JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE & AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
June, 2017 Vol. 9 No. 8
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
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EXTENSION SERVICES AND ARTISANAL FISHING IN OGU/BOLO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE
CHIEDUKO, F. L AND HARRY, A.T
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics/Extension, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
This research work was carried out in Ogu/Bolo Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State to ascertain extension services on artisanal fishermen and women in the area. A sample size of 140 artisanal fishers and structured questionnaire were used for the study. The data were analyzed using frequency counts, mean and percentage while T-test was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 probability level. The results showed that majority (57.14%) of the artisanal fishers were married while few (28.57%) were single while those within the age range of 31-40years were 42.86% while those within 21-30years were 28.57%. The experienced farmers (31-40years) and (21-30years) constitute 32.14% and 28.57% respectively of the entire population. Fishers with secondary education as the highest qualification were 42.86% while those with HND/DEGREE qualification were 21.43%. In terms of household size, 50% of the respondents had 6-10 persons per household, 28.57% had 1-5 persons per household while those with above 10 persons per household were 21.43%. Respondents source of production information were mainly from friends/relations (3.14) and extension workers (3.00). The respondents were aware of the various technologies disseminated to them. The respondents agreed to have benefited from the extension services disseminated to them except non access to micro credit facilities. Constraints from the finding were that technologies were complex to comprehend and utilize, there was high cost of inputs, insufficient information and among others. It was recommended that extension packages that revolve around the information needs of artisanal fishers and micro credit facilities should be provided to artisanal fishers to enhance their access to needed information and modern fishing technologies.
Keyword: Extension Services, Artisanal Fishing, Ogu/Bolo, Fishers.
INFLUENCE OF POULTRY MANURE ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF WATERMELON IN BAUCHI ENVIRONMENT.
A.I. ABUBAKAR* Y. HARUNA* GARBA, A**, GRACE, C* AND BARNABAS, B.*
*Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. **Department of Forestry Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
A Field experiments was conducted in 2016 cropping seasons at the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi demonstration farm to evaluate the response of watermelon to five different rates of poultry manure. The study was carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications The treatments were 0, 3, 5, tons of poultry manure per hectare, while the parameters investigated were vine length, number of leaves per plant, number of branches per plant, Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), and means were separated using LSD. The results of the study showed that plants that received highest rate of poultry manure (5 tons/ha) were superior in the parameters tested with vine length of 196.9 cm at 8 weeks, mean number of leaves of 67.4 , number of branches/plant of 7.6, and mean number of fruit of 145,043 /ha). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that farmers in the study area apply 5 ton/ha of poultry manure for increased growth and yield of watermelon. It is recommended that more research should be conducted with higher quantities of manure in order to find out the optimum level of application for the study area.
Keyword: Extension Services, Artisanal Fishing, Ogu/Bolo, Fishers.
THE EFFECT OF INSECTICIDE AND AIRTIGHT STORAGE O> THE STORABILITY OF COWPEA IN MAIDUGURI
Head of Department Agricultural Engineering, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri
This experiment was carried out in Maiduguri (2005) to determine the period f airtight storage and pesticide treatment that would best protect cowpea against the infestation of Callosobrucus maculates. These period f airtight storage condition 4, 6, and 8 weeks and 2 types of storage pesticide (pepper powder, phostoxin and a control) were factorially combine. Data were collected on weight loss, egg count, and number of died insects. The number of bored seed was significantly (p=0.05). phostoxin gave the best result followed by grounded pepper. Egg laid (ovipositio) was not significantly (p=0.05) between ground pepper and control. While oviposition was lowest with phostoxin, while egg laid was highest at 8 weeks but not significantly difference between 4 and 6 weeks. The highest insect count was recorded fron no pesticide application, while phostoxin gave the lowest insect count at 8 weeks followed by pepper at 8 weeks. The highest germination percentage was recorded from phostoxin and not significantly difference between 6 and 8 weeks. The interaction of airtight storage and chemical treatment is very effective. The combination of airtight storage condition with or without suitable pesticide will effectively control Callosobruchus maculates, in cowpea.
Keyword: Cowpea, Insecticide, Storability, Airtight, Storage.
POSSIBILITY OF USING DRIP GIVING SET AS SUBSTITUTE TO EMITTERS AND ITS PERFORMANCE IN DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM COMPONENTS
SHERIFF, B.G., MUSTAPHA, A.B., BUNU, M. AND BABA-MUSAMI, B.
