Journal of Humanities and Social Science (JMSE)
Vol. 8 (4) March, 2017. ISSN 2278-8892
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18, Justice Sowemimo Street,
Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro. P.O. BOX 16868, Wuse 3,
Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International
THE ASSESSMENT OF NIGERIAN ECONOMIC SITUATION: RELIGION AND QUALITATIVE PERSPECTIVES
ESUH OSSAI-IGWE LUCKY, Ph.D. & UCHE I. CHARLES, PhD.
*Department of Business, College of Management and Social Sciences, Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.**Department of Public Administration, College of Management and Social Sciences, Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
Due to the current Nigerian economic shambles and the neglect of religion factor in the assessment of the country’s economic situation, this study assessed the current Nigerian economic situation using the religion perspective. The study adopted a case-study design with observation and interview approaches. Six key informants comprising of three Christians and three Muslims (Alfas), were interviewed on the economic situation in Nigeria regarding the offering, tithe, Zakat, alms giving and the general financial contributions in churches and mosques. The conclusion was that offerings, tithes, zakat and general financial contributions and assistance increases as the economic situation improves while on the other hand, offerings, tithes and general financial contributions and assistance in the church decreases as the economic situation worsens. This paper looked at in the context of the current Nigeria economic situation. Apart from this, the study offered several implications for religious leaders in government as well as to the Nigerian government.
Keyword: Assessment, Economic situation, Religion perspective, Christians, Muslims offering, Tithe, Zakat.
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF HOTEL FACILITIES IN DAMATURU METROPOLIS, (THE STATE CAPITAL OF YOBE STATE NIGERIA)
HUSSAINI ALHASSAN FUNTUA*, BABAGANA BUKAR, AND MUKHTAR ALHAJI USMAN
Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic P.M.B. 1006, Damaturu, Yobe State:
Hotel is a property that contained a lot of facilities designed and provided for efficiency, convenience, functionality and aesthetics for the satisfaction of users both guest and staff. Hotel services are an investment that required the use of standard facilities and for a longer period of time, enough for the investors to recoup the money or capital invested. The evolution in the number of investors in hotel business within Damaturu metropolis is discouraging. The city as a state capital of Yobe State has very few hotels which could have been considered inadequate when compared with other cities within north-eastern region of Nigeria. The major problem that can be identified limiting the development of hotels investment in the area was the existence of the predicament associated with the management of the hotel facilities. The data required for this research work was obtained through the primary sources, that is directly from the field and which includes questionnaire, interview, inspection, and observation and some literature sources. Data collected were analyzed using table, chart, percentage, narrative, and descriptive methods. Part of the finding includes; about 45% of the hotels within the study area are managed by unprofessional managers, those who have no any formal training or certificate to become managers. Up to 32% of the hotels in the study area do not prepare annual budget of capital and expenditure which resulted in unplanned spending. It was concluded that with the involvement of professionals in all aspect of hotel enterprises, sadden breakdown of facilities will be totally avoided or reduce to a minimum. Services rendered by the hotels will be enhanced, use of standard facilities be achieved. Some of the recommendations are; only experienced and well trained managers should be employed to take care of hotel businesses for greater development. The use of professionals in annual budget is mandatory for income to be adequately allocated for the required tasks.
Keyword: Damaturu Metropolis, Hotel Facilities, Management, Problems Associated.
BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY: A RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL OR IDEOLOGICAL WAR
ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State.
The effects of Boko Haram Insurgency on school enrolment in tertiary institutions of the northeastern Nigeria, was an empirical study conducted in the northeastern state of Yobe, to assess the question of causality between Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria and the rate of school enrolment at tertiary education level, on one hand, and the intellectual flight experienced in the region, on the other hand. Quantitative technique was used through the instrument of survey questionnaire, administered on the Registry of the selected tertiary institutions: The Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State University Damaturu, and Shehu Sule School of Nursing and Midwifery Damaturu. The study yielded some findings, which among others include: The sharp droppage in the population of ‘non-northern students’. Similarly, the insurgency had taken its toll on the non-indigenous lecturers at the selected institutions. Boko Haram insurgency had led to the closure of schools in the state for at least seven consecutive months in 2014 alone, aside the previous disruptions in academic calendars. The beginning of the sharp drop in students’ population was discovered to be from the 2012/2013 session, possibly, due to threats physically experienced to their lives. The study concluded that the loss occasioned by Boko Haram insurgency is irredeemable and cataclysmic, and recommended the overhauling of the Al-majiri system and the certification of their teachers (Mallams).
Keyword: Boko Haram Insurgency, Damaturu, tertiary institution, northeastern, Nigeria.
INSECURITY AND THE CHALLENGES OF DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA
MOHAMMED-HASHIMU YUNUSA, Ph.D AND MU’AWIYA ABDULLAHI
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi state.
