TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY (TIJSRAT)
VOL. 8 (9) FEBRUARY, 2022 EDITIONS. ISSN: 2623-7861
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
IMPACT OF CYBER SECURITY ON POLICE INVESTIGATION OF CRIME IN KADUNA STATE
SULAIMAN USMAN DAN-GHANI; SAHALU BALARABE JUNAIDU; A. A. OBINIYI; & MUSTAPHA AMINU BAGIWA
Department of Computer Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Cybercrime has become widespread in a variety of industries, including banking, educational institutions, and social media networks, to name a few. Nigerian police have the constitutional authority to prosecute cybercrime, but the main problem is that there is no cyber security apparatus to assist in the investigation. The effect of cybersecurity on police investigations of crime in Kaduna state was investigated in this paper. Research questions and a descriptive survey were used in the study. This was based on primary data collected through a standardized questionnaire. The Taro Yamen formula was used in this analysis, and the population of the study included 197 and 132 sampled data. The findings revealed that there is a substantial correlation between cyber security and tracing of internet fraudsters in Kaduna state, as well as a notable correlation between cyber security and internet crime detection. According to the results of the investigation, Nigerian police should use the cybersecurity mechanism to significantly reduce crime.
Keywords: Cybersecurity, Fraudster, Cybercrime, Warfare, Kaduna
THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE ON SPECIES DISTRIBUTION AND REPRODUCTION IN BRYOPHYTES
BARTHOLOMEW OLUFEMI OGUNBIYI
Department of Plant Biology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Bryophytes are non-vascular plants capable of colonizing nearly all conceivable habitats and their occurrence varies with ecological zone. Despite the widespread distribution of bryophytes, little is known about the effect of climate on their distribution and reproduction. The study investigated the impacts of climatic factors on species distribution and reproduction in bryophytes. The distribution of bryophytes were monitored in their natural populations across the study areas where their samples were carefully removed from their underlying substrata and each sample was kept in an envelope, labeled and brought to the laboratory for observations, identification and reproductive studies. The results showed a total of 22 species of mosses and liverworts widely distributed on various habitats. The bryophytes reproduced sexually, asexually and vegetatively with maturation cycles of the mosses studied began earlier than liverworts in response to early rain during the period of study. The findings of this study suggest that the climate of the sites in the present study cannot be considered harmful for bryophytes but rather has temperature and water availability that relatively favour the growth and reproduction of bryophytes.
Keywords: Mosses, liverworts, maturity indices, rainfall distribution.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC ETERMINANTS OF UNMET NEED FOR FAMILY PLANNING IN CRISIS-AFFECTED STATES OF NORTHERN NIGERIA
*ADEGOKE ADEMOLA ADEBAYO; & **ADEGOKE OLASUPO MODUPE
*Department Of Demography & Social Statistics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State **Department Of Computer Science, Joseph Ayo Babalola University
This study was carried out to determine the socio-economic determinants of unmet need for family planning in crisis-affected states of Yobe, Benue, Kaduna, Zamfara, Borno, Plateau, all in Northern Nigeria. These states had been affected heavily by insurgency and banditry and is still a major challenge to the country. The target population is 15-49 years from the Nigeria Demographic Health Survey (NDHS) data of 2018. The weights provided by NDHS 2018 were used with a weighted total of 41, 821 women covered and 8, 846 women sampled. The socio-economic variables of education, state of residence, place of residence, occupation, religion, employment status, wealth quintile, partners’ education, women autonomy and access to media were the variables of target. Thus, the study concluded that while some socio-economic factors have influence on unmet need in these crisis-affected states of Northern Nigeria. This work concludes that employment status and education played a much more significant influence to the high rate of unmet need in these states.
Keywords in this Study: Unmet Need for Family Planning, Family Planning, Banditry, Insurgency, Socio-Economic factors
RADIOACTIVITY STUDIES IN SEDIMENT OF AJIWA DAM, KATSINA STATE
*ZAHRADDEEN L. KAFINSOLI; & **SULAIMAN BELLO
*Department of Physics, School of Basic and Remedial Studies, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. **Department of Physics, Umaru Musa Ya’adua University, Katsina.
