INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 14 (2) AUGUST, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
TAXATION AND FINANCING DECISION OF LISTED MANUFACTURING COMPANIES IN NIGERIA
AFOLABI ADEGBOYEGA R.1 PhD; OLUSANJO OLUROTIMI R.2 PhD; OWOLU AYOMIDE J.3
1Department of Accounting, Banking and Finance, Chrisland University, Abeokuta. 2Director, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. 3Chrisland University, Abeokuta
The strength of every business organization lies in the ability of the management to source the needed fund that will be utilized to achieve the corporate goals of the company. In doing this, it is also required that the company should adequately meet its tax obligations. In view of these facts, the study examined the effect of Taxation on Financing decisions of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The population of the study consist of forty one (41) listed companies on Nigerian Exchange Group out of which the sample size is ten (10) listed companies using random sampling method. The data for the study was collected from secondary source using the audited annual reports of the companies, and regression analysis was used as a technique for data analysis using E-view 9. The data span across ten (10) years from the period of 2012-2021. Findings from the study revealed that Companies Income tax has a negative significant effect on Financing Decisions a coefficient of -0.0652, t-statistics of 2.596 and p-value 0.0394 < 0.05. Education tax has a positive significant effect with Financing decisions of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria having t-statistic 3.0882 and p-value 0.0133 < 0.05. The overall result indicated that taxation has an F-statistics of 3.7936 with p-value 0.0091 hence we reject null hypothesis, therefore, the study concluded that taxation has significant effect on Financing Decision of Listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. It recommended that management of companies should work on their source of finance and utilize tax advantage available in such a manner that will enhance financing decision in the manufacturing sector.
Keywords: Taxation, Financing, Decision, Manufacturing, Companies.
ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS (ITS) ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
ADEPOJU OLUSEGUN ONIFADE1 AND KINGDOM BELLO 2
1Department of Transport and Logistics Management, Faculty of Arts, Management and Social Sciences, Nigerian Army University, P.M.B 1500 Biu, Borno State. 2Department of Transport Management Technology, School of Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State.
The objectives of this study were to assess the areas of contributions of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) in sustainable development of road transportation using some identified factors. Secondly, to evaluate the impacts of intelligent transports provisions on road users and infrastructures to achieve sustainable development. Both Primary and secondary data were used from the information gathered with 201 questionnaires out of 300 from road transport enforcement agencies with stratified sampling technique across geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Multiple Regression analytical techniques and descriptive statistics were used to analyse collected data. Results indicated that, the identified factors except Navigation and Pollution are areas where ITS contributions are not felt; all other factors were statistically significant with p<0.05. The ITS has reduced the number of carnage and fatal accidents with increasing rate of approximately 0.2% per annum. lastly, as the year increases; the un-roadworthy vehicle decreases in Nigeria. The researchers clamour for modalities by which ITS can be further enhanced in Nigeria by empowering transport institutions most importantly in practices and technology through building the infrastructures and acquiring requisite knowledge in ITS from developed country via human resources development.
Keywords: Intelligent Transport System (ITS), Sustainable, Development, Nigeria
EXAMINATION OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS TO ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT OF NIGER STATE
1ZAKARIYAH LUQMAN., AND 2PROF ADESHINA ABIDEEN OLOJEDE
1Department of Continuing Education and Community Development Faculty of Education and Arts, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State. 2Department of Continuing Education and Community Development Faculty of Education and Arts, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State
Despite several efforts by Federal and State Governments in Nigeria on the provision of various interventions aimed at poverty and under-development reduction through agencies like National Directorate of Employment, there has been no significant impact. sThese failures lead to some NGOs coming in the provision of entrepreneurial education which this study focused. The research was carried out in the three senatorial zones of the state. From a population of three thousand and six hundred (3,600), three hundred and forty-five respondents (345) were sampled from the senatorial zones including (15) member of the NGOs making three hundred and sixty sampled. Questionnaire and interview were used to collect data from the respondents. The responses of the respondents and members of the NGOs were analyzed separately using frequencies and percentages. The findings revealed that the NGOs contributed immensely to the entrepreneurial development of the area through provision of soft loan to starts business, provision of equipment like tailoring, machines, computers, barbing saloon instruments, and so on. It also revealed that the NGOs face some challenges in the area of adequate funding and monitoring. The study recommended that all hands must be on deck in the development of communities through government intervention, coordination and monitoring of activities of the NGOs. It is also important for NGOs to redesign modalities in the repayment of loans expended on people to pave way for opportunity for other would be beneficiaries.
Keywords: Non-Governmental, Organisations, Entrepreneurial, poverty, interventions, Employment.
ANALYSIS OF MONETARY POLICY RATE AND ITS EFFECT ON CAPITAL MARKET DEEPENING IN NIGERIA
DR BASHIR AHMAD DANEJI; & GBENGA FESTUS BABARINDE
Department of Banking and Finance, Modibbo Adama University, Yola, Nigeria
This study analyses the effect of monetary policy rate on capital market deepening in Nigeria over the period, 1981-2021, using Auto-regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) modelling technique. Findings therefrom reveal that monetary policy rate has negative significant effect on capital market deepening in Nigeria both in the short and long-runs. This implies that the higher the monetary policy rate, the lower the level of capital market deepening in Nigeria. Furthermore, cash reserve ratio and liquidity ratio were found to have positive significant correlation with capital market deepening unlike inflation rate, treasury bill and interest rate which have negative correlation with capital market deepening in Nigeria. The study concludes that monetary policy rate deteriorates capital market deepening both in the short and long-runs in Nigeria. It is therefore recommended that the monetary policy rate as a tool of monetary policy should be adjusted to promote capital market development in Nigeria.
