INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY (TIJSSRA)
VOL. 13 (6) MAY, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE IMPACT OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESS ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA (A CASE STUDY OF OVIA NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EDO STATE)
*UWADIAH JOHN OROBOH; & **DR. ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA
*Department of Accounting, Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State. **Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo State University, Uzairue
The impact of small scale business on economic development, a means of revealing the potential impact of small scale business in rural development has not recorded as much success as the economic situation would demand. After all, it is said that the development and growth of the nation lies in the hands of those who explore that venture into the fields. A good development strategy is properly employed by entrepreneurs who grow into large scale capital intensive. One thing that is clear is that small scale business provides a foundation for the establishment and maintenance of success in any project oriented venture for the sustenance of the economy at large. Despite the numerous advantages of small business, however, the activity is usually constrained by various problems such as The lack of business idea and information, insecurity problems , lack of technological development, political instability, unfriendly policies of Government, and a host of others are responsible for the failure of small scale business to make head way; hence this study was carried out in some selected business.
Keywords: Small scale, Economic development, Development, Self reliance, Entrepreneur
LA LUTTE CONTRE LA CORRUPTION EN AFRIQUE POST-INDEPENDANTE A TRAVERS QUINZE ANS CA SUFFIT D’AHMADOU OUSMANE
MAGNUS TERNA ATE PhD; & IKYULEKE AGBATSE
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Benue State University, Makurdi
Ladite société africaine que l’on appelle aujourd’hui société indépendante a été victime du colonialisme et de l’impérialisme, l’exploitation et de la dégradation, dont ses enfants ayant enduré les chaînes de l’esclavage et de l’humiliation pendant l’ère coloniale. Suite à l’accession à l’indépendance de la plupart des pays africains, l’espoir est très élevé car les affaires du gouvernement tombent aux mains des Africains. Bientôt, l’espoir commence à disparaître à cause de l’autoritarisme, du népotisme, de la dictature, de l’injustice sociale, de l’égoïsme, de la corruption, de l’abus de droit de l’homme, de la marginalisation, de l’impunité pour n’en citer que quelques-uns. Les caractéristiques de la gouvernance postcoloniale sont largement vues par beaucoup d’écrivains comme l’héritage colonial. En effet, il n’y a pas eu de rupture importante entre l’administration coloniale et administration postcoloniale, bien au contraire. Avec l’indépendance, les nouveaux états se sont construits dans une logique de continuité et d’amplification du modèle colonial. Les critiques à l’égard le détournement de l’argent, des matières premières et de la récession économique, les crises sociales, politiques et économiques qui en résultent dans les romans postcoloniaux sont les réflexions de ce travail. Les conséquences de ces comportements coquins sont la chute économique et socio-politiquement il y a le désaccord entre les parties civiles dans le continent. Cette étude vue ensemble des critiques sociopolitique pour la lutte contre la corruption en Afrique post-indépendante que nous espérons avoir une nouvelle Afrique sans ces fléaux sociopolitiques.
CORRELATION BETWEEN MOCK SCORES AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABDULLAHI GALLE1, SALAMATU SULIEMAN KWOKU2 & DR. KANA. A. A. EBINI3
1Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria 2Department of Arts & Social Science Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria 3Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
The study assessed correlation between mock scores and students’ performance in SSCE/NECO English Language in Plateau State, Nigeria. Two research questions and its corresponding hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, and a descriptive survey research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted. The population of the study consists of all 13,558 public and private senior secondary schools’ students that sat for SSCE/NECO 2021/2022 and the sample of the study comprises of 2,421 SS III students drawn from 10 (ten) public and private Senior Secondary Schools who sat for SSCE/NECO English Language 2021/2022 in Plateau State. The instrument for data collection was tagged ‘‘Mock Scores and NECO Scores Sheet used for harvesting data of students’ performance in SSCE/NECO. 0.88 validity index and 0.89 reliability index. Frequency and percentages was used for answering research questions while Kendall’s-Tau’ Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. Findings showed that there is a significant correlation different between the performance scores of students in Mock Exam and their SSCE/NECO English Language in Plateau State and there is a significant correlation different between mock scores of public and private school students SSCE/NECO English Language in Plateau State. It was recommended that, teachers should encourage to develop uniform and standardize mock items across private and public schools and educational stakeholders should ensure that only students that sat and passed at the credit level in mock exam should be allow to register for SSCE/NECO to justify individual students’ performance for better sound education and growth of the Country.
