION IN KADUNA METRIPOLIS
RABIU M. GARBA; JOSHUA MAXWELL E.; SABO D. SAGAGI; & LYDIA EZEH
National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism
Service quality is defined as what the customer gets out and is willing to pay for “rather than” what the supplier puts in (Ducker,1991). In the highly competitive service industry like tourism, improving service quality to gain competitive advantages are keys to sustainable tourist patronage to the tourism destination. So also maintaining service quality has a positive impact on the tourism destination. To this end, this research is aimed at examining the effect of tourism service quality on tourist choice of tourism destination in Kaduna metropolis. Stratified sampling technique was used to select three hundred and fifty respondents (350) from the four tourist sites, namely, Arewa House, Kaduna National Museum, General Hassan Usman Katsina Park, and Lord Lugard Hall. It’s survey research and the instrument used for data collection is the questionnaire. Percentages and Likert scale on 1-5 points scales were used in analyzing the data. The study revealed that elements of service quality such as reliability, responsiveness, tangibility, food quality, customer satisfaction and customer retention were among the elements that were found to have strong and direct bearing on tourist choice of tourism destination. There were high and low levels of patronage along the years of study. Recommendations were therefore made in the areas of maintaining reliable, responsive, assured and emphatic service quality to the tourists so as to add to their satisfaction levels if they are to be retained. Also, employee training should be given adequate attention so as to maintain, update and upgrade their knowledge, skills and competencies in providing efficient service. The theory reviewed for the study is SERVQUAL model propounded by Parasuraman et al (1988).
Keywords: Effect, Tourism, Service, Quality, Tourist
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND STAKEHOLDERS’ RESPONSIVENESS IN NATIONAL PARKS IN NIGERIA
*DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU; & **IFEOMA L. IFEGBO Ph.D
*Department of Tourism Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management Imo State University, Owerri.
This study focused on of corporate social responsibility and responses of stakeholder’s in selected national parks in Nigeria. The study was guided by three objectives and three research questions. The study adopted the survey research design, and questionnaire was the major instrument used for data collection. The population of the study was drawn from the host communities; the data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, of means, percentage and standard deviation. Correlation analytical technique was used to test the hypotheses. The computations were aided by statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23. The results obtained showed that poverty reduction positively improved the sanitization against vandalization of parks’ infrastructure in national parks again affordable healthcare services improved sensitization against vandalization of parks’ infrastructure. The study therefore, concluded that Corporate Social Responsibility was very essential for management of the stakeholders’ response in selected national park in Nigeria. It was recommended that management should improve on poverty reduction, job creation and affordable healthcare services; for better management of responses of the stakeholder especially as it affects sanitization against vandalization of infrastructure.
Keywords: Economic Dimension, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholders’ Responsiveness, National Park
AUDIENCE PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BBC HAUSA WEEKLY HEALTH PROGRAMME (LAFIYA ZINARIYA) AS A TOOL FOR EMPOWERING NURSING MOTHERS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST INFANT MORTALITY A FOCUS ON YAMALTU DEBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF GOMBE STATE
*IBRAHIM MANAJA ZAMBUK; **MR. FELIX IKYO TERVER; **IBRAHIM MANAJA ZAMBUK; AND **FELIX IKYO TERVA
*Gombe State College of Education and Legal Studies Nafada. **Department of Mass Communication, Gombe State College of Education and Legal Studies, Nafada
This research work examines audience perception especially the nursing mothers of a particular radio programme, in Yamaltu Deba Local Government area of Gombe State. This provides us with logical answer and empirical evidence whether radio can be used in influencing nursing mothers’ attitudes to archive this survey research method has been adopted which include face to face interview and the sampling techniques adopted for the study is the convenience available sampling. Through this research it has been discovered that most nursing mothers in Yamaltu Deba Local Government were influenced by the programme LAFIYA ZINARIYA a BBC Hausa weekly health programme. Most nursing mothers interviewed agreed that they consider the programme influential.
ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE YORUBAS IN MINNA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA: HISTORICAL ANALYSIS
*OBA RAHAMAN TAIWO; *SA’EED TAHIR PANDOGARI; *MUHAMMAD KUDU IBRAHIM; **MUHAMMAD NASIR
*Department of History, Federal college of Education, Kontagora. **Department of Islamic Studies, Federal college of Education, Kontagora
An extensive system of marketing and long-distance trade is a hallmark of Yoruba history. Pre contact overland commerce emphasized kola, woven cloth, and salt; coastal trade with Europeans involved slaves, cloth and ivory. Yoruba diaspora in northern Nigeria is better understood within the historical context of the respective host communities and indeed the entire history of northern Nigeria as a whole. The historical relationship between people of Northern Nigeria and the Yoruba runs deep. For more than five hundred years before the British rule, Yoruba merchants traversed communities in Northern Nigeria and established abodes. It is equally important to examine the interaction of resources and opportunities in order to understand the dynamics of Yoruba commerce in northern Nigeria. This study however, aims at positioning the yoruba community in Minna as a significant settlement enriched with enormous natural qualities and powerful nature’s good tidings. In order to achieve this, primary and secondary sources becomes important element in the reconstruction of the economic contribution of Yoruba to the transformation of Minna town especially after the independence.
