TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
VOL. 12 (2) FEBRUARY, 2023. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
TREND ANALYSIS OF ECONOMICS STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN NECO 2015-2022 IN NORTH-EAST GEOPOLITICAL ZONE OF NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABULLAHI GALLE; DR SABO EZEKIEL SALEH; & AKAWU GIDEON ABRAHAM
Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
Trend analysis is the widespread practice of collecting information and attempting to spot a pattern over time series, hence, the study investigated trend analysis of Economics students’ performance in NECO 2013-2022 in North-East Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria. Two research questions and its corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted Ex-post factor research design. The population of study consist of all 18,882 students in the public senior secondary schools Examination (SSCE/NECO) 2013-2022, and 2,443 students where used as a sample size for the study using multistage sampling techniques. Examination Records of Economics Students Performance (ERESP) was used as an instrument for data generation. The ERESP was valid and reliable which yielded 0.86 reliability indexes. Time series, percentage was used to answer the research questions while Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that the trend of students’ performance in SSCE/NECO Economics 2013- 2022 was stochastic with random walk and there is a significant difference in the percentages of males and females’ students’ performance that obtained credit (A1-C6), pass (D7 & E8) and fail (F9) in NECO Economics 2013-2022. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educational policy makers should employ more qualified Economics teachers, teachers should be encouraged by the school principals toward teaching learning Economics and teachers should be encouraged to allocate more time to the teaching learning of Economics in school time-table to enable full coverage of teaching syllabus.
Keywords: trend analysis, Economics, students’ performance, SSCE/NECO, North-East Geopolitical Zone.
APPLICATION OF QUALITY ASSURANCE STRATEGIES BY SCHOOL LEADERS TO ENHANCE GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA
*MARIA OWAN AFU (PhD); & **LOVE EFFIONG EBUK (PhD)
*Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. **Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
The study investigated the “Application of quality assurance strategies by the school leaders for enhancement of quality Guidance and Counseling Education in junior and senior secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. The researchers adopted survey research design. Two research questions were answered using mean statistics. The population of the study was twenty-four (24) principals and vice principals from senior secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. The sample of the study was twenty-four (24) principals and vice principal, sampled through purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire titled “Application of Quality Assurance Strategies by the School Leaders for Enhancement of Quality Guidance and Counseling Education (APASSLEGCE), was the instrument used for data collection. The instrument was validated by experts in the Departments of Educational Management and the Department of Guidance and Counseling, University of Abuja. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach alpha and was 0.73. The findings of the study revealed that: there were guidance and counselling services such as: information, vocational, evaluation and follow up services to check students’ academic ability in class assignment, continuous assessment and examination performance; choice vocation; general assessment on student performance; their ability, talents and skill acquisition etc, that the school leaders needed to apply quality assurance strategies to enhance. The findings of the study also proved that the schools’ leaders did not apply quality assurance strategies to enhance Guidance and Counselling Education in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. Based on the study findings the researchers recommended that the school leaders should designate the guidance and Counselling Services which are to be improved and enhance using appropriate quality assurance practices. Also, that they should endeavour to apply appropriate quality assurance practices to enhance quality assurance in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja.
Keywords: Application, Quality Assurance Strategies, School Leaders, Guidance and Counseling Education.
MODERATING EFFECT OF CO-WORKER SUPPORT IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRAINING EFFECTIVENESS AND EMPLOYEES’ JOB PERFORMANCE – A PILOT STUDY
IBRAHIM AHMED; AND MUKHTAR SHEHU ALIYU, PhD
Department of Business Administration and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management Sciences, Bayero University Kano.
This paper examines the moderating effect of co-worker support on the relationship between training effectiveness and employee performance in Gombe state university, Gombe-Nigeria. The pilot study was conducted to establish the validity and reliability of the research instrument. Subsequently, the instrument will be utilized in conducting research. Accordingly, the researcher sought the view of senior academicians especially professors currently working in the university on the subject matter under consideration to ensure clarity, understanding, and the ability of the questionnaire items to represent the context of the study. The paper utilized the sample of sixty (60) respondents, while a valid response of 100 percent was obtained. The study instrument was scrutinized by some research experts, and the face validity of the instruments was found to be appropriate for the study.