Keywords: Correlation, Mock Scores, Students’ Performance, SSCE/NECO, English Language
THE EFFECTS OF POOR FUNDING OF PUBLIC LIRBARIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF BAUCHI STATE PUBLIC LIBRARY)
*FELICIA JOHN; & **ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD
*Department of Library and Information Science, Bauchi state University, Gadau. **Abu Ali Library, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
The public library is a social institution which is tied to the political and social realities of the communities, where it is situated. Library helps an organizations to achieve this stated goals and its achievement is dependent I the adequate fund available to the library involved. Looking at one goal set out by public library to achieve and with the fact that less is achieved due to poor materials and infrastructural facilities in our present day societies, it’s discovered that inadequate funding is responsible. This project titles the effects of poor funding public libraries in Nigeria, of which Bauchi state library board was aimed at discovering the main sources of funding problems of public libraries and the reason why publications are often stared of fund. The issue of funding in public libraries in Nigeria is as old as libraries themselves against this background, the state of funding as it affects ABLB and ISLB were reviewed with the aim of identifying the problem and suggesting ways of solving or improving of the libraries lots.
Keywords: Public, Libraries, Funding, Government, Patron
THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN FINANCING OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF ESAN NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, UROMI, EDO STATE)
*DR EMHENYA ANTHONY IYOHA; & **UWADIAH JOHN OROBOH
*Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State. **Department of Accounting, Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State
The Study assessed the role of government in financing of small scale business in Nigeria, The objectives of the study is to ascertain the significance of small enterprise in the economic development of the nation and to ascertain the extent of contribution to small scale enterprises has uplift the standard of living at the populace. to examine the challenges facing small scale business in Esan North East Local Government Area, Edo State , simple percentage and chi-square statistics was used for the analysis between the variables tested in the study while the simple percentage helped to showed the relative important of the various items that was be used for analysis. Formula for simple percentage . After all, it is said that the development and growth of the nation are in the hands of those who explores and venture into the fields. A good development strategy is properly employed by entrepreneurs who grow into large scale capital intensive. One thing that is clear is that small scale business provides a foundation for the establishment and maintenance of success in any profit oriented venture for the sustenance of the economy at large. Despite the numerous advantages of small business, however the activity is usually constrained by various problems: hence this study was carried out in some businesses.
Keywords: Small Scale Business, Economic Development, Development, Self Reliance, Entrepreneur Finance, Business
MOTHERHOOD IN SELECTED WORKS OF AKACHI ADIMORA-EZEIGBO
GRACE MOTUNRAYO AJALA
Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State
Motherhood and most of the attributes attached to it are special features that distinguish every woman. It is common among feminist scholars to express dissatisfaction with the institution of marriage, which is the precursor of motherhood. Extant feminists’ writings have pointed out how little most fathers do for and with their children; most of such writings express concerns about ‘father absence’, that is, the relative absence of fathers from the lives of their families, thus overburdening the women. In some situations, most of the fathers who live with their children do not take responsibilities of proper care of their families. Based on this, childrearing had been taken as a means of subjugation for women by Western feminists, considering the fact that it should be a joint responsibility of both parents. Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo’s, House of Symbols, Children of the Eagle and Roses and Bullets have been purposively selected for this study to examine whether childrearing is miserable for women. Using Catherine Obianuju Acholonu’s Motherism as its theoretical framework, the study identifies the mothering attributes from the selected texts. The paper concludes that childbearing and childrearing are potential gifts of nature and not means of subordination or exploitation of women.
