TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 12 (8) FEBRUARY, 2023. ISSN: 1942-6754
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL INPUTS ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
S ABDURRAZAQ; PROFESSOR W. O. GABADEEN; AND ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR M. S. DADA
Department of Educational Management, University of Abuja, Nigeria
The study examined the influence of environmental inputs on students’ academic performance in public senior secondary schools in Kaduna State. The research design employed was correlational research design. The population of the study was 1290 teachers and the sample size was 212, using multi-stage sampling procedure. The research instruments employed were Environmental Inputs Questionnaire (EIQ) and Students’ Academic Performance Proforma (SAPP). Face and content validity of the EIQ was ascertained by experts in Educational Management Department. The reliability of the instrument was established by the use of Spearman-Brown formula as 0.98. The inferential statistics used were mean and standard deviation while the inferential statistics were least square regression analysis and t-test. The major findings reveal that school environment and home environment have influence negatively on students’ academic performance with coefficient of determination (r-square) as 0.4496 and 0.4146 respectively. The t-test further establishes that school environment and home environment each have negative and insignificant influence on students’ academic performance. The major recommendations include policy formulation and implementation on reading culture campaign in the State Education Strategic Plan for public senior secondary schools. Parent-Teacher Association should sustain sensitization of family supports for reading culture at home.
Keywords: school environment, home environment and students’ academic performance
IMPACT OF TEACHERS’ EFFICACY AND STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TORO LGA – BAUCHI STATE
DR JACOB ITSE DABO
Bauchi State University Gadau, Faculty of Education, Department of Science Education.
This research study was conducted in six (6) selected secondary schools in Toro LGA of Bauchi state. The schools were purposively selected for the study. The researcher employed Descriptive survey research method where a sample of 120 Respondents was used for the study. This sample was randomly drawn from the selected secondary schools. This study sought to examine the Impact of Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Student Performance in Secondary Schools in Toro LGA. The studies have shown that Teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs are positively associated with teachers in terms of their commitment to teaching, classroom planning and organization. Teachers with high teaching self-efficacy belief to spend more time on academic activities, provide more guidance to overcome difficulties to students, and praise their academic accomplishments, they are more willing to teach and maintain these teaching activities. Self-efficacy, thus, turns out to be a productive factor in making teaching and learning effective in the given context.
Keywords: Impact, Efficacy, Teachers’ Efficacy, Students and Performance.
INFORMATION RESOURCES ACQUISITION AND UTILISATION AS CORRELATES OF ENHANCED LEARNING ABILITY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) IN NORTH-CENTRAL, NIGERIA
DANIEL JORO; & DR. S. A. ONWUKANJO
Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
The study investigated information resources acquisition and utilisation as correlates of enhanced learning ability of secondary school students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in North-central, Nigeria. The research was guided by three (3) research questions and four (4) research hypotheses. Total enumeration research design was adopted for the study. The target population of the study was one hundred and one (101) teachers as the respondents from nine (9) Autistic schools in North-central, Nigeria. Split half Pilot study was conducted in three (3) different Autistic schools with thirty (30) copies of questionnaire being administered for reliability test, Cronbach Alpha formular was used to validate the research instrument and 0.87 was obtained depicting that the instrument was reliable to be used. The data collection instrument used for this study was structured questionnaire. One hundred and one (101) copies of the questionnaire were distributed in nine (9) Autistic schools but only eighty five (85) copies of the questionnaire were filled correctly, returned and were found useable for the analysis. Descriptive statistic, inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and multiple regressions were used to analyse the data. The null hypotheses formulated to guide the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed significant relationship between acquisition of information resources and enhanced learning ability of students with ASD (r = 0.397, P<0.05) was positively skewed, indicating a very low relationship and the hypotheses were rejected. The result showed significant relationship between information resources utilisation and enhanced learning ability of students with ASD (r = 0.189, P<0.05) was positively skewed, indicating a very low relationship and the hypotheses were rejected. The study concluded that information resources acquisition and utilisation utilisation improves the learning ability of ASD students. The study recommended that government, educational institutions, school libraries and non-governmental organisation should regularly collaborate to create awareness about autism and support autistic students morally and financially to ensure the children with autism reach their full potentials because some of the autistic children could possess savant skills.
