TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 5 (2) MAY, 2021 EDITIONS. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
IMPACTS OF ECOTOURISM MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN OVIA SOUTH WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, EDO STATE, NIGERIA
ILIYASU M. ANZAKU2 ALKALI MOHAMMED1, & O.O ADEMOLA3
1Department of Science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 2&3Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
The study is aimed identifying the prospects, strengths and weakness of ecotourism as a tool for sustainable development in Edo State. A case study approach using qualitative methods was carried out to collect data through semi structured interviews, observations and use of questionnaires as well review of some relevant literature. The findings of this research illustrated that ecotourism has impacted to local livelihoods and other environmental, economic, social and cultural factors in both positive and negative ways. It was observed that ecotourism is becoming a promising programme in the host community as well as surrounding communities. Excitement of local people is major supporting factor for the ecotourism development leading toward village development. Ecotourism is apparently performing well in term of education of the local people abouth their surrounding environment. Nevertheless, there are many problems that have not been solved, such as accessibility, optimization of the marketi1W tools, and lack of human resources. This research also revealed that the stakeholders involved in the ecotourism project are able to offer a variety of strategies for resolving problems that have arisen along the way. Results from this study identified some main points and issues that need to be addressed in order to maintain and enhance ecotourism in Okomu National Park, these include the promotion of economic and political empowerment of the local population, the development of strict external and internal regulations, the adoption of a community-based ecotourism approach among others. Further recommendations and strategic counter measures of sustainable development through ecotourism have also been put forward, followed by additional recommendations for further studies.
Keywords: Ecotourism, Management, Sustainable, Development, Park
OIL THEFT, ILLEGAL REFINERIES AND THE FIRST EIGHTEEN
C.O. OKWELUM, PhD
Delta State University of Science and Technology, Ozoro
The emergence of a parallel economy in the Niger Delta of Nigeria built around oil theft and illegal refineries has already been acknowledged by all stakeholders in the industry. The influence of the said informal economy on the Nigerian State has also been considered as far reaching. This paper adopts the doctrinal method and argues that the growing unemployment of youths of the delta and their lucrative engagement in the rogue economy pose major hurdles to the fight against oil theft and illegal refineries in the creeks. The sundry corrupt activities of both the Nigerian State and the multinational oil companies in creating the environment in which theft and illegal refining thrive can also not be under-emphasized. It advocates for new legislative frame work for oil theft and illegal refineries by canvassing for a review of the present stiff penalties to a more effective legal framework in combating the scourge of oil theft and illegal refineries in Nigeria to encourage the development of the local technology behind oil theft and illegal refineries.
Keywords: oil theft, illegal refineries, informal economy, pipeline vandalism, legal framework
OPTIMAL RAW MATERIALS MIX THROUGH LINEAR PROGRAMMING IN TEHINNAH CAKES AND CRAFT
EGHAREVBA, AIMUAMWOSA JULIA1 & OJEKUDO NATHANIEL AKPOFURE (PhD)2
1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt Rivers States, Nigeria. 2Department of Computer Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt Rivers States, Nigeria.
This study investigated the optimal raw materials mix through linear programming in Tehinnah Cakes and Crafts. This research utilizes linear programming technique to distribute raw materials to the different variables (Scones, Jam roll, Massil balls and Spanish tarts) in Tehinnah Cakes and Crates for profit maximization. The data was analyzed with Mat-Lab software using simplex algorithm which shows that 52.7026 units of Scones, 0.00 units of Jam roll, 19.3437 units of Masil balls and 21.6636 units of Spanish tarts can be manufactured to have a maximum profit of ₦8,550.80k. Hence, from the analysis, it was seen that more of Scones followed by Spanish tart and Massil ball should be produced for profit maximization.
KEYWORDS: Optimal raw materials, Simplex method algorithm, Optimum result, Maximization and Linear programming model.
