TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 7 (8) NOVEMBER, 2021 EDITIONS. ISSN: 1942-6754
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
DETERMINATION OF AVAILABILITY AND APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL FACILITIES BY THE TEACHERS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ONITSHA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ANAMBRA STATE
AMAONYE, CHINENYE B.
Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
The world has been revolutionized by the advances in technology which has eased the way of doing things. These advances which resulted in technological facilities have provided fast means of accessing, generating, transferring, storing or processing information to multitude of people in different locality in all fields of endeavours with far reaching impact to life in generality and in education particularly. It has been proven that technological facilities infuse new and innovative forms of support to teachers and students in the learning process through transformation in teaching and learning method thereby enlarging opportunities for quality education. Unfortunately, it has been observed that the secondary education system has not approximate technological facilities which may be unconnected with the non-availability and consequently poor utilization. Therefore, it recommended that the government and other stakeholders in education should ensure adequate technological facilities to improve teaching and learning in education among others.
Keywords: Availability, Application, Technological, Teachers, Effective Teaching and Learning.
ASSESSMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF SECURITY CHALLENGES ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE
AJABOR, DANIEL NKEONYE; & ICHAZU, KINGSLEY
Department of Educational Foundations, University of Delta, Agbor.
This study aimed at assessing the influence of security challenges on students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in Delta State. The study had two research questions and two hypotheses. The study was a descriptive survey design. The population of the study consists of 225,991 students in Delta State. A sample of 120 students were selected using purposive sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire titled the influence of security challenges on students’ academic performance in public secondary schools. The questionnaire was patterned after a Likert scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A) Disagree (D) and Strongly Disagree (SD). The instrument had face and construct validities. A reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha method of reliability as measure of internal consistency. Descriptive statistics of Mean was used to analyze the research questions formulated while inferential statistics of t-test was used to test hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Decision rule of mean of 2.50 was used as a benchmark for analysis. The findings of the study showed that security challenges affect students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in Delta State. Based on the findings it was recommended that government at all levels should intensify efforts to minimize security challenges and causative factors of insecurity in schools.
Keywords: Assessment, Security challenges, Academic performance.
SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR EFFECTIVE SERVICE DELIVERY IN 21ST CENTURY
1DR. MRS. MULKAH, A. AHMED, 2MATHEW, B. ALEDARE & 3DR. IBRAHIM A. AMINU
1Department of Science Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 2Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa 3Department of Biology, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa.
Science education is the application of educational (learning) theories to the never-ending pursuit of knowledge, resulting in the development of the cognitive, emotional, and psychomotor domains through a variety of methods. Systematic processes comprising thorough observation, deduction, and empirical testing are a sure tool for promoting any state’s development. This is because its recipients would be able to solve the ever-present issues of living in society by applying their knowledge. Because of the importance of science education to national development, the Nigerian government has made it a priority in both its Constitution and National Policy on Education. In spite of this, its proper development in the country appears elusive due to the government underfunding of the entire education sector resulting in the non actualization of the its science education dreams in the country. In light of the foregoing, it is recommended, among other things, that priority attention be given to science-based education in the country’s educational planning, as well as that such plans be followed up with genuine commitments at the implementation level, so that Nigeria, like other countries, can maximize the benefits of a well-planned, funded, and executed science education programme for the stimulation of the country’s development, particularly with a Vision 20:20.20 in mind. The developed countries of the globe pay attention to this section.
Keywords: Science Education, Effective, Tool & Service delivery
CHILD FRIENDLY LEARNING ENVIRONMENT A PANACEA FOR INEFFECTIVE LEARNING
*DR. AMINU SANI; **DR. ABIGAIL S. KARFE; & *DR. NWUNUJI EMMANUEL GARBA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo. **Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The paper centred on child friendly learning environment: A panacea for ineffective learning. The paper dwelled on proper definition of concepts, which include child friendly environment concept of learning, relationship between child friendly environment, and motivation to learn. Also, qualitative research approach was used to draw the important data for the study. The sources of data were past these, UNICEF annual report, journals, books and periodicals. Conclusion and recommendations were made to improve learning environment for effective learning. The paper indicated clearly that child friendly environment is a panacea for ineffective learning of school children
Keywords: Child, Friendly, Environment, Panacea, Effective, Learning
PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE OF HERDSMEN KIDNAPPINGS TRAUMA ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE AMIDST COVID-19 AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
*REV. FR. DR. BAHAGO SAMAILA BENEDICT; **DR. ADEOLA NGOZI ADEDOJA; ***DR. CAROLINE ADUKE TOLORUNLEKE; & ****DR. BANDO JAMES
*Department of Educational Foundations, Veritas University, Abuja. **Federal Government College Bwari. ***Department of Educational Psychology, FCT College of Education, Zuba – Abuja. ****Department of Library and Information Science, University of Abuja.