Keywords: Training, Effectiveness, Co-worker Support, Employees and Performance.
PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
AJI, SAMUEL OCHE
Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo.
This study will cover the opportunities and difficulties facing librarians and information professionals throughout the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Exploring this subject is crucial since 4IR has fundamentally altered how information is received and used by individuals. A librarian or LIS professional is described as having knowledge of resources in all of their forms as well as the ability to acquire, organize, and disseminate these materials. The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) is characterized by a greater degree of interconnection between humans, digital technology, and scientific technology (such as robots). Moreover, a time when technology is more frequently used by people to fulfill their daily tasks. Information in general has been transformed forever by 4IR. Because of this, information and LIS professionals need to reconsider their skills and offerings if they wish to remain relevant in this age. The key benefit of 4IR is that users can access internet materials whenever they want. This presents an opportunity for them to guarantee that they perform their function as sources of unfettered knowledge. However, their inability to acquire the necessary skills to be e-ready is their biggest obstacle as a result of 4IR. Another issue is the expanding digital divide, which prevents them from contributing to the provision of services and access to the less fortunate. Due to the fact that some clientele wouldn’t be able to access the internet services and resources. In conclusion, the study examined the potentials and difficulties that Information Professionals and Librarians face while engaging in 4IR.
SERVICE EXCELLENCE IMPACT ON USERS SATISFCATION AND WORKPLACE MOTIVATION
ALFAZAZI MOHAMMED OKUGYA1 MUHAMMAD UMBUNGALA DOUGLAS2
1Department of Estate Management, Baze University Abuja, Nigeria. 2Department of Building, Baze University Abuja, Nigeria.
FM has taking on a broader organizational strategic role, hence providing a viable strategy to integrate and coordinate resources to sustain service excellence is largely significant. The study aimed at assessing the impact of service excellence on user’s satisfaction with facilities and work motivation. A survey research was carried out through the use of questionnaire instrument. A total of three hundred and fifty (350) questionnaire were administered, and three hundred and four (304) were retrieved. The Stratified sampling technique was adopted for the study, while data obtained from the field were analyzed using smart PLS 3. The study found out that service excellence has the strongest effect on work motivation and on the other way has weak effect on satisfaction. The Study concluded that users are quite satisfied with the FM services in the hospital. The study recommends provision of quality FM services in the hospital, as from the findings higher level of satisfaction influences work motivation which in turn raise productivity at the workplace.
Keywords: Facilities management, Performance, Service Excellence, User’s Satisfaction, Work motivation.
SECURING THE SECURITY OF SECURED CREDIT TRANSACTIONS IN NIGERIA
DR OMODELE, ADEYEMI OYEDELE; & PROF. ’DEJI OLANREWAJU, PhD
School of Law and Security Studies, College of Postgraduate Studies, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria.
The need for credit facilities in order to bring about economic development in every society cannot be overemphasised. Credit spreads for secured debt are lower than for unsecured debt, especially when a firm’s credit quality deteriorated, the economy slowed, or average credit spreads widen. Yet investment-grade firms tend to be reluctant to issue secured debt at all times. The study therefore overviewed the concept of secured credit. Doctrinal method was used in data collection. The primary sources of data were the Collateral Registry Act 2017, the Credit Reporting Act 2017, Companies and Allied Matters Act 2020, Financial Act 2019, Financial Act 2020, Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act 2020; sources of secondary data were journal articles, published and unpublished work, seminar papers, newspapers, and internet. Data were content-analysed and presented thematically. Findings of the study revealed that the depositors’ funds were not properly secured. The deposit banks do compromise in following to the latter the required procedures in verifying the documents presented as security. The borrowers did think that money collected from the deposit banks are part of the national cake and need not be repaid. The study concluded that the need to ensure that depositors’ funds are secured is very important in order to make the economy a continuous exercise. The era of giving money to borrowers without proper security be jettisoned and whoever is found culpable about fraudulent act in terms of lending and borrowing money from financial institutions be let to face the wrought of the law.
Keywords: Secured credit, depositors’ funds, overview, enforcement, financial institutions.
ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF CHANGING INITIAL CONDITION OF BIOCHEMICAL-OXYGEN DEMAND(IC=2.3) AND DISSOLVED-OXYGEN(IC=4.0) IN THEIR INTERACTIONS ON DODO RIVER
1I.E. NWAFOR; 2R.E. AKPODEE
1Institutes of Geoscience and Environmental Management, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University. 2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University.
This challenging problem was tackled computationally using MATLAB ODE45 Runge-Kutta numerical scheme for a time interval of 0(5)360 in days. due to a slight change in the initial condition of DO(IC = 4.0) and BOD (IC = 2.3) portrays a threat to the aquatic environment as the grey areas indicate a depletion in the coordinates of the DO down the trend, based on the monotonic decrease in the relative abundance of the DO coordinate with a critical DOmc = 2.3685 against the actual DOc = 2.6357 at the 21st day and recovery at DOm = 2.4083 against actual recovery DO = 2.6677 on the 26th day of our experimental time before the control. In the same scenario, due to the slight modification of the initial condition, we observed a slight gain in the coordinate of the BOD with BOD0(IC = 2.3) on the base day and depleted to BODm = 1.2795 against the actual BOD = 1.5171 on the Sixth (6th) day. The BODm coordinates due to the modification, decreases drastically from BODm = 1.2795 on the sixth (6th) day to a converging (saturating) value of BODm=0 on the 361st day of our experimental time. The full results and discussion is presented in this work.
Keywords: Biochemical-Oxygen Demand, Dissolved Oxygen, Numerical Simulation, Biological Extinction, Model Parameters.
IMPACT OF BRIEXIT ON THE CONTEMPORARY EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND DIPLOMACY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
AYUBA OLANIYI JIBRIL & USMAN ADISA ISSA
Al-Hikmah University Ilorin, Nigeria
This study aims at examining the impact of Briexit on the contemporary educational policies and diplomacy for sustainable development in Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was employed for the study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 1200 educational administrators in Nigeria (i.e. 200 respondents were randomly selected from each of geo-political zones across Nigeria). The researchers’ design questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents. The data collected were analysed using the descriptive statistics and simple percentage. The reliability of the instrument was carried out with reliability index of 0.87. The findings of the study revealed that Briexit had positive impact on the contemporary educational policies for sustainable development in Nigeria. However, the study also revealed that Briexit had no impact on the international educational grants and scholarship for sustainable development in Nigeria. It was recommended that both Nigeria and British government should strengthen their diplomatic relationship to foster more and robust educational policies that would enhance sustainable development in Nigeria.
Keywords: Impact, Brexit, contemporary, educational policies, sustainable development, diplomacy.
EXISTENTIAL RISK PREDICTION MODELS FOR DIABETES MELLITUS
MOKO, ANASUODEI; & AMANNAH, CONSTANCE IZUCHUKWU
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
This paper reviewed, and analysed risk prediction models for variants of diabetes mellitus. The descriptive approach method was explored. It clearly described the various deep learning and machine learning risk prediction models. For diabetes mellitus classification and forecasting problems, Deep Neural Network Model algorithms have the highest score in terms of accuracy. The Deep Learning models outweighed machine learning models in terms of performance. There’s also the issue of other algorithms’ precision. It is recommended that when conducting a classification and risk prediction survey, researchers should consider using the algorithms that explicitly describe performance while paying close attention to their advantages and disadvantages, as well as their potential outcomes. It is possible to combine deep learning techniques and these algorithms to create ensemble models, which will improve prediction performance.
Keywords: Diabetes, Type 1, Type 2, Gestational, Deep Neural Network, Machine Learning
THE EMERGENCE OF TECH COMPANIES AND SUSTAINABLE LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN NIGERIA
*ENAKIRERU ERIC OMO (PhD) & **ABOTU GOODNEWS
*Department of Jurisprudence and International Law, College of Law, Western Delta University, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria. **Associate Lawyer, Eric Omo & Associates.
