UNLOCKING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21st CENTURY.
DATE: JULY 10TH – 11TH, 2014.
M.L. AUDU AUDITORIUM, FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
PROCEEDINGS (Vol. 2 No. 3):
AN ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
BALA SAGIR MADAKI
School Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State
Environmental and health education was assessed through the administering of questionnaires to respondents in Bauchi metropolis. The data collected was analysed and presented as table, percentage etc. The results of the analyses reveal that the level of environmental awareness in Bauchi metropolis is adequate. Finally, it was recommended that government should pay more attention in educating public through awareness campaigns on important public health matters such as the consequences of lack of environmental sanitation.
Keywords; Environment, Health, Public, Awareness, Consequences
AN EXAMINATION OF FACILITY MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN AN ACADEMIC INSTITUTION [A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI]
DOMINION AGWELA ANOSIKE
Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
An academic institution is made up of facilities which make it conducive for learning. The state of these facilities determines the rate at which the institution’s goals and objectives are being realized. New facilities are being purchased from time to time to replace obsolete ones. These facilities must be maintained adequately in order to achieve their optimum utilization. Advancement in science and technology necessitates that modern methods be adopted in schools facilities management. This will enhance the quality of teaching and learning. This study describes the nature of facilities in an institution of higher learning, the different levels of facilities utilization in schools and the need to control the utilization of such facilities. The importance of good and adequate maintenance of schools’ facilities was also highlighted. A research was carried out on the nature of maintenance employed on certain facilities in the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Findings revealed that the corrective maintenance is most often adopted in the maintenance of facilities. The study recommended that facilities are best maintained using the preventive maintenance method. It also recommended training and enlightenment for stakeholders, and the provision of adequate facilities and their replacement as at when due.
KEY WORDS: Academic institution, School facilities, Facilities management, Facilities utilization, facilities maintenance
AN EXAMINATION OF LAND REGISTRATION IN LAFIA, NASARAWA NIGERIA
BALA JIDERE HAFSATU, ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE AND ALI AISHA MOHAMMED
Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Land in Lifia and in Nigeria has generally been a subject of controversy. Land acquisition and registration is faced with many problems because there is a constant increase in population. Also the government of the country does not assist in making easy the means of land acquisition in the country. This research work examines the land acquisition procedure in Lafia, Nasarawa state capital. Relevant concepts on land acquisition were examined. Data was collected from estate agents, workers in ministry of land and planning. The data collected was analysis by the use of table through the use of descriptive statistics
Key Words: Land, Registration, titling, Land acquisition, Lafia Estate Agents, Ministry of Lands and Planning.
AN EXAMINATION OF THE MANAGEMENT OF TENEMENT BUILDINGS IN NARAYI, KADUNA.
ALI AISHA MOHAMMED, BALA JIDERE HAFSATU AND ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE
Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
As a result of continuous population growths in Narayi, in Kaduna state, the properties in the location are being poorly managed. This paper examines the way in which tenements buildings are being managed, problems of property management and made suggestion to both landlords and tenants on how properties can be better managed. Data were distributed to both tenants and landlords by using stratified random sampling technique. The finding shows that; 1. Both the landlord and tenants do not appreciate the role of estate surveyors and valuers in property management, 2. The properties in the areas are not insured, 3. Property maintenance is not being well done, 4. Tenancy agreement does not exist between landlord and tenants and 5. There is illegal sub-leasing of properties by the tenants. The paper concluded that if all these problems are solved, the proportions in the study area will be better managed.
Keyword: Property Management, Tenement Buildings, Narayi Kaduna, Landlords, Tenants, Estate Surveyors are Valuers.
APPLICATION OF LEAN THINKING TO THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT IN DEVELOPING NATIONS FOR SUSTAINABILITY
*ADEGBENGA ADEYEMI, DAVID MARTIN AND ROZILAH KASIM
1 Department of Real Estate Management, 2 Faculty of Technology Management and Business
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja Batu Pahat Johor, Malaysia
Sustainable Development was defined as humanity’s ability to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Many countries, especially in the developing world, did not meet the UN target of 2002 to achieve sustainable development because the issue of existing buildings which form the bulk of building stock were not adequately addressed. This paper is a literature review on how existing buildings could be sustained through improvement as against maintenance and rebuild; it reviewed major improvement models that can be applied for elimination of perceived waste and inefficiencies in existing buildings for their sustainability. The Lean Thinking model was adopted for use. The paper revealed that the maintenance of unsustainable buildings could at best be returned to their unsustainable original standard at construction, compared to improvement. There is no doubt that there are a number of other factors and barriers that affect our ability to sustainably improve our existing building stock. However, until we are also able to address these two major issues of waste and inefficient facilities from end-users’ perspectives, the pace of SD in developing countries may remain slow.
