TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND ANTHROPOLOGY (TIJSSRA)
VOL. 12 (6) FEBRUARY, 2023. ISSN: 2977-5745
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE NATIONAL GAS POLICY (2017) AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF STRONG LINKAGES WITH ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GAS SECTOR IN NIGERIA
CHUKWUWINKE SMART MOKUYE
Department of Public Administration, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
The gas and electric power sectors can be described as inseparable duo as long as the latter continue to generate from gas-fired (thermal) generation plants. Out of the six generation companies – Afam, Egbin, Kainji, Shiroro, Ughelli, Sapele, Shiroro and Kainji are hydro powered while the rest four are thermal which are gas-fired. By implication, natural gas is a major factor in power generation in Nigeria. Therefore, the supply of gas to these power stations goes a long way to determining the quality in standard of electric power supply in the country. Therefore, for the development of a gas-based industrial economy, the establishment of a linkage of the gas and electric power sectors is indispensable. The article examines the NGP (2017) provision for this linkage, critically assesses the extent of implementation, and interrogates how this standpoint may serve as catalyst for the realisation of a gas-based industrial economy in Nigeria. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection were utilised. Questionnaires were administered, in-depth interviews conducted and personal observations also used. Secondary sources were books, published journal articles, internet sources, among others. The data was analysed using descriptive and content analyses. This study was anchored on the Systems Theory to indicate that both the gas and electricity sectors are systems having sub-systems represented with their value chain arrangement in such a manner that each of them and even the gas and electricity sectors are dependent variables on each other. The study findings revealed that, the four major generation companies and several other NIPP plants scattered all over the country owe their operation at full capacity to adequate supply of gas. The paper concluded that an attempt at solving the electric power generation, transmission and distribution problem should by necessity begin with what is happening to the supply of natural gas to the thermal plants.
Keywords: Natural gas, Electric power sector, thermal plants, Generation, Hydro plants, NEP (2003), NGP (2017), NGMP (2008)
EDUCATION AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: CASE SUTY KAFUR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KATSINA STATE
*DR. ADAMU MOHAMMED; **AKILU MIKAILU; & **ABBAS ILIYASU WALI
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State. **Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Katsina State
This paper investigates the impact of level of education on political participation in Northern Nigeria, taking Kafur L.G.A of Katsina State as a case study. Many literatures relating to the concept of education and political participation have been reviewed with the intent to bridging the gaps these literatures could not bridge. Based on the data systematically collected from the field, the paper concludes that there exists a relationship between level of education and political participation. Similarly, the research discovers that other factors, apart from education e.g. the existing socio-economic condition of the people influences their willingness to participate in politics. The paper finally offers some recommendations on how to address problems related to education and political participation.
Keywords: Education, Political Participation, Northern Nigeria, Kafur, Katsina.
AN EXPOSITION OF THE LEGAL IMPACT OF BREXIT ON NIGERIA-BRITAIN INVESTMENT RELATIONS
LATEEFAT ADEOLA BELLO
Department of Commercial Law, ABU, Zaria.
This United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union popularly referred to as Brexit has had significant impact on the legal landscape governing the investment relations between Nigeria and Britain. New trade and investment agreements have been put in place to maintain the current level of trade and investment between the two countries, but businesses may face challenges as they adapt to the new legal framework. In addition to the legal implications of Brexit on trade and investment, there have also been concerns about the impact on migration, the financial services sector, and data protection. Overall, Brexit has had a significant impact on the relationship between Nigeria and Britain, and businesses operating in both countries will need to be mindful of the legal changes that have occurred. The approach of this paper is to analyze the British- Nigeran relationship in the context of what it was? What it is? And; what should be the fulcrum for investment post-Brexit? This paper adopts a doctrinal approach in its elucidation of primary and secondary materials and recommends that the relationship between the two countries should be treated as a golden opportunity for Nigeria to secure better access, greater protection, and more aid from Britain and for Britain, to use its independence from the EU as a vista of opportunity for Nigeria and other Africa countries to leverage especially in the area of technology. This is in view of the impact of technological advancement on the general landscape of investment bringing about twists in the way of doing business which will invariably affect the interplay of Brexit – Nigeria’s investment relations.
