TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 9 (8) MAY, 2022 EDITIONS. ISSN: 1942-6754
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE ROLE OF SCHOOLS ADMINISTRATORS IN IN-SERVICE TRAINING AND TEACHERS’ PRODUCTIVITY IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ISOKO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
A.G. OSSAI (Ph.D)
Faculty of Education, University of Delta, Agbor
The study looked at the role of school administrators in preparing teachers for in-service training and teacher productivity in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The research was conducted using a descriptive survey research approach. A total of 294 respondents (14 principals and 280 teachers) were chosen as part of the study’s sample. The questionnaire was used as the instrument. The study used two research questions and two hypotheses. The mean and grand mean were used to examine the research questions, while the chi-square contingency table was used to analyze the hypotheses. The significance threshold was set at 0.05. Teachers may be motivated to participate in in-service training, according to the findings of the study. Administrators may be able to assist teachers in identifying additional opportunities for professional development. Furthermore, it was discovered that in-service training had a considerable impact on the productivity of secondary school teachers. It was so proposed, among other things, that the government devote more resources to ensuring that teachers are developed through in-service training and that instructors be granted study leave to pursue more education.
Keywords: In-service Training, Teachers, Productivity.
ASSESSMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION CURRICULUM OBJECTIVES AND CONTENTS’ ADEQUACY IN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
AYUB, ABDULGANIY; & DR. HAMDALLAT T. YUSUF
Dept. of Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
The objectives of any curriculum is usually premised on the needs, aspirations and interest of a society. The actualization of the objectives to a large extent is determined by the selected content of the curriculum. This study therefore aimed to find out the adequacy of entrepreneurship education curriculum objectives and content in private and public universities in North-central Nigeria. All the 102 lecturers handling the course in the study locale formed the study’s population. 48 lecturers, who are one of the major stake holders in the field of entrepreneurship education were sampled for the study. Data were collected for the study through a researcher designed instrument. This instrument was validated and tested for reliability with 0.78 and 0.75 obtained respectively. Frequency and percentage were used to analyze the data gathered. The findings of the study showed that majority of the lecturers attested that the objective of entrepreneurship education is adequate. It also showed that the content on venture creation and management were adequate. Whilst the content on core entrepreneurial skills were inadequate. The study therefore recommends that the relevant stake holders need as a matter of urgency to review the curriculum and inject the lacking content for a full actualization of the laudable objectives of the curriculum.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Curriculum Objective, Curriculum content, Private and Public universities.
IMPACT OF TRANSFORMATIONAL AND TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLES ON JOB PERFORMANCE OF LIBRARIANS IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA
*ENITE A. URHEFE- OKOTIE; & **ROSEMARY ANWULI ODIACHI (Ph.D)
*University library, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun. **Benson Idahosa University.
Leadership styles are among the major drivers used to improve the performance of staff in any organization. It is believed that an organization’s kind of leadership style influences its overall results. This study focused on two styles of leadership which are transformational and transactional style of leadership. Relationship between leadership styles and job performance were also discussed. It is revealed that leadership styles definitely have a strong correlation with the achievement of set goals and objectives of the library. The study adopted correlational research design. Three (3) research questions were raised to guide the study, and two hypotheses were also tested at 0.5 level of significant. The population of the study comprised (98) librarians in the six Federal universities spread across the six states of South-South, Nigeria. No sample was done due to the manageable size of the population. The instrument for data collection was a researcher constructed questionnaire titled “Impact of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles on Job Performance Questionnaire “(ITTLSQ)”. Research data were analyzed using SPSS, correlation and regression analysis were utilized in analyzing the data and testing the research hypothesis. The study reveals that there is a positive relationship between leadership styles and job performance. It was also revealed in the study that both Transformational and Transactional leadership styles have positive and negative sides. From the examination of these two leadership styles, it was discovered that transformational leadership style has more positive impact on job performance of librarians than transactional leadership style. Recommendations were made based on the findings.
Keywords: Leadership styles, job performance, librarians, university library.
ASSESSMENT OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THEIR SCHOOL EXPERIENCES IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA
EYENGHO, TOJU. T. (Ph. D); AND ODUTUYI, M.O. (Ph. D)
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education, Adeyemi Federal University of Education, Ondo, Nigeria.
The National Policy on Education (NPE, 2013), describes Junior Secondary Education as the education which a child receives immediately after primary education while senior secondary education (or post Basic Education) is the education children receive after a successful completion of ten years of Basic Education. From these simple but clear definitions by the NPE, it may be logical to examine the school as an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or pupils) under the direction of teachers and other support staff. The current writers support Ehindero’s (2010) submission that effective schools should be able to provide series of planned learning experiences which are deliberately and purposefully organized to maximize the opportunities available for individuals to actualize their inherent genetic blue print in both formal and informal schools.
IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONTECHNOLOGY (ICT) ON NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES USING ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AS A CASE STUDY
Department: Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo Benue State
The study aimed at examining the impact of information and communication Technology (ICT) on Nigerian university library service delivery, a study of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU) library. The paper traces briefly the history of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library. The study adopted the descriptive survey method. The questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. A total of six hundred (600) questionnaires were distributed and five hundred and eighty three (583) collected back. The data collected were analyzed with the use of tables and simple percentages. From the analysis of the data collected, it was found that the use of ICT on library service delivery aids immensely in the development of university libraries, quick delivery of information services, access and easy retrieval of information by users. The findings revealed some of these challenges commonly faced such as insufficient availability of resources, lack of adequate space for ICT facilities and cost of utilization of the resources. Others factors plaguing the implementation of ICT in libraries are lack of adequate awareness of ICT services and resources, Therefore, it was recommended that there should be massive injection of funds and financial assistance from both the Nigerian government and some international donor agencies for the provision of ICT infrastructural facilities and training and retraining of librarians to enable them meet the standard of technology age for effective library services. This will result in the delivery of the effective information services and make it easily accessible to users
Keywords: library, Information, communication, technology, services
TRENDS AND INNOVATIONS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
DR DARAMOLA MERCY ADESOLA
Department of Science Education, College of Education, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education Science and Technology Ikere
This study investigates the trends and innovations in science education for sustainable development using a descriptive research methodology. The descriptive research methodology allowed the use of secondary data sources gathered online by employing Google and Google Scholar search engines. The online search activities were systematically conducted using both inclusion and exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria contained elements that are in concomitant with this research while exclusion criteria had factors that are not in parallel with this enquiry. The essence of the descriptive methodology in this research is to allow a more critical approach towards explaining the current trends imbued in science education. Thus, the findings in this research revealed problems that require imminent attention on a global scale. Some of the trends in science education shown in this study are related to global warming problems, whose effect has bedevilled many parts of the world today through flooding, famine, and drought to mention a few. The findings of this study are to create more awareness of the use of renewable energy sources like solar and hydroelectric power. For instance, these renewable sources of energy protect the soil and the people living in it. Thus, the findings foresee careful organization of the global resources.
Keywords: Global Warming, Drought, Famine, Science Education, COVID-19.
PREVALENCE AND DIMENSIONS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT EXPERIENCED BY FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES IN AMBROSE ALLI UNIVERSITY EKPOMA, EDO STATE
*ONOLEMHEMHEN, P.E. (Ph.D); & **AKERELE, S.S (Ph.D)
*Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State. **Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State
The study investigated the prevalence and dimensions of sexual harassment among female undergraduates in Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was used in the study comprised all the 13,788 female undergraduates in the 2019/2020 academic section of the university. A sample size of 540 female undergraduate students re-presenting 4% of students in all the faculties was drawn for the study, by proportionate random sampling technique. The instrument titled sexual harassment dimension and prevalence questionnaire (SEHDAPQ) with a test retest reliability coefficient (∞) of 0.78 was used in the study. The research questions were analyzed with mean (X), standard deviation (S.D) and percentages. The findings showed that verbal and physical sexual harassments were the most prevalent and most commonly experienced dimensions of sexual harassment among female undergraduates in Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State. It was therefore recommended that the university management should institute legislations or anti-sexual harassment polices that would help protect female undergraduates against these forms of sexual harassment from the opposite sex.
Keywords: Prevalence, Dimensions, Sexual harassment.
EFFECTS OF MACHINE-ASSISTED AND VIRTUAL SCIENCE LABORATORY LEARNING STRATEGIES ON STUDENTS’ ACHIVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN NASARAWA, NIGERIA
*DR PHILIP AKU EGGON; **ADAMU EZEKIEL; & **JUSTINA T. DIBILANG
*Department of Science Technology and Mathematics Education Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. **Department of Biology Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe State, Nigeria
The study investigated the effects of machine-Assisted and virtual science laboratory learning strategies on students’ Achievement in Basic Science and Technology in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. A non-randomized control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was adopted. The study population comprised 27307 students, and a sample of 202 students drawn from 6 secondary schools using multistage sampling technique. Machine-Assisted Learning (MAL) and Virtual Science Laboratory (VSL) apps were developed by the researcher and were used asthe teachingstrategies. The instrument used for data collection was Basic Science and Technology Achievement Test (BSTAT) which was validated, mal-tested and subjected to reliability analyses using KR-21 which yielded 0.94. Three research questions were stated and answered using mean, standard deviation, and graphs while three hypotheses were stated and tested using ANCOVA at 0.050 level of significance. The findings revealed that, there was significant difference in the mean achievement scores [F(2, = 150.385, p=0.000 < 0.050 of the students in MAL, VSL and Expository method. The findings revealed that, there was no significant gender difference [(F2, 57) = 0.96, p = 0.758 > 0,050] in MAL; however, In VSI, there was a mean achievement difference ((F2, 72) = 4.103, p=0.047 < 0.050 in favour of male. There was no significant interaction effect of strategies and gender on the students’ mean achievement scores [(F2, 195) = 0.733, p= 0.482 > 0.050. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, the government and educational institutes should train teachers on the development and implementation of the MAL, and VSL since they are factors in students learning outcomes.