Keywords: Economic, Diaspora, Historical, Yoruba, Northern Nigeria
GENDER EQUALITY: PANACEA TO SECURITY CHALLENGES IN 21ST CENTURY NIGERIA
*JONATHAN ISHAYA; & **ABDULSAMAD ALABEDE
*Department of Social Sciences and Humanities School of General Studies Education Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. **Department of Economics, School of Arts and Social Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
Recent events have shown that gender in equality has a link with instability and conflict; hence give rises to security challenges. Most often, inequality arises as a result of social injustice in the distribution and access to resources and opportunities. It is against this backdrop that the paper intends to examine what causes gender inequality in the society and its consequences and security issues in Nigeria. The concept of gender, equality, inequality and security were highlighted and conceptualized. The paper argued that most security challenges bedeviling the country have their roots in societal injustice/social injustice as a result of gender discrimination into the access to resources of opportunities of which some of these barriers to gender equality were critically analyzed. Also, the paper is of the submission that gender equality in Nigeria is a key factor to the solution of security challenges facing the nation. Therefore, the papers conclude that steps towards attaining or fostering gender equality is a pre-requisite to responding positively towards security solution in the country. Thereafter, some possible policy recommendations were proffered towards attaining peace, development and sustainable security.
Keywords: Gender, Gender equality, gender inequality, security
ATTAINING OBJECTIVES OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION IN TARABA STATE: ROLE OF LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION
ABENITUS ISAAC MATTHEW
Department of English Language, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State
Keywords: Language of instruction, UBE, objectives, attainment, Taraba State.
MEDIA ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT CREATION AMONG MASS COMMUNICATION STUDENTS IN SELECTED POLYTECHNIC IN KWARA STATE
*TOPE IGE; **DANGANA KAYODEABIODUN; AND *OPALEKE GLADYS TAYE
*Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Offa. **Department of Procurement and Supply Chain Management, Kwara State P0lytechnjc, Ilorin
The employment landscape for mass communication graduates is evolving, and there is a need to equip them with entrepreneurial skills and a mindset that can enable them to navigate the changing media landscape and create their own employment opportunities This study examined the relationship between media entrepreneurship and employment creation among mass communication students in Kwara State, Nigeria. It adopted a mixed-methods research design, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques. The study population comprised all students of mass communication in the Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State, with a total population of 3,821 students from which a sample size of 350 participants was determined using the Raosoft online sample size calculator. The data collection process involved the use of questionnaires as the primary source and empirical findings of previous researches were used to substantiate the study’s findings, while the data gathered were analyzed using Pearson’s Correlation Statistical Tool. Results established a significant positive relationship between media entrepreneurship and employment creation. It was concluded based on the findings that media entrepreneurship has significant influence on employment creation. It is therefore recommended among others that, to promote employment creation, educational institutions must integrate media entrepreneurship courses and training programs into the mass communication curriculum.
Keywords: Media Entrepreneurship, Employment Creation, Mass Communication Students, Skills, Mindset, Resources, Training, Nigeria.
