TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FINANCIAL RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCE (TIJFRMS)
VOL. 10 (7) AUGUST, 2022 EDITION. ISSN: 2773-1040
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
“NOT EVERYTHING THAT CAN BE COUNTED COUNTS, AND NOT EVERYTHING THAT COUNTS CAN BE COUNTED”: WIDENING GAP BETWEEN SCHOLARS AND INDUSTRY PRACTITIONERS IN NIGERIA
AYOZIE DANIEL OGECHUKWU (PhD)
Department of Business Administration, Federal University Lokoja, P. M. B. 1154 Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria, [Box 129 Lokoja, Kogi State Nigeria, Post code 760901, Lokoja, Nigeria]
It has become a song in Nigeria’s academic word to either publish or perish”. This drives all faculty lecturers towards research and publication in reputable peer- reviewed “A star” journals, Most especially in the universities. where the value of the publication and research is respected, when it is in refereed “A” (4 star journals, preferably those which have achieved very high reputation. This paper is to examines the extent to which academic research papers must inform, educate, contribute to knowledge and entertain the practitioners who are engaged in practical’s, in either management or business work. “(industry practitioner)”. There are evidences in the western world of Europe, America and Australiasia in particular, and in Africa that Nigeria management and business journals are neither read nor recognized by the industry practitioners. This paper is a literature review and practical Research work therefore, recommends that a continuous practical interaction between the lecturers and practitioners is more rewarding, and let the Academic research works of lecturers be used by industry practitioners, and vice versa. The consequences for academics and other writers is that if their research papers are not read by practitioners in the particular subject area then there is no need writing them. We can use the research papers for professional career promotion in their place of employment, but should this be the only reason.? We must try to write and publish our papers to meet the demands of academically related journals and publications, which will enhance our careers and also to use other outlets that are likely to be read by the industry practitioners. It is a somewhat difficult, but not an impossible task. That if lecturers research writings must be useful, it must involve practical facts relevant to industry managers, or industry practitioners who will invariably alter their reading habits to accommodate research writings of le Managers must also contribute to research papers and journal articles, so as to make the journals attractive to bridge the marriage between the town and gown.
Keywords: Industry practitioners, Town, Gown, Academia Referred Journals, industry practitioners.
MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES (MNEs) AND HOST COUNTRY’S ECONOMY IN AN OLIGOPOLY MARKET: PERSPECTIVES FROM NIGERIAN TELECOMMUNICATION INDUSTRY
*ANTHONY A. IGWE (PhD); **DAMOLA L. ADEYEMO; & ***JOSEPH A. DADA (PhD)
*Department of Management, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Enugu Campus). ** Department of Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Enugu Campus). ***Department of Business Administration, College of Management Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, IKeji-Arakeji, Osun State
This study examined that contribution of multi-national enterprises to host country economy using Nigerian Telecommunication Industry as the study case. To achieve this objective a time series data were obtained from various government sources and annual financial statement of the selected corporation for the period 2006 to 2021. Both descriptive and econometric statistics of Vector Error Correction Mechanism were used to investigate the study objective. The result of the study showed that multi-national enterprises had contributed significant to economic growth in Nigeria. The study concluded that multi-national enterprises and economic growth in Nigeria were positively related. It was recommended that government should continue to make policy that encourage the flow of FDI into Nigeria.
Keywords: Multi-national Enterprises, Economic Growth, FDI, Employment
USING PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS FOR JOB CREATION AND ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION AND SELF-RELIANCE
DAHIRU ABDULLAHI DANASABE PhD
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai Niger State Nigeria
Physical Education teaching in our schools has faced serious challenges of misconception as to whether the subject is capable of providing career opportunity that will improve the life of an individual. Both parents have always been skeptical to allow their children to offer the course. This paper examine the Job opportunities available in Physical Education and sports as a field of study, The multiple career opportunities abound in physical education and sports has been extensively brought to light. It is recommended that the physical education curriculum should be diversifying, beyond teacher preparation, to encourage participation of those who do not have passion for teaching
Keywords: Job opportunity, Physical Education, sports,Eco Economic Diversification
SUCCESSION PLANNING AND SURVIVAL OF SMALL AND MICRO ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
EBHOTE OSEREMEN Ph.D; & VICTOR OSADOLOR
Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Arts, Management and Social Sciences, Edo State University Uzairue. Edo State.
The critical nature of succession planning for small and medium-sized businesses cannot be overstated. The effect of succession planning on the survival of small and micro businesses in Edo State, Nigeria, will be studied. The study collected pertinent data via survey. The population for this study comprises all small and medium-sized businesses in Edo State, Nigeria. Because the population is unknown (infinite) and the methodology is scientific, this study used Godden’s (2004) and Morgan and Krejcie’s (1970) sampling techniques to select a sample of 322 small and micro-enterprises. 322 small and micro-enterprises were selected for the survey from the state of Edo’s three senatorial districts. The study discovered a strong correlation between succession planning and the survival of small and micro businesses in Edo State. According to the study, small and micro-businesses should train future successors in the expertise required to run the business. It will help prevent the business from being taken over by incompetent or inexperienced successors following the death or retirement of a founder.