Keywords: Feminist, Motherhood, Life-giver, Marriage, Motherism
INTERNAL EFFICIENCY AND HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION, BENUE STATE-NIGERIA
*IYALA, FELIX EMEKA (PH.D.); **AHMAD, SHUAIBU ABDULLAH; ***AYOM, JACQUELINE NGUUMBUR; & ****YUSUF SUZANA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State. ***Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. ****Department of Educational Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study focused on the relationship between internal efficiency and human resource management of Colleges of Education in Benue State-Nigeria. The study was guided by the correlational survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 4,437 staff. The sample size of the study consisted of 363 respondents. Two instruments were used for data collection. Pearson’s product moment correlation was used for testing the hypotheses. The findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between student enrollment planning and human resource management and there is a significant relationship between adequate provision of teaching facilities and human resource management in Colleges of Education in Benue State. The study recommended that the National Commission for Colleges of Education should ensure that Colleges of Education in Benue State admit students based on the available staff strength to enhance effective management of human resources in Colleges of Education.
Keywords: Internal Efficiency, Human Resource, Management, Enrollment Planning and Teaching Facilities
THE IMPACT OF INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA
Department of Political Science, Yobe State University, Damaturu
The paper aimed at examining the impact of internal security challenges on educational development in northeastern Nigeria, with the specific objectives; to find out the challenges for imparting knowledge as a result of schools’ destruction by insurgents’ attacks, and to study the reason behind labor migration especially teachers in the study areas. To conduct the empirical aspect of the study both primary and secondary methods of data collection were utilized. For the primary method, questionnaires and interviewed guides were used to collect data from respondents in the study areas. The study traversed the population of the study areas comprising male and female, teachers, and students. Parents, traditional rulers, proprietors. Out of this population a sample of 192 was respondents for quantitative data (questionnaires) and 12 were respondents for qualitative (in-depth interview). The respondents for quantitative data were selected using multi-stage sampling in five stages using cluster, sampling, sample random sampling and purposive sampling techniques. Respondents for qualitative data were selected using purposive sampling technique. The findings of the study revealed that as a result of security challenges in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States affected educational development in the region as a result of frequent attacks on school and students by Boko Haram insurgency through destroying many schools, killing many teachers and students especially Primary and Secondary schools, most of the schools were forced to update their time table or close down due to the fear of attacks by insurgency. The paper recommends that multiple mechanism should be put in place in order to fight the menace, use of force is one of the them, intelligence gathering, organizing seminar and work shop to sensitize and enlighten the people on the impact of insurgency’s activities on educational development.
THE FEELING OF THE BENEFICIARY COMMUNITIES WITH REGARD TO THE PROGRAMMES OF THE DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES IN RIVERS STATE
OGBANGA, MINA MARGARET (PhD)
Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Rivers State University of Science & Technology. Rivers State Nigeria.
This research was designed to examine the feeling of the beneficiary communities with regard to the programmes of the development agencies in Rivers State. Three separate communities namely: Okehi in Etche Local Government Area, Soku in Akuku-Toru Local Government Area; and Afam in Oyigbo Local Government Area were selected as case studies. A total of one hundred and fifty (150) questionnaires were administered to the three (3) communities and information from the community members were used for data analysis. Simple Percentages, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and the mean scores were used to analyze the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and testing of the formulated hypothesis. The results showed that management strategies adopted for the communities who wanted to feel the impact of being carried along in their communities’ governance to steer success of any strategy adopted for development showed a mean value of 3.0 for Okehi, 3.0 for Soku and 3.0 for Okoloma-Ndoki (Afam), respectively.
THE TRAGIC AND THE SUPERNATURAL – IN ELEVHI AMADIS THE GREAT POND AND THE CONCUBINE
OKORO HENRY OKECHUKWU
Department of Languages, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra state
This study examines the use of the tragic and supernatural elements in Elevhí Amadi’s novels, “The Great Pond” and “The Concubine.” Through a close analysis of the novels, this study explores how the author employs these elements to convey the complexity of the human condition in traditional Nigerian society. The tragic and the supernatural are key issues in African literature. The sense of the tragic is embedded in the belief that man is not happy by nature. The concept of the supernatural and the tragic have been explored by writers and critics of African literature from different perspectives. This study however looks at the tragic as a mode of experience. The influence of fatalism on the characters in the selected texts suggests that man is helpless before external powers that determine his destiny. The actions and inactions of the characters bring them to the fulfillment of their destinies. Amadi in the selected texts presents the supernatural as a force that regulates the activities of men within his fictional world. The researcher’s examination of concepts such as the quest myth, fatalism and determinism brings to the fore the relationship between the tragic and the supernatural.
