JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
JHSS Vol 10 (4) 2017 ISSN – 2278-8881
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18, Justice Sowemimo Street,
Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro. P.O. BOX 16868, Wuse 3,
Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International
AUGUSTINE’S HERMENEUTIC OF SCRIPTURE (MATTHEW 5:1-12) AND SUFI PRACTICE AGAINST VIOLENCE
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State.
Recent studies reveal that with the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the Arabic speaking Islamic world has developed an interest in European religious culture. The establishment of secular academic institutions in the Arab world has led to the development of studies in areas that transcend religious boundaries, thereby making knowledge about other cultural and religious backgrounds accessible to Arabic readership. The result of these developments is the emergence of abundant literatures written by Saint Augustine, his Confessions among other works, translated into the Arabic language by Arabic scholars from European languages. In the face of the emerging trans-cultural and religious studies and openness to the other’s perspective, this work focuses on Saint Augustine’s reading and interpretation of the Christian scripture with a view of seeing how it can enhance the Sufi practice against violence. This work has proved, not just that Saint Augustine’s hermeneutic of scripture can influence positively the Sufi practice against violence, but has indicated very strongly that world religions can be better if they are open to one another.
Keyword: Augustine, Sufi, Hermeneutic, Scripture, Gospel of Matthew, Violence.
L’ENGAGEMENT LITTERAIRE DES ROMANCIERS AFRICAINS ET MONGO BETI EN AFRIQUE CONTEMPORAINE
MAGNUS, TERNA ATE, Ph.D
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Benue State University, Makurdi
L’écrivain d’avant et d’après les indépendances est resté politiquement et socialement engagé en mettant ses œuvres au service des causes politiques et sociales. Selon Jean Paul Sartre, cet engagement s’impose à tout écrivain et justifier toute activité littéraire. Sartre insiste donc sur le fait que l’écrivain embrasse son époque pour être engagé : puisque l’écrivain n’a aucun moyen de s’évader, nous voulons qu’il embrasse étroitement son époque ; elle est sa chance unique. Elle est faite pour lui et il est fait pour elle. Le critique et romancier nigérian Chinua Achebe explique, lui aussi, le rôle de l’écrivain qui doit définir son engagement. Selon Achebe, l’écrivain s’engage lorsqu’il reconnaît son rôle d’éduquer et sensibiliser les masses, de marcher en avant des masses, le flambeau à la main : The writer cannot be excused from the task of re-education and regeneration that must be done. In fact, he should march right in front. For he is after all – as Ezekiel Mphalele says in his African Image – the sensitive point in his community. Beti dans sa critique qu’il fait de L’enfant noir de Camara Layé, montre ce qu’il attend de l’écrivain africain. Il reproche au romancier guinéen de fuir la ” réalité ” de la société coloniale africaine de l’époque pour se réfugier dans l’écriture d’un roman pittoresque et exotique qui semble ignorer toute la réalité sordide de la colonisation. Pour lui donc, s’engager c’est s’adresser à la situation de l’homme dans la société avec tout ce que cette société comporte d’inhumain ou de déprimant. Pour l’africain, selon le critique Kalu Uka, l’engagement doit comporter l’action politique : it must mean, and go on meaning, political awareness. So acutely vital is the central place of politics that no self-respecting thinker can ignore it. It must be an ever present consciousness.
Keyword: leadership, politicians, politics, development, poverty.
THE PROS AND CONS OF CITIZEN JOURNALISM PRACTICE IN NIGERIA: A NARRATIVE REVIEW
OBERIRI DESTINY APUKE & KWASE AUDU DOGARI
Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo, P.M.B 1167, Nigeria.
This study examines the pros and cons of citizen journalism practice in Nigeria. A narrative literature review was employed as the method of analysis. Data sources included web of science and Google scholar. The study revealed that citizen journalism offers professional and non-professional journalists alike opportunities to be active participants in news content creation. The study further established that in as much as citizen journalism has no editors (gatekeepers) to verify the truth on news and information disseminated, it, therefore, has no credibility and authenticity source because, in the world of endless information, credibility is an essential ingredient for information seekers. To curtail some of the issues affecting citizen journalism/participation, the study recommends that participants (citizen journalists) should try as much as possible to ensure that their news and information are edited by professionals before they are published.
