TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 10 (2) AUGUST, 2022 EDITION. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE EFFECT OF DEBASED NIGERIAN VALUES SYSTEM ON SPORT DEVELOPMENT
DAHIRU ABDULLAHI DANASABE
Department of Human Kinetic and Health Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria
A lack of integrity in the sports industry may endanger sport’s most essential elements and core values: fair play, ethics, mutual respect and trust in the rules of the game. This paper therefore studies the effect of debased values system on sport development in Nigerian. The behaviors and actions of individuals in any nation such as Nigeria are greatly impacted by their values system. There is correlation between Nigeria values system and corrupt practices which equally exerted negative impact on sports development. The study further highlighted how Nigeria values have debased greatly, to the extent that the behaviors and actions of individual continue to impact a concern negative effect in every sphere of national sports development. Cheating and other forms of corrupt practices, such as age falsification, lack of time consciousness, excess quest for materialism, lack of patriotic, and mediocrity syndrome have been exhibited and displayed in recruitment staff, election of sports association, provision of sports facilities and equipment, selection of players for competition, organization of sports competitions and sports officiating. For our value system to be positively restored, it is hereby recommended that there should be reorientation of Nigerians on moral values and respect for due process in the award of contract for sports facilities/ equipment, Recruitment of staff Election of Sports Association to ensure compliance with the specifications and standard. All forms of corrupt practices must be frown with adequate and proportionate responses in all potential cases in Nigeria
Keywords: Debased values system Corrupt Practices, National Sport Development.
COVID-19 AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN ASSESSMENT OF GLOBAL EFFORTS TOWARDS ACHIEVING THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 3 (SDG3) IN NIGERIA
AMODU, AKEEM ADEKUNLE; & OYEDOKUN, DOLAPO MICHAEL
Department of Politics and International Relation, Lead City University, Ibadan
Ever since the Coronavirus (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic in early 2020, it has spread to over 200 countries across the globe, claiming over 5 million lives, disrupting the world economy, and impeding the United Nations global development framework (Sustainable Development Goals). Due to the challenges posed by the virus, several agreements, policies, and efforts have been made at the international level to curb the spread of the deadly virus. This study therefore examined the global policies of COVID-19 towards the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Nigeria with specific focus to SDG-3 which aims at “Good Health and Well‐Being”. The data analysed in this study were sourced through structured questionnaire. 70 copies of questionnaires were distributed to the staff of Biorepository and Clinical Virology Laboratory of University College Hospital (UCH), Oyo State Ministry of Health (OYSMOH), Oyo State Primary Health Care Board (OYSPHCB), Oyo State SDGs Office; Oyo State Emergency Operation Centre (EOC); the National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC); and National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). The results of the findings showed that WHO and the World Powers have been assisting Nigeria with health equipment, funds, and development of healthcare centres in the fight against the epidemic. The study however, concluded that the achievement of the SDG-3 in year 2030 depends on the actions and policies of the government, the policy makers and the several agencies saddled with matter concerning health matters and national development. The study implored the world powers and other developed countries to continue with the supply of humanitarian, materials, medical and financial assistance to the developing countries so the entire world can achieve SDG-3 by 2030. The further recommended that. the government, health institutions, and the several concerned Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) take necessary actions to ensure other health related issues are not neglected while tackling the COVID-19.
Keywords: COVID-19, Global health policy, Sustainable Development Goals, SDG-3. Nigeria.
AN EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA’S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
CHUKWUWINKE SMART MOKUYE
Department of Public Administration, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
This article considered the role which entrepreneurs play in the economic development of a country. The study, among other things, observed that the entrepreneur acts as a trigger head to give spark to economic activities by his entrepreneurial decisions. He plays a pivotal role not only in the development of industrial sector of a country but also in the development of farm and service sectors. Entrepreneurs are like gamblers, and like any gambler, their chances of winning increase if they have the right cards. The role of entrepreneurship in economic development varies from economy to economy, depending upon its material resources, industrial climate and the responsiveness of the political system to the entrepreneurial functions. The study adopted an entirely secondary source methodology as the data was sourced from books, published journal articles, documents, periodicals and internet sources. The study findings revealed that, path breaking offerings by entrepreneurs, in the form of new goods and services, result in new employment, which can produce a gushing effect or virtuous circle in the economy. The article concluded that, if we understand the benefits and drawbacks of entrepreneurship, a balanced approach to nurturing it will definitely result in a positive impact on economy and society.
Keywords: Entrepreneur, Economic development, balanced regional development
CONFRONTATIONS IN NIGERIA-SOUTH AFRICA RELATIONS (1994-2015)
DEBORAH EBUNOLUWA OLUWADARA
Department of History & International Studies, Babcock University, Nigeria.
Nigeria and South Africa are part of Africa’s most significant countries, which have in time past enjoyed cordial-bilateral relations. In recent years however, their relations have been characterized with intense power struggle, several diplomatic rows and incessant xenophobic attacks. Perhaps the most notable diplomatic row was the Yellow Fever Card Feud of 2012 in which a total of 256 Nigerians and South Africans were expelled from South Africa and Nigeria respectively. However, studies on Nigeria-South Africa relations have mostly tended to highlight positive aspects of the relationship. This study therefore focused on their relations of confrontation. Using a qualitative approach and the historical descriptive method, the study found that the confrontations in their relations largely stem from their inherent power struggle, intense competition for the position of a regional hegemon and their competition for a permanent seat at the United States Security Council. The AU Chairmanship rivalry in 2012, the Yellow Fever Card Deportation and xenophobic attacks are some of the indicators of the stony relations between them. The study concluded that the competition between Nigeria and South Africa for regional hegemony in Africa connotes that they are powers of equal status and as such co-operation and not competition should be their goal. It was also concluded that if the power struggle, diplomatic rows and xenophobic attacks continue unabated, there may be a worsening of the relations between Nigeria and South Africa. The co-operation of Africa’s two largest economies is definitely crucial to its growth and development. Therefore, the research recommended that concerted efforts be made by both countries to ensure relations of co-operation and accommodation between both governments and their citizens.