SO LONG A LETTER: A SECOND WAVE FEMINIST NOVEL
*MANSUR MUHAMMAD MANSUR; *BABA MUSA YM; & **TUKUR LADAN
*General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department of Adult and Non Formal Education, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsinma, Katsina State
“Bå considered herself a feminist, but some Western feminists would contest that claim under the pretext that she depicts a heroine who accepts a plural marriage. However, in an interview Alioune Dia, Bå powerfully argued that although every woman has at some moment dreamt of having a husband to herself, social exigencies do sometimes force women to resign themselves to polyphony.” (Ouedraogo 2003, p. 64).
Keywords: Letter, Second, Wave Feminist, Novel
AN ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS UNDERLYING THE LOW PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN POLITICS IN NIGERIA
ONYEMUZE BENJAMIN NDUNWELU
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi
The culture of patriarchalism and gender discrimination in the Nigeria political sphere has given concession to under-representation and indolent participation of women in politics. The participation of women in politics is not proportionate to the 50% of the nation’s population which they represent and has not translated into equal representation in political leadership positions. The goal 3 (to promote gender equality and empower women) of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other international clarion calls for bridging the gap created by long-term discriminations against women and making women visible in politics made Nigeria to recognize women in the political sphere, and include them in both appointive and elective positions. Yet, there persists poor participation of women in politics and the number of women in political positions in Nigeria is growing at a slow rate despite efforts to change such trend. Using secondary sources of information, this paper, examines the challenges Nigerian women still face in active participation in politics such as discriminatory socio-cultural and religious practices; lack of finance; under-representation of women in governance; unhealthy political environment; political party discrimination; wrong perception of women in politics; lack of family, fellow women and media support; indigenization of women political aspirants; among others and recommends measures to guarantee womens’ active participation in politics in Nigeria such as review of discriminatory practices; economic empowerment; support from family, fellow women and media; equal representation in governance; healthy political environment; proper perception of women in politics, among others.
Keywords: Women, Political participation, Discrimination
MODERATING EFFECT OF BOARD FINANCIAL EXPERTISE ON IMPACT OF AUDIT QUALITY ON THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF QUOTED OIL FIRMS IN NIGERIA
NUHU OTARU ISAH
School of Business and Management Technology, Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic. Bali Taraba state.
Current study aims to provide empirical evidence regarding the impact of audit quality characteristics (audit independence, audit size, and joint audit) on the performance of listed oil and gas firms financial performances. The paper also focuses on the moderating effect of board financial expertise on the impact of audit quality on the performance of financial performance. This study was executed on 7 oil and gas firms listed in the Nigeria capital market over the period 2011-2020, resulting to 70 year-observations. Using pooled panel data regression with the aid of STATA 11 statistical package, the results indicate that audit size has positive and has significant influence on return on asset in the Nigerian listed oil companies and between audit independence and return on asset in the Nigerian listed oil firms. The study recommends that audit firms with good reputation should be engaged by firms to audit their financial statement in view of bringing out the best in them as shown in this research.
KEYWORDS: Audit Quality, Financial Performance and Nigerian listed Oil Firms
IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FISCAL AUTONOMY ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THREE SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF GOMBE STATE
Department of General Studies, the Federal Polytechnic Kaltungo, Gombe state, Nigeria
The study focuses on the link between local government fiscal autonomy and rural development, the effect of local government fiscal autonomy on rural development and to investigate the extent at which poor capital funding has affected the rate of rural development; empirical evidences from three selected Local Government Areas of Gombe State. The research utilized both primary and secondary data. The primary data were collected through questionnaire from a sample of 130 staff out of the total population of the staff of the local government. The respondents were selected using stratified random sampling technique in which the total number of staff in the local government was put into consideration before final selection using simple random sampling. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design method. Data were obtained through the administration of 400 copies of a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire in three-selected local government councils in Gombe state, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics as well as the KruskalWallis H test were the analytical techniques adopted. The study reveals a consensus in the different occupation/workgroups, i.e., that financial autonomy accelerates rural development in Gombe state local governments. The result suggests that local councils will be better positioned to contribute to the national economy if their resources are managed with little or no interference from the state government. The paper recommends the enactment of legislation that will give autonomy to local governments to generate and manage their financial resources without undue meddling by other tiers of government, and hence, engender better service delivery and rural development.
