INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 14 (8) AUGUST, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
ASSESSING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER-BASED TESTS AND PAPER-PENCIL TEST EXAMINATIONS
DR SUNDAY UGHWUBETINE, IRIGHWEFERHE
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Delta Agbor Delta State, Nigeria
The study examined the performance of students in paper-pencil tests and computer-based tests in Mathematics. The population of the study are SS 3 students in the 2022/2023 academic session in Delta State. A sample of 180 students was selected using a purposive sampling technique. Two sets of equivalent 50 multiple-choice items were used for the study. The validity of the instruments was established using expert judgement while Kuder-Richarson formula 20 was used to establish the reliability coefficient of the instruments. A reliability coefficient of 0.78 and 0.76 was obtained for the instruments. Correlational survey design was adopted. Data were analysed using mean, standard deviation, frequency counts, percentages, cumulative frequency and Pearson product-moment correlation method statistics at a 0.01 level of significance. It was discovered that there is a relationship between the performance of students in paper-pencil tests and computer-based tests examinations. It equally shows that the performance of male and female students is related. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations were equally made.
Keywords: Assessing, Performance, Computer-based tests and Paper-pencil tests.
EXPLORING THE IMPACTS OF COGNITIVE CONFLICT ON STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE AND COGNITIVE ACHIEVEMENT IN LEARNING SCIENCE: BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ CULTURAL BACKGROUND AND SCHOOL SCIENCE
ABDULKADIR HALLIRU & AISHA HAMIS MUSA
Department of Science and Vocational Education, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Nigeria
This research explored the impacts of Cognitive Conflict on students’ Attitude and Cognitive Achievement in Learning Science. Two research questions and two corresponding null hypotheses guided the study. Correlational research design was adopted in the study. The population of the students was 1,964 JSS III Students in Junior Secondary School in Malumfashi Education Zone out of which 224 students were sampled for the study using stratified sampling technique. “Dissonance Between Home and School” scale (DBHS scale) and “Science Attitude Questionnaire” (SAQ) with reliability indices of 0.752 and 0.749 respectively were used as instruments for data collection. Data from the study was analysed using Simple Linear Regressions. Findings from the study revealed significant predictive relationship between cognitive conflict and students’ cognitive achievement. There was also significant predictive relationship between cognitive conflict and students’ attitude toward learning science. Based on the findings, it was recommended that, explicit instruction, modeling strategies and especially cognitive conflict resolution instructional approaches should be adopted practiced in the science instruction. Also, educators should create inclusive and culturally responsive learning atmosphere that encourages open dialogue, respect and diversity of perspective and culture. This will help in fostering positive attitudes towards learning science among students from diverse cultural backgrounds.
Keywords: Culture, Science Concepts, Cognitive Conflict, Attitude, Cognitive Achievement
GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN STUDENTS’ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY USING CONCEPT MAPPING STRATEGY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO, TARABA STATE
1CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU; & 2DANIEL IMOKEN-ASI AUDU
1Department of Science Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria. 2School of science and technology, Taraba State Polytechnic
The study examined gender differentials in students’ academic performance in biology using conept mapping strategy in jalingo, Taraba State of Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experimental research design. A sample of 118 students from six schools from a population of 8,497 SSII Biology students was used. A validated 30-item Genetics Performance Test (GPT) was the instrument used to collect data. A reliability coefficient of 0.75 for GPT was established using Kunder Richardson formular 20 and cronbach. Three school each was assigned to Concept Mapping (CM) strategy and conventional method. Each group was taught genetics in line with the principles guiding the various teaching strategies. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research question while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the thre hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there is significant difference in the mean performance scores of students taught Biology using concept mapping strategy and those taught using conventional strategy (F(2,114)=49.475;P = 0.000<0.05). There is significant difference in the mean performance scores of male and female students taught Biology using concept mapping (F(1,43)=6.744;p=0.013<0.05). There is no significant interactive effect of teaching strategies and genders on students’ mean performance scores in Biology (F(2,111)=0.012; P=0.988>0.05). The study recommend among others that the concept mapping instructional strategy be adopted in our school system for teaching Biology to enhance students’ academic performance.
Keywords: Gender, Academic Performance, Concept Mapping.
FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING AMONG NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES
OLAWOYIN SERIFAT JOKE (Ph.D)
C/O Dr (Mrs) Oyeniran M.F, Department of Educational Technology & Library Studies, Faculty of Education, OAU, Ile-Ife, Osun State.
The study examined the factors that affect the implementation of cloud computing technologies among Nigerian universities and other tertiary institutions. It also examined factors that affect the implementation of cloud computing technologies for learning among the universities in Nigeria. This study used a descriptive cross-sectional survey research design. Lecturers and students from the southwestern Nigerian public and private universities were the population for the study. Three hundred lecturers and 700 students were selected from the universities using proportionate stratified sampling technique. Data for the study was gathered using two instruments. “Questionnaire on Acceptance and Application of Cloud Computing Technologies for Teaching” (QAACCTT) and “Questionnaire on Acceptance and Application of Cloud Computing Technologies for Learning” (QAACCTL). The data collected were analyzed using, frequency counts, standard deviation and Relative Significant Index. The study concluded that all the factors that affect implementation of cloud computing technologies for teaching also affect the implementation for learning, but there was a great difference in the way they perceived the factors according to the ranking of the factors by the lecturers and the students.
