TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 6 (8) AUGUST, 2021 EDITIONS. ISSN: 1942-6754
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
ASSESSMENT OF RELIGION AND MORAL STUDIES EDUCATION CURRICULUM AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION
DR DORGU THERESA EBIERE
Faculty of Education, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
The study assesses the religious and moral studies education curriculum as an instrument for national integration. This study employed descriptive survey research design where questionnaire was used to acquire necessary data for the research work. Population comprises of all tertiary institutions in Abeokuta, Ogun State. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 5tertiary institution students which were randomly selected from each of the chosen institutions to make a total of 100 as sample for the study. Two (2) research questions were raised and answered in this study. Reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha and data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. The research findings revealed that religion and moral studies education are the determinant of student’s characters and behaviour that either influence their academic ability positively or negatively. The study therefore recommends that teachers should create an atmosphere of trust and act as role models in order to encourage and motivate students to learn values of honesty, trust and good behaviour that will make them to behave morally in the society
Keywords: Religious, Moral Studies, Integration, Instrument, Curriculum
COUNSELLORS PERCEPTION OF CAUSES AND COUNSELLING STRATEGIES IN REDUCING DEPRESSION AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN OGIDI EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE
NWOBI NGOZIKA L. (Ph.D); NNADI GRACE C. (Ph.D); OJO TAIWO; & MOKWELU BLESSING
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Depression is one of the disease burdens that has negative consequences on both males and females, though females are adversely affected. This study was carried out in Ogidi education zone of Anambra state. The research design adopted for this study was descriptive survey and three research questions guided the study. The questionnaire titled ‘’Causes, Consequences and Counselling Strategies in Reducing Depression Among Married Women Questionnaire’’(CCCSRDAMWQ) was filled by all the counsellors in the state. Since population is small there is no need for sample. The questionnaire has 29 items. The reliability of co-efficient was 0.89. This was determined by subjecting the instrument to trial testing. The internal consistency was determined using Cronbach alpha method. Answers to these research questions were analyzed using mean scores. Findings were: The main causes of depression among married women includes pregnancy, child birth substance abuse, domestic violence, poverty among others coupled with its negative consequences such as suicidal thought, drug dependence and troubled relationship among others. While counselling strategies such as cognitive behaviour therapy, interpersonal coping skills, connection with friends, resolving conflicts among others have the potentials in reducing depression among married women. Based on the findings recommendations were made among which includes posting of counsellors to health institutions to work on the irrational thinking of the depressed women as well as equip these women with coping skills.
Keywords; Depression, Counselling, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy , Inter personal therapy.
EVALUATING THE ROLE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA IN CLASSROOM FOR PROMOTING TOLERANCE IN CULTURAL DEVERSE SOCIETY
*DR. R. M. QUAYE; & **DR. A. A. ADEDIRAN
*Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife, Osun State, Nigeria. **Social Studies Department, School of Arts & Social Sciences, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
The study evaluates the role of instructional media in classroom for promoting tolerance in cultural diverse society. It is a non-experimental study, which involves the use of a simply survey research design where questionnaires were used to acquire necessary data for the research work. Population comprises of all secondary school in Abeokuta South Local Government, Ogun State. Random sampling technique was used to select 10 secondary schools students in Abeokuta South Local Government, Ogun State, 15 students were randomly selected from each of the chosen school to make a total of 150 as sample for study. Two (2) research questions were raised and answered in this study. Reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha and data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, mean and standard deviation statistical tool. The research findings concluded that instructional media are vital in the teachinglearning process. Instructional mediain schools is important for promoting tolerance and activities that allow students to engage in/observe pro-social behaviour, helping others who might belong to a different social group and have the potential to help young people become active and responsible citizens. It is therefore recommended that both students and teachers perceived instructional media to be vital in the teaching-learning process, school administration should ensure good supply of various media resources and teachers’ training on how to use the media resources effectively.
Keywords: Cultural Diverse, Instructional Media, Classroom, Tolerance, Society.