The Nigerian business space over the past decade has experienced explosion of Tech companies especially in Financial Technology and Educational Technology. In the financial technology services alone, there are more than 200 registered startups. With the drastic shift from industrial and information ages to digital age, the future is now tied to providing knowledge based solutions to practical problems in finance, education, medicine, commerce and other critical areas of human endeavour. Nigerian entrepreneurs are now seeking for various ways through the use of technology to solve human problems. The rise of Nigerian Tech Startups has led to several spontaneous adjustments in the corporate and business regulation sector in Nigeria, for instance on the 18th of May 2022, the federal government approved tax reliefs for tech startups in the country. This article examines corporate regulations binding on these Tech companies, regulatory compliance for tech startups, it also considers extant and proposed laws intending to regulate the activities of these companies in Nigeria. The article recommends the amendment of certain laws and enactment of more laws to regulate the activities of tech companies as this will enhance sustainable development of the sector to meet up with best competitive practices in developed economy and concludes that in a developing country like Nigeria there is the need for innovation, growth, development and the legislature must make laws to promote these concepts because as more Tech companies emerge it is imperative to create a legal environment where they can thrive in a sustainable global economy.
Keywords: Tech, Companies, Startups, Legislations.
ANTI-CORRUPTION, DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT: AN EXPLORATION OF BUHARI’S ADMINISTRATION
*DR. ADAMU MOHAMMED; **ABBAS ILIYASU WALI; & **AKILU MIKAILU
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State. **Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Katsina State.
This paper investigates Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Development; an Exploration of Buhari’s Administration. Corruption has eaten deep into the fabrics of the Nigerian society and no economy thrives in it. The question, therefore, is whether the fight against corruption and corrupt practices in Nigeria by President Buhari is a reality or mere rhetoric, a gimmick to deceive the populace again like his predecessors. And, what would be the impact of this war on the masses who have been impoverished by the political leaders through the act and science of corruption that made him, President Buhari to state that ”if Nigeria does not kill corruption, this number one enemy may eventually kill Nigeria.” The causes of corruption are from various institutional and political factors stemming from the flowed structure and monopoly of the economy by the federal government. Its effects on the nations socio-political and economic development are numerous and devastating. It has damaged the image of the country abroad to the extent that Nigeria is tagged as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. This has discouraged foreign investors and caused inflation and the depreciation of our currency. On a final note, the fight against corruption in Nigeria by the Buhari administration is being encouraging indeed; but it should be holistic and transparent, not targeting only a section of the country, a particular political party members and or his passive enemies if he wants Nigerians to believe and have faith in his war against corruption.
Keywords: Anti-corruption, Corruption, Democracy, development, Buhari Administration.
BENEFICIATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BARITE MINERAL ORE FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION
U OBIOHA; P.E. DIM; & J. OKAFOR.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
Barite ore was beneficiated using jigging and froth flotation techniques and then the beneficiated barite was also treated with sulphuric acid and NaOH separately. Chemical analysis indicated presence of major elements Ba, S, O and other minor elements. During the jigging operation grinded barite was placed in the jigging machine with constant water supply and both the overflow and underflow are collected, the concentrate from the jigging machine is passed into the froth machine, the collector, the frother and the depressant were added to the pulp after mixing in the froth machine the concentrates are collected and analyzed. The XRF characterization carried out on the raw sample shows the elemental composition of Ba is 47.231, S is 9.192, and O is 3.567, and after beneficiation Ba increased to 76.1639, S decreased 4.703, but after treatment with sulphuric acid there was a significant improvement of Ba to 89.5034 than when it was treated with NaOH 85.9736. FTIR analysis was also carried out on the barite samples to determine the functional groups present in barite. The specific was also calculated using a pycnometer, the specific gravity of the raw sample is evaluated as 3.521, after beneficiation process the specific gravity slightly increased to 3.704, after treating with base and acid separately, the specific gravity was calculated to be 3.906 and 4.102 respectively.
Keywords: Barite, Beneficiation, froth flotation, Jigging operation, XRF, Specific gravity.