Keywords: Monetary policy, monetary policy rate, capital market, financial deepening, Nigerian Stock Exchange.
SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS AND INTEREST IN BIOLOGY TOWARDS INPUTS TO AN ENHANCED STUDENT’S COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
Department of Science and Vocational Education Umaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina
This study investigated the science process skills and interest towards inputs to an enhanced students cognitive performance among secondary schools in Katsina zonal education quality assurance, the population of the study comprises of 1,903 1227 male and 676 female students, the purposive sampling technique was used to select two schools from coeducational schools two objectives reframed into two research questions and two null hypothesis were analyzed. The study adopted pretest posttest non randomized quasi experimental design using two intact classes of 97 students for the experimental group and 85 students for control group two instruments science process skills and biology interest questionnaire with reliability of (r=0.736) were used to collect data the research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance using independent t-test. The result of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean science process skills and interest, there is no significance difference in the mean science process skills, and interest scores of male and female students, it was therefore concluded that science process skills and interest have significant effect on student’s cognitive performance. It was recommended that teachers of biology should expose students to science process skills so as to improve student’s cognitive performance.
Keywords: Science Process Skills, Interest, Cognitive Performance.
EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AS A CORRELATE OF EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN HOSPITALITY ENTERPRISES IN OWERRI
1NJOKU, KENNETH CHUKWUDI, PhD; 2DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU; & 3SALAMATU, IBRAHIM
1Department of Business Administration, University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (UAES), Umuagwo, Imo State. 2Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. 3Department of Public Policy Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State
There could be many ways to prevent employee defections while achieving employee retention in any given organization including hospitality firms. This study assesses employee recognition as a correlate of employee retention in hospitality enterprises in Owerri. The objectives of the study were to investigate the level of correlation between public recognition and employee retention; to examine the level of correlation between monetary recognition and employee retention; and to evaluate the level of correlation between promotional recognition and employee retention in hospitality enterprises in Owerri. The study was guided by three research objectives, three research questions and three hypotheses. The Ken-C theory of Social Honour was used to show the relevance of the study. Empirical reviews were also used to beef up the study. The researchers employed the survey research design in the research. A five-point Likert Scale structured questionnaire was the major instrument for data collection. The validity of the instrument was done by showing the questionnaire to research experts for their corrections and inputs. Cronbach Alpha statistic was used for obtaining 0.75 as the reliability ratio of the survey instrument. The study committed data analysis to descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation. Spearman’s Product Moment correlation analysis was employed in testing the hypotheses. It was found that there is a significant level of correlation between public recognition and employee retention; monetary recognition and employee retention; and promotional recognition and employee retention in hospitality enterprises in Owerri. It was concluded that employee recognition was a correlate of employee retention in hospitality enterprises in Owerri. The study recommended that managements of hospitality enterprises should increase the rate at which they accord employees public, monetary and promotional recognitions so as to always retain them.
Keywords: Employee recognition, Employee retention, Hospitality.
GLOBAL CONVERGENCE OF A HYBRID SMAR-AMRI CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD WITH DESCENT PROPERTIES
OLOWO S.E1, AMINU. A1, OLUJOSUN E.A2, ABDULMALIK. I3, BAFFA. M4,
1Department of Mathematics, Aliko Dangote University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Kano State. Nigeria. 2Department of Computer science and Statistics, Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Hotoro, Kano State, Nigeria. 3 Department of Computer science and Statistics, Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Hotoro, Kano State, Nigeria. 4 Department of Computer science and Statistics, Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Hotoro, Kano State, Nigeria
In this paper, we propose a new conjugate gradient method for solving nonlinear unconstrained optimization. The new method consists a new hybrid form from SMAR and AMRI which search direction has its parameter of Polak and Ribiere (PRP). The proposed method is satisfying the descent condition, sufficient descent condition under exact line search and conjugacy condition. By using several test functions, numerical results show that the proposed method is most efficient compared to some of the existing methods. Most especially the AMRI and SMAR methods. MATLAB was deployed for computation.
KEYWORDS: Unconstrained optimization, Conjugate gradient method, Line search, Descent property, Global convergence.
MODELING E-PORTFOLIO TO FIT FOR PURPOSE IN CONSTRUCTION SKILLS DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF N-POWER BUILD PROGRAMME IN NIGERIA
KUROSHI, PETER A.1, AND IDRIS, ABUBAKAR, S2.
1Department of Building, Modibbo Adama University, Yola. 2Department of Building, Federal College of Education Technical, Gusau
This paper presents an innovative model for integrating an E-Portfolio System into the assessment of construction trades trainees in Nigeria, focusing specifically on the N-Power Build programme. The paper appraises the training, assessment, and certification process of the programme and proposes the adoption of an E-Portfolio System to overcome financial and personnel resource constraints commonly associated with large-scale capacity-building initiatives involving dispersed trainees. The integration of an E-Portfolio System holds immense potential to elevate the quality of capacity-building programmes, particularly in the context of construction trades. By leveraging modern technology and utilizing electronic portfolios, the assessment process can become more dynamic, flexible, and personalized to meet individual trainees’ needs. E-Portfolios offer a comprehensive and multi-dimensional representation of trainees’ practical skills, enabling a more accurate and holistic evaluation of their capabilities. One of the significant advantages of implementing E-Portfolios is the ability to remotely assess and monitor trainees in diverse locations, effectively addressing logistical challenges often encountered with traditional assessment methods. This digital approach facilitates continuous feedback and skill improvement, empowering trainees to reach their full potential and become a competent and skilled workforce for the construction industry in Nigeria. In conclusion, this paper advocates for the integration of an E-Portfolio System in the assessment of construction trades trainees in the N-Power Build programme. Embracing technology-driven assessment will not only enhance the programme’s impact on skills development but also contribute significantly to the nation’s infrastructural transformation, while concurrently addressing the pressing challenges of youth unemployment and restiveness in Nigeria.