As the wind of liberty is blowing all over the world, democracy or democratic system of government has become an acceptable ideology to most countries of the world. In the global era, any state or nation that refuses to embrace democratic ideology shall be left behind. Despite its tortuous transition to civil rule, Nigeria has enjoyed over a decade of uninterrupted democracy. Through not devoid of crises yet these crises have not pull down the system. However, with the efforts to consolidate democracy, insecurity is threatening the sustenance of Nigeria’s democracy. The challenge that it (insecurity) is posing to the consolidation of Nigeria’s democracy is the concern of this paper. The paper argues that; political economic, ethno-religious and ethnic factors are responsible for the insecurity that is threatening Nigeria’s democracy. Some of the challenges are: poor condition of service, the security are not well equipped and or trained, opportunities offered politicians have been squandered, high poverty etc. It is suggested that political leaders should approach their mission with the fear of God. Let there be serious and committed people to redress the retaining socio-economic condition of the majority of Nigerian. Political office(s) should not be taken as opportunity(ies) to cheat. Let there be constitutionalism. Finally, let’s all say, no to violence and hold unto round table discussions (dialogue).
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF ABSTRACT COMPOSITION WITHIN THE MILIEU OF ACADEMIC CONFERENCE PAPER: ESSENTIAL GUIDES FOR PROSPECTIVE RESEARCHERS
* ABUBAKAR, ABDULLAHI & ANAS SANI ANKA
*Department of Mass Communication, Abdu-Gusau Polytechnic, Talata-Mafara, Zamfara State. **Department of History and International Studies, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State
Despite vast research by authors on various topics, issues and fields, little is known about the contemporary issues and challenges dominating the debate on abstract composition its unique words count and basic elements for academic conference papers. Many academic paper writers are often confused by the type/form of abstract to adopt that best suits the kind of paper they doctored and authored. Given that, abstract is a miniaturised representation of the original document, providing a lead to the information required. It follows a structured format with the intention of capturing the essentials for the user to make a decision to proceed to use the real information or not. This is where academic paper writers are often found fatally flawed in the composition of abstract for a conference paper, hence its rudiments (academic elements) is taken for granted. This paper examined the concepts of abstract in line with the updated version of the APA referencing system. The study is an examination, analysis and critique of forms of abstract extraction that seeks a critical approach to the paper writing. The study figured enough types of abstract in which paper writers should base their abstract on 5 keyed basic components. The study however recommended that prospective authors should consider journal guidelines in their abstract composition taking cognizance of the latest American Psychological Association provision. It is concluded that the paper is helpful to overcome the challenges academics face in the composition of their abstract in the event of their non-familiarity with the updated APA format.
Keyword: Issues, challenges, abstract composition, conference, paper.
NOLLE PROSEQUI- A STATE LEGAL INSTRUMENT OF PUBLIC OPPRESSION IN NIGERIA’S CRIMINAL ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE.
MOHAMMED ALI MISAU Esq.
The legal concept nolle prosequi is defined “The power conferred on the Attorney- General to discontinue any criminal proceedings, by whomsoever, for whatever reason or lack of it at any time whatsoever before the judgment is delivered in the proceedings”. The nolle prosequi derives its main source from the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 as amended in 2011, the investigation of crimes has been the fundamental duty of the Nigerian Police Force (NPF) whose members have the statutory power to prosecute persons who ought to be tried as a result of their investigation. Sometimes, in its effort to carry out its statutory powers, the Nigerian Police were frustrated by some Attorneys- General by a seemingly improper exercise of powers. The remedies to Nolle Prosequi as a state legal instrument of public oppression in Nigeria few were mentioned. Finally, nolle prosequi is fundamentally a legal instrument laudably meant to guarantee public interest, interest of justice and to prevent abuse of legal process in Nigeria by virtue of its constitutional provision.
Keyword: Administrative, Nolle, Oppression, Legal, Prosequi
THE USE OF MENTAL SKILLS AS PSYCHOLOGICAL PREPARATION FOR MAINTAINING STRESS AND EMOTIONAL CONTROL OF ELITE ATHLETES IN THE OLYMPIC GAMES COMPETITION. COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS
- G. USMAN (Phd)
Department of Counselling Psychology, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State.
It is a general hypothesis that competitive athletes are interested in outperforming their opponents. Game reasoning has it that athletes are susceptible to identifying so heavily with their sport that the “game” extends beyond the presumed play clock. Psychologists believe that stress and emotion are fundamental psychological ingredients that can enhance or hinder performance in sports, depending on how psychological skills and strategies are used in maintaining these two elements. This paper therefore, discussed the characteristics and cost effectiveness of Olympic Games Competition most importantly, the paper explained the concepts of stress and emotion in relation to psychological situation of athletes. The paper highlighted how physical and mental skills can be adopted to control stress and emotion of players so as to optimize their performance. This paper also proffered conclusion and recommendations to guide players and coaches before, during and after competition in order to attain a successful game context.
Keyword: Olympic, Games, Stress, Emotion, Mental skills, Competition
NIGERIA’S FOREIGN POLICY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY DURING OBASANJO’S DEMOCRATIC ADMINISTRATION.