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, REASONING ABILITY, MEMORY-CAPACITY AND INTELLIGENCE AS PREDICTORS TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN BIOLOGY AMONG UNDERGRADUATES STUDENTS IN NORTH-CENTRAL UNIVERSITIES, NIGERIA
1DANGANA MUSA; 2PROF. I. A. USMAN; 3PROF. T. E. LAWAL; & 4PROF. J. S. MARI2
1, 3 & 4Science Education Department, ABU, Zaria. 2Institute of Education, ABU, Zaria.
The study investigated emotional intelligence, reasoning ability, memory-capacity and intelligence as predictors to academic achievement in biology among undergraduate Biology Education students in north-central Universities, Nigeria. The sample of three hundred and twenty seven (327) 200L B. Sc (Ed) Biology students were selected for the study. Study subjects were selected using simple random sampling (draw from the hat method). Ex-Po-Factor design involving correlation study was adopted for the study. Four instruments used for data collection were TEIQue, GALT, MIA and RPMT with reliability coefficient obtained at 0.86, 0.73, 0.84 and 0.92 respectively, while, the subjects Grade Point Average (GPA) was used to measure their academic achievement. Five research questions were stated for this study. The research questions were analysed using correlation and regression analysis. Major finding of the study shows that, there was a positive relationship between emotional intelligence, reasoning ability, memory-capacity, intelligence and academic achievement and that all the independent variables are good predictors to academic achievement but at different rate. Based on this, it was concluded that emotional intelligence, reasoning ability, memory capacity and intelligence are good predictors to academic achievement in biology and that reasoning ability is the best predictor to academic achievement than other variables. It is therefore recommendations that students of all levels should be exposed to emotional intelligence, reasoning ability, memory-capacity and intelligence skills in addressing students with academic problems.
Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Reasoning Ability, Memory-Capacity, Intelligence and Academic Achievement.
INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS AND USE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES ON STUDENTS’ RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NORTH-CENTRAL, NIGERIA
JIBRIN, HABIBA YUSUF; & DR. EVEREST C. MADU
Library and Information Technology Dept., Federal University of Technology, Minna.
This paper assessed the influence of information literacy skills and use of electronic information resources on students’ research activities of federal universities in North-central, Nigeria. The study was guided by three objectives and three corresponding research questions. Survey research design method was adopted for the study. The total population for the study was 137,888 which comprise of all students of federal universities in North-Central, Nigeria. The sample size for the study was 2,545 drawn using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) table of determining the sample size of a population. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Out of the two thousand five hundred and forty-five (2,545) copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents, two thousand three hundred and seventy three (2,373) copies of questionnaire were filled, returned and found usable for the analysis representing 93% response rate. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The result of the analysis revealed that information literacy skills utilised by students were mainly the ability to initiate how and where to find information they need, ability to access needed information related to their topic of research, ability to determine needed information for a specific assignment and the ability to use information in critical thinking and problem solving. Similarly, the study revealed further that the respondents agreed with all the factors inhibiting or confronting the use of electronic information resources for students’ research activities with the exception of item 1 and 7. The study recommended among others that the management of federal universities in North-Central, Nigeria should encourage students on their information literacy skill set by introducing search strategies using Boolean logic and keywords and also enlighten them through workshops and seminars on how to evaluate World Wide Web (WWW) sources as not only sources available on the web can be used for academic activities, the management of federal universities in North-Central, Nigeria should try to install Internet services as well as provide alternative means of power supply for effective and efficient use of electronic information resources among students to support their research activities.