Keywords: E-Portfolio, NPower, Construction Trades, CORBON, TVET, NSQF
EMERGING PANDEMIC RISK: HOW PREPARED ARE THE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN NIGERIA
DR BANJO, KUDIRAT ADEOLA; BAMGBOSE, OLALEKAN SADIQ; OGUNLAMI KAYODE OLAYIWOLA; & SAKA SHAFAU TOYIN
Department of Insurance and Actuarial Science, College of Applied Social Sciences, Lagos State University of Science and Technology (LASUSTECH), Nigeria
Experts and scholars in various fields, have written many articles and journal on preparedness towards emerging pandemic risk. Their ideas are usually focused on individuals’ actions during and after a pandemic. This study therefore, attempts to access responses from the insurance industry when question about its level of preparedness; which measurement as taking by the study to include—the level of getting parties involved, level of trust maintenance, reliance on re-insurance and financial reporting, towards an emerging risk. Questionnaires’ were administered to statutory actuaries, reinsurance offices and other relevant stakeholders. A least square regression was used to analyse and predict the level of preparedness. The result of the study reveals that the management teams of the insurance companies are adequately equipped with better management decision towards the handling of present or future risk. The study recommends an improved health care system, regulatory insurance body should take up the responsibility of preparing its members, life insurance companies should ensure continuity of business so as to minimize effect on policyholders and their beneficiaries. The study further recommend that government should improve on vaccine and antiviral drugs production.
Keywords: Risk, Pandemic, Life insurer, Reinsurer, Coronavirus, Emerging risk, Management.
THE EFFECT OF THE NAIRA REDESIGN ON BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN ABUJA
DANIEL DARE JOSEPH PHD; & UBI FLORENCE LINDSAY
Department of Business Administration, University of Abuja – Nigeria
This study examines the effect of the Naira redesign on the business environment in Abuja. Faced with the problem of money laundering, currency counterfeiting, kidnapping and ransom taking, as well as about 80% of money in circulation not being within the bank vaults, (currency hoarding). The study was guided by the following objectives; To Examine the effects of the currency redesigns on the business environment in Abuja, to ascertain whether there is any relationship between Naira redesign and improvement on business environment in Abuja. To investigate the problems that led to the redesigning of the Naira. The study used a quantitative research design, questionnaires as well as interviews were used in order to collect data. Primary and secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using frequency tables and simple percentage. The respondents under the study were 40 employees of four banks in Abuja. The findings revealed that there is a significant impact Naira redesign has on the business environment in Abuja. Using the above findings, it implied that there is a strong relationship between impact of Naira redesign and the business environment in Abuja. Key recommendations from the study are; Nigeria is not yet ready for a cashless economy. Hence, the CBN Should release cash especially in the hinterland and make it assessable to all citizens for proper circulation and economic growth. The law enforcement agencies should trace, track and bring to book anyone hoarding the Naira and penalize them accordingly. The Old and the newly designed notes should be allowed for use in circulation long enough to ameliorate the suffering of the general public. The bank management should make withdrawal easy and fast to avoid extortion by POS agents from customers. The CBN should also increase the withdrawal limit to ease the suffering of people.
Keywords: Effect, Naira, Redesign, Business, Environment.
AN APPRAISAL OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY AND ITS APPLICATION ON RUSSIAN/UKRAINE CRISIS
*ALIYU, TALA SAFIYANU; **MUHAMMAD, MUHAMMAD BATURE; & ***ABDULLAHI, YUSUF AGWAI
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nasarawa State – Nigeria. **Department of Political Science and Defence Studies, Nigeria Defence Academy, Kaduna – Nigeria. ***Department of Environmental Science and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State Nigeria.
While it is obvious that the cold war era was characterized by the interplay of power between two power blocs – the United States and the United Soviet Socialists Republic, the post-cold war era, which has seen the hegemony of the United States, is currently witnessing the gradual rise of Russia, and their relationship in the world today determines the level of global stability. This study examines the Russian/Ukraine crisis and contends that it is merely a symptom of a larger confrontation between two power blocs, the origins of which can only be understood by examining the cold war and post-cold war international security architecture. The study argued that collective security is a significant instrument for resolving not only the Russia/Ukraine crisis, it is an ideal mechanism to bring the two power blocs to roundtable discussion in order to achieve global security, thus the paper recommended a regular discussion to make efforts in preventing incidents that could escalate into war.
Keywords: Collective Security; Global Peace; Interstate War; Cold War; Proxy War
ECOWAS PROTOCOL ON TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
VIVIAN NWOSU; JACHO DAVID SUNDAY Ph.D; & RUTH CALEB Ph.D
Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nasarawa State – Nigeria.