MENTALLY ILL OFFENDERS VIS-A-VIS INVESTIGATING THE CHALLENGES OF ADMISSIBILITY OF OPINION EVIDENCE IN NIGERIA
DR AUGUSTINE U. AMADASU; & ENAKIRERU ERIC OMO (PhD)
Department of Jurisprudence and International Law, College of Law, Western Delta University, Ogharra, Delta State, Nigeria
In cases requiring abstruse or technical knowledge which are outside the knowledge and understanding of the court or jury, opinions of those deemed knowledgeable in those faculties are often sought. This is in consonance with the rule that the testimony of experts constitute exception to the generally accepted rule that when a court is to form an opinion on a relevant fact in issue, opinions of other persons are irrelevant and inadmissible. But the judiciary has maintained a skeptical and cautious attitude toward the admissibility of opinion evidence of experts. This stems from the controversial and conflicting testimonies of experts. This paper appraises the admissibility of opinion evidence as it concerns mentally ill offenders. It presents various legal commentaries and judicial decisions on the concept – both expert and non-expert opinion evidence. The paper distinguishes between professional witnesses and expert witnesses. The paper also states that the courts have often favoured traditional methods of assessing culpability of the mentally-ill offender. It concludes however that the courts have often rejected opinion evidence of experts because of the unreliable and conflicting testimonies of psychiatrists and other experts – regarding such testimonies as probative, advisory, not essential and do not tie the hands of the court.
EFFECTS OF SERVICE CHARGE ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT IN SELECTED MULTI-TENANATED COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS IN PHASE ONE, ABUJA
FATIMA MOHAMMED; & RUKAYYAT ADEOLA OGUNBAJO (PhD)
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
This paper assessed effects of service charge administration and management in selected multi-tenanted commercial buildings in phase one Abuja. The study was guided by these objectives which were investigating issues and challenges involved in the administration and management and assessing the occupant level of satisfaction. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire and interview from eight (8) respondents from managers and 254 from tenant’s perspective respectively. Data was analyzed and presented using percentages, frequencies, relative satisfaction index and tables. Findings revealed that lack of transparency, lack of efficiency; improper accounting and poor facilities are the issues encountered. Howeve, the relative satisfaction index computed to show the satisfaction level of the occupants ranked Plumbing services 1st with relative satisfaction index of 0.7772, Cleaning of common services 2nd with relative satisfaction index of 0.718, refuse disposal 3rd with RSI with 0.653 while transformer maintenance has relative satisfaction index of 0 and ranked 13th. A number of guidelines should be taken in order to address the problems identified above which include Improved communication between manager and occupiers, clear disclosure of the basis for apportioning service charge costs between tenants among others.
Keyword: Service Charge, Management, commercial buildings, Relative Satisfaction Index
APPLICATION OF GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES IN ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF ARTISANAL AND SMALL -SCALE MINING ON LAND USE AND LAND COVER OUTLOOK IN KEANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
MADAKI, J. A1; SULEIMAN Y. M.; YAHAYA, T. I1.; & WAZIRI, N.M2
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. Nigeria
Human socio-economic activities, the connection between human population growth and mineral resource exploitation have caused significant variations and jeopardized the land use/cover change (LUCC) sustainability of the city area. Land cover is the natural or basic elements of the environment that link and impacts many parts of the local, regional and global levels of the environment. This paper assessed the effects of artisanal and small – scale mining on the Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) in Keana, Nasarawa State. Specifically, the objective of the study entailed a time series analysis of LULC between 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 using LandSat 4 TM, 7 ETM+ and 8 (OLI) to quantify the various land use categories, percentage change. Major land use classes used to determine changes in land use/cover area built-up area, vegetation, farmlands, mining pits and water bodies. These were classified using the maximum likelihood classifier. Results obtained are summarized using descriptive statistics and presented in tables and charts. The results show that major changes were observed in built-up area, mining area and farmland land use and land over categories. Findings shows an upward trend in built up areas from 96.24km2 (9.07%) in 1986 to 242.82km2 (22.89%), mining areas increased from 1.07km2 (0.10%) in 1986 to 22.08km2 (2.08%) in 2016. However, farmlands declined from 506.16km2 (47.71%) in 1986 to 484.55km2 (45.68%) in 2016. It is concluded that land use and land cover changes as well as uncontrolled mining activities contribute to the existing environmental deterioration in the study area. sensitization should be initiated by MMSD, NGOs and Town Planning agency to educate mine stakeholders and the communities on the dangers of environmental degradation. Therefore, there is need to implement and enforce sustainable mining methods, effective monitoring of mining activities through strict adherence to the country’s EIA standards and proper management of land resources.