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF ROAD PROVISION ON PROPERTY RETURNS.IN BOSSO ESTATE, MINNA, NIGERIA
*SULEIMAN YAKUBU; **AJAYI M.T.A; **ABASS SULE; & **RUKAIYYAT OGUNBAJO
*Department of Estate Management, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria. **Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
The paper assesses the effect on property investment returns, of public capital investment (budgetary expenditures) on road infrastructure in Bosso Estate, Minna (Nigeria) with the aim of establishing the degree of impact of public capital investment on property investment returns. The paper covers an important policy and practice issue regarding the impact of government spending on the real estate industry. The government is keen to know the areas of greater impact of its expenditures and the extent to which the benefits from the effect may go in enhancing or providing funds (through tax) for new road infrastructure provision or repair of existing ones as it faces funding challenges in providing new infrastructure or improving existing ones. The before-and-after case method is employed in the study to the increase in property values (rental and sales). The findings demonstrate that once budgetary expenditure (road reconstruction) occurred, property investment returns in the area increased. The findings serve as the foundation for the government’s decision to provide more funds for budgetary allocations and expenditures connected to the infrastructure for road provision. The findings also estimate the potential for capturing the rise in returns from real estate investments as a potential alternative funding source through property.
Keywords: Effect, budgetary expenditures, property, investment returns, road.
THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION ON STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF BAUCHI STATE-NIGERIA
DR JACOB ITSE DABO; & DR YUNUSA ABUBAKAR
Bauchi State University, Gadau, Faculty of Education, Department of Science Education
This study was designed to examine the Role of Motivation on Staff Productivity in Selected Secondary Schools in Toro Local Government of Bauchi State. Related literatures that have direct bearing with the study were reviewed. The survey research method was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised both teaching and non-teaching staffs in the selected secondary schools in Toro Local Government Area of Bauchi state. The total numbers of 90 staffs were randomly selected from 6 selected secondary schools of the study area. After collection of the distributed questionnaires, the responses were tailed to each of the questions. Simple percentage (%) was used in analyzing the data collected which were based on Yes or No responses. The findings indicated that motivational factors such as good salaries, conducive working environment, remunerations, reward, incentives just to mention but a few which aids productivity are lacking in schools. Therefore, the study recommends among others that staff salary package be reviewed and conducive working environment be provided so as to increase high productivity among staffs in schools.
Keywords: Role, Motivation, Productivity, Staff and Working Environment.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF RURAL LAND TRANSACTION PATTERN IN DAMATURU, YOBE STATE
TELA GORGOR; ADEGBENGA ADEYEMI; IROAGANCHI NNEOMA VIOLET; & SULEIMAN MUHAMMAD ALIYU
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, P.M.B 0248, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The study focused on economic activities of rural land transaction pattern in yobe state and relevant literature was reviewed, where primary and secondary data were collected. A five point Likert scale was used to weight the respondent’s opinions on the research question such as what are the economic activities of rural land transaction pattern in the study area. A total of 395 farmers were sampled, using stratified sampling techniques. Though 361 questionnaires were returned for analysis, these were analysed using mean and standard deviation. The result indicated that letting and rent, direct land sale, and pledge are the most highly economic activities of rural land transaction pattern in the study area. This was revealed from mean scores of 3.89, 3.68 and 3.14 respectively. Similarly, with regard to nature of governance on rural land transactions, the study shows that plot allocation to party members, relatives and proxy, respondents incurred cost in accessing information on rural land transaction and impartial court are having the highest mean scores of 3.24, 3.18 and 3.07 respectively. The study recommended that government should strengthen its anticorruption agencies and making regular land supervision and government should ensure effective rural land zoning to regulate the right of farmland ownership so as to increase the profitability of farming and stability farmland prices while local communities is required to organize vibrant cooperative society and ease access of government and non-government rural land transaction policies and programs.
Keywords: Economics activities, Land transaction, Pattern, Rural, Plot allocation.
ACADEMIC LEADERS APPLICATION OF STRATEGIC PLAN FOR INSTITUTIONAL SUSTAINABILITY: A STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABUJA, ABUJA NIGERIA
HAUWA MOHAMMED; & LOVE EFFIONG EBUK
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
The paper focused on academic leaders applying strategic plan for institutional sustainability in the University of Abuja, Abuja Nigeria. Two research questions were set to guide the study. The researchers used survey research design for the study. The population of the study was 16 deans and sub-deans from eight (8) faculties in the University of Abuja. The sample was sixteen (16) deans and sub-deans who were sampled by purposive sampling technique. The reliability of the study was carried out by giving two (2) respondents the instrument to respond. Test-re-test method of reliability was used to obtain data for analysis for internal consistency. The reliability index of 0.71 was obtained through Cronbach alpha statistics, Mean statistics was used to analyse the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that academic leaders do not have the knowledge of strategic plan to sustain the institution/university and that they did not apply the strategies of strategic plan for institution’s sustainability. Based on the findings of the study the researchers recommended that the management of the university should organize seminars for academic leaders to have in depth knowledge on strategic plan and its application to achieve institution sustainability. Also that academic leaders should apply strategic plan strategies to sustain the institution in the face of the government not wanting to sponsor the university financially.