Keywords: Factors, Effective, Implementation, Cloud Computing, Technologies, Teaching, Learning.
ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND ADDICTION AMIDST INCREASING JUVENILE SUBSTANCE ABUSE: COUNSELLING PERSPECTIVES
*BAHAGO, BENEDICT, SAMAILA; **GOTIP, NEHEMIAH WOKJI; & ***TOLORUNLEKE, CAROLINE ADUKE
*Education Foundations Department, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. **Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja ***Department of Educational Pyschology, FCT/College of Education, Zuba – Abuja
In light of the rising tides of substance misuse and addiction among university freshmen in Nigerian universities, the study looked into how substance abuse and addiction are perceived and understood among undergraduates. The major goal of the study was to determine how juvenile substance abusers at Nigerian universities perceived substance abuse and addiction and whether or not they were aware of the terrible repercussions of substance abuse and addiction on human health. The study’s design used the descriptive survey method. The sample consisted of 730 undergraduate drug users who were randomly chosen from four Nigerian institutions. A validated measure, the Substance Abuse and Addiction Perception Awareness Questionnaire (SAAPAQ), was used to collect relevant data from the respondents. The collected data were evaluated using the t-test descriptive statistic. The findings revealed that university freshmen have a very poor understanding of substance abuse and addiction, as well as a very low degree of awareness of the negative repercussions of substance abuse on their health. Recommendations: The government should reduce substance usage among college freshmen by enacting strong anti-substance abuse laws and ensuring their proper nationwide implementation.
Keywords: Undergraduate education, substance abuse, and universities in Nigeria.
IMPACT OF COUNSELLING ON ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ACQUISITION AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NASARAWA STATE
VIASHIMA, LUCY KWAGHSEER; OGUNYEMI, ANGELA OBIAGELI; & ALIBOH, KATUMI OZICHU
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study assessed the impact of counseling on entrepreneurial skills acquisition among university students in Nasarawa state. Three objectives were raised and later translated to research questions. Three research hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. A sample of 600 final-year university students was drawn from the population of 5,600 students. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire titled “Counselling and Entrepreneurship Skills Acquisition Instrument” (CESAQ) designed by the researchers. The data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while research hypotheses were tested using chi-square at a 0.05 level of significance. It was found among others that there was significant impact of counseling services on entrepreneurial skills acquisition among university students in Nasarawa state. Based on the findings, it was recommended that, adequate counseling services should be given to the university students to equip them with the necessary entrepreneurial skills so that it will help them to be entrepreneurs after graduation.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Skills Acquisition, Counselling, University students
PERSONALITY TRAITS AS CORRELATES OF INTERNET ADDICTION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN JOSEPH SARWUAN TARKA UNIVERSITY, MAKURDI
ILIGH CYRIL; PROF. A. A. EKOJA; PROF. A. O. AMALI; & DR. G. W. AKUTO
Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies, Faculty of Education, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi
The study assessed personality traits as correlates of internet addiction among undergraduate students in Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi. The study was guided by five objectives which were translated to five research questions. The study adopted correlational survey design. A sample of 350 undergraduates’ students was drawn from the population of 28,690 students using simple random sampling technique. Two instruments were used for data collection in this study. Big Five-Factor Personality Inventory (BFFPI) was adapted to measure personality traits among the undergraduates and Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was adapted to evaluate the respondents’ level of internet addiction. The instruments were standardized instruments whose face and content validity, and reliability has already been established. The data collected were subjected to inferential statistical analyses. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was employed to answer the research questions. It was found among others that extraversion and conscientiousness are highly related to internet addiction while agreeableness has negative relationship with internet addiction. Based on the findings, it was recommended that there should be regular counselling services to educate the undergraduate students on the consequences of been addicted to the internet.
Keywords: Personality traits, correlates, internet addiction, undergraduates
INFLUENCE OF INDUCTION, WORKSHOP, AND SEMINAR ON TEACHERS PRODUCTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SOKOTO STATE
ALIYU, JOSEPH OMEIZA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
The study investigated induction training, workshops, and seminars, as well as the productivity of secondary school teachers in the Nigerian state of Sokoto. Using a descriptive survey research design, participants’ opinions on manpower development and teacher productivity were elicited. The study’s sample consisted of 4,122 secondary school instructors in Sokoto State. Using proportional and simple random sampling techniques, the Research Advisors (2006) were used to select 322 out of 4122 instructors. Manpower Development Questionnaire (MDQ) and Teachers Productivity Questionnaire (TPQ) questionnaires designed by researchers were used to capture data using four (4) modified Likert rating scales to measure teachers’ responses. The content validity of the research instruments was determined by educational management and science education experts who supervised the researchers. Cronbach’s alpha yielded reliability indices of 0.68 and 0.71 for the Manpower Development Questionnaire (MPQ) and Teachers Productivity Questionnaire (TPQ), respectively. At a significance level of 0.05, descriptive statistics were used to answer research queries, while the independent t-test was used to test research hypotheses. The analysis revealed, among other things, that in-service training is an extension of instructors’ knowledge and continued acquisition of work experience. According to the findings of the study, induction training has contributed to the enhancement and development of teachers’ teaching and classroom management. The study recommends that school administrators, through the education ministry, increase the frequency with which teachers participate in an induction training programme in order to improve the quality of instruction and classroom administration.