KEYWORDS: Artisanal, Land Use and Land Cover, Remote Sensing, Geographic Information System, Landsat image, Artisanal, Small –Scale, resources
MENTORING OF NEW ENTRANT LECTURERS BY ACADEMIC HEADS FOR EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IN THE UNIVERSITY: IMPLICATIONS FOR GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
*LOVE EFFIONG EBUK; & **MARIA OWAN AFU
*Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. **Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
The paper is on mentoring of new entrant lecturers by academic heads for effective instructional delivery in the university: implication for guidance and counseling. The researchers set three research questions to guide the study. Survey research design was used for the present study. The population of the study was twenty (20) lecturers (some ad-hoc staff) and six (6) Heads of Departments (HOD) from the Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. The sample of the study was the twenty (20) lecturers sampled by purposive sampling technique. These lecturers were used to assess the six (6) Heads of Departments (HOD) in the Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria. The research questionnaire was validated by experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. The reliability of the study was carried out by conducting a pilot study, Combrach alpha analysis was applied to obtain the reliability index of 0.76. Mean statistics was used to analyse the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that: academic heads did not mentor new lecturers for effective instructional delivery. Base on the findings the researchers recommended that the university management should organize training and seminars for the heads of departments on mentoring so that they can help academic staff in instructional delivery.
Keywords: Mentoring, New Lecturers, Academic Heads, Instructional Delivery, Guidance and Counselling
COUNSELLORS PERCEIVED CAUSES, CONSEQUENCES AND COUNSELLING STRATEGIES IN REDUCING TEENAGE PROSTITUTION IN ANAMBRA STATE
NWOBI NGOZIKA .L.; UZOEKWE HELEN .E.; OJO TAIWO; & MOKWELU BLESSING .U.
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Nnamdi Azikiwe, University, Awka.
This paper focused on the causes, consequences and counselling strategies in reducing teenage prostitution in Anambra state. The study adopted a survey research design. Three research questions guided the study. A total of 160 guidance counsellors were used for the study. The whole population served as sample. Questionnaire titled ‘’ Causes, Consequences and Counselling Strategies in Reducing Teenage Prostitution Questionnaire’’ was used in collecting the data. The questionnaire is made up of 34 items with reliability estimate of 0.88 while administration of the instrument was done on face to face. Data collected was analyzed using arithmetic mean. The findings indicated that maltreatment, vulnerability among others cause teenage prostitution while the consequences include poly-victimization and cumulative trauma, poor school performance, health problems among others. Effective counselling strategies include cognitive restructuring, implementation of sex education, abstinence among others. Based on the findings it was recommended that counselling, encouragement of abstinence, introduction of sex education in the school curriculum among others should be emphasized.
Keywords; Teenage, Prostitution, Maltreatment, Runaway, Sexuality education, Counselling.
RELIGION AND PARENTAL OCCUPATION AFFECTING CAREER CHOICE OF ADOLESCENT STUDENTS IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA
JOSEPH ADENIYI KOLAWOLE; & DOLAPO PETER OLAGOKE
Library, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji – Arakeji, Osun State
This study focuses on religion and parental occupation in South-West, Nigeria. It examines the effect of religion and parental occupation on career choice of adolescent students with particular reference in South-West community in Nigeria. The South-West people are predominantly Christians and Muslims with some people still practicing Traditional African Religion (ATR). Despite the religion and parental occupation perspective followed by the people they are committed to their faith, religious activities and practices. The religious commitment provides focus for adolescents selecting profession through which their career choice is developed. The religion and parental occupation commitment translate to career commitment resulting to career choice success. A correlation research method was used while 15% representing 1,920 SS 3 students out of 14, 414 adolescent students were used from 48 public secondary schools in South-West, Nigeria. The survey instruments titled “Demographic information, religion factors, parental occupation and career choice questionnaire (DIRFPO-CCQ) were administered. Data generated were analyzed using frequency, parentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson moment correlation and regression analysis. The findings revealed that religion (r =.514, P(.000)<.01), sex (r=.673, P(.000) <.01), and parental occupation (r =.501, P(.000) <.01)were strongly and positively related with career choice of adolescent students. Findings also revealed that demographic information significantly influence career choice of adolescents in South-West Nigeria.(r2 = 0.281, adj R2= 279, F = 254.541, P(.000) <.05). It concluded that religion is an element of culture, the practice of religion should be given more attention in public schools, and hence its practice influences other aspects of life such as occupation, career choice and human profession.