Keywords: Succession, planning, small, survival, Nigeria.
THE IMPACT OF THE RUSSIA-UKRAINE WAR ON THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY
Department of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management Science Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State
This study examined the impact of Russia Ukraine war on global economy and global institutions like the insurance industry; which was extended to the African and the Nigerian insurance industry. This is a qualitative research using mainly primary data for reviews. Data were also collected through the interview method from 25 insurance practitioners in Nigeria on the subject of investigation. These respondents were selected using the purposive sampling method. The results from the reviews and interview showed that the war would impact negatively economy and the insurance industry. The same should be expected to happen to the African and the Nigerian economies and their insurance industries.
Keywords Economy, Impact, Insurance, Ukraine, War
SHARE OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND STOCK MARKET VOLATILITY: THE NIGERIAN BANKING SECTOR IN PERSPECTIVE
ADAEZE N.O. ANUMBA; MURTALA ALIYU IBRAHIM; & ADAMU GARBA ZANGO
Baze University, Abuja
Every business organization has an important decision of making returns and this decision is important since the ability of a firm to make returns in this competitive environment determines to a larger extent its ability to survive in the future. The decision explains the structure of the share owners of the business. This study appraises the effect of share ownership structure on stock market volatility of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. The study adopts the expo-facto design as the study is focused on a statistical relationship between variables without the manipulation of the independent variable where ownership structure, ownership concentration of the firm and firm size were proxies for the independent variables and Total Annual Market Capitalization on the Nigerian Stock Exchange represented the dependent variable. The study employed Descriptive Statistics and the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method of Regression Analysis with the aid of EVIEWS 10 and the study found foreign ownership and ownership concentration have no significant effect on the stock market volatility of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria, whereas firm size is found to have a significant effect on the stock market volatility of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. The study recommends the need to encourage trading volumes by policy makers as the larger the size of the investor base, the more trading will occur, subsequently leading to larger volatility. This is because the volatility in stock returns will increase by the size of the investor base and accordingly more concentrated ownership will lead to lower stock return volatility.
Keywords: Stock market volatility, share ownership structure, bank performance
BOARD MECHANISMS AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF QUOTED OIL AND GAS FIRMS IN NIGERIA; THE MODERATING EFFECT OF BOARD OWNERSHIP
ABULAZEEZ ABUBAKAR; PROFESSOR AHMAD BELLO DOGARAWA; *DR SALISU ABUBAKAR; AND DR **NASIRU ABDULLAHI
*Department of Accounting, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria **Department of Banking and Finance, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
The study examined the moderating effect of board ownership on the relationship between board mechanisms and performance of quoted oil and gas firms in Nigeria for the period 2011 – 2020. The adjusted population of the study comprises of 8 firms which are arrived at using census sampling technique. Secondary panel data is collected form the annual reports and accounts of 8 quoted firms and analyzed using Fixed Effect multiple regression. The study found that board size has negative significant relationship with the performance of the firms. Also, the result of the analysis shows significant positive relationship between board independence, board ownership and performance of the firms. In addition, the result of the interactions between board size and board ownership shows positive significant relationship with performance of the firms. While the result of the interaction between board independence and board ownership has negative significant relationship with performance of the firms. In light of the study findings, it is therefore recommends that the quoted firms in the Nigerian oil and gas subsector should appoint an optimal number of directors on their boards since increasing the size causes decrease on their performance; however, increase the proportion of board independence since it enhance performance. They are also advised to encourage board ownership of between 11 – 12% on average of their total outstanding shares since its increase board monitoring capacity and performance; however discourage independent directors’ excessive ownership since it has significant negative effect on their performance.
Keywords: Agency Theory, Board Ownership, Oil and Gas Companies, Performance
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF TRAINING, EMPOWERMENT ON HUMAN RESOURCE IN PLATEAU POTATO FIRMS
Business Administration Department, University of Jos
Tradition demands that every organization must employ a high technique of developing the abilities and capabilities of their employees. Training and empowerment are used as independent variables to measure human resource management. While employee development is introduced as a mediator, employee satisfaction is considered as the dependent variable. To this effect, the paper aimed at investigating the impact of training and empowerment on employee satisfaction through development. The study is a quantitative that adopted the survey research design approach and the structured questionnaire was used as the survey instrument. The population of the study includes all the potato firms in Plateau State Nigeria. The study uses primary method of data collection. Data was analyzed using both SPSS 26 and PLS SEM data analysis software. Using regression analysis, the result of this study shows that there is a positive and significant relationship between training and human resource and also in development which mediates between human resource and job satisfaction. The finding also reveals that there is a negative relationship between empowerment and human resource. The study recommends that for companies to excel and add value to their nation economy there is need for them to invest more on training of their employees in order to develop their skills and knowledge of the job they perform.
Keywords: Training, Empowerment, Development, Human resources and Job satisfaction.
