JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
December, 2017 Vol. 11 No. 4
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
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Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International
CHALLENGES OF INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES: A STUDY OF TARABA STATE UNIVERSITY, JALINGO
KWASE DOGARI AUDU & WOYOPWA SHEM
Department Of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo
The survey research design was used for this study. The population of the study was students and staff of Taraba State University, Jalingo. A sample size of 380 was drawn from the population. 343 respondents were able to effectively respond to the research questions. Findings of this study unravel that Nigerian public universities are bedevilled with information. The researchers therefore seek to draw the attention of Nigerian public universities to the potential wealth of advantages associated with efficient information management. Therefore, this paper recommends that public universities in Nigeria should give priority to information management by equipping the MIS units with professional staff and equipment so as to facilitate timely and efficient access to information within the university communities.
Keyword: information management, public universities, challenges, Nigeria
THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE CAUSES OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY IN THE NORTH EASTERN REGION OF NIGERIA
USMAN D. UMARU, Ph.D
Department of Public Administration, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
The study is on the theoretical understanding of the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria. The objective of the study is to identify the role of the Conspiracy theories in the killings and destructions in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria by the Boko Haram Insurgents. This was achieved by the examination of the various documentary evidences on Conspiracy Theories. The study then found out that Conspiracy theories greatly influenced the killings and destructions in the North Eastern Region, because it had misled the people of the region and leaders in Nigeria. The study therefore concluded that Conspiracy theories had strengthened and prolonged the insurgency in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria. It is therefore recommended that Conspiracy theories should never be taken serious by the people and governments, rather the source should be identified and dealt with in order to avoid retardation and drawbacks.
Keyword: Theory, Conspiracy theory, Boko Haram and Insurgency
AN OVERVIEW OF THE FORMULATION, ROLES, MERITS AND DEMERITS OF PHONOLOGICAL RULES IN GENERATIVE PHONOLOGY
SULYMON JIMOH ALANI
Department Of English, School Of Languages, the College Of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
The hallmark of scholastic researches in English phonology is to achieve language description in the shortest possible way. This paper seeks to present efforts of scholars in the area of English phonology with a view to deemphasizing the traditional mode of describing sounds as it allows for an indulgence in prolixity. The paper offers an expository assessment of the phonological rules that were formulated by some generative phonologists. The paper places within its ambit an assessment of the roles of the identified phonological rules and discusses the advantages and the few disadvantages accruable from the application of these rules. On examination of their roles, it is discovered that a handful of these rules are used to express the kind of process involved in phonology and the possible generalizations inherent in them. Chief of their advantages is that they make for a tremendous savings in terms of time, space covered and the number of features used while representing features. The only weighty demerit of these rules is that they are complex. This launches contradiction into the praxis of the phonological rules as this issue of complexity negates the attainment of simplicity. The conclusion reached in the paper is that more gains and ease of description are definitely achievable as the current and future researches on phonological rules progress in a continuum.
Keyword: generative phonology, avoidance of prolixity and redundancy, economy of features, time and space-covered.
“INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY” THE KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
OFUALAGBA MAMUYOVWI HELEN1, ONYIA CHUKWUDIEBUBE JOSEPH*2 OKOH LULU MAMELLO3
Delta State Polytechnic Otefe-oghara
Information Technology had its modern existence from late sixties of the last century when the Arpanet was introduced, After that the IT has played a very powerful role in our every areas of life. Information Technology (IT) has key role to play and also driving forces in national development. Today, sustainable development is one of the most important societal challenges of the 21st century. One global trend for sustainable development is the prodigious rapid development of information technology (IT). As a result of the “IT uprising,” there have been many efforts to leverage IT for sustainable development. However, the needs of the present are vast and often conflicting. Today Nigeria is lacking behind in the issues of Healthcare system, Agriculture, Job creation, Environment Management, security issues, Good Governance and power supply. Nigeria needs to address these issues to be able to move forward with the new sustainable development goals. Today, Technology plays a big role in sustainable development in all of its aspects: social, environmental, and economic, it is therefore required that the Nigerian government concentrates on key aspect that can help boost and sustain its developmental goal. This paper examined ways to implement information technology in sustainable development in Nigeria.
Keyword: IT, Sustainable, Nigeria, development and economic
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT
EDWIN OGBU & ASABE C. ISMAILA
School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe
The paper titled early childhood education for sustainable African development opined that one of the best and effective ways to assumed a just and sustainable Africa is by given early childhood education all the attention necessary through ensuring the implementation of the ECCE policies to ensuring all round development for every African child by equipping them through teaching and mentoring with the knowledge of core African values that promotes obeying law and order, respect for elders, sanctity of human lives and the environment. The paper further discusses early childhood education as a discipline and some of its features that can contribute to building a sustainable Africa as enshrined in its objectives. The paper also points to the importance of putting together all the related efforts in the local realities; using different formal, informal and non-formal settings; re-orienting the program content towards sustainability; The paper points out some challenges that hindered sustainable African development and finally proffers some recommendations.
Keyword: Sustainable development, early childhood, Education.
ISSUES OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AFRICAN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS
AHMED IBRAHIM SAFANA
Computer Science Department Federal College of Education P.M.B 2041. Katsina State
The social media is becoming a catalyst for integrating the formal and informal learning into a self-regulated learning or simply a Personal Learning Environment (PLE) which is becoming a talented pedagogical approach in the context of higher education. This paper is aimed at abstracting the connection between the social media and self-regulatory learning in Africa, review research that support the connectivity between the social media and the self-regulatory learning, and provide the implication for the future research in this environment.
