JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (JASD)
June, 2017 Vol. 9 No. 7
Hummingbird Publications and Research International,
Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18, Justice Sowemimo Street,
Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro. P.O. BOX 16868, Wuse 3,
Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International
PERCEIVED IMPACT OF FOOD NUTRITION ON RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF NURSES AND MIDWIVES IN NIGER STATE.
MOHAMMED, M.S. (Ph.D)
Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State.
This study examined the impact of food nutrition and consumption on active participation in recreational activities among student’s nurses and midwives in Niger State. The study utilized data obtained from stratified random sampling technique to select schools while a multi-stage sampling method was used to select the respondents. A total sample of 200 respondents were used (including married and unmarried). An instrument tagged “Impact of Food Nutrition on Active Participation in Recreational Activities” (IFNAPRA) was validated by two experts and a test re-test method was used to obtain reliability of 0.88, which was found suitable for the study. Two hypotheses were tested using a t-test statistical method. The results obtained shows that food nutrition (food values) can impact on active participation in recreational activities. In conclusion, recommendations were proffered among which is consumption of regular food nutrients at the appropriate times and on daily basis in addition to ensuring health education interventions so as to check hygiene and eating pattern especially among the students as these can impact on recreational activities for overall development.
Keyword: Food, Food nutrition, Recreation, Recreational activities, Impact.
GROWTH AND YIELD OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.) AS INFLUENCE BY INTRA-ROW SPACING
1CHIMDI, G. O. AND 2JIBRIN, M. S.
1Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology, Bauchi State College of Agriculture
Appropriate agronomic practices is key to a successful crop production and one of such is optimum plant population. The present study was carried out to study the effect of intra-row on the growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Three intra-row spacing of 10 cm, 15 cm and 20 cm that were laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replication with a plot size of 2 m2. Data on growth and yield parameter (number of leaves per plant, plant height (cm) and bulb weight (g)) were considered. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference (LSD) was used to separates the means using SAS. Data were taken starting from 2 weeks after sowing (WAS) and all the data were taken at 2 weeks interval up to harvest. Increased intra-row spacing was observed to significantly favoured the parameters measured. The intra-row spacing of 20 cm was observed to record highest number of leaves, tallest plants at various growth stages and heaviest bulb weight (109.86 g).
Keyword: Intra-row spacing, onion, growth and yield
APPLICATION OF QUEUING THEORY TO TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK IN MTN CONNECTS CENTER JOS
1HAMISU IDI & 2IDRISSA DJIBO
1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This study reviewed the Application of queuing theory to telecommunication network, a case study MTN connect center. The data used in this research is primary in nature and the method of collection is “Direct Observation”. The purpose of the research was to test whether the arrival of customers to the connect center follows a poison distribution, the service time of customers follows an exponential distribution, the probability of having no customer in the queue, average number of customers to be served, the average waiting time of a customer, the average number of customers in the system and the average time a customer spend on the queue. The significance of this research is to come up with a graphical view of the queue situation of this center and attempt to come up with a good solution that may improve the cycle time spent by customers at the center. From the analysis, it was found that the system is 78percent idle which indicates a steady system with no congestion. Thus there is need for authorities to maintain their service delivery and create more awareness on the importance of welcome back, sim back up etc.
Keyword: Photovoltaic System, Design, Specifications, sizing and techniques.
SNACK CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND ANTHROPOMETRIC STATUS OF UNDERGRADUATE IN BAUCHI STATE (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BAUCHI)
SAMUEL .O. EMMANUEL1, ADEBUSOYE MICHAEL SUNDAY2, ADEOSUN.F.FLORENCE2 GARBA MARYAM WADA2
1Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P. M. B. 0231, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P. M. B. 0231, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Snacks are a portion of food often smaller than a regular meal generally eaten between meals. The objective of the study was to evaluate the snack consumption pattern and anthropometric status of undergraduate in Bauchi State. The snacking pattern was evaluated with questionnaire while dietary data was collected by food frequency questionnaire. A total of 200 adolescents’ age 16-30 years old from Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.. Results showed that distribution of respondents ranges from 16-28 yeears,41.0% of the respondents obtained 5,001-10,000.The most common meal and snacking pattern (3M+1S) was 29.0% while 3% practiced (3M+3S) were Obese.However,8% practiced (3M+1S) were within age 16-20 while those practiced (> 2M + 0,1S) have 21.22 + 48.20. It was revealed that no appreciable numbers of higher institutions students consume snack foods and though, snack foods may have low nutritional value, they were not an important independent determinant of weight gain among higher institution students. Therefore educational campaigns and behavioral change communication on healthy nutrition and lifestyles among young people are hereby advocated.
