INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 15 (8) NOVEMBER, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
SUFFICIENT MANPOWER AND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF LIBRARIES FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION
ENDA TITUS EYOS
Department of Public Health Education, Imo State University, Owerri.
This research paper explores the crucial role of sufficient manpower and the importance of libraries in facilitating effective learning environments. It investigates how adequate staffing levels contribute to educational success and how libraries serve as essential hubs for knowledge acquisition, fostering a conducive atmosphere for comprehensive learning. The critical need for sufficient manpower in tertiary institutions and explores the indispensable role of libraries in enhancing overall institutional effectiveness. By examining current manpower challenges in academic settings and emphasizing the multifaceted contributions of libraries, the study aims to provide insights into strategies for optimizing human resources and leveraging library services for educational excellence. The challenges faced by educational institutions in resource management serve as the backdrop, emphasizing the pressing need for a nuanced exploration of the symbiotic relationship between libraries and sufficient manpower.
Keywords: Sufficient Manpower, Teacher-Student Ratio, Libraries, Educational Resources, Information Literacy, Technology Integration, Effective Learning
IMPACT OF PHYSICAL WORK ENVIRONMENT ON WORKERS’ PERFORMANCE IN IMO STATE UNIVERSITY, OWERRI, IMO STATE, NIGERIA
ANTHONY OFFIAH, Ph.D
Department of Political Science, Imo State University, Owerri.
This study examined the impact of physical work environment on workers’ performance in Imo State University, Owerri. The main objectives are to discover the effect of physical work environment on workers’ performance and to investigate whether there is a significance difference between the perception of academic and non-academic staff on the effect of physical work environment on workers’ performance in Imo State University, Owerri. Person-environment Fit theory was adopted as the theoretical framework. In area of methodology, the survey research design was adopted and data were collected through both primary (questionnaire and observation) and secondary sources. The analysis of data were made through simple percentage, mean-score and t-test statistical method. This research discovered that the present state of physical work environment undermines workers’ performance and there is no significance difference between the perception of academic and non-academic staff on effect of physical work environment on workers’ performance in Imo State University, Owerri. Therefore, it was recommended that there is need for allocation of adequate funds, utilization of available funds, maintenance culture, effective monitoring and supervision etc.
Keywords: Physical Work Environment, Workers’ Performance, Perception of Academic, Non-Academic Staff, Allocation of Adequate Funds, Utilization of Available Funds, Maintenance Culture, Effective Monitoring and Supervision
NIGERIA ECONOMIC POLICIES: OBJECTIVES, CHALLENGES AND EFFORTS MADE TO ACHIEVE THEM (1960 – 2019)
*UBAH CHUKWUDI NELSON, Ph.D; *RAYMOND NWAPI O.; & **UMEH CHIJIOKE SUNDAY, Ph.D
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu **Federal Polytechnic Isuochi, Abia State, Nigeria.
The work focused on Nigeria economic policies: objectives, challenges and efforts made to achieve them (1960 – 2019). The work was carried out to identify the extent economic development effort has achieved national development objectives in Nigeria. The researchers adopted literature review approach as only secondary data were sourced and used. The major Nigeria economic policies discussed include open door policy; import substitution industrialization; indigenization policy; agricultural policies; Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP); Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Programme (SURE-P); and social investment policies. The study found that the major objectives of all the development policies in Nigeria are to enhance economic good, reduce poverty and achieve infrastructural and human capital development in the country. However, corruption, poor funding, lack of consultation and policy instability are the major challenges which hindered the achievement of the development policies. The researchers recommend for effectiveness of the government and positive impact of all stakeholders towards achieving development policies.
Keywords: Economic Policies, Open Door Policy, Import Substitution Industrialization, Indigenization Policy, Agricultural Policies, Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP), Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Programme (SURE-P), Social Investment Policies
AWARENESS OF THE EXTENT OF COPYRIGHT LAWS AND COMPLIANCE BY PROFESSIONAL LIBRARIANS IN THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA
Library and Information Science Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria.