Keyword: Institution, Media, Issues, Social, Higher.
THE IMPACT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS IN TORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE
Mathematics and Statistics Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
This paper examined the uses of instructional materials and its relevance to teaching and learning in secondary schools in Bauchi state. The need for comprehensive implementation of teaching aids and its objectives in Nigerian educational system were identified and discussed. The target population of the study was all senior secondary school students in Toro Local Government area of Bauchi state of which 180 students were randomly selected and on the basis of 50% Male 50% Female. Data was collected using the structured questionnaire that was designed and tested. The data collected were analyzed using regression analysis and students t-test method to verify the research hypothesis formulated for the study. Findings revealed that there is significance influence of the use of instructional material on students’ performance. Also student taught with instructional materials performed better than those taught without instructional materials, that is to say, the use of instructional materials has a significant effect on students’ academic performance. The null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance were rejected in each case. It was therefore recommended that instructional material be used in teaching in secondary schools because it has positive impact on students’ performance.
Keyword: Instructional Materials, Students, Academic Performance, Teaching.
EXPLORING THE ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN’S PROGRESSION TO TOP MANAGEMENT POSITIONS IN THE HIGHER ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA: A QUALITATIVE APPROACH
CHARLES IKECHUKWU UCHE, Ph.D.
Department of Public Administration, College of Management and Social, Sciences, Oduduwa University, Ipetumode, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Despite the increase in the number of women in managerial positions in the current decade, the number of women in top management positions continues to be very small and static, suggesting a glass ceiling effect that women currently face. It becomes important to examine the organizational factors that might facilitate the early advancement of women to top executive positions. Therefore, this study explores the key organisational factors that facilitate women’s progression to top management position in higher academic institutions in Nigeria. The study adopts a qualitative approach to elucidate data from six key informants comprising of three males and three females who are university lecturers in Nigeria selected through convenient sampling technique. The qualitative data analysis result revealed that organizational factors such as organizational culture, organizational politics, gender issues, stereotype, qualifications/time and chances and awareness/founders’ foundation significantly affect women’s progression to the top positions in academic institutions in Nigeria. Therefore, the study concludes that organizational culture, organizational politics, gender issues, stereotype, qualifications/time and chances and awareness/founders’ foundation significantly affect women’s progression to the top positions in academic institutions.
Keyword: Organizational Factors, Women, Progress, Top Management, Academic Institution, Nigeria
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH FOR TRANSFORMATION AGENCY
1IRMIYA JOSHUA, 2AGULEKE CECILIA CHINWE
1School of Arts and Social Sciences, College of Education 2School of Education College of Education Azare, Bauchi State
The paper examined meaning of research and educational research. It also explained some global drivers of transformation such as globalization, democratization, the economy, social structure, the culture, liberalization, regulation and accountability. Recommendations and conclusions were drawn which form part of science and education should dedicate themselves even more to the challenges associated with the transformation towards a sustainable, low-carbon society, with more research on issues and topics of relevance to this process.
Keyword: Research, educational research, transformation, globalization, democratization.
Good Governance: Panacea for Reducing Poverty and Hunger in Nigeria
Nwachukwu Emmanuel Uche
Social Governance and Policy Research Department, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Ibadan, Nigeria
Poverty and hunger remain widespread in Nigeria due to the absence of good governance. Over the years, there has been consistent mismanagement of resources leading to poverty and hunger in Nigeria. Reducing poverty and hunger in Nigeria cannot happen by accident, rather through conscious and concerted efforts geared towards achieving this goal. Although, poverty and hunger is a universal phenomenon that affect the socio-economic and political wellbeing of the citizens’ weather in developed or developing countries. However, statistics and data show that poverty and hunger is more prevalent in the developing world of which Nigeria is among. There is therefore, an urgent need for elected government officials to institute good governance at all levels to ensure that citizens are lifted out from poverty and hunger. This paper therefore, examines good governance as a panacea for the eradication of hunger and poverty in Nigeria. The data used were secondary sources on good governance, poverty and hunger reduction in Nigeria. The findings reveal that poor governance, corruption, misplaced allocation of resources, management and leadership failure were responsible for poverty and hunger in Nigeria. The paper concludes that poverty and hunger will persist if the problems militating against good governance in Nigeria are not addressed. Recommendations based on the findings were suggested.
Keyword: Good Governance, Poverty, Hunger, Corruption, Panacea
HONOURING THE PAST, TREASURING THE PRESENT, AND SHAPING THE FUTURE: AN ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT HE GAVE ME WINGS…..ME AND MY DAD (FUNSHO ADEGBOLA)
MRS. RAJI TOLULOPE
Registrar, Gateway Polytechnic Saapade.
A critique of the text Funsho Adegbola’s He gave me wings…..Me and My Dad can be seen as the perception of the real life of certain notable, significant people in the society. There is always a great need to meet the man behind the screen i.e. “The Publican” as Shakespeare will put it. This write-up is therefore an analysis of the text, themes and ideas portrayed by the author and the reviewer’s personal reaction to the idea’s revealed by the author.
Keyword: critique, perception, notable ,significant, Shakespeare.