INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND BIOTECHNOLOGY (TIJARBT)
VOL. 13 (1) MAY, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
EFFECT OF INDO LEACETIC ACID ON THE GERMINATION RATE AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF GLYCINEMAXL MERRILLIN (SOYBEAN)
1UMEOKA, N.; 2EGBUCHA, K. C.; & 3NZENWA, P. O.
1Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology (Botany), Faculty of Biological Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State. 2Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology (Botany), College of Natural Science, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. 3Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State.
The effect of Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA) was carried out on the germination and seedling growth of Glycinemax L. Merrillin (soybean). The seeds of soybean were pre-soaked in different concentrations of IAA: 50ppm, 100ppm, 150ppm, 200ppm and 0ppm (control). After two days of planting, germination was observed in all the treatments. From the results obtained Final Germination Percentage (FGP), the highest was in 0ppm (96.67%) followed by 100ppm (93.33%), 50ppm and 150ppm (90%) and the least 200ppm (83.33%). The Mean Germination Time (MGT) was minimum in 0ppm (2days) and maximum in 50ppm (2.89 days). Germination Rate Index (GRI) was maximum in 0ppm (48.33%) and minimum in 200ppm (34.17% days). Among the IAA concentrations, 100ppm gave better germination results. The radicle length was longest in 0ppm (21.33mm) and shortest in 150ppm (9.66mm). With 13.15mm long, 100ppm has the second best length of radicle. Number of roots per plant was 11.25 in 0ppm (maximum) and 3.62 in 150ppm (minimum). Number of plants with leaf emergence showed 100ppm which had the highest number, while no leaf was observed in 0ppm. The pretreatment of soybean seeds can enhance the germination and seedling growth. The IAA application (concentration) should be moderate so as to obtain the best outcome.
Keywords: Effect, Indole-3-Acetic Acid, Germination, Seedling growth, Glycinemax L. Merrillin (Soybean).
SPATIAL VARIABILITY IN THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOME SOILS IN MUTUM BIYU, GASSOL LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
*1JUGULDE, D. A., 2MUSA, H. AND 3SALEM, A.
1Deparment of Crop Production, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State, 1Deparment of Soil Science, Modibbo Adama University, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. 2Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
An assessment was conducted on the spatial variability in the physico-chemical properties in soils of Mutum Biyu, Gassol Local Government Area of Taraba State. Four soil profile pits were randomly sunk within the study area, following standard procedure. Soil samples were then collected from identified genetic horizon in each of the dug soil profile, carefully stored, processed and analyzed in the laboratory using standard procedures. The results revealed that soils of the study area were found to be deep to very deep in depth, while surface and subsurface soils were predominantly dark red and dusky red in colour. Soil texture was predominantly found to be loamy sand, while mean bulk density and total porosity values ranges from 1.53 to 1.58 g/cm3 and 35.25 to 37.5%, respectively. The soil pH was moderately acidic in nature (pH range 6.40 to 6.43) across the pedon. The organic carbon, total nitrogen and available phosphorus were generally low. Similarly, the exchangeable bases were generally rated low with the exception of magnesium which was observed to be medium in content (0.97 to 1.13cmol/kg). Soil variability was observed to be low to moderate for most soil properties across depths. This is an indication that soil depth rarely influenced the content and distribution of both physical and chemical properties in the study area. In order to improve upon the fertility statue of soils of the study area, it is therefore recommended that, the incorporation of crop residue, addition of organic manures and provision of adequate drainage will improve the physical and chemical properties of the soils, which will in turn enhance sustainable crop production.
Keywords: Spatial, Variability, Exchangeable bases, Organic matter, Soil pH
EFFECT OF METACOGNITION APPROACH ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN NASARAWA EGGON LOCAL GOVERNMENT, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
1DR. SALIHU ABDULLAHI GALLE, 2DR. BALA SANI ABDULLAHI & AKAWU GIDEON ABRAHAM3
1&3Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Educational Psychology Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
Students skills secondary schools such as self-awareness, self-monitoring, self-reflection, and self-regulation, all of which play a crucial role in effective learning, critical thinking, and decision-making. To stimulate this, the scholars investigated the effect of Metacognition Approach (MA) on Agricultural science achievement of senior secondary students in Nasarawa Eggon Local Government, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Two research questions with its corresponding null hypotheses guided the study. Quasi-experimental research design involving pre-test, post-test control group was employed. The population for the study consists of all 3,343 SS II students that offering Agricultural Science and 140 students were used as sample size of the study. 50 multiple-choice items entitled ‘‘Agricultural Science Achievement Test’’ (ASAT) were used as an instrument for data collection. ASAT was validated and piloted, yielding a validity index of 0.87 and a reliability index of 0.87 using KR20. Data were examined using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions, while analysis of covariance (ANCOV) was employed to test the null hypotheses (Ho) at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings of this study revealed that, there was a statistically significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students taught Agricultural Science using MA and those counterparts in conventional class. Further result revealed that, there is no statistically significant interaction difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught Agricultural Science using MA and those counterparts in conventional class. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that teachers of Agricultural Science should use Metacognition Approach to teach will expend student achievement.
