JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (JHSS)
JUNE, 2017 VOL. 9 NO. 4
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
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Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International
LEADERSHIP IN NIGERIA AND PROVISION OF BASIC NEEDS IN THE 2ST CENTURY: A PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
*MOHAMMED-HASHIMU YUNUSA, PH.D AND **DR. ISAH ADEMU
*Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science, Federal University, Lokoja, Kogi State **Department Of Public Administration, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State.
At independence in 1960, Nigerian leadership through their values, ideas and aspirations meant well for Nigeria. With incessant military incursion into the political power struggle from 1966 through to 1999, leadership became a hope turned frustration in Nigeria, since the beginning of the 21st century, the leadership that have been produced by ‘Nigerians’ viz-a-viz their poor performance in terms of provision of basic needs for the citizens show that Nigeria’s socio-economic woes lies in poor or bad leadership. The paper is of the view that what is responsible for the failure are: self-aggrandizement on the side of leaders among notions about politics by politicians, leadership belief in politics of ‘National Cake’ instead of politics of ideology. It is recommended that, Nigerians must flash back to the era of reward based on hard work, insist on good leadership, secularism, build on the foundation laid by the founding fathers of Nigeria.
Keyword: leadership, politicians, politics, development, poverty.
REAFFIRMING AFRICAN COMMITMENTS IN UNKNOWN DISCOVERIES AND BREAKTHROUGH: CHALLENGES, PROSPECTS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
I.G. USMAN (PhD)
Department of Counselling Psychology Faculty of Arts and Education) Ibb University, Lapai, Niger State.
This paper highlighted the concepts of science and technology and how Africans have reaffirmed their commitments in unknown discoveries and technological breakthrough. The paper explained how Egypt first developed science and technology and how other nations followed suit, particularly Nigerians who have excelled in Europe and the United states, in conventional technological breakthrough. The impending social crisis of military, restiveness and insurgency caused by Boko Haram has been elucidated. It also zeroed in the emergence of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) as consequence of Boko Haram saga which has relatively affected peaceful co-existence in Northern Nigeria. The paper also dwelt in the use of Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) as precautionary measure against youth violence. Conclusion and recommendations were proffered to motivate scientific and technological breakthrough so as to attain a sustainable development in Nigeria.
Keyword: Science and Technology, Militancy, Restiveness, Internally Displace people.
SOCIAL CHANGE THROUGH RAISING CONSCIOUSNESS: THE DILEMMA OF SAMARU PROJECT
EMMANUEL TSADU GANA
Department Of Theatre and Performing Arts, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
Theatre has in recent years been at the forefront of communicating social change within rural communities using several approaches of interventions at community level. However, whether this attempt at communicating change through theatre is often deeply situated within the practices of the people is a question which needs to be answered. This paper therefore, attempts a critique of the Ahmadu Bello University Samaru Project Approach to Theatre for Development in its effort to communicate social change. Subjecting the methodological conception and approach of the Samaru project to in-depth analysis, the paper attempts a scrutiny of the sole objective of the Samaru project with a view to strengthen its approach and recommend a more people centered alternative so as to effectively bring about social change.
Keyword: Change, Raising Consciousness, Dilemma, Samaru Project.
QUESTIONING HEIDEGGER’S QUESTION CONCERNING TECHNOLOGY
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A., PETER OKEY EJIKEME, PH.D, & ANETOH BONAVENTURE CHIKE, PH.D
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State
Philosophers over the years have pondered and continue to reflect on the meaning of technology. However, one can hardly engage in a philosophical reflection on the relationship between the human person and technology without giving a considerable attention to the classic philosophical reflection by Martin Heidegger on technological development. This paper, therefore, focuses on his philosophy of technology, which is his critique of technology, in precisely the way he calls our attention to the ontological and social crisis brought about by modern technology’s new, albeit distorting, ways of ordering the world and hence also the reorganization of our cognitive perception of reality. He, seeing the rise of modern technology’s dominance as tantamount to the sundering of man’s essential relation to being, undertook a questioning of technology in order to trace back a more primary meaning that has been lost and forgotten in technological modernity; while focusing on his lecture note on: The Question Concerning Technology, this paper would go further to question his questioning of technology. This critique notwithstanding, his concept of being, which is at the heart of his philosophy, the relationship between his concept of being and technology, and critique of technology would be discussed so as to position this paper for a better questioning of his questioning of technology. This paper has discovered that his work draws humanity’s attention to is the fact that effort must be made to safeguard the dignity and integrity of the human person. Historically, he is among the first to raise technology to a central concern or philosophy and to see to it a genuine ontological issue.