Keywords: Fiscal; rural development; autonomy; local government and statutory allocation
THE LIFE, TIME AND CONTRIBUTION OF SHAYKH MUHAMMED KAMALUDEEN AL-ADABIY TO KNOWLEDGE, A TENTATIVE SURVEY AND REFLECTION ON HIS BIOGRAPHY AND CONTRIBUTION TO MODERN ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN KWARA STATE 1905C.E TO 2005C.E
*KAMALDEEN SOFIYULLAHI KAMALDEEN; **MUSA, TAJUDEEN; & ***JAMIU, MAHMOOD SULEIMAN
*School of Law, Shariah Department, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal, Studies Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria. **Department of Religions, History and Heritage Studies, Kwara State University, Malete Kwara State, Nigeria. ***School of Education and General Studies, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal, Studies, Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria.
This study examined the life, and work of shaykh muhammed kamaludeen al-adabiy to the development of modern Islamic Education in kwara state, Nigeria. The study adopted a historical research design. The study was guided by Four research question. Demographic profiles of the 145 respondents in the study, were male and female teachers of schools established by Shaykh Kamalud-deen which included his family, and members of Ansarul Islam Society. The analysis of data collected were analysed using frequency and percentage statistics and variance (ANOVA) were used to analyse the bio data and answer research question. From the result of the findings, it is recommended that students should be encouraged to study Islamic education to the university level and Government should come to their aid by improving standard of modern Islamic education in Kwara State, through training of teachers, adequate finance and collective monitoring.
Keywords: The life, Time, Tentative survey, Modern Islamic Education and Al-adabiy
SYNTACTICO-PRAGMATIC EVALUATION OF MOURNING EXPRESSIONS IN OKE-OGUN AXIS OF OYO STATE
ADESOPE, D.A & ALAWIYE, A.R.
General Studies Department, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki.
Competence and performance in a language by the user of that language remains two parallel lines which have never converged together in the user. But no matter the level of any of them in the user, context concretizes and reserves the lexico-linguistic authority of meaning interpretation, evaluation and revalidation for effective communication. That is why the Systemic functional linguistic preserves meanings to the reality in the society that operates the language. Using this as a background, this study looks at the syntactico-pragmatic evaluation of mourning expressions in Oke-Ogun axis of Oyo state. After gathering appropriate data (i.e, mourning expressions) through oral interview, the data were subjected into Systemic functional analysis in an attempt to determine whether there can be instances of contextual relative importance of the analyzed data in the studied region (i.e, Oke-Ogun axis of Oyo state). The findings show that the use of mourning expressions transcends the sentential formality of Systemic, ordinary phrases communicate the needed condolence messages, use of imperative sentences as greetings as well as prayers, canceling of speaker-hearer linguistic choice status and lots more. The study concludes that the use of context to ascertain the understanding and effectiveness of messages in communication is the only way to determine the aesthetic beauty of the language.
Keywords: context, systemic, pragmatics, syntax, mourning expressions.
EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON SERVICE DELIVERY IN NIGERIA
*SAIDU SANUSI IBRAHIM; *ATIKU ABUBAKAR IDRIS; & **HUSSAINI ADAMU HUSSAINI
*Department of Crime Management, Federal Polytechnic, Kaltungo, Gombe State – Nigeria. **Department of Crime Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Gombe State – Nigeria
Over the years, successive Nigerian governments have made numerous attempts to combat corruption at various levels of governance in order to enhance service delivery and improve the quality of life for the populace. The reason for this relentless effort is the detrimental impact corruption has had on meeting the needs and aspirations of the people. Corruption has created an unfavourable environment that hampers the government’s ability to provide essential services such as quality education, reliable electricity, healthcare, well-maintained roads, access to clean water, infrastructure development, and basic necessities of life. Scholars have identified several forms of corruption prevalent in Nigeria today, including bribery, fraud, and embezzlement, and extortion, abuse of power, conflicts of interest, favouritism, and nepotism. To achieve effective service delivery, it is crucial for the government to re-evaluate its strategies, mechanisms, and practices in combating corruption. This requires a comprehensive approach that addresses the root causes of corruption and implements measures to prevent and punish corrupt practices. This paper adopts a functionalist perspective to examine the effects of corruption on service delivery in Nigeria. Through content analysis, relevant literature on corruption and service delivery was reviewed. In conclusion, the paper recommends that the government should declare a state of emergency on corruption and initiate policy reviews that strengthen the fight against corruption. Additionally, regular town hall meetings should be organized to raise awareness among the public about the negative consequences of corruption and foster a culture of transparency and accountability.