Keyword: Anthropometrics status, snack consumption pattern, undergraduate
EFFECT OF STORAGE OF MORINGA OLEIFERA SEED POWDER ON ITS COAGULATION AND DISINFECTION EFFICIENCIES IN WATER TREATMENT
- M. AHMAD AND A. S. DALHATU
Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Moringa oleifera seeds is one of the alternative natural coagulants for the clarification of turbid river water that contains active agents with excellent coagulant activity. This study investigates the influence of storage of M. oleifera seed powder on its turbidity removal and disinfection efficiencies in river water. Two portions of M. oleifera powder extract stored indoor and outdoor was used to coagulate medium turbid (50 – 150 NTU) raw water at 1 day, 1, 3 and 6 months storage periods, respectively. Three stock solutions of M. oleifera seed powder using 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 % concentrations each were used to coagulate 1000 mL of the medium turbid raw water. Results show that M. oleifera seed powder stored indoor attained turbidity efficiency of 100% at 1-month storage period using 320 mg/L concentration, while outdoor stored powder attained removal efficiency of 99.75 % at 1 day, using 320 mg/L concentration. Using the respective optimum dose of the coagulant, the disinfection efficiency for indoor storage is 82.5 % total coliform and 100% faecal coliform, and outdoor storage is 41.7 % total coliform and 100 % faecal coliform were attained at 1-month and 1 day, respectively at optimum coagulation dose.
Keyword: Moringa Oleifera, Seed Powder, Coagulation, Efficiencies and Disinfection
THE PHILOSOPHICAL CANONS OF AFRICAN INDIGENOUS EDUCATION
KANU, IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, Ph.D
Augustinian Institute, Makurdi, Nigeria
African traditional education was a model of teaching and learning that was employed in pre-colonial Africa for the oral transmission of knowledge from one generation to another, which preserved the socio-cultural structures of society. The burden of this research is to explore the meaning and nature of the African indigenous education within the context of the nature of the human person as a basis for education. It further attended to questions that boarder on the purpose and philosophical canons of African traditional education. The method employed in this research is the indigenous holistic method; this method is very important as the African indigenous education is holistic in nature. The research submits that before the advent of colonial masters and missionaries to Africa, the African people had a system of education which attended to the basic needs of the time, and which, although may be ancient, still has great relevance for the education in the 21st century.
Keyword: Philosophy, education, African, Traditional, Indigenous, principles.
PHYSIOCHEMICAL ASSESSMENT OF WELL WATER QUALITY IN BENCO AREA OF RAFIN ZURFI, BAUCHI, BAUCHI STATE.
J.O.ULOKO1 AND A. M. MALEKA1
Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
This research work covers some selected well water which are collected using sterilized plastic bottles from five wells in Benco area of Rafin Zurfi, Bauchi state. Laboratory analyses of the sample includes parameters such as temperature, taste, odour, colour, pH, turbidity, iron, lead, nitrate, and was carried out in the Public Heath Labouratory of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU) Bauchi State, using standard procedures in line with World Health Organization (WHO) and National Agency for Food and Drug Control of Nigeria (NAFDAC) standards. The results revealed that some of the parameters examined did not fall within the permissible limits of W.H.O and NAFDAC. There was no trace of lead in all the samples and the SO4 met the limits required, for turbidity four samples fell within the required limit, the PH values ranges between 7.87-8.5 which falls within the WHO and NAFDAC limits, but the total dissolved solid (TDS) did not meet the WHO and NAFDAC standards, the sodium (Na), Iron (fe), lead (Pb) of all samples fell within the limits of the WHO and NAFDAC. The study revealed that the water in the area is not suitable for drinking, except if well treated but can be used for other domestic and agricultural purposes.