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF MARGINAL LAND ENCROACHMENT ON THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF SULEJA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
IBRAHIM A1. AND PROF. I.M JARO2
1,2 Centre for Disaster Risk Management and Development Studies. Geography Department, ABU Zaria-Nigeria
There is a link between recent marginal land policies and targets, increased demand for crop expansion, and adverse land use changes hereafter referred to as ‘marginal-driven land use change. The large-scale problems of unprecedented population growth and inappropriate development are degrading the land, water, and atmosphere, and progressively extinguishing a broad array of the Earth’s organisms and the habitats they inhabit. By downplaying these problems or putting them aside in favor of what seem to be more imperative personal, group, or national priorities, we are courting global disaster. This study is geared towards analysis of the spatial transformation of marginal land in Suleja area and its environmental implication. Primary source of data was obtained from questionnaire administration and field observations about landuse in the area. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was used to ascertain the environmental effect (land cover) of encroachment on marginal land. Data from the research was processed using image processing to obtain the desired output using Erdas Imagine 9.2. Change in the land use types was determined through: (i) Calculation of the Area in hectares of the resulting land use/land cover types for each study year and subsequently comparing the results(ii) Overlay/change detection Operations and (iii) Accuracy assessment. Findings revealed that there is no marginal land identified in Maje except in Suleja. Bareland experienced 16.8% decrease, water body experienced 93.0% decrease, and vegetation experienced 38.0% decrease. While, built-up area experienced 37.3% increase. which implies encroachment of development into marginal land. The identified effects of building on marginal land are: Erosion with 87.5% and 93.5% in Suleja and Maje respectively, Flooding recorded 58.35% and 71.0% in Suleja and Maje respectively, and air pollution. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made among others; development control which is an instrument for overall environment quality control should be effectively applied by Niger State Urban Development Board (NUDB) to eliminate the dangers of development on marginal land and ensure their sustainability.
Keywords: Marginal lands, Landuse, Landcover, Physical environment, Encroachment
SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPS) AS WELL AS THEIR PROBLEMS AND COPING STRATEGIES IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
ABBA BABAKURA MOHAMMED
Desert Research, Monitoring and Control Centre, Yobe state University, Damaturu
The internally displaced person’s challenges have assumed a global scale and attention. However, it is misleading to conclude that the current challenges of internally displaced persons are fully known to the populace, especially at the grassroots level. This paper examined the Socio Economic and Demographic characteristic of internally displaced persons as well as their problems and coping strategies from spatial perspective in Borno state. The study collected data using both the primary and secondary source of data, primary data was obtained from IDP camp. The primary data was collected using questionnaire, (FGD) and Key Informant Interviews (KII) the questionnaires were administered to heads of households in the selected camps. FGDs were held with men and women groups while KIIs were held with relevant stakeholders in the camps selected. Findings reveal that majority of IDPs in Maiduguri were farmers before displacement but were forced to leave their farmlands to become unemployed after they became displaced. Majority of the respondents do not have coping strategies therefore they are either unemployed or engaged on unskilled labor.
Keywords: Internally Displaced Persons, Demographic characteristics, Problems, Socio economic, Coping Strategies,
SOCIAL MEDIA INFLUENCERS AND THE ATTITUDE OF YOUTHS TOWARDS INSTAGRAM FASHION PRODUCTS ADVERTISEMENTS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA
JOHNSON BABAFEMI AKINTAYO & OLUWAKEMI DAMILOLA ADEBAYO
Department of Mass Communication Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
Youths are not just active users of social media, but tend to emulate much of what they see on it. The high rate at which fashion entrepreneurs use social media influencers to advertise their product has influence majority of youths into indecent dressing all in a bid to emulate these celebrity models thereby eroding societal values. This study therefore examined celebrity social media influencers and the attitude of youths towards Instagram fashion products advertisements in Lagos state, Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research approach in administering 383 copies of a structured and validated questionnaire to youths in University of Lagos, Caleb University and Lagos state University. Data gathered were analyzed through descriptive statistical tools of frequency, percentages distribution and mean, while hypotheses were tested using linear regression. Findings revealed a significant influence of fashion product advertisement (F (2, 267) = 69.741, R2 = .342, p<.05) on the attitude of youths towards fashion, and a significant influence of fashion advertisements on Instagram (F(2, 268) =176.919, P<0.05) on youths’ purchase intention of fashion products, with fashion product advertisements accounting for 51.6% (Adj.R2 =0.516) of the variation in the purchase intention of youths in the study. It was therefore concluded that youths in the study demonstrated a high level knowledge and a positive disposition towards fashion products advertised on Instagram, which culminated to a high intention to patronize or purchase advertised fashion products.
Keywords: Fashion product, Instagram, Advertising, Celebrity Influencer, Attitude, knowledge, purchase intention.