IGOLI TIMIPA, NWAEBOH IFEANYI A (Phd)
Liberty Centre For Human Rights And Sustainable Development
This paper examined the effects of Nigeria’s foreign policy on her sustainable development by focusing on economic diplomacy during Obasanjo’s democratic administration. It noted that Nigeria’s foreign policy was hardly utilized as a tool of economic development until the economic austerities of the 1980s after the oil boom. The paper observed attendant economic benefits that manifested in Nigeria due to the utilization of economic diplomacy during Obasanjo’s democratic dispensation. These benefits included the cancellation of Nigeria’s external debt and attraction of Foreign Direct Investments. The paper recommended that economic impact assessment be carried out by experts before Nigeria embarks on foreign policy adventure. It also recommended that successive administrations after Obasanjo should make economic diplomacy a permanent feature of Nigeria’s foreign policy.
Keyword: Nigeria, Foreign Policy, Sustainable Development, Diplomacy, Economic Diplomacy.
REALIZATION OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RIGHTS UNDER THE HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
Realization of social and economic rights is an inherent right which every man required. It is ideal for man to enjoy freedom, in the society, equal working standard, equal remuneration, education, good health care, respect to humanity, equal standard of living, right to organize, form and join trade unions right to participate in cultural activities and right of security. First generation of human rights relate to civil and political rights, second generation relate to economic, social and cultural life. While the third generation talks about solidarity. Human rights issue have become so imperative to the international, regional and national politics for past years. Looking at the United Nation Universal declaration on human rights of 1948 which 1966 international covenant on civil and political rights and international convent on economic social and cultural right were carved out which have become coalesce or their coalition, has made every sovereign state to implement the stability of their human rights.Nigeria being a signatory to African charter on human and people’s right of 1982 Article has made us to recognize and understand our fundamental human rights notwithstanding all are not being implemented and considered.
Keyword: Education, Nomads, Salary, School, Teachers.
INTERACTING BUT NOT INTEGRATING: ETHNIC RELATIONS AND CONFLICT BETWEEN HAUSA AND YORUBA COMMUNITIES IN BODIJA MARKET, SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
1OWONIKOKO BABAJIDE SAHEED AND 2OLAONIPEKUN ABIOLA OLAOLUWA
 Peace and Conflict Studies Programme of the institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan 2Continuing Education Centre, The Polytechnic, Ibadan.
Bodija market is one of the largest markets in Ibadan where people from diverse ethnic groups come to buy and sell on daily basis. The fact that the market is situated in a South-West state- Oyo State- makes the Yoruba people more populous than any other ethnic groups in the market. For a long time, ethnic conflicts in Nigeria especially those involving Yoruba and Hausa/Fulani ethnic groups have always found their ways into the market either as continuum or as reprisal attacks. Boko Haram insurgency in North-Eastern Nigeria where majority of the beans and cows sold in the market and consumed by the inhabitants of the city of Ibadan are brought is another major cause of uprising among the different ethnic groups in the market, especially between the Yoruba and Hausa communities. Thus, this paper looked at how the insurgency in the north Eastern Nigeria contribute to ethnic relations and conflict between Yoruba and Hausa/Fulani community in Bodija market. The paper found out that despite years of staying and selling together in the market, the Yoruba and Hausa communities in the market are yet to melt into a common community. The study also found out that for economic benefits, there is also a shifting alliance as some Yoruba sellers are seen as members of the Hausa community. The paper recommended that to prevent future escalation of conflict, a common community must be established and promoted.
Keyword: Communities, Interacting, Between, Ethnic, Integrating.
INFLECTIONS FOR GRAMMATICAL GENDER OF TIV NAMES
*AKASE TIAV T. (Ph.D) AND **SALEM CHIAHEMBA VITALIS
*Department of Languages and Linguistics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. **Department of English, College of Education, Oju.
Gender is one of the grammatical categories that is rigidly maintained in many languages that use them. The use of gender in such languages depends on the semantic association of the noun and other properties denoted by that noun. Such semantics associations include human, non-human, animate, inanimate, sex, colour, etc. This research is however, concerned with the gender of names which examines in details the grammatical gender of names with particular reference to Tiv names. The research is motivated by the fact that many languages do not have separate names for men and women, while other languages use regular inflections for grammatical gender to indicate the gender of names. The work seeks to find out if the Tiv names use regular inflections for grammatical gender or any other means to indicate the gender of the names in the language.
Keyword: Grammatical, Inflections, Gender, Tiv, Names.
EFFECTIVE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN WORK ORGANIZATIONS
DR CHIAHEMBA AUNDE IGUNGU
Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja
Personnel management is essentially an exercise in human engineering. People have needs, problems, and personal traits such as attitudes, emotions, temperaments and feelings which they bring to organizations. They have constructive tendencies but may also exhibit destructive tendencies depending on the extent to which their personal needs are satisfied by the organization. Since human beings are themselves complex, their needs and behaviours are similarly complex. Personnel management is thus a difficult task. Personnel management is deemed effective to the degree that it contributes to the achievement of the organizational goals. If all the human attributes are harnessed towards the achievement of the organizational goals, the management will be deemed to be effective. But because organizations are made up of people, machines and other equipment, effective management of people cannot exclude the effective management of material resources as well.
Keyword: Effective, Personnel, Management, Organizations, Goals.