Keywords: Metacognition Approach, Agricultural Science, Achievement, Students, skills
EFFECTS OF PROCESSING ON THE FUNCTIONAL, MINERAL AND SENSORY PROPERTIES OF LOCAL SNACKS (CASSAVA CHIPS) PRODUCED FROM CASSAVA-BAMBARA GROUND-NUT BLEND
NDALIMAN, M.B, SADIQ, U.M, DEWO A.A, MOHAMMED, A, ABDULKADIR, A.N, SHEHU, H KABARAINI, M.A
Department of Nutrition Dietetics, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida. Department of Tourism Management Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida. Food Technology and Value Addition, National Cereal Research Institute, Badeggi. Beniseed Research Program, National Cereal Research Institute, Badeggi
Local Snacks (Cassava chips) developed from cassava and Bambara groundnut flour blend were analyzed and evaluated. The objective was to evaluate functional, mineral and sensory properties of the products. From the results, it was indicated that the results of Functional Properties of local snacks revealed that, the bulk density was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample E (5.00±0.07 mg/100g). Also, water absorption capacity was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample E (5.92±0.14 mg/100g). Similarly, Oil absorption capacity was highest in Sample D and E (10.03±0.04mg/100g). Swelling capacity was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample A (22.40±0.64 mg/100g). The results of mineral composition of local snacks indicated that, the sodium content was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample D (10.45±0.19 mg/100g). Also, potassium content was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample C (9.90±0.21 mg/100). Similarly, Calcium content was highest in Sample C (13.40±0.07mg/100g). Phosphorus content was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample D (8.74±0.19 mg/100g). Magnesium content was statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample C (10.68±0.04 mg/100g). Similarly, Sample C showed the highest iron content of (11.81±0.04 mg/100g). Also zinc content of (10.66±0.49 mg/100g) was statistically higher in Sample C (5.66 ±0.049mg/100g). The results of Sensory Evaluation of local snacks revealed that, the Taste was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample A (7.66±1.11). Also, appearance was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample B (8.53±0.14 mg/100). Similarly, Aroma was highest in Sample C (8.80±0.07mg/100g). Color was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample D (8.73±0.19 mg/100g). Also, texture was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample D (8.73±0.14 mg/100). Similarly, Aroma was highest in Sample C (8.80±0.07mg/100g). General Acceptability was found to be statistically (p<0.05) higher in Sample A (7.83±0.19 mg/100g).In conclusion, Local snacks can be produced from Cassava/Bambara Ground-nut blend using cooking method.
Keywords: Snacks, Cassava Chips, Bambara ground-nut Processing, Sensory Properties
PERCEIVED CAUSES OF FARMER-HERDER CONFLICT ON LIVELIHOOD PATTERN OF ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN ARDO-KOLA AND LAU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
1IBRAHIM, D.G., 2SABO, E., 3BASHIR, M.B AND 4USMAN, I
1Federal Science and Technical College PMB 1023 Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Taraba State University, Jalingo,. Nigeria. 3National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 3Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal university Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria
The study investigated perceived causes of farmer-herder conflict on livelihood pattern of arable crop farmers in Ardo-Kola and Lau Local Government of Taraba State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examines the perceived causes of farmer-herder conflict, identify the livelihood changes adopted by the arable crop farmers in meeting their basic needs due to the conflicts; and identify the constraints faced by the arable crop farmers due to changes in their livelihood activities. Multi stage sampling procedure was used to select 150 arable crop farmers for the study. Result reveals that, Competition for land resources and water resources population growth ( were identify as major perceived causes of farmers –herders conflict. Result further reveal that backyard crop cultivation and smaller scale of production were ranked 1st with a mean scores of were the perceived causes of farmer-herders clashes while insecurity and lack of fund ( = 1.9) and inadequate input supply ( = 0.85) were among the major of constraints affecting farmers livelihoods. It is therefore recommended that, Stakeholders should embark on massive orientation and re-orientation of farmer-herders on the measures and consequences of conflicts.
Keywords: Perceived Causes, Farmer-Herder Conflict, Arable Crop Farmers
EFFECT OF NUTRIENT SOURCES AND VARIETY ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH) IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
MOHAMMED, K.G1, SABO, M.U2., FAGAM, A.S2. AND SHUAIBU, Y.M2.
1Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. 2Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Abubakar Tafawa University, Bauchi.
A field experiment was conducted at the Bauchi State College of Agriculture Research Farm during the 2018 and 2019 rainy seasons, to study the effect of nutrient sources and variety on the growth and yield of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). The treatments consisted of five nutrient sources (Poultry manure, Cow dung, Mineral Fertilizer, Chicken Feather, Municipal waste) a Control and two sorghum varieties namely, CSR-01 and SK-5912. These were factorially combined to give 12 treatments and laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and replicated three times. Data was collected at bi-weekly interval on plant height, number of leaves, leaf area, stem girth, days to 50% flowering and days to physiological maturity. Others are panicle length, number of spike/panicle, 1000 grain weight and grain yield. All data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was used to separate the means. The result of the experiment revealed a significant difference among the treatments used throughout the study period. The result further indicated that, poultry manure proved to be significantly better than the other nutrient sources used in all the characters observed and all the nutrient sources were better than the control. Varieties on the other hand, except grain yield where no significant difference was observed, CRS-01 was found to be statistically better than SK 5912 in all the characters observed. Based on the result of this study, it is recommended that farmers should adopt the use of poultry manure or chicken feather at the rate of 2t/ha or mineral fertilizer at the rate of 60 kg N, 30 kg P & K/ha. It is also recommended that CSR-01 variety should be grown for higher yield. Further studies are recommended with other varieties and higher rates of nutrient sources to explore more inference on sorghum.
Keywords: Effect, Nutrient, Growth, Yield, Sorghum.