WOMEN’S SENTIMENT TOWARDS COMPARISON ADVERTISING: A CASE OF ARIEL AND SUNLIGHT DETERGENTS
BELLO, BABATUNDE SIKIRU1; GATA, ELIZABETH2; NWOKENKWO, BEN OLUBUNMI3; OZIMEDE, ELIZABETH I.4
1&3Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida. 2&4Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bida.
The recent surge of comparison advertising has raised a controversy about the effectiveness of such ads. This research work is on women’s sentiment towards comparison advertising with focus on Ariel and Sunlight detergent brands. The research adopts survey research design, with the primary data sourced from structured questionnaires administered to selected Ariel and Sunlight detergents users, secondary data were sourced from textbooks and other relevant publications. 60 users (30 each for the detergents) were selected as the sample using stratified method of sampling. Hypotheses were formulated for the study while SPSS was used to analyze and interpreted the data. Findings revealed that women’s sentiment has great effect on comparison advertising and these sentiments usually affect their purchase decision of the products advertised. It is concluded that comparative advertising draws comparisons among manufacturers’ competing brands and the use of comparative advertising is increasing in today’s marketplace. The study recommends among others that business owners should be conscious of the content of their product advertisement and any message that will subject the product being advertised to negative criticism should be avoided to prevent such product brand from being negatively perceived by women.
Keywords: Women; Sentiment; Comparison advertising; Detergents
COVID-19 LOCKDOWN REGULATIONS: MOVING NIGERIA’S ENTREPRENEURIAL HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES FROM REACTIVE TO PROACTIVE
RAHMAN O MUSTAPHA PhD
Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, College of Humanities and Management Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, PMB 1370, Ilorin
Never in the history of Nigeria has human capital development strategies (HCDS) of many entrepreneurial businesses witnessed such a massive digital transformation. Indeed, COVID-19 pandemic and its hurriedly packaged regulations heralded the prominence of HCDS that center mainly on the mastery of virtual platforms in execution of daily tasks. Hitherto, this status was presumably considered the exclusive preserve of the developed world. This study examined and subsequently established the imports of this inherent transition of Nigeria’s entrepreneurial HCDS from reactive to proactive as it were. Content analysis of data from reviewed previously published articles was employed with the aid of desk research as approach for studying the secondary sources. Findings showed that COVID-19 lockdown regulations forced Nigerian entrepreneurial businesses to embrace execution of daily tasks through virtual interface. Also discovered was the fact that, like their counterparts in the developed world, practically, all small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria were taken unawares by COVID-19 Lockdown, leaving in its wake, swift clinching to emergency developments and deployments of staff members to handle and execute tasks online. It concluded that the newly adopted HCDS were reactive strategies to COVID-19 lockdown regulations in Nigeria. Finally, the study recommended that entrepreneurial businesses in Nigeria should jettison their reactive HCDS for the proactive ones to enable them, among others, cushion the effects of business externalities that threaten survival and sustainability; and chart a new pathway for new business start-ups to blossom into maturity in today’s COVID-19 invested business world.
Keywords: COVID-19; SMEs; Human Capital Development Strategies; Reactive Strategy; Proactive Strategy
HOW NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOLS SHOULD BE ORGANISED AND FUNCTION
AYOZIE, DANIEL OGECHUKWU (PhD)
Department of Business Administration, the Federal University, P.M.B 1174, Lokoja, Kogi State Nigeria
The graduates from the nation’s varsities of learning most especially the business schools graduates have been plagued by the inability to get jobs in corporate industries and companies in Nigeria. Many authors and researchers have related this problem to the quality of training received by these graduates while in school which is devoid of skills required to meet up with the demands of the business world. It is in seeking a solution to this problem that the author delved through literature to determine effective strategies for teaching business school students for corporate. The strategies proffered included: the integration of business ethics courses in the business education curriculum, training and retraining of business scholars for corporate, engaging students in work-based learning and the adoption of online learning in teaching of corporate. The authors believe that these strategies if judiciously adopted will to a great extent improve the quality of business schools graduates and improve their chances of being employed in corporate organizations in Nigeria.
Keywords: Business, Schools, Should, Organised, Function
PROFESSIONAL MANPOWER AVAILABILITY AND HEALTHCARE SERVICE DELIVERY IN FEDERAL HOSPITALS ABUJA, NIGERIA
ATSUA, JUDITH TERKUMBUR; EZINNWAYI MADUKOMA (Ph.D); & IKONNE, CHINYERE .N. (Ph.D)
Department of Information Resources Management. Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo. Ogun State.