Keywords: Induction training, workshop training, seminar and teacher’s productivity.
DEMOGRAPHICS AND RESEARCH OUTPUT OF LIBRARIANS IN THE POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN SOUTH- SOUTH NIGERIA
OSAHENI ONI; AND EDWIN I ACHUGBUE Ph.D
Department of Library and Information Science, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
This article examines the demographics and research output of librarians in polytechnic libraries in South-South Nigeria. This study adopted correlational research design and used a questionnaire to collect data from librarians in Polytechnic Libraries in South-South, Nigeria. This study showed a negative relationship between demographics and the research output of librarians in polytechnic libraries in southern Nigeria. The study also revealed that demographics such as institution ownership, status, age, gender, educational qualification, and work experience may jointly predict the research output among librarians in polytechnic libraries in southern Nigeria.This study generated significant findings that are capable of encouraging the polytechnic management and library administrators to focus on enhancing the research capabilities of librarians regardless of their demographic characteristics by exposing them to regular trainings, seminars, conferences, and research collaborations with seasoned researchers to improved their research output. This will help the polytechnic libraries in south-south Nigeria to better support the needs of students and faculty.
Keywords: Demographics, Research output, Librarians, Polytechnic libraries, Nigeria.
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GEOGRAPHY AS A SUBJECT IN OYO WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO METROPOLIS
OLAWUWO, ABIODUN ABEEBLAHI; & ADELAKUN, LUKUMAN LEKAN
Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, Oyo
Geography as a discipline faced with serious challenges of inadequate good personnel and the students’ enrolments of geography students in tertiary institutions nowadays is not encouraging. It therefore, attracts the interest of the researchers to looks at the problems and prospects of teaching and learning of geography as a subject in Oyo West Local Government secondary schools of Oyo State. This study adopt multi-stage sampling of 6 of the 41 secondary schools in the Local Government was selected. A total of 120 school students representing 0.5% of the population of secondary school students in the study area were served with questionnaire using convenience sampling. Secondary data on school population of the registered secondary schools in the study area were sourced from Local Government Inspector of Education in Oyo west. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics analyzes such as tables of percentage to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed that 65% of the respondents agreed that geography helps students to have spatial awareness in terms of understanding the relationships between people, places and the environment thereby enhancing standard of education while, 35% of the respondents disagreed. Also, 64% of the respondents accepted that teachers should take lively course while, 36% of the respondents disagreed and that 57% of the respondents agreed that students believe that intelligent quotient of male students is usually more than the female counterparts in geography, while, 43% of the respondents disagreed. The research concluded by focusing much attention on the reasons for learning problems and prospects of teaching and learning of geography as a subject in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State. The study therefore recommends among others that Geography should be made compulsory discipline in all facet of learning because of its vast curriculum that involve problem-solving, spatial thinking skills, critical thinking abilities and the creation of global awareness.
Keywords: Geography, Learning, Problems, Prospects, Teaching
AN ANALYSIS OF TEACHERS PERCEPTION OF PRINCIPALS’ LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AMONG SCIENCE STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN TAFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT, NIGER STATE
OMIKPA FAMOUS SUNDAY; & FADIPE BAYO MICHAEL
*Department of Educational Foundations, University of Jos. **Department of Science Education, Veritas University Abuja.
The research looked at the effectiveness of secondary school principals’ leadership philosophies among science students in Tafa Local Government, Niger State. Therefore, the study’s goal is to assess the effectiveness of secondary school principals in Niger’s Tafa Local Government Area. From the ten (6) districts of Tafa Local Government Area of Niger State, 120 secondary school teachers were chosen using a simple random sample approach. Questionnaires that were self-administered were used to gather the data. The content validity index (CVI), which was utilized to validate the instruction, came back at 0.91. Through the use of test-retest procedures, the validity of the questionnaires was confirmed. The use of percentages was used to examine the data. According to the study’s findings, the teachers perceived that principals’ leadership in Tafa LGA is not good enough to boost efficiency in the school. It was also shown that administrators’ leadership styles generally affect science student academic performance. These results led to the recommendation that the nomination of principals be based on both experience and academic aptitude.