Keyword: Citizen Journalism, Gatekeepers, Credibility, Media professionals, Information.
OUR OCEAN: OUR FUTURE
DR JOSEF BAMIDELE BOLARINWA (FFS)
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure
The global ocean colloquially called the Sea is a body of saline water composed much of a planet,s hydrosphere covering an area of about 361 million km2 (71% of the hydrosphere). It is characterized by a salinity of 35 ppt, density of 1.025g/ml at temperature of 4oC. The paper enumerates the immense potential of the oceans and all the ‘treasures’ hidden inside the ocean. The ocean is one of the earth,s most valuable natural resources providing food on form of finfish, shellfish and aquatic weeds. Oceans are important in shipping, transportation and mining(being a richer source of diamonds, crude oil, gravels salt and key minerals than the land). It is a treasured source of recreation and ecotourism. The rich potential of oceans in tourism cannot be over amplified . Because human use of the marine environment must be made sustainable, the rich ichthyofauna resources of Nigerian marine waters and the various challenges facing the aquatic ecosystem which include pollution, climate change and high anthropogenic pressure were highlighted. The author also stressed the need for conservation in Nigerian territorial waters which have been abused for years. It has become a dumping ground for all kinds of pollutants, industrial wastes, human wastes, agricultural wastes, oil spills and so on especially in the coastal waters of the country, hence the need for constant monitoring of our productive coastal water. A call is being made for better funding of research on biomass estimate, population dynamics, surveillance studies by the government to determine the extent of loss of biodiversity due to years of abuse of the oceans. We need the ocean, the ocean need us too. We should therefore protect the ocean as if our lives depend on it. It actually does
Keyword: Global, Future, Potential, Temperature, Ocean.
PROPOSAL ON ETHNO-RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMNET IN NOTHERN NIGERIA
ABDULLLAHI D. MAMMAN
Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B 005 Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria
This paper seeks to explore ethno-religious conflict in northern Nigeria, A nation with over 250 ethnics groups, distributed among the two major religion (Islam & Christianity). The study attempt to find out nature, causes, dynamics, effects of ethno-religious uprising in Nigeria. This paper highlights how ethnicity and religion have led to lack of unity and development and material resources therein. Suggestion, recommendations and strategies for the control of this social menace, which is fast becoming a permanent feature of identifying Nigeria with, were made.
Keyword: Ethno-religious, development menace, explore.
THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL INFLEUNCE AND POLITICS OF MANAGING IN-MIGRANTS IN AFRICA: THE NIGERIAN EXAMPLE
ALANEME JUSTINA CHIKA (MRS), EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOMEREM (VEN) AND IHEANACHO ANTHONY UCHENNA (MR)
Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, P.M.B. 1472, Owerri, Nigeria
Several factors the world over have served as push factors for people leaving their original place(s) of residence. Such factors have among others included wars, natural disasters as earthquakes. The problem of migration has been an age long issue as far as man is concerned. By the above, we imply people forced to another place of residence and settlement away from where they have originally dominated or lived. In the western countries the issues of migration and refugee have always dominated the paper headlines as people from one place of residence have been pushed to another for given reasons. The work is aimed at x-raying the problem of refugee management in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular and the roles played by African leaders and the superpowers which pre-exposed their states for the exploitation of the space by the white – Loris. The work adopted given empirical methods in its data collection which included oral interviews, samples and secondary sources as textbooks and journals. The work concluded with the scholar making tangible suggestions on how to manage and effectively too the problem of refugee in Nigeria.
Keyword: Politics, Managing, External, Influence, Impact
SMOKE AND STENCH OF OIL, OUR ETERNAL PAINS: A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE ON SOPHIA OBI’S TEARS AN A BASKET
*CLEMENT CHUKWUKA IDEGWU Ph.D **DANIEL IDEGWU
*Department Of English, School Of Langauges, College Of Education, P.M.B. 2090, Agbor, Delta State, Nigeria. **Department of Political Science, School of Arts and Social Sciences, College Of Education, Agbor, Delta State, Ngeria.