WORK ENVIRONMENT AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN IMO STATE MINISTRY OF WORKS, OWERRI, IMO STATE, NIGERIA
*RAYMOND NWAPI O.; *UBAH CHUKWUDI NELSON (Ph.D); & **ADIELE NNEKA J
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria. **Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri Imo State, Nigeria.
This work has examined work environment and employee performance using Imo State Ministry of Works as the focal point. The researchers used four objectives, four research questions and four hypotheses. In the methodology, survey research design was employed by the researcher and questionnaire served as the instrument of data collection. The study population made up of the entire management, senior and middle level staff in Imo State Ministry of Works which is 900. From that, 277 staff were sampled..,
SAVINGS AND LOAN RATES AMONG MEMBERS OF INVESTMENT AND CREDIT COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
MURITALA A. OLAOYE; AMINU LAWAL BARA’U; & BASHIR MMAMMAN
Department of Co-operative Economics and Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
This study examined the savings and loan rates among members of Investment and Credit Cooperative Societies in Kaduna state, Nigeria. The study specifically examined the socioeconomic characteristics of cooperative members in the study area, the rate of savings among members of Investment and Credit Cooperative Society, the rate of loans granted to members of Investment and Credit Cooperative Society and the factors that affect savings and loan rate of Investment and Credit Cooperative Society. Multi-staged sampling technique was adopted. Frequencies and simple percentages were used to analyze the respondent bio data while mean score was used based on the research questions. The researcher used a sample size of 201 members from six cooperative societies in the three senatorial zone of Kaduna State. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher based on the Likert 5-point was used to gather the data. Research results show that the savings and loan rates among members of Investment and Credit Cooperative Society are quite encouraging. And also different factors affect the rate of savings and loans granted to the members of Investment and Credit Cooperative Society. It was recommended among others that regular and proper auditing of cooperative books of records should be carried as at when due so as to produce financial information free from errors and omissions this will help to encourage saving habit and reduce loan defaulters. This can be done by carrying out regular auditing check on cooperative society’s record.
Keywords: Savings, Loan Rates, Members, Investment and Credit Cooperative.
ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS REQUIRED BY RETIREES IN PROCESSING TIGER NUT MILK FOR PRODUCTIVE LIFE AFTER RETIREMENT IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA
1ROLAND OSAGIE O, 2UGODIEGWU, EKENE.J, 3OKWU, GOODLUCK C., 4OKONKWO, MARTIN O. AND CHUKWUKELU, I. S.
1National Productivity Centre, Kogi State Office. 2,3&4National Productivity Centre,Imo State Office Owerri
The purpose of the study is to identify entrepreneurial skills required by retirees in processing tiger nut tubers into milk for productive life after retirement in Imo State. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The study was carried out in Imo State Nieria. The population of the study comprises of all the lecturers in the departments of food and nutrition/ food science technology in Federal university of Technology Owerri. Imo State University Owerri, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Alvan Ikeoku College of Education Owerri and home economics teachers in the 456 public secondary schools in Imo State. Simple random sampling techniques was used to select 45 lecturers and 105 teachers from schools in the urban areas of Imo state (Owerri, Orlu, Oguta and Okigwe). Data was collected with the use of a skill structured questionnaire tittles Entrepreneurial Skills in Tiger Nut Processing (ESTNPQ).The instrument consists of 9 skill items in planning,11 skill items in processing and 10 skill items in marketing of tiger nut milk, making it a total of 30 skill items. The questionnaire has four-point response options of highly require (HR) averagely required (AR), slightly required (SR),and not required (NR) with corresponding nominal value of 4,3,2 and 1 respectively. Three experts validated the instrument. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while the hypothesis were measured using t-test at 0.05 level of significance. Mean less than 2.50 was regarded as not required, while items with mean value of 2.50 and above are required.Findings indicates that retirees requires 9 entrepreneurial skills in planning for tiger nut processing enterprise,11 in processing tiger nut milk and 10 in marketing.The researchers recommended that the identified entrepreneurial skills should be developed as a training manual for vocational training schools in the State.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial, skills, retirees, processing tiger- nut,
THE EFFECT OF COMPETITIVE AGGRESSIVENESS ON THE SURVIVAL OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
YAKUBU YAHAYA Ph.D
Department of Business Administration and Management, School of Management Sciences, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Competitive aggressiveness has significant influence on firm performance more so for small and medium firms operating under globalization and internationalization and regional integration regimes. Globalization results in expanded markets, characterized by increased number of competition, and shrinking market size. This global competition, increasing interdependence, rapid technology development, unstable environments, and many other factors exerts greater pressure on small and medium firms accustomed to operating under a domestic market set-up. To overcome the challenges associated with globalization, eminent scholars in other parts of the world have recommended that firms adopt entrepreneurial orientation as a solution to the challenges brought about by globalization. It is on this basis that this study sought to determine the influence of competitiveness aggressiveness on the performance of small and medium enterprises in the information and communications technology sector. The study used descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, median and proportions using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24 and Microsoft Excel. Regression analysis and correlation analysis were used to determine the direction and strength of the relationship between the independent and the dependent variables.. The questionnaires were administered among the seventy (234) management staff members of the one hundred and seventy two (162) selected SMEs in Nigeria through purposive sampling method, and this was done personally by the researcher. Descriptive and inferential statistics was use to analyze and interpret the data use in this research. The study reveals that competitiveness aggressiveness is a major challenges that help SMEs to grow and achieve its stated objectives in global competitive environment The study sought to answer the question of what shaped competitiveness aggressiveness in SMEs in a developing country context and to answer the question of what contributed to performance for SME. The findings of the study revealed that competitiveness aggressiveness showed a positive but insignificant effect on the performance of manufacturing companies in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Competitiveness aggressiveness, Manufacturing companies, SMEs