Keyword: Heidegger, Being, Poiesis, Episteme, Aletheia.
MODERN AFRICAN NOVEL, THE BIBLICAL LAMENTATION OF A CONTINENT: A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE ON AYI KWEI, ARMAH’S THE BEAUTYFUL ONES ARE NOT YET BORN.
- CLEMENT CHUKWUKA IDEGWU AND MERCY AGHOLOR (MRS.)
*Department Of English, School Of Languages, College Of Education, P. M. B. 2090, Agbor, Delta State
**Agbor Model Primary School, Agbor, Ika South Local Government Area, Delta State.
The paper is my genuine attempt to demonstrate that there is a great similitude between the biblical lamentation of the prophets of old and our literary prophets of the now in Africa. The Isaiah’s, the Jeremiah’s, the Elijah’s and the Micah’s of the Christian creed, and the Ayi Kwei Armah’s, the Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s, the Clement C. Idegwu, the Richard Mosagbor’s and the Olu Obafemi of our time are prophets whose call to repentance are, and will remain irresistible for as the biblical prophets changed their societies through their consistent and persistent call to repentance so their archetypes in modern Africa are doing and will continue to do until the continent is devoid of all forms of evil. This is why Ayi Kwei Armah’s unrelenting effort in his condemnation of the unimaginable degree of corruption in Africa is worth our commendation. The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born, his very first novel in his prophetic ministry is our anchor.
Keyword: Modern African Novel, Biblical Lamentation, Critical Perspective
INFORMATION, INFORMATION SHARING AND BUSINESS SUCCESS IN NORTHERN NIGERIA
*UCHE I. CHARLES, PHD. **ESUH OSSAI-IGWE LUCKY, PH.D.
*Department of Public Administration, College of Management and Social Sciences, Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.**Department of Business, College of Management and Social Sciences, Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
The present global economic transformation has indicated that information as well as information sharing is a factor that determines the success of many business activities across the globe. In fact, information has become the most sorted asset among other assets by both large and small organizations including the government. However, despite the current availability of information and the level of information sharing in most developed countries of the world, it is unfortunate that “In Nigeria, much too little of this information is currently available at every level of government. In some cases, the problem can be related to the actual absence of information. In other extreme, the information may exist, but is not disclosed to the public in a regular and clear manner.” and this has affected the success of many enterprises and businesses. This paper investigates the impact of information and information sharing on the business success of cyber café and business centres enterprises in the Northern Nigeria. It proposes that information and information sharing would influence the business success of cyber café and business centers enterprises in the Northern Nigeria. The study conducted a cross-sectional study research design with quantitative questionnaire approach on 130 cyber café and business centers enterprises in the Northern Nigeria, selected through convenient sampling technique due to lack of information among the sample size. Data was analysed using the SmartPLS 2.0 and the overall result revealed that information sharing but not information is significantly related to business success of cyber café and business center in the Northern Nigeria. The study concludes among others that information sharing is vital to the success of cyber café and business center in Northern Nigeria. It also proposes a conceptual framework to examine the success of cyber café and business center businesses with particular attention on information sharing and information.
Keyword: Information, Information sharing, Cyber café, Business centers, Business success, Northern Nigeria
THE CONCEPT DA’AWAH IN ISLAM AND ITS DIVISION AND IMPORTANCE
- NUREINI OMOTOSHO HAMEED
School of Islamic Studies, A. D. Rufafa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This work the concept Da’awah in Islam and its division and importance, contains a succinct effort that explained in brief the dynamic nature of Da’awa methodologies, Definitions, it Divisions, its importance in the community of human raise generally, as provided in the Holly Qur’an and Sunnah, which could be fitted to any Muslim engage him/her self in the task, in conformity with view of scholars in the field, being the divine mission of all prophets of Allah including most companions of the prophet Mohammed (S.A.W).