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
The study evaluated the performance of an affordable irrigation system using locally made emitters. Three different plots were used, each plot comprises of three laterals, eighteen emitters and plastic reservoir. A Christiansen uniformity coefficient formula was used to evaluate the performance of the emitters. An encouraging result has yielded in comparison with ASAE standards widely accepted in global drip irrigation practice. Values of uniformity coefficient of 84.52%, 78.18%, 91.75 %, and with its corresponding average flow rate of 0.0062, 0.0055 and 0.0097L/min. respectively were recorded from the three plots. Both the Christiansen Uniformity coefficient and the Application rate fall within the acceptable limits for micro irrigation system design as compared to ASAE standards.
Keyword: Application rate, Drip giving set, Drip irrigation, Emitter and Uniformity coefficient
ON THE DATA DISPERSION AND DATA PRECISION OF DETERMINISTIC INTERACTING AGRICULTURAL DATA
*ALAPUYE GBOLU ELEKI, **ENU-OBARI N. EKAKA-A, & **A. O. NWAOBURU,
*Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Port Harcourt Polytechnic, Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Nigeria **Department of Mathematics, Rivers State University, Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
The theory and application of agricultural data depend on a sound statistical reasoning of which data dispersion and data precision are no exception. In this context, we have utilized a computational approach to determine the extent of data dispersion and data precision of deterministic interacting agricultural data. The key contributions of this research that we have not seen elsewhere have been presented and discussed in this paper.
Keyword: Dispersion, Precision, Deterministic, Interacting, Agricultural.
AWARENESS ON THE OCCURRENCES OF DROUGHT AND ITS EFFECTS ON CROPS IN GANYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ADAMAWA STATE NIGERIA
*EMMANUEL DANIEL SINI **SOLOMON UDOH UMAH *LADI YAKUBU TARIBUKA
*Department of Basic Science, Adamawa State College of Agriculture Ganye. **Department of Urban and Regional Planing, Federal Polytechnic Mubi
The study assessed the awareness on the occurrences of drought and its effect on crops in Ganye local government area Adamawa state. A random sampling technique was used to select 100 experience farmers from 10 wards in Ganye local government area, primary data collected from the farmers include background information of the farmers such as age, gender and educational qualification as well as the awareness on the occurrences of drought. Majority of the farmers in the local government areas are aware of the occurrences of drought and reported that an occurrence of drought has affected their crops in recent years. The effect identify include: low yield of crops, wilting of crops which causes multiple planting, shortage of water and biomass for animals due to shortage of rainfall. The farmers are making effort to diversify their crops by use of drought tolerant and early maturing crops varieties and timing of rainfall in other to boost low yield of crops reported by the farmers like beans, sorghum and rice. They however lack knowledge on timing of rainfall and crop diversification especially in typical rural areas.
Keyword: farmers, awareness, occurrences of drought and Ganye local government area.
CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS AND ECONOMICS OF BROILER PRODUCTION FED TWO TYPES EACH OF MAIZE, MILLET AND SORGHUM AS ENERGY SOURCES.
SA’IDU, I*1, MBAP, S.T.2, EGBO, M.L.2, DOMA, U.D2.
1Bauchi State College of Agriculture, Bauchi, Department of Animal Production technology. 2Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal Production Programme.
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the carcass characteristics and economic of broiler production feddifferent energy source based diets. One hundred and eighty Anak 2000 broilers chicks were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments. Labelled as diet 1,2,3,4,5 and 6 with yellow maize, white maize, dauro millet, pearl millet, white sorghum and red sorghum. Thirty broilers were allotted to each treatment with ten birds per replicate in a complete randomised design.Carcass characteristics measure were live weight (1.80 – 1.93kg), plucked weight (1.53 – 1.70kg), carcass weight (1.23 – 1.30kg) Dressing % (66.50 – 70.87) Gizzard% (2.00 – 2.03); Liver % (1.57 – 1.87), Heart % (0.40 – 0.53) Abdominal fat % (1.50 – 1.97) Kidney % (0.33 – 0.43) Lungs % (0.53 – 0.73) and Pancrease % (0.30 – 0.47) were statistically similar. Feeds cost /kg, total feed cost (kg) and total weight gain (kg). Also follow the same pattern of non-statistical difference, the result shows that millet or sorghum could replace maize without compromising production and they are less expensive and less demanded as compared to maize. This will alleviate the problem of scarcity and reduce the high competition for maize between man and poultry.