Globalization which is of inestimable value has become something no writer worth his or her salt will ever ignore. Currently, Africa writers like their counterparts in developing or third world countries have placed more premium on freedom and justice, ecology and environmental issues, individual human rights and the unending search for the meaning and place of self in a grievously fragmented and tortuous socio-political and bastardized world. A new and inevitable sensibility seems to have engulfed the entire world: developed, developing and underdeveloped countries of the world. There is a new wave of revival aimed at putting an end to political corruption, class and economic marginalization, deliberate attempts to underdeveloped certain regions despite their monumental contributions to the economic growth of the nation among other things. These are issues which when over looked could lead to an extreme disruption of world peace and harmony. Nigerian writers in tune with the prevailing concern of literary artists all over the world are devoting their energy, especially in recent times to the exploration, of the basic problems confronting humanity, anywhere in the globalized village called world. This article, therefore, is our genuine attempt to show that Nigerian writers since 1980 have been parts of the world writers collective projection of images in words and deeds deliberately out to reveal our concept of a decent and harmonious society free from all forms of evils and the chaos of life. It is intended to make Nigerian leaders to remember that if the goose that lays the golden egg is destroyed, even the exploiters will be destroyed. Above all it is intended to make our leaders act right in order for the led to follow suit. Sophia Obi’s Tears in a Basket, a journey in poetry will serve as our major reference point.
Keyword: Perspectve, Smoke, External, Critical, Sophia.
LE LITTERATURE ET LES CRISES ECONOMIQUES GLOBALES
College Of Education, Agbor.
Cet article porte sur la littérature et les crises économiques globales. Il est divisé en trois parties y compris l’introduction, relations entre la littérature et les crises économiques globales et la conclusion. Dans l’introduction nous avons essayé de donner un résumé global sur la littérature et aussi tenté quelques définitions des termes ou mot dés. La deuxième partie parle des liens ou relations entre la littérature et les crises économiques globales – c’est-à-dire les rôles que peut jouer la littérature face à ces crises. La conclusion qui en guise d’un petit résume et les références.
Keyword: Littérature, Les, Crises, Economiques, Globales
COMMUNICATION AS A TOOL FOR ORGANISATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA
*TIJANI, SULEMAN OLATUNJI **OLOYEDE K. A. **OKONOFUA S.A.
*Department Of Humanities & Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State. **Department Of Marketing, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.
Communication system occupies a centre stage in an organisation’s productivity in Nigeria. It involves the art of transmitting the right information in such a way that the receiver understands. Also, it is a powerful tool for effective and smooth functioning of the management and workers; communication services are the cornerstone for the development process of the organisation. We recommend that communication should be taken and treated as top priority in any organisation and that there should be proper documentation of communication made within and outside the organisation; management of organisations should ensure free flow of information in channels of communication, and prevent hindrances to effective communication in an organisation; that management should create an atmosphere that is conducive for passing information in the system.
Keyword: leadership, politicians, politics, development, poverty.
THE ROLES OF NON-AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL WOMEN IN PARTS OF ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE
FATIMA ILIYASU MAAJI
Department of Geography, Federal College of Education,Zaria
In most African countries, agriculture remains the main employer of the majority of the labour force. However, rural households that rely solely on agriculture for their livelihoods are very few. There is widespread multi employment structure in rural areas where by various form of livelihood activities are engaged by the rural dwellers. Non-agricultural activities can influence the rural economy through various channels such as reduction of pressure on demand for land in land deficit areas among others. Consequently, non-agricultural activities can contribute to breaking the vicious cycle of poverty extensive cultivation and ecological deterioration. The aim of this research is to examine the roles of non-agricultural activities in economic empowerment of rural women in the study area and to achieve the aim, the following objectives will be followed: identify the non-farm activities engaged in by rural women in the study area, examine the contributions of non-farm activities to income of rural women in the study area and establish difference in income of women based on their participation in non-farm employment in the study area. The data used for this research was collected through the use of structured questionnaire and interview. The questionnaires were administered to rural dwellers while structured interview was employed for those who cannot read and write among the villagers. The research revealed that women have relatively performed very well in non-agricultural activities in Dambo rural settlement of Zaria Local Government Area. It was recommended thatGovernment and all other relevant stakeholders should support legislation, policies and programmes that strengthen the positive effect of globalization on the empowerment of rural women.