Keywords: Bi-lateral Relations, Confrontation, Hegemony, Rivalry, Xenophobia.
SEA PIRACY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR ECONOMIC SECURITY IN NIGERIA’S COASTAL STATES
OKEREKE, EMMANUEL UGOCHUKWU
Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.
Sea piracy has continued to affect the economic security of Nigerians, especially those in the coastal areas. The purpose of the paper was to examine sea piracy and its implications for economic security of Nigeria with particular reference to its coastal states. The paper was built around structural conflict theory which is vital in the understanding of the issue of class, religion, competition over scarce resources, inequality, and underground economic benefits in driving sea piracy in Nigeria maritime domain with its attendant implications for economic security in Nigeria’s coastal areas. Data for the paper were collected from secondary source and analysed using content analysis. Findings from the study, among other things, showed that sea piracy resulted in loss of revenue to the government, fishermen/fisherwomen, operators of maritime businesses, among other human security threats in Nigeria’s coastal states. The implications for the findings is that sea piracy was found to be detrimental to efforts at enhancing economic security of the people in Nigeria’s coastal areas. Among other things, it was recommended that the federal government should cooperate more with other littoral states in the Gulf of Guinea in tackling the challenges of sea piracy through joint security operations since the crime is trans-national in nature; and that the government should adequately compensate fishermen/fisherwomen and maritime business operators who have suffered loss due to sea piracy in order to revitalise their economic activities for enhanced security of the people of the Nigeria coastal areas.
Keywords: Sea Piracy, Economy, Security, Economic Security, Maritime Domain
INFLUENCE OF SEXUAL CONTENTS IN NOLLYWOOD MOVIES ON THE SEXUAL INTENTIONS OF YOUTHS IN BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA
AJAEGBU, OGUCHI O.; OFFOR, EKITUATE D.; & ATAKITI, IFEOLUWA O.
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ogun State
This study looks into how sexual content in Nollywood films affects young people’s sexual intentions in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The study was motivated by earlier research that suggests the amount of sexual content in Nollywood films is increasing, and that this increase may be to blame for young people engaging in risky sexual behaviours like unprotected sex and having multiple sexual partners, among others. The convenience sampling technique was used to distribute an online questionnaire as part of the survey research methodology. Findings showed that although young people in Bayelsa State are highly aware of the sexual content in Nollywood films and have favorable attitudes and perceptions toward that content, there may be other, more compelling factors at play that are driving young people to engage in risky sexual behavior earlier in life. Therefore, it is recommended that additional research be done to determine whether there are any other factors besides Nollywood movies that might affect young people’s sexual behavior and intentions.
Keywords: Nollywood movies, Sexual Contents, Sexual Intentions, Youths,
DRUG ABUSE (THE EFFECT ON NIGERIA YOUTH)
*IBRAHIM FRIDAY SULE; & **YUSUF YAHAYA MIYA
*Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Dept. Biological sciences, Bauchi Nigeria. **Kustia Islamic University, Bangladesh.
Drug abuse amongst the global youth population has become a serious problem affecting everyone. The study will concentrate on the effect of drug abuse on Nigerian youths with specific focus on KUJE, Abuja. The survey research design was used with a sample size of 100 using questionnaires and interview as the research instruments. With level of significance of 0.05 the null hypothesis was rejected and conclude that good control measures have been put in place to check drug abuse among youths in Nigeria. However, the study recommend that a collective multi-disciplinary and multisectoral approach is necessary by both governmental and non-governmental bodies on public enlightenment and also, parents should make sure that their ward/children are enlightened on drug abuse and its implications especially among students.
OVERCOMING THE UNDERDEVELOPMENT CHALLENGE IN AFRICA THROUGH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT
*PROF. NJIMANTED, GODFREY FORGHA **FORBE, HODU NGANGNCHI & ***FOZOH, ISIAH AZISEH
*Director, Higher Institute of Commerce and Management (HICM), University of Bamenda-Cameroon. **Head of Department of Organisational Sciences, Higher Institute of Commerce and Management (HICM), University of Bamenda-Cameroon. ***Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, University of Bamenda-Cameroon
This study observed that Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) has for the first time in history intensified the use of digital technology for the delivery of services due to the hit of the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, wwhen the continent has been struggling to improve on its human develpment indicators which are still dismal, and also when the rate of entrepreneurship activities in the cconnent is still gaining grounds. This current study therefore, investigates the impact of digital technology and entrepreneurship development on economic development in SSA as applicable in the COVID-19 pandemic era. Based on Regreesion models with Drisco-Kraay standard errors and the Causal mediation analysis, the resulted outcomes draws some key conclusions. From the baseline model estimates, we noted that both entrepreneurship development and digital technological advancements have the ability to enhance human development in Sub-Sahara Africa. The moderation outcomes show that the interaction between entrepreneurship development and digital technological advancement is positive indicating that the economic development enhancing effect of entrepreneurship development in Sub-Sahara Africa is stronger in African countries with higher levels of digital technological application. Again, the interaction of entrepreneurship development with human capital development, the inflation rate, trade openness, and global financial openness are all positive and significant, showing that the control variables improves on the positive effect of entrepreneurship development on economic development in Africa. We equally noted interestingly that the negative effect of inflation on human development is mitigated by entrepreneurship development. Moderating the effect of diital technogcal application with the vector of control variables suggests that digital technological progress does not have the strength to inhibit the negative effect of inflation on human development in Sub-Sahara Africa. We also, find that the human development enhancing effect of ICT use is stronger in countries with higher levels of human capital development. At the same time, the interaction of ICT use with trade openness, global financial openness, and control of corruption all gives positive coefficients. From our causal mediaation analysis, the estimates of the indirect effects indicatd that the usage of ICT in SSA indirectly reduces the economic development of the continent through new business density, the usage of ICT in SSA indirectly enhances economic development of the continent through human capital development, control of corruption, the inflation rate, and the openness of the continnt to foreign trade. For a policy perspective, we recommend that efforts in terms of national budget should be directed to commercial, vocational, and technical education for job creation contrary to general education for job seekers. In this light, more than 30% of the national budget should be directed to education with 20% of budget directed to commercial, industrial and technical education. We also recommend guided openness policy to avoid excess dependency on foreign technologies and improted inflation. In this light, Africans should develop the interest of consuming home produced goods by improving on their quality and life span. In this regard, the market share of African goods in the African market should be more than what we are experiencing today. That is, about 7:3 on 1.