This study examined the Psychological Influence of Fulani Herdsmen Kidnappings Trauma on Students’ Academic Motivation and Performance amidst COVID-19 among Secondary School Students in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Two research questions guided the study. A 25-items research questionnaire constructed by the researchers was used to collect data for the survey. The questionnaire consisted of two sections, rated on the modified 4-points Likert scale. The data obtained from the respondents were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. A purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 160 students who are victims of herdsmen kidnappings and 152 non-victim students making a total of 312 students as sample size in the study area (Chukun, Kajuru, and Kagarko LGAs of Kaduna State). The findings revealed that there was a significant mean difference in respondents’ perception between the academic performance of secondary school students who were victims and those who were not victims of herdsmen kidnappings and a significant difference in respondents’ perception between the academic motivation of secondary school students who were victims and those who were not victims of herdsmen kidnappings. The study therefore recommended that teachers and school administrators should pay more attention to traumatized students when teaching and refer them to school psychologists and counsellors where necessary. Students who experience traumatic stress and signs of mental health problems should be given relevant therapy. Conducive atmosphere should be provided by government to improve mental health and security in schools and enhance effective teaching and learning.
Keywords: Academic Motivation, Academic Performance, COVID-19, Herdsmen Kidnappings, Psychological Influence.
INFLUENCE OF COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS ON ENROLMENT AND RETENTION OF EDUCATION STUDENTS IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OYE, EKITI STATE
*OLUWASEYI EMMANUEL ALASOLUYI, (Ph.D)1; **BINTA MUHAMMAD YARINCHI2; ***OLUWASEYI EMMANUEL ALASOLUYI, (Ph.D)
*National Teachers’ Institute, AUD-Isolo, Lagos state, Nigeria. **Lecturer, Department of Educational Psychology, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria. ***Department of Education, National Teachers’ Institute, AUD-Isolo, Lagos, Nigeria
The study explored the influence of cost-benefit analysis on enrolment and retention of education students in Federal University Oye, Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study was set to: find out the influence of cost-benefit analysis on enrolment of education students in Federal University Oye-Ekiti; determine the influence of cost-benefit analysis on retention of education students in Federal University Oye-Ekiti; and ascertain if the costs exceed the benefits and the magnitude of differences using a descriptive survey research design. Random sampling technique was used to determine the sample size, which comprise 1 faculty officer and 346 students. A self-developed questionnaire and interview was used to generate data. The instrument was pilot-tested and a reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha which indicates a high reliability index for the instrument. Data collected was analyzed using frequency count, mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions raised while chi-square for contingency table was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that cost-benefit analysis significantly influenced the enrolment and retention rates of education students in Federal University Oye-Ekiti. Additionally, greater magnitude of differences existed between costs and benefits. Key recommendations made include that: the Federal Government of Nigeria should significantly increase the scholarships, bursaries, and other student financial aids so that higher education can be price elastic in relation to subsidy, resulting in increased student enrolment and retention.
Keywords: Cost, Benefit, Enrolment, Retention, Education Programmes.