Key Words: Sustainable Development, Maintenance, Improvement, Existing buildings, Waste.
ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Michael Onyemaechi Ajufoh MNIA, Murtala A. Babaji MNIA, and Yaktor Joshua Inusa MNIA
1, 2Department of Architecture, School of Environmental Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
3 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State.
Around half of all non-renewable resources mankind consumes are used in construction, making it one of the least sustainable industries in the world. However, mankind has spent the majority of its existence trying to manipulate the natural environment to better suit its needs so today our daily lives are carried out in and on constructions of one sort or another. And in doing these waste materials are created.This paper attempts to categorise the impacts of construction activities on the environment.It also discusses sources of waste and also recommends techniques for waste management. The paper concludes by discussing the effects of construction activities on the social environment.
Key words: building, construction, environment, materials, wastes.
CURBING THE MENACE OF BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA
Michael O. Ajufoh and Arc Murtala A. Babaji
Department of Architecture, School of Environmental Technology, Federal Polytechnic,
Bauchi, Bauchi state
Marcus Vitruvious polio, the Roman writer, Architect and Engineer, was famous for asserting in his book De Architectura that a structure must exhibit the three qualities of firmitas, utilitas and venustas – that is, it must be strong or durable, useful and beautiful. Hugo Alvar Aalto the Finnish Architect and designer, argued that the responsible designer/Architect must “do no harm” on the end users of such a building nor provide environments unsuitable for their use. Part of the federal Government of Nigeria’s transformation agenda is the provision of quality and affordable infrastructure through Housing and Urban Development. But the spate of collapsed buildings in the country has reached an alarming rate. The incessant cases are enough reasons to declare a state of emergency in the construction industry. A building collapse could be a total or partial failure of one or more components of a building leading to the inability of the building to perform its principle function of safety and stability. In an attempt to find a solution to this menace, this paper therefore tries to examine some of the major causes of building collapse and tries to proffer remedial measures that may curb its devastating effects. The paper also briefly outlines its implications on real estate investment and also briefly tries to advice on procedures for rescuing people from collapsed buildings.
Keywords: Construction, Collapse, Building, Development, Transformation Agenda
DESIGN OF SUSTAINABLE RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM FOR RESIDENTIAL HOUSES
ZAKARIYA B.H.1, KUROSHI P3, KUNYA S.U2 , MOHAMMED I.Y4 MUKAILU Z5
1,2 &4 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. Department of Building.
3Moddibo Adama University of Technology, Yola. Department of Building.
3Federal Polytechnics, Bauchi. Department of Building.
This research looked into the design of rain water harvesting system for residential houses for sustainable development. Nine case studies were used for the purpose of this design. The average water expected from the roof of a residential house in a year is 1017.14m3 is more than twice the required water demand for the houses (463.2m3). Since the water required per annum is 463.2m3 then the capacity required for six month is 231.6m3. Thus a 3mX10mX8m=240m3 sized dam is required. Based on the fact from this study rain water if collected from roof is more than sufficient for the use of occupants of residential building for sub Saharan region. Treatment methods such as; Solar disinfection, Chlorination and the of Silver nitrate are highly effective in reducing the microbiological contamination. Therefore, rain water collection from roofs and storage for domestic used is recommended for residential structures.
KEY WORDS: Sustainable Development, Rain water Harvesting, Residential houses and Design.
EFFICACIOUS WASTE ORGANISATION IN URBAN AREAS; A CASE STUDY OF BAUCHI CITY
Michael C. O. Ajufoh and Murtala A. Babaji
Department of Architecture, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Waste management is the collection, transportation, processing, recycling or disposal of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity and is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, aesthetics, amenity and the environment and also to recover resources. Waste management can involve solid liquid or gaseous substances with different methods and fields of emphasis for each. Waste management practices differ for developed, developing nations, for urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrial production. This paper tries to deal with illegal and unplanned solid waste disposal; it also attempts to proffer solutions to the problem of improper waste disposal through incineration and recycling of metals, cellophane and Teflon and how Bauchi state can generate some revenue through the recycling of these waste materials. The paper also tries to educate on the problems associated with landfills while dealing briefly, on the advantages of biological processing and also how waste can be avoided and reduced. The paper also tries to present waste management concepts in relation to Bauchi city.