Keyword: Well Water sample, Analysis, WHO, NAFDAC and Treatment.
THE NIGERIAN SMALL HOLDER FARMER AND THE DUAL NEEDS FOR LAND AND SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY
AKWARANDU K. E1., ALKALI U. U1., AMSHI A. M1, ALABI A. S2., AND AKWARANDU A, S3.
1Forestry Technology Department, Yobe State College of Agriculture, Gujba, PMB 1104, Damaturu Post Office. 2Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora. 3Toun Akwarandu & Co. Legal Practitioners, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Majority of the people in Nigeria depend on arable farming and animal husbandry for their livelihood. Small scale farming has been discovered to be the mainstay of Nigerian agricultural system and a major contributor to the nation’s gross national income. However, characterizing this practice of agriculture is the continuous quest for arable, fertile land for optimum harvest under the use of crude or semi-mechanized technologies, a practice which has contributed to increasingly reducing the per-capita land and increasing the rate of deforestation, bringing with it attendant negative environmental consequences every year in the country. The various characteristics and effects of small-holder farming vis-à-vis prevailing land ownership and acquisition patterns in Nigeria were reviewed. These characteristics, most of which have been seen to be limitations in the drive towards food sufficiency and industrial development, especially in the underdeveloped and developing countries, were explained. Possible solutions to these limitations were suggested and various environmental, economic and industrial advantages of adopting these solutions were outlined.
Keyword: Land Degradation, Small-Holder, Wind/Water Erosion, Slash and Burn, Wind Break, Shelterbelt
ESTIMATION PARAMETERS OF REGRESSION MODELS IN THE PRESENCE OF MULTICOLLINERITY AND OUTLIERS USING WEIGHTED RIDGE LEAST MEDIAN SQUARES WRLMS
BELLO ABDULKADIR RASHEED AND SAGIR MAHMOOD
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The presence of multicollinearity and outliers are classical problems of data within the linear regression framework. We are going to present a proposal of a new method which can be a potential candidate for robust ridge regression as well as a robust detection of multicollinearity. This proposal arises as a logical combination of principles used in the ridge regression and the Bisquare weighted function. The Least Median of Squares (LMS) technique is used to solve the resulting regression problems. This paper investigate the nonresistance of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) to multicollinearity and outliers and proposes the use of robust regression for instance, Least Median Squares LMS to detect nonnormality of residuals, the use of robust methods yields more reliable trend estimations and outlier detection. LMS introduced as a robust regression technique and through medical application its effect on regression is discussed. From numerical example and simulation study, the resulting of the Weighted Ridge Least Median Squares (WRLMS) is efficient than other estimators, using Standard Error (SE) and the Root Mean Squared Error criterion for numerical example and simulation study respectively for many combinations of error distribution and degree of multicollinearity.
Keyword: multicollinearity; outliers; ridge regression; robust LMS estimation and weighted ridge least median squares.
EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF THE NATURAL MORTALITY RATE OF A DIABETIC POPULATION USING THE METHOD OF NUMERICAL ANALYSIS
U.C. AMADI AND E.N. EKAKA-A
Department of Mathematics, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.
This paper explores a non- linear mathematical modeling of a population of diabetes which is categorized into controlled diabetic patients and uncontrolled diabetic patients. Numerical analysis approach has been utilized to solve a well-posed model equations and the results of numerical simulations are obtained.
Keyword: modeling, evaluation, natural mortality rate, diabetic population, numerical analysis.
INFLUENCE OF POULTRY MANURE ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF WATERMELON IN BAUCHI ENVIRONMENT.
A.I. ABUBAKAR* Y. HARUNA* GARBA, A**, GRACE, C* AND BARNABAS, B.*
*Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. **Department of Forestry Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
A Field experiments was conducted in 2016 cropping seasons at the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi demonstration farm to evaluate the response of watermelon to five different rates of poultry manure. The study was carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications The treatments were 0, 3, 5, tons of poultry manure per hectare, while the parameters investigated were vine length, number of leaves per plant, number of branches per plant, Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), and means were separated using LSD. The results of the study showed that plants that received highest rate of poultry manure (5 tons/ha) were superior in the parameters tested with vine length of 196.9 cm at 8 weeks, mean number of leaves of 67.4 , number of branches/plant of 7.6, and mean number of fruit of 145,043 /ha). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that farmers in the study area apply 5 ton/ha of poultry manure for increased growth and yield of watermelon. It is recommended that more research should be conducted with higher quantities of manure in order to find out the optimum level of application for the study area.