Keywords: Academic Leaders, Application, Strategic plan, Institutions, and Sustainability
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: REFLECTIONS ON FASOLA RURAL AREA OF OYO STATE
1SIYANBOLA, A.B, 2ADEYINKA, E. O. & 1SIYANBOLA, S.O.
1Department of Architectural Technology, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic Saki, Oyo State Nigeria. 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic Saki, Oyo State Nigeria.
The state of rural infrastructural development in Nigeria has overtime impacted profoundly on all sectors of the national economy. Development initiatives in the sector began rather too late in the history of development in the country through the Second National Development Plan period (1970-1974). This marked the beginning of national and academic agitation for rural infrastructural development for accelerated national development and growth in the country. Realizing the gap between rural-urban sectors, successive governments in the country began to put various programmes in place to meet both the national and international goals of human and capital developments. As a result, this study is carried out to x-ray the position of the rural infrastructure in Fasola of Oyo West Local Government area of Oyo State with a view to proffering sustainable strategies for rural development and integration in the country. This paper therefore, highlights working strategies that are capable of accelerating infrastructural development in the rural areas of Nigeria.
Keywords: Rural area, Infrastructure, Sustainable Development and Nigeria
IMPROVING THE SERVICES AND FACILITIES OF BAUCHI STATE MUSEUM FOR SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM IN THE NORTH EAST NIGERIA
*DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU; & **UKONU IJEOMA CHINYERE
*Department of Tourism Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Bauchi State. **Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi state
Bauchi state is a state with much tourism potentials. Nigeria as a nation is rich in tourism and /or national ancient treasures. This paper tries to examine how to improve the services and facilities of Bauchi state museum for sustainability. The study was conducted to identify the existing challenges facing the museum. Conceptual definitions of museum were made. An observation and a check list method was used to find out missing facilities that were actually needed in the museum that would have been a source of attraction to tourists and visitors visiting the state. This research recommends that achieving a sustainable museum requires the supervisions of professional body such as the tourism board whose mandate is to identity, take decision, develop, protect and preserve the arts and crafts for now and for future use.
Keywords: Museum, Facilities, Tourism, Preserve, Bauchi.
IMPROVING QUALITY ASSURANCE IN OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME THROUGH SUSTAINALE FUNDING IN POLYTECHNICS
ELEMURE CLEMENT BOLUWAJI; & YETUNDE MORONKE OMOTOSO
Department of Office Technology and Management, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
This study examined quality of Office Technology and Management programme and funding in Polytechnics in South West States, Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to find out if there is any relationship between funding and quality of Office Technology and Management programme (OTM) as it is currently offered in Polytechnics in South West, Nigeria. Two research questions and one hypothesis were raised to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for this study. A sample of 80 academic staff and 205 graduating students were used for the study from the total population of 80 OTM academic staff and 427 HND graduating students in the department of OTM in six polytechnics in South Western States, Nigeria. The research instrument was a 4-point scale likert-type questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that there was significant relationship between funding and quality of OTM programme (r-value = 0.315, p < 0.05. The study concluded that funding plays an important role in the quality of OTM programme in polytechnics in South West, Nigeria. The study recommended that government and institutions should revisit the equipment and facilities position of the respective training institutions by providing adequate fund needed for the programme.
Keywords: Quality, office technology and management, funding, polytechnics
THE COAGULATION POTENTIAL OF WATERMELON SEED AS A SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE FOR WATER TREATMENT
FUNKE M. JIYAH, 1 MUIBAT YUSUF, 2 HALIMA A GOYOL3 AND ESTHER O. AMAO4
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State. Nigeria. 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State. Nigeria. 3Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State. Nigeria. 4Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State. Nigeria.