This study examined the awareness of copyright laws and compliance in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives, two research questions and a hypothesis. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study and the population comprised of all the 92 Professional Librarians working in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. Questionnaire was used as the data collection instrument. The data generated from the research questions was analysed using Mean and Standard Deviation, while, Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test the null-hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study revealed that Professional Librarians in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria were moderately aware of the copyright laws, they were also slightly moderately compliant of the copyright laws. Moreover, the study found that Professional Librarians in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria infringed the copyright laws moderately However, the hypothesis tested in this study revealed that there is no significant relationship between Professional Librarians’ level of awareness of copyright law and compliance with copyright law in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern Nigeria.
Keywords: Awareness, Copyright Laws, Compliance, Federal Polytechnic Libraries, North Eastern Nigeria
COMPARATIVE SURVEY ON INFORMATION NEEDS OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MODIBBO ADAMA UNIVERSITY, YOLA AND FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, WUKARI
ZAINAB MOHAMMED MUSTAPHA
Library Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State.
This study compared the information needs among Postgraduate Students of Modibbo Adama University, Yola and Federal University, Wukari. The study was guided by three objectives, three research questions and one hypotheses. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population comprised 1974 Postgraduate Students in the two universities. Using Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) table for determining sample size, the sample size for this study was 322 and simple random sampling techniques was adopted in order to ensure that all members of the population had equal chances of been selected. The researcher used questionnaire for data collection which was designed using Google Form application and administered through WhatsApp platforms. The data generated from the research questions were analysed using mean and standard deviation, while, z-test was used to test the two null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study has established that the information needs and information seeking behaviour of Postgraduate Students in FUW was higher than those in MAUY. Furthermore, the study has found that Postgraduate Students’ level of searching skills in MAUY was slightly higher than those in FUW and the information sources of Postgraduate Students of FUW was higher those in MAUY. This study further revealed that the factors militating against information needs and information seeking behavior of Postgraduate Students in MAUY was higher than those in FUW. Hypotheses tested in the study had established that there are no significant differences in the opinions of Postgraduate Students’ information needs and information seeking behaviour of MAUY and FUW. The study recommended organising library orientation programmes, developing mechanisms that could facilitate easy retrieval of information, organising massive information literacy programmes, developing collections both in printed and electronic formats that are in consonance with the information needs of the Postgraduate Students as will galvanizing financial commitment to the university libraries by their university managements.
ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN SOME SELECTED COLLEGES OF EDUCATION LIBRARIES IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA
DANIEL MATHEW MARKE
Department of Library & Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba.
This study examines the level of accessibility of information resources and services among selected Colleges of Education Libraries in the North Eastern States-Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives, two research questions and two hypotheses. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study and the population comprised of all the 4,834 students who have registered with the college libraries under study. Purposive sampling was used in selecting sample and Yamane formula modified by Polonia (2013) for calculating sample was used to calculate sample size. A self-developed questionnaire was designed using Google Form mobile application with 4-Points-Likert scale. Descriptive statistics of frequency count, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the bio-data of respondents as well as research questions, while, ANOVA and Pearson Product Momment Correlation (PPMC) were used to test the two null-hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. SPSS software was used in the study. This study found that there was low accessibility of information resources. Also, the study revealed that majority of the information resources were frequently accessed monthly and that only journals and text books & reference books were frequently accessed weekly. More so, this study revealed that majority of the information resources were frequently accessed monthly and that only journals and text books & reference books were frequently accessed weekly. The challenges associated with accessibility of information resources and services among selected Colleges of Education Libraries include: inadequate information resources, inadequate infrastructural facilities, lack of basic ICT facilities, outdated information resources, difficulty in locating resources, poor electricity supply, network fluctuation and inadequate library staff. Furthermore, this study suggested strategies that could enhance access of information resources and services among selected Colleges of Education Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. They include: training of College Librarians, reducing cost of accessing some library facilities such as ICT, photocopy services internet, linking students directly to the internet, employment of adequate staff, provision of current and up to date information resources and services, stable electricity and borrowing of information resources should be made easy to every student.