Keywords: Under Development Challenge, Entrepreneurship Development, Technological Progress, ICT, Inflation, Human Capital, Education and Training.
PERCEIVED PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF STUDENTS ATTITUDE TOWARDS STUDY HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN POTISKUM METROPOLIS, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
DR. AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Potiskum
This study examined the perceived psychological effects of students attitude toward study habit and academic performance in junior secondary schools in Potiskum, Metropolis, Yobe State, Nigeria. The study was guided with five objectives which were to determine perceived attitude toward study habits and .academic performance of Junior Secondary School Student in Potiskum Metropolis: level of academic performance among Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum Metropolis; difference perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum according to gender; difference perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum according to age; difference between student study habit and their academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum based on school type (school ownership). Similarly, five research questions were answered and three research hypotheses were tested. The population of the students was all junior secondary school students in Potiskum Metropolis, Yobe State, out of which a sample size of three hundred and sixty four (364) was drawn through proportionate stratified sampling technique. The research instrument for data collection was adopted from Rezual and Sultna titled ”Study Habit Questionnaire ” with internal consistency coefficient of 0.91 and reliability’ index of 0.78.Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research questions 7o while ANOVA was used to test the three hypotheses. From the analysis of the data, the following findings were found: the perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance was high; the level of academic .performance of Junior Secondary School Student was above average; there was significant difference in the perceived attitude of student study habit and academic performance according gender; there was no significant difference in the perceived attitude of student, study habit and academic performance according age; there is significant difference in the perceived attitude of student study habit and academic performance according school type. It was concluded that achievements can be attributed to the students’ attitude towards the study habit. It was recommended that school counsellors should give orientation to newly admitted student on effective study habit counselling to improve their academic performance. Similarly, school counsellors, teachers and school authorities should motivate, encourage otherwise enforce reading culture or “prep rime” into the curricula/” and equip the school with reading desk, efficient power supply and facilities that will motivate students to form good study habits in order to improve and achieve good academic performance. Counsellors, parents, and significant others should show appreciation for student strong points and identify their weaker area, then initiate corrective practices such as improvement of organizing time for study, lime management, visiting library: controlling of exam phobia as these would boost their morale.
Key Words: Academic Performance; Perceived Attitude; Attitude; Study Habit; School Type; Psychological
APPLICATION OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND PLANNING AS A VIABLE METHOD TO CRIME DETERRENCE AND SECURITY PROMOTION IN NIGERIA
JULIET AZUKA OBAJE1; STEPHEN ZEMO AUDU2; & SHERIFAT OMOWUMI SIYANBOLA3
1-3Department of Architecture, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. 3Department of Architecture, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State
Criminality and general miscount is on a high rate and keeps growing and causing major social problem, especially in the urban centres. In Nigeria emphasis has been laid on military and policing actions alone. Meanwhile, the potential contributions of architectural design and planning, as a critical part of the solution, have not been fully recognised and explored. Non-consideration of security at the early stages of the design process leads to costly re-design and re-development. The paper emphasises that developing an effective crime prevention system requires a close partnership and collaboration between the architect, security and other relevant professionals. It stresses the need for architects to understand crime prevention design theories and principles, basic technology and types of crime prevention systems and the issues involved in ensuring that their designs are compatible with security measures required and the functions and operations of the users. It concludes that effective design can be used as a tool for reducing crime in Nigeria.
Keywords: Architectural Design, Crime, Planning, Deterrence, Security.
IMPACT OF QUALITY TRAINING STRATEGIES ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA
SADIQ ABUBAKAR ILELAH
Department of Public Administration and Management, School of Management Sciences, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Employee performance is a very important facet of modern day human resources management. Employers adopt strategic human resource strategies to continuously enhance their employees’ performance. Employers have adopted human resources policies and practices with an aim of improving their employees’ performance. However, despite such policies and practices, it remains unclear why employee performance has been perennially low. The study will employ a descriptive research design. Simple random sampling technique will be use to select the sample. Data will be collected using questionnaires which will be administered to the respondents in Nigeria by the researcher. Data analysis will be done with the aid of SPSS version 22 statistical software. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used in analyzing the data. Hypotheses will be tested using the p-value approach at 95% level of confidence and the results will be presented in tables. The study will be significant in formulation of policies to address employee performance.
KEYWORDS: Quality training, employee performance, human resource strategies
INSURANCE SECTOR’S INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
ADEYEFA, FELIX ADEMOLA, PhD1; ADEYEFA, OLUWAFUNMILAYO ADEUTI2; & EKUNDAYO, OLUWAYOMI A., PhD3
1Department of Accountancy, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Insurance and Risk Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. 3Department of Actuarial Science and Insurance, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria.