Water quality conveys ecosystem health, the safety of human contact, the extent of water pollution, and the condition of drinking water. Thus, this research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of watermelon seeds as a potential water purifier in sustainable water treatment because of their adsorbent properties. The seeds treat water by acting as a coagulant, an antimicrobial agent, and enhance the filtration process during water treatment. An experimental laboratory-scale study using a jar test was conducted on medium turbid water from River Landzun in Bida, Nigeria to carry out coagulation and flocculation on six water samples. Six 1litre beakers with varying measures of ground watermelon seeds from 0.1 – 0.6g at 0.1g interval were filled with turbid water to determine the optimum watermelon seed dosage, pH, stirring time and speed of coagulation on the turbid water to be purified. The stirrers lowered into each jar and the stirring speed was set at 150 rpm for rapid mixing for 2 minutes and 80rpm for 8 minutes for slow mixing. The samples were then allowed to settle and the flocs were filtered using a filter paper and the above-listed parameters were measured on the filtrate. Results obtained showed that the greatest decrease was seen at the dose of 0.1g/L (100mg/l) of raw water, pH of 4.1, with optimal removal of turbidity as1.5 nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU) at optimum speed of 100rpm, and stirring time of 8 minutes were obtained. This result revealed that the coagulant was able to meet WHO recommended standards of drinking water quality valued at<5 NTU. This, therefore, implies that with further optimization, watermelon seed powder can be used as a natural coagulant, an alternative for household-level water treatment in low-income countries.
Keywords: Water treatment, Natural coagulant, Watermelon seed, Sustainable water purification
AFRICAN CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION: THE IMPLICATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*ALHASSAN AISHA; & **IMOAGENE ISAAC
*Department of Public Administration, School of Business Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi. **Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of General Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.
Globalization is a concept that has draws a lot of attention from various experts in social sciences and other discipline. The debate and controversy, protest and demonstrations that it generates has in most cases gone violet. In this regards, the reaction against globalization and its implication to human development have been observed in the relationship between the developed or rich western worlds, which are the owners of the new technologies and the less or developing or poor countries. Most critics of globalization from Africa have been of the opinion that globalization is destructive to African culture and development, rather since sociology deals with exploration and evaluation of how people relates in the social and how issues that affect human integration in society is enhanced with the formation of the individual as a self and as a member of a larger society, this paper x-ray to what extent is the concept “ globalization” eating deep into Africa culture or threatening their development and sovereignty? The origin, nature and dynamics of the process of globalization and its continuous impact on African culture and development were discussed. Education which is an instrument for change, development and power was sighted as the only weapon that can save Africa and perhaps enable her defend her interest and integrity as well as, preserve her values and make her cultures relevant in the new modernity. This will only happen in Africa particularly Nigeria, if only educational policy planners will embark on policy that will favor our domestic needs particularly our cultural and societal development.
Keyword: Culture, Globalization, National development and Education
THE PHILOSOPHICAL BASIS OF AHMADU BELLO SARDAUNA’S EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN ACHIEVING NIGERIAN NATIONAL UNITY
*ABDULKADIR MUHAMMAD RUWAH; & **KABIRU FARUK
*Department of Educational Foundations. **Department of Mathematics, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto
The Paper discusses the philosophical and historical background of Ahmadu Bello Sardauna, who was a Philosopher, a Realist advocate on Work and Worship, and also a strong of federalism. The paper further explored the philosophical basis of educational thought, which he believes that indiscipline breeds idleness and indolence, some teachers contribute to the “indiscipline of pupils” which are manifestly essentialist in character and also highlighted the strategies for educational development as a Policy of Cautious planning and maximum efficiency, Provision of Trained Personnel and Materials as Necessary Conditions and a Policy of Equal Educational Opportunity and role of education in achieving Nigerian national unity which believes that unity can only be achieved through the shifting aggregate of interests to different levels of the organization, the monitoring educational development and role of universities, as universities must be both national and international and tend to overemphasize their role in pursuing the truth to the exclusion of all else. The paper concluded that Ahmadu Bello articulates a social philosophy that is built on the dual props of work and worship. He believes that education is the greatest stimulus for national development and ignorance, fear and apathy can only be tackled through enlightenment or education Standards
Keywords: Ahmadu Bello Sardauna, Philosophical Basis, Educational Thought, Educational development, National Unity, Role of Universities
تاريخ نشأة اللغة العربية
THE ORIGIN AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARABIC LANGUAGE
MUHAMMAD BELLO IDRIS
School of Education, A.D.R College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State.