Keyword: broilers; maize; millet; sorghum; energy.
PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERIZATION OF LOCAL CHICKEN PRODUCTION IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
KPEREGBEYI J. I1 AND ORHERUATA, A. M2
1 Department of Agricultural Technology, School of Agriculture, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro 2 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City.
This study was carried out using field data to qualitatively characterize local chicken under traditional system in Delta State. Traits considered were plumage colour, comb colour, wattle colour, earlobe colour, eye colour and shank colour respectively. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis to determine percentage distributions of the traits. Results obtained showed a percentage distribution of 68 %,, 40 % and 41 % for red comb colour, red earlobe colour and yellow shank colour, respectively. Twelve (12) plumage colour variants were observed with black and brown predominating with 17 % and 16 %, respectively. The white and yellow colours were the least and constituted 1 % of the population. Two comb colour variants were identified among the local chickens. Sixty – eight (68 %) of the comb colour were red.
Keyword: Qualitative trait, local chicken, plumage, population, traditional system.
GROWTH AND YIELD OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.) AS INFLUENCE BY INTRA-ROW SPACING
1CHIMDI, G. O. AND 2JIBRIN, M. S.
1Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology, Bauchi State College of Agriculture
Appropriate agronomic practices is key to a successful crop production and one of such is optimum plant population. The present study was carried out to study the effect of intra-row on the growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Three intra-row spacing of 10 cm, 15 cm and 20 cm that were laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replication with a plot size of 2 m2. Data on growth and yield parameter (number of leaves per plant, plant height (cm) and bulb weight (g)) were considered. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference (LSD) was used to separates the means using SAS. Data were taken starting from 2 weeks after sowing (WAS) and all the data were taken at 2 weeks interval up to harvest. Increased intra-row spacing was observed to significantly favoured the parameters measured. The intra-row spacing of 20 cm was observed to record highest number of leaves, tallest plants at various growth stages and heaviest bulb weight (109.86 g).
Keyword: Growth, Influence, Intra-Row, Yield, Spacing.
TESTING FOR THE TYPE OF STABILITY UNDERGOING CHANGING EXPERIMENTAL TIME
JAMES GALADIMA1 AND E. N. EKAKA-A2
1Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Natural Science, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria. 2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
The formidable problem of stability for a two-dimensional dynamical system due to a variation of the experimental time in the differential equation qualitative interpretation has been presented and analysed using a Matlab ODE45 numerical scheme. This present numerical simulation analysis has predicted three instances of unstable steady-state solutions and a dominant scenario of a stable unique positive co-existence steady-state solution in the absence of a semi-stochastic variation of the deterministic model parameter values. This novel contribution to knowledge that we have not been seen elsewhere are presented and discussed in this paper.
Keyword: Changing, Testing, Experimental, Stability, Time.
THE NIGERIAN SMALL HOLDER FARMER AND THE DUAL NEEDS FOR LAND AND SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY
AKWARANDU K. E1., ALKALI U. U1., AMSHI A. M1, ALABI A. S2., AND AKWARANDU A, S3.
1Forestry Technology Department, Yobe State College of Agriculture, Gujba, PMB 1104, Damaturu Post Office. 2Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora. 3Toun Akwarandu & Co. Legal Practitioners, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Majority of the people in Nigeria depend on arable farming and animal husbandry for their livelihood. Small scale farming has been discovered to be the mainstay of Nigerian agricultural system and a major contributor to the nation’s gross national income. However, characterizing this practice of agriculture is the continuous quest for arable, fertile land for optimum harvest under the use of crude or semi-mechanized technologies, a practice which has contributed to increasingly reducing the per-capita land and increasing the rate of deforestation, bringing with it attendant negative environmental consequences every year in the country. The various characteristics and effects of small-holder farming vis-à-vis prevailing land ownership and acquisition patterns in Nigeria were reviewed. These characteristics, most of which have been seen to be limitations in the drive towards food sufficiency and industrial development, especially in the underdeveloped and developing countries, were explained. Possible solutions to these limitations were suggested and various environmental, economic and industrial advantages of adopting these solutions were outlined.
Keyword: Extension Services, Artisanal Fishing, Ogu/Bolo, Fishers.