INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 13 (8) MAY, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
CLASSROOM SIZE EFFECT IN EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN LERE DISTRICT TAFAWA BALEWA LGA BAUCHI STATE
University of Jos, Faculty of Education, Department of Arts Education.
The paper addresses the problem of inadequate funding of education in most developing countries which does not enable the school, system to have manageable class size adequate classroom space and appropriate class utilization. They research work investigates the effect of class size in effective teaching and learning of CRS in some selected secondary school in here. District to ascertain the teaching and learning of CRS. The aim/objectives of the study are determined the class size of their selected schools to determine the effect of class in teaching and learning of CRS in here district. The paper also ask the following questions such as: is there and relationship between class size and effective teaching and learning of CRS in secondary schools? Does class size really effects teaching and learning of CRS in secondary school? The paper recommends that, more classes should be built in school where there is high number of students and provide qualified and experienced teachers.
Keywords: classroom, size, effect, effective, teaching, learning
INFLUENCE OF STUDENTS’ PHOBIA IN SPEAKING ENGLISH ON LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SULE LAMIDO UNIVERSITY KAFIN HAUSA, JIGAWA STATE
MUHAMMAD GADDAFI SHUAIBU; USAMATU MANSUR; & DR. SANI AHMAD KATSAYAL
Department of Education, Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State
This research was carried out to examine influence of phobia of speaking English Language on Learning English Language among Sule Lamido University students Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State. Two objectives and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The research design employed was ex-post-facto survey design. The population of the study was three hundred level Education students of 2021/2022 session. There are two hundred and sixty nine (269) students in the Faculty of Education; this consists of 175 male and 94 female students. The researcher used one hundred and twenty two (122) students as sample of the study. The sample selection is guided by The Research Advisor (2006). The researcher used simple random sampling technique in sampling the respondents. Questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The researcher adapted the questionnaire developed by Muhammad (2020), it contains Likert Scale of five items namely strongly agree (SA), agree (A), undecided (U), disagree (D), strongly disagree (SD). The researcher used Test-Retest method of reliability in finding the reliability of the instrument, which found to be 0.75. The statistical tools used in analyzing the data were t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference in the influence of phobia among students of education departments of Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State, the result also found that there is no significant gender difference in the influence of phobia in speaking English language on learning English language among students of Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State. Among the recommendations raised by the researcher were: the students should make conscious efforts and seizing every possible opportunity to speak; whether it is on a formal or informal occasion. Lecturers, especially those who teach English Language and Communication Skills, should endeavor to create a friendly and supportive and non-threatening learning atmosphere to encourage students to speak English in and outside the classroom. They should intensify their research in communication apprehension to come out with training strategies that would significantly reduce students’ phobia to speak before the public.
KEYWORDS: Phobia, Learning English Language, Sule Lamido University, Level three Hundred, Speaking English Language.
SCHOOL-COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA
*IYALA, FELIX EMEKA (PH.D.); **EMMANUEL EJEH JOHN (PH.D.); ***OGBO, ADAMU OMAKU (PH.D.); & *ETIM EMEM DAMIAN
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. **Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies, University of Agriculture, Makurdi. ***Department Of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
This study investigated school-community relationship and management of secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Two research questions with corresponding two hypotheses were generated to guide the study. Correlational survey research design was used in this study. The total population of the study consisted of 7,344 subjects. The sample size of this study consisted of 853 respondents (52 principals, 697 teachers and 104 community members) drawn from 262 senior secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The instrument used for data collection was a-24 item questionnaire titled ‘School-Community Relationship and Management of Secondary Schools (SCRMSQ)’. The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.73 as the validity index. The instrument produced a reliability index of 0.74. All the research questions were answered using the descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using the Pearson’s product moment correlation. The findings of the study showed that there was a significant relationship between school-community and discipline of students in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State and there was a significant relationship between school-community and management of security issues in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. It was recommended that the Secondary Education Board in Akwa Ibom State should organise regular training for all the secondary school principals through seminars and workshops to enable them to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills needed for enhancing good school-community relationships that will promote effective management of secondary schools.