In an attempt for Nigerian insurance companies to meet their financial obligations, efforts were made over time to invest in profitable securities. Despite these efforts, the contributions of investment of insurance firms to Nigeria’s economic growth remained underwhelming. Thus, the study examined the effect of the insurance sector’s investment on economic growth in Nigeria with time series data from 1996 to 2020. Growth in the economy was proxied by Gross Domestic Product (GDP) while government securities (GSC), stock and bonds (SAB), real estate and mortgage (REM), policy and loans (POL), and cash at hand and deposit (CHD) were used as variables of insurance sector’s investment. Data obtained were tested with Augmented Dickey-Fuller, Engle-Granger Cointegration, Granger causality test and error correction mechanism. Evidence from the study showed that government securities, stock and bonds, policy and loans have positive and significant effects on the Nigerian economy, while real estate and mortgage have positive and insignificant effects on the economy. Cash at hand and deposit have negative and insignificant effects on economic growth in Nigeria. The Granger causality test showed that economic growth in Nigeria does not cause insurance sector’s investment. The study, therefore, recommended that for a more plausible contribution to Nigeria’s economic growth, insurance companies in Nigeria should increase their investment in government securities, stock and bonds, and policy and loans and real estate and mortgage.
Keywords: Government securities, Economic Growth, Cointegration, Granger causality, Engle-Granger Cointegration
THE EFFECT OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES ON ROAD CONSTRUCTIONS IN NIGERIA
BAHAGO MARKUS DANIEL; JOHN ILIYA SASETU; & STEPHEN INJI MAKAMA
Department of Architectural Technology, School of Environmental Studies, Isa Mustapha Agwai Polytechnic Lafiyai, Nasarawa state, Nigeria
Road transportation and commercial activities, particularly in developing world continuous to be among the crucial issues of global change in the 21st century affecting the physical dimension of cities especially in Nigeria. As such, the paper examines the effects of innovative technologies on road construction in Nigeria. Majority of poor people in the world today live in rural areas where the level of public infrastructures especially roads seems very low. The inadequate roads and poor road access leads to high cost of transportation; and reduce ability to use and access high quality input.. Poor road access has put constraints rural people in terms of access to other social infrastructure such as education and health facilities. Therefore, improvement of rural road seems to be a clear means by which large numbers of people might acquire the opportunity to participate in the market economy and thereby raise themselves out of poverty (Oraboune, 2008). The construction industry is experiencing fast and adaptive innovations; new construction technologies such as dimensional printed structures and different platforms are developed to help professionals involved in the planning, design, construction, and management of buildings and infrastructure. The study focused on investigating the effect of innovative technologies on road constructions in Nigeria . Data was collected through the use of primary research in the form of a questionnaire to various managers at different levels in the organization. Semi-structured interviews are used to gather information from low-level management employees ins Nigeria. The summary of data collected was integrated to identify and analyze the effects of innovative technologies on road construction. Theoretical data and concepts from existing literature were used in the assessment of the research questions and objectives to provide a rich explanation for the research purpose. The research provides a better understanding of how technological innovation in new product development drives competitive advantage for companies like Guinness Nigeria to survive the increasingly volatile and competitive beer market. The study concludes that innovative technology contributes to road construction in Nigeria, however a positive relationship indicates that there is a positive and strong relationship between innovative technology and road construction in Nigeria Thus, recommended that rural roads should be improved to harness the economic potentials in the state at large.
Keywords: Road construction, Adoption of innovative technology; ICT; Diffusion, social system;
THE EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION ON THE SURVIVAL OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
YAKUBU YAHAYA Ph.D.
Department of Business Administration and Management, School of Management Sciences, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Entrepreneurial Orientation has significant influence on firm performance more so for small and medium firms operating under globalization and internationalization and regional integration regimes. Globalization results in expanded markets, characterized by increased number of competition, and shrinking market size. This global competition, increasing interdependence, rapid technology development, unstable environments, and many other factors exerts greater pressure on small and medium firms accustomed to operating under a domestic market set-up. To overcome the challenges associated with globalization, eminent scholars in other parts of the world have recommended that firms adopt entrepreneurial orientation as a solution to the challenges brought about by globalization. It is on this basis that this study sought to determine the influence of entrepreneurial orientation on the performance of small and medium enterprises in the information and communications technology sector. The study used descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, median and proportions using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24 and Microsoft Excel. Regression analysis and correlation analysis were used to determine the direction and strength of the relationship between the independent and the dependent variables.. The questionnaires were administered among the seventy (234) management staff members of the one hundred and seventy two (162) selected SMEs in Nigeria through purposive sampling method, and this was done personally by the researcher. Descriptive and inferential statistics was use to analyze and interpret the data use in this research. The study reveals that entrepreneurial orientation is a major challenges that help SMEs to grow and achieve its stated objectives in global competitive environment The study sought to answer the question of what shaped entrepreneurial orientation in SMEs in a developing country context and to answer the question of what contributed to performance for SME. The findings of the study revealed that employee relations showed a positive but insignificant effect on the performance of manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study recommends the enhancement of employee relations through health and safety, training and development, and staff welfare to maximize employee productivity. It recommends the promotion of customer satisfaction through product information, quality assurance and customer feedback to enhance customer loyalty and firm’s reputation to survive in the highly competitive market place.
