INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 13 (2) MAY, 2023
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
MALE AND FEMALE ADMINISTRATORS’ PERCEPTION OF THE IMPACT OF INSTITUTIONAL CONFLICT ON EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA, NIGERIA
*AHMAD, SHUAIBU ABDULLAH (PhD.); **IYALA, FELIX EMEKA (PhD.); & ***YUSUF SUZANA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State. **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. ***Department of Educational Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study investigated institutional conflict and effective management of Colleges of Education in FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. The study was guided by one objective, one research question and one null hypothesis. The research design used for this study was descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of all 32 administrators from two Colleges of Education in FCT, Abuja (COE Zuba (public) and Angel Crown COE Gidan-Daya (private) were all the 32 respondents are used as a sample size of the study. Questionnaire on Effective Administrators Management of Colleges of Education’(QEAMCOE) was used as an instrument for data collection which consisted of two sections. Section A was a bio-dada of the respondents that contained three items and section B contained 10 items that described statements on conflict and effective management. The instrument (QEAMCOE) was duly validated by two experts in (Measurement and evaluation in Nasarawa State University and Eduational Management Units) by checking for appropriateness of the items and clarity of expression, the logical consensus of the experts yielded 0.74 validity index. To determine the reliability of the internal consistencies of the instrument, pilot study was conducted and the result gave 0.75 reliability index using Cronbach Alpha. Cross-tabulation of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question and ANOVA and pair sample t-test were used to test the hypothesis at the confidence level of significance (0.05). The result reveals that there was a significant difference in the impact of institutional conflict on male and female administrator’s effective management in public and private Colleges of Education. The study recommended that there is a need for the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) to organise annual workshops and conferences for the administrators of Colleges of Education in order to enable them acquire the necessary skills and knowledge for proper consultation of students before making certain key decisions that affect them as such consultation may reduce the recalcitrant attitudes by staff and students against some school policies that sometimes lead to protest and prevent effective management of Colleges of Education.
Keywords: Institutional Conflict, Effective Management, Administrators, Public and Private Colleges of Education
THE EFFECTS ON INFLATION ON ECONOMY CHANGE: EXAMPLE OF NIGERIA
*UWADIAH JOHN OROBOH; & **DR. ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA
*Department of Accounting. Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State. **Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo State University, Uzairue
In an attempt to examine the effects of inflation on the growth prospects of the Nigerian economy, the research design adopted for this study is the causal/analytical research design. This establishes relationship between the dependent variable and independent variables i.e. real gross domestic product (GDP), inflation rate, interest rate, and exchange rate, money supply, and government consumption expenditures for the period 1980-2010. Our empirical result shows that exchange rate and money supply are positive determinant of inflation in Nigeria. Meaning increase in exchange rate and money supply will escalate the level of inflation. Our findings agree with that of other authors that have also examined the relationship that exist between these variables and inflation, we also find a positive relationship between money supply and inflation, while also observed a positive relationship to exist between exchange rate and inflation .Lastly, the result revealed that government expenditure is a negative determinant of inflation.
Keywords: Inflation, Economic, Government, Money, Exchange rate.
APPLICATION OF BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE IN MINIMIZING ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN OFFICE BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY OF U.S EMBASSY NIAMEY, NIGER REPUBLIC
HASSANE ADAMOU ABDOUL NASSER; AND ISAH A. D.