RELIGION, EDUCATION AND LAW: PILLARS OF THE SOCIETY
PROF. ’DEJI OLANREWAJU, PhD; DR. ADEMOLA TAIWO, PhD; DR. ADEYEMI OYEDELE OMODELE, PhD
School of Law and Security Studies, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State
Religion, education and law are the building blocks of any sovereign state. Their importance cannot be overemphasised in every human life. The trio are interrelated and function distinctly to make the society habitable for human beings. The paper focused on religion, education and law as pillars of the society. Religion is the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods; education is the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. It facilitates learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals and habits while law is a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behaviours with its precise definition a matter of long-standing debate. Law ensures that the society is always at peace. There are different types of religion, which included but are not limited to Christian, Islamic, Judaism and traditionalism. Religions preach peace globally but there are religious crisis in some part of the globe. Education is the bedrock of civilisation and globalisation while law checkmates wrong doings in the polity. Without religion, education and law, the society will be porous. Unity theory of Aristotle is adopted for the study. The paper concluded that if not for religion, education and law the society would not be habitable. There would be anarchy in the society. It is recommended that every parent should send their wards to schools for education and knowledge, people should choose a religion of their choice and that everybody should abide by the law of the land.
Keywords: Religion, education, law, globalisation, pillars, development, peace.
ASSESSMENT OF PRINCIPALS ADMINISTRATIVE LEADERSHIP SKILLS INFLUENCE ON TEACHERS JOB EFFECTIVENESS SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABULLAHI GALLE1; DR BALA SANI ABDULLAHI2; YUNUSA SAIDU3; & SULEIMAN MUHAMMED MAINOMA4
1Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2&3Department of Educational Foundations, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 4Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
This study investigated assessment of principals’ administrative leadership skills influence on teachers Job effectiveness senior secondary schools in North Central, Nigeria. Two research questions with its corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The study employed descriptive survey design, the population of the study consist all 14,111 principals and teachers from public senior secondary schools in the North Central State in Nigeria and 720 principals and teachers were used as a sample size of the study through lottery method of simple random sampling techniques. The instrument for data collection entitled ‘‘Principals’ Administrative Leadership Skills on Teachers Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (PALSTJEQ) was used for data collection. PALSTJEQ was validated which gave 0.82 validity index and 0. 80 reliability index. PALSTJEQ was administered by the researchers and data collected were analyzed, using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answered research question while pair t-test was used to test hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. The finding revealed that, there is a significant influence assessment of principals’ administrative leadership skills on teachers Job effectiveness and there is no significant influence assessment of principals’ administrative leadership skills on male and female teachers Job effectiveness in North Central State of Nigeria. Based on the findings of this study, the following are recommended: To ensure that principals apply good administrative leadership skills in their daily routine, school management should design and apply some instrument for periodical appraisal of teachers’ job effectiveness among others.
Keywords: Principals, administrative, leadership skills, teachers, Job effectiveness
SCHOOL LEADERS APPLYING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AS A PANACEA TO EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS FOR ACHIEVEMENT OF OBJECTIVES AND GOALS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, FCT, ABUJA
HAUWA MOHAMMED (PhD); & LOVE EFFIONG EBUK (PhD)
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
The researchers wrote on school leaders applying educational planning as a panacea to educational problems for achievement of objectives and goals in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, FCT, Abuja. Two (2) research questions were raised and survey research design was used for the study respectively. The population of the study was eleven (11) principals in senior secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council FCT, Abuja. The sample of the study was eleven (11) principals, got from using purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire prepared for the study was “School Leaders Applying Educational Planning for Achievement of Objectives and Goals (SLAEPAOG)”. The instrument was validated by experts in the Department of Educational Management, University of Abuja, Abuja. The reliability of the instrument was carried out by conducting a pilot study where the instruments were administered to four (4) respondents, data were collated and test-retest method of reliability was used to obtain the internal consistency. The reliability index of 0.75 was obtained. The mean statistics was used to analyse the research questions. The findings obtained were that; school leaders were faced with various types of problems in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council and that they did not apply educational planning techniques to alleviate these problems. Based on the findings of the study the researchers recommended that the school leaders should be trained to apply educational planning to solve secondary schools’ problems.
KEYWORDS: School Leaders, Educational Planning, Educational Problems, Achievement, Objectives and Goals.
BANDITRY, DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AND INTERNAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF KADUNA STATE. 2014-2021
MUKHTAR USMAN LIMAN
Department of Social Sciences, College of Administrative Studies and Social Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
CHALLENGES OF SECURITY GOVERNANCE IN AFRICA: THE 21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE
*LADAN OZAYASHI NASIRUDEEN; **AHMED EGYE; & **ZHEBAGO EMMANUEL PETER ***AHMED GAMBO
*Department of Local Government Studies, Mustapha Agwai 1 Polytechnic, Lafia. **Department of Public Administration, Mustapha Agwai 1 Polytechnic, Lafia, Nasarawa State. **Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja.