Keywords: Corruption, Service Delivery, Social Amenities.
THE DILEMMA OF ADMINISTRATING BENEFIT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES UNDER PENSION COMMISSION (PENCOM)
School of Business and Management Technology, Department of Accountancy, the Polytechnic Bali. Taraba State.
Employees and retirees are always in the dilemma of how pension system in Nigeria works, thus eager to know the essentials of a pension. Pension is a workers entitlement not a gift from government purse. Therefore they need clarification on how pension fund can be accessed at retirement period swiftly without hitches. Pension Commission (PENCOM) scheme was established in order to assist workers to save for the future and to provide income security and assurance for a comfortable retirement. However, there are unanswered questions as regards to what hinder PENCOM from conveniently satisfying its core objective as retirees cried out heavily against the system. This study focuses on government employees domiciled in Taraba State specifically tertiary institution. A total of 347 questionnaires were administer of which 240 were retrieved. The methods of data analysis was chi-square. The results show that that there are hindering factors that deterred employees from registering in government bond and the changes of employees place of work makes impossible and smooth administration of PFA. The research recommends that, employees should open retirement savings accounts with pension fund administrators of their choice to enable them save towards their retirement and our financial system should be restructured and strengthened to make it more stable, sustainable, simple, transparent and safe.
Keywords: Pension Commission, Administrating, Hindering Employees
INTER-AGENCY COLLABORATION AND COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER ACJA: ROLE OF THE POLICE AND THEIR INTERFACE WITH OTHER STAKEHOLDERS IN ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN NIGERIA
ANIEKAN J. MENDIE
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Abuses such as unlawful arrest, detention, torture, inhuman and degrading treatment of persons perpetrated by stakeholders, including the police in course of administration of criminal justice appeared to have exposed the inexplicitness, incomprehensiveness and lacunae that existed in the body of criminal procedure law in Nigeria. These abuses, which list is not closed, informed the enactment of Administration of Criminal of Justice Act, 2015 (ACJA). This Act is an adjectival law with detail provisions seeking to ensure a humane and human rights-friendly approach for administration of criminal justice. Concerning abuses in the criminal justice system, the police has been the most criticized agency of government in Nigeria. This is because the criminal procedure law including Police Act places the police to play a leading role regarding criminal justice delivery, but the experience was not that of effective and efficient justice delivery, rather perpetration of various forms of human rights abuses. Thus, examination of role of the police and other stakeholders in the administration of criminal justice under the new Act (ACJA,2015) is the central concern of this paper. Doctrinal approach is therefore adopted in looking at relevant principles and issues arising within the topical coverage of this paper. Relevant provisions of ACJA, 2015 and other related statutes are content-analyzed with respect to the role expected to be played by the police and other stakeholders to ensure efficient criminal justice delivery. In conclusion, a recommendation is made among others, that the police and other agencies in the criminal justice sector should cooperate, coordinate and collaborate for effective and efficient criminal justice delivery, respectful of human rights of persons.