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
ADEYEFA, FELIX ADEMOLA, PhD1; & ADEYEFA, OLUWAFUNMILAYO ADEUTI2
1Department of Accountancy, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Insurance and Risk Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
Small and medium enterprises in Ondo State have contributed immensely to the economy of the State overtime but some of these enterprises cease to operate after a while and most of those still existing are only struggling to survive. Therefore, this study sought to ascertain if financial management practices have effect on the growth of small and medium enterprises in Ondo State. Data were obtained through primary source with the use of questionnaire. The population for the study is 175 from which 121 respondents were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data obtained for the purpose of the study were analysed with frequency distribution table and Chi-square (X2) statistical technique. The study discovered that financing and investment decisions have significant effects on the growth of small and medium enterprises in Ondo State. Also, cash and credit management have significant effect on the growth of small and medium enterprises in Ondo State. The study therefore recommended that small and medium enterprises in Ondo State should employ qualified finance managers with special skills on the effective use of capital budgeting techniques in making the best choice of investment with high rate of return and low risk. It is also recommended that small and medium enterprises should establish optimum credit policies with well-spelt credit terms and collection policy to reduce credit risk.
Keywords: Financing decision, Investment decision, Capital budgeting, Credit risk, Credit policies
IMPACT OF ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
Department of Banking and Finance, School of Management Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Accounts receivable of a firm is a legally enforceable claim for payment from a business to its customers clients for goods supplied and or services rendered in execution of the customers order. The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of accounts receivable management practices on financial performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Nigeria. The target population will be 176 SMEs from manufacturing sector. The study applied both probability and non probability sampling procedures to obtain a sample of 121 SMEs required for the study. To achieve the objective of the assessment, primary data was gathered using questionnaires. Secondary data will be gathered from past published scholarly articles explaining theoretical and empirical information on the influence of working capital management on the financial performance of SMEs growth in manufacturing sector. Inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation coefficient will be use to analyze quantitative data. Pearson correlation coefficient will be use to determine the relationship between working capital management and financial performance. On the balance sheet, it is reported as a current asset and is considered part of an organization’s working capital. The foundation behind accounts receivable is a firm’s policies and procedures for sales. A system must be in place to track accounts receivable. This should include balance forwards, listing of all open invoices and generation of monthly statements to customers. An aging of receivables should be used to collect overdue accounts. Many organizations today are faced with the problem of having huge accumulated balances owing to accounts receivables which are sometimes written off and thus interfering with the organizations operations. The purpose of the study is to establish how Accounts receivable management tries to minimize the amounts of money tied up in form of accounts receivables and thus takes the organization back to its original set goals. This study describes target population comprising of all the manufacturing firms in Nakuru municipality which is the sample and census will be employed as the population is less than 30. There are 25 manufacturing companies within the municipalityBased on the results, findings and conclusions the following recommendations have been deciphered. It is therefore recommended that the management of manufacturing companies to consider putting in place the recommended steps seen as probable ways of ensuring that their financial management practices are improved for better financial performance.
KEYWORDS: Accounts receivable, employee performance, human resource strategies
ANCHOR BORROWERS PROGRAMME AND FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA: AN ASSESSMENT
ISAH MUHAMMED OZI, SALIFU ACHILE MOMOH & DARIYEM NAANDI KRUSLAT
National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS), Kuru, Jos
This Study assesses the Implementation of Anchor Borrowers Program and Food Security in Nigeria. The Anchor Borrowers Program was introduced in 2015 to boost agricultural output, provide food security and reduce importation of Agricultural commodities particularly those Nigeria has a comparative advantage to produce. The objectives of the study are to measure the trend of food crops production and price of food items before and during the intervention of Anchor Borrowers Program using descriptive statistics such as tables and graphs to present findings. Similarly, trend analysis was used to show the positions of production level of rice, maize, and cassava and the price of food items annually as recorded. The result of the findings shows that: Maize production increased by 21.9% million tones; rice production increased by 29.6% million tones, cassava production increased by 17.6% million tones and the price of food items increased by 40.3%between the period of intervention, 2015 and 2020.Based on the above results, it means the implementation of Anchor Borrowers Program is impacting slowly on food security. Therefore, the researchers recommend that: Emphases of Anchor borrowers’ program should be geared towards boosting irrigation system and ensure the right type of fertilizers are available at the right price, at the right times so as to boost production of maize and rice; Trade Policy should be considered seriously to restrict agricultural export, particularly, maize and rice and allow legal importation of those food we couldn’t produce to avoid food crises and price increase; CBN should stabilise exchange rate through policy and intervention in the foreign Exchange market with proper management of foreign reserves.