Nigeria’s participation in the ECOWAS Trade Liberalisation Scheme so far has not substantially helped her to expand or grow industrially and become more competitive in global trade. The increased productivity in her manufacturing which was expected to act as a catalyst that will accelerate the pace of structural transformation and diversification of the economy through the export of products that are lacking in other countries have not yet materialised. Instead, Nigeria has become a dumping ground for all sorts of cheap and sometimes sub-standard foreign products causing more deindustrialisation in the economy. The study is an examination of ECOWAS protocol on trade liberalization and its impact on economic development in Nigeria. Neo-Liberal theory was employed. Information/data for the study were generated from both primary (interview) and secondary sources. The study found that unfortunately, ECOWAS protocol on trade liberalization has not been able to provide the needed opportunities for employment in Nigeria. Citizens of member states continue to suffer harassment and extortion at border posts owing to official collusion, prejudice, and corruption within relevant security agencies. These have discouraged inter-community business activities and severely limited trade in the sub-region. All these make the ECOWAS protocol on trade liberalization not to lead to poverty reduction in Nigeria. The study recommended that the ECOWAS commission should review the provisions of trade liberalization policies to meet up with the current economic needs of her member-states, it should be complimented by full implementation of ECOWAS Common External Tariff so that foreign investors/traders will be indifferent as to which of the ECOWAS Member State to trade with, and also support it with other trade facilitation policies that will lead to reduction in the trade cost and the number of days that will be required for preparing documents for export.
Keywords: ECOWAS Protocol, Trade Liberalization, Impact, Economic Development and Nigeria
USE OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES IN ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
*MUHAMMED USMAN; *AYUBA, USMAN KATAKO; **FATIMA JIYA; *MOHAMMED ABDULLAHI; ***ABUBAKAR, SANI TAKUTI; & ****SALIHU ABDULLAHI
*Department of Continuing Education and Community Development, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria. **Department of Adult and Non-formal Education, Niger State College of Education, Minna, Nigeria. ***Department of Educational Foundation, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria. ****Department of Adult and Non-Formal Education, Federal College of Education, (T), Asaba, Delta State.
This study focused on how sustainable development can be achieved through the use of community resources. The study made some clarification on the concept of sustainable development pointing out its goals. The paper further discussed the concept of community development alongside with the concept of community resources. The paper discussed community resources pointing out its position as a mean of achieving sustainable development goals in Nigeria. The study concludes that effective partnership with the people would equally assist to increase the possibility and potential for sustainability and create a more balanced and equitable participation where capacity building is competitive for harnessing community resources. Therefore, public awareness creation among community members on the importance of community resources is the key to achieving sustainable development goals.
Keywords: Achieving, Community, Resources, Sustainable Development Goals
ELECTRONIC TAX SYSTEM AND INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUE: MEDIATING EFFECT OF INTEGRATED PAYROLL AND PERSONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (IPPIS) IN NIGERIA
IRIABIJE EMMANUEL UAREME; & YUSUF OVA MUTALIB
Department of Accountancy, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This study examined the mediating effect of IPPIS on its relationship between electronic tax system and internally generated revenue in the Nigerian emerging economy, using North Eastern States board of internal revenue as the case in point. To achieve this objective, electronic tax registration, electronic filing of tax returns and electronic payment of tax was used as proxies for electronic tax system. This study was anchored on expediency theory of taxation and technology acceptance model. A quantitative cross-sectional survey data from the six North Eastern States board of internal revenue was formulated using the questionnaire for over 425 staff of state board of internal revenue service within the north eastern state. Findings from the study revealed positive and significant effect of that major variable examined, electronic tax registration and electronic filing of tax returns affect internally generated revenue among the North Eastern States through IPPIS and by extension, the Nigerian emerging economy. The time scope for this study was 6month. Therefore, the study concluded that IPPIS has a mediating effect on the relationship between electronic tax system and internally generated revenue in North eastern Nigeria. Finally, the study recommends that other geo-political in Nigeria should adopt the same approach when thinking about how best it’s internally revenue can be improved upon.
Keywords: Electronic tax system, internally revenue generation and Integrated Payroll and Personal Information System
BURDEN OF PROOF OF ADULTY CASES UNDER THE NIGERIAN LEGAL SYSYTEM
MUSLIM NASIRUDEEN ADE
The Oke Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria.
To prove adultery in Islamic legal system is actually a complex process. Adultery must be proved by the testimony of four eyewitnesses to the actual act of penetration, or a confession repeated four times and not retracted later. If someone saw them hugging or even lying on each other, naked but not penetrating, his testimony won’t be accepted (but can entail some disciplinary punishment). Also, the eyewitness must have a clean character record. Some legal school also allows an unmarried woman’s pregnancy to be used as evidence, but the punishment can be averted by a number of legal”semblances” (shubuhat), such as existence of an invalid marriage contract. Digital records (image or video) can also be used as evidence. If the accusation of adultery proven wrong, the accuser will be punished with 80 lashes.
Keywords: Adultery, lashes, testimony, penetrating, accusation, proof
LEARNERS RETENTION OF YORUBA LANGUAGE AND CULTURE CONCEPTS USING COMPUTER-BASED PACKAGE IN SELF-DIRECTED AND COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF OSUN STATE
OLAWOYIN SERIFAT JOKE (Ph.D)
C/O Prof. G.O Akinola, Department of Management & Accounting, Faculty of Administration, OAU, Ile-Ife
The study examined the effectiveness of computer-based learning package in improving students learning outcomes in Yoruba language and culture concepts when used in collaborative and self-directed environments in secondary schools of Osun state. It also investigated the effectiveness of the computer-based learning package in enhancing students retention of Yoruba language and culture concepts when used in both environments. The study adopted the pretest-posttest quasi experimental control group research design. Three schools were selected using purposive sampling technique based on availability of computers in the schools. The samples for the study were Senior Secondary School Two (SS2) students. Three classes were selected from the three senior secondary schools using random sampling technique. Forty students of one served as Experimental Group A (the collaborative group), another as Experimental Group B (the self-directed group), while the third (the control group) was taught using conventional method. One instrument was used for data collection. This was Yoruba Achievement Test (YAT) which measured the students’ performance and retention level. Data collected were analyzed using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the computer-based learning package was effective in improving students’ performance in Yoruba language and culture (F=24.2), p<0.05. The results also showed the package effectively enhanced students retention of concepts learnt when used in collaborative and self-directed learning environments (F=45.7), p<0.05. The study concluded that computer-based learning package improved students’ performance and enhanced their retention of concepts learnt in the two environments on Yoruba language and culture.