Keywords: Electronic Information Resources, Information literacy skills, Research activities, Use
A SURVEY OF GENDER DIFFERENCE IN TEST ANXIETY AMONG STUDENTS OF SA’ADATU RIMI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION KUMBOTSO, KANO STATE
MUHAMMAD GADDAFI SHUAIBU
Department of Education, Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State
This research was carried out to assess the gender difference in test anxiety among students Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano state. Two objectives, two research questions and two hypothses were formulated to guide the study. The research design employed was ex-post-facto survey design. The population of the study was level two hundred students of School of Vocational and Technical Education of 2019/2020 session comprising of 1070 students. From the population, 220 students were sampled. and Test Anxiety Scale (TAS) was used as an instrument for data collection. The instrument was developed by Sarason and Spielberger. It has internal consistency reliability estimates (test-retest) of 0.88 and a temporal stability coefficient of 0.75. Students CGPA of the sampled students were collected and analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and T-test independent sample by using SPSS. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant influence of anxiety in the test performance of SRCEK students and there is no significant gender difference in the influence of anxiety on test performance of SRCEK students. Among the recommendations of the study are: lectures should simplify their teaching by using good methods of teaching and use of good examples and illustrations, this will reduce the level of test anxiety of the students. Students should work hard, be committed to their study and prepare well for the test as a mechanism of reducing anxiety in a test.
Keywords: Gender difference, Test Anxiety, Sa’adatu Rimi, College of Education.
INFLUENCE OF MEDIA LITERACY ON MEDIA CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABEOKUTA, OGUN STATE
*OMOWUMI BUKOLA OLASEINDE, PhD; **OLUSEGUN OJOMO, PhD; ***PETER OLAYINKAAWOFADEJU, PhD; & ****FEMI ONIFADE, PhD
*Department of Mass Communication, Achievers University, Ondo State. **Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ogun State. ***Department of Mass Communication, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Osun State. ****Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi State
This study examines media consumption pattern and media literacy among secondary school students in Abeokuta Municipal, with the main objective of investigating the influence of media literacy on consumption pattern of secondary schools in Abeokuta. Survey design was used to study students of two secondary schools- MACJOB Grammar School (government owned) and Sacred Heart College (Privately owned) in Abeokuta as study population of 429 from which 120 students were sampled using multi stage sampling technique. Data was analyzed using frequency tables and percentage. Findings reveal that students know the motives behind media contents which influence their consumption, however they know little about the influence of media consumption on them saying they do what they see in the media as many of the students could not describe reality or otherwise of the contents they view in the media. Also, it revealed that majority of the students (54%) learnt something in the media which influenced their language use, relationship, dressing and more. It thereby concluded that secondary school students have knowledge of the motives behind what they consume in the media but do not know the influence of what they consume on them which calls for intensive media literacy. It is recommended for parents therefore to shape their teenagers’ exposure to media content and teach them the right knowledge before they cultivate knowledge from the media and that Nigerian government should enrich secondary school curriculum to incorporate basic media subjects like civic education for proper media literacy.
Keywords: Media, Consumption Pattern, Media Literacy
EFFECT OF INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA
IBRAHIM NDACE; MUHAMMAD ABUBAKAR GIWA; & AMINU ZAKI GWANDU
Federal College of Education, Katsina
This study examine the “ effect of instructional video on academic performance of social studies students in secondary schools of Katsina state”, the study adopted a quasi – experimental design, three objective were drawn and three research were also drawn with two intact class comprising of male and female students. Three research hypotheses was also use to answer the research questions. This study reviewed some literatures which indicate the application of instructional video to instruction could bring about increased in retention of content and could also induce active participation of learners in lesson. Some conceptual framework which highlight the instructional video, academic performance and concept, nature and scope of social studies, Quasi experimental design was adopted involving pretest, post test, control, and treatment, the population of the study is all JSS II students in Katsina state, J.SS schools, only some schools were selected in Katsina metropolises, the table of the J.SS II students appears in the appendices, two intact class in G.D. J.SS Kofar Kaura Katsina was use as the sample and sapling techniques. Social studies achievement test was developed and validated. Data collected were analyzed using t-test statistic and result revealed that the rejection and retention region of the stated hypotheses was set at 0.05 level of significance. The study conclude that instructional video enhance the academic performance of social studies students and shows that female students performance better than male students after exposing them to instruction video .it also make some recommendations, which are the use of instructional should be encouraged for basic social studies teachers, professional organization such as social studies students association of Nigeria (SOSSAN) should organize seminar, workshops and conferences. Federal and state ministry of education should sponsor basic social studies teachers for refresher training on design, selection and utilization of instructional video.