Keywords: School-community Relationship, Management, discipline and management of Security Issues
IMPACT OF AFFECTIVE DOMAIN BEHAVIOUR ON SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABDULLAHI GALLE1DR. MAIGONA TIMOTHY DODO2 & DR. SABO EZEKIEL SALEH3
1Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Philosophy of Education Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
Students’ emotional responses and expressions in many settings, particularly in mathematics as a subject taught in schools, influence their thoughts, behaviors, and relationships with peers, leading them to regard mathematics as a difficult subject. To that end, the study looked into the impact of affective domain behavior on the mathematics achievement of senior secondary pupils in Kano State, Nigeria. The investigation was led by research question and the accompanying hypothesis. The study employed a descriptive survey research approach, with 520 students serving as the sample size. Affective Domain Behaviour Questionnaires (SADBQ) were utilized to gather data, with Strongly Disagree=1, Disagree=2, Agree=3, and Strongly Agree=4 on a four-point Likert scale. SADBQ was validated and piloted, yielding a validity index of 0.77 and a reliability index of 0.77. Data were examined using mean and standard deviation to answer research question, while analysis of covariance (ANCOV) was employed to test the null hypothesis (Ho) at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that respondents have relatively similar attitudes and emotions toward mathematics across the different statements, with some variations in response for specific statements; thus, there is a significant impact of attitude, value, interest, motivation, self-concept, empathy, and emotional intelligence on students’ mathematics achievement in Kano State senior secondary students. Based on the data, it was suggested that positive motives, encouragement, and a strong interest in students’ affective behaviour at the affecting knowledge can increase their mathematics ability.
Keywords: Affective Domain, Behaviour, Mathematics, Achievement, Students
EFFECT OF INFORMATION NEEDS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ON SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES IN AYEDADE LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OSUN STATE
JOSEPH ADENIYI KOLAWOLE; OLUWOLE BANJI AJAYI; & DOLAPO PETER OLAGOKE
Library, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji – Arakeji, Osun State
This paper investigates the effect of information needs and socio-economic factors on small scale enterprises in Ayedade Local Government, Osun State. Information needs is an essential component in the designing and development of need based information centers for meeting the information requirements of small scale enterprises (Users). The survey research design was employed with a random sample of one hundred small scale businesses selected while eighty seven were analyzed as well as using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression. The study revealed that there was no significant relationship between information needs and growth of small scale enterprises (r = .352, N= 87, P(.101)> .05) while socio – economic factors had positive and significant relationship with growth of small scale enterprises in Ayedade Local Government Area of Osun State (r = .797, N= 87, P(.000)< .05). Also, the further revealed that information needs and socio-economic factors have significant influence on small scale enterprises in Ayedade Local Government Area of Osun State (r = .655, N= 87, P(.000)< .05). The study concluded that information needs and socio-economic factors are good determinants of successful small scale enterprises in Nigeria. It is recommended that small scale industry should be provided required information, focus and commit more resources to improve performance of small scale enterprise.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DYSCALCULIA AND LEARNING OUTCOME IN MATHEMATICS AMONG JS 111 STUDENTS IN NYANYA EDUCATION ZONE, FCT, ABUJA, NIGERIA
DR SULE SAMUEL SARDAUNA & BABAGANA MOHAMMED BUTU
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria
This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between dyscalculia (sequential, verbal, practognostic, operational) and students’ learning outcome in Mathematics in Nyanya Education zone, Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria. The study applied correlational survey research design. The population of the study comprised of all the junior secondary three (JS1II) students in Nyanya Education Zone, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. Through Simple random sampling procedures, the sample size of two hundred (200) students were randomly drawn from five different schools within the study area. This study used an instrument called a Questionnaire (SQ) constructed by the researcher and validated by experts in the field of Mathematics Education and Measurement and evaluation… One research question was stated to guide the study. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and tested at alpha = 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed among others that; there is significant relationship between dyscalculia (sequential, verbal, practognostic, operational) and students’ learning outcome in Mathematics. Based on this findings therein, the study recommended that students should engage in practice, extra-time, graphicalzed their work and evaluate their work or problems.
Keywords: Dyslexia; Dyscalculia; Mathematics; Teaching and learning; Students
ASSESSMENT OF THE AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF MATERIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION GENERAL STUDIES IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES
OJO MICHAEL, BAMIDELE Ph. D
Curriculum and Instruction Department Faculty of Education, Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, Oyo.