The study examined professional manpower availability and healthcare service delivery in federal hospitals in FCT Abuja, Nigeria. The study employed survey research design. Total number of outpatient and healthcare personnel working in the National hospital and Federal Medical centre were chosen as the study population. Total enumeration sampling method was employed to include 356 general outpatient patients and 264 health workers in the selected federal hospitals. Data were collected using a well-structured questionnaire and analysed at 5% (P<0.05) level of significance. The study shows that qualification of personnel has a negative but insignificant effect on healthcare service delivery. Professional skills have positive but not significant effect on healthcare service delivery. Collaboration and team work posits a positive effect on healthcare service delivery. Lastly, professional manpower availability has a positive but insignificant effect on healthcare service delivery. The study concluded that Professional manpower availability has influence on healthcare service delivery in federal hospitals Abuja, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that the management in the federal hospital should deem it fit for sponsoring the health workers for training and development programmes to enhance their efficiency. Federal government should find lasting solutions to the problems of poor funding and movement of professional health workers particularly nurses/midwives to greener pastures.
Keywords: Healthcare service delivery, Professional manpower availability, Professional manpower, Healthcare service.
EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION STATUS AND ITS EFFECT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUE IN BIRNIN KEBBI, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA
*ABDULAZEEZ SHAKIRAT REMILEKUN; *ADEBAYO OLUWOLE OYEKANMI; *USMAN, BELLO SA’AD; & **OJO SAMUEL ADEBAYO
*Department of Estate Management & Valuation, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State. Nigeria. **Zonal advanced space technology application laboratory, Ebonyi State.
This study assessed environmental sanitation status and its effect on residential property value in Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria. The primary data collected included environmental sanitation attributes and annual rental values of properties in the different neighbourhoods in Birnin Kebbi. Methods of data analysis included, descriptive statistics to determine the environmental sanitation status index at all neighbourhoods and regression analysis to determine the effect of average environmental sanitation status on average property value at all neighbourhoods. Assessment of environmental sanitation status of each neighbourhood revealed that all neighbourhoods were rated to possess average or moderate environmental sanitation status. Assessment of property values revealed that property values measured as average rent differ across all five neighbourhoods sampled and as the environmental sanitation attributes improved, the rent in such neighbourhoods witnessed increases. The regression analysis provided evidence that statistical significant effect of environmental sanitation on residential property value in Birnin Kebbi is obvious since the regression analysis figure gives 0.767 and the significant rate is 0.573 while the R. Square is 0.587. This indicates that as the environmental sanitation in the Birnin Kebbi improves, it has a catalytic effect on the residential property value in a positive manner and vice versa. The study recommends that residents should be synthesized on the impotence of imbibing good hygiene culture in homes, proper use and maintenance of the available environmental sanitation facilities such as drainages in areas where they are deteriorating.
Keywords: Environmental Sanitation, Neighbourhood, Property Value, Residential Property, Status
AUDIT QUALITY ATTRIBUTES AND EARNINGS MANAGEMENT: MODERATING EFFECT OF AUDIT COMMITTEE ON LISTED MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN NIGERIA
ELKHOMUN DANIEL EHI, AYANWUYI JOHNSON & IRIABIJE EMMANUEL UAREME
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
This study examined the moderating effect of audit committee on the relationship between audit quality attributes and earnings management of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria over a period of five years (2016-2020).Audit quality attributes was proxied by auditor size, auditor independence, auditor tenure and auditor industry specialization, while earnings management was proxied by discretionary accruals obtained using performance matched discretionary accruals model by Kothari, Leone and Wasley (2005). The population consists of the thirty eight (38) listed manufacturing firms as at 31st December, 2020. A sample of twenty eight firms was used based on availability of data. Secondary source of data collection was used and the data were extracted from the annual reports and accounts of the firms. Multiple regression technique was used and Stata 13 was employed as the tool of data analysis. The findings revealed that auditor size, auditor independence, auditor tenure and auditor industry specialization has significant effects on earnings management of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria. The study recommended amongst others that, manufacturing firms should continue to engage the services of the Big4 auditors for continued earnings quality in a joint audit with the non-Big4 firm in order to avoid the Big4 monopoly. Also audit fee should be increased to guarantee the independence of the auditors in order to carry out their audit function without undue influence which may be detrimental to the quality of earnings, however, audit fees must be a function of balance sheet size and turnover.
ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON ACTIVITIES OF TIPPER TRAILERS BASED IN OYO TOWNSHIP
OLANIYI OLADIRAN PAUL; & OLADOKUN, TAJUDEEN ADEMOLA
Department of Geography, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. Oyo State.
The spread of the corona virus (Covid-19) is an unplanned crisis to the world economy. The confinement measures to limit the number of patients that need intensive care have put large parts of the global economy on pause for several weeks. Nigeria, like all the nations of the world, is navigating uncertain times. This incidence has brought about major economic and commercial effect being experienced locally. Therefore, this study investigated the likely local economic effects of the pandemic on tipper trailers operators based in Oyo town. Effect Size method of sample size determination for moderate precision was adopted. The main instrument used in this study for data collection is a self-directed open ended questionnaire. The major finding revealed that there was a drastic fall in number of trips embarked upon the sample population representing sixty percent (60.0%) fall in their operations directly reducing level of income. It was suggested that capacity to mobilize financial resources to pay for disease response and weather the economic shock of the outbreak should be put in place.
Keywords: Corona virus, Covid-19, Pandemic, Economic activities, Tipper trailers
COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND RELATED LOCKDOWN REGULATIONS: WHAT A CHALLENGE TO THE CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
NUHU MUKHTAR NUHU; MISBAHU SHEHU KAREFA; & ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI DAHIRU
Department of Social Sciences, Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso College of Advanced and Remedial Studies, Tudun-Wada Dankadai, Kano State
The novel coronavirus (COVID – 19) pandemic has put a big question mark to global education. The outbreak of Coronavirus redirected governmental relations to restrictions of movement of persons, closed down schools and other activities globally for the reason to protect lives and minimize the spreads of the disease. Despite the lockdown regulations, yet, global community is found in serious danger as the record of casualties and spread have continually increasing day-after-day as if no any measure was put to deter it. The lockdown give an impression that the world is moving to online activities. With very little warning, the whole approach to education through classroom teaching and learning became unviable, with little planned to replace it. Educational programmes on television and radio were quickly launched by many State governments in Nigeria, they were only accessible to those with access to a television or a radio set. Similarly, virtual learning was only accessible to those with internet access. The study employed a cross-sectional survey method and utilized both primary and secondary method of data collection. Data were collected and analyzed through the use of both quantitative and qualitative instruments. The study revealed that lack of proper planning and, specifically, a failure to consult education officers affect teaching and learning outcomes during lockdown. The study strongly recommends that governments and stakeholders in education should communicate with internet providers for reasonable pricing of their services to students and institutions of learning.
Keywords: Covid-19, Education, Lockdown Regulation, Virtual learning, Teaching
EFFECTS OF COVID – 19 LOCK DOWN ON ENTREPRENEURS’ IN RURAL AREAS OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA- A REVIEW
*IHEANACHO, C.U.; *ANANEME, J.C.; & **AGUNNANNE, U.T
*Department of Public Administration, Imo State Polytechnic Mbano Campus, Nigeria. **Department of Agricultural Extension Management, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.
The outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) in the world has negatively affected the African multisectorial pillars of the economy as well as entrepreneurs which is regarded as a backbone of Africa. The crisis from a multisectorial perspective includes revenue losses, poor harvest, famine and travel restrictions. The spread of COVID-19 globally has paralyzed every facet of the economy. It has proved beyond doubt that COVID-19 affected the whole world and the developing countries will heavily feel the shocks. The aim of this paper is to understand multisectorial effects of COVID-19 through the detailed assessment of the pandemic from the Nigerian perspective. The paper adopted an extensive literature review in order to address the academic gap. This paper further established that COVID-19 will have short to long term negative impacts on Nigerian and African economies respective.
Keywords: COVID-19; Multi-sectorial; Entrepreneurs; Socio-Economic; GDP
IMPACT OF DEVELOPMENTAL POLICIES ON THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN NIGERIA
*OBIAKOR UGOCHUKWU JUDE; & **OBIAKOR JULIET NGOZI
*Department of Business Administration, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra. **Department of Banking and Finance, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State.