INTEGRATION OF AUDIO VISUAL MEDIA IN PRIMARY SCHOOL INSTRUCTION FOR REFORMING TEACHING AND LEARNING: CASE OF KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT, BAUCHI STATE-NIGERIA
*MAGAJI SHEHU; **DR. BENARD CHOMBA MUGO; & **PROF. SAMSON R. ONDIGO
*Foundation Department School of Education Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi state, Nigeria. **Department of Educational, Information and Communication, Faculty of Education Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
The purpose of this study was to examine the integration of audio visual media in instruction of primary schools as one of the factor for reforming the quality of teaching and learning in such sector of education in order to have sustainable development. This study was carried out in Katagum local government area of Bauchi state-Nigeria. The objectives of the study were: (i) To establish the types of Audio visual media available in the public primary schools. (ii) To analyze the extent to which teachers integrate Audio visual media in instruction of primary schools. (iii) To find out challenges of integrating audio-visual media. (iv) To find out the relevance of integrating audio-visual media. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and data collected were largely descriptive in nature. Target population for this study comprised all the public primary schools and all teachers. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the sample of ten (10) public primary schools, and one hundred and two (102) class teachers. Instruments for data collection were questionnaire for teachers and Class observation tool. Data analysis was done using frequency, percentages and graphs. Findings indicated that majority of schools have inadequate audio visual media like electronics ones. In addition majority of the respondents revealed that they lack training on how to handle some of the media. Furthermore, the following recommendations were offered, Government through State Universal Basic Education Board should provide funds for acquisition of required instructional media. Also the Government should organize sensitization programs on the current development and progress in integration of audio visual media on instruction.
KEYWORDS: Audio-visual media, instruction, integration, reform, quality teaching
AN ANALYSIS OF ENUMERATED AND FACETED LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION FOR VIABLE KNOWLEDGE ORGANISATION
*IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI MAYOBANI; **FATSUMA HARUNA; & *YA, U ABDULLAHI
*Department of library and information science (DLIS), federal polytechnic, Mubi. **Professor Jibril Aminu library, Federal Polytechnic Mubi.
The article primarily focused on evaluating enumerative and faceted library classification schemes in guiding librarians to have principles and guidelines involves in classification system. five topics based on environmental studies were effectively evaluated to aid in deciding classification system for special libraries, applying environmental science topics. The article presented real-world classification in tables which identifies; the main subjects, the analysis of the subjects, the topics component concept, the form of the documents, the major discipline of the topic and additional comments, it also analysed the enumerative classification scheme, such as Dewey decimal classification (the DDC) as well the DDC suggested class marks. Additionally, it specifies breakdown of the number building from major class number to more specific class mark for the documents, with critical appraisal, essentially based on faceted classification scheme Universal decimal classification (the UDC) involving the UDC suggested class marks, breakdown of the number building showing main class number, the various basic UDC auxiliaries used for classifying the documents. The article concludes by summarising the practical exercise with critical evaluation using sources from notable professional scholars in librarianship
Keywords: faceted enumerated, library classification, environmental studies, knowledge organisation.
CHALLENGES OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOR HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI Ph.D
Human Capital Policy Department (NISER)
A major factor for explaining Nigeria’s predicaments is her inability to develop the right human capital mixes is the focus of this article. Nigeria’s efforts at developing formidable human capital are challenged by certain inadequacies in the education sectors such as underfunding, dearth of infrastructures, corruption, examination malpractice. This study examined the major challenges hampering the development of human capital in Nigeria. Education which constitutes the arch-pillars in the human capital development is in moribund conditions in Nigeria because the governments in Nigeria have not made well-articulated attempts, nor demonstrated strong and genuine commitment to improving the quality of educational services in the country. Some of the identified problems include underfunding of the education sector leading to dearth of learning and operational infrastructures; the issue of highly entrenched corruption; examination malpractice in the sector leading to undertraining and production of poor-quality manpower which exacerbates the scarcity of highly skilled professionals in all fields. The study recommended that Nigeria should prioritize human capital development in its national development plan by reviewing its education policies and increase budgetary allocation to this critical sector to meet UNESCO and WHO specifications, government to provide genuine political will and sincere commitment, to resuscitate the dilapidated educational facilities across the country, drastic measures must be taken to tackle corruption among stakeholders in all the sub-sectors of Nigerian educational institutions. Nigerian National Assembly should legislate improvement in skilled professionals in the interest of the nation’s overall development.
Keywords: Challenges, Higher education, Human capital, Development, Nigeria.
THE INFORMATION BROWSING STYLE IN INDIVIDUAL SEEKING BEHAVIOR IN 21 CENTURY IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
Library Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.