A COUNTER-CYCLICAL EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA: AN EMPIRICAL RATIONALISM
ISAAC TOYIN JOLAYEMI
Department of Social Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Bida
Using a VECM model base on the counter-cyclical ideology for the empirical link to rationalism, this work examined the government expenditure on economic growth in Nigeria. Using a WDI annual time series data from 1981 to 2021 as Gross Domestic Product was seen as a function of government capital and recurrent expenditures, findings reveal there is an empirical reasonable fact supporting the agitation of government spending huge funds on recurrent expenditure for economic growth in Nigeria. But in the short and long run, Capital expenditure is insignificant to explain the economic growth in Nigeria. Hence the mode of operating government capital expenditure is irrational to the economic growth based on the empirical rationale for the period under study since government expenditure has no counter-cyclical effect on the economic growth of Nigeria
Keywords: Empiricism, Counter-Cyclical, Economic Growth, Government Expenditure
MEMOIR AS LITERATUR: FELA’S YABIS: CONTEXT, MEANING AND PURPOSE IN THE MEMOIR OF SANDRA IZSADORE AND SEGUN OYEKUNLE FELA AND ME
Department of English, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
This article, using witness literature as a theoretical tool, is an examination of the presentation of Yabis in the memoir of Sandra Izsadore and Segun Oyekunle’s Fela and Me. In this memoir, Yabis is presented as Fela’s protest tool and instrument for social commentary. Fela used yabis to critique and to lampoon society. He used Yabis to expose the weaknesses of African leaders: military and civilians. The successful contrast of the past with the present in Sandra and Oyekunle’s memoir Fela and Me is what makes it strong historical document. The memoir demonstrates through clear examples that Yabis is still relevant in contemporary Africa as it was during Fela’s days. The things Fela protested against from the 60’s to the 90’s using Yabis are still happening in Africa. His songs such as Vagabonds in power (VIP), Big Blind Country (BBC), Authority Stealing (AS), Unknown Soldier (US), Zombie, are still relevant. Many leaders in Africa today are VIPS, vagabonds in power. Stealing from the national treasury (authority stealing) has increased in Africa. In place of the Unknown soldier, unknown bandits and unknown gun men have taken over many parts of Africa. Despite several years of independence, Africa has remained a BBC, a big blind continent. Zombie or ‘follow-follow’ mentality or attitude has remained a strong feature of the continent. Although Fela died several years ago, through his songs, he is still alive. What contemporary Africa lacks is the fighting spirit of Fela. They are afraid to challenge their leaders. African leaders too dey do wuru, wuru (apologies, Fela).
Keywords: Yabis, protest tool, Africa, independence, wuruwuru
NATURE AND IMPACT OF HERDSMEN- FARMERS’ CONFLICT ON ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA (2009-2022)
DANIEL ECHE FRANCIS; GODIYA ATSIYA PIUS Ph.D; & RUTH CALEB Ph.D
Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study examines the nature and impact of herdsmen-farmers’ conflict on economic activities in Benue State, Nigeria. Eco-Violence theory was adopted as an analytical anchorage for the study. It explains the intricate linkages that have developed between resource scarcity as a result of climate change and violent conflict which to some extent explains the basis for herdsmen-farmers’ violent conflict in Benue State. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources. The primary data were sourced through the instrumentalities of questionnaire and interview. Secondary data were elicited from library and official (government) sources. In this regard, books, journals, dailies and periodicals, internet materials, as well as relevant official records were explored with a view to eliciting useful information. Result shows that herdsmen-farmers’ conflict creates an atmosphere of uncertainty, insecurity, breakdown of economic activities and migration of people to safer places. This situation made farmers to compromise many production activities resulting to low yield, poor economic return and loss of planting materials. Similarly, agricultural labour usually supplied by rural youths/households is seriously affected due to loss of life and displacement. Most youths migrate to more peaceful locations, thereby creating labour scarcity in the conflict-stricken zones. This negatively impacts on human capital formation as well as agricultural productivity, and subsequently farm decision and livelihood activities. The study recommended that strategies by government, NGOs and communities that target conflict management or resolution should promote support for sustainable livelihood. In other words, provision of grazing land, pasture route, use of formal and informal security outfits and institutions should be accompanied with efforts that support and strengthens diversified livelihood capacity ranging from entrepreneurship training, provision of social, infrastructural facilities and interventions in agricultural sectors with competitive advantage for communities.
Keywords: Nature, Impact, Herdsmen, Farmers, Conflict, Economic Activities, Benue State and Nigeria.
FLAMING IN LANGUAGE USE ON SELECTED CROSS DRESSERS BLOG: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE APPROACH
*OKATA GIFT NGOZI, PhD; & **OGUNYE FREDERICK OMOTOLO, PhD
*Department of Languages and Literary Studies Babcock University Ilisan Remo. Ogun State. **Department of Languages, School of Liberal Studies, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos
Language and society are symbiotically interrelated in that language defines a society and the society in turn determines the acceptable use of language by individuals be it spoken or written form which comprise comments on social media network. Comments from Nigerian Cross-Dressers blog generally is predisposed by individual’s idiosyncratic attitudes, personal biases, myopic point of elevation and general world view. These individualistic tendencies sometimes give rise to language flaming which has proven to be a tool of attack and domination among internet language users. Using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and SPEAKING acronym model as frame work, the paper carried out a descriptive analysis of 250 comments purposefully selected from the Instagram platforms of; Denrele Edun, Bobrisky, Jay Boogie and James Brown. Findings showed that the posts made by Denrele Edun, Bobrisky, Jay Boogie and James Brown and the analyzed corresponding comments reflected high tendency of hate speech, trolling, abuse, threat to life, body shaming and insult. The study therefore recommended that metaphorical depiction of unruly dressing, too much makeovers and luxury display should be discouraged among the cross dressers. Also, standard and formal use of Language across the social media should be implemented.
Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Trolling, Cross-Dressers, Blogs, Social Media.