Keywords: Analysis, Teachers, Perception, Principal, Leadership. Science
TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION ON CAUSES OF BULLYING AMONG UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PUPILS, KWALI AREA COUNIL, ABUJA-NIGERIA
*DR AJILEYE, MOSUNMOLA AJIBOLA; *DR OLUGBEMI, PATRICIA O.; & **MRS CECILIA OLAITAN BABA
*Curriculum and Instruction, Ft College of Education, Zuba-Abuja, Nigeria. **Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
The study titled ‘Teachers’ Perception on causes of Bullying among Universal Basic Students, Kwali Area Council, Abuja-Nigeria is a descriptive survey using questionnaire. The self-structured instrument named ‘Causes of Bullying Questionnaire’ (CBQ) was to elicit responses from teachers on the causes of bullying among UBE school students. The total population of UBE teachers who participated was 120. Simple random sampling was used for teachers that participated. The instrument was divided into five sections with 43 items. The study was guided by five objectives and five research questions. A 4-points Likert-type rating scale was designed to elicit responses from teachers of Universal Basic Education schools. The decision was based on the cluster mean score of 2.50 as boundary mean. The reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained using split half reliability technique and CronbachAlpa for the analysis. Data collected from the administered questionnaires was analysed using descriptive statistics which entails frequency counts, percentages and means. Descriptive analysis was used to show the causes of bullying among Universal Basic Education, Abuja-Nigeria. The findings of the study revealed that there were family, biological, peer group, school environment and technological factor causes of bullying at Upper UBE level of education in Kwali Area Council, Abuja-Nigeria. It was recommended that parents should be good role models and pay more attention to their children, government should provide more learning facilities for schools and children should be discouraged from watching, reading or playing violence films, phonographic literature and games respectively.
Keywords: Teachers’ Perception, Bullying, Upper Universal Basic Education students
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS DETERMINANT OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND INTEREST OF SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS: FOCUS ON TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING IN TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, P.M.B 1021, Zing, Taraba State
There is no doubt that every field of study has one or more modern technological tool suitable for facilitating their instructional delivery effectively. In fact, technological advancement gives opportunity for adoption of various relevant instructional media, however the potentiality and extent at which Geographical Information System (GIS) may influence academic performance and interest of social studies students has not been ascertained. Therefore, the current study investigated the influence of GIS on academic performance and interest of social studies students in tertiary institutions of learning in Taraba State. The study was guided by three (3) research questions and three (3) research hypotheses while purposive sampling technique was used to select one hundred and sixty (160) penultimate students out of one thousand six hundred and seven (1,607) total population. Two instruments titles Geographical Information System in relation to Social Studies Performance Test- GISSSPT and Geographical Information System in relation to Social Studies Interest Rate- GISSSIR, which yielded 0.86% reliability coefficient after using split half analysis with the aid of SPPS were used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions while Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that GIS significantly influence mean performance score of tertiary institution students in social studies class; GIS significantly influence interest of tertiary institution students in social studies class as well as there is no significant difference in the mean performance score of male and female tertiary institution students in social studies class after being exposed to GIS in the study area. It was therefore concluded that GIS tools are viable tools for enhancing academic performance of social studies students as well as attracting the interest of tertiary institution students in social studies class. Based on the study, it was among others recommended that all tertiary institutions in the study area should leverage on the versatility of GIS tools so as to improve on their students’ academic performance and instill relevant modern skills expected of them at the present age; and that school management should employ the viability of GIS tools to attract more students to the field of environmental science especially social studies.
Keywords: Geographical Information System, social studies, academic performance, student’s interest, tertiary institution students.
PARENTAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS, PEER INFLUENCE, AND SEX EDUCATION ON RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN IBADAN
OYELADE OYEKOLA OLUKAYODE
Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
Nigerian society today has to contend with numerous behavioural challenges of her youth, such problems include truancy, disobedience, drug offences, assault, insult stealing, violent demonstration, vandalism, examination malpractice, robbery and secret cult activities. Beside these globally publicized behavioural challenges, sexual activities between young people of opposite sex are included among types of behavioural challenges common in Nigerian Secondary Schools and that these motely named in the literature as sex abuse, sex offences, sexual misconduct, sexual immorality, sexual promiscuity and sexual maladjustment. This study therefore examines parental socio-economic status, peer influence and sex education on risky sexual behaviour among school going adolescents in Ibadan. The study adopted a descriptive research design of correlational type. A total of two hundred (200) school going adolescents in Ibadan using simple random sampling technique. Questionnaires consisting of demographic information and sections which are standardized scales on risky sexual behaviour, parental socio-economic status, peer influence and sex education. The reliability of the scales are; risky sexual behaviour α =.81, parental socio economic status α =.73, peer influence α =. 94 and sex education α =.77. Five research questions were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis at 0.05 level of significant. The findings showed that there was significant relationship between parental socio-economic status and risky sexual behaviour (r =.332, p<0.05), there was significant relationship between peer influence and risky sexual behaviour (r =.142, p<0.05) and sex education and risky sexual behaviour (r =.275, p<0.05). The four independent variables jointly accounted for 21.3% variance in predicting risky sexual behaviour among school going adolescents in Ibadan. The independent variables made positive relative contribution to risky sexual behaviour of school going adolescents in Ibadan in the following order: peer influence (β = .204, p<0.05), parental socio-economic status (β = .190, p<0.05) and sex education (β = .134, p<0.05).It was recommended that there should be counseling services available to students of this category. Trained counselor should be posted to all the secondary schools so as to help counsel secondary school students who need to adjust in risky sexual behaviour. Parents should have effective supervision on their children risky sexual behaviour. There is a need for teacher to have greater supervision and regulations on students to enhance effectiveness of their self-esteem, good peers, good socio-economic status and helps in developing their emotions in order to adjust in sexual behaviour.