Keywords: Self-directed, Yoruba Language, Culture, Concepts, Computer-Based.
SHADOW BOARD: THE 21ST CENTURY LESSONS FOR NIGERIAN ORGANISATIONS
NURA ABUBAKAR 1, HAMZA ABDULLAHI 1 AND BELLO KASIM SANUSI 2
1Department of Business Administration and Management, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano State, Nigeria. 2Department of Marketing Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria
Part of the increasingly dynamic and complex business environment of this 21st Century is the fast changing demography of the contemporary human resources and customers/clients especially the Millennials and GenZers who are highly influenced by technology, the internet and social media; and who are also the majority. Thus, organisations need to act swiftly to attract and influence these youths at a matching pace and with befitting style for optimum mutual benefits. One of the best contemporary responses is the creation of a Shadow Board that assists the main board and the executives with up-to-date, wider, more effective and even radical perspectives and guidance towards general excellence. This study presents recent empirical facts about the shadow boards from around the globe and employs literature review and content analysis approach to unravel the useful lessons for other organisations. Among the findings are that, organisations such as Gucci, KPMG International, North Manchester General Hospital (NMGH), and AccorHotels that created the shadow boards have been getting excellent results; and that CAMA 2020, being the most relevant Nigerian law, provides for the formation of shadow boards. Also found is that there is no single best way to create a shadow board. Part of the recommendations is that organisations shall take into cognizance all the contemporary developments, comply with the extant laws and make informed decisions to select befitting shadow directors who will work with the executive directors to collectively have a Smart Board of Directors that will optimize value for all the stakeholders.
Keywords: Shadow Board, Shadow Director, 21st Century, Technology, Social Media, GenZers
SUSTAINING AND STRENGTHENING SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION AMIDST SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA
ALAWIYE OLUWATAYO M.; & AJAGBE ADESINA A.
Department of Educational Psychology, Osun State College of Education, Ila-Orangun
In the recent, there have been terrible and gruesome cases of security breaches and breakdown of law and order in the nation, resulting into countless loss of lives and property, such that raise searching questions on the ability and capacity of government at all levels to guarantee adequate protection of lives and property of the citizens. This dangerous security dimension in the nation has been impacting negatively on all sectors of the nation, especially in education. Thus, this paper focuses on sustaining and strengthening special needs education amidst security challenges in Nigeria. The paper vividly reviews the security situation in the country vis-a-vis special needs education. It clarifies the concept of special needs education and security in Nigerian context. In addition, the paper examines the effects of security breaches and threats on sustainable special needs education in the nation and attempts to proffer and discuss possible strategies aiming at sustaining and strengthening this unique type of education in Nigeria. The paper concludes by making some pragmatic suggestions which include the need for the government to be pro active in handling the security challenges bedeviling the nation so as to create conducive social milieu for special needs education to thrive in the nation. Besides, in order to guarantee provision and access to special needs education by the deserved children and adults, the government, apart from providing adequate facilities and personnel, has the onus of providing adequate security agents to guard the school environment and at the same time ensure the protection and preservation of both teachers and learners.
Keywords: Special needs education, security challenges, sustaining and strengthening, Nigeria
COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND FIRMS PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISE OPERATING NORTH-EAST, NIGERIA
*ALI DANJUMA IBRAHIM; **SHEHU UMAR SA’ID; *KATERI ZAHRADDEEN AHMADU; & ***ABDULLAHI BALA ALHAJI
*Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education Yola. **Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria. ***Department of Accounting, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic, Sokoto Nigeria
The purpose of this research is to examine the Effect of the covid-19 pandemic on the performance of small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs) operating in Nigeria. This study is essentially the result of primary data where a survey research design adopted. Data were collected using questionnaires administered to 278 SMEs across the country. The data were analyzed using descriptive and regression analysis by means of SPSS. The result of the study reveals that the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected the performance of Nigerian small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs). The study offers variables like lockdown, market closure, and restrictions of movement, as the major factors that affect the SME’s performance in Nigeria. The study will give intuition to the government, investors, and consultants in Nigeria and their international counterparts to develop advanced ways of trading in the event of pandemics. The study also has a scholarly contribution to the body of knowledge and existing literature. This paper is original and unique in its form and has value to Nigerian investors (SMEs). The article is also useful to all those who might cherish to admire its standing.
Keywords – Covid-19, pandemic, SMEs, Nigerian investors
ASSESSMENT OF INTERNET AS TOOL FOR COMMUNICATION EXTENSION BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA) AND FARMERS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE
OJO, TITILOYE OYEYINKA Ph.D
Department of Mass Communication, KolaDaisi University, Ibadan, Oyo State,
This study examined the assessment of internet as tool for communication extension with special interest in International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and farmers in Ibadan, Oyo State. It adopted Descriptive Survey and Structured Interview methods. Questionnaire and interview guide were employed as instruments for eliciting data from the respondents. The study was anchored on the Development Media Theory and Participatory Model of development. Simple random sampling and purposive techniques were used to draw 92 sample size from the universe population. Descriptive statistics was adopted for data analysis with the statistical tools of tables, frequencies and percentages. This study found out that the selected farmers and Agricultural Research Institute has functional internet facilities and also familiar with it for agricultural extension purposes. It revealed that there is high internet utilization in the agricultural extension. It indicated that the internet has improved Nigerian farmers productivity. This study identified challenges confronted by the selected Agricultural Research Institute and farmers such as lack of adequate funding, dearth of technical experts, problems of accessibility, lack of consistence training and infrastructural problems. It concluded that internet remains a viable tool for agricultural extension development globally. This study recommended that government should provide adequate fund for the internet installation and maintenance of Agricultural Research Institutes in Nigeria. Technically, government should employ internet experts who would be organising training at intervals for the nation’s Agricultural Extension Research Institutes and mechanized farmers. Finally, relevant facilities should be made available for the enhancement of internet use at various Agricultural Research Institutes.