KEYWORDS: Entrepreneurial Orientation, Manufacturing companies, SMEs
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF TEST CONSTRUCTION COMPETENCE SCALE FOR SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN KATAGUM ZONE BAUCHI STATE
*BABAYO MUHAMMAD OTHMAN; & **JAFAR ALHAJI MAIGARI
*Department of psychometrics, AD Rufa’i College of Education, Legal & General Studies Misau, Bauchi State. **Bauchi State Ministry of Education
The study was aimed to develop and validate a Test Construction Competence Scale (TCCS) that could be used to measure secondary school teachers’ knowledge of test construction. Initially, the scale contained fourty-seven multiple-choice questions focused on principles and techniques of classroom test construction. A panel of four (4) tests and measurement experts reviewed the test questions for content and face-related evidences. Eighteen (18) items were removed as they were having questionable qualities and thereafter the remaining twenty- nine 29 were pilot tested with fifty-two (52) Junior Secondary School teachers outside the research area. The scripts were marked and statistically analysed to determine which items to retain for the final test. Seven 7 items did not meet the item difficulty index, item discrimination index and distracter effectiveness criterion and subsequently, twenty-two items were retained. The test-level information of the scale in terms of convergent and discriminant validities were determined using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) statistics. While the item level information was obtained through item analysis procedure. In the same way, the PPMC and Kuder Richardson (K-R) 20 formulae were employed to determined the reliability of the scale in terms of stability and internal consistency. The result showed that the TCCS scale has both the convergent and discriminant validities of 0.99 and 0.26 coefficients respectively. The average item difficulty index was 0.53, while the average discrimination power was 0.58 and all the distracters were effective to draw at least 6.3% of the respondents. Finally, the scale has 0.91 coefficient of test-retest and 0.77 internal consistency using KR-20. The TCCS was therefore, recommended as appropriate research instrument to measure the extent to which the secondary school teachers are conversant about principles and techniques of tests construction by Stake holders in education and future researchers.
Keywords: Development; Validation; Test construction Competence;
HOLISTIC APPROACHES TO CURB CORRUPT PRACTICES IN TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN NIGERIA FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
*DOPEMU OLUSHOLA AFOLABI; **OWOLABI OLUWATOSIN SUNDAY; *ALIYU TAWAKALTU; & **USMAN ADAMU JABDO
*Department of Automobile Technology, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi – Kano State of Nigeria. **Department of Metal Work Technology, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi – Kano State of Nigeria
The success of any global and continental leadership is a pointer to every national attainment of its vision, mission and goals. Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) leadership is strategic and important based on the situation of corruption in the administration of the schools and departments in tertiary institutions of technological education. This paper examined factors on corruption, concept of politics, concept of TVET education, the relationship between politics and TVET education in Nigeria, corruption in the TVET education sector, anti- politics strategies in TVET education and accountability, promoting tools and strategies. Consequently and upon the above, the paper recommends that, leadership in Government, Administrators and Stakeholders should do more in the openness and take actions of convicting and punishing corrupt leaders from the top first and down the lane for adjustment to the path of transparent and visible truth within a very short period of time in our institutions in Nigeria.
Keywords: Corrupt Practices, Politics, Development, Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), Leadership.
AN APPRAISAL OF THE CHALLENGES OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC FACED BY URBAN YOUTHS IN KANO METROPOLITAN, NIGERIA
AMINU ZUBAIRU SURAJO PH.D1 AUWALU SALE YAKASAI PH.D2 MUHAMMAD INUWA3
1Department of Social Development, School of Rural Technology and Entrepreneurship Development, Rano, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano, Nigeria. 2&3Department of Sociology, College of Social and Management Sciences, Al-Qalam University Katsina, Nigeria.
The paper focuses on the challenges of COVID-19 pandemic on urban youths in Kano metropolis, Nigeria. The coronavirus affects many people, regardless of their class, gender or race. This situation is terrible and unsafe, especially for the urban youths. The pandemic has prompted both social and economic crises which compounded the already high unemployment rate, poverty and illicit activities among youths. The present study aimed at examining the lockdown policy measures of the government in addressing the challenges. And analyses the social and economic implications of a COVID-19 pandemic on urban youths. The study used a mixed method of data. This involved questionnaires and in-depth interviews. The study was guided by three hypotheses and four research questions. A total of 384 participants was utilised for the study and multi stage cluster sampling was used to select the participants for the questionnaire. Similarly, 12 participants were engaged in an interview. Purposive sampling was used by the researchers to select participants for the interview.The instruments used were self designed questionnaire and the interview guide. The null hypotheses were tested using a t-test analysis, while, the interview was conducted using thematic analyses. According to the research findings, there is a significant relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and possible sustainable measures. The results showed that the socio-economic implications of the pandemic are family problem, anxiety, peer-group violence, child abuse, disruption of social and religious life, unemployment, poverty, inflation and inadequate palliatives provided by the government to cushion the effects of COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: Appraisal, COVID-19, Kano metropolis, pandemic, urban youths
IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING THE SKILLS GAP BETWEEN THE AVAILABLE AND THE NEEDED SKILLS IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY IN PLATEAU AND NASARAWA STATES
*PEGOELONG, MATHEW DAVID; **DR EZENAGU, NGOZI; & **DR NASIRU, TIJANI
*Department of Hospitality Management, Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi, Plateau State. [Department of Tourism and Events Management, Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State]. **Department of Tourism and Events Management, Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State.
This study identifies the available and the needed skills in the hotel sector and evaluates the skills gap between the available and the needed skills in the hotel sector in Plateau and Nasarawa States. The hotel industry plays an immense contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP) of a nation as a major employer of labour. Being a labour-intensive industry, multiple competencies (skills) are required to provide a high quality of service to satisfy guests. The research adopted a survey design method where two hundred and twenty-nine (229) hotel employees (supervisors) were sampled from the selected hotels in the two states. Data were collected and analyzed and the results revealed that communication skill was found to be needed in the hotel industry but discovered to be marginally missing. An increase in workload for the few skilled employees was identified to be the greatest problem of the skill gap with the least mean (standard deviation) of 1.42(±0.565). The next one on the list was an item on having difficulties in introducing new working practices with a mean of 1.56 and a standard deviation of ±0.655. The study concludes there is a skills gap between the needed and available skills in the study areas and recommends that managers and supervisors make it a duty to analyse the skills set of their employees to organise training and development programmes to ameliorate the skills gap.