HEIGHTEN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS THROUGH PEER TUTORING
OSHIN, OLAYEMI OYENIKE (Ph.D)
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
Findings revealed that the teaching methods adopted in most secondary schools is teacher centred which is one of the factors that contributes to below average performance of students and for improved performance in students’ academic performance there is need to shift the teaching strategy from teachers centred to students centred. Therefore, this study found how to improve teaching and learning of Mathematics in secondary schools through Peer Tutoring which is one of the students centred method. Four hypotheses were set at p≤ 0.05 level of significance. 2X2 factorial design in quasi-experimental research was used. One experimental group and one control group was used for the study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select two local government areas within Oyo town and one school from each of the two LGA. One intact class each was used from the two schools. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and T-test were used for data analysis. The result revealed that the mean achievement scores of students taught with peer tutoring was 17.56 and 8.19 for those taught with Conventional teaching method. The mean gain in achievement scores of students taught with Peer tutoring was higher than that for Conventional teaching method. There was a statistically significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students exposed to Peer Tutoring and Conventional Teaching methods and male students with mean score 14.63 performed better than the female students with mean of 11.63. There is interaction effect of the two instructional techniques on academic achievement of students. It was concluded that peer tutoring is an effective learning/teaching strategy. For students to be actively involved and perform better it was recommended that Mathematics teachers should combine peer tutoring with conventional teaching method.
Keywords: Peer, Tutoring, Mathematics, Achievement, Strategy, schools
IMPACT OF INTEGRATING ICT TOOLS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN POLYTECHNICS IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
UKONU, EGBE ELIZABETH; & HABI, JINGI UMAR
Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi.
This study brought to the fore the impact of integrating ICT tools for effective teaching and learning in Polytechnics in Adamawa State. The study was carried out to find out what constitute effective teaching and learning by integrating ICT, to identify the importance of integrating ICT tools for effective teaching and learning and to ascertain the factors militating against integrating ICT for effective teaching and learning in Polytechnics in Adamawa State. The research design adopted for this study was the survey design. The population of the study comprised of 1,181 lecturers in Polytechnics in Adamawa State. Taro Yamane formula was used in determining the sample size of 299 lecturers. A simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the subjects through balloting method. The method used in data collection was through 47 items structured questionnaire designed by the researcher which was completed by the respondents. To ensure for face and content validity, experts in the field of Office Technology and Management validated the instrument. To ensure for internal consistency, the researcher conducted a pilot test and used Cronbach Alpha statistic in establishing the reliability coefficient of 0.82. The reliability coefficient 0.82 shows that the instrument was reliable for the study. The Mean and Standard deviation were used in answering the research questions while the t-Test was used in analyzing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. From the data analyzed, it was revealed that effective use of star boards, magic boards and thinkboards, ability to use internet technologies, students embracing e-learning are some of what constitute effective use of ICT tools. Some importance of ICT are that it is a catalyst for change in working conditions, handling and exchanging information and assessing information among others, helps in developing cognitive, critical thinking and synthesis skills, ICT supported learning environment could be beneficial to a constructivist teaching approach. It was also revealed that lack of motivation for both teachers and students to use ICT, inadequate emphasis in teacher education curriculum for proper training skills, lack in available latest ICT equipment and lack of expert technical staff are some of the factors militating against the use of ICT tools. The two hypotheses were tested and not rejected because both gender and institution type were not statistically significant. The p-values were more than t-value. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: Government at both Federal and state levels should provide enough funding for education to procure adequate ICT tools for easy integration in the classroom, lecturers should constantly be trained and retrained to be abreast of the latest ICT tools for effective teaching and learning process, teachers and students should be adequately motivated to use ICTs among others
Keywords: Integrating, ICT tools, effective teaching and learning, Polytechnics
INSECURITY CHALLENGES AND ITS IMPLICATION ON OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (OTM) EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
NWADIUKO OKIKE AZU; HABU JINGI UMAR; & HALILU HAMMAN
Department of Office Technology and Manaagement Federal Polytechnic, Mubi. Adamawa State.