There has been a growing concern on the role of fiscal policy on the output and input of manufacturing industry in Nigeria, despite the fact that the government had embarked on several policies aimed at improving the growth of Nigerian economy through the contribution of manufacturing industry to the economy and capacity utilization of the sector. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of fiscal policy on the manufacturing sector output in Nigeria. Empirical evidence from the developed and developing economies has shown that fiscal and monetary policies have the capacity to influence the entire economy if it is well managed. The results of the study indicate that government expenditure significantly affect manufacturing sector output based on the magnitude and the level of significance of the coefficient and p-value and there is along-run relationship between fiscal policy and manufacturing sector output. The implication of this finding is that if government did not increase public expenditure and its implementation, Nigerian manufacturing sector output will not generate a corresponding increase in the growth of Nigerian economy. It is the recommendation of researcher that the expansionary fiscal policies should been encouraged as they play vital role for the growth of the mantua or output in Nigeria; that fiscal policy should be given more priority attention to Manufacturing sector by, which will enhance aggregate spending in the economy; and government implementation will contribute to the increase performance of manufacturing sector.
Keywords: Manufacturing sector, government expenditure, government tax revenue, output, capacity utilization, error correction model, co-integration.
IMPACT OF MARKETING MIX PROMOTION STRATEGY AND SALES PERFORMANCE OF POULTRY PRODUCTS AMIDST COVID-19 LOCK DOWN PERIOD IN YOLA
*ZAILANI AHMED; & **MANDARA BINTA M
*Department of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education, Yola. **Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education, Yola
COVID-19 and the associated lock down have disrupted the economy of the world and created significant adverse impact on different sectors including the poultry production. The effect of the Pandemic has severe economic consequences across the globe, which has led to dramatic changes in how businesses act and consumers behave. This study therfore examines the impact of marketing mix promotion strategy on sales performance of poultry products amidst COVID-19 lock down regulations in Yola metropolis, Adamawa. Questionnaires were distributed to staff and owners of eight poultry farms in yola metropolis. Analysis was done using both discriptive and inferencial statistics. The results revealed that respondents strongly agreed to statements on items 1,2,4,8,9,10,11,12, and 13, while they strongly disagreed to statements on items 3,5,6,7 and 14. This implies that the cooefficient of after sales service (AFS) and price reduction (PR) are statistically significant and positively impacts sales performance of poultry fermers, while advertisement (ADVT) and personal sellings (PS) are statistically insignificant but has positive impacts on poultry production during COVID-19 lock down in Yola. R2 shows that all explanatory variable depicted 83% variability in the sales performance while Durbin Watsons statistics of 1.695 indicated freeness of the model from autocorrelation problem. The study therefore recommends The study therefore recommends that government should ensure that beurocratic procedures of security agents in clearing vehicles carrying consumable goods on rout be minimesed to ease delay in delivery of imputs (feeds & chicks).
Keywords: COVID-19 lock down, marketing mix, promotion strategy, sales performance, poultry production.
ACTIVATED BLOCUST BEANS WASTE ASH AND ALKALINE ACTIVATED RICE HUSK ASH AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT FOR CEMENT IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES
*ADEJOH BENJAMIN OCHOLA; *MICHAEL OLUMORIN; & **UMAR MUSA
*Department of Civil Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic **Department of Chemical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic
The suitability of activated locust beans waste ash and alkaline activated rice husk ash as cementious materials in partial replacement for cement in concrete was investigated in this study. The locust beans waste ash and activated rice husk ash were used as partial replacement of cement by percentage of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% in concrete cube samples. 60 number of grade 20 concrete cubes and 60 numbers of grade 25 concrete cubes were cast and cured for 7, 14, 21, and 28 days in accordance to BS1881: part 116: 1983. The water/cement ratio of 0.55 was used in this work. The locust beans was incinerated, sieved after incineration using sieve size of 150m and was later mixed with the activated rice husk ash in the laboratory at equal percentage. However despite the observed loss in compressive strengths of the concrete, it can still be used for various application requiring medium and low strength in accordance to concrete grade 5, a strength which is achieved with these replacement of locust beans waste ash and activated rice husk ash in concrete: such as non-load bearing concrete wall, sidewalks, road barrier, concrete block, kerbs. The study is aimed towards reducing the accumulation of locust beans waste and rice husks which constitute environmental nuisance through reuse so as to avert possible public health hazards. The amount of concrete produced worldwide for the applications listed above could ensure the viability of this findings.
Keywords: Locust beans waste ash, rice husk ash, Cementious material, Environmental health hazard, Compressive strength.