Keywords: Identified skills, Available Skills, Skills Gap, Hotel industry and Plateau and the Nasarawa States.
IMPORTANCE OF DELEGATION OF POWER IN ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVES
AJAERO, THEODORA GINIKANWA, Ph.D
Catholic Institute of West Africa, Port-Harcourt
Experiences have proven that the action of the delegated person stands to be legal power. The need for delegation is a fact that cannot be overemphasised; this is because it is a daily occurrence that is carried out every now and then whether in the public or private settings. Just as authority is the key to the manager’s job, delegation of power is the key to the organisation. Through delegation, the power is shared among various individuals working in an organisation for the purpose of effective management. The paper examines the importance of delegation and the elements of delegation. It argues that there are advantages in delegation of power and at the same time, there are some lapses from both the manager and subordinate in delegating of power. It further suggests factors that should be considered while delegating powers and the impact delegation of power has on the organization. Finally, the paper suggests some appropriate recommendations that will be helpful while delegating power in order to achieve organizational goals,
Keywords: Delegated Power, Organizational Objectives, Effective Management.
SUSTAINABLE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT FOR IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA
*AJUNWA FELIX OGECHI; *JOHN EGWA; & **SULEIMAN ONIYANGI
*Productivity Capacity Building (PCB) Department, National Productivity Centre, Headquarters, Abuja. **Procurement Department, National Productivity Centre, Headquarters, Abuja
This paper investigated the potency of entrepreneurship to generate employment, thus, underscoring the quintessence, significance and relevance of this sub-sector in the sustainable development of any given economy. The objective of the paper is to examine entrepreneurship, employment and sustainable development nexus in Nigeria. Data sourced from Central Bank Statistical Bulletin, National Bureau of statistics, World Development Indicators and CIA Fact Sheet and other institutional publications to provide empirical basis for the study spanned from 1980-2013. The methodology adopted in this research is the use of co integration and Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM) which established the long-run and short-run estimates of the parameters. On the long-run estimates, employment (LEMPL) and average capacity utilization (LCAP) are found to be statistically significant implying that employment and capacity utilization can be generated through entrepreneurship for sustainable development. Industrial Production index (LINPI) on the other hand is wrongly signed implying that it does not contribute to LHDI (sustainable development) for the period under review. The short-run estimates also show the significance of the parameters in respect to LEMPL and LINPI. The error correction mechanism (ECM) is rightly signed and significant. It shows that the speed of adjustment of the model from short-run distortions to long-run equilibrium is about 12.7%. The diagnostic tests of unit root showed that the variables are integrated of order one, I (1). This means that though individually the variables are non-stationary, a linear combination of the variables was stationary, hence they are co-integrated. Based on the findings the study recommends that if the Nigerian government must revitalize its economy, reduce unemployment progressively, and generate more employment opportunities for sustainable development, a paradigm shift in policy that is critical to effective entrepreneurship development becomes imperative. This can be done through building more capacity utilization and creation of enabling environment for industries to thrive.
Keywords: Sustainable, Entrepreneurship, Employment, Improved Productivity, Development, Industrial Production and Unemployment.
THE EFFECTS OF INTERNAL SECURITY ON EDUCATIONAL CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
AKILU UMAR BAKARI
Department of Business Technology and Management, the polytechnic Bali
The security trials threatening the Nigerian state in this 21st century have disregarded any definite justification both from the government and private viewpoints. Unexpectedly these challenges are internally generated. Expressions like militant, insurgent and terrorist became a nearby impression in line with the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria where attacks on people, property and government infrastructures are Spartan. The challenge is that some of these groups’ aggressions have rare the peaceful co-existence of the society and the core value of the Nigerian state. This paper explores documentary analysis on the severity of attacks on the Nigerian state from the fourth republic with a key interest on the possibility of these attacks to lead to the balkanization of the country into different nations as suggested by viewers.Terrorism is a global phenomenon. It is the use of violence and intimidation to coerce for various reasons. In recent times, the spate of terrorist attacks by various groups seeking political and religious reforms in Nigeria is alarming and has become worrisome as they pose a serious threat to Nigeria’s security. Furthermore, they are gradually destroying public confidence in the nation’s security system. Conditions which support the development and growth of terrorism in Nigeria range from socio-economic factors such as poverty to religion. The paper argues that terrorism has adverse implications for Nigeria’s security. Socio-economic transformation, security awareness and sensitization and collaboration among security agents among others are advocated as possible solutions to the menace.
Keywords: Effects, Internal Security, Educational Challenges, Development, Nigeria
REJUVENATION IN SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
1HARUNA, G. GIDEON, 2DARE SAMETU GRACE 3OKPE, YUNUSAH & 4MATHEW, BOLAJI ALEDARE
1Department of Mathematics, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa Nigeria 2Departmeent of Physics, Kogi State College of Education (Tech), Kabba Nigeria 3Department of Geography, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa Nigeria 4Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa Nigeria
Science education is the key to the development of any nation. Societal welfare and economic empowerment are paramount in national development objectives of any nation and the level of sustainable development of any human society is directly dependent on the quality of science education learned and applied by the citizenry. The purpose of this paper is to consider the concept of education and science education as a tool for achieving sustainable development in Nigeria. It also talks about the facets of development that can be sustained through science education which includes peaceful co-existence, research, agriculture, poverty alleviation, rural development, health and nutrition. In conclusion, the paper observed that science education rejuvenation for sustainable development in Nigeria, content, teacher education, and curriculum materials should be given special attention. The paper also suggested that, adequate training and motivation of teachers, connecting knowledge gained in school to everyday life and provision of adequate and infrastructural facilities will help improve science education which promotes and sustains the nation’s development.