Department of Architecture, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
Energy remains the principal driving force for both economic and industrial developments of all nations of the world which has resulted in a rapid increase in the discussion regards building energy consumption which is largely influenced by the significant impacts these buildings have on the world’s energy resources and the physical environment. Bioclimatic design is a unique edifice design made suitable to the physical, socio-economic and cultural environment and takes into consideration the weather and environmental features of the building, promotes improved comfort and reduced energy consumption. Regions including US, UK, Hong Kong and China, conducted researches that points to the fact that office buildings and commercial buildings account for a large amount of energy consumed with office building consuming more energy compared to other building types. Niger Republic has one of the lowest consumptions of electricity in the world, with only 14.3% of Nigeriens having access to the grid and even those with a connection suffer from frequent brownouts and blackouts resulting in a great dependence on fossil fuel even with a great potential for renewable solar energy. This has created a need for a net zero energy system with its primary power source been solar power. The aim of this research is to evaluate bioclimatic principles application in office buildings to minimize energy used for lighting and cooling. To achieve the aim, bioclimatic principles that can minimize energy used in heating and cooling were also determined and finally application of these bioclimatic strategies in the case study were assessed. The qualitative research approach was used with case study carried out. The case study conducted was assessed based on Building orientation, building form, building envelope, sun shading, landscaping, energy efficiency, low emitting materials and thermal mass. It was discovered that building orientation, building envelope, sun shading, on-site renewable energy and materials used plays a significant role in minimizing energy used in office building as they have a direct link with the mesoclimate of Niamey. The research recommends a switch to renewable energy source as a primary energy source as well as properly orienting the office buildings so as to harness the solar heat gain from the sun. Heavy weight materials are good in maintaining heat gain and loss in building design as against light weight.
Keywords: Bioclimatic Principles, Energy Minimization, Renewable Energy Integration, Passive Design, Office Buildings, Energy Consumption
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF FLY ASH MODIFIED CONCRETE IN CHEMICALLY AGGRESSIVE ENVIRONMENTS
SESUGH TERLUMUN1, MC OKAH1, DAVID BROWN1 HABIBU ABUBKAR SANI1, BILAL IBRAHIM BADAMASI1
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Air Force Institute of technology, Kaduna 2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nigeria Nsukka
Fly ash is used in ready-mix concrete, mineral filler for asphalt roads, concrete blocks and pipes, bricks, and as structural fill for road construction. Concrete made with Fly Ash has better mechanical properties compare to that of normal portland cement, however, there is need to investigate some durability parameters, this work examines the resistance of fly ash concrete to sulphate attack. In this work concrete samples were made with normal concrete and another with Fly Ash modified concrete, both concrete were submerged in aggressive media at different durations and the compressive strength was checked. In this work, it was observed that fly ash modified concrete has better performance in chemically aggressive environment than ordinary Portland cement.
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN AUDITING
SAMUEL ABRAHAM ADEGBILE & ZAHRADDEEN ABBAS BELLO
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, P. M. B. 35, Mubi, Adamawa State.
The paper assessed the effectiveness of a computerized accounting system in auditing. At the time when manual system of accounting was fully in operation, collection of data, analysis, posting to relevant accounts books, interpretation and reporting of financial information procedures were burdensome and constituted to high degree of error which are enough to result into slow service delivery and sub-optimality of an organization goals and objectives. Though, the research work is a non-survey. The researchers conclude that computerization of an accounting system does not change the overall audit objective and the basic principles governing an audit. The objective of audit remains to report on the truth and fairness of the view presented by the entity’s financial statement. Besides, computerized accounting system helps auditor to change or modify audit procedures conventionally used under manual and mechanical accounting system to computerized based accounting system of making audit work easier for auditor whenever they are engaged in an audit assignment. Similarly, the researchers recommend that Auditors should ensure that they stick to basic principles and procedures when auditing in a computerized accounting environment. Also, Auditors should ensure they use more accounting packages applications to audit in order to make audit assignment easier at any time.
Keywords: Computerized Accounting System, Auditing, Internal Control Component, Automated Reporting Component and Enhance Technologies
NIGERIAN MUSIC ARTIST IDENTIFICATION USING STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENDENT CLASSIFIER
ODUMOSU A.A1*., SULE-ODU A.L2., FOLORUNSO S.O3.
1Department of Computer Science, Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria. 2Department of Information Communication Technology, Tai-Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria. 3Department of Mathematical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Music is the food of the mind which makes it very important in the livelihood of man. Identifying a music artist is also important for the listener which makes this research work significant to not only the music industry but the listeners too. While there are multiple applications/models that have been developed for music recognition/Identification, they are usually developed within a foreign context with limited details as to how they are implemented. In this research, work music was collected by ripping CDs and downloading them from the internet. The datasets are in .mp3 or .wav format. The research necessitates exclusively utilizing audio files categorized as music, specifically those that possess any one of the following four genre tags: Apala, Fuji, Highlife and Juju. The timbre features in the downloaded music which was later used for training the Stochastic Gradient Descendent Classifier (SGDC) model used in the research. After training the model, with an accuracy of 53%, the model performed beyond average which is good for multiclass data. Also, the explanation gotten from LIME after testing the model showed that the model trained well and identified the artist accurately with a minimal false rate which satisfies the aim and objectives of the study.