Keywords: Risky sexual behaviour, Parental socio-economic status, Peer influence, Sex education
AN INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF PHONOLOGICAL INTERFERENCE ON HAUSA-SPEAKING ENGLISH LEARNERS: A CASE OF FOUR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE DAMATURU METROPOLIS
CHUKWUEMEKA CHRISTIAN OKORIE
The Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Damaturu, Yobe State
This study examined the negative impact of phonological interference on Hausa-speaking English learners in secondary schools in the Damaturu metropolis. Ninety-six (96) students were tested in reading with specific emphasis on some words to determine how far their mother tongue influenced their pronunciation. Their voice notes were recorded and transcribed using the Received Pronunciation (RP) to determine the correctness or otherwise of their pronunciations. The findings showed that there is a prevalence of phonological interference among Hausa-speaking English learners in secondary schools in Damaturu. The study noted that this may, among other factors, be caused by the nonexistence of some of the affected English vowels. The study further asserts that phonological interference may lead to difficulty in participating in classroom discussions and tasks. Nonetheless, the study believes that teachers can help mitigate the challenges posed by phonological interference in classroom teaching and learning through means, such as focusing on sounds that are frequently mispronounced and giving learners plenty of opportunities to listen, reproduce and differentiate sounds.
Keywords: Phonological interference, teaching and learning, Hausa-speaking learners, mother tongue, Received Pronunciation
INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF UNIVERSITY FEMALE STUDENTS IN NORTH-EAST NIGERIA: AN EMPIRICAL VIEW
TEMITAYO OLUWAKEMI OLAITAN (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Foundations, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State
Human right activists, civil society organizations and government officials around the world continue to announce that violence against women and girls is a human rights matter. Educational researchers have described intimate partner violence (IPV) as formidable social problems that affect millions of people and families every year. In order to ascertain the extent at which IPV affect students’ academic achievement, the current study investigated the influence of IPV on academic performance of female university students in the north eastern states of Nigeria. Three research questions and hypotheses guided the study and descriptive research design was employed while 345 sample size was selected using Taro Yamane formula. Researcher-developed questionnaire was used for data collection, which yielded 0.88% reliability coefficient with the aid of Cronbach Alpha analysis. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions while Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed significant influence of intimate partner violence on physical health of female university students; significant influence of intimate partner violence on mental health of female university students as well as significant influence of intimate partner violence on economic stability of female university students in North Eastern States of Nigeria. It was therefore concluded that intimate partner violence affects academic achievement of female university students in North Eastern States of Nigeria as the victims suffer degrees of abuse ranging from physical, emotional and economic stability to smoothly run their academic programmes. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that female students should avoid any kinds of violent relationship as it is capable of affecting them physically which subsequently affect their academic achievement; and that school counsellor should sensitize female students about transactional relationships with sugar daddies as this always records unprofitable outcome.
Keywords: Intimate partner violence, academic achievement, female students, university community, physical, mental and economic stability
EFFECT OF INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING STRATEGY ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ISLAMIC STUDIES IN TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
College Of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria
This study investigated the effect of inquiry-based learning strategy on senior secondary school students’ academic achievement in Islamic Studies in Taraba State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were transformed into research questions and null hypotheses which guided the study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study employed a non-equivalent group quasi-experimental design. A sample of 107 SSII Islamic studies students (54 males and 53 females) from the population of 5416 students participated in the study. Purposive sampling was used in drawing the sample. Two schools were randomly selected for the study. Classes were randomly allocated to experimental and control groups. The instrument used for data collection in the study was Islamic Studies Achievement Test (ISAT) adapted by the researcher and validated by experts. Pre-test and post-test were used to assess the students’ academic achievement. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.89 using Kuder-Richardson K-R20 formula. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation and inferential statistic of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Findings from the study revealed that there was significant difference in the post-test mean achievement scores of students taught Islamic Studies using inquiry-based learning strategy and those taught using lecture method in favour of inquiry-based learning strategy. Also, the study revealed that there was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students in high and low ability groups. It was recommended among other things that, inquiry-based learning strategy should be adopted and practice by teachers of Islamic studies in senior secondary schools in Taraba State to enhance students’ academic achievement in the subject.