The need to ensure effective teaching and learning of entrepreneurship education general studies in Nigerian Universities necessitated this study on availability and utilization of material and human resources for the implementation of entrepreneurship education general studies in South-west Nigerian Universities five research questions guided the study. The population of the study consisted all South-west Nigerian Universities where entrepreneurship education General Studies have been integrated in to their programme. The researcher used simple random sampling technique to select three states out of the six states in South-west, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select one private and one public University in each of the three states and six faculties in each of the sampled Universities. Purposive sampling technique was used to select all entrepreneurship education general studies courses lecturers in all sampled universities. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “Availability and utilization of Material and Human Resources for the implementation of Entrepreneurship Education General Studies Questionnaire (AUMHRIEEOSS) and Teaching Strategies Used in the Teaching of Entrepreneurship Education General Studies Questionnaire (TSTEETSQ)” The instruments were validated by two experts in educational evaluation, from the institute of education, University of Ibadan. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained by trial testing and Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.82 and 0.94 respectively. The data collected were analyzed with the use of simple percentage. The study found that there is inadequacy in the availability of material resources as indicated by 75.8% respondents, the result also shows that 78.9% of the respondents claimed that human resources available for the implementation of the course is not adequate the findings equally revealed that 73.8% of the course lecturers claimed that material resources for the implementation of entrepreneurship education were not adequately utilized while 76.5% respondents claimed that human resources are not adequately utilized. The findings also revealed that the strategies that were mostly used to teach entrepreneurship education include lecture method, Brainstorming, Problem Solving, Group Work, Group Discussion Mentoring. The study concluded that the level of availability and utilization of material and human resources for the implementation of entrepreneurship education general studies is not adequate. Based on the findings and conclusion of this study, it was recommended among others that University management should procure adequate material resources and equipment, government should make adequate provision for relevant material resources, there should be training programmes and skills development for entrepreneurship education general studies lecturers, and there should be repositioning of the teaching method used for the implementation of the course
Keywords: Material and human resources, Entrepreneurship education general studies, South west, Nigerian Universities
STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION WITH PRIVATE SCHOOL LIBRARY RESOURCES IN UYO METROPOLIS, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA
UDO, CLEMENT SAMUEL; & AJI SAMUEL OCHE
Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo.
The study was carried out to examine school library resources and students’ Satisfaction in Private Secondary Schools, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Three objectives and Research questions were formulated to guide the study while three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. A researcher-structured questionnaire entitled “School Library Resources and Students Satisfaction Questionnaire (SLRASSQ)” was used to elicit responses from respondents. The population of the study consisted of ten private secondary schools in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. Simple random sampling technique was adopted to select five Private Secondary Schools for the study. Research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while t-Test was used in analyzing the data. From the findings, there was a significant influence of text books, serial collection and audio-visual resources on students Satisfaction in private secondary schools in Uyo. It was recommended among others that Current text books in all subjects should be provided in school libraries.
Keywords: Students Satisfaction, School library resources, Text Books, Audio visual resources
EFFECT OF SCAFFOLDING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND RETENTION IN MECHANICS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
1KADIRI, JAMES OSA AND 2SAMUEL, IWANGER RUTH
Department of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
This study investigated the effect of scaffolding learning strategy on students’ achievement and retention in Mechanics in Niger State, Nigeria. Quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test, post-post-test control group research design was employed for this study. Four research questions guided the study and four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of this study comprises of 2,636 SS I Science students from 70 senior secondary schools in East senatorial district, Niger State, Nigeria for 2021/2022 academic session. Multistage sampling procedure was employed to draw the sample for this study. The instrument for data collection is Mechanics Achievement Test (MEAT). Split-half reliability was used to determine the reliability and coefficient of 0.86 was obtained Means and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses. The findings from this study revealed that; There was a significant difference in the mean achievement of students taught Mechanics using Scaffolding Learning Strategy and the conventional method. F1,120) = ratio of 26.102 was obtained with associated exact probability value of 0.000, (F1,120) = 26.102; p = .000 <a = .05). There was no significant difference in the mean retention of students taught Mechanics using Scaffolding Instruction Strategy and the conventional method. F1,120) = ratio of 2.944 was obtained with associated exact probability value of 0.089, (F1,120) = 2.944; p = .089 >a = .05). Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that; Physics teachers should adopt Scaffolding Instructional Strategy as it would go a long way in improving students’ achievement and retention in Mechanics.
Keywords: Achievement, Mechanics, Scaffolding Instructional Strategy, Students, Retention
PRACTICAL-BASED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY AND PUPILS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS N UKWA-WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA
ONYEKA, EDITH CHINYERE (PhD.); DR. ALBERT TOBECHUKWU NWAMARADI; & OKAFOR-AGBALA UZOAMAKA CHIMUANYA. (Ph.D.)
Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, P.M.B. 5025 Awka, Anambra State. Nigeria
The study explored practical-based instructional strategy and pupils’ academic achievement in mathematics in Ukwa-West Local Government Area of Abia state, Nigeria. The study is a quasi-experimental, non – randomized, control group pretest, post-test design. Intact classes were used. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study was carried out in Ukwa-West Local Government Area of Abia state, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand one hundred and thirty-six lower basic pupils. A sample of two hundred and twenty-one basic three pupils were used for the study. The Research instrument used for the study was the Lower basic mathematics achievement test (LBMAT) The Kuder-Richardson Formula 21 was used to determine the reliability coefficient of LBMAT which was found to be 0.79. The data collected was analyzed. The research questions were answered using mean, standard deviation, while, the hypotheses were analyzed using ANCOVA. The findings of the study revealed that the use of a practical-based instructional strategy significantly improved students’ achievement than the conventional instructional strategy (P=0.000, p < 0.05). The findings showed that there was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught mathematics using a practical-based instructional strategy (P=0.20 > 0.05). From the results of the study, it was recommended that a practical-based instructional strategy should be used in teaching mathematics at lower basic level to improve pupils’ achievement in mathematics.