Keywords: Artist, Music, feature extraction, SGDC, Timbre.
THE CHALLENGES FACING THE REVENUE ALLOCATION ACCOUNTABILITY AND UTILIZATION IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF EDO STATE)
*UWADIAH JOHN OROBOH; & **DR. ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA
*Department of Accounting, Edo State University, Uzairue, Edo State. **Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo State University, Uzairue
The challenges facing the revenue allocation accountability and utilization in Nigeria. Revenue allocation has a very potential for conflicts especially between the rich and the poor in regions or states, in Nigeria. In fact it was ethnic conflict which largely explains the origin of centralization of fiscal powers in Nigeria today with central control over a wide range of policies the federal government is been able to effect a redistribution of income from the richer to the poorer states. The highly unitary tendencies are however being questioned since Nigeria has adopted a federal rather than a unitary system of government. Revenue allocation under a federal system of government creates complex problems. The complexity stems from the distinction nature of federalism as a form of government in which the legislative, executive and judicial functions or powers of the states are shared amongst the three tier of government. Data for the study are primary and secondary sources such as articles, textbooks, lecture notes, journals, newspapers and academic research projects. The data collected in the course of this study, the data here were based on formulated hypothesis in order to assist in solving the research problem. To achieve the objectives questionnaire was structured in an open-closed index format of 3 point liket scale “agreed, undecided and controversial issue among the units of government concerning revenue allocation to ascertain if revenue allocation formula is the problem behind revenue allocation in Nigeria and to determine whether ethnicity is associated with problem of revenue allocation in Nigeria. It was recommended that there is need to resolve the imbalance between assigned functions and tax powers of various tiers of government, this is because, the five principles currently applied in the horizontal revenue allocation formula are far from acceptable to all the stakeholders. There is usually a lack of correspondence between the spending responsibility and the tax power/revenue source assigned to difference levels of government federalism, fiscal federalism, revenue allocation, politics of revenue allocation, intergovernmental relations.
ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACED BY PROJECT MANAGERS IN ADOPTING SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
MAIRAMI, M. B; ABDU, B. A; & OLALEYE, Y. O
Department of Quantity Surveying, School of Environmental Design, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
The concept of sustainability has been a buzzword since its inception in the late 20th century. It requires action from several stakeholders (government, individuals and organizations). In recent times, project managers have been tasked to play a vital role in ensuring the concept is achieved on construction projects. This research was conducted to assess the challenges faced by project managers in ensuring sustainability principles are adopted on construction projects. Data was collected through a survey of project managers using a questionnaire administered randomly. Response rate was 84%. Findings from the research include the biggest challenge been conflicting priorities among project team members as well as lack of commitment to sustainable building requirements with the most occurring challenge is lack of project brief incorporating sustainability. The study recommends that project managers should endeavour to convince clients to incorporate sustainability principles when formulating the brief for the project. Project managers should also create an atmosphere where all project team members come together and unite towards achieving the common goal of achieving sustainability.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Sustainability, Sustainability Principles, Project Managers, Challenges.