Keywords: Inquiry learning, teaching strategy, Islamic studies, academic performance, secondary students
INVESTIGATING THE CHALLENGES CONFRONTING REGULAR TEACHERS IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS TO CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ONDO EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
YEKINNI, LUKUMAN OYEWOLE
Department of Educational Psychology, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo
Education has been considered necessary for all and sundry regardless of abilities and disabilities. This is to say that regardless of the status of individual, education is paramount. Children with learning disabilities deserve the best education just like other individuals, they require appropriate support, techniques, special personnel, and appropriate curriculum to make a good feet in their academics. Despite low performance experiences among some children with mathematics learning disabilities, it is pertinent to note that the low feet experienced are based on minimal challenges faced by their teachers in order to fully access, propose and maintain their abilities towards high achievement in this subject. A survey design research was used in the study, fifty participants were chosen for the study. However, the study uses a self-design questionnaire to elicit information from participant. The questionnaire was divided into two sections, Section A and B. The results in the study showed that challenges faced by regular classroom teachers in teaching mathematics to children with learning disabilities is not limited to the curriculum, school environment or classroom management, but, are borne out of the parental involvement, income and background. However, little knowledge about who learners with learning disabilities really are, contributed to the challenges faced by these teachers. It was however, recommended that special education support which is a vital ingredient for successful inclusion, hence, employers of teachers in all nurseries, primary and secondary schools should ensure that fifty percent of school teachers have special education background.
INFLUENCE OF HOME ENVIRONMENT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN AWE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
TASHI A. TASHI
Nasarawa State College of Education Akwanga
This paper examined the influence of home environment on the academic performance of secondary school students. It highlighted on the definition of a home as a place where one lives within physical structures that are made up of apartments. The home is the immediate environment of every person. For good achievement of academic excellence, the home as an important agent of civilization from where children are first trained ought to be encouragingly healthy and free from hazard. The researcher finds out that, there is the need for frequent family interactions within the home Awe Local Government Area of Nasarawa State. As in other contexts, it is also applicable to families in Awe Local Government Area of Nasarawa State where frequent family interaction at home was found to be important and significantly related to students’ academic performance and achievement. Many students come from homes that are not encouraging and so this has adverse effects on their academic performance. However, children who come from well motivated homes perform higher than those who are not. Lastly recommendations were made.
EFFECTIVE METHODOLOGY: THE PATH TO QUALITY TEACHING AND LEARNING IN NIGERIA’S TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
*FATIMA BINTA HARUNA (Ph.D); **ABDULSAMAD BOLAJI ALABEDE; & ***JONATHAN ISHAYA
*Department of Economics, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa. **Department of Economics, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. Bauchi. ***Department of Social Sciences and Humanities School of General Studies Education Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
This paper reviewed some literatures on Quality Teaching with the aims of providing a theoretical background on the quality of teaching in higher education. It highlights the main debates on the topic to date, hoping to present the different perspectives that exist on the topic of quality in teaching. The review of the literature is organized in three main parts as to address three major questions: 1) “What is Quality Teaching and why is it important in higher education?” 2) “How can effective teaching be enhanced?” 3) “How can one make sure Quality Teaching initiatives are effective?” it goes further to look at the two approaches adopted by teachers which comprised of teacher centered approach it highlighted on lecture methods which is the approach mostly used by teachers at the higher institution, and its short comings which calls for the second approach (student centered approach) with its numerous styles which enhances effective teaching and learning .The paper therefore, concludes that there are many methods of teaching hence teachers should not stick to single styles since not all students responds well to one particular style, ideal teaching style is more of hybrid approach that blends the best of everything a teacher has to offer. And recommend that teachers should develop instructional styles that work well in diverse classroom as effective teaching methods engage gifted as well as slow- learning students and those with attention deficit tendencies. This is where a balanced mix of teaching styles can help reach all students in a given classroom.
Keywords: Effective Methodology, Path, Quality Teaching, Learning and Tertiary Institutions
ASSESSING ATTITUDES OF STUDENTS TOWARDS GEOGRAPHY SUBJECT IN SOME SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BILLIRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, GOMBE STATE
DUBAGARI S. AYUBA; JOSHUA M. ELGEN; OLADIMEJI TIMOTHY; & MAIDUGU YAMA
National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism
The study of geography as a social subject can be said to be very useful, because it broadens man’s knowledge about physical and human elements. However, a lot of students of geography get disillusioned about the subject and opt for other arts and social science subjects especially at the senior secondary school level. The objectives were to determine the interest of students in geography, how it affects their performance and attitudes in the subject as a future career. In this study, participants were asked to complete a close ended questionnaire on their attitudes towards the study of geography. Only 145 students from senior secondary schools studying geography answered the questionnaire in selected government and private schools in Billiri LGA, Gombe state. Respondents were 54% make and female with 30 participants each from the five (5) schools. The data collected were analysed using simple descriptive statics of percentages and tables. The findings were that inadequate teaching materials are the major problems facing the teaching and learning geography in the study area, and practicals in geography were rarely organized. As such, outcomes are that the students’ negative attitudes towards geography subject may be due to inadequate instructional materials, also, lack of competent geography teachers. The attitudes of students towards geography as a subject of study were that despite the average ability of geography teachers, the subject is too wide and involves a lot of reading to understand, also, inadequate methods and materials for teaching. The recommendation is that the schools management board should employ competent geography teachers and provide adequate instructional materials for practical activities so as to create attitudinal changes towards the subject of geography as a future career.