A radioactivity measurement was carried out in water sediments of Ajiwa Dam. The sediment samples were collected, prepared and analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) for the activity concentration of Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu and Pb. The results obtained shows average activity of Cr (1.69×10-6μg/L) and Zn (5.69×10-6μg/L) show the higher concentration followed by Cu (5.25×10-7μg/L) and Cd (7.50×10-8μg/L). the concentration of metals recorded in this study were lower than USEPA guidelines for drinking water quality Zn (5000μg/L), Cu (1300μg/L), Cr (100μg/L) and d (5μg/L). However Pb was found below the detection limit throughout the samples. The levels of Exping observed in order Cr>Cd respectively, while Cu, Pb and Zn were not detected. The mean levels of HQing was found to be 1.79×10-3, this indicates that the value found to be below the unity HQing>1. The average CDI values for selected metals (Zn, Cu, Cr, and Cd) were 1.78×10-7, 1.65×10-8, 5.327×10-8 and 2.355×10-9respectively, therefore CDI indices for heavy metals in the study area were found in order; Zn>Cu>Cr>Cd.
KEYWORDS: Radioactivity, exposure, sediment and Ajiwa Dam.
EFFECT OF VIDEO-TAPED INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ON BASIC SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN BASIC TECHNOLOGY IN IKORODU, LAGOS, NIGERIA
FALADE, AYOTUNDE ATANDA (Ph.D); & ABD-EL-AZIZ, ADEKUNLE A. (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Technology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
The study investigated the effect of videotape instructional package on basic school students’ performance in basic technology in Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria. It further investigated the gender differences in the performance of the subject. Twenty upper basic school students were randomly selected from two basic schools in Ikorodu. Each school was assigned to experimental and control groups respectively. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. The researchers developed video- taped instructional package on basic technology was used as treatment for the experimental group. While the control group had the traditional method. A 30-item Basic Technology Performance Test (BPT) was the instrument used to collect data for both the pretest and posttest. The instrument was prepared by the researchers and duly validated. The data collected were analyzed at 0.05 significant level using statistical measures of means, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). From the analysis of data, it was discovered that students taught with videotape instructional package performed better than those taught with conventional method. Also, it was discovered that there was no significant gender difference in the performance of students taught using videotape instructional. From these findings, the implications to education in Nigeria were highlighted. It was concluded that the use of videotape instructional package in teaching enhances effective learning and better performance.
Keywords: Videotaped, Instructional Media and Gender
POPULATION GROWTH MODEL TO PROJECT HUMAN POPULATION IN NIGERIA
1OGUNJOBI, EYITAYO OLUWOLE; 1ODUSINA, MATTHEW TAIWO; & 2ADEOTI, OLUWOLE A
1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Adeseun Ogundoyin Polytechnic, Eruwa 2Department of Food Science and Technology, The Oke – Ogun Polytechnic, Saki.