THE IMPERATIVENESS OF ADOPTING STATISTICAL RECORDS IN THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC PLANNING OF NIGERIA TO ACHIEVE DEVELOPMENT: A CRITIQUE
*VEN. EGESI JONATHAN C.; *ANAEKE, GERALDINE CHINWE; *NWARU, CHRISTIANA CHINWE Ph.D; *AMAECHI J.N.; **KEKE KYRIAN .I.; & **OBI-IFEANYICHUKWU IHEBOM SHARON-EL
*Imo State Polytechnic, Omuma, Oru – East, Imo State. **(A.I.F.C.E)
Nigeria as a country has experienced huge blow and decline in development owing to series of problems and factors especially acting or working without objective records. That is simply to say that record keeping tradition in Nigeria has not been one that is worth commendable. As a country, we take actions or act in various sections of the country without documented evidence or statistical records. The question every right thinking person will ask is how will a country of Nigeria’s height and standard not have statistical records or documents that will guide her in policy formation and implementation but prefer to act any how she likes. This can be considered as a mere gamble, infact it is worse than a sacrilege. This study is an effort to call the attention of all that matter in the country to understand the need or imperativeness of statistical documentation and records in policy taking/making and implementations, since we intend to achieve a greater height in the development rug. Various data collection techniques as interviews, questionnaire, journals, and the internet were used to garner data for analysis. The development theory was used as theoretical framework thereafter, conclusion was drawn.
KEYWORDS: Imperativeness, statistical records, socio-economic – planning, Nigeria & Development.
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS ON THE PROVISION OF INFORMATION RESOURCES, UTILISATION AND SERVICES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARIES IN THE NORTH EASTERN STATES, NIGERIA
Library & and Information Science Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria.
This study appraised the challenges on the provision of information resources, utilization and services in federal polytechnic libraries in the North Eastern States-Nigeria. The study was guided by four (4) objectives and four (4) research questions. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study areas were Federal Polytechnics of North Eastern States, which involves Federal Polytechnic Bali, Bauchi, Damaturo, Kaltungo and Federal Polytechnic Mubi. The target population comprised 197 professional and paraprofessional librarians and 6807 library users, totaling 7704 respondents. Using purposive sampling technique and Yamane formular modified by Polonia (2013) for calculating sample size, the sample size for this study was four hundred (400) from the six polytechnics. The researcher used questionnaire for data collection. The data generated from the research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while, ANOVA was used to test the two null-hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study has established that the level of availability of information resources is inadequate; books were moderately accessible to the users and users were moderately satisfied with journals; text books and reference books and newspapers. The study further found that circulation service was provided excellently but other services were fairly provided in the libraries under study. Furthermore, the purpose for using information resources and services include writing assignment, conducting research, reading for test and examination, browse the internet/online resources. This study found inadequate information resources, inadequate infrastructural facilities, outdated information resources, difficulty in locating resources in the library, poor electricity supply, network fluctuation and inadequate library staff as challenges associated with the provision and utilization of information resources and services in Federal Polytechnic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria. Recommendations were made.
Keywords: Challenges, Information Resources, Utilization, Services, Polytechnics, Libraries, North East, Nigeria
PROLIFERATION OF PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND ITS EFFECTS ON EDUCATION IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
*DR. DODO, AMINU YAMU; **MR. GABRIEL KATIKPO; & ***MR. PETER KPANDOM YOHANNA
*Department of educational foundations, College of Education, Akwanga. **Department of Agricultural science education, college of education, Akwanga. ***Department of Technical education, College of education, Akwanga
In most countries of the world, the ownership of educational institutions at all schools’ levels either primary, secondary, or tertiary operate dual venture to ascribe monopoly. Hence, this study investigated proliferation of private secondary schools and its effects on education in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Two research questions and their corresponding null hypotheses guided the study. A correctional research design was adopted and the population of the study compressed of all civil and public servants in Nasarawa State. The sample for the study comprised of 400 civil and public servants in Nasarawa State Government who were randomly selected. A self- developed questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by experts which yielded 0.79 logical validity index and 0.82 reliability index. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while inferential statistics of One-Way ANOVA was used to test null hypotheses at 95% confidence level and the results revealed that there is a significant impact of proliferation of private secondary schools and its effects on education and students’ performance in public certificate examinations in Nasarawa State. It was also established that the proliferation of private secondary schools enhanced students’ performance in public certificate examination. The study recommended that Nasarawa State Ministry of Education in conjunction with the local government should enforce the rules and regulations governing the establishment of private schools in order to ensure quality education in the state among others.