Keyword: Da’awa, Islam, division, importance, concept.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE LABORATORY INSTRUCTIONAL SPACE UTILIZATION AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF FORTY PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
IBRAHIM BABA FIKA (PHD), & MUSA MALLUM
Department of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
This study determined relationship between science laboratory instructional space utilizations and senior secondary school students’ academic performance in Yobe State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study determined the availability of science laboratory, relationship between science laboratory instructional space (Physics laboratory utilization; Chemistry laboratory utilization; Biology laboratory utilization; Agricultural science laboratory utilization) and senior secondary school students’ academic performance. The study comprised four null hypotheses. The researcher adopted correlation design. The sample size comprised 750 students randomly selected from 11,932 students representing 10%. Three instruments were used in the study: Checklist was used to determine the availability of science laboratory, Questionnaire was used to determine the science laboratory instructional space utilization and proforma was used to determine senior secondary school students’ academic performance. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to determine instructional space utilization and senior secondary school students’ academic performance. Pearson’s Product Moment Coefficient was used to test four hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that, there was significant relationship between science laboratory instructional space (Physics laboratory utilization; Chemistry laboratory utilization; Biology laboratory utilization; Agricultural science laboratory utilization) and senior secondary school students’ academic performance in Yobe State, Nigeria.
Keyword: Science, Laboratory, Instructional Space, Utilization, Academic Performance
STUDENTS’ GENDER, SCHOOL LOCATION AND THEIR EFFECTS ON PERCEIVED DIFFICULT CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGY PRACTICALS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PLATEAU STATE
* FRIDAY JOHN (PH.D) , DASHE, LOHCIT SHENDAM; UDEOZO, AGUSTINA UNOAKU; INUWA GARBA; DAUDA MUSA TIMOTHY; TO’ONTAK DEM’ANI; OLIVER JULIANA CHINYERE; HABILA TABITHA TOMA; IGWE SAMUEL GLORIA; ILIYA GODIYA BAKO; MODEBE AMAKA ANULIKA; EZEKIEL ISHAYA MABWEH; GOTOM JOSHUA SUWA; AND CHIMA LEONARD UCHENNA
Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of students’ gender and school location on their perception of difficult concepts in biology practicals in secondary schools in Plateau State, Nigeria. One thousand three hundred and ninety four (1394) biology students in the secondary schools in Plateau State were involved in the study using researcher-designed questionnaires tagged “Biology Students’ Questionnaire (BSQ)” to collect relevant data. Three research questions were answered while two research hypotheses were tested. The findings of the study showed that the various concepts in biology practicals perceived difficult by the students irrespective of their gender and school location includes- identification, drawing, dissecting, specimen view, magnification, labeling, staining, experiments, field work, models and chart, and observation and classification. The study also revealed that there is a significant difference among the male and female students, in their perception of difficult concepts in biology practicals. The difference is in favour of the male students. There was also a significant difference among students in urban and rural secondary schools in Plateau State. The difference is in the favour of the urban students. The recommendations deriving from the study are that biology teachers should assign equal tasks to the male and female students in biology practicals classes. Biology teachers in rural school should ensure regular biology practicals in their school.
Keyword: Assessment, Economic situation, Religion perspective, Christians, Muslims offering, Tithe, Zakat.
LE TEXTE LITTERAIRE ET SA TRADUCTION : VUE CRITIQUE
College Of Education, Agbor.
Disons pour commencer que la notion de la traduction est une notion très problématique et complèxe en ce qu’elle est bien englobante et éxige un savoir ou une aptitude bien approfondie du traducteur. De même manière, la traduction littéraire se situe à deux niveaux, c’est-à-dire le niveau communicationnelle et le niveau linguistique car tout texte littéraire pour but de communiquer les idées, notions, sentiments et les préoccupations socio-culturelles de l’auteur grâce à ses connaissances et ses baggages linguistiques ou langagers.
Keyword: Texte, Litteraire, Traduction, Vue, Critique
THE ROLE OF VOWEL CHANGE IN FORMING NEW WORDS IN HAUSA
School of Languages, A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau
The paper aimed at showing the contribution of changing of vowel towards the development of new words in Hausa language. four places are cited where changes of vowel are found. These include grade verb (rukunin aikatau), verbal noun (suna xan aikatau), feminine gender (jinsin mace) na plural (jam’i) (Abubakar, 2001). We shall also see how vowel change contributes towards the development of new words in Hausa language. These are; Derivation (tsirar kalma), inflection (kumburar kalma), Duplication (ninke-ninke) and Amendment (gyara). It happens that, it is under ‘amendment’ that, changing of vowel occurs (Abubakar, 2001). We shall also see how some scholars like: Skinner, (1977), Baba (1998), Abraham, (1947), Yule, (2007) and others, are at the same opinion on Hausa verb, while Parson, (1961), is not with them, where as cited many examples to back his views.