Keyword: Rural, non-farm activities, women and income
AN APPRAISAL OF THE COMUNICATION STRATEGIES OF THE MILLENIIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN COMBATING HIV/AIDS IN JALINGO METROPOLIS
TORDUE SIMON TARGEMA AND HEBREWS ISAAC WUBON
Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, PMB 1167, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
This study appraises the communication strategies of the MDGs for combating HIV/AIDS within Jalingo metropolis. It explores the various channels of communication employed by the agency to control the spread of the disease within Jalingo metropolis with the intention to ascertain the most preferred or most effective channels of communication for achieving behavior change towards preventing HIV/AIDS. Anchored on McGuire’s Information Processing Theory, the study employs survey approach to administer questionnaire on 150 people, randomly selected within Jalingo metropolis. Residents of same who comprises the population for the study are about 118,000. The study discovers that radio campaign/messages, TV campaign /messages, Newspaper/Magazine reports/messages, use of community leaders, peer educators, use of posters and fliers, and conferences/seminars are some of the communication tools used by MDGs to create awareness on HIV/AIDS within Jalingo metropolis. Awareness/knowledge on HIV/AIDS as well as risky behaviours that help in spreading the disease is high among the residents, which implies that the communication tools are effective in achieving the desired purpose. Since awareness about the epidemic has been effectively created within the study area, the study recommends a shift from awareness creation to behavior change campaign which will help to crusade against the risky behaviours that can transmit the disease. There is also the need to extend the study to the rural areas so as to ascertain the overall impact of the communication strategies of the MDGs initiative in combating HIV/AIDS.
Keyword: Appraisal, Communication strategies, MDGs, HIV/AIDS, Jalingo metropolis.
STUDY ON POVERTY AND THE NIGERIAN ENVIRONMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
1 NJOSI JUSTINA ANWILIKA & 2 ADEBOWALE A.O.J
1 Department Of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Petroleum Training Institute, P.M.B 20 Effurun – Warri, Delta State, Nigeria. 2 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Geosciences, Petroleum Training Institute, P.M.B 20 Effurun – Warri, Delta State, Nigeria.
Nigeria has long been facing severe poverty challenges for decades. The root causes of poverty in the country in relation to the Nigerian environment include, environmental degradation, population growth, unequal land distribution, excessive resources consumption, fixed natural resources of crude oil coal and goal, unemployment, jobs loss, uneven development, deficit of infrastructural facilities insecurity, terms of trade, inflation environmentally blind economics. The paper however examines the effects and implications of poverty on the Nigerian environment and possible ways of alleviating poverty challenges affecting the socio-economic well being and development of citizens welfare in Nigeria. Nigeria has been rated one of the poorest countries in the world and so widespread poverty abounds even in the midst of abundant resources. Thus poverty has been identified as the principle driving force behind environmental degradation and miss management of our natural abundant resources in Nigeria. Also, recommendations are suggested on how to curb the phenomenon of poverty and its resultant effects on the Nigerian environment for sustainable development.
Keyword: Poverty Effects, Nigerian Environment and Sustainable Development.
TITBITS ON GENDER DISCOURSE
ODEKUNBI, SUNDAY KEHINDE & SHITU, M.A.
Eacoed, Oyo, Lanlate Campus
The authors join other feminist scholars of the world in the clarion call for the resistance of sexism in English. Sexism in English is the use of English in a way that belittles, demeans or derogates a gender, particularly the female gender. The authors, therefore, through extensive reading of the existing works on gender, affirm the existence of sexism in English giving a catalogue of instances in both spoken and written English and vigorously advocate for the use of gender-fair language which necessitates their highlighting the efforts that have been made rid the language of sexism. They finally attempt a discussion of the two major approaches to gender discourse before concluding the paper. It is our belief that the paper will be of immense help to the curriculum planners, textbooks writers and English language examiners.
Keyword: Feminists, English, sexism and gender-fair language