Keywords: Information Resources, Access, Services, Colleges of Education, Libraries, North East, Nigeria
EFFECTS OF SECURITY AND CRIME CHALLENGE ON INFORMATION RESOURCES AND SERVICES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA
Library Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.
This study assessed the Effects of security and crime challenges on information in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in the North Eastern States, Nigeria. The study was guided by four objectives, four research questions and one hypothesis. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population comprised of all the ninety-seven (97) librarians working in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. Total enumeration was used, while questionnaire was used for data collection. Frequency counts, table, bar charts, pie chart and simple percentages were used for analysis demographic data of the respondents as well as data generated from the research questions. ANOVA was used to test the null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study has revealed that books, cartographic materials and CD ROMs facilities were highly vulnerable to security and crimes in the libraries and majority of information services were moderately affected by security and crimes challenges in the libraries. The types of security and crime challenges affecting information resources and services include theft and mutilation / defacement, non-return of borrowed books by the users, hiding books on the shelves among others. Moreover, this study found that the causes of security and crime challenges on information resources and services in the libraries studied include: inadequate porters, lack of security facilities like CCTV, alarm doors, smoke detector etc. The study found that these security and crime challenges had serious effects on the entire libraries. Recommendations were made to mitigate these challenges.
Keywords: Security, Crime, Information Resources, Services, Libraries
PRINCIPAL MANAGEMENT COMPETENCY AS A PREDICTOR OF TEACHERS’ JOB PRODUCTIVITY IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
OCHOYI, ESTHER ELOJO
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Federal College of Education, Yola.
Factors that define teachers job productivity has long been empirically sought using different approaches, and series of conclusions have been arrived at along with recommendations that meant to position teachers to be more productive. However, the common scenario is that the principal has less been considered as a factor that determine teachers job productivity. Also, teachers’ job productivity has long been wrongly assessed as most works limited the scope to students’ performance. This study examines the principal management effectiveness as a predictor of teachers’ job productivity in public senior secondary schools in Adamawa state, Nigeria. The study was based on survey research design. Teachers were randomly selected across senior public secondary schools in Adamawa State. Two instruments named Principal Management Effectiveness Rating Scale (PMERS)” and “Teachers’ job productivity Rating Scale (TJPRS)” were used for data collection. The obtained data were analyzed using linear regression at 0.05 significant level. The study established that principal supervision competency significantly promotes teachers’ job productivity. Principal resources management significantly promote teachers’ job productivity. Principals time management significantly influences teachers’ job productivity. The study concluded that principal management effectiveness promotes teachers’ job productivity. The study recommends among others that principal need to be trained on various supervision modes for more effectiveness in teachers’ job productivity.
Keywords: Supervision, Resources Management, Time Management, and Job Productivity
EFFECTS OF CONCEPT MAPPING STRATEGIES ON TEACHING BRAILLE READING AND WRITING TO CHILDREN WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
BILKISU IBRAHIM MAHMOUD
Kano State College of Education and Preliminary Studies (KASCEPS).