Keywords: Learning, Machine-Assisted Learning, Virtual Science Laboratory, Achievement, Basic Science, Technology.
SHORTCOMINGS OF LITERACY AMONG ADULTS: PROBABLE SOLUTIONS FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF ADULT AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIA
DR KOLO ALFA IDRIS
Department of Continuing Education and Community Development, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai. Niger State
This paper highlighted the global concern about the rate of illiteracy in various parts of the world and how nations have come together to design various programmes to eradicate illiteracy among people, including children, adolescents and adults. As we have noticed, formal school education system is meant for the education of children and adolescents, at early age, from primary to university education. Adult and non-formal education has been established to cater for the education of adults in order to eradicate the high rate of illiteracy among adults who were not opportune to enroll in formal education system at early age, realizing that illiteracy among adults results inability to read and write, poverty, lack of viable and endearing self-sustenance job or entrepreneur, lack of creativity skills and innovative mindset, in ability to use and utilize one’s talents and potentials, among other deficits. All these negatively affect the socio-economic well-being of the illiterate adults. In order to improve the welfare of this group, literacy programmes have been put in place by an agency to teach the art of reading and writing and necessary skills that will impact positively on the lives of these illiterate adults, their families and the nation. However, the implementation of the education programmes by the agency, the Adult and Non-Formal Education Commission have been impeded by series of shortcomings which this paper has highlighted. These include; inadequate supply of professional labour force, stipend salary package, unconducive learning centres, lack of teaching and learning materials, lack of awareness by the majority of adults, to mention a few. This paper went further to analyze probable solutions and recommendations to address the advanced shortcomings. These include recruitment of professional educators with appreciable salary package, provision of teaching and learning materials, adequate funding, launching of awareness campaign to sensitize and mobilize adults, among others. It is the assumption of this paper that the probable solutions and recommendations are capable of significantly actualizing the aims and objectives of the agency, in no small measure, by developing illiterate adult and the nation.
Keywords: Literacy, Adults, Shortcomings, Probable Solutions, Adult and Non-Formal education.
EFFECT OF SCHOOLS SUPERVISION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BASIC SCIENCE STUDENTS IN AHOADA EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE NIGERIA
NWALA, LONGINUS Ph.D
Department of Integrated Science, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
This study investigated the effect of schools supervision on the academic performance of Basic science students in Ahoada East Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Six research questions and six hypotheses were raised to guide this study. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study with a study population of two hundred (200) junior secondary school students, and one hundred and seventy five (175) junior secondary schools was used for the study through a multi-stage sampling technique which was adopted to select three hundred and seventy – five (375) participants. Structured questionnaires were used for data collection and all were analyzed, using simple percentage and chi-square statistical tool to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed the level of effect school supervision has on the academic performance of secondary school students on Basic science which was 76.9% indicating that more than half of the total respondents as opposed to less than 40% of the respondents that indicated 24.1% and based on that, it was concluded that the rate of school supervision is directly proportional to the academic performance of secondary school students on Basic science as a hallmark for educational improvement. It was recommended that government should increase effort on finding school supervision as to improve the quality of education which are of great significance toward students’ academic performance.
Keywords: Effect, supervision, academic performance, basic science, students
MANAGEMENT DEPLOYMENT OF PUBLIC RELATIONS PROGRAMMES AND STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF CORPORATE IMAGE OF SELECTED POLYTECHNICS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
BABALOLA, AKINOLA OLUDARE; & PROF. AJILORE KOLADE, PhD
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State
Corporate image is a key determinant of organization success. Public relations play fundamental roles in corporate image formation and sustenance. In spite of the establishment of corporate image management sections in many Nigerian Polytechnics, this arm of tertiary education has recently experienced corporate image problems as manifested in declining enrolment and proprietors inclination to transform these institutions to universities. Consequently, the study examined the association between the use of public relations by some polytechnic in Western Nigeria and their students’ perception of corporate image. The study adopted survey research design. The population for the study was 46,712 students in six polytechnics with a sample size of 397 students at National Diploma (ND) and Higher National Diploma (HND) programs in 2019/2020 academic session. Findings show that there is positive correlation between public relations and corporate image of polytechnics at r= 0.691 and p= 0.00< 0.05. The result show that students show negative attitude towards the manner at which management handles PR issues. Study concludes that the extent of management deployments of PR determines the extent of its influence on the corporate image of the polytechnics. Thus the more PR functions deployed the more positive impacts on the image. The study recommends more of interpersonal relationship by the management with the students in the polytechnic.
Keywords: Management Deployment, Public Relations, Corporate Image, Perception, Southwest Polytechnics.
PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE OF SELF-ESTEEM ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN POTISKUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, YOBE STATE – NIGERIA
DR AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu
This study investigated the influence of self – esteem on academic achievement of public senior secondary school students in Potiskum local government area, Yobe State, Nigeria. For the conduct of the study, three research objectives were used. The study adopted correlational design. A sample of 361 students were carefully selected which comprised of 250 male and 101 female students from five senior government secondary schools (SS 2 and SS 3) through random sampling technique. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES (1965) was adapted and students’ academic examination scores for data -were collected. Test – retest was carried out on two public senior secondary schools. The instrument was found to haw r=0.58 as its reliability coefficient. Questionnaires were distributed to the participants and data collected was analysed using Pear son Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) Statistic and independent sample t-test was also used. The results showed that there was significant relationship between self – esteem and academic achievement. The finding also indicated no significant difference between the academic achievement of students with high self- esteem and those with low self- esteem. Likewise, no significant difference between the academic achievements of students on self- esteem and gender related issue. This showed that sexes have no influenced on students feeling of self-worth and also did not affected their academic achievement negatively. Based on this, teachers should increase and maintain students’ self- esteem by assisting them feel and think positively. This type of study should also be investigated among NCE and Universities’ students. Similarly, should be replicated in other senior secondary schools or between public and private within the respective local governments in Yobe State and beyond so that a national policy on how self-esteem and academic achievement can be formulated into law.
Keywords: Influence, Self-esteem, Academic achievement
NEXUS BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ENROLLMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH-EASTERN STATES OF NIGERIA
TEMITAYO OLUWAKEMI OLAITAN
Department of Educational Foundations, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State.
Issues surrounding students’ enrolment have become a source of concern to all and sundry. One of the fallouts of students’ enrolment is the school overpopulation whereby all resources meant for smooth conduct of educational programmes are insufficient. Therefore, this study digs into nexus between students’ enrolment and management of secondary schools in North-Eastern States of Nigeria. In order achieve objectives of the study, three research questions and hypotheses guided the study. It was a descriptive survey design with 4,434 total population from 1,478 public secondary schools out of which 443 was randomly selected using multistage sampling technique. A researcher-developed questionnaire (which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.79% when computed in Cronbach Alpha analysis with the aid of SPSS) and structured interview were used as instruments for the study. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions while Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that students’ enrolment significantly impact on adequacy of facilities in secondary schools, supervision of teaching and learning environment as well as classroom management in secondary schools. It was therefore concluded that as far as North Eastern States of Nigeria is concerned, to a very large extent, students’ enrolment significantly impact on management of secondary schools. Among others, it was recommended that government and relevant stake holders should make adequate provision for school facilities to cater for all students in secondary schools, and that school administrators should ensure that students are enrolled in secondary schools according to the carrying capacity of the schools.
Keywords: Students’ enrolment, educational management, school facilities, supervision, classroom management.
ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS SATISFACTION WITH ICT SERVICES IN AMINU SALE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, AZARE-BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
FAUZIYYA UMAR ADAMU
Department of Computer Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This paper is to analysed students’ satisfaction with ICT services in Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. It aimed at examining the extent to which students were satisfied with ICT services during registration process, teaching and or practical sessions. Data were elicited through questionnaire administration from a sample of 367 respondents determined using Krejcie and Morgan (1970). Out of the 367 questionnaire administered, 341 were dully completed and returned. The data collected were analysed using percentage, mean score and chi-square statistical tools. The analysis and the test of hypotheses generally revealed that students are satisfied with ICT services in Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. However, in its specific term, it was found that students indicated dissatisfaction with effectiveness of network service, connectivity speed, period spend in registration and adequacy of power supply. Based on the findings, the following measures were recommended; that management should continue in its effort to sustain and improve on the status of ICT services in the institution, that management should go into partnership with internet service providers with proven record of quality service and moderate fee of partnership.
Keywords: Students, Satisfaction, ICT services, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
TEMILADE OLUMAYOKUN AJITERU
Emmanuel Alayande College of Education Oyo
This study examined the impact of public of public-private partnership on educational development in Nigeria. Secondary method of data collection was adopted. Time series data which covered the period 1981-2019 were empirically analysed using Unit root tests, Cointegration and VECM techniques. The result showed that there is long-run equilibrium relationship amongst educational productivity and the explanatory variables. Public expenditure on education was positively correlated with Educational productivity, while a negative relationship was recorded between private partnership and educational in productivity Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that there is need for government to increase budgetary allocation to the educational sector and also create an enabling environment for private sector to participate effectively in financing education in Nigeria.