Keywords: Anchor Borrowers Program, Food Security, Food Production and Price of Food Items
EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION IN NASARAWA METROPOLIS, NASARAWA STATE – NIGERIA
1ALIYU AHMED TANKO, 2AHMADU LADAN KAMBARI & 3YAKUBU SHEIK HALIRU
1Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 2Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 3College of Basics and Advance Studies Yelwa Yauri, Kebbi State – Nigeria.
Climate change is controversial in nature which results to abnormal variations to the climate yet seen by entrepreneurs as an avenue to nurture unconventional talents and creates opportunities for entrepreneurial success in the world especially developing countries. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of climate change on entrepreneurial education in Nasarawa metropolis. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which was analyzed using regression analysis with the help of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) in order to confirm the stated hypotheses with a population of 980 entrepreneurs to elicit information. The findings revealed that economic activities, business opportunities, enabling environment and attitude of entrepreneur has significant positive effect on entrepreneurial education while, entrepreneur perception has significant negative effect on entrepreneurial education in Nasarawa metropolis. The study concludes that climate change has enabled the entrepreneurs operating in Nasarawa metropolis to be creative, innovative and utilize the available opportunities. In light of these, the study recommends that governments should improve security and awareness to provide enabling environment, educate the public on entrepreneur perception, every stakeholder should embrace business opportunities, the community should provide conducive environment for economic activities and training should be enhanced to improve attitude of entrepreneur.
Keywords: climate change, education, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship, performance.
THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN PAYROLL OPERATIONS FOR POLYTECHNICS IN NIGERIA
AKILU UMAR BAKARI
School of Business and Management Technology, Department of General Studies, The polytechnic Bali.
Payrolling of staff in polytechnics lays significance on prompt rewards and productivity. Payment of salary in polytechnics is a key to performance effectiveness, efficiency and service success. This work discusses the role of Information and communication technologies (ICT) in payroll operation for polytechnics in Nigeria. Information and communication technologies (ICT) refer to several forms of information exchange between two or more computers through any of the several methods of interconnection. These technologies provide speedy, low-cost and convenient means of communication. The adoption of these technologies in polytechnics in Nigeria federal and state government have been found to have direct positive impact on the institutions efficiency and have led to more rapid acceleration of development in the country. Technology is transforming human resource (HR) practices and activities by improving their effectiveness in managing organizational resources. The use of relevant technology in HR would increase organizational ability to meet new challenges such as globalization and increase of diversity in workplaces. Computerized payroll system is one of the technologies commonly used in HR and measured as the heart of HR activities. Utilization of Information Technology (IT) is now entered in a very good condition that can be used in every aspect of life. Utilization of good IT will generate benefits for its users in utilizing IT. As well as in the field of employee payroll information systems are needed in the polytechnics system, by utilizing IT, will be faster in processing data and generate payroll reports are also fast. The study proposes some recommendations and suggests other avenues for more research as well.
Keywords: Role, Information and communication technologies (ICT), Payroll, polytechnics, Nigeria.
EFFECT OF ELECTRONIC TAX SYSTEM ON TAX REVENUE IN NIGERIA
*ADEBAYO HELEN OLUWATOYIN; **DR. SAMSON A. ADEDIRAN; & **PROF. S. R. ABDULLAHI
*Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa state. **Department of Accounting, Kogi state University, Anyigba, Kogi state.
The primary responsibility of Nigeria government is to cater for the welfare of citizens and non-citizens residing in Nigeria. In performing her responsibilities to her citizens, government needs money to finance her activities. Based on the forgone this study examines the effect of electronic tax system on tax revenue in Nigeria. The study covers the period of 2012 to 2018. The study covers twenty-six (26) quarters made up of pre-e-taxation period of 13 quarters, spanning from the first quarter of 2012 to the first of 2015 while the period for post e-taxation covers 13 quarters, spanning from the second quarter of 2015 to the second quarter of 2018. Secondary data were used for this study. The study applied regression analysis with the aid of SPSS Software 21 in data analysis and hypotheses testing. The study findings show among others that there is a negative significant difference in the petroleum profit tax revenue before and after the adoption of e-taxation in Nigeria an there is also a negative insignificant difference in the company income tax revenue before and after the adoption of e-taxation in Nigeria. The study also discovers that there is a positive insignificant difference between pre and post value added tax revenue. Final finding shows that there is a significant negative difference in tax revenue before and after the adoption of e-taxation in Nigeria. The study concludes that e-taxation has not actually improved tax revenue in Nigeria. Considering the findings and its implication, the study recommends amongst others that agencies saddled with tax collection (FIRS) should be trained on managing e-tax and as well ensuring that organizations compliance to tax filing time frame.