Keywords: proliferation, private secondary schools, education, student performance
AFRICAN LITERATURE WRITTEN IN EUROPEAN LANGUAGES: THE PROBLEM OF NOMENCLATURE
*MANSUR MUHAMMAD MANSUR; *BABA MUSA YM; & **TUKUR LADAN
*General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department of Adult and Non Formal Education, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsinma, Katsina State
When the phrase “African Literature” is said or written, many things come to minds, at least for scholars of African literature and their students, because there is more to it–––African literature than meets the eye. The issues surrounding this literature are vast so much so that many questions are asked. Some of these questions are directly related to what is African literature? Who writers African literature? Is it literature written in the indigenous languages or foreign languages? Who is its critic? Is it literature in oral, written, vernacular, in pidgin or creole? Must it critics be foreigners or those dwelling in the midst of its writers? Must it have a complex plot structure, as in the case of prose, poetry or drama? And finally, must it be written having a concrete characters that appeal to what its critic thinks? Some of the these questions were asked, still are asked, and will always be the issues to worry about in the discourse of this literature. This work is intended to bring about those scholastic discussions on the nature of African literature and to make a case that it is in fact normal to have those issues raised by the scholars and argue that even the continent, Africa, is heterogeneous in nature and as such, it represents all the things that make up Africa what it is. This work is qualitative in nature and therefore does not require the use of the research tools in form of interview, questionnaire, and or assessment, but uses an in-depth study of the literature available on the topic to arrive at its premise.
Keywords: African literature, nomenclature, decolonization, local and foreign language
CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH VALUATION OF HOSPITAL PROPERTIES IN GOMBE STATE
PATRICIA TOYIN SAWYERR AND PHILOMINA MEMBER AKPAN
Department of Estate Management, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, NIGERIA.
To value various interests in land and landed property, various valuation models have been developed. Although the valuation basis may be the same, the methodology used to capture certain peculiarities and attributes of a particular property may differ. The study investigated the challenges of valuing specialized properties such as hospitals. Participants in the study include registered estate survey and valuer firms in Gombe. This study relied on both primary and secondary data sources. Based on this, the sample frame for this study was comprised of Estate firms; 19 Estate firms were sampled in total. The researcher used the Statistical Package for Social Science Students to analyze the data (SPSS). According to the study, estate surveyors and valuers used the replacement cost method in the valuation of private hospitals in Gombe, while 20% used the investment method. Information on land value trends should be published in a real estate gazette to keep estate surveyors and valuers up to date on land value trends. According to the study, plant, equipment, and furniture values should be published in a real estate gazette to alleviate the sufferings of estate surveyors and valuers and decrease valuation value gaps.
Keywords: specialized valuation, Hospital, valuation technique
INNOVATION AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF SELECTED SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN BIDA METROPOLIS OF NIGER STATE
*AYODELE, OLORUNTOBA CHURCHILL; **PROF. F.M. EPETIMEHIN; & **DR. O.A. EKUNDAYO
*Department of Business Administration and Management, School of Business Administration and Management, the Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State. **Department of Actuarial Science, College of Management Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji
This study examined the effect of innovation on the performance of SMEs in Bida of Niger State. The method employed in carrying out this study is descriptive survey method which involves collecting data from respondents through questionnaire administration. 355 questionnaires were administered in which 335 were duly filled and returned. Therefore, our sample size is 335. The 335returned questionnaires were used for analysis with the aid of statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS). Results demonstrate that there is a positive but insignificant relationship between product innovation and business performance; also that there is a positive significant relationship between Process innovation and business performance and finally revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between marketing innovation and business performance. In conclusion, innovation is an important factor in business performance. SMEs in Bida metropolis had embraced it with 96% of the respondent SMEs having at least one innovation. Research findings indicate that product; process, and marketing and innovation had a positive effect on business performance. Process and marketing innovation had a statistically significant effect on business performance, while product innovation had an insignificant effect. The study therefore recommended that owners/ managers of SMEs should develop and implement innovations in their firms to improve performance. SMEs owners/ managers should consider pursuing innovation strategy to improve business performance.
Keywords: Innovation, performance, small and medium enterprises, customer satisfaction, product quality, overall market performance.
RETIREMENT CHALLENGES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN TARABA STATE NIGERIA
School of Business and Management Technology, Department of accountancy, The polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.