AGENTS OF SOCALISATION AS TOOLS FOR LEARNING ENGLISH AND HAUSA AT THE SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL IN OYO TOWN
OLADIPO, ISHAQ OLASUNMBO
Department of Hausa, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The impact of the various agents of socialisation in moulding, influencing and determining the ways of life of the individual members of every society, especially those of the schooling age, can be described as sacrosanct since human beings naturally inhabit and interrelate as members of social environments. This paper examines the roles of certain socialisation agents with regard to secondary school students’ learning of English and Hausa as school subjects with a view to determining the impact on the learners’ respective performance in the different languages. The study involved students offering Hausa as second language and English among other subjects, while a 15-item questionnaire was used for eliciting responses in respect of learners’ attitude and opinions concerning the two languages. Students’ level of commitment to the learning of English was found to be different from that of learning Hausa while the reasons, apart from the effects of the education policy and those of the status of English were, apparently, traceable to the roles of certain agents of socialisation as important stakeholders in the education enterprise. Specific agents of socialisation were, therefore, identified as constituting potential tools which must be positively engaged or orientated in order to reduce the negative influences that affect learners’ interest. This is in order to achieve comparable students’ performance regarding English and Hausa in recognition of the immense benefits associated with speaking many languages.
Keywords: attitude, environment, socialisation, performance, influence.
ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULLUM IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JEMA’A LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE
*FRANCIS EPHRAIME RIKICHI (PhD); **YOHANNA IBRAHIM; & *SHUA’IBU ADAMU
*Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya. **Department of Psychology, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
The paper examined the extent to which social studies curriculum had been effectively implemented in schools. The paper highlighted concepts and context of the curriculum, adequate human resources, political factors and government policies, and Availability and Effective Utilization of Instructional Materials as major factors that contribute to ineffective implementation of social studies curriculum in schools. Some challenges of social studies education had also been highlighted. The paper recommends that the government and other related agencies should organize conferences, seminars, workshops etc. on the strategies, methods and construction of special tools for the evaluation of social studies must be effectively implemented.
Keywords: Analysis, Assessment, Curriculum, Effectiveness, Implementation, Social Studies.
EFFECTS OF SCIENCE PROCESS TEACHING APPROACH ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN KADUNA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE
SAMUEL-OKEY, FATUMA COMFORT; & SHUAIB MUSA MARYAM
Department of Integrated Science, Federal College of Education Zaria, Kaduna State
The study titled “Effects of Science process teaching approach on primary school pupil’s performance in basic science and technology in Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna state” was carried out. The objectives are to determine the effectiveness of science process teaching approach on academic performance in basic science and technology also to investigate the effect of science process skills approach on male and female pupils’ academic performance in basic science and technology when exposed to science process teaching approach in Kaduna North Local Government Area. The instrument used was Basic Science and Technology Achievement Test (BSTAT) which was validated and with reliability coefficient of r = 0.75. The hypotheses stated were tested using t-test statistics at P 0.05 level of significance. Major findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the academic performance among primary school pupils exposed to science process teaching approach and those exposed to conventional teaching method in favour of experimental group. It was recommended that effort should be made by all stakeholders to discourage gender stereotyping. In view of this therefore, the home, the school and the society at large should encourage females to participate fully in skill-based activities within and outside school, and also enabling environment should be provided based on culture and belief of the society as with as capacity development of the teachers for effective delivery of the method.
Keywords: Science, Process, Teaching, Approach, Academic, Performance.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY: A TOOL FOR ENSURING QUALITY EDUCATION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN JALINGO METROPOLIS
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State
ICT has become integral part of the society in particular, education today. Thus it has attracted attention of studies. This study evaluated the teaching and use of ICT in public junior secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis. The basic objectives include investigating availability of ICT equipment in junior secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis and ways to improve utilization of ICTs in the schools. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design; the population of the study was the entire students and staff of junior secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis. However, 10 schools were randomly selected. Data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed descriptively using mean, frequencies and tables. The findings revealed that most of the schools are poorly equipped with necessary ICT gadgets for teaching and learning; and that teaching and use of ICT in junior public schools in Jalingo metropolis could be enhanced through improved funding of public secondary schools, supply of computers or other ICT devices for teaching and learning to schools, developing ICT manpower among teachers and policy implementation is support of ICT teaching and use among others.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, equipment, modern gadgets, teaching and learning, junior secondary school.
INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF GENDER, SUITABLE SUBJECT COMBINATIONS AND ACADEMIC ABILITY ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN MUSIC
FAGBILE, FUNSO ADENIYI
Music Department, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education Oyo, Oyo State
The philosophy of the Nigerian Pre-service teachers college in music programme is inspired by the desire to help teachers become intellectually informed in music and to produce competent and effective music teachers with good mastery of contents and methods and consequently develop the knowledge of the learners. This study investigated the interactive effect of gender, subject combination and academic ability on students’ performance in music. The effect of musical training and music on emotion cognition is also examined. The study employed the casual comparative research design. The sample consists of 110 students of two Colleges of Education in Oyo Township namely, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education and Federal College of Education (special), Oyo. The research instrument used is the 2019/2020 music student’s sectional performance of the 110 students across their various subject combinations and levels. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The hypotheses formulated were tested using the independent T-test and F-test inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance, the result obtained revealed that: there is no significant difference in the achievement of NCE music students across the various subject combinations; there is no significant difference between the achievement of male and female NCE music students across the various subject combinations. It was recommended among others that music teachers should ensure to give both the male and female students equal opportunity during teaching and learning process.