Nigeria population size is a question of considerable important and interest. The main objective of this study was to carry out a population projection for Nigeria. Population growth model are used to calculate population growth rate between 2022 population and 2045 population. Calculated growth rates were then used to predict figures based on the states of the federation. The projected provincial population shows that, Central Province population is set to increase from 4.5 million in 2010, to 5.1 million in 2015, to 5.7 million in 2020, to 6.3 million in 2025 and 7 million by 2030
Keywords: – Population, Absolute Population Growth Projection, Growth rate, Relative Growth and Arithmetic Population Growth
ANALYSIS RESPONSE OF EEG SIGNAL TO DIFFERENT GENRE OF MUSIC
YUNUSA M. A1, AGABI P. I1, G. N. JOLA1, C. S. ONATE1, ADEBAYO A2, A. ABDULRAHMAN2
1Department of Electrical Electronics Engineering Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2Department of Computer Engineering Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
In this work the electrical activity in brain known as electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is being analyzed to study the various responses of music on the human brain activity due to different genres of musics. The effect is in the form of variation in either frequency or in the power of different EEG bands. An EMOTIV EPOC is being used to extract brain signal with high transfer rate as well as good SNR. This thesis focused on three types of brain waves which are theta (4-7 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta wave (13-30 Hz). The analysis is carried out using Power Spectral density (PSD), transfer function and difference equation. The outcome of this research depicted that high amplitude Alpha and low amplitude Beta wave and low amplitude Alpha and high amplitude Beta wave is associated with melody and rock music respectively meanwhile theta has no effect. High power of alpha waves and low power of beta waves that obtained during low levels of sound (Melody) indicate that subjects were in relaxed state. When subjects exposed to high level of sound (Rock), beta waves power increased indicating subjects in disturbed state. Meanwhile, the decrease of alpha wave magnitude showed that subjects in tense. Thus the subject’s executional attention level is determined by analyzing the different components of EEG signal.
Keywords: EEG signal, Alpha wave, EMOTIV EPOC, Beta wave
BIOGAS PRODUCTION USING SUGARCAIN BAGGAGES AND FRUIT PEELS MIXED WITH COW DUNG
GAMBO J. B.; MAMOON M. A.; & AYIS, F.E.
Department of Applied Biology, Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna State, Nigeria.
The overdependence on fossil fuels as primary energy source has led to global climate change resulting in droughts, devastating hurricanes, diminishing ozone, and human health problems. Investing in biogas as a clean, renewable energy source is the way of the future. Biogas production is a process which occurred in the absence of oxygen. Several microorganisms are involved in the degradation of the organic compound and release of methane gas. The Biogas production potential of sugarcane baggages and fruit peels mixed with cow dung were investigated. Production of biogas was carried out using anaerobic digester for 12 days. The volume of gas produced was determined by taking the reading of the water displaced in an inverted measuring cylinder. The total volume of gas produced from sugar cane was 1951cm3 with a pH range of 5.9 – 6.8 and temperature range of 250C – 31.60C while fruit peels mixed with cow dung had a total biogas volume of 1600cm3 with pH range of 5.4-6.3 and temperature of 260C – 290C. The morphological and biochemical characteristics of bacterial isolates obtained from sugarcane baggages and fruit peels digesters includes Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtillis, Streptococcus bovis, Escherichia coli, Yersinia spp Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacterium spp and Clostridium spp.
Keywords: Biogas, production, digester, characteristics and degradation
CONTRIBUTIONS OF MASS MEDIA TO AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND TRAINING OF CROP FARMERS IN OSHIMILI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
1CHUKWUKELU, IFEANYI. SAMUEL, 2EDET, EYO, 2ROLAND OSAGIE OMOREGBEE AND 2CHUKWUKELU, UCHENNA KINGSLEY
1Departmemt of Agricultural Education Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State. 2National Productivity Centre Calabar, Cross River State
The study examined the contribution of mass media to the productivity and training of crop farmers in Oshimili North Local Government Area of Delta State and specifically, to determine how effective mass media is in the dissemination of agricultural information to farmers and the factors hindering the effective use of mass media in the dissemination of agricultural information to farmers. 25 farmers each from four (4) farming communities were selected using a simple random sampling technique given a total number of respondents of 100. Data was collected for this study via the use of a structured questionnaire administered to the crop farmers in the study area. Frequency count and mean were used to analyzing data collected from the field survey. A mean of 2.5 and above indicated the most effective of opinion while a mean less than 2.5 indicated rejection of opinion. It was concluded that radio, television, telephone, print media, and the internet are available to mass media in the study area, but the radio was most effective. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommendations The government should encourage the use of radio and television in educating and training the farmers in the study area using the local language with an adequate announcement before the broadcast and the unstable electricity supply should be improved significantly if mass media is to perform its roles effectively.