Keywords: Assessment, Communication Extension, Agricultural Research Institutes, Farmers, Internet.
ROLE OF TRAIN TRANSPORT ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA A CASE STUDY OF ABUJA METRO-TRAIN SERVICES
*FIMBER STEPHEN AGBU **JANGNAP ABEL DAMARIS ***ELISHA ESTHER
*Department of Tourism Management Technology, School of Science and Technology, Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, PMB 109, Lafia, Nasarawa State Nigeria. **National Institution for Hospitality and Tourism, No. 6 Mike Ahkigbe Way Jabi Abuja Nigeria. ***Department of Tourism Management Technology, School of Science and Technology, Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, PMB 109, Lafia, Nasarawa State Nigeria
There is a close relationship between transport and tourism. Different transport modes have played different roles in the development of tourism that changes overtime. The research major objectives reviewed history and structure of Nigerian railway transport, analysed the attitudes and perceptions of passengers of Abuja metro services and identified problems of operations of the train transport. Data were collected using questionnaire and interview instruments. Data were analysed presented using the simple percentage and tables. The study findings revealed that Abuja metro train station operates in clean and safe environment for passengers and adequate safety and security measures both in the stations and trains provided. Also the study reveal that staff of the transport outfit Abuja metro train observe good personal hygiene, good behavior and ready to help passengers. However, the study equally revealed, the management of the train transport services are faced with the problem of location, which at the moment located at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport. Moreso, ticket price fairly acceptable, safety and security information displayed in station for passengers education, Comfort-ability of passenger in train were rated good, availability and time of train fleet acceptable, while complaints handling mechanism were rated fairly good. The study recommends, that management of Abuja Metro-Train Services to provide additional amenities to the current, also the federal government should as a matter urgency find on appropriate location for the metro-train head office. Management should get stakeholders involve the resolve head office location crisis and management should devote more attention to handling passenger’s complaints.
Keywords: Metro-train, perception, train facilities, tourism, rail transport.
LANGUAGE: PANACEA TO INSECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE 21ST CENTURY NIGERIA
*BALOGUN BOLA KAMAL; *DR. (MRS.) FEBISOLA OLOWOLAYEMO BRIGHT; & **AJAO AMOS ADEWALE
*School of Secondary Education (Languages), Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare **Department of Language and Communication, School of General Studies Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare
The spate of insecurity in Nigeria has risen to an unprecedented height in recent years. There have been daily reported cases of killings in different parts of the country; banditry attacks on lives and properties of innocent Nigerians, herdsmen and farmers’ clashes, high rate of kidnapping, violent activities of Boko Haram and ISWAP insurgency, unknown gunmen, armed robbery, election violence are all indices of insecurity in Nigeria. Innocent Nigerians can no longer go about their daily businesses without anxiety. Farmers have become slaves to Boko Haram and Islamic States of West Africa Province [ISWAP] and people can no longer travel on Nigerian roads without anticipating fear of the unknown. This paper therefore examines the concept of language, functions of language and how language can be used to propagate peace in Nigeria.
Keywords: Language, functions of language, security, and security challenges,
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF WATERSHEDS AND EARTH DAMS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT IN KANO STATE
USMAN UMAR BICHI1*; ADAMU TANKO OGAH2; JOSHUA IBRAHIM MAGAJI3 & SALISU IBRAHIM4
1Survey Department Kano State Ministry of Land and Physical Planning 2&3Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State 4Department of Geography, Kaduna State University, Kaduna
This study examines the locations and distribution pattern of watersheds and earth dams in Kano State. The data used for this study were satellite imagery, topographic map and administrative map were acquired from Antrium Geo Information Services and Kano State Bureau for Land Management. The geographic coordinates of Watersheds and Earth Dams were collected from the field using Promark 3 Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver for the location of Watersheds and Earth Dams using Overlay Operation in ArcGIS 10.8. Twenty-nine (29) watersheds and thirteen (13) earth dams were identified and analyzed. The findings reveal that Challawa watersheds and earth dam exhibit the largest area coverage, spanning 3652.24 square kilometers. On the other hand, Ruwan Kanya watershed and earth dam have the smallest area coverage, measuring only 22.31 square kilometers. The distribution of the watersheds shows a tendency towards the north-west and south-west regions of the state, indicating a specific geographical pattern. Conversely, the earth dams exhibit a cluster pattern of distribution across the state. These findings provide valuable insights into the spatial distribution and extent of watersheds and earth dams in Kano State, which can inform decision-making processes related to water resource management and infrastructure development. Therefore, the study recommends that as the Challawa watershed and earth dam have the highest area coverage, it is crucial to prioritize their conservation efforts by implementing measures to protect and conserve the water resources in these watersheds, such as promoting afforestation and soil conservation practices to prevent erosion and maintain water quality, efforts should be made to enhance the capacity and improve the ecological condition of Ruwan Kanya watershed and Conduct awareness campaigns and educational programs to educate the public about the importance of watershed and water resource management.