Keywords: Interactive effect, gender, Subject combination, Academic ability, student’s performance.
EFFECTS OF PRINCIPALS’ MONITORING OF STUDENTS PROGRESS ON TEACHERS’ PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI STATE
SALEH GARBA (PhD)
School of Vocational and Technical Education, Department of Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi,
The study investigated the extent to which principals monitor students’ progress and also established the effect of principals’ monitoring of students progress on teachers’ pedagogical practices in public secondary schools in Bauchi state. Descriptive survey design was employed for the study. The target population consisted all the principals and teachers in public secondary schools of Bauchi state. The samples comprised 29 principals and 384 teachers were drawn using random sampling technique. The study has one research question and a hypothesis. Questionnaire was the main tool for data collection. Cronbach’s alpha reliability of the instruments stood at 0.87. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Simple linear regression was used to test the null hypothesis at .05 significance levels. The study revealed that principals’ monitoring of students’ progress has significant effects on pedagogical practices of teachers (R2=.099, p<.05). It was also established that majority of principals did not review students’ class work and assessment records in determining students’ progress. The study concluded that effective monitoring of students’ progress by principals will enhance teachers’ pedagogical practices in public secondary schools. It was recommended that State Ministries of Education should be organizing training workshop for principals to improve their skills of monitoring of students’ progress. It was also suggested that principals should intensify supervision of class work and assessment records.
Keywords: Pedagogic practice, Monitoring, Supervision, Progress
COVID-19’S IMPACT AND ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING SCIENCE, TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
*ABDULRAHMAN ABDULGAFAR OPEYEMI; **OLANIPEKUN SHOLA SUNDAY; ***HASSAN MUMINI OLAREWAJU (PH.D); & *SULEIMAN HAMDALAT ADEBOLA
*Department of Integrated Science, Kwara State College of Education (Tech.), Lafiagi, Kwara State, Nigeria. **General Studies Education Department, Kwara State College of Education (Tech.), Lafiagi, Kwara State, Nigeria. ***Department of Mathematics Education, Kwara State College of Education (Tech.), Lafiagi, Kwara State, Nigeria
In Nigeria, like in some other parts of the world, the impact of COVID-19 worsened education situation, as seen in the teaching and learning of science, technical and vocational education (STVE). The government responded to the crisis by providing financial assistance to businesses and through prompt payment of monthly salaries to government’s teachers all through the coronavirus outbreak. Yet, alternative methods of teaching and learning STVE were not put in place by various governments across the country. To this extent, this paper assessed COVID-19’s impacts on education, and the teaching and learning of STVE. This impact ranges from interruption of academic activities to cancellation of academic conferences to job losses. It further unraveled novel (alternative) methods that could enhance the teaching and learning of STVE during health crisis as witnessed during the coronavirus outbreak. In this regards, this present article mentioned and discussed flipped classroom model, learning management systems, blended learning, social media platforms among others as innovative means of teaching and learning STVE during pandemic outbreak. The paper concluded by emphasising on proper monitoring in order to ensure the effectiveness of these methods and quality (re)trainings of teachers.
Keywords: COVID-19, Impact, Alternative methods, Science, Technical and Vocational Education
AUDIO-LINGUAL INSTRUCTIONAL METHOD: A TOOL FOR LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH EDUCATION OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT
*ADEOYE, OLUKEMI ESTHER; & **IBITOYE, W. A.
*Department of Special Needs Education, School of Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. **Department of General Studies Education, School of Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This paper focused on audio-lingual instructional method: A tool for language development through education of hearing impairment. Hearing impaired education is the training giving to those who are unable to use hearing mechanism to process sounds with(out) hearing aids. It is considered to be a purposeful intervention designed to train the individual(s) with hearing loss due to congenital or adventitious, pre-lingual or post lingual, conductive or senso-neural, deafness or hard of hearing to make the concerned relevant to the society. Hearing impaired individual(s) is any person with disorder that prevented functionality of perceiving sound for communication. Audio-lingual instructional method is the process of exposing hearing impaired students to language development via oral substance of language for communication knowing fully that sound appreciate is their challenges. Since education is a legal right of the individual, whether hearing or hearing impaired ones, through language competence and performance, the education process is majorly oral focus. This paper realized the fact that hearing impaired students need education without discrimination. So, this research work is necessary for human development. This paper identified factors that necessitated this instructional method (audio-lingual) such as: education, society, communication, record keeping, etc. as well as challenges for its implementation like timing, motivation, multi-capabilities, etc. It also talked on procedures for the method like assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation and modification. The paper emphasized the relevant of using clinical teaching via ‘test-teach-test’ process for making the instructor a research tutor. It emphasized the importance of team work by allowing all related specialists on education of hearing impairment to adequately involved and see themselves has partner in progress. It also stressed the relevant of students learn together has a team for success not competition. The paper round off by suggesting that clinical teaching and teacher should be put in place for the education of hearing impairment, education stakeholders must support collaboration work, inclusive education must be put in place and monitored, total communication should be encouraged along with sign/body language, etc.