The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects of concept mapping strategies on improving braille reading and writing kills of children with visual impairment in Special School Tudun-Maliki Kano State. The aim of the study is to help children with visual impairment in Special School enhance their braille reading and writing kills. Three (3) research questions and three (3) hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The research design was Quasi Experimental Research Design. The study consists of twenty (20) children with visual impairment who are in primary three (3) two groups which are composed on the basis of randomization. A sample size of 10 children withvisal impairment, ages between 12-14 years for the intervention were selected from the population. A random sampling technique was used for selection of the children with visual impairment. One instrument for data collection which was Concept Mapping Strategies (CMS) derived from some selected excises and preliminary excises in Braille Primer Book. The method for data analysis was standard deviation, and t-test. The hypotheses were tested using t-test, at 0.05 level of significant. The finding of this study reveals that there was significant improvement in braille reading and writing kills of children with visual impairment after the exposure to concept mapping strategies. The study shows that to a great extent the use of concept mapping improved braille reading and writing ability of children with visual impairment after the exposure. Others are there was great improvement in braille reading and writing comprehension skills of learners with visual impairment after their exposure to concept mapping strategies. The study recommended that the use of concept mapping strategies for teaching children with visual impairment should be encouraged in all schools. There should be early introduction of concept mapping strategies to children with visual impairment in their elementary classes so that they can develop braille reading and writing skills. Government should put into action policies that will uphold concept mapping strategies and Perkins braille machine should be given to each child with visual impairment to be use in schools for practical output.
Keywords: Concept Mapping, Braille, Children and Visual Impairment
AN ASSESSMENT OF ASSITIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EDUCATION OF PERSONS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS IN AKURE SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE
*AJAGBE, SEUN WEYINMI (PhD); *YEKINNI, LUKUMAN OYEWOLE; *KAREEM, KAZEEM KAYODE; & **AYOOLA, NAJEEM GBADEGESIN
*Department of Educational Psychology, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo. **Department of Educational Foundation, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo.
Assistive technologies allow individuals with special needs to overcome a major part of the difficulties in daily life and partly offers them independence and autonomy concerning information management and access to communication and other areas daily required skills. Assistive technologies resources are increasingly becoming a concrete means of access to information, communication, and social inclusion for students with special needs. In order to ascertain availability of assistive technologies for the use of students with special needs in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria, fifty (50) students with special needs participated in the study. A self-design questionnaire was devised in order gather information on the availability and usability of assistive technology. The results from the study show that there is no enough availability of assistive technologies for teaching-learning process. Furthermore, it was found out that there are various constraints to the effective use of assistive technologies among which is epileptic power supply. It was however concluded that assistive technologies is an avenue to boost the morale for studying among students with special needs. It was recommended among others that, modern assistive technologies should be purchased by the state government for the use of all students with special needs.
Keywords: Assistive technologies, Education, Persons with special needs, Information Communication technologies, Inclusiveness
WHATSAPP APPLICATION AS AN ONLINE TOOL IN SSCE ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA
MOSES, ADEBAYO, AREMU, PhD; & SUNDAY KEHINDE, ODEKUNBI, PhD
Dept. of English, Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
Poor standard of English Language usage among youths in Oyo State and Nigeria at large has become a hydra-headed problem. There has been the introduction of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) tool by Herring (2001) in the U.S. However, scanty study exists in literature on the use of CALL and the use of WhatsApp application in the English language pedagogy in Oyo State of Nigeria. Hence, this study attempts to fill this research gap by using the theoretical framework of Herring’s (2001) Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) as well as Hymes’ (1972), Halliday’s (1978) and Canale’s (1983) Communicative Competence (CC) in examining how the use of WhatsApp application in Senior Secondary Certificate Examination students in English Language in Oyo State secondary schools could help develop poor standard of the English Language usage in Nigeria. Questionnaires were administered among 240 students from 12 purposively sampled senior secondary schools in Oyo State. Stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. Simple percentage statistical tool was used in analyzing the data. The findings revealed that WhatsApp application helps develop learners’ communicative competence in their use of English as a second language, improves the poor standard of English usage in Nigeria, develops the nation scientifically and technologically, facilitates students’ understanding of what they are taught and motivates the learners to learn how to develop their language skills. It was recommended that government should supply tools like ipads, iPhones, smart phones and Android phones to enable the teachers use WhatsApp application to teach SSCE English Language in Oyo State secondary. schools
Keywords: WhatsApp Applications, CALL, English Language pedagogy, Communicative Competence
FORMS, CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
UMAR TABARI YERO
Department of General Studies, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Examination malpractice is an act of wrong doing contrary to the laid dawn rules and regulations guiding any examination such as smuggling relevant materials into the examination venue, written scripts and writing examination out of the official venue of the examination. Examination malpractice in Nigeria was traced back to 1940s, this posed a problem in the educational system of this country. The major types of examination malpractice in Nigerian institution were impersonation, griffin, use of external materials and assistance. The identified causes of these include the failure of Nigerian educational system, poor parental guide, much emphasis on certification rather than skills and knowledge and lack of preparation by the students. The efficacy identified were, compromisation of learning process, erosion of Academic ethical integrity, diminishing Student Confidence, difficulties in facing future challenges and loss of respect for the student and the institution. Examination malpractice in the Nigerian institutions of learning was caused by the urges by the students to succeed in life due to the emphasis placed on academic qualification which posed a questionability of the whole educational process of certification in the country. It was recommended that the whole educational process of evaluation of students should be overhaul by observing the capacity and ability of students in offering a course of study, parents should desists from pressurizing their children on a course that they are not capable of. Emphasis on certification should be reduced and skills acquisition should be encourage. Closed circuit television (CCTV) should be placed in every examination rooms to prevent examination malpractice.