Keywords: Waste, pollution disposal, recycling concepts
EVALUATING THE EFFECTS OF COMMUNICATION IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT DELIVERY IN NIGERIA
1 LUKA GOJI TIPILI and PATRICIA OYIZA OJEBA
Quantity Surveying Department, Faculty of Environmental Technology,
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi- Nigeria
All construction project execution requires communication between professionals in all the various stages of construction. These professionals transfer appropriate and relevant information to develop a buildable design that meets the client’s requirements. As the project unfolds and the design is realized, information in the form of drawings, specifications and construction methods must be communicated from one expert to another. Therefore, using an appropriate communication method and communication medium to resolve construction and design problems is essential. The research sampled 40 professionals working in the construction industry in Bauchi, Nigeria. The study established that within the Nigeria construction industry, there is a strong appreciation of the importance of project communication and its effects within the industry. In spite of that, there have been many hindrances to effective communication on construction projects in Nigeria. These include; unclear communication objectives, unclear channels of communication, ineffective reporting system, ineffective communication between the parties on the project, stereotyping and language difficulties. Finally, the research established that poor communication had resulted in project delays, project cost overrun and project abandonment. Project communications/communication management was also shown to strongly affect the performance of professionals within the construction industry.
Keywords: Effective Communication, Nigeria Construction industry, Communication Channel, Construction Project Delivery
FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR NON-ADOPTING PUBLIC-PRIVATE-PARTNERSHIP (PPP) IN THE PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURES IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS.
1Mohammed Lawal Yahaya , 2Mohammed Sani and 3Hamza Sani Sambo
1Physical Planning and Development Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Sokoto StateNigeria,
2 Department of Building; Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria.
3 Department of Quantity Surveying Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria,Kaduna State.Nigeria.
Nigeria is still in search of solutions to her infrastructures challenges and Public Private Partnership (PPP) has been advocated because it has succeeded in some other countries with similar challenges. However, observers have expressed fears about its successful adoption in Nigeria. This paper examines some of the factors that pose threats to the successful adoption of PPP in the Nigerian tertiary institution and how to neutralize them. The study uses both primary and secondary data obtained from field survey and literatures. For the purpose of this study, data were collected from five tertiary institutions in Sokoto and Zamfara. The targeted population was the Architect, Engineers, Builders, Quantity Surveyors, Town Planners, Project Supervisors/managers and hostel supervisors who are involved in the construction and managing of those hostels accommodations in tertiary institutions. The sample size was obtained from 35 professionals working in the physical planning as well as works and maintenance departments of the various institutions in the survey area. Seven professionals were sample from each tertiary institution in the study area. A total of 30 questionnaires were administered in equal proportion to construction professionals as well as hostel supervisors in the study areas (i.e 7 questionnaire in each institution works/PP&D units). A total of 30 questionnaires were retrieved back. This comprised of 9 Architects, 4Town planners, 5 Quantity Surveyors, 5 Engineers, 3 Project Supervisors/managers, and 4 Hostel Supervisors. Structured questionnaire were issued in equal proportion to three tertiary institutions in Sokoto and Two in Zamfara state respectively. A total of five institutions were surveyed.
Key words; public-private partnership,hostels,institutions
FIRE SAFETY PROVISION IN BANK OF INDUSTRY (BOI) BUILDING, BAUCHI
1 Esan, Olusegun Akintomide, 2 Ogwu Williams Alhassan, 3 Shuaibu, Nuru Mamman
1 Building Department, 2 Architecture Department The Federal Polytechnic, Idah.
Building Department, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3.
Over the years, there have been reports of fire out breaks in high- rise public buildings in the country. When these occur, many lives are lost and property worth millions of Naira destroyed. The need for safety of lives and property in the event of any fire outbreak in high-rise buildings is of paramount importance. The Planner, Architects, Mechanical Engineer, Builders and Owners, should ensure that safety of both visitors to the building and workers in high-rise buildings are adequately provided for, when using such facilities. This paper appraises the level of adequacy, functionality and maintenance of fire fighting installations in the building. The fire safety installations in the building ranges from fixed fire fighting equipment, portable fire extinguishers, fire alarm system, smoke detectors, etc. It was observed that the operators of the Building have made some attempts, but there are still some shortcomings, which the operators are expected to remedy. Recommendations were then made for the professional involved in the development of building property for future reference.