Keywords: Company income tax, electronic tax system, petroleum profit tax, total tax revenue, and value added tax.
EVALUATION OF MARKETING STRATEGIES THAT BEST SUITE SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISE: A CASE STUDY OF POULTRY BUSINESS IN IFE CENTRAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT
GABRIEL O. OLAIFA; OLUSEGUN J. OYEDELE; TAIWO H. IBRAHIM; ABIODUN O. OLOSUNDE; AND FADEKEMI F. TAIWO
Bioresources Development Centre, National Biotechnology Development Agency, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
There is increase in the demand for poultry products due to high population growth and need for making more income in Nigeria. The poultry industry has emerged as the most commercialized and fastest expanding segment in the animal husbandry subsector but still faces many problems. The study aimed at determining the appropriate marketing strategies that will enhance survival and profitability of a small medium enterprise: a case study of poultry business in Ife Central Local Government. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for over 95% of firms and 60%-70% of employment and generate a large share of new jobs in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) economies. The research instrument used in this research work involves the preparation of structured questionnaires which were administered to twenty SMEs poultry farmers in the Ife Central Local Government area of Osun State. Descriptive statistical analysis of the data indicated that most poultry farmers practice the battery cage system, raise layers (Harco breed), produce their own feed using ingredients from suppliers, sell products directly to the public and did not segment their target market in order to manage the business effectively, reduce cost of production, reduce loss and which result in making profit from the marketing of the poultry products. This paper reveals the Marketing strategies and opportunities employed by SMEs poultry business.
Keywords: SMEs, birds, poultry business, market strategy, enterprise
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY AND DIGITAL CASH REVOLUTION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SUBSAHARAN AFRICA
OBIAH MMADUBUIKE EMMANUEL; EKE FIDELIS; & AKPELU AZUNNA E.
Department of Accountancy, Imo state Polytechnic, Omuma (Mbano Campus), Imo State, Nigeria
The paper examined blockchain technology and digital cash as revolutionary technologies with the challenges and opportunities, focusing on the sub-Saharan Africa. The paper adopted a descriptive survey on the opinion from the extant literature. The study identified the challenges of these technologies to include: tax evasion, money laundering, anonymity of the players, ICT and energy crisis, but believed that the opportunities are numerous to tap from. Among the abundant opportunities presented before the sub-Saharan Africa are: secure, fast and cost efficient means of fund transfer and payment systems, trusted transaction as a result of verification, validation and cryptographic nature of the network. The paper recommended that process of electrification and ICT transformation should be started, and regulatory framework put in place across the region by the relevant authorities. Future empirical research should be undertaken to understand how these revolutionary technologies affect the various sectors of the economy and its threat to central bank fiat currencies.
Keywords: Blockchain Technology, Digitalization, digital cash, digital currencies
DIMENSIONS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION AND SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISES PERFORMANCE (A STUDY OF SELECTED SMEs IN BIDA METROPOLIS)
GATA, ELIZABETH. G.; & AYODELE, OLORUNTOBA CHURCHILL
Department of Business Administration and Management, School of Business Administration and Management, the Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State
Entrepreneurial orientation is a key ingredient for organizational success and leads to higher performance. Hence, the present study examined three major dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation (innovativeness, risk taking, and pro-activeness) as antecedents of SMEs performance. The businesses selection were based on business that have been in operation for the last five years, also whose their business should not have less than three employees in Bida metropolis. A convenience sampling techniques was employed to select respondents that will participate in providing data for the study. The researcher administered 100 questionnaires in which 85 were returned while 85 returned and valid questionnaires were used for analysis with the aid of statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS). Exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach-alpha coefficients were calculated to assess the reliability of the instruments used. Correlation analysis was calculated to establish the relationship between the variables and multiple regression analysis was calculated to test the hypothesis developed. Results demonstrate that EO dimensions; Risk-taking, and Pro-activeness have significant impact on Small business performance while Innovativeness does not have significant impact on Small business performance In conclusion. The literature suggests that entrepreneurial orientation is a key ingredient for organizational success and leads to higher performance. This study recommends that Business owners should spread the arms of their risk-taking activities (investment) in diverse areas instead of only concentrating on one business to spread the risk and gain more returns. Also, Business owners should make extensive use of social media to win over competitor customers by updating them of new offers and discount.
Keywords: Innovativeness, Risk taking, Competitiveness aggressiveness, Autonomy and Pro-activeness.
THE ROLES PLAYED BY SUBCULTURES ON CONSUMER CHOICE OF GOODS: A REVIEW OF EVIDENCES FROM LITERATURE.