Keywords: Science Education, Rejuvenation, Sustainability, Development
REVITALIZING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION THROUGH TEST ADMINISTRATION FOR HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY IN THE NEW NORMAL WORLD
DAUDA ISIAKA KAYODE
Department Curriculum and Instruction, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This study examined the revitalization of quality of education through test administration for higher productivity in the new normal word. Test administration is one of the measures used in educational assessment to determine the efficient, effectiveness and quality of the outcome of the test as an instrument to assess individual or group of test takers. The study looked into the concept of test as an instrument used to elicit information about an individual behavior and how test should be administered in stages to achieve the predetermined objectives. The process of test administration from pre administration era, during administration and post administration of the test were emphasized, while some of the challenges associated with test administration were also pointed out. It was concluded that test must be administered under the prescribed manners and procedures so as to actualize the overall objectives of assessment. However, some recommendations were made which includes; that the examiner/tester should maintain an objective way of marking and scoring candidate scripts in order to give the actual performance of an individual test taker. Items in the test instrument must be typed in good font style and size so that it will be readable during the conduct of the test.
Keywords: Test, administration, assessment, evaluation, testee, examiner
SIGNIFICANCE OF PRODUCT QUALITY AS A STRATEGY TO WIN AND KEEP CUSTOMERS’ PATRONAGE IN POULTRY MANAGEMENT
GABRIEL O. OLAIFA*, OLUSEGUN J. OYEDELE, TAIWO H. IBRAHIM, ABIODUN O. OLOSUNDE AND FADEKEMI F. TAIWO
Bioresources Development Centre, National Biotechnology Development Agency, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
This study was carried out to analyze the significance of product quality as a strategy to win and keep customers’ patronage in poultry management with the aim of suggesting marketing strategies and some other necessary steps that can improve the sales of poultry products and thereby increasing profits. In all, twenty small scale poultry farmers in Ife Central Local Government Ile-Ife, Osun State were studied. Primary data was collected with the use of structured closed ended questionnaires. Data collected was subjected to descriptive frequency and percentage analysis. The analysis revealed that majority of the sampled small scale poultry farmers produced their own feeds, sell directly to the customers instead of using distributors, produce their own feed with ingredients through suppliers to reduce feed production cost without comparing it with any standard to ascertain the quality of their feeds, do not engage in credit sales nor egg grading and follow the lead of dominant seller in setting prices for their poultry products. There is need for the farms to meet the satisfaction of their customers and improve the quality of their poultry products through direct communication with the customers on important matters, use of credit sales, egg grading for freshest and higher egg quality, keeping to the standard of poultry feed, production of healthy birds for constant patronage of customers to be possible.
Keywords: Product quality, customer satisfaction, strategy, poultry farmers, patronage
IMPACT OF ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
Department of Banking and Finance, School of Management Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Accounts receivable of a firm is a legally enforceable claim for payment from a business to its customers clients for goods supplied and or services rendered in execution of the customers order. The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of accounts receivable management practices on financial performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Nigeria. The target population will be 176 SMEs from manufacturing sector. The study applied both probability and non probability sampling procedures to obtain a sample of 121 SMEs required for the study. To achieve the objective of the assessment, primary data was gathered using questionnaires. Secondary data will be gathered from past published scholarly articles explaining theoretical and empirical information on the influence of working capital management on the financial performance of SMEs growth in manufacturing sector. Inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation coefficient will be use to analyze quantitative data. Pearson correlation coefficient will be use to determine the relationship between working capital management and financial performance. On the balance sheet, it is reported as a current asset and is considered part of an organization’s working capital. The foundation behind accounts receivable is a firm’s policies and procedures for sales. A system must be in place to track accounts receivable. This should include balance forwards, listing of all open invoices and generation of monthly statements to customers. An aging of receivables should be used to collect overdue accounts. Many organizations today are faced with the problem of having huge accumulated balances owing to accounts receivables which are sometimes written off and thus interfering with the organizations operations. The purpose of the study is to establish how Accounts receivable management tries to minimize the amounts of money tied up in form of accounts receivables and thus takes the organization back to its original set goals. This study describes target population comprising of all the manufacturing firms in Nakuru municipality which is the sample and census will be employed as the population is less than 30. There are 25 manufacturing companies within the municipality. Based on the results, findings and conclusions the following recommendations have been deciphered. It is therefore recommended that the management of manufacturing companies to consider putting in place the recommended steps seen as probable ways of ensuring that their financial management practices are improved for better financial performance.
KEYWORDS: Accounts receivable, employee performance, human resource strategies
GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS ON THE GROWTH OF OYO TOWN
OJO, MATTHEW OLUBAMIJI
Department of Geography, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This study examines the socio-economic impact of tertiary institutions on the growth of Oyo town in Oyo State, Nigeria. In view of this, the study identified socio-economic activities; examined factors that contributed to the growth and development; and discussed the effects of the growth and development of Oyo. Data for the study were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. Data were analysed using percentage and descriptive statistics of graphical representation.