Keyword: Contribution, Change, Vowel, Hausa Language, Amendment.
EXPLORING THE ISSUES OF INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM IN NIGERIA: A NARRATIVE REVIEW
*KWASE AUDU DOGARI **WOYOPWA SHEM
Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo, PMB 1167
The practice of investigative journalism is progressively declining as a result of some challenges associated with its practice more especially in the third world countries where corruption, embezzlement, and nepotism are gradually becoming a culture. This ugly scenario has over the years affected the political and economic advancement of Nigeria. Indeed, in many media outfits in Nigeria today, investigative journalism is downplayed because journalists fear the challenges associated with investigative reporting, which includes loss of life, financial constraint, and political interference amongst others. Therefore, this paper x-rays the nature of investigative journalism in Nigeria. Through exploration of secondary data, the paper delineates investigative journalism and also outlines its limitations in the Nigerian society. Furthermore, the paper suggests the sustenance of investigative journalism as a panacea to national development.
Keyword: Investigative journalism, Nigeria, Issues, Media, challenges
CLASS-RELATED URBAN SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS TOWARDS SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND URBAN MARGINALIZATION IN OWERRI, NIGERIA
*VEN. EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOBEREM, ALANEME JUSTINA CHIKA (MRS) AND **CYNTHIA EJIOGU (MRS)
*Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo Ohaji, **Department Of Social Studies, Aifce, (Owerri).
Urban spatial development with reference to urban residential and recreational planning including development have hugely been class – related in outlook since the beginning of colonial era even after independence. It is true to mention that in many cities of Nigeria, Owerri of Imo State inclusive in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria, the issue of urban development planning and policies have simply been skewed in favour of upper-political and middle class. The above have given birth to the division of the city into different Nuclei and suburbs, the better of which have been developed into Government Residential Area for the bourgeoisie, super rich and government functionaries. There are equally other high class areas which have been developed for the members of the middle class of the society majority made up of the elite class members, the technocrats and the industrialists. There are also some other areas or sections of the city ear-marked for members of the lower class, members of the poor, most of these structures are shantified and poorly built and this have given them the hew of shims or shanty – foron. Some of these shanty towns can be found in uratta, Amakohia, Ogbaku, Umuguma, Okuku areas among others. As a result of this arrangement, there have been exclusions and urban marginalization of these areas in terms of access to the best of social amenities and infrastructural facilities. This usually affects urban social relations and security. So, in this study we shall examine the case of class similarities of urban spatial development and use in Owerri and the different implications it shows for social relations with a view to abridging the gap.
Keyword: Implication, Spatial Development, Marginalization, Urban, Exclusion,
EXAMINING THE FUTURE FOR SMALL TOUR OPERATORS AND INDEPENDENT RETAIL TRAVEL AGENTS’ MARKET
*ELDAH EPHRAIM BUBA & **FLORENCE ELMA LAGASI & *SANUSI ABUBAKAR SADIQ
*Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. **Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
This study examines the future for small Tour operators and independent retail travel agents’ markets. With the growth and merger of the big tour operating firms and travel agencies, one will have worry for the small traditional tour operators and travel agencies. This brings the fear of what the future have for them and what they can do to stay in the market. The big tour operators are sophisticated in service provision; they have penetrated big markets and have recognition worldwide. They serve as threat to small tour operators and independent retail market. This study was non-empirical with review of different literature by prominent scholars in the area of the study. Google scholar and science direct were used to get the articles needed for the study. Findings show that the small tour operators’ future is threatened by the merger of the big four into two tour firms, their penetration into the market and their ability to use the internet instead of the traditional face to face meeting is another issue. Other issues are the supplier’s use of the internet to sell their products, therefore boycotting the small tour operators and independent travel agents. It is suggested that more services like tour guiding, internet services and maintenance of the traditional way of providing information to tourists should be used if the small tour operators and travel agents want to remain in the market. It is concluded that the small tour operators and independent travel agents have a future if only they collaborate together providing unique services to niche market and displaying their core assets which is staff expertise to the travel business.