EFFECTS OF CORONAVIRUS (COVID 19) ON FOOD CROPS TRADERS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
*SHAMSUDDEEN S SAEED; *USMAN UMAR; & **FAROUQ U, SULAIMAN
*Department of Accounting, College of Business and Management Studies, School of Business and Financial Studies, Kaduna, Polytechnic. **Department Management Studies, College of Business and Management Studies, School of Business and Financial Studies, Kaduna, Polytechnic
This study tries to investigate the effect of coronavirus diseases (covid-19) on food crops traders in Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna state, Nigeria. The study used survey method, were data for the work obtained through questionnaire which administered on respondents on face-to-face basis by the researcher and retrieved on the spot so as to record high return rate. The study population consisted of both food crops traders in Kaduna metropolis and had spent 15 years selling crops. All persons that had not met these criteria were not included from participating in the study. The finding showed that respondents had knowledge about corvid-19 but the state government play politic on the issue of pandemic more than the disease itself and also refused to provide necessary material to the state citizen. The study recommended that government should put more effort on campaign awareness to educate the citizen on danger of the pandemic (covid-19) and stop playing politic on the issue of pandemic more than the disease itself. Governments, NCDC and every stakeholder should provide protective material to the citizen such as face marsk, sensitizers, hand gloves and operational structure for crops traders during and after coronavirus diseases
Keywords: Coronavirus, Food Crops Trader, Pandemic, Government.
IMPACT OF COVID-19 LOCKDOWN REGULATIONS ON POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT IN NIGER STATE: RE-EXAMINING REMOTE DATA COLLECTION IN POST LOCKDOWN ERA
MUHAMMAD GHAZZALI SAIDU
Department of Political Science, Federal College of Education, Zaria
Following the outbreak of the Coronavirus in the Wuhan city of China and its eventual spread to other countries and territories across the globe including Nigeria, efforts were made by the Nigerian government in particular, to ensure public safety and to check its spread within the country. Some of these safety measures include restriction of movements by enforcing curfews, enforcing physical distancing protocols, banning of public gatherings, closure of non-essential businesses and other public institutions, including schools; lockdowns were also enforced in some parts of the country especially where high incidences were recorded. All of these safety regulations impacted in no small measure on the conduct of Political Science research in Niger state particularly in the area of data collection. It is against this backdrop that this paper set out to investigate the perception of scholars and students of Political Science regarding the challenges associated with remote data collection in Political Science research in the post lockdown era in Niger state. The paper utilised both primary and secondary sources of data to generate requisite data for this study. Primary data for the work was through the administration of 100 questionnaires to conveniently sampled respondents comprising scholars and students of Political Science in Niger state, while secondary data was through documentary reviews. The study revealed that some of the challenges associated with remote data collection in Political Science research development include low response/feedback rates, high cost of data and call charges and weak network strength especially in the rural areas. The paper therefore recommended that remote data collection methods should be adopted in combination with some traditional methods of collecting primary data as best as practicable in order to partly address the challenge of low response/feedback rate as well as available power supply in the remote area and high standard of data collection techniques in the state.
Keywords: Lockdown, Remote data collection, Covid-19, Curfews, Political Science Research
SIMULATION OF CLOUD-BASED CRM MODEL
*SULAIMAN UMAR; **AHMADU MAIDORAWA; & ***KABIRU IBRAHIM MUSA (PhD)
*Department of Computer Science, School of Communication & Information Science, AD Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Department of Management and Information Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria. ***Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
Cloud based CRM is an approach to CRM that relies on cloud computing platforms and services to deliver a business with more flexible business process revolution. Cloud based CRM systems are nowadays seen as an influential IT solution for organizations. What inform the research is the fact that business environment, face aggressive competition and increasingly short product development cycles. As such, they are required to provide high-quality products and fast services. Therefore, there is need to have a system that is scalable and has the ability to handle a growing volume of work in a capable manner. The objective of this research, therefore, is to propose a Cloud-based Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Model that will be scalable to accommodate the ever-increasing computing demand without affecting the computing time. The study adopted experimental methodology using simulation technique to conduct the experiment with CloudSim simulation tool 3.0. The result revealed that in the cloud based CRM is faster than the traditional system in handling growing volume of workloads. The key contribution of this research is the incorporation of cloud scalability to the work of El Fazziki et al as well as simulating the model.
Keywords: Cloud-Based, Innovation, Capability, Simulation, Model