Keywords: Education, Examination, Malpractice, Institution and Materials
PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ABOUT TECHNOLOGY FOR EARLY YEARS, AMIDST DWINDLING, ECONOMY AND NATIONAL INSECURITY
RAUFF RISQUAT MOROLAYO
Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate.
The objective of the study is to examine technology in early year’s education amidst dwindling economy and insecurity in School of General Education, Oyo State College of Education Lanlate. Questionnaire, group discussion and interview were used to elicit information from the respondents. The findings discovered that students of School of General Education, Oyo State College of Education Lanlate knowledge and skills of technology in early years education is poor. This has post negative effects on facing technological advancement. It was also observed that non-availability of technological facilities and equipment among public and private schools have become a persistent problem in the life of the school age children. It was also noted that stealing, robbery, idleness; thuggery, joblessness, unemployment, kidnapping and lack of innovative skills have threatened their livelihood sustenance in the study area. The researcher therefore recommended that philanthropist, government, non-government agencies should introduce technological skills and innovative activities into early childhood education as a way of solving and meeting the needs of many indigenes and non indigenes who are students residing in Ibarapa, engaging these people will also help to reduce the crisis of insecurity, economic and technological challenges.
Keywords: Technology, early Years, Economy and Insecurity
EFFECT OF ANALOGY INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND CRITICAL THINKING IN BASIC SCIENCE IN TARABA STATE
AUDU, CHRISTINA TANKO
Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The study investigated the effect of analogy instructional strategy on students’ academic performance and critical thinking in basic science in Taraba State. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The non-randomised, pre-test post-test control group type of quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. The study area was Taraba State, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all the 21, 672 Upper Basic II students in public upper basic schools. The sample for the study was made up of 164 students drawn from four intact classes using multiple stage sampling technique. Two instruments were used for data collection in the study. The instruments were Basic Science Performance Test (BSPT) and Critical Thinking Test (CTT). The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. The hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at the significance level of 0.05. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference between the mean academic performance scores of students taught Basic Science using analogy instructional strategy and those taught using the conventional method in favour of those taught using analogy strategy (F(1, 163) = 117.18, P =0.00). Also there is a significant difference between the mean critical thinking scores of students taught Basic Science using analogy instructional strategy and those taught using the conventional method in favour of those taught using analogy strategy (F(1, 163) = 26.14, P =0.00). Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that analogy strategy enhanced students’ academic performance and critical thinking in Basic Science. It was recommended that Basic Science teachers should intensively employ the use of analogy teaching strategy in teaching science concepts to enhance students’ academic performance and critical thinking and that Analogy teaching strategy should be included in the methodology content of teachers training institutions as this may ensure the pre-service science teachers knowledge of and use of analogy strategy.
Keywords: Basic Science, Analogy Strategy, Academic Performance and Critical Thinking