This paper investigates the major criteria of searching as an information browsing style and explain the merits and demerits of indirect searching tactics for answering issues. variety of searching styles are investigating with reference to typical searching services available with regard to bibliographic and complete information retrieval arrangements, the connected library catalogues services and the net or web. The Importance in on significant function of searching in the information looking ways, although it has not involved same interest as more investigative keyword search styles are the same valuable style for categorizing relevant information. This paper is founded on desktop evaluation of pertinent works of the literature and the writer interpretations.
Keywords: Information, Browsing, Individual, Seeking, Academic Libraries.
THE NEED FOR PRESERVATION OF LIBRARY COLLECTIONS
ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD; AND MARGARET A. AMAO
Abu Ali Library, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
This paper discusses the need of preserving deterioration of library resources which has been one of the greatest challenges plaguing the libraries. In order to savage these library resources of individual Library from deterioration of before damage has occurred. It is also concerned with preventing damage in order to extend the life expectancy of library collections. It further highlights the methods of preserving library collections, proffering recommendations in addressing issues bordering preservation of library collection by the librarians.
Keywords: Preservation, Library, Collections, Deterioration, Need
THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS ACQUISITION OF GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS IN NIGERIAN LIBRARIES
ISAH SHUAIBU; AHMED BALA UMAR; & HABIBAT UMAR JAJA
Federal Polytechnic Bauchi Department of Library and Information Science
Government documents of publications are very useful to government officials for reference and continuity purposes and to the public as informational sources about the activities of government. The problems encountered in the process of acquisition are discussed, especially the inadequate lists of such publications; the lack of continuous supply which creates gaps in the collection; the ineffective means of publishing and distributing the documents; and the non-inclusion of government publications in the legal deposit act. Solutions are proffered on how to acquire easily.
Keywords: Problems, Prospects, Acquisition, Publications, Nigerian Libraries
IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF INSECURITY IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA
DR CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU
College of Education Zing, Taraba State
This paper explicated the implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) in the face of the challenges of insecurity in North Eastern Nigeria. The paper highlighted the goals and objectives of the UBE programme and how the goals and objectives were being pursue until the challenges of insecurity started affecting the full implementation of the UBE programme in North Eastern States of Nigeria. The paper pointed out that the major areas of the UBE programme that are affected by the challenges of insecurity are increased number of out of school children (school dropped out), destruction of school infrastructure, lack of qualified teacher and reduced teachers’ morale, poor attendance to school and lack of learning materials and school funiture among others. The researcher concluded that insecurity challenges are hindering the full attainment of the goals and objectives of the UBE. It was recommended that educational stakeholders should highlight the incidence and impact of attacks on education in conflict and insecurity among key actors and cultivate public support for safe education and promote effective programmes and policies to protect education from attack, including prevention and response as well as encourage adherence to existing international laws protecting education and the strengthening of international norms and standards as needed.
Keywords: Implementation, Universal Basic Education, Challenges, Insecurity, North Eastern Nigeria
A CONTEMPLATIVE PROPOSITION FOR THE REINVIGORATION OF VISUAL ART CURRICULUM TO MEET CHALLENGES OF MODERN DAY SECURITY IN NIGERIA
YUSUF A. ABDULRASAQ; & LAMI NUHU ADI-GANI
Department of Fine and Applied arts, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
The content of a curriculum is derivative from the yearnings and aspirations of the society it is meant to serve. Suffice is to say that Nigeria currently has such a working educational document, the contention is not on the basis of the availability but on the fact that the curriculum, as it is currently presented, is not and will never be everlastingly perfect to surmount current and future challenges. If the postulation of the imperfection of a curriculum is ascertain by all, then the existing framework, in the face of current security challenges, makes it desirable for a re-jiggling. This paper highlighted the missing link in the curriculum as it affects the study of visual arts by stressing the current position of societal needs, the paper also espoused the aspect of the role of art in the society that succinctly addresses the current security challenges and was also suggestive of what the content of the curriculum should entail, the paper was summed up with a conclusion that the solution to the current upheavals should be holistic.
Keywords: Curriculum, Societal needs, Visual Arts, Security challenges.