The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the challenges faced by retirees in Taraba State. Nigeria. The methodology employed by the research work is secondary data and observation. The population of the study is the tertiary institution, retires and staff of pension commission in Taraba State. A total of 550 questionnaires were distributed of which 531 were returned representing 96.5%. Chi-square is the method of data analysis. After analyzing and testing of the hypotheses, the study documented that there are cause of non-reconciliation of contribution in RSA and transfer of employees affects administration of benefit of employees. The study recommends that: there should be adequate planning on the part of the government to make pencom more answerable to the employees and retirees to avoid unnecessary hardship faced by the employees and retirees and punitive measure should melted on the administrators who are corrupts to serve as deterrent to others and there should be training and retraining of staffs of the commission.
Keywords: Retirement, Challenges, administering, sustainable development
TECHNOLOGICAL ASSET AND BANK PERFORMANCE
ACHIOLE EMMANUEL AYOZIE
Department of Business Administration, College of Management Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State.
This study investigated the effect of technological assets on organizational performance using Zenith Bank Plc. and Access bank Plc. The specific objectives are to: determine the effect of investment in computer software (IT) on the profitability of banks and assess the effect of investment in internet banking on the profitability of banks. To achieve the stated objectives, the descriptive research design was used. A sample size of 170 was drawn from a population of 216 using the Taro Yamane Statistical formula. In analyzing the data, both descriptive statistics (percentage and table) and inferential statistics (regression analysis) was carried via SPSS. The findings from the study revealed that investment in computer software has positive and significant effect on the profitability of banks and that investment in internet banking has positive and significant effect on the profitability of banks. The study concluded that in Nigeria, the decision to be a new bank customer depends on the existence of an innovative assets like internet banking system and the number of ATMs in customer’s vicinity. Nigeria customers rely on ATMs and internet banking instead of visiting branches. The study recommended among others that in improving profitability via internet banking, banks should spread their ATMs in different locations to be easily accessible by customers. At the same time, banks should control their ATMs system to guarantee a high level of performance, speed, security and reliability of services
Keywords: Technological Assets, Computer Software, Internet Banking, Performance, Profitability.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE NUTRITIONAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF FRESH AND DRY BITTER LEAF (VERNONIA AMYGDALINA)
OKEKE, K. S1, BALA, J.D2 AND JOSEPH, G1
1Department of Biological Sciences, The Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State, Nigeria. 2Department of Microbiology, Federal University Minna, Niger State
Vernonia amygdalina is a common leaf used in Nigeria for the preparation of soups. The bitterness and the foaming properties of some of the bitter leaf species necessitate different means of processing but little consideration is given to it effect on the quality of the leaf. This study was conducted to determine the comparative study of nutritional, phytochemical and anti-microbial effect on fresh and dried bitter leaf. Proximate composition, micronutrient content, vitamin content, phytochemical and antimicrobial properties were carried out using standard procedures. Result obtained revealed there was significant differences (P< 0.05) between the means of the parameters analyzed. Sample A had the highest carbohydrate (78. 73%), and ash content (5. 88%) but sample B had highest moisture content (9.16%) crude fibre (2.72), and (6.49) for crude protein. samples B had the highest micro-nutrients value in terms of Ca, Mg, and Na while sample A had highest K (0.33g/100g) and phosphorous (27.10g/100g). There was no significant differences (P>0.05) between sample A and B in terms of K contents. The vitamin B2, B6 and B12 content of dried leaf and fresh bitter leaf ranged from 0.13 to 0.17, 1.35 to 1.44 and 0.68 to 0.89 respectively. Except for oxalate fresh bitter leaf had highest values of anti-nutrients (%) phytate, alkaloid, and saponins were 3.89, 1.72 and 24.15, while dried bitter leaf had highest anti-nutrient tannin (1.33%) and flavonoid (10.17%). The fresh bitter leaf aqueous extract had more effect on the various organisms with S. aureus having the highest sensitivity level. The various anti-nutrient properties of the bitter leaf could be responsible for this sensitivity.