AN ANALYTICAL VIEW OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND TEACHING-LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State
Issues surrounding technology are boundless in modern society as educationists now delve into its usage in teaching-learning process. Several studies have underscored the significant role of technology in developing secondary education in Nigeria. Specifically, this study examines the benefits of social media in teaching and learning of social studies among junior secondary school students in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. It was an empirical study guided by two (2) research questions and social survey research design with the population of one thousand three hundred and ninety-two (1,392) participants comprising junior secondary II students and social study teachers across 32 public junior secondary schools in Jalingo LGA. Simple random sampling technique was used to select ten percent (10%) of the population, which is one hundred and thirty-nine (139) sampled size. Data were collected using questionnaire while descriptive statistics involving the use of mean was used to answer research questions. The findings revealed that student used social media majorly for other purposes than academic purpose in teaching-learning process in social studies in junior secondary schools because the grand mean of respondent responses meets an acceptable criterion mean of 2.68; and that in spite of its benefits, there are some shortcomings associated with the use of social media by students in the teaching-learning of social studies in Junior Secondary Schools in Jalingo LGA of Taraba State because grand mean of respondent responses meets an acceptable criterion of 2.60. Based on the findings, it was recommended that education authorities in collaboration with relevant agencies should organize enlightenment campaign, workshops and seminars for teachers to create awareness of the efficacy and judicious use of social media in teaching-learning as well as to sensitize teachers on the necessity for its adoption in their various schools; and that teacher trainers should incorporate the use of social media in the relevant areas of their curriculum units and modify their training programmes to re-orientate teachers towards the need for social media.
Keywords: Social media, benefits of social studies, junior secondary student, secondary education, social studies teacher.
HANDLING ADOLESCENTS WITH DEPRESSION DISORDER IN THE MIDST OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN NIGERIA
*NASIRU NUHU GARKUWA; **ADAMU IBRAHIM; ***YAKUBU ABDULKADIR MAIDAURA; & *HARUNA SAIDU PALI
*Department of Psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **A. D. Rufa`I College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State. ***Department of Foundation, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This paper reviewed the ways through which adolescent with depression disorder would be handle in the midst of coronavirus pandemic, it looks at the concept of depression as one of the psychiatric disorder experienced by individual of any age-bracket adolescent inclusive. The paper study the various type of depression as classified by DSM 11. The study also look at the symptoms of depression as well as the problems associated with depression. Finally the ways of handling adolescent with depression in the midst of coronavirus pandemic was also hinted. The paper recommended that adolescent with depression disorder need to be monitored and handle with care.
Keywords: Adolescent, Depression Disorder, Covid-19
WORK ENVIRONMENT AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN IMO STATE MINISTRY OF WORKS, OWERRI, IMO STATE, NIGERIA
*RAYMOND NWAPI O.; *UBAH CHUKWUDI NELSON (Ph.D); & **ADIELE NNEKA J
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria. **Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri Imo State, Nigeria
This work has examined work environment and employee performance using Imo State Ministry of Works as the focal point. The researchers used four objectives, four research questions and four hypotheses. In the methodology, survey research design was employed by the researcher and questionnaire served as the instrument of data collection. The study population made up of the entire management, senior and middle level staff in Imo State Ministry of Works which is 900. From that, 277 staff were sampled, but only 255 questionnaires were collected after distribution. The data were analyzed using mean statistic and the hypotheses tested using Pearson correlation at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the data analysis, it was discovered that lack of poor finance, poor leadership, poor implementation of code of conducts and unavailability of equipments enhances employee performance in the work environment. The study recommends that organizational owners should ensure proper financing of the organization, so that workers will have what they need to perform their functions appropriately. Also, organizations should employ professionally trained and qualified managers who understand work environment, and who will adopt good leadership style to achieve organizational growth. This study therefore conclude that the achievement of employee high performance in their organizations depends on the extents to which an organizations provide friendly work environment through, good leadership, acceptable code of conduct, work materials, and finance.
Keywords: Work Environment, Employee Performance, Poor Finance, Poor Leadership, Code of Conducts and Unavailability of Equipments.
TRENDS IN LAND USE CHANGE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH – (SITUATION AT BODIJA ESTATE, IBADAN)
1ABIOYE OLATUNDE KEHINDE, 2ELEGBEDE OLUFOLA TOYOSI AND 3MUILI AKEEM B.
1&2Department of Estate Management and Valuation, the Polytechnic, Ibadan. 3Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomosho
Change in use of landed property is a transitional phenomenal of time mostly accorded with persistent rise in the level and rate of physical and socio-economic growth and development of a particular area. Using survey Research Design (SRI)) via questionnaire administration, observation and personal interview for data collection. Authors investigate change in land use in Bodija Estate, Ibadan The data obtained were analyzed using frequency tables, percentage and Relative Important Index (RII) ranking model. The study’s major finding was that the trends in land use change were gradual between 1960 and 1980, then 1980 and 2000; while there was a significant change between 2003 and 2022. The change has been attributed mostly to economic factors which has influenced the demand for commercial properties. The study concluded by recommending that the nature and pattern of land use change has to be appropriately monitored and regulated by putting in place effective check, to curb attributable adverse impacts and maintain planning orderliness and that appropriate planning approval and permission should be sought and obtained before property owners/users carry out any physical redevelopment that will affect the existing use.
Keywords: Development, Landed Property, Land Use, Property Value, Urban Growth.
دراسة أدبية تحليلية لقصيدة “زيارتي في مدينة دُكُّو” للشاعر يوسف علي موسى
أبوبكر إسماعيل ;يوسف علي موسى و ;آدم محمد طالب
قسم اللغة العربية، مدرسة الألسن، كلية أحمد الرفاعي للتربية والقانون والدراسات العامة، مسو ولاية بوتشي، -نجيريا.
هذه مقالة وجيزة حول القصيدة الميمية للشاعر يوسف علي موسى دراسة أدبية تحليلية، وستهدي إلى بيان الظواهر الأدبية والفنية في أربعة نقاط.