Keywords: Audio-lingual, Instructional method, Hearing impairment, Education development and Communication skills.
ASSESSMENT OF THE NEED FOR E-TEACHING AND LEARNING IN BASIC EDUCATION AMIDST COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND BEYOND IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
*ALI MUHAMMAD; **MARYAM SANI; & ***IBRAHIM LUKMAN
*Mohammed Goni College of Legal and Islamic Studies, P.M.B 1526 Borno State, Nigeria. **Department of Foundation School of Education, Federal College of Education (Tech) Gombe State, Nigeria. ***Nguru College of Health Science Technology.
The study assessed the need for e-teaching and learning among basic education amidst covid-19 pandemic and beyond in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to assess the need for e–teaching and learning, provision of e-teaching and learning infrastructures and challenges associated with e-teaching and learning amidst covid-19 pandemic and beyond in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 346 teachers out of the population of 3520 basic education teachers. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Adopted questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated and pilot tested using Chronbach’s Alpha, and yielded a reliability index of 0.79. Data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings revealed that there is need for e–teaching and learning in basic education, e-teaching and learning infrastructures were not provided and there were challenges associated with e-teaching and learning in basic education in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that government at all levels should proffer support to promote online education by providing necessary e-teaching and learning infrastructures, online education system should be incorporated to the national policy on education and added to the existing curriculum , basic education teachers in Bauchi State should be trained on ICT application.
Keywords: Assessment, Need, E-teaching and Learning, Basic Education, Covid-19 pandemic.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS EFFECTIVENESS AND LECTURERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN DECISION MAKING IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA
DR GREMA ALI DAPSHIMA
Department of Educational Foundation, School of Education, Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kanemi College of Education, Science and Technology, P. M. B 16, Bama. Borno State. Nigeria
This study investigated the relationship between management functions effectiveness and lecturers’ involvement in decision making in Colleges of Education in North Eastern Nigeria. The study examined the level of relationship between management functions effectiveness and lecturers’ involvement in decision making in Colleges of Education in North Eastern Nigeria. Six specific objectives were stated. Six null hypotheses were used to guide the study. A correlation survey research design was employed for the study, covering an accessible population of 2,827 (i.e. 288 administrators and 2,539 lecturers) in the 13 Colleges of Education in North Eastern Nigeria. The sample size of the study was 156 administrators and 560 lecturers; using multistage sampling involving stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques to select the sample. In the first stage, the colleges were stratified according to types (federal and state). Six colleges of education; three federal and three state colleges of education were sampled. At the second stage, purposive sampling technique was used to select the administrators (i.e. all the administrators: Provosts, Registrars, Deans and various Heads of Departments in the six Colleges of Education). At the third stage, simple random sampling technique was used to select the lecturers. In simple random sampling, 40% of the population of lecturers (560) was considered as the sample size. Instruments used are questionnaire; Management Functions Effectiveness Questionnaire (MFEQ) contains 40 items and Lecturers Involvement in Decision Making Questionnaire (LIDMQ) contains 40 items for administrators and lecturers. Copies of the questionnaires were validated by four experts. The reliability of the research instruments was determined using Cronbach Alpha. The reliability Coefficient of the research instruments was established as 0.92 and 0.89 respectively. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) and Multiple Correlation Statistics were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study shows that there was a moderate positive relationship between administrators’ management functions effectiveness and lecturers’ involvement in decision making with Correlation Coefficient (r) of (r = 0.53; p < 0.05). The study established that there was a significant moderate positive relationship between administrators’ management functions effectiveness and lecturers’ involvement in decision making. Therefore, administrators in those Colleges of Education should improve their present planning, organizing, coordinating, directing, controlling and lecturers’ involvement in decision making. Based on these findings, it was recommended that administrators in those Colleges of Education should improve their management functions effectiveness and lecturers’ involvement in decision making in Colleges of Education in North Eastern Nigeria for the smooth running of the Colleges of Education system.
Keywords: Management Functions, Administrators, Effectiveness, Decision Making and Lecturers’ Involvement
PRE-SERVICE TEACHER PERCEPTION OF MOBILE BLOGS IN EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF KADUNA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GIDAN-WAYA KAFANCHAN
DR ISIYAKU ABDULRAHEEM
Department of Primary Education Studies, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-Waya Kafancha
The use of mobile blogs in teaching and learning in Nigeria is still at its infancy and a review in the pre-service teacher learning process has become pertinent due to numerous benefits that blogs proffer. One hundred questionnaires were distributed exploring perceptions of pre-service teachers. Descriptive analysis was carried out in the analysis of data using thee Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software. Majority of pre-service teachers were aware of blogs.