Keywords: Practical-based instructional strategy, academic achievement, and conventional instructional strategy
A SURVEY OF THE AVAILABILITY AND STUDENTS’ UTILIZATION OF ELECTRONIC LEARNING FACILITIES IN UNIVERSITIES’ LIBRARY IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
Nigeria Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State
This study examined the survey of the availability and student’s utilization of electronic learning facilities in universities library in Delta state, Nigeria. The objectives were to identify the electronic learning facilities available in federal and state universities in Delta state and to determine the level of utilization, purpose and identify the problems of electronic learning facilities between the students in federal and state universities in Delta state. The research is a descriptive survey research design. The population comprised of one thousand six hundred and eighty students. These were randomly selected from the state and federal universities in Delta state. Research designed questionnaire entitled electronic learning facilities in universities in Delta state was used to collect data. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity by experts and tested for reliability using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient Index. Descriptive statistics, percentage and mean score were used to analyze collected data for the research questions, while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference in the electronic learning facilities available in the federal and state universities in Delta state (p = 0.00). The federal and state universities in Delta state lack adequate electronic learning facilities. However, the responses of the respondents revealed that federal universities in the state have significantly more than their counterpart state universities. The study also revealed that, students in federal universities utilize electronic learning facilities more than state universities. The result also showed that male students utilized electronic learning facilities more than their female counterpart. The purpose in which students utilize electronic learning facilities also differs between the male and female in the universities in Delta state. The study also revealed that the problems that hinder effective utilization of electronic learning facilities includes lack of power supply, attitudes of users, lack of qualified library staff, insufficient internet access point. The study concluded that Federal universities in Delta state are significantly better than the state universities in the state in terms of electronic learning facilities available. Based on the findings, federal and state universities in Delta state should provide more electronic learning facilities to universities and government should organize training programme for female students.
KEYWORDS: Availability, Students’ Utilization, E-Learning, Electronic Learning Facilities Library
PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
AJI, SAMUEL OCHE
Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo.
This study will cover the opportunities and difficulties facing librarians and information professionals throughout the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Exploring this subject is crucial since 4IR has fundamentally altered how information is received and used by individuals. A librarian or LIS professional is described as having knowledge of resources in all of their forms as well as the ability to acquire, organize, and disseminate these materials. The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) is characterized by a greater degree of interconnection between humans, digital technology, and scientific technology (such as robots). Moreover, a time when technology is more frequently used by people to fulfill their daily tasks. Information in general has been transformed forever by 4IR. Because of this, information and LIS professionals need to reconsider their skills and offerings if they wish to remain relevant in this age. The key benefit of 4IR is that users can access internet materials whenever they want. This presents an opportunity for them to guarantee that they perform their function as sources of unfettered knowledge. However, their inability to acquire the necessary skills to be e-ready is their biggest obstacle as a result of 4IR. Another issue is the expanding digital divide, which prevents them from contributing to the provision of services and access to the less fortunate. Due to the fact that some clientele wouldn’t be able to access the internet services and resources. In conclusion, the study examined the potentials and difficulties that Information Professionals and Librarians face while engaging in 4IR.
ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT OF SERIAL IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES IN BAUCHI STATE (A CASE STUDY OF BAUCHI STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY)
*FELICIA JOHN; & **ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD
*Department of Library and Information Science, Bauchi state University, Gadau. **Abu Ali Library, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
This research work is on acquisition and management of serials in Bauchi state university library Gadau. The research was centered on the acquisition, storage, utilization and management of serials and their attendant problems involved in the Imo state academic library. The research employed the survey method of research, using questionnaires, interview schedules and direct observation to collect data. Apart from the methodology and procedures of investigation, which were given the presentation, analysis and interaction, the findings were also done, data was analyzed using simple percentages. Results gotten should that the acquisition, storage and utilization of serial were affected by inadequate funding, inadequate accommodation, lack of storage facilities and inadequate number of personnel. The researcher recommended that the perspective authorities involved should ensure of adequate funding of the serials department, provision of adequate accommodation, formulating well thought out storage policy and recruiting enough personnel in the section. Recommendations for further studies were also made. The researcher is of the view that these recommend actions will help to alleviate the serials management problems if they are implemented.
Keywords: Acquisition, Management, Serials, Academic, Libraries
THE USE OF GIS TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING STUDENTS OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL THE ART OF MAP READING AND INTERPRETATION IN SOME SELECTED SCHOOLS OF KATSINA STATE
NA’IYA HAFIZ K; AMINU Z GWANDU; & ABDULRAZAQ A. AHMAD
Department of Geography, Federal College of Education Katsina state, Nigeria.