The paper is aimed at examining insecurity in Nigeria and its implication on Office Technology and Management (OTM) education in Nigeria. It looked at the concept of insecurity, security, causes of insecurity, education and insecurity, implication of insecurity on OTM education and lastly the way forward. The paper pointed out that insecurity challenges in the country is enormous and complex and would continue to be if drastic measures are not taken. The paper also noted that poor infrastructural designs in schools can expose students to insecurity problems like hazards and stress. The paper concluded that Nigeria is sitting on a time bomb that may explode at any time if drastic measures are not taken. It therefore suggested that the way forward could be that the government at various levels should develop and improve policies and institutional means of dealing with security concern arising in the country. It also suggested that empowering Nigerians through skill acquisition-oriented courses and training will go a long way to change their mind sets towards productive ventures and adequate Office Technology and Management (OTM) programme is a panacea for achieving sustainability of the economic needs of the youth.
Keywords: Insecurity, Security, Office Technology and Management, Education
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE PREVALENCE OF ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN AZARE METROPOLIS BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
NASIRU NUHU GARKUWA; HARUNA SAIDU PALI; & SANI MAIGADAU
Department of Psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This research work was aimed at finding the gender difference in the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among primary six pupils in Azare metropolis of Bauchi State Nigeria. Ex-post facto design was employed for the study, the population of the study comprises of 126 primary 6 pupils who were found to have ADHD in Azare metropolis of Bauchi state (87males, 39 females) who were purposively selected using purposive sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was adapted ADHD diagnostic rating scale which has a reliability coefficient of .69 descriptive statistic and t-test for independent sample was used in SPSS statistical package of computer programme so as a to determine whether the hypotheses will be accepted or rejected. Some of the findings revealed that there is significant gender difference in the prevalence of inattention while there is no significant gender difference in the prevalence of hyperactivity and impulsivity. Based on the findings from the study it is recommended that teachers and parent need to be educated on the symptom of ADHD so as to handle children with the disorder properly.
Keywords: Gender difference, Prevalence, Inattention, Hyperactive, Impulsive, Primary pupils.
POST-NATIONAL DIPLOMA INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA STUDENTS
1JIMOH, TAJUDEEN ADISA; & 2BANJO, ABOSEDE OLUBUNMI
The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro
The mandatory one-year industrial training which is a fundamental pre-requisite for admission into Higher National Diploma programmes in Nigerian polytechnics was instituted to expose students to real life work situation and prepare them for future life and academic endeavours. This study was conducted to examine the impact one-year post-national diploma industrial training experience on the academic achievement of polytechnic students. The study was carried out at the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro and a sample of 200 Higher National Diploma students was randomly selected on a proportionate distribution from the five faculties in the Polytechnic. Three hypotheses formulated on three academic achievement factors – self-report academic achievement, motivation for academic excellence and students’ academic engagement were tested with industrial training experience at 0.05 level of significance. Simple regression and correlation tests results indicate positive relationship between Students’ Industrial Training Experience and each of the academic achievement variables. The results show that the one-year Post-National Diploma Industrial Training has significant impact on the academic achievement of the Higher National Diploma students. It was therefore concluded that one-year industrial training which is a mandatory requirement for admission into Higher National Diploma programmes of polytechnics is a programme that avail the trainees a wide range of opportunities for future academic endeavours and workplace performance. It was recommended, among others, that students should undergo the one-year industrial training purposefully and diligently while polytechnics should make efforts to create good relationship with industries taking up the students for the industrial training.