This seminar paper is an attempt to unveil the origin of the Arabic Language as a language. the paper first looked into the meaning of language in a general sense and then continued to study the beginning of the existence of Arabic language, and the factors that aided its development up to where the language rich today as one of the international language of the world. .
Keywords: Origin, Development, Arabic, existence and Factors.
THE CONSEQUENCES OF BREXIT ON ECONOMY AND TRADE IN AFRICAN POLICIES AND DIPLOMACY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
*EMMANUEL ONYEBUEKE, Ph.D; & **SUNDAY OGUNIRAN
*Primary Education Department, School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education. Federal College of Education Kano. **Curriculum and Instructional Department, Federal College of Education Kano
This paper looks at the available empirical evidence on Brexit. It carries out a computable general equilibrium simulation focusing on the consequences of brexit on economy and trade in African countries, policy and diplomacy for sustainable development in Africa. It consider this through the following heading consequences of brexit on economy and trade for Africa, UK economy and trade link with African, the negative impact of brexit on the global economy etc. The paper concluded by stating that there will be challenges due to brexit but not necessarily in the way that it is commonly thought. There will be some positive gain. There will be some additional trading and investment opportunities that will open up. The paper proffers some suggestion on the way forward.
Keywords: Brexit, Economy, Trade, Policies, Diplomacy, Sustainable Development
THE IMPERATIVENESS OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
VEN EGESI JONATHAN. C.; EGEONU EUGENE; AMAECHI J.N.; IHEANACHO CHARLES.U.; & ONUOHA MODESTUS
Imo State Polytechnic, Omuma, Imo State, Nigeria.
Agriculture like many other countries with good, arable and fertile soils have been a well- paying and good source of food supply. One can therefore make bold to say that there is hardly any sort of food eaten anywhere that is not a product of agriculture. In fact no matter how well-packaged, well refined and palatable any kind of food is, it is basically an agricultural produce. One disgusting aspect is that certain people relegate both the farmers and the process to the background as if they are not important. On the other hand, certain other people feel proud enough to under price farm produce simply considering it a cheap venture while parading themselves as people who do not like to farm but love its produce. This is quite shameful. It must be stated and clearly too on the imperativeness of Agriculture and possible ways of improving on various farm and agricultural practises in Nigeria. The above statement form the gamut of this study. Data collection techniques interviews, journals, questionnaire and the internet were used. The knowledge-gap theory and theory of planned behaviour /Reasoned Action were adopted for the study, thereafter, conclusion was drawn.
KEYWORDS: Imperativeness, Agricultural Extension, Community Development, Nigeria.
MODELLING OF A LOW COST CONCRETE MIXING MACHINE
UJEVWERUME, I. W.; AND AYADJU, G.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe, Oghara, Nigeria
In this work, the modelling of a concrete mixing machine that can mix cement, sand, granite and water with an input power from a diesel engine is reported. Concrete that is mixed manually requires a lot more work and takes a long time to produce a mixture that has less compressive strength. Numerous small-scale construction projects still use the traditional method of mixing concrete because existing mixing machines are so expensive. The consistency achieved through mixing has a significant impact on the compressive strength of concrete. In the objectives we are to design for the capacities of the drum and the batch, determine the power requirement, and fabricate a low cost mixer from locally available materials. This work is significant at promoting small businesses in the fabrication of low cost, locally made concrete mixers. The drum’s volume for combining 50 kg of cement, and aggregate was discovered to be 4.45 x 108 mm3 with content volume of 3.75 x 108 mm3 and 4.84 kW would be the machine’s power requirement due to the drum’s low speed design at 25 rpm. The project proved that locally fabricated concrete mixers can be much less expensive compared to imported ones by an average 30.70%.
Keywords: Modelling, Low Cost, Locally Fabricated, Concrete Mixing Machine