The availability of geographic applications and geographical information systems (GIS) has created many interesting possibilities for the analysis, interpretation, and production of geographic information (GI). GIS has been used extensively to teach students map reading in many countries. However, Nigeria seems to be left behind in this. Using a quasi-experimental approach, this study investigated the Use of GIS Techniques in teaching Students of Senior Secondary Schools the art of Map Reading and Interpretation in Some selected schools of Katsina State. The multistage sampling method is used to select the sample. The use of the GIS technique was evaluated both before and six weeks after the training. The data were obtained in 3 phases. Phase one is the pretest when both the control and experimental groups answer WAEC 2022 questions on map reading. The researcher scores the answers based on the WAEC marking guide. The second phase is the training phase where respondents in the experimental group only trained on the use of GIS. The third phase is the post-test where both two groups answer questions on map reading and the researcher scores the answers. For data analysis, SPSS 22 was used. Findings revealed that at baseline there was no significant difference between the students in the experimental and control group. It was also found that there is a significant difference between the students who were taught map reading using GIS and those taught using the traditional method. Therefore, it can be concluded that GIS is an effective method of teaching map reading, and is even more effective than the traditional method. It is recommended that governments should equip schools with adequate computers and software for teaching GIS. Geography teachers should be also trained in the use of GIS in teaching map reading. It is also recommended that training modules be designed and distributed to schools for use in teaching and learning map reading using GIS
Keywords: Geographic Information System (GIS), Techniques, Computer, Map reading and interpretation (MRI)
EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ADDICTION ON READING CULTURE OF STUDENTS IN NIGERIA
ONYEMUZE BENJAMIN NDUNWELU
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi
In the last few decades, social media has become a vital component of life all over the world. Social media has gradually preoccupied the majority of the time of members of the family with it leading to concerns about the negative consequences such as academic achievement, social connection, sleep quality, mental health and especially reading culture of students in Nigeria. This review aims to discuss the association between addiction to social media and the reading culture of students in higher institutions in Nigeria using Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi as a case in study. The survey method was used for this study which was done by giving out questionnaires to 1500 randomly chosen students of Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi from which a total of 1300 questionnaires were completed and returned. This implies a 86.7% return rate. The data was then analyzed using graphical charts. The findings from the analysis of the data gotten confirms that there is a decline in the reading culture among Nigerian students due to social media addiction and the future of the country is threatened by this ugly development and if nothing is done to tackle the decline headlong, the entire system that make up the Nigerian State including the economic, political, social sub-sets, would also decline as they are all knowledge-driven.
THE IMPACT OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS CONCEPTS USING MOTHER TONGUE AND LOCAL INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE AT JSS IN KATSINA STATE
ALIYU IDRIS YUSUF; MUHAMMAD MUSTAPHA ABDUSSALAM; & IBRAHIM MAMMAN SAWUDI
Mathematics Department, Federal College of Education, Katsina
This research focused on the impact of teaching mathematics concept using mother tongue and local instructional materials and adopted quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design where experimental and control groups were formed and descriptive survey design using questionnaires. The population of the study comprised of all Junior secondary two (JS II) students in Katsina state. Six schools were randomly selected from the three senatorial zones in Katsina state (two from each strata) using stratified sampling and one male and one female from each strata. 60 students were selected from each school to form four groups (three experimental and one control groups) and used for the study 60 mathematics teachers were selected (20 from each strata) for the study. Geometry Achievement Test (GAT) was used to collect pre-test and post-test scores of students before and after treatment and a self-designed questionnaire to determine interest of teachers whose reliability coefficient are 0.91 and 0.722 respectively obtained from Cronbach alpha after pilot test was conducted. Descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA were tools used for data analysis. The results revealed that the use of mother tongue and local instructional materials have positive impact on the students’ performance compared with the traditional method and that the usage of both mother tongue and local instructional materials is gender friendly. Teachers have positive interest on desires to use mother tongue and local instructional materials, however, they are faced with the challenges of lack of vocabulary and difficulties in translation of some concepts to mother tongue and non-availability of instructional materials in school for teaching mathematics. It was recommended that mother tongue must be used properly at all level of educational ladder and teachers should always use available local instructional materials for teaching mathematics concepts to yield improved performance.
Keywords: Teaching Mathematics, Mother Tongue, Local Instructional Materials, Student Performance, JSS Level.
UTILIZING MATHEMATICAL MODELING SOFTWARE TO TEACH REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONS OF MATHEMATICS TO SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
RABIU SHUAYBU RDADI; AND MUKHTAR ABUBAKAR
1Department of Computer Science Federal College of Education Katsina. PMB 2041 Katsina State.