Keywords: Fire, Safety, BOI, Building, Bauchi
HARNESSING LOCAL BUILDING MATERIALS IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY
ABDULMAGEED OSUNKUNLE and OGWUCHE AUDU HENRY
Department of Architectural Technology, School of Environmental Technology
Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
We are naturally blessed with nature’s endowment such as crude oil, agricultural products, mineral resources and availability of indigenous local materials abound in our various communities. Earlier in the days, accommodations were never an issue as man could make or create a resting place for him and his family with limited resources. He collects local materials like timber, stone, mud thatch, bush rope, etc with one or two assistant and able to put together a house to accommodate his activities. The paper tries to explain sustainable development as that which harnesses the needs of the present local materials without compromising the ability of the future generations cannot therefore be under estimated. This review is meant to encourage sub-Sahara African, researcher, government and private entities, construction team, clients and contractors committed efforts though research and development into these untapped building materials and highlighting other contributions to environmental designs in order to bails out of housing problems.
Key words: Harness, local/indigenous materials, sustainable development, resources, housing.
HARNESSING THE POTENTIALS OF THE NATION INLAND WATERS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.A CASE STUDY OF PART OF RIVER GONGOLA, ASHAKA, GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA
Ibochi, Andrew Abah, Shuaibu Umar and Ochepo Sunday Abah
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
The discharge of a river is the quantity of water flowing through its cross section in a second. Rivers are characterized with dynamic behaviours, which are often result to changes in widths, depths, velocity, discharges, and sediments transportation as well as topography. Some of these changes in the marine environment are highly dynamic and often subsurface and can only be observed with special instruments, which operate below the water surface to be able to detect these changes. This study aimed at exploring the relevance of survey technique in effective harnessing of River Gongola potentials to improve the supply of water to Ashaka Cement Company, Gombe State. The data gathered were analyzed in GIS application software ArcGIS 10.2. A total volume of the water discharge is 38.79m3/s, a total velocity of 2.97m/s and total area of 104.90m2, The Annual Daily Maximum and Minimum Water Level of 247.01m (AMSL) and 240.69m (AMSL) recorded in 1986 and 1985 respectively. The result of the processed and analyzed data revealed that River Gongola can discharge 139644m3/Hour (3351456m3/Day).The study recommends adoption of a re-engineered surveying of the inland waters, acquisition of modern hydrographic survey instruments and GIS software, adequate training of staff of the agencies in charge to improve service delivery for sustainable development.
Keywords: Inland water, Water discharge, Potentials, Hydrographic surveying, Sustainable development,
HEALTH AND SAFETY OF ACCESS TO HEIGHTS ON A HIGHRISE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SITE IN LAGOS
1 Esan, Olusegun Akintomide, 2 Ogwu Williams Alhassan, 3 Kanbai , D, Z,
1 Building Technology Department, 2 Architectural Tech. Department The Federal Polytechnic, Idah1
3 Architectural Tech. Department, 3 The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi3
Health and Safety in the area of access to heights was examined on a construction site along Herbert McCauley way, Alaago Meji, Lagos where a high-rise building in was under construction. The access equipments provided were observed and the areas of failures were noted, in fact, the provisions were grossly deficient, unsafe and unhealthy to users.
Key words: Health and Safety, Heights, High-rise Building, Accident, Construction Site
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF SOLID WASTE SEGREGATION IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA.
Dr. Bogoro Audu Gani, Victor Istifanus, and Haruna Baba Bwala
Department of Urban and Regional Planiing, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi
Abundant opportunities abound for segregation of solid waste at the household level and many socio-economic advantages and environmental benefits are associated with the process, yet little or no attention is given to the practice. This paper is set out to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of solid waste segregation in Bauchi metropolis. The study area was divided in to twelve wards and from each ward a proportionate unit of household was selected using the systematic random sampling techniques. Data were collected through purposeful questionnaire and interview and pictures were taken for on-site environmental assessment. Since there are 39,675 households in the study area, 4% of 39,675 households were taken as the sample size which is 1587 households. The survey revealed that female dominated with 50.6%. Only 5.8% fit into the high-income group with monthly income of N45, 000.00 and above. The general average per capital solid waste generated was 0.86 kg/capita/day. this paper also identifies level of solid waste segregation at household level and found it to be insignificant as only 10% have more than one storage container for segregation that the practice of solid waste segregation is very poor, especially in wards outside the city wall despite the fact that they are better off in terms of awareness and western education that advocates environmental cleanliness and its associated benefits. It is therefore recommended that segregation at source should be practiced only in the walled-city. The exercise should be carried out in three stages. A high level of awareness and education on sanitation, environmental health matters and benefits of segregation at household level should be created to the entire public The provision of the new law that requires households to divert at least 50% of solid wastes generated should be enforced.
Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Solid Waste and Segregation
NIGERIA-USA DIPLOMACY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE ROLE OF USAID IN TRANSFORMING BAUCHI STATE
ABDULWAHAB SANI AND KABIRU ABUBAKAR GARBA
School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
The paper examines the Nigeria-USA Diplomacy for sustainable development the role of USAID in transforming Bauchi State. The research problem indicated that relationship between Nigeria and USA for sustainable development is mainly a dependent one, where Nigeria depends on USA for her development. The objective of the research is to identify the USAID sponsored project in Nigeria, Bauchi State in particular. Data was collected from the representative of TSHIP and NEI using oral interview techniques, literature was reviewed from relevant journals, magazines, internet service and newspapers. Research findings indicated that some of the projects and programmed in Bauchi state was sponsored and conducted by US government using USAID in collaboration with some NGOs. In conclusion, it is important to note that Nigerian development is being controlled and dictated through its economy by the use of foreign aid, projects and loans etc. Basic key words: DIPLOMACY; is the persuasive means of achieving foreign policy. USAID; United State Agency for International Development. TSHIP; Targeted State High Impact Project. NEI; Northern Education Initiatives. WOFAN; Women Farmers Advancement Network.
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF RISK OF CEMENT MARKET
1 Esan, Olusegun Akintomide, 2 Ogwu Williams Alhassan, 3 Kambai , D, Z, 4 Anosike, Dominion Agwela
1 Building Technology Department, 2 Architectural Tech. Department The Federal Polytechnic, Idah1
3 Architectural Tech. Department, 4 Estate Management Department, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi4
This study was a heath and safety audit of the cement market near Ran Gate, along Ran road, Bauchi. Observation and interview was used to find out the occupation health and safety hazard that existed. The areas of deficiency were identified and remedial measures were recommended.
Key words: Occupational hazards, Cement dust, Health and Safety, Market, Risk
POWER LINES DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING NATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.A CASE STUDY OF YELWA AREA OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
Ibochi, Andrew Abah, Kardam, Mohammed Shehu (AMNIS), Shuaibu Umar
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Electricity plays very important role in the socio-economic and technological development of every nation. It is widely accepted that there is a strong correlation between socio-economic development and the availability of electricity. However, it poses serious threat to human lives mostly people living at unsafe-distance to its high voltage lines. However, uncontrolled and unrestricted development in such unplanned fashion has led to outright encroachment on the infringing the right of ways of these harmful lines. In Bauchi State like most cities in Nigeria, inconsistent land use development practices in most cases erection of buildings infringing on the right of ways of power lines. This paper employs remotely sensed data, differential Global Positioning System receivers, and Geographic Information System techniques to carry power lines right of ways survey in Yelwa Area of Bauchi State. Data integration and analysis were carried out in ArcGIS 10.2 application software. The proximity analysis conducted on the 11/23KVA, 132KVA and 330KVA power lines revealed unprecedented level of properties erected within the 5.5m, 15m and 25m right of ways specifications respectively. A total of about 189 properties encroached on the power lines’ right of way in the study area. It concludes by recommending immediate removal of all encroached properties, relocation or resettlement of people living at unsafe distance from power lines, adoption of appropriate technology and sustainable developmental practices in Nigeria
Keywords: Disaster management, Sustainable development, Settlements, Encroachment and Vulnerability
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PUBLIC PROPERTY MANAGEMENT- A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL COURT, ABUJA, FCT.
1 SALAU LIADI TUNDE AND 2 SALAWU MORUF BABATUNDE
1 Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
2 Department of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
Monetization policy of the Federal Government was borne out of waste and and corruption being experienced from improper management of publicly owned property. The ownership and subsequent management of such landed property were transferred to private individuals. However, due to expedient reasons certain categories of these government properties are still being held and managed by public estate officers of which the residential quarters and main offices of National Industrial Court are included. This paper explores the problems of public property management which span from corruption, nepotism in awarding repair contracts to bureaucratic bottleneck involves in carry out some of the simple job of property management. The research adopts distribution of questionnaires to the stakeholders and use simple descriptive analysis in identifying the solutions to the problems aforementioned.