Keywords: Coverage, Distribution, Earth dams, Overlay, Watersheds
EVALUATION OF THE SAFE FACTOR INDICES OF SOME HEAVY METALS IN THE SOILS OF SAND FILTER BED OF DUTSIN-MA WATER TREATMENT PLANT
YARGAMJI, G.I. & ABUBAKAR, T.
Department of Chemistry, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
The safe factor indices and percentage variations of ten heavy metals were evaluated based on their levels in the sand filter bed of the Dutsin-ma water treatment plant. The heavy metal levels were determined using standard laboratory procedure and high Tech. AAS machine. The results obtained revealed that the safe factor indices for the heavy metals were Cd(1.19), Cr(0.45). Co(2.26), Cu(12.50), Fe(3.84), Pb(5.31), Mn(3.92), Hg(1.04), Ni(4.00) and Zn(0.38) with only Cr and Zn having values that were within good safety limit (Ai < 1), all other metals had values that exceeded the approved safety limits. Copper, Lead, Nickel, Manganese and Iron were observed to have Azuka index (Ai) values that were extra ordinarily far above the safety limit of their presence in the filter bed. For the percentage variations, the values obtained indicated that all the metal levels varied widely except for Ni (17.65%), Cd (20.00%) and Mn (27.42%). All others had %variations exceeding 50 percent each. Based on these results, it was concluded that there were high level heavy metals pollution activities emanating from natural geologic factors and from anthropogenic activities around the water sources that supplies the treatment plant. The high values for some of the metals calls for immediate heavy metal remediation especially in the filter bed and at the water reservoir to mitigate the heavy metal pollution of the water.
Keywords: Heavy metals, safe factor index, Pollution, %Variation, Sand filter, Water Treatment Plant.
INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHERS’ SELF EFFICACY IN TEACHING TRIGONOMETRY AND STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION IN LEARNING AND ACHIEVEMENT IN THE SUBJECT: FOCUS ON SENIOR SECONDARY TWO STUDENTS IN THE STATE OF TARABA
MUSA MOHAMMED BALASA
Department of Mathematics, College of Education, Zing
For more than two decades now, scholars in education have been intrigued by emerging and unfolding issues having to do with self-efficacy (especially of the teacher), students characteristics and performance. Scholars like Bandura (1982,2006), Muijs and Rejnolds (2001), Podell and Soodak (1995), Clay Son & Sheffet (2006), Nata (2001) have enriched the literature with excellent reports regarding these issues. This paper is yet another scholarly attempt at investigating the relationship between teachers’ self-efficacy in teaching trigonometry and students’ motivation in learning and achievement in the subject. A sample of 160 senior secondary two students across the state of Taraba was randomly taken and randomly assigned to control and treatment classrooms in the study. Two out of the six randomly chosen teachers (3 with high efficacy and 3 with low efficacy) were randomly assigned to handle teaching in the treatment and control of classrooms respectively. The teacher self-efficacy questionnaire (TSQ), the student motivation questionnaire (SMQ) and the trigonometry achievement test (TAT), validated by experts, and were used to collect data. The pearson’s product moments correlation coefficient (PPMC) method was used to analyze the collected data. Statistically significant correlations were spotted between teacher self-efficacy (TSE) and motivation, attitude, opinion and achievement of students. Recommendations were made based on the findings.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, trigonometry, motivation, teaching, learning, achievement.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INNOVATION AMONG POLYTECHNIC STUDENTS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
*TOPE IGE; **DANGANA KAYODE ABIODUN PhD; & ***OTAYOKHE ESTHER YEMI
*Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State. **Department of Procurement and Supply Chain Management, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. ***Department of Banking and Finance, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin
This study aims to assess the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial innovation among polytechnic students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study adopted a quantitative survey design and used a structured questionnaire to collect data from a population of 6,671 students participating in entrepreneurship programmes at the Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin and The Polytechnic, Igbo Owu. The study estimated a sample size of 364 using the Raosoft online sample size calculator. Data analysis was carried out using Pearson’s Correlation. The study found a significant positive correlation between access to entrepreneurial resources (AER), entrepreneurial mentorship (AEM), and entrepreneurial innovation (EI) among polytechnic students. The correlation coefficient between EI and AER was 0.586, indicating a moderate positive correlation, while the correlation coefficient between entrepreneurial innovation (EI) and access to entrepreneurship mentorship (AEM) was 0.721, indicating a strong positive correlation. These suggests that the higher the rate of students’ access to entrepreneurship resources and mentorship, the higher the level of their entrepreneurial innovation.It was concluded based on the findings that aaccess to entrepreneurial resources and mentorship are critical components of entrepreneurship education and that these components have a positive and significant correlation with entrepreneurial innovation among polytechnic mass communication students.It was therefore recommendedamong others that polytechnic management should ensure that entrepreneurship education programmes provide students with adequate resources and mentorship opportunities to enhance their entrepreneurial innovation.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurship Resources, Entrepreneurship Mentorship, Entrepreneurial Innovation
THEMATIC ANALYSIS ON THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS INCUBATION CENTERS ON SELECTED ENTERPRISES IN ADO-EKITI STATE
1DR. MAIGARI MUSA, 2EKECHUKWU BERNADINE N., 3ADEKUNLE BUNMI M. AND 4AJIBADE BOLANLE A.