Keywords: Police, Role, Inter-Agency Collaboration, Law, Criminal Justice
THE FEMALE PROTAGONIST AS NATION BUILDER IN CHINUA ACHEBE’S ANT HILLS OF THE SAVANNAH
OKORO HENRY OKECHUKWU
Department of Languages, Federal Polytechnic Oko Anambra state
This study discusses the portrayal of the female protagonist, Beatrice, as a nation builder in Chinua Achebe’s “Anthills of the Savannah.” The floundering of post-independent African nations is an offshoot of the failure of devoted engagement of the task of nation-building by post-independent African leaders, thus bringing in its trail tremors, corruption, poverty, oppression, exploitation, dictatorship and underdevelopment. Characteristically, in his allusive and suggestive language which challenges the reader to make discovery through self-examination and reflective thinking, Achebe beams light on the flawed approach to nation-building by post-independent African nations coupled with a panacea in Anthills of the Savannah. Towards a stable and developed post-independent African nation (typified by Kangan) using the post-colonial theory in the textual analysis and explication of Chinua Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah, this research sees Beatrice the female protagonist who has moral, intellectual and mythical capabilities as a nation-builder equipped to develop and defend the post-colonial identity and dignity, reverse the downward developmental trend and arrest the progressive degeneration in the task of nation-building in post-independent African nations. Through Beatrice character, Achebe challenges traditional gender roles and demonstrates that women can be powerful agents of change in their communities and countries. Beatrice’s unwavering commitment to justice and her willingness to risk everything to achieve it make her an essential character in the novel and a role model for women everywhere. This study concludes that Achebe’s portrayal of Beatrice highlights the importance of women’s contributions to society and their potential for nation-building.
A SIGNIFICANCE OF MODULATION ANALYSIS IN REPETITION OF THE SELECTED POEM OF SHEIKH NASIRU KABARA KANO (KU’USUL HUBBI)
القيمة الموسيقيّة للتكرار في نونية الشيخ محمد الناصر كَبَرَ “كؤوس الحب” “دراسة أسلوبية”
*YUSUF ALIYU MUSA; & **SUNUSI BALA MUHAMMAD
*يوسف علي موسى و **سنوسي بَلَا محمد
*A.D. Rufa’i College of Education Legal and General Studies, Misau Bauchi State. **Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsinma Katsina State
*كلية أحمد الرفاعي للتربية والقانون والدراسات العامة، مِسَوْ ولاية بَوْشِي **كلية عيسى كَيْتَا للتربية، دُوثِمَّا، ولاية كَتْشِينَه
The paper is made to concentrate on the main Content of the selected Arabic poem of minstrel Muhammad Nasiru Kaba one of the Arabic poems writers in Kano, the paper has been introduced to appraise the degree and level of modulation significance, production in one poem of sheikh Muhammad Nasiru Kabara “Ku’usul Hubbi”, and also to appraise the Arabic Literature with regard public Researchers in poems of Shaihk (Muhammad Nasiru Kabara). The paper also looks at the phenomenon features of the poem such as the repetitions. The paper has been divided into sections. Section one covers the introduction, Section two discussed the life History of Shaihk, Section three exposed the poem, Section four listed modulation definitions, Sections five and six focused on the analysis, of deferens repetitions on Arabic context of the Sheikh. Section seven the conclusion tried to summarize the main features of what has been discussed in the research, finally, the list of references observes in the article.
AN APPRAISAL OF MWAGHAVUL NEGATION
GUNGRET ANDREW DAWET; & CHUKWUEMEKA CHRISTIAN OKORIE
The Federal polytechnic Damaturu
This study appraises negation in the Mwaghavul language – a Chadic language of the Afro-asiatic phylum mainly spoken in some parts of Plateau State, Nigeria. The study explores the syntax of negation within Chomsky’s Principles and Parameters (P&P) framework. The data for the study were elicited from six (6) informants who are native speakers of the language in its natural linguistic area through face-to-face interaction. The analysis shows that Mwaghavul uses different negative markers in declarative sentences and imperative sentences – ‘bà…ka’ and ‘tajì…ka’ respectively, both used to enclose a sentence or phrase. ‘Bà’, which appears at the sentence initial position of assertive sentences is optional in actual speech, thus, its omission does not affect the grammaticality of a sentence. ‘Kas’, which appears at the sentence final position in imperative sentences is also optional as its omission does not also affect the grammaticality of a sentence in actual speech. Lexical items are negated in the Mwaghavul language by a morphological process known as affixation. The prefix ‘chiin-’ or ‘chii-’ is added to a root word to negate it, and the two prefixes used in negating lexical items in the language cannot be used interchangeably, as where one is used the other cannot be used
Keywords: Negation, Mwaghavul, Principles and Parameters, Sentence, Lexical Items