This study investigated the effectiveness of using mathematical modelling software in enhancing students’ mathematical competence and understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. The study involved 50 secondary school students in Nigeria, who were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The intervention consisted of a series of lessons focused on geometry and data analysis, which were designed to incorporate the use of the GeoGebra mathematical modelling software. A pretest and posttest were administered to both groups to assess the students’ mathematical competence, and a survey was conducted to gather their perceptions of the use of the software. Classroom observations were also conducted to gather data on the implementation of the lessons and the use of the software by the participants. The results of the study showed a significant improvement in the mathematical competence of the experimental group, as evidenced by their higher posttest scores compared to their pretest scores and those of the control group. The survey also revealed positive perceptions of the use of the software in learning mathematics, and the classroom observations indicated that the lessons were successfully implemented and the software was effectively utilized by the students. These findings suggest that the integration of mathematical modelling software in mathematics education can enhance students’ mathematical competence and their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Therefore, it is recommended that educators consider incorporating such software in their teaching to improve students’ learning outcomes in mathematics. Further research is also recommended to explore the effectiveness of using different types of mathematical modelling software and to investigate the long-term effects of such interventions on students’ mathematical competence.
Keywords: Modeling Software, Real-World Applications, GeoGebra, Mathematical competence, Secondary school students
ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION RESOURCES, AND SERVICES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH EASTERN STATES, NIGERIA
Department of Library and information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State
This study assessed information resources, accessibility, and services in federal polytechnic libraries in the North Eastern States-Nigeria. The study was guided by nine objectives, nine research questions and five objectives. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study areas were Federal Polytechnics of North Eastern States, which involves Federal Polytechnic Bali, Bauchi, Damaturo, Kaltungo and Federal Polytechnic Mubi. The target population comprised 197 professional and paraprofessional librarians and 6807 library users, totaling 7704 respondents. Using purposive sampling technique and Yamane formular modified by Polonia (2013) for calculating sample size, the sample size for this study was four hundred (400) from the six polytechnics. The researcher used questionnaire for data collection. The data generated from the research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while, ANOVA was used to test the two null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study has established that the level of availability of information resources is inadequate; books were moderately accessible to the users and users were moderately satisfied with journals; text books and reference books and newspapers. The study further found that circulation service was provided excellently but other services were fairly provided in the libraries under study. Furthermore, the purpose for using information resources and services include writing assignment, conducting research, reading for test and examination, browse the internet/online resources. This study found inadequate information resources, inadequate infrastructural facilities, outdated information resources, difficulty in locating resources in the library, poor electricity supply, network fluctuation and inadequate library staff as challenges associated with the provision and utilisation of information resources and services in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. Recommendations were made.
Keywords: Information Resources, Accessibility, Utilisation, Services, Polytechnic, Libraries, North East, Nigeria
KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDE OF PRE-SERVICE MATHEMATICS TEACHERS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA TOWARDS HIGHER -ORDER THINKING SKILLS (HOTS)
ZINYAHS, MARIS ZAKKA (PhD)
FCT College of Education, Zuba –Abuja, Mathematics Department
This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge, skills and attitude of pre-service Mathematics teachers in Colleges of Education, North Central Nigeria towards higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) and teachers’ exposure to HOTS through the teaching mathematics courses through their level of knowledge, skills and attitude towards HOTS. The study was conducted at Colleges of Education, North Central Nigeria which comprises Niger State, Benue State, Kogi State, Nasarawa State, Plateau State, Kwara State and FCT Abuja. There are 31 Colleges of Education in these North Central States both Federal, State and Private were used in this study. A sample of 620 pre-service mathematics teachers were used in the study through simple random sampling techniques. Questionnaires were used as instrument in the research and were distributed to preservice Mathematics teachers to obtain data regarding their levels of knowledge, skills and attitude towards HOTS and the exposure to HOTS through teaching mathematics courses in Colleges of Education, North Central Nigeria. The descriptive statistics were used to determine the mean scores of the level of knowledge, skills and attitude among the pre-service Mathematics teachers. The findings shown that the knowledge and skills of pre-service Mathematics teachers in Colleges of Education, North Central Nigeria towards HOTS were at a moderate level as opposed to their attitude and exposure to HOTS which were found to be at a high level. In conclusion, the indicates that pre-service Mathematics teachers in Colleges of Education have positive attitude towards the implementation of HOTS and they have knowledge and skills. This study can be useful in the field of Mathematics education as it can serve as a guidance to further enhance the knowledge, skills and attitudes especially for future Mathematics teachers in implementing HOTS effectively and improving the quality of the teaching program offered by the Colleges of Education in Nigeria.
Keywords: Knowledge, Skill, attitude, Higher-order thinking skill, pre -service mathematics teachers, & Exposure
THE RELEVANCE OF SECURITY STUDIES IN NIGERIA’S ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS: A CASE STUDY OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA
MOHAMMED SAGIR BUNUNU; SALISU SULEIMAN ABDULLAHI; & SAIDU SANUSI IBRAHIM
Department of Crime Management, Federal Polytechnic Kaltungo, Gombe State.