1USMAN BABA UMAR; 2USMAN MAIMUNA; AND 3SALIHU SHEHU
1Department of Business and Management, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State. 2,&3Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State
Culture is the fundamental determinant in a person’s want and behaiviour. Individuals are brought up to follow the beliefs, value and customs of the society and to avoid behavior that is judged unacceptable or considered as a taboo. Each culture consists of smaller subcultures that provide more specific identification and socialization for their members (Kotler 2003). The paper reviews evidences documented in the literature as they pertain to subcultural influences on consumer choice. The paper discovered that each society contains subculture groups with shared value. As well the paper recommended that marketers should be guided in segmenting their markets by the knowledge of the existence of subculture
Keywords: culture, Subculture, value,
EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT POLICY ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
1OLATUNJI, TUNDE EZEKIEL (PhD), 2DAUDA ADAMU ABUBAKAR, 3DOGARA NASIRU DANLADI (PhD)
1&2Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, 3Nasarawa State Board of Internal Revenue, Lafia.
The study sought to investigate the effect of government policy on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. Entrepreneurship and small business development are the heart of many countries’ economy, and countries that give entrepreneurship special attention stand better chances of improved economy and industrialization. World over, it is well known that government policies often affect entrepreneurial activities directly and indirectly. To address entrepreneurship development problems, government has introduced programs such as; World Bank SMEs 1 and 2 Loan Scheme, National Economic Reconstruction Fund (NERFUND), Peoples and Community Bank, Nigerian Bank of Commerce and Industry (NBCI), Export Processing Zone (EPZ), National Poverty Eradication, Advisory Agencies, few to mention about. Findings reveal that, these policy measures have played insignificant role in entrepreneurship development instead they work only on white papers and used by some corrupt government officials to embezzle national treasury. The study discovered that meeting the requirements for accessing government entrepreneurship programmes was the most serious difficulty encountered by entrepreneurs in benefiting from government programmes; and that government entrepreneurial policies have been ineffective due mainly to lack of continuity by successive governments. The study found that government policies at present do not improve economic growth. The study concluded that achievement of the desired economic growth requires review of credit requirements to less stringent terms, harmonization of government entrepreneurial policies with other fiscal and monetary policies, continuity of government policies by successive government, de-emphasis on political affiliation as condition for accessing government programmes and improved sensitization of the public on various government policies/programmes and entrepreneurial development.
Keywords: Government policies, economic growth, small and medium enterprises, entrepreneurship development.
SMALL SCALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP WOMEN INVOLVEMENT AND POVERTY ERADICATION IN AN ENDLESS INFLATIONAL ECONOMY IN NIGERIA
AJAYI JOHNSON KOLAWOLE; ABUBAKAR SARAFADEEN BAYO; AMUSAT RASAQ BAMIDELE; & ABDULLAH SHUAIB
Department of Business Administration, the Oke-ogun Polytechnic, Saki (TOPS), Oyo state, Nigeria.
Entrepreneurship accounted by women has become important all over the world, especially in developing countries where it plays not only an economic role but a social role as well, changing communities and consequently, the whole society. The purpose of this study was to do an empirical analysis on the impact of women entrepreneurship on poverty alleviation among households in Saki metropolis. The study made use of primary sources of data. A structured questionnaire was used and administered on a sample of 80 respondents randomly selected from among the leading women entrepreneurs in the metropolis. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics including percentages, tables and chi-square statistical tool of analysis. Findings from the study shows that women entrepreneurship activities in Saki metropolis have significant influence on poverty alleviation as a result of increase in income on the part of these women which eventually has a multiplier effect on the lifestyle and economic status of the respondents. It is recommended that government should create an enabling environment for businesses to thrive, provide the necessary infrastructure and incentives for women entrepreneurs so as to assist them reaching their zenith in their business journey. Also, all the entrepreneurship support programmes initiated by the government to assist entrepreneurs should be adequately empowered and mandated to perform their statutory responsibilities.
Keywords: Women entrepreneur, Metropolis, Entrepreneurship, Economic development, Social infrastructure.
PRODUCT DEVEOPMENT AND FIRMS PROFITABILITY
HABU SALIHU; ABDULKADIR MUSA BADARA; & HADIZA BABA IBRAHIM
This paper investigate the impact of marketing strategy on firm profitability in Ashaka Cement Plc. Business Profitability is an absolute number determined by the amount of income or revenue above and beyond the costs or expenses a company incur. The study objective were to determine the effectiveness of marketing strategy as a base for business profitability in Ashaka Cement Company. The study will be conducted based on the data gathered from the study respondents through the use of survey design and the study population constitutes of 2700 employees of Ashaka cement Plc. The sample size of the study was 338 using Krejcie and Morgan 1970 table. The findings revealed that considerable number of companies in Nigeria had adopted product development strategies, there existed a significant correlation between firms profitability and product development strategies and organizations offered a broad product and that organisations are efficient in meeting customer wants. The study therefore concluded based on the findings that considerable number of cement factories in Nigeria had adopted product development strategies, adoption of product development strategies resulted to a positive significant effect on the firms profitability of Ashaka cement plc.