SOLVING THE PROBLEMS OF E – LEARNING ASSESSMENT WITH CLUSTERING METHOD
1CHRISTIANA N. ANUJEONYE; 2CHINAGOLUM. I. ITUMA (PhD); 3CHINWE.G. EZEKWE (PhD); 4C. ELOM; 5A ODUMA; 6NWELE ANAMELECHU OGAI; & 7CHRISTIAN IKENNA ITUMA.
1Department of Computer Science, Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba, Nigeria, 2Department of Computer Science , Ebonyi State University, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, 3Department of Software Engineering, Admiralty University of Nigeria, Ibusa, Nigeria, 4Department of Education Foundations, Alex Ekwueme Federal University , Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, 5Department of Business Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, 6Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria and 7Department of Technology and Vocational Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
E-learning has become a reality which it is impossible to ignore now, especially in this break out. The need to know about its concerns, related concepts, skills, tools, implementation, deployment and evaluation have motivated many researchers. It also seems reasonable to expect, that researchers will rate the computer as the greatest invention in human history in terms of facilitating global communication. New ICT terminology now dominates the world, including e-commerce, e-government and e-learning. E-learning assessment is process of assessing teaching and learning activities in the e-learning system. It is the technique of assessing the achievement of the learner after the teaching and learning process takes place either in the classroom or the internet. It consists of questions that will cover the objectives of the content of the lesson covered within a specific period. Assessment is one of the integral parts of the educational system all over the world and it plays a vital role in students’ learning progress. This is achieved through different means of assessments which will be added together to achieve effective results in student learning progress. However, it has been observed that students who have undergone e-learning programme just read for grade at the end of the semester thereby lacking learning progress monitoring during the course of study. Most under-graduate and post-graduate modules are fully online but only few numbers of Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) are delivered online. E-learning assessment is a means of assessing students’ learning outcomes in e-learning system and most existing systems are based on summative assessment which assess students only at the end of the semester but this assessment system using clustering method of data mining and formative assessment mechanism will significantly improve students’ learning experiences and achievements.
THE RATE OF HIV INFECTION BETWEEN MOTHERS TO CHILD TRANSMISSION IN SPECIALIST HOSPITAL BAUCHI
JAPHET JONATHAN MAGANI; AND HAMISU IDI
Department of Mathematics and Statistic Federal Polytechnic Bauchi,
This study “the rate of HIV Infection between mothers to child transmission” was carried out to assist to government, NGOs, corporate bodies to know if the effort geared toward reducing the rate of HIV infection among babies born to HIV positive mothers within Bauchi metropolis by the year 2025 and to know the significant relationship between the genders. The research covered the infection of HIV among children aged 0 – 2 years. In this study the data was obtained from medical records library, specialist hospital Bauchi for the year 2012 – 2020. The method used is documentary and it is a secondary data. The time series, regression and correlation methods were used to analyze the data. Based on the analysis, it was found that the rate of HIV infection among children is increasing each year. The fitted model is Y = 57.6 + 14.1t, and was used to obtain the trend line. 5 years prediction was made using the above model. There is a significant relationship between the genders as r = 0.890 which means no gender is more easily infected with the HIV virus instead, they have equal chance of infection in both sex. It was recommended that government should collaborate with NGOs, religious and traditional Leaders, communication and information involving sanitation public centre and sensitization on preventing of mother to child transmission of HIV. Government and NGOs should educate women on the need of HIV counseling and testing during ANC and Delivery in other to know their status in time to prevent their baby from infection. Seminars and workshops should be regularly carried out in order to update the knowledge of HIV infection on unborn babies among the health personals.
KEYWORD: HIV Infection, Mother to Child, Transmission, Specialist Hospital Bauchi.
A CASE FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION IN MITIGATING INSECURITY IN NIGERIA
1MATHEW, BOLAJI A., 2AGENYI, RACHAEL M., 3ABUH, SIMON J. & 4LEO. BAYIM O.
1Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, Nigeria 2 & 4 Department of Chemistry, Nigeria Army College of Education, Ilorin, Nigeria. 3Department of Biology, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, Nigeria
The insecurity challenge in Nigeria has assumed a formidable dimension that not only requires a multi-stakeholder approach, as it is being touted in various quarters, in quelling this conflagration threatening Nigeria’s statehood, but also necessitates a revival and reinforcement of Ethics of Science Education and virtues. In addition, the democratic system in place must begin to deliver the needed social goods so as to improve the standard of living of Nigerians and deliver many citizens from the state of absolute poverty to which they have been subjected for a long while. The thirst for blood and the preference for violence in expressing pent-up frustration and disenchantment with the state, its citizens and national totems may be a pointer to the need to inculcate science education as core in all human endeavor, particularly to revive the moral sanctity, values and virtues within the socioeconomic, political, religious and that science education should be entrenched in the school curriculum and made compulsory from the basic education level in Nigeria.
Keywords: Education, Insecurity, Science, Ethno-religious
INFLUENCE OF NUTRIENT SOURCES AND VARIETY ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)
GAMBO, M1, HARUNA, Y1. BARAZA, S.A1, A.A. MAHMUD1, YUNUSA, M.M1., GAYA, B.H1. SHUGABA, Y.A1. ABBA-AJI, A.A1.
1Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
A experiment was conducted at Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi (10o22’N and 9o47’E), in the northern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria, during the rainy season of 2018 to study the influence of nutrient sources and variety on the growth and yield of sorghum. The treatment consisted of four nutrient sources (chicken feather, mineral fertilizer, municipal waste, poultry manure) and control and two varieties of sorghum which are (CSR-01 and SK-5912), these were factorially combined to give 10 treatment combinations laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and replicated three times. All data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was adopted in separating the means. The result of the experiment indicated that no significant (P≤0.05) difference observed throughout the study period with regards to the varieties used, but there is a significant (P≤0.05) difference among the nutrient sources. The result further revealed that application of 30kg/ha NPK was found to be significantly (P≤0.05) better than other nutrient sources. Based on the finding of this experiment, nutrient source can be used as a means of improving soil condition for sustainable sorghum production.
Keywords: Influence, variety, nutrient, growth, yield.
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BUTTER FROM SHEA NUT
1.MUDI K.Y, 2.MUDI A.T AND 3.JIBRIN W.
1,3Department of Chemical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic. Kaduna. 2Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
This paper is aimed at the extraction and characterization of shea butter from shea nut. The oil was extracted by solvent extraction method using hexane as the solvent. Statistical analysis using ANOVA was used to test the significance of the extraction process parameters such as temperature, time and particle size on the yield of the oil. The results showed that an optimum extraction temperature (74.3 oC), time (74.23 min) and particle size (0.29 mm) gave an optimum yield of 49.575%. The extracted oil was characterized by testing the physiochemical properties and the results revealed tha density (0.938 g/cm3), specific gravity (0.94), melting point (33 oC), refractive index (1.48), iodine value (43.5 mg/kg), saponificatioin value (191.4 mgKOH/g), peroxide value (8.88 meq/kg), acid value (4.91mgKOH/g), pH (6.61), viscosity (81.97 cst) and free fatty acid (2.45%). These results compared favourably well with the acceptable standards for commercial oil. Furthermore, the compositions of the produced oil were verified using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The percentage compositions of the major fatty acid from GC-MS were benzoic acid (0.25%), ethyl oleate (8.40%), oleic acid (13.54%), stearic acid (11.92%), palmitic acid (20.36%), octadecanoic acid (11.38%), hexadecanoic acid (6.90%), 1,3-decaprin (5.18%), α-amyrin (4.71%), and vitamin E (4.05%). The results of both the physiochemical properties and GC-MS analysis revealed that the oil produced can be utilized commercially.
CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-OIL PRODUCED FROM VACUUM AND FAST PYROLYSIS OF RICE HUSK
ALFA, A.Y.; & YAKATUN., A.A.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
This paper reports a study of characterization of bio-oil produced from vacuum and fast pyrolysis of rice husk. Rice husk was characterized for proximate and ultimate analysis and the result indicates volatile matter of rice husk to be 70.66% with elemental compositions of carbon and oxygen as 42.68% and 42.41% respectively. Design expert software was used in planning the experiment to optimize process parameters such as temperature, particle size, retention time and N2 gas flow rate. The optimum conditions for fast pyrolysis of rice husk with maximum bio-oil yield of 62.8wt% were at the temperature of 6000C, N2 flow rate of 5 L/min, retention time of 60 min and particle size of 1.7mm. The optimum yield sample i.e. 1.7mm particle size was vacuum pyrolyzed and bio oil yield of 12.72wt% was obtained. The bio oils obtained at optimal conditions was characterized using GC-MS and FTIR to identify its compounds and functional groups. GCMS analysis of bio oils obtained from vacuum and fast pyrolysis showed a number of peaks with the compounds identified as acid derivatives, phenol derivatives, alcohol derivatives, furan derivatives etc. These studies have shown that rice husk can be used as a fuel and chemical feedstock.
Keywords: fast pyrolysis, vacuum pyrolysis, rice husk, bio oil, FTIR, GCMS.
EFFECTS OF NaOH TREATMENT AND FIBER CONTENT ON THE PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COCONUT FIBER REINFORCED POLYSTYRENE FOAM COMPOSITES
AKABE MOHAMMED1; DAHIRU AMINU; AND AJOGE HARUNA SANNI3
1 & 3Department of Chemical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, College of Agriculture, Jaligo. Taraba State, Nigeria.
The purpose of this study was to determine how coconut fiber content after treatment with NaOH affects the physical and mechanical properties of treated coconut fiber (TCF) reinforced polystyrene foam (PSF) matrix composites. The coconut fiber was treated with 20% sodium hydroxide before being used as reinforcement in the PSF. The treated coconut fiber and polystyrene foam loadings ranged from 0 to 50 weight percent (wt%) of coconut fiber and 100 to 50 weight percent of polystyrene foam, respectively. The key findings of this study demonstrated that as the coconut fiber content increases, the physical properties of the composites, such as density, water absorption, and hardness, increase linearly. With an increase in fiber content of up to 20 wt% TCF, the mechanical properties of the composites, such as tensile strength, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, and flexural strength, improve. So also, with an increase in fiber content, the percentage elongation at break of composites produced decreased. Composites containing 20 wt% treated coconut fiber had better fiber/matrix adhesion as well as improved physical and mechanical properties, making coconut fiber reinforced polystyrene foam composites suitable for built-up and engineering applications.
Keywords: Composites, Coconut fiber, Fiber content, polystyrene foam, Mechanical properties.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SUPERMARKET SALES AND PURCHASES RECORD SYSTEM FOR OPTIMUM TURNOVER
ADELEKE ISRAEL ADEWALE Ph.D
Department of Computer Science, EACOED, Oyo
This paper is basically designed to transform business transaction of any setup supermarket in provisos of sales and purchases of stock for the purpose of optimization. Meanwhile, the ultimate aspiration of every businessman is maximizing profit and minimizing loss. The system contained cash stock records which will give users prospect to add, delete, edit and update when necessary for optimum profit. Scripting Language which combined PHP and MYSQL software applications were employed as implementation system.
Keywords: Optimization, supermarket, business transaction, PHP and MYSQL
A SECURE USER METADATA INTRANET MAILING SYSTEM
MARYAM ABDULLAHI MUSA; MOHAMMED KABIR DAUDA; & ABUBAKAR UMAR
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi
The Intranet Mailing System is only useful within a company or organization. In today’s fast-paced society, where every qualified person is in desperate need of work, people join places and work at unusual hours. Because of the organizations shift schedules, it can be difficult for one shift’s employee to communicate with another shift’s employee. In these cases, Intranet Mailing comes in handy. If a firm has an Intranet Mailing System available to all of its employees, the system proves its worth. Employees can register and send emails to any other registered employee, making communication more efficient easier.
Keywords: Intranet, mailing, Employees, Organization, Metadata