Conflict, violence, and revolution are fundamental in human character, while dialogue is one of the methods of resolving conflicts in human society. The threat of kidnapping, terrorism, tribal agitation, the opinionated struggle for power, and corruption in various places of trust in Nigeria have informed the minds of Nigerian scholars from multiple disciplines towards seeking solutions to reduce these happenings and possibly bring them to the barest minimum. The recent horrors of banditry, kidnapping, armed robbery, farmer, pastoralist clashes, etc., have added another layer to Nigeria’s insecurity. This can be attributed to a lack of adequate knowledge of the concept and philosophy of security studies in Nigeria’s academic institutions. This research investigated the relevance of security studies in Nigeria’s educational institutions, with Gombe State as a case study. The study employed a survey method, and two academic institutions in Gombe state were selected as clusters. Respondents were selected in each cluster using simple random sampling (SRS). A total of 250 respondents were chosen for both quantitative and qualitative data. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 24 was used to process the quantitative data, while the qualitative data collected through IDI was transcribed and used to complement the quantitative data. Realists’ perspectives on security studies were used as a theoretical framework. The study revealed the necessity for security studies programmes in Nigeria’s academic institutions and recommended its establishment in all of Nigeria’s institutions of higher learning.
Keywords: Academic Institutions, Gombe State, Nigeria, Relevance, and Security Studies
ERROR ANALYSIS OF ABSOLUTE TENSE IN LANGUAGE USE BY MANAGEMENT STUDENTS OF THE POLYTECHNIC, BALI
General Studies Department, the Polytechnic, Bali Taraba State
This study focuses on “ Error Analysis of Absolute Tense in Language Use by Management Students of The Polytechnic, Bali” which aims at investigating error of Tense. The participants were 73 and all students of Business Management Department, in the study area. They were between the age of 20 -25 in this study. This work adopts both qualitative and quantitative approaches which dwell on written text by some selected students in their subject area to see how Use of English improve their written communication and where they have issues. Theoretical framework underpins this study is Error Analysis (EA) which aims at assessing, identifying, describing and explaining the errors of learners in language use. Considering the claim of EA, this study uses Darus (2009) surface structure of error categorisation. The criterion in this study asserts that any error that has attained a mean score of 1.0 and above is to be considered as a significant finding. The results showcase that the participants struggle most with errors of simple present and past tense than simple future tense. Therefore, the errors of present and past tense are considered significant while error of simple future is insignificant finding in this study. Some useful recommendations in respect to that are made.
Keywords: Error Analysis, Error, L2 Learner, English Language, Absolute Tense
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL MEDIA ENGAGEMENT AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN COLLEGE OF ARABIC AND ISLAMIC LEGAL STUDIES, ILORIN, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
JAMIU, MAHMOOD SULEIMAN
School of Education and General Studies (SEGS). Kwara State College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies (CAILS), Ilorin, Nigeria.
This study examined the Relationship Between Social Media Engagement and School Adjustment on Academic Performance of Students in College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. The study was guided by two (2) objectives, two (2) research questions and two (2) null hypotheses. The descriptive statistics of percentage was used to present the demographic profiles, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions; while inferential statistics of Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (r) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Demographic profiles of the 250 respondents in the study, 165 (66.0%) were male; while 85 (34.0%) were female. The study concluded that positive relationship exists between social media engagement and school adjustment among students of College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies, Ilorin, in Kwara State, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that, college administrators and counsellors should help students to sustain the use of media positively, through guidance programmes of social media engagement, in order to facilitate effective social and educational aspects of school adjustment among college students and they should be encouraged to build their self-academic performance so that their attribution for success can be improved upon as well. It was concluded that parents should be involved in building their children’s academic performance through motivation and encouragement. Also, college management should facilitate positive use of media, through enlightenment programmes on social media, so as to have continuous positive social media engagement and educational adjustment in the college.
Keywords: Relationship, Social Media Engagement, School Adjustment, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies, Ilorin and Academic Performance.
EFFECTS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNING (ELT) ON THE STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN THE POLYTECHNIC, BALI
YAKUBU ISHAKU MA’AJI
General Studies Department, the Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State
This study investigates some effects of teaching and studying the English language on students’ performance academically in The Polytechnic Bali. Hundred (100) respondents were the participants of this research. Thirty (30) of them were lecturers and seventy (70) were students of the same institution. Some factors such as insufficient English language teachers, inadequate instructional facilities, no or less classroom interaction between the lecturers and the students among other things were examined to know their effects on the students academic performance in English language teaching and learning in The Polytechnic. Some useful recommendations were used in respect to the findings of this work. Questionnaires were developed for both lecturers and students for the sake of different academic status. A simple percentage was used as a tool for the analyse of the variables in this study.