Keywords: Industrial Training, Post-National Diploma, Academic Achievement, Polytechnic Students
TECHNOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: AN INVESTIGATION OF HAUSA TEACHERS’ TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARABA STATE
ALI, AHMADI ALKALI (Ph.D)
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The 21st century gives room for drastic changes in ways and manners in which teaching is done. In fact, 21st century teachers are saddles with the responsibility of grooming students that high-tech savvy. By implication teaching has to be done with the aid of modern technology in all subjects, Hausa inclusive. This current study investigates technology integration of Hausa teachers in senior public secondary schools in Taraba State with the view to unravel the level of technology integration in Hausa classroom; and to determine the technology-related barriers towards technology integration in Hausa classroom. The study was guided by two research questions and two research hypotheses. It was a quantitative study and descriptive survey design was employed while Hausa teachers and Students who offer Hausa in SSII totaling three thousand five hundred and eight (3,508) constituted target population. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 10% of the population (i.e., 350) to serve as sample size for the study. A self-developed questionnaire titled technology integration and Hausa teacher classroom questionnaire (TIHTCQ) was used for data collection with yielded reliability coefficient of 0.78% after using Cronbach alpha with Test retest on fifty (50) respondents in private school. The data collected were subjected to descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, and mean (X) for answering research questions while Chi-square (X2) analysis was used for testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that the level of technology integration significantly impact on Hausa classroom in senior public secondary schools; and that technology-related barriers significantly impact on technology integration in senior public secondary schools in Taraba State. Among others, it was recommended that school administrators should pay attention to provision of modern educational devices and gadgets so as to encourage teachers and students to use them; and that as a matter of exigency, issues surrounding teachers’ training and retraining should be prioritized by the school administrators to boost teachers’ confidence in integrating modern technology to the classroom activities. The study concluded that technology diversity is essential in modern teaching-learning process.
Keywords: Technology integration, level of technology, technology barrier, Hausa teacher, secondary students.
THE IMPACT OF CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN EDUCATION RESEARCH
AJAH MERCY EBERECHI
School of General Studies, Department of Languages, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State
The key questions which have always been the focus of attention in foreign language teaching and learning address problems of how to encourage and motivate learners to study more effectively and how to educate teachers to make this happen. The present volume reflects a selection of themes and topics which take up some of these issues, presented and discussed at the Sieradz English Teaching and Research Forum organized by the Foreign Language Teacher Training College in Sieradz in April 2014. Drawing on a range of new developments in linguistic theory and foreign language pedagogy, this volume brings together theoretical perspectives and new empirical studies in the field of foreign language teaching and foreign language teacher education in Poland. My presentation at the conference (Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk 2014a) focused on the contribution of Cognitive Linguistics and language corpora to the analysis of English and Polish grammar and vocabulary and to the development of effective techniques of semantics- and grammar- awareness-raising with FL learners. The linguistic area discussed involved questions which arise with reference to time, temporality and time experience and their manifestation in language. These questions include a number of more specific issues. The first relates to the way the experience humans acquire and possess is organized in terms of a temporal framework and how this experience is expressed in the grammatical categories available in the languages they use. Another particular issue is how linguistic forms accommodate various types of time concepts and particularly temporal displacement, in which the actual temporal point of reference in a real context is different from that described or referred to in a linguistic utterance. The question of the nature of mental models language users develop to grasp and convey the notion of time, particularly in terms of the ongoing debate on the actual (physical and ontological) and cognitive (conceptual) position and functions of time, especially with reference to space, is another vast research area with direct relevance to foreign language awareness raising. Finally, the investigation aimed at uncovering the processes of native and non-native time acquisition, which provides new insight into FLT methodology employed in the teaching of temporal categories in non-native contexts. The basic conclusion from the reported study (see also Lewandowska- Tomaszczyk 2014) clearly points to the character of language research methodology, which combines cognitive linguistic analysis and usage- based implications, inferred from the analysis of large corpus-based materials. Effective FLT methods and techniques on the other hand are shown to involve both form- and meaning-focused techniques to facilitate language awareness-raising through grammar-discovery tasks, as first labelled by Ellis and Gaies (1998). The authors convincingly argue that FLT learners internalize those linguistic properties that they are ready to learn and the learning process passes through a series of transitional stages, in which learners first notice a pattern (Schmidt 2010) and gradually acquire a system to, at least partly, monitor its use, which is precisely what is needed in competent communication. The role and function of computerized language corpora, both national such as British National Corpus (BNC), Corpus of Contemporary American (COCA) or National Corpus of Polish (nkjp.pl), and learner collections of authentic language materials cannot be overestimated. Numerous publications (Granger et al. 2002) show a range of corpus- based approaches to interlanguage analysis, and the analysis presented at the conference (Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk 2014a) precisely identified the transitional stages in the process of learning English time-related concepts with Polish students as well as the direct pedagogical relevance of learner corpus work both in foreign language learning and teacher education.