KEYWORDS: Vernonia amygdalina, Processing methods, phytochemical properties, Nutritional parameters, Anti-microbial susceptibility
DIGITAL INNOVATION IN THE PRODUCTION OF AKWA-OCHA TRADITIONAL HAND-WOVEN TEXTILE AMONG THE ANIOMA IGBO OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
*CALISTA ODUCHUKWU NWOSU; **DR PIUS A. NTAGU; & ***PROF. CLIFFORD E. NWANNA
*Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal Polytechnic, Oko. **Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Faculty of Environmental sciences, Imo state University, Owerri. ***Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Faculty of Environmental sciences Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
The upsurge in the use of digital technology in nearly all aspects of human endeavour which textile production is among, has brought about scientific break away from manual method of production in a local setting to mass production in this era of technological advancement to meet up with global standards. Akwa-ocha, which is the type of traditional fabric produced by the Anioma Delta-Igbo of Nigeria has been an ancient traditional weaving culture passed on from one generation to another. Traditional Akwa-ocha textiles have a central function concerning usability and the idiosyncrasy of the Anioma people. The motifs and patterns on the textile reflect their world view, social reality, customs and traditions of the people since ancient times. Unfortunately, in Anioma, Delta Igbo of South-Eastern Nigeria, the art of textile production still use local method with many technical limitations which remain a constant threat to their age long traditional industry and could go into extinction if left in its original mode of operation. In view of this problem, this paper therefore focuses on preserving the weaving culture through innovation in the production technique. This study found digital drafting a necessity for improving the efficacy and usefulness of Akwa-ocha fabric production. The creative process links creativity and innovation with the purpose of producing something of value that can be traded, developed and commercially exploited. Book, journals and other relevant literatures were consulted in the course of this research. Findings revealed that digital drafting has the capacity to link Akwa-ocha production to global technology. The paper concludes that digital innovation is possible and will lead to automation of the weaving process. This will enhance productivity in the Akwa-ocha fabric production. Recommendations towards successful integration of digital innovation in the production of Akwa-ocha of the Anioma Delta Igbo were made.
Keywords: Digital, Drafting, Akwa-ocha, Motifs, Innovation.
AN ASSESSMENT OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN RIVER LANDZUN, BIDA-NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
1MUHAMMAD, MUSA, 1BIDA, SANI MOHAMMED, 1VULEGBO, ALIYU ADAMU, 1ALHAJI, MININ NDAYAHAYA AND 2MOHAMMAD, ABDUL-RAHMAN MUSLIM.
1Department of Civil Engineering, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida- Niger State. 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida- Niger State
Nonpoint Source (NPS) pollution has become an urgent environmental and livelihood issue. It is one of the most important causes of water quality deterioration. Pollution of water leads to the deterioration of water quality, threaten human health and damages the ecosystems. Pollution of water also causes serious economic losses. This research evaluated the non-point source pollution of Landzun River using water quality parameters by following the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. Water samples were collected from six sampling points along the Landzun River. Results shows that temperature varies from 26.9°C to 27.6°C, pH varies from 6.3 to 7.9, electrical conductivity varies from 20.1 μS/cm to 30.2 μS/cm, and total suspended solid varies from 48mg/L to 78mg/L. More so, the values for the total dissolved solid varies from 148mg/L to 187mg/L, phosphate ranges from 1.72mg/L to 2.20mg/L, chloride ranges from 65.5mg/L to 68.75mg/L, dissolved oxygen ranges from 10.05mg/L to 10.85mg/L, chemical oxygen demand ranges from 54.28mg/L to 75.10 mg/L, biochemical oxygen demand ranges from 12.07 mg/L to 15.12mg/L. Based on the findings, it was concluded that the Landzun River was polluted and should not be used for domestic purposes until the water is treated. The government needs to take proper steps to control the anthropological activities taking place in the watershed.