KEYWORDS: Public Property, Property Management, National Industrial Court, Estate Surveyors and Valuers
SHOPPING COMPLEX RENT DETERMINANTS IN BAUCHI,NIGERIA
ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE, AISHA MOHAMMED ALI AND BALA JIDERE HAFSATU
(Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi)
This paper examines the determinants of shopping complex rents in Bauchi, Nigeria, data was obtain through the aid of questionnaires from 52 different shops that are in 8 various shopping complex in the study area. The data obtained were collected from Estate surveyors, property agents, land lords and tenants of the shopping complex. Five various independent variables were identified as major factors that contributes to shopping complex rent determination in the state. A model was developed for all the variables that were obtained through the use of SPSS 15. Linear regression analysis was done using rent as dependent variable and length of the shop frontage, area of the shop , location , age , and design as independent variables . The model developed with 85 percent significant shows the that length of the shop frontage , area of the shop , location , age , and design are all independent variables that contribute to shopping complex rent determination. .The study found out that area of the shop and the location of the shopping complex are the two most important variables that contribute more to shopping complex price determination in the study area.
KEY WORDS: Rent, Shopping Complex, Shop Owners, Tenants
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AND MANAGEMENT IN RESIDENTIAL BUILT ENVIRONMENT TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (A case study of Bauchi Metropolis)
OGWUCHE AUDU HENRY and ABDULMAGEED OSUNKUNLE
Department of Architectural Technology, School of Environmental Technology Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
The general issues of waste is one of the major environmental challenges facing humanity today; yet it is not receiving enough attention from those responsible for the planning and designing of the built environment especially in Bauchi State. A good knowledge of the generation, transportation, collection/disposal, treatment/recycling and general management will go a long way towards helping the environmentalists in planning and designing, to handle the problems associated with solid waste. This paper therefore examines the waste disposal systems with particular reference to residential core areas of the Bauchi metropolis. Field surveys of interview schedules and observations were carried out in three residential zones with proper analysis and discussions. The results show that the household sector produces the largest amount of waste in the city and also highlighted the implications of the result for the environment and sustainable management of solid waste solutions with corresponding policy statements.
Keywords: Waste, disposal, management, environment, residential.
SUITABILITY OF L- SECTION STEEL (ANGLE IRON) AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO CONCRETE LINTEL
1 Esan, Olusegun Akintomide, 2 Ogwu Williams Alhassan, 3 Kanbai , D, Z
1 Building Technology Department, 2 Architectural Tech. Department The Federal Polytechnic, Idah1
3 Architectural Tech. Department, 3 The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi3
This study subjected L–Section steel of 2mm thick of and 35m x 35m flanges to test by using it in place of concrete lintel and was observed to ascertain its ability to carry the load imposed by the blocks above the various openings spanning 300mm, 900mm, 1200mm, 1500mm and 1800mm. It was discovered that the L-Section steel was able to carry the load. A timber rod was used in conjunction with veneer calliper to measure deflection at the mid span. There was deflection at week one, thereafter no further deflection occurred as shown by the readings record up to six months. However, observation still continues. Therefore, it can be said that thus far, the L-Section steel served the purpose of use as lintel over openings up to a span of 1800mm which was the maximum opening experimented.
Key Points: Suitability, L- Section Steel (Angle Iron), Concrete, Lintel, opening
SUSTAINABILITY IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION: THE MANAGEMENT AND CHALLENGES OF STAKEHOLDERS IN THE INDUSTRY.
Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
Achieving sustainability-related targets in construction projects is increasingly becoming a key performance driver. Yet sustainability is a complex concept in projects and there are many diverse stakeholders. Some stakeholders are generally recognized as important, i.e., the client and main contractor, yet there are others not always perceived as such and whose absence from the decision-making processes may result in a failure to address sustainability issues. Construction is said to be sustainable when it meets environmental challenges, responds to social and cultural demands and delivers economic improvement. The fundamental concept of sustainable construction is to deliver long term affordability, quality and efficiency, value to clients and users, whilst decreasing negative environmental impacts and increasing the economic sustainability. Given the conflicting interests, different professional approaches and poor managerial strategies, it is difficult to integrate the highly diverse stakeholders into a single process, but not insurmountable challenge. This can only be achieved when all stakeholders are integrated and managed to work as a team. Data were sought through secondary sources by reviewing journals and other literatures related to the subject. The paper contends among others that, there is need to identify and manage all key stakeholders related to different sustainability targets.