Keywords: Marketing strategy, profitability, firm
FISCAL POLICY, MONETARY POLICY AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN NIGERIA
*M. O. LAWAL; **S. S. Abere
*Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education, School of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo State, Nigeria. **Department of Economics, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria
Controversies abound over the relative contributions of monetary and fiscal policies on different economies of the world. Previous studies in Nigeria focused on either the effect of monetary or fiscal policy on economic growth without taking cognizance of their joint effects on agricultural output. This study is carried out in order to identify the policy-mix that drives the agricultural output growth in Nigeria. The study utilizes the Quantity Theory of Money by the Monetarists vis-à-vis Keynesian Theory with time series data spanning from 1981 to2020. The study uses the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) and the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) techniques to achieve its objectives. The results reveal that money supply contributes 1.14% to the forecast error variance in agricultural output in the second year and it attains its peak of 3.1% in the third year before decreasing to 2.16% and 1.39% in the seventh and tenth years respectively. Government expenditure accounts for 0.003% of the forecast error variance in agricultural output in the second year and it reaches its peak of 5.63% in the third year before decreasing steadily as it accounts for 2.87% and 1.23% in the sixth and the tenth years respectively. Also, the results indicate that the interactive effect of government expenditure and money supply on agricultural output is positive and significant; implying that fiscal and monetary policies act as complement for agricultural output performance in Nigeria. Thus, the two-policy measures should be coordinated to maximize agricultural output.
Keywords: Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Economic policy, Agricultural output, Vector error correction model
NON CURRENT LIABILITIES AND EARNINGS PER SHARE GROWTH IN SELECTED LISTED CONSUMER GOODS FIRMS IN NIGERIA
*S. ABDURRAZAQ; **DR M. N. AHMED; & **DR L. O. MUSTAPHA
*Department of Accountancy, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. **Department of Accounting, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
The study examined the effect of non-current liabilities on the growth of earnings per share (EPSG) in listed consumer goods firms in Nigeria. The proxies for non-current liabilities were deferred tax liabilities (DTL), borrowings (BRW), retirement benefit obligations (RBO) and Lease liabilities (LSL). The research adopted was correlational research design. The population of the study was 21 listed consumer goods firms in Nigeria. The sample size was 10 selected listed consumer goods firms in Nigeria, using judgmental sampling technique. Content analysis of the annual reports of the selected companies was carried out in a trend of 10 years (2012 2021). The descriptive and inferential statistics were mean, standard deviation, regression analysis, t-test and chi-square, all were run STATA 13. The findings reveal that each of DTL, BRW and LSL is negative and insignificant on the EPSG. Only RBO is positive but also insignificant. The major recommendations hold that the managements of companies should review and reset maximum threshold of gearing in order to accommodate non-current liability items within debt-equity ratio set for capital structure.
Keywords: deferred tax liabilities, borrowings, retirement benefit obligations, lease liabilities and earnings per share growth.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND QUALITY OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION: THE MODERATING ROLE OF FORENSIC ACCOUNTING AMONG LISTED FIRM IN NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE
*YAHAYA ABDULSALAM; **YUSUF OVA MUTALIB; AND **ODUMEGWU EMMANUEL CHIJOIKE**
*Accounting and Taxation Department, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi & **Accountancy Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
The aim of the study was to find out the influencing role forensic accounting on the relationship between corporate governance and quality of accounting information among listed firms in the Nigeria Stock Exchange, where the study population consisted of all external certified accountants, while the study sample consisted of a random sample of external certified accountants. The study employed primary source of data through the administration of questionnaires to external certified accountants. The study analysis was done using multiple regressions test on the study data. The findings from the analysis reveals a statistically significant impact on the application of governance rules in its dimensions (commitment of corporate governance to shareholder rights, commitment of corporate governance to equal treatment among shareholders, commitment of corporate governance to disclosure and transparency, commitment of corporate governance to responsibilities The Board of Directors) on the quality of accounting information, and there is also a modified effect of forensic accounting with statistical significance on the relationship between the application of corporate governance rules in its dimensions and the quality of accounting information with its elements (The relevance and the faithful representation of the accounting information) in the Nigeria Stock Exchange. The study recommends the necessity of continuing commitment of boards of directors in companies to the application of governance rules and laying down the necessary and strict controls to ensure their implementation. And also the necessity of holding training courses for certified accountants specialized in the field of Forensic Accounting.
Keywords: Forensic Accounting, Corporate Governance and Quality of Accounting Information, Relevance.
THE IMPACT OF EXCHANGE RATE STABILITY ON EXPORT PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA
Dept. of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This study sought to investigate the relationship between exchange rate stability and export performance in Nigeria. Using time series data which spanned from 1980-2017. The main objective of the study was to examine the long-run relationship between exchange rate stability on export performance in Nigeria. This relationship was examined using ARDL approach to co-integration. The ARDL bounds testing approach reveals that the variable were strongly co-integrated. The study found that almost all the explanatory variables were significant in determining the export performance except GDPP. The study therefore concluded that Stern foreign exchange control policies should be put in place in order to help in appropriate determination of the value of the exchange rate. This will in the long run help to strengthen the value of the Naira and that the economy high dependence on import needs to be discouraged by the impositions of stern tariffs. This will helped in restoring the domestic industries and increased the productive capacity of the economy, the balance of payment and a favorable exchange for the country.
Keywords: Exchange rate, economic growth, currency, export performance.