Keywords: Landzun River, Non-point source, Pollution, River, Sampling point
ORGANIZATIONAL READINESS AND ICT ADOPTION BEHAVIOR OF SMES HOTEL IN ZAMFARA STATE
1HASSAN ABDULSABUR; 2ADEDOKUN AKEEM, A.; 1SURAJO, SHEHU; 2MOHAMMED ALIYU, TSAFE & 1ABDULLAHI A DANLADI
1Department of Business Administration, The Federal polytechnic Kaura Namoda. 2Department of Marketing, The Federal polytechnic Kaura Namoda
The research work is centered on the Determinants of ICT Adoption Behavior of SMEs Hotel in Zamfara State, was carryout to determine the factors responsible for ICT adoption of SME hotels in Zamfara state. The study focuses on assessing the relationship between organizational culture and ICT adoption by SMEs hotels, the relationship between top level management support for ICT and ICT adoption by SMEs hotels and assess the relationship between technology innovative readiness and ICT adoption by SMEs hotels. The population under study is 62 respondents comprises of managers and receptionist in the registered hotels in Gusau, Zamfara state. The survey research adopted closed ended questionnaires, data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and hypothesis were tested using regression analysis. The research found that there is a significant relationship between organizational culture and ICT Adoption by SMEs hotels, there is a significant relationship between Top leveling management support for ICT and ICT Adoption of SMEs Hotels and there is a significant relationship between technological innovation and ICT Adoption of SMEs Hotels. It was recommended that SMEs hotels in Zamfara state ought to design a progressive policy that transform into flexible organizational culture that can accommodate environmental changes and that SMEs hotels management in Zamfara state should be dynamic and invest their trust and support for ICT adoption.
Keyword; ICT, Adoption, Organizational, Culture, Management.
EFFECT OF COCONUT SHELLASH ON THE CORROSOION BEHAVIOUR OF Al-Si-Fe/COCONUT SHELL ASH PARTICULATE COMPOSITES
AMINU O. YUSUF, EZIWHUO SECOND JUSTICE AND HAYATUDEEN A. IBRAHIM.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Evaluation of the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloy matrix/ coconut shell ash particulate (CSAp) reinforced composite in 3.5%NaCl medium has been carried out. The work started with the casting of the composite using double stir-cast method. This was followed by sample preparation, preparation of the sodium chloride solution, and then the setting up of the experiment. Gravimetric corrosion method was used for the corrosion analysis and the time of exposure was varied from 1-15days. Scanning electron microscope was used for the morphology of the as-cast and corrodes samples. The results revealed that microstructure of the unreinforced alloy do not show severe cracks, while the microstructure of the reinforced alloy showed some cracks. The corrosion rate of the samples increased with increasing the wt%CSAp in the alloy, the corrosion rate decreased as the time of exposure was increases from 1 to 15days. The corrosion rate show weight gain as the time exposure increased from 9-15days, this led to great reduction in the corrosion susceptibility, indicating that the Al-Si-Fe/CSAp particulate composites can be utilized satisfactorily in marine/salt water environments.
Keywords: corrosion, Aluminum alloy composite, Sodium chloride and Coconut shell ash
EFFECTS OF MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND BANDITRY IN NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA
*CLEMENT ODIRI OBAGBINOKO (PhD); **OTEGA OKINONO (PhD); AND ***AUSTIN ONUOHA
*Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Delta, Agbor, Delta State Nigeria. **Department of Sociology and Criminology, University of Delta, Agbor, Delta State Nigeria. ***Institute for Peace, Conflict and Development Studies, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Since the inception of the extant democratic dispensation, Nigeria has been engulfed with incessant and intractable crisis of insurgency and armed conflict particularly in North East Nigeria. Despite government initiatives to curb the rampaging insurgency, the problem of insecurity in Northern Nigeria has suddenly become hydra headed, with the insurgents expanding their scope of operation beyond north east and spreading to North West Nigeria. In the past few years, the problem has continued to spread to states in North Central Nigeria and North West Nigeria with Zamfara State as one of the worst hit. Interestingly, the crisis of insurgency has speedily metamorphosed into banditry and one of the measures taken by the government to tackle the menace was the deployment of the military. Thus, the paper assesses the implications and effectiveness of military involvement in curbing banditry in North West Nigeria. The paper also examines the implications of applying other alternative conflict resolution mechanism such as negotiation and mediation and finds that the military option remains a more effective and reliable alternative.
Keywords: Banditry, Anarcho-pacifism, Military intervention, North Western Nigeria, conflict management.