1Entrepreneurship Development Centre, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State. 2Department of Office Technology Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State. 3Department of Office Technology and management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo Ondo state. 4Department of Business Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State
This study assessed the effect of technology business incubation programme on startups operation in Ekiti State. Data was collected through structured interview of ten incubates and thematic analysis was carried out using NVivo 10 software. Four major themes and subthemes emerged and they are enterprise creation, job creation, mentoring and advisory services. The study revealed that all the themes have a positive relationship with start-ups operation. Thus, enterprise creation, enterprise growth, and sustained business have direct effect on business incubation. The study concludes that business incubation is a good medium for nurturing entrepreneurs and SMEs in the country as they contribute to solving the tripartite societal need of job creation, poverty reduction and economic development. The study recommends that Government should intensify more effort on funding, recruit qualified personnel and modern technology needed to boost incubation activities in the country
KEYWORDS: Incubation, Incubates, Start-up, Job creation, Incubator Enterprise growth
CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION: A TOOL FOR ACHIEVING NATIONAL SECURITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*MOHAMMED DANJUMA ADO; **ABDULKADIR ADAMU AZARE; & ***ABDULSAMAD BOLAJI ALABEDE
*Department of General Studies, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **Department of History, School of Art and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. ***Department of Economics, School of Arts & Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare
Nigeria as a nation with over 250 ethnic groups, numerous regional and religious divisions is confronted with several security issues which are seen to be a threat to peace and national security in the country. Issues such as insecurity of life and property, drug abuse and trafficking, poverty and corruption, kidnapping, armed robbery and political assassination are the current threats to national security. The most recent at the moment is the campaign of terror by the extremist Jama’atul Ahlul Sunnah Lidda’awati Wal Jihad known as “Boko Haram’’. As a result of these problems, Nigeria is said to have been crawling rather than running to development. Based on this prevailing issues the researcher try to examine how the knowledge of citizenship education can be utilized as an instrument for solving national security challenges and achieving sustainable development goals in Nigeria and discuss the effective mechanism for efficient security management. The paper will therefore examine the concept of citizenship and citizenship education, the concept of sustainable development, the role of citizenship education in preparing the citizens to be patriotic and law abiding ones. Concept of security will also be discussed and the security challenges in Nigeria. Recommendations have been made.
Keywords: Citizenship education, Sustainable Development Goals, Security, National Security
PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES EVALUATION OF DELINOX REGIA SEED OIL FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
ADAMU J1, ABUBAKAR M.A2, DISINA U.M3, DAHEER A.A4
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Environmental concern and limited resources of petroleum oil has increased the demand of biodiesel. One way of reducing the biodiesel production costs is to use the less expensive feedstock containing fatty acids such as inedible oils, animal fats, waste food oil and by products of the refining vegetables oils. Oil was extracted from delinox regia seeds. The solvent extraction using n-hexane gave 56.67%. The specific gravity, free fatty acids (% FFA), viscosity, carbon residue and moisture content were found to be 0.92, 12.8, 13.98, 0.62 and 0.3 respectively. By these results the delinox regia seed oil has great potential for biodiesel production.
Keywords: Delinox regia, Biodiesel, Physiochemical properties, Bio oil, Transesterification.
SUSTAINABILIITY MARKETING ASSESSMENT AND ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: PARADIGM OF GOOD ADMINISTRATION
1OGAH AROME VICTOR (Ph.D); & 2IYAJI ELEOJO INEKWE
1Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti Ekiti state, Nigeria. 2Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State state, Nigeria
Electronic application in governance in Nigeria play vial role in easing transaction of various economic activities between the government and the society. This study focused on sustainability marketing assessment and electronic governance in Nigeria: Paradigm of good administration. Specifically, the study examined the effect of innovation and transparency as metric of sustainability marketing on electronic governance in Nigeria: The study adopted survey research design. Data used in this study were collected through primary source. The population of the study consist of academic staff in the Department of Marketing from two Federal Polytechnic across two geographical zones; Kogi state and Ekiti State in Nigeria. These respondents were used due to their background knowledge in Marketing. The study utilized convenience sampling technique to select sample of 32 respondents for the study. 5-point likert scale option of structured questionnaire was used in the study to obtain respondents response. Content validity was used to determine the validity of the instrument by giving to research experts who modified and made the necessary correction to measure the instrument. Simple linear regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses. Two hypotheses were tested in line with the objectives of the study and it was revealed that there was significant relationship between Innovation, transparency as metric of marketing ethics and electronic governance in Nigeria. The study suggested some recommendations as follows: Government agencies in Nigeria should imbibe sustainability marketing in order to encourage innovation that radiate good governance. Sustainability marketing should be embraced because it promotes transparency and good governance in Nigeria.
Keywords: Sustainability Marketing, Electronic Governance, Innovation, Transparency, Administration
RE-ENGINEERING ECONOMIC EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY IN A DIGITALISED WORLD
DAVID IREDIA OBAIZAMOMWAN
School of Arts and Social Sciences, FCT College of Education Zuba, Abuja
Economic education in Nigeria is faced with the problems of unprofessionally published text books, shortage of qualified economics teachers, non-utilization of (ICTs) materials, poor funding of research, faculty evaluation among others. To curb these challenges necessitated the need for re-engineering economic education for sustainable knowledge economy in a digitalised world. Knowledge in Economic education has become the most important factor for economic development in a digitalised world. Its knowledge has contributed greatly to the production of instrument that are of tremendous benefits to human nature. Economic education is indispensable in national development. For economics teachers to provide qualitative instruction to students they needs to be adequately resourceful, research oriented and involving learners in practical learning experience where they are expected to be creators and initiators of knowledge, values and attitudes for development of Nigeria society. Professional growth in economics education is available through retraining and exposure to current national and international information net works and development. On the basis of the analysis of economics learners, teachers curriculum and physics classroom, environment factors, as it relates to understanding economic education. The paper recommended that capacity building workshop in economic education, use of information communication Technologies (ICT) in economics teaching among others as method of re-engineering economic education for sustainable knowledge economy in a digitalised world.
Keyword: Economic, Education, Sustainable, Knowledge, Digitalised World