For several decades, security has been a major issue in Africa in view of the continued human brutality, pogroms, genocide, terrorism, civil wars, and inter-ethnic conflicts that have continued to be recorded in the continent. Since the 1980s, the continent has continued to record unprecedented violence of various kinds. The state in Africa has become incapacitated as it continues to find it difficult to generate the fundamental conditions for meaningful human survival. Generally, governance is described as the overall integrative efforts of individuals who have either been elected or appointed to carry out the aims for which the modern state has been set up. Through governance, those who occupy the machineries of government are bound to the pursuit of those policies that can impact on the lives of the masses. The theoretical framework adopted for study is Booth’s world system theory. Methodologically, the study adopted descriptive and analytic approach. Data for the study was sourced through the secondary means of data collection. The focus of the study is on challenges of security governance in Africa: the 21st century experience. The study reveals that bad governance, inter-ethnic conflicts, and corruption have remained major challenges to security governance in Africa. The study argues that the non-rethinking of security issues to significantly address the basic needs of the average African has remained a major threat to Africa’s security. The study recommends a pragmatic change and refocusing on security issues in Africa to arrest the bottlenecks militating against security governance in Africa.
Keywords: Governance, Security, Africa, Leadership, Corruption.
IMPLICATIONS OF APPLICATION OF THE LAW OF DEFAMATION IN SOCIAL MEDIA INFORMATION DISSEMINATION
BANJO, A. O. PhD; & DOKUNMU, O.O.
Department of Mass Communication. The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro.
Many people have been given the ability to voice their thoughts through social media platforms, however many of these people are unaware of the laws or ethics that govern how they convey their so-called viewpoint, or the consequences of sharing material without legitimate facts. This has resulted in a situation in which information on social media platforms cannot be trusted or assumed to be accurate the majority of the time. In this vein, the goal of this study is to determine how the law of defamation can be effectively applied on social media platforms to curb the attitudes of people who disseminate information without understanding the implications and consequences of their actions. The research also looked into possible defamation defenses. The study was based on the framework of two theories: information manipulation theory and ethics theory, and it used a mixed-method technique to collect the requisite data, which was descriptive and content analysis in nature. The descriptive component of the study was conducted using the survey technique of research, and the content analysis employed data on social media, defamation legislation, and diffusion of information. Courts of law can now adapt to the new realities of social media and defamation once the cases have been proven, and people who make defamatory statements about others can now be prosecutedfor their comments, which may affect not only the authors of such posts, but also those who disseminate defamatory claims or information.
Keywords: Information, Social media platforms, defamation, audience, comments, shared information
UNREGULATED ILLEGAL FISHING IN THE GULF OF GUINEA AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC SECURITY: AN INTERROGATION
DR DANLADI E. BOT & JOSEPH E. AKE
National Defence College Nigeria, Abuja
Unregulated, illegal and unreported fishing has been undermining maritime security especially for vulnerable coastal nations in Africa. This is particularly problematic for the Gulf of Guinea region where millions of people directly depend on fisheries for their livelihoods. Drawing on primary and secondary data, this paper reveals the extent of unregulated and illegal fishing practices, noting that their operational synergies and impact are a threat to the regional economic security of the Gulf of Guinea. The paper also finds that, corruption, low investment in the maritime sector, lack of completion of maritime limitation zones for some countries in the region, and complicity of local authorities, amongst others, have exacerbated the situation. From the point of view of this research, efforts towards curbing unregulated and illegal fishing in the Gulf of Guinea region must recognize the complexity of the phenomenon and therefore adopt a region-wide coordinated coastal-area fisheries management initiative and planning framework that would be appropriate to enhance the capacities of states in regulating the reaping of marine life in the region.
Keywords: Africa, Economic Security, Gulf of Guinea, Illegal & Unregulated Fishing
THE EFFECT OF KANO-KADUNA HIGHWAY ON POVERTY REDUCTION: STUDY OF KURA COMMUNITY IN KANO STATE-NIGERIA
*ABARSHI MUSA YUSUF; & **BOBAI FRANCIS DANJUMA
*ATAP, p.m.b 094, Bauchi. **Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology P.M.B. 1145 Zaria
Road transport infrastructure development is very important in facilitating economic activities in every nation. This study paid attention to the impact of the Kaduna-Kano highway on poverty reduction for those engaged in economic activities in the Kura community of Kura Local government area of Kano state. A Structured questionnaire was used to generate the data used while simple descriptive statistics such as tables, graphs, and the Forster-Greer Thorbecke Poverty Index were used for the analysis. The study discovered that over 50% of the respondents were into farming, trading, artisan, drivers, Okada riders and private employment, petty trading, and public employment respectively was high. However, the study further revealed that over 86% of those engaged in economic activities in the study area were living above the poverty line. The study found out that the majority of these respondents about 48% owned the houses they are staying, 51% of them were living in houses built with cement blocks and 51.8% used a better sanitary condition system. In conclusion, the passage of the road in Kura community had a positive impact which also resulted in poverty reduction for community members engaged in economic activities. It was recommended that policymakers in Nigeria should start thinking of constructing the road in communities based on developmental rather than political purposes because road transport infrastructure development in communities serves as an economic agent in reducing poverty and insecurity.