INDIGENIZING MATHEMATICS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS: APPLYING ETHNOMATHEMATICS EXPERIENCES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING
*ZUBAIR, O.R; **OLARINOYE, S.B; & *DOTIA, A.K.
*Department of Mathematics, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin **Department of Statistics, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin
This paper applies anthropological theory to explain how Mathematics teachers imbibed indigenous epistemologies in the teaching of pure and applied Mathematics in secondary schools in Nigeria. Data was collected using direct participation and observation method. Findings seem to indicate that ethnomathematics epistemologies can successfully be embedded in the teaching of pure and applied Mathematics in Nigerian Secondary Schools curriculum. Mathematics is needed to carry out our daily transactions and as such, no trading can take place without Mathematics. Generic argument for the inclusion of indigenous content within the mathematics curriculum is suggested. Secondly, several exemplar scenarios of teaching praxis including indigenous content are discussed. Finally, evidence on the utility of such exemplar scenarios for students learning in their mother- tongue and key processes and skills for working with indigenous communities are discussed.
Keywords: Curriculum, free-trade, mother- tongue, indigenous epistemologies, Ayo (ethnomathematical game)
TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR MARKETING INFORMATION RESOURCES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN KATSINA, KATSINA STATE
College Library, Dr. Yusuf BalaUsman College, Daura, Katsina State.
The paper examined the technologies, method and challenges of marketing information resources among school secondary libraries Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria. The main objective of the study is to identify the technologies used for marketing information resources and how to enhance the existing marketing for optimum use of information resources. The study involved school libraries of 11 eleven secondary school in the zone under study. The population of the study comprised fifty seven (57) librarians/teacher librarians were used for the study. Three research questions guided the study. Sample and sampling techniques was not used in the study because the population of the study is manageable. Forty three items questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The instrument was administered to the respondents by the researcher and research assistances. The instrument was face validated by three experts one from measurement and evaluation and two from Department of Library and Information Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, the instruments for data collection was Technologies used for Marketing Information Resources Question for Secondary School Libraries (TMIRQSSL). Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was used to analyze the data collected. The finding reveals that the major technologies used include Internet, computer, radio, television, mobile phone, website, electronic sign board, fax machine, CD, DVD, video, Email, Faceboook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Badoo and Instagram. The challenges surrounding the technologies used in marketing the information resources and services were the absence of adequate funding and lack of sufficient facilities that will facilitate marketing the information resources among others. Therefore, it is recommended that there is the need for an adequate funding and training should be given to library staff. The libraries should provide adequate facilities to facilitate marketing of information resources and services to their users.