Keyword: Influence, Poultry, Manure, Growth and Yield.
COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVELS OF CA, CU, MN, ZN, FE, CR AND K IN ZOBORODO (HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA) AND AYA (CYPERUS ESCULENTUS)
DAHIRU MOHAMMAD TSAFE
Chemistry Department, Zamfara State College Of Education, Maru Nigeria
Two different plants samples i.e Zoborodo (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) and Aya (Cyperus esculentus) were obtained from Langa-Langa farm land, Tsafe Local Government, Zamfara state Nigeria and were analyzed for the level of (Ca, K, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn and Cr). The tubers were washed in a basen of tab water rinsed with distilled water made free from bad broken and foreign materials, while Zoborodo calyx was sun dried and grounded into powder homogeneously using motar and pestle. Each of the samples was ash in a muffle furnace at 550°c and digested with Conc. HNO3 and filtered. The filtrate was diluted with distilled water and boiled, the bailing continuous with occasional topping with hot water. Concentrations of Ca, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cr and K were determined spectrophotometrically in samples of Zoborodo (Hibiscus sabdariffa) and Aya (Cyperus esculentus). The result show higher concentrations of K, Ca, and Cr. in Zoborodo with means and standard deviation of 0.6515 ±0.66mg/g, 0.6084 ± 0.0644mg/g and 0.0062 ± 0.0062mg/g respectively. The concentrations of Cu, Mn, Zn, and Fe are higher in Aya (Cyperus esculentus) with means and standard deviation of 0.0093 + 0.0029mg/g, 0.215 ± 0,006Img/g, 0.0716 ± 0.0025mg/g and 0.324 ± 0.0034mg/g respectively. The metal concentrations in zoborodo are in the order K>Ca>Zn, similarly the metal concentration in Aya are in the order Fe>Mn>Cu> Cr.
Keyword: Comparative, Assessment, Mineral elements, Zoborodo, Aya.
WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS: PANACEA FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA
*ASEN AHEMBA SIMEON AND **ASEN OMONIKE SALEWA
*Department Of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Poverty is one of the greatest challenges facing the world today this is because about half of the world population is said to be poor. Poverty is caused by power structure in countries in the world to human policies and/or actions. Through desktop research secondary data was collected. From the literature review attempts were made all over the world to reduce poverty. However, it will be very difficult to reduce poverty in the world and the north eastern states of Nigeria in particular without the involvement of women because of their number. Also, women assist in generating income which is used in developing their family and and growing their businesses which go a long way in reducing poverty in the north eastern zone of Nigeria.
Keyword: Reduction, Panacea, Entrepreneurs, Poverty and Women
AN ASSESSMENT OF BOTSWANA DEMOCRATIC PARTY (BDP) (1965-2015)
- IDOKOAKOR (PHD) & ZEKERI MOMOH
*Department of Political Science, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. **Global Network for Peace and Anti-Corruption Initiative (GNPAI), Abuja, Nigeria.
The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has been in power since the country’s first general election in 1965 this has question the viability of opposition parties in Botswana’s polities. This paper adopted the theory of “uneven playing” The aim of this study is to identify the factors that sustain the dominance of BDP in Botswana’s democracy and find out the challenges facing the BDP. Moreover, study identified “deep-seated structural problems, leadership style access to state institutions, media and resources, are among factor that enhance the dominance of BDP in Botswana Democracy. However, opposition parties heavily relied on membership fees, voluntary contributions through fundraising and international supports to be relevant in polities. Though, the BDP is faced with the problem of internal democracy challenges of had governance, and limited freedom of expression by the citizens. Keywords single party dominance, governance Botswana, BDP, opposition party.
Keyword: Botswana Democratic Party, Democracy, Election, Political parties, Opposition parties