Keywords: Economic Growth, Highway, Poverty Reduction, Kura Community and Multidimensional Welfare Index
INVESTIGTING SERVICE QUALITY IN A SAFARI TOURISM DESTINATION “X” TOWARDS ATTRACTING REPEAT VISITS
SANUSI ABUBAKAR SADIQ; & DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU
Department of Tourism Management Technology, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Service quality is a key in maintaining visitors in a destination or influencing repeat visit as a result of certain level of satisfaction during their stay. This study investigates the role service quality play by exploring the kinds of services offered in relation to interaction, destination environment and outcome qualities. Name of the destination was purposely hidden and represented by “X”. Mixed method was adopted using 60 respondents derived from 2 categories – the personnel and the visitors of the safari tourism destination “X” to obtain their views. Descriptive statistics was used to obtain the average mean of the variables on the subject. A 5-point Likert scale was constructed and then applied to the entire dataset of the variables. Chi-square test was engaged to compare observed results with expected results. Destination “X” laid less emphasis on understanding of visitors’ travel behaviour and their specific travel motivations; inadequate qualified rangers, untrained staff, poor/ lack of motivation and insufficient equipment are among the challenges facing the destination. Surprisingly, variables that are highly associated with service quality such as catering services, conference, events appeared to be insignificant on kinds of services offered. It is important for tourism destination “X” to understand the travel behavior and visitors’ motivation, as it could assist in product development, improved marketing strategies, enhanced service delivery approaches and creates a competitive advantage.
Keywords: Service quality, Satisfaction, Motivation, Visitors, Travel behavior.
PHONOLOGICAL AND GRAPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF OLU’FUNMI OSATO-OSAWAYE’S UNTANGLE
ATTAH, MARYAM PETER
Department of English, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Phonological and graphological analysis of Olu’Funmi Osato-Osawaye’s Untangle was carried out. The objectives of the research are to identify the various phonological and graphological devices used, classify the devices into these two levels of language and explain the effect of the devices on the style of the content in the novel. The study follows the Hallidayan (1985) grammatical model as a theoretical framework. The data for the research was obtained from the first three chapters of each part (parts one – part three) of Untangle by Osawaye. The data collected from thirty-four (34) pages were, thus, presented. The study revealed that alliteration, assonance and rhymes were dissected at the phonological level to distinguish the articulating sounds. Lastly, the novelist used italicization so profoundly at the graphological level, some of which express thoughts, soliloquies, non-English words, and rhetorical questions. The employment of these tools in the analysis of literary text seems to enhance a better understanding of such text and the author.
Keywords: Phonological level, Graphological level, Language Levels, Style, Stylistics
عمر بن الخطاب و إنجازته في أيام خلافته
UMAR BIN AL-KHADDAB AND HIS ACHIEVEMENTS AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH)
RABI’U UMAR YUSUF; MUJTABA SHEHU; & ABDURRAHMAN DAHIRU BELLO
School of Arts, A.D Rufa’i College Of Education, Legal And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
This paper is an attempt to study the life time of the second Caliph of the Prophet peace be upon him, Umar bin al-Khaddab. The main focus of the study is centered to his days of leadership, his style of leadership, his achievements as a Caliph and the level of Islamic development during his turn. His policy of administration and legacies he left behind are some of the areas of concern for this limited research
KEYWORDS: Umar, Successor, Achievements, Caliph, Prophet
THE USE OF LANGUAGE IN ÀFÀÌMỌ̀ ÀTI ÀWỌN ÀRÒFỌ MÌÍRÀN BY AKÍNWÙMÍ ÌṢỌ̀LÁ
MRS BÁMGBÓṢÉ ỌMỌ́BÓNÌKẸ́ BỌ́LÁJÍ
School of Languages, Yoruba Department, Ọ̀ṣun State College of Education, Ìlá-Ọ̀ràngún
Language is the emblem of human creativity, expressiveness and the unique distinguishing feature between human beings and other animate creatures. “The most important single item that distinguishes the real artist from the highly competent is the use of language in the poetry. This is because it is one thing to have the competence, but another to perform, in language use. The way the poetry is put down matters a lot. Language is a vehicle used to convey the needed message to its destination. The research methodology employed is a purely descriptive one that is corpus study and content analysis of the selected poetry with the collation of data from scholarly works, periodicals and magazines. Based on this background, it is pertinent to thoroughly look at the use of language in Àfàìmọ̀ àti àwọn àròfọ mìíràn. In the poetry the poet Akínwùmí Ìṣọ̀lá prove himself to be adequately proficient Yorùbá language user through the use of Parallelism, Repetition, Imagery, Euphemism, Word Play, Simile, Metaphor, Personification and Rhetoric question.