A CONTEMPLATIVE PROPOSITION FOR THE REINVIGORATION OF VISUAL ART CURRICULUM TO MEET CHALLENGES OF MODERN DAY SECURITY IN NIGERIA
YUSUF A. ABDULRASAQ; & LAMI NUHU ADI-GANI
Department of Fine and Applied arts, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
The content of a curriculum is derivative from the yearnings and aspirations of the society it is meant to serve. Suffice is to say that Nigeria currently has such a working educational document, the contention is not on the basis of the availability but on the fact that the curriculum, as it is currently presented, is not and will never be everlastingly perfect to surmount current and future challenges. If the postulation of the imperfection of a curriculum is ascertain by all, then the existing framework, in the face of current security challenges, makes it desirable for a re-jiggling. This paper highlighted the missing link in the curriculum as it affects the study of visual arts by stressing the current position of societal needs, the paper also espoused the aspect of the role of art in the society that succinctly addresses the current security challenges and was also suggestive of what the content of the curriculum should entail, the paper was summed up with a conclusion that the solution to the current upheavals should be holistic.
Keywords: Curriculum, Societal needs, Visual Arts, Security challenges.
PLAYFUL ACTIVITIES AS BETTER DEVELOPERS OF STUDENTS’ GEOMETRIC THINKING: FOCUS ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARABA STATE
*MUSA MOHAMMED BALASA AND **TUKUR MOHAMMED
*Department of Mathematics, College of Education, Zing **Department of Curriculum and Instructions, College of Education, Zing.
Mathematics in general or geometry in particular, is not supposed to be learnt in passivity. In other words, the teaching of mathematics or geometry is supposed to be carried out such that students are made to think and to participate actively in the teaching/learning process. That is to say that teaching should be conducted such that opportunities are created for students to adequately explore the subject and think so as to enhance their potentials. Unfortunately, students are currently taught the subject by an approach which emphasizes routine arithmetic characterized by memorization and repetition. Consequently, students can only adequately carry out straight-forward computational procedures and tend to have a limited understanding of mathematical ideas. Hence they achieve poorly. Methods that can make students think and participate actively in the teaching/learning process need to be used. This study examined practical approaches to the teaching of the properties of plane shapes to beginning geometry students. Specifically, the study examined the use of mosaic or puzzle in the exploration of the properties of such plane figures as triangles, rectangles, trapezia, etc. In particular, the study explored the influence of these playful activities on students’ development of geometric thinking. The study employed the quasi-experimental design. A sample of one hundred and fifty (150) senior secondary two (SS2) Mathematics students randomly drawn from three clusters of schools was used. Ten research questions were used to guide the investigation and three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at the 0.05 level of significance. To collect data, the researchers used two instruments called the Geometric Thinking Development Test (GTDT) and the Geometry Achievement Test (GAT). Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistic. The results revealed that playful activities (Mosaic or Puzzle), fostered the development of geometric thinking and students in the playful classrooms achieved significantly better than their counterparts in the conventional lecture classrooms.
Keywords: Playful activities; developers; geometry; geometric thinking; students, Mosaic.
AN ANALYSIS OF ENUMERATED AND FACETED LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION FOR VIABLE KNOWLEDGE ORGANISATION
*IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI MAYOBANI; **FATSUMA HARUNA; & *YA, U ABDULLAHI
*Department of library and information science (DLIS), Federal Polytechnic, Mubi. **Professor Jibril Aminu library, Federal Polytechnic Mubi.
The article primarily focused on evaluating enumerative and faceted library classification schemes in guiding librarians to have principles and guidelines involves in classification system. five topics based on environmental studies were effectively evaluated to aid in deciding classification system for special libraries, applying environmental science topics. The article presented real-world classification in tables which identifies; the main subjects, the analysis of the subjects, the topics component concept, the form of the documents, the major discipline of the topic and additional comments, it also analysed the enumerative classification scheme, such as Dewey decimal classification (the DDC) as well the DDC suggested class marks. Additionally, it specifies breakdown of the number building from major class number to more specific class mark for the documents, with critical appraisal, essentially based on faceted classification scheme Universal decimal classification (the UDC) involving the UDC suggested class marks, breakdown of the number building showing main class number, the various basic UDC auxiliaries used for classifying the documents. The article concludes by summarising the practical exercise with critical evaluation using sources from notable professional scholars in librarianship
Keywords: faceted enumerated, library classification, environmental studies, knowledge organisation.