Keywords: attitudes, geography, performance
TOWARDS ENSURING INCLUSIVE AND EQUITABLE EDUCATION FOR DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN: IMPLICATION FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS
*ALAWIYE OLUWATAYO MOBAYO; & **OBIAGWU REBECCA BOSEDE
*Dept of Educational Psychology, Osun State College of Education, Ila-Orangun, Nigeria. **Dept of Early Childhood Education, Osun State College of Education, Ila-Orangun, Nigeria
Access to inclusive and equitable education is a legal right for all children irrespective of race, colour, tribe, tongue, religion and socio-economic status. Thus, it behoves every responsible nation and government to priotise the education of her citizenries. In the light of the foregoing, this paper discussed extensively issues relating to inclusive and equitable education for disadvantaged children. Specifically, it examined the concepts of disadvantaged children, inclusive and equitable education. It delved further to identifying and unraffling various factors that exacerbate the upsurge in the number of disadvantaged children in Nigeria before stressing the need for inclusive and equitable education for these groups of children. Further, the paper highlighted and discussed various measures and steps towards ensuring inclusive and equitable education for all disadvantaged children. Conclusively, cogent pragmatic suggestions were postulated which include the need to remove every form of barrier capable of impeding or limiting access of disadvantaged children to school (including tuition fees where available) by the government and also provision of sufficient fund for procurement of teaching and learning facilities and resources.
Keywords: Disadvantaged children, inclusive education, equitable education, early childhood educators
EFFECTS OF GUIDED INQUIRY TEACHING STRATEGY ON JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
*IBRAHIM DANLADI; **LAMUS USMAN LARAI; & **ABESHI SABO CLETUS
*Department of Integrated Science, College of Education Akwanga. **Department of Educational Foundation College of Education Akwanga
The study investigated the effect of guided inquiry teaching strategy on JSS achievement in Basic Science and Technology in Nasarawa State. The design of the research is quasi experimental design. Three research questions guided the study and three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population consists of 1233 drawn from 29 Junior Secondary Schools in Akwanga Education Zone. The sample of the study comprised 278 students drawn from four (4) coeducational school using simple random sampling and stratified sample method to obtain sample of 125 males and 153 female students. The research instrument used for data collection in this study was Basic Science and Technology Achievement – test (BTAT) on energy concept which developed by the researcher and administered to the students. Kuder-Richardson 21 formula was used to determine the reliability coefficient of BSAT, the coefficient of 0.80 was obtained. Means and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the research hypotheses were analysed using ANCOVA. The results show that students taught using guided inquiry method performed better than those taught using the lecture method. Male students taught Basic Science and Technology using both methods had higher mean achievement score than female counterparts taught Basic Science using the two methods. There is no significant interaction effect of gender and method on students mean achievement scores in Basic Science. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that teacher of Basic Science and Technology should use guided inquiry in teaching and learning of science.
Keywords: Achievement, Basic Science and Technology, Guided Inquiry, Teaching Strategy.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AS A PANACEA TO NATIONAL SECURITY
*AMBALI A.A. ADEREMI; *FATIHU SALMANU; *ALIYU IBRAHIM BICHI; & **DR. YEMI OWOLABI
*Department of Accounting Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria. **Department of Marketing, University of West Alabama, USA
Nigeria and most African countries had been bedeviled by insecurity in all facets and life. Insecurity comes in different shades and magnitude among which include militancy, kidnapping and human trafficking, election related crises, environmental degradation and terrorism in some parts of country. This paper looked at entrepreneurship education as education which can be used to eradicate poverty, enhance productivity and national security. The concept of entrepreneurship education was also examined as an important means and a valuable strategy to ensure productivity by boosting job creation for young people. One of the recommendations advanced in this paper was that Nigerians should be encouraged to embrace entrepreneurship education in order for them to be self-reliant and wealth creators without depending on government for white-collar jobs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Education, Panacea, National Security.
STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF COMMUNICATION ON DIABETES AND HYPERTENSION: A STUDY OF SELECTED TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
ALADE, OLUBUKOLA FELICIA; GOKE RAUF, PhD; ADEYEMI, SULIYAT ADEJOKE; & BADARINDE, ADEWALE JOHN
Department of Mass Communication, Adeleke University Ede, Osun state, Nigeria
Researches have shown that diabetes and hypertension have been responsible for deaths of thousands of people over the past years and so many still live with these conditions undetected. Many believe, including students, also believe that sugar and salt are responsible for these diseases. This paper examined students’ knowledge about and perception of communication on diabetes and hypertension among selected tertiary institutions in Osun state. The study adopted survey method to generate data from a sample size of 150 respondents purposively selected using questionnaire administered in Google forms via social media platforms of WhatsApp and Twitter. Adeleke university, Osun State University and Federal Polytechnic Ede, all in Osun state were selected for the study. The study found that students from the three selected schools in Osun states are fully aware of diabetes and hypertension as a serious health condition. The study showed that there is prominence given to diabetes and hypertension Among students of tertiary institutions in Osun state. Also, the study revealed that there was minimal media coverage of diabetes and hypertension directed at the students of tertiary institutions in Osun state. The study recommended that there is need for well-funded initiatives and media programs solely dedicated to diabetes and hypertension and sufficient media coverage of such programs/initiatives should be targeted at students of tertiary institutions and other segments of the public. Also recommended is deliberate use of strategic communication campaigns to improve dissemination of pertinent health information among students of tertiary institutions and the general public.
Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes, Communication, Students, Perception, Tertiary Institutions.
ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES OF MORALITY AND ITS IMPLICATION ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
*IBRAHIM, ABDULLAHI, Ph.D.; **AL-IMAM, MUBARAQ ZAKARIYA, Ph.D.; & ***ISHAQ, IBRAHIM
*Institute of Education, Kwara State University, Malete. **Arabic Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Oyo State. ***Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja
This paper aims at highlighting the significance of Moral components in the early childhood Education as perceived by Islam. Little concern has been relatively given to the morality of education in early childhood in Islamic perspective which has adverse effect on the subsequent stages of child in general. This paper therefore exposes us to various ways in which Islam incorporate the idea of Morality into the early childhood education, which serves as basis for educators (parents, teachers, etc.) on strategies to be used to manage the early childhood moral standard. This paper also focuses on the ethics prescribed by Islam, methods and even the emotional feeling as tools for early childhood moral stage.
EXPLORING EFFECTIVE TEACHING SKILLS FOR ACHIEVING THE GOAL OF BUSINESS EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS
HADIZA DAUDA, PhD
Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
Business education is a field of study offered in tertiary institutions to provide students with general knowledge of business practices. There are many Polytechnics in Nigeria that offer courses in business studies. Most of the lecturers that teach business education core courses in most institutions do not possess the requisite qualifications to do so. Business education requires teaching skills that are capable of equipping students to fit into the changing business world after graduation. The aim of this study is to undertake extensive review of extant literatures and empirical studies to find out effective teaching skills and strategies that lecturers must possess for achieving the goal of business education in the Nigerian Polytechnics. This paper also establishes that general and practical competences are not enough to achieve desired student outcomes but must be backed up with some critical strategies such as discussion class, seminars and workshops, industrial attachment for both teachers and students, individual research-based learning, among others.
KEYWORDS: Business education, goal, teaching skills, Polytechnics
SELF-CONCEPT AND REASONING ABILITY AS PREDICTORS OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN GEOMETRY
1IFAMUYIWA, ADEBOLA S. Ph.D; 2ELUMARO ADERONKE R.; AND 3ADENIJI ADENIYI JOSEPH
1&2Department of Science and Technology Education, Faculty of Education, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye. 3Mathematics Department, School of Secondary Education (Science), Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare Bauchi State
This study investigated the extent to which self-concept and reasoning ability predicted senior secondary school student’s performance in Geometry. The study adopted descriptive survey design of correlation type. The sample comprised one thousand two hundred (1200) senior secondary school two (SS2) students in Ogun State selected using multi-stage stratified sampling techniques. Three instruments; geometry performance test (GPT) (r=0.78); self-concept rating scale (SCRS) (r=0.69) and reasoning ability test (RAT) (r=0.79), were developed, validated and used for data collection. Multiple regression analysis (MRA) was used to analyze the data with result tested at the 0.05 level of significance. Results showed a significant composite contribution of self-concept and reasoning ability to the students’ performance in Geometry (F2, 1198=13.991, p<0.05). Also, the two predictor variables relatively significantly predicted student performance in Geometry. The study recommended that teachers should pay more attention to the reasoning ability and self-concept of students when teaching Geometry in schools from primary to the tertiary institution level.
Keywords: Geometry, Self-Concept, Reasoning Ability and Students’ Performance.
CREATING AN INCLUSIVE CLASSROOMS FOR CHILDREN WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN NIGERIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
BILKISU IBRAHIM MAHMOUD
Kano State College of Education and Preliminary Studies (KASCEPS)
The paper focused on creating inclusive classrooms for children with visual impairment in Nigerian primary schools. Salient issues such as concepts of inclusive education, inclusive classrooms, visual impairment, children with visual impairment, benefits of teaching children with visual impairment in inclusive classrooms, and strategies for creating inclusive classrooms, will be highlighted and discussed. In conclusion the paper posits that primary school teachers need to be flexible and willing to adapt classroom instruction to meet the learning needs of children with and without disabilities. At the same time, special education teachers need to collaborate with the significant stakeholders to ensure that learning takes place. However, regular student teachers must have skills in communication, collaboration, cooperative learning strategies and confidence to use these skills in the classroom where children with visual impairment are included. In this respect, those who have not received such training during their pre-service training should also receive it during their in-service training. The paper suggested among others that given the complex nature of classrooms and the increasing demands on teachers (who often have little or no specialized training in working with children with visual impairment), structures should be set up to provide the necessary help and guidance for them to make changes in their instruction.
Keywords: Inclusive, Classrooms, Visual Impairment, curriculum and teaching strategies.