Keywords: English Language, teaching, learning, students, teachers
IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION ON THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY EDUCATION IN YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE
OGAR GODWIN AGBOR
Department of Educational Foundations, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa State.
The purpose of this study is to examined the impact of educational supervision on the management of secondary education in Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State. Currently, information and communication technology (ICT) has revolutionized the whole education process, and supervision is becoming a major instrument for quality standard of educational development in the society. At present, the scope of educational supervision has widened more than ever to comprehend the functions of educational system. This stressed the fact that, quality standard of education is link to regular and effective supervision of secondary education. In this connection therefore, the study stated three research questions which are derived from the objectives of the study. The research design adopted for this study is a case study research design. The total population used for this study is one thousand and sixty students. The sampling technique adopted for the research is simple random sampling. Three hundred students are used for sample, involving twenty students picked in each of the fifteen schools. The instrument for data collection in all the secondary schools selected for this study is questionnaire. The questionnaire was structure in a four points scale of Likert-Like type, and the method for data analysis is mean score. The research findings showed that principals are efficient personnel in monitoring of school activities, and Ministry of Education officials are playing leading roles in staff and instructional supervision in secondary schools. The study recommendations are that, the secondary school principals should carry-out awareness and sensitization workshops for staff to see the need of school supervision and the government should provide enough funds to ministry of education officials to carry-out frequent supervision in schools.
INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION STUDENTS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA
ANWO, ABDULMALIK OLAYINKA
Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria
The rate at which students use social media networks is on the increase due to advancement in Information and Communication Technologies. This research examined the influence of social media on academic performance of students in Colleges of Education in Kano state. To achieve this, the descriptive survey research design was adopted. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw one hundred and fifty students from each of the three government owned colleges of education in Kano state. A total of four hundred and fifty students participated in this research. Two research questions and two research hypotheses guided the study. An instrument titled ‘Social Media and Academic Performance of Students Questionnaire’ (SMAPSQ) which was used to collect data from the participants was validated by experts in the field and the reliability coefficient for the instrument was 0.833 via test retest. Mean and simple percentage were used to answer the research questions, while Chi-square (x2) was used in testing the research hypotheses at P=0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that students’ use of social media has significant positive influence on students’ academic performance. No significant difference was observed in social media usage of male and female students. It was recommended that social media should be used for educational purposes and that students should be educated by their lecturers on the role social media can play in improving their academic performance.
Keywords: Social media, Colleges of Education, academic performance, Students, Influence
EDUCATION AND SENSITIZATION OF BENEFICIARY COMMUNITIES IN ACHIEVING SUCCESS FOR PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY – A CASE STUDY OF INNOVATIVE MEASURES of DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES
OGBANGA, MINA MARGARET (PhD)
Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Rivers State University of Science & Technology. Rivers State Nigeria.
This journal paper presents a case study on the role of education and sensitization in achieving project sustainability for development agencies. The study focuses on the innovative measures implemented by these agencies to ensure the success and long-term impact of their projects in beneficiary communities. Through a literature review and a detailed analysis of the case study, the paper explores the importance of education and sensitization as key components of successful development projects. It also highlights the challenges faced by development agencies in implementing these measures and proposes practical solutions for overcoming them. The paper concludes that education and sensitization are crucial for achieving project sustainability, and that development agencies must continue to invest in these measures to ensure the long-term impact of their projects on beneficiary communities.
Keywords: education, sensitization, communities, sustainable development
PSYCHOPHILOSOPHY OF BEGGING POST COVID-19 ERA TRAUMA AMONG UNEMPLOYED EDUCATED CITIZENS IN ILORIN EMIRATE OF NIGERIA
*DR. ABDULLAHI IBRAHIM SALAH-DEEN; & **DR. IBRAHIM ALI ALLAFIAJI
*Institute of Education, Department of Arts and Sciences Education, Kwara State University, Malete. **Department of Arts and Sciences Education, Kwara State University, Malete.
The effect of Covid-19 has rendered some people to have begging mindset, especially, in Ilorin Emirate of Nigeria. This practice has become a career or profession from one generation to the other. Some of these beggars, use proceeds from begging to cater for their needs. These beggars are educated. As a result of this sorrow situation, this paper sets to investigate the psychology of philosophy of adult educated street beggars in Ilorin Emirate of Nigeria. Based on this, 15 educated adult street beggars were purposively interview in troop to understand their psychophilosophy of begging. The data saturation resulted in revealing 3 major themes that cause the street begging among the informants. The research suggests solutions for government of Kwara state, educational stakeholders and policy makers to help educated adult street beggars secure job, empower them to curtail the menace of begging in Ilorin Emirate, Kwara state.
Keywords: Psychophilosophy; Ilorin Emirate; Street begging; Covid-19; Trauma, Unemployment.