Keywords: sustainability in Construction, Challenges, stakeholders’ management.
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION: PEDAGOGICAL LEARNING OUTCOMES OF SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN
* Inusa, Yaktor Joshua, Ajufoh, **Michael Onyemaechi, * Lekjep, Ripnung Shem
*Department of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State
**Department of Architecture, School of Environmental Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Since the role of architects in mitigating Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission to curtail climate change has been emphasised to be significant, sustainability in architectural education has placed a high demand on architectural educators. This paper aims at examining Sustainable Environmental Design (SED) issues with the view to recommending ways architect-educators can create pedagogical learning outcomes to promote best practices in Nigeria. The approach for this study is the review of the European Qualification Framework (EQF) for Lifelong Learning in which learning outcomes are structured in terms of knowledge, skills and competence considered at eight qualification levels of Education. Findings indicate that the last three levels of EQF correspond to the three architectural qualification levels in Nigerian Universities and can be used to define a progression of abilities in environmental sustainability that students should gradually attain in design. This paper has demonstrated ways as practical guide architect-educators can focus their pedagogical learning outcomes in SED to aid learning among students. The paper also recommends ways the EQF can be contextualised to create pedagogical learning outcomes of SED to improve sustainable architectural education in Nigerian Universities.
Keywords: architectural education, learning outcomes, sustainability, sustainable architectural education, sustainable environmental design.
THE NEED FOR THE INCORPORATION OF DRAINAGE INFRASTRUCTURE IN CONDITIONS FOR THE GRANT OF DEVELOPMENT PERMIT IN NIGERIAN CITIES AND TOWNS- A PANACEA FOR FLOOD PREVENTION.
1Kadala B. S., 2 Tanko, B. S. and 3Eli, S.
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi. Adamawa State – Nigeria
This study is focused towards providing ways in which prospective developers in our communities will partner with the government towards reducing the menace of flooding in our cities. The study thus investigated the criteria used by Town Planning Development Boards and Authorities to grant approval for building permit to prospective developers. The Adamawa State Urban Planning and Development Boards with its Zonal Town Planning offices were examined using the set out criteria for the grant of approval for building permit. It was found that there is no requirement for developer to create drainage that will channel run-off water and waste water from his/her development, knowing full well that lack of drainage in built environment is a factor in the cause of flooding in our neighbourhood, towns and cities. Thus the study recommends that Urban and Regional Planning ought to include the provision of drainage by a developer in his development, should form part of requirement for the grant of approval for building plan.
KEY WORDS: Building Plan Approval, Drainage, Developer, Development Control, Site Inspection.
THE ROLE OF MODERN SECRETARIES IN BUILDING THE NIGERIAN NATION
CLETUS I K DAJUR
OTM Department, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The paper examined the role of secretaries in building the Nigerian Nation. There have been reports that with the Reformation Agenda of the Nigerian President organisations are restructuring and downsizing; this has purportedly wiped out tens of thousands of middle managers and often the secretaries who worked alongside them, and that the number of secretaries has declined by about one-fifth over the past decade. Yet of those who survived, most find themselves the first ones being asked to take on tasks once handled by displaced middle managers. One reason given for the elimination of secretaries is the fact that software now let executives do for themselves much of what a secretary once did. Human aspects cannot be automated; and that is to say that invention of technologies would not displace the human; thus indicating that only those secretaries that are not forward-looking can be displaced. It is therefore recommended that secretaries need to be on top of any advancement in technology
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO THE DEVELOPING NATION’S ECONOMY TOWARDS ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
M.S Kardam, Salisu Abdullahi
Dept. of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
This paper focuses on the relationship between Information and Communication Technology and economy; the influence of ICT on the developing nations economy and the developing nations policies in promoting the Macro and Micro economic changes. It also explores what ICTs are and why they should be considered very important for the sustainable development goals of developing countries. Furthermore, it explains two major conditions that are to be met before ICTs can make a contribution to sustainable development. These include strong human capabilities required in the use of ICT technologies. Secondly, strong policy framework formulation.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Automatic Teller Machine, Nigerian Country Code Top Level Domain, Macro and Microeconomic changes.