Keywords: Parallelism, Repetition, Imagery, Rhetoric question, Simile, Language.
THE DIALECTAL DIFFERENCES OF JUKUN LANGUAGE: AN OVERVIEW OF TARABA STATE
YAKUBU ISHAKU MAAJI
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bali. PMB 05 Bali. Taraba State
This research examined the “dialectal differences of three “dialectal differences of three dialects, Wukari, Takum and Donga. The research showed that differences in three dialects were caused by migration, isolation, intermarriage, and influence of neighbouring languages, and they also have similarities in certain lexical items, these make the dialects mutually intelligible. The research has five headings in which the first one deals with the introductory aspect of the research including the historical background, geographical location of the Jukun people, aims and objectives as well as the scope and delimitation. The second heading focuses on the review of related literature. The third one deals with language and dialect, the origin of dialect, types of dialect and theoretical framework. The other one is the summary and conclusion of the research work and bibliography, finally the appendix containing data collected.
Keywords: Dialect, Variation, Lexical, Phonological and Semantics
POLITICAL PARTY SYSTEM IN FRANCE: LESSONS FOR NIGERIA IN THE CONTEXT 2023 GENERAL ELECTIONS
DR OKOLO CHRISTOPHER CHUCK
Department Of General Studies, School General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, PMB 0231 Bauchi, Bauchi State.
French today are governed by a constitution which was adopted on 28 September 1958 by a vote of all adult inhabitants of France, including Algeria, and the French Union, in a national referendum. The decision to conduct the referendum was taken by General de Gaulle’s government on 26 August 1958. Nationwide propaganda was conducted for and against the constitution by 23 approved political parties and groups, and in the result the constitution as submitted to the voters by the government was approved by an overwhelming majority. It is equally of note that in the politics of France since the French Revolution of 1789 there has hardly been any form of political consensus, an ability to agree on the fundamentals of her political system. Multiple parties is the key to the understanding of French politics. It explains the short-lived, weak coalition cabinets, the dominance of the legislature over the executive, and the practical necessity under which cabinets were placed to win votes by granting favors to individual deputies. The paper examines the French as against the Nigeria system and concludes that Nigeria can learn from the French in terms of ideological formation, political party and membership structure, gender targeting and state funding of political parties.
Keywords: France, Nigeria, Political party System, Constitutional development
CLIMATE CHANGE AS A TRIGGER TO SEASONAL VARIATION EFFECTS IN LAKE CHAD REGION BORNO STATE NORTH-EAST NIGERIA
*A. N. DOGO; **M. H. IBRAHIM; ***Z. BAYERO ALIYU; ****MAZLINI ADNAN; & **NOR KALSUM MOHD ISA
*Department of Geography, School of Social Sciences, Umar Ibn Ibrahim ElKanemi College of Education Science and Technology, PMB 16 Bama, Borno State Nigeria. **Department of Geography, Faculty of Human Sciences, University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim Perak, Malaysia. ***Department of Mass Communication, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, BOSU PMB 1122 Njimtilo, Kano Road Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria. ****Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science Mathematics, University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim Perak, Malaysia
This study is to look at climate change as a trigger to seasonal variation effects in Lake Chad region, Borno state north-east Nigeria. The objectives were to: examine whether climate change is a trigger to seasonal variation in the Lake Chad region Borno state Nigeria, , measure the effects of climate change on seasonal variation in the study area, use some weather parameters to see the relationship with increasing latitude; The data used in this study were generated from primary; the primary source include the administration of questionnaires to 252 respondents, to assessed the effects of climate change on seasonal variation in the study area, Journal articles, Conference proceedings and papers, Books, Maps and other relevant sources were all consulted to have related information’s on the effects of climate change on seasonal variation in Lake Chad region, Borno State north-east Nigeria; Few Possible recommendations were made for future studies.