INTERPLAY OF CULTURE AND LANGUAGE IN TEACHING AND LEARNING SCIENCE IN NIGERIA
1MATHEW, BOLAJI ALEDARE., 2OLORUNDARE, ANN-, 3OLORUNDARE, JOSHUA. & 4ENIOLORUNDA, OLUBUKOLA
1Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State college of Education, Ankpa, Nigeria. 2Department of French Language, Kogi State college of Education, Ankpa, Nigeria. 3Department of Geography, Kogi State college of Education, Ankpa, Nigeria. 4Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education (Tech) Kabba, Nigeria.
Language is vital in teaching and learning circumstances, not just as a subject taught in school but also as a means of communication between the learner and the teacher. As a result, it’s critical to employ ‘proper’ vocabulary in the classroom. In this context, the term “suitable” refers to a language that can successfully capture and convey all of the teacher’s ambitions for the student in a way that they can understand. The language and culture are being employed equally in the school system in the teaching and learning of science all across the world, especially in industrialized countries. This factor has helped those countries (China, Japan, India, and South Africa to mention but a few) in no small measure in achieving enviable development amongst the committee of nations because learners are able to transfer concepts learnt in the language and culture easily. It is however sad to note that Nigeria, a multilingual with over 400 living languages seems to be reluctant to tap into the benefits of using the language and culture in teaching and learning of science. This paper delves into the various challenges that confront the adoption of an indigenous language as a medium of instruction in formal education in Nigeria and their solutions.
Keywords: Language, Culture, Teaching, Learning, Science.
STUDENT’S CONCEPTUAL CAREER ADVANCE IN OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND ADVANCEMENT IN THE POLYTECHNIC BALI, TARABA STATE
HUSSAINI UMAR HUSSAINI
Officer Technology and Management (OTM) Department, the Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State
This research work was carried out student’s conceptual in career advance in Office Technology and Management, an overview of the Polytechnic Bali,Taraba State Categories of students. Categories of were used to gather information of the above topic Questionnaire and Interviews were methodology adopted. It was discovered that student’s conceptual of their advance can be discover personally to the various chance due to the availability of modern technological resources. The students should be tested for evaluation on slackness and strength of the several field in times of ability. It was recommended among the institution to added new courses in the school curriculum so as to imencroachment better knowledge and training for students, it is good to have a place for reading like library, students center. In conclusion, the advance of students also tends to solve the conceptual of students in production of new technological system, facts, and students conceptual on the effectiveness of advance of the students in the modern office technology compared to that of the past students material advances.
Keyword: students, conceptual, career, advance, OTM students
DETERMINATION OF THE COMMUNICATION SKILLS REQUIRED FOR ENHANCING STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, THE POLYTECHNIC BALI
Department of Office Technology and Management, the Polytechnic Bali
The paper determines communication skills required for enhancing students’ performance in Office Technology and Management programme. Three research questions were answered while one hypothesis is tested at 0.05 level of significance. Survey research design is adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 11 lecturers and 200 students from the department of OTM. The random sampling technique was used to select 80 students from the students population while all the lecturers were studied because of the sizable population. A self- structured questionnaire titled Communication Skills required to Enhance Students performance Questionnaire (CSRESPQ) was used to elicit data from the respondents. The instrument with 12 items was validated by three experts two from the department of OTM and one from the Department of General Studies the Polytechnic Bali. It was structured on a 4 point rating scale of Strongly Agreed, Agreed, Disagreed and Strongly Disagreed with corresponding values of 4, 3, 2 and 1. Cronbach Alpha method was used to test the reliability of the instrument and it yielded a reliability coefficient index of 0.77 which shows that the instrument was reliable for the study. 91 copies of the questionnaires were administered by the researcher and a research assistant. However, 87 copies were retrieved and use for the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test statistics was used to test the hypothesis. The study found that reading skills enhances students’ performance, verbal communication skills is highly required for the enhancement of students performance and listening skill also enhances students’ performance. It was recommended among others that Students of OTM should always communicate with English Language in order to enhance their performance.
Keywords: Communication, Skills, Enhancing and Students Performance.
THE SIGNIFICANT OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
*ARDO MAJI ALIYU; *NDULUE LORETA CHINYERE; AND **IRMIYA JOSHUA
*School of Education Department of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **School of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of CRS, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State
The paper examines the concept of Inclusive Education, need for Inclusive Education, approaches in carrying out Inclusive Education settings. The paper also discusses problems and challenges in the practice of inclusive education, strategies for overcoming the challenges, implications for counselling, conclusion and recommendations providing individual and/ or group counselling to students with special needs within the scope of a comprehensive school programmed form part of the writes up.
Keywords: Inclusive, Education, Problems, Challenges, Disabled children