حركة الجمع والترجمة في الكوفة والبصرة
TRANSLATION AND COMPILATION OF ARABIC LANGUAGE IN KUFA AND BASRAH
MUHAMMAD BELLO IDRIS
School of Education, A.D.R College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This paper is an attempt to study and explore the historical development of the art of translation in Arabic language and the language compilation in the areas known as Kufa and Basra in the present day Iraqi land. The paper further dig into to the geneses of Arabic grammar, its origin and the main factors that motivated its emergence in the early days of its development.
Keywords: Translation, Compilation, Arabic, Kufa and Basrah.
HARNESSING THE POTENTIAL OF NIGERIAN PIDGIN TO SERVE AS A TOOL FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION
IBRAHIM, MUSTAPHA AFOLABI; AUTA, IBRAHIM KANYA; & KAJINYANA, JOSEPH AYEACE 3
Department of English, Kebbi State Polytechnic, Dakingari
This paper critically examined the issues surrounding the choice of an indigenous language(s) as Nigeria’s national language, and resolved that provided focus remains on the indigenous languages, the national language question will continue to linger in the Nigerian linguistic space in spite of the provisions in the language policy. It argued that Nigerian Pidgin is a language capable of not only being the national language for Nigeria, but has all the potential to serve as a unifying factor and a major tool for enhancing national integration in a nation so divided along ethnic lines. It concluded that seeing as Nigeria’s national language issue may never be peacefully resolved in favour of an indigenous mother tongue due to the multiplicity of languages and the deep affinity that their speakers have with them, the Nigerian government should consider recognizing, standardizing and adopting Nigerian Pidgin as Nigeria’s national language and as the language for instruction and research.
Keywords: Nigerian Pidgin, national language, indigenous languages, multilingualism
PEOPLE’S AWARENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICIES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SABON GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE
IDRIS, RAKIYA KABIR; AKILU SULEIMAN; & ALI IBRAHIM MACCIDO.
Department of Geography, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Environmental law is a collective term encompassing aspects of law that provide protection to the surrounding, The sample size for this research was two hundred (200) respondents from the selected individuals in the community; the instruments used for data collection are questionnaire and interview methods. The method used in analyzing the data was the simple mean and percentage which involves the use of presenting data in a tabular format and then calculated in percentage form. The Likert Scale of ranking order using a 4-point of Strongly Agreed (SA), Agreed (A), Strongly Disagreed (SD) and Disagreed (D) was employed. The mean for every item was computed as (4,3,2,1)/4= 2.50. Hence, the items with mean exceeding 2.50 are accepted while those below 2.50 were rejected. The result shows that majority of the respondents are literate in which 42% of them have attained tertiary education only 8% of the sampled population have no formal education, The result further indicates 42% of the respondents disagreed that authorities have established guidelines on waste disposal and collection in Sabon Gari while 12.5% strongly agreed. It is recommended that police and judiciary should take their roles seriously on environmental management and government should mount strategic environmental campaigns to raise public awareness through the various existing media.
Keywords: Awareness, Laws, Policies, Waste, Environment.
LEGAL ISSUES IN JOURNALISM AND ENVIRONMENT AS A CRIMINAL ACT IN COMMUNITIES OF LAKE CHAD BORNO STATE NORTH EAST NIGERIA
*DOGO A. NGARE; **Z. BAYERO. ALIYU; ***A. ALI. MODU; & ****F. A. AHMAD
*Department of Geography, School of Social Sciences, College of Education Science and Technology, PMB 16 Bama, Borno State Nigeria. **High Court Borno State Judiciary, Borno State, Nigeria [Department of Mass Communication, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, BOSU PMB 1122 Njimtilo, Kano Road Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria]. ***High Court Borno State Judiciary, Borno State, Nigeria. ****Department of Sociology, Centre for Human Resources and Development, College of Education Science and Technology, PMB 16 Bama, Borno State Nigeria
This study was to assess the legal issues in journalism and environment as a criminal act in communities of Lake Chad Borno State, north east Nigeria. The objectives were to: examine legal issues as a profession, identify the nature of environment where this profession is been practiced, document the nature of criminal acts committed by journalist in the study area Lake Chad communities; Data for the study were obtained from secondary source, secondary data include research projects, dissertation, thesis written by previous scholars, books, articles, journal, Judicial briefs and proceedings and data from media houses and individual practitioners, the generated were analysed using simple tables and percentages to assess the evidence of those acts in the study area. Few Possible recommendations were also made for the future.