Keywords: Acquisition of Information resources, Utilisation, Learning Ability, Cognitive skills, School Library
REPOSITIONING EDUCATION IN NIGERIA THROUGH ADEQUATE HEALTH FACILITIES: A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE
*A.G OSSAI (Ph.D); & **NWABUWE, SUNDAY NATHANIEL
*Faculty of Education, University of Delta, Agbor. **Faculty of Education, Department of Science Education Human Kinetics and Sports Science, University of Delta, Agbor
Education is seen as a key tool for human and economic change in all countries of the world. The effectiveness of such education depends on the decision to review the content and approach of Nigeria’s current education system. Thus, this document aimed to change the state of education in Nigeria by creating appropriate health institutions, citing secondary schools in Delta State as an example. In the population of 14482 teachers and 473 principal the sample included, 75 principals, and 750 teachers from Delta State High School. Data were collected and analyzed using means, standard deviation and Z-test analysis performed at the significance level of 0.05. The results showed no significant difference in the mean scores of principals and teachers on sources of drinking water in Delta state schools. There was also no significant difference between principals and teachers’ mean scores on hygiene in Delta State schools. The results showed no significant difference in the mean scores of principals and teachers on waste disposal methods in schools in the Delta state. The paper recommends that the government and school authorities should make effort to ensure that students have access to good sources of drinking water, good sanitation facilities and safe methods of waste disposal.
KEYWORDS: Education, Health care, Health Facilities, Secondary School, Principals and Teachers.
IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF PROLIFERATION OF PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS ON QUALITY EDUCATION IN NORTH-EAST GEOPOLITICAL ZONE, NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABULLAHI GALLE1; DR. BALA SANI ABDULLAHI2; MAIMUNA ABDULLAHI DANTSOHOYU3; & MUHAMMED NASIR UMAR4
1Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Department of Educational Foundations, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 3&4Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
The study investigated impact assessment of proliferation of private secondary schools on quality education in North-East Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria. Two research questions and its cross ponding null hypotheses guided the study. A correctional research design was adopted and the population of the study compressed of all civil and public servants in North-East Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria. The sample for the study comprised of 600 civil and public servants across North Central States were randomly selected. A self- developed questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection, was validated by experts which yielded 0.86 logical validity index and 0.83 reliability index. Data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answered the research questions while One-Way ANOVA was used to test null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant and the results revealed that, there is a significant impact assessment of proliferation of private secondary schools on quality of education toward students’ performance in public certificate examinations has is a significant impact assessment of proliferation of private secondary schools on quality of education toward students’ performance in public certificate examinations and there is a significant impact assessment of proliferation of private secondary schools on quality of education toward male and female students’ performance in public certificate examinations. The study recommended that Ministry of Education should encourage and enforce the rules and regulations government to ensure proper private schools management.
Keywords: Proliferation, private secondary schools, education, student performance, North-East Geopolitical Zone Nigeria.
IMPACT OF TEACHERS QUALIFICATIONS ON STUDENTS INTEREST AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MOKWA LGA, NIGER STATE
1ZHIRIN SUNDAY; 2MELAIYE, RUFUS. O. & 3, DANIEL, HASSANA K.
Dept. of Voc. & Technology Edu. Taraba state University, Jalingo & Vocational Education Dept. MAU, Yola
The study was carried out to determine the impact of teacher’s qualifications on the interest and the academic performance of Agricultural science students in senior secondary schools for sustainable development in Agriculture in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger state. The study made use of descriptive survey research design. The population for the study comprised of one thousand students and twenty teachers. Proportional sampling method was used to select two hundred and fifty (250) students as samples while all the twenty teachers were used as a sample because of its small size. Instrument for data collection was teachers’ qualification on interest and performance questionnaire for both students and teachers including the use of SSCE results sheets of four schools were collected from year 2012 to 2016. PPMCC was utilized to test the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the null hypothesis one showed that there was a strong positive significant relationship between teacher’s qualifications and the students’ learning interest in agricultural science. While the result of the null hypothesis two tested showed that there was significant relationship between the teachers’ qualification and the academic performance of the students in agricultural science. Also, the result of null hypothesis three tested showed that there was no significant relationship between the results of students’ performance in one school and the other from year 2012 to 2016 in agricultural science in Mokwa Local Government Area. Based on the finding it was concluded that: Qualified or Certified teachers can arouse students’ interest in learning of Agricultural Science in Senior Secondary Schools in Mokwa Local Government. Qualified teachers can lead to consistent excellent Performance of students in Senior Secondary Schools in the study area. Performance of students in Agricultural Science in one Senior Secondary School varies with performance of students in another Secondary School, because, they are not really teachers hence, this manifests in students’ poor academic performance. The following recommendations were made based on the study: Both public and private Senior Secondary Schools should insist on qualified teachers for employment. Federal and State Government in-charge of public Senior Secondary Schools should only employ Certified or qualified teachers for the schools. The Educational stakeholders should imbibe the habit of training and retraining staff, so as to reduce lack of relationship between performance of one school and that of another school.
Keywords: Teachers’ qualifications, students’ interest, Academic performance, Agricultural science.
INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL INSTRUCTIONAL FACILITIES AND SCHOOL TYPE ON JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
SULE, SAMUEL SARDAUNA (Ph.D)
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu
This study investigated the influence of school instructional facilities and type on Junior Secondary School Mathematics Students’ academic performance in Yobe State, Nigeria. The study employed ex-post-facto survey research design. The population of the study comprised all public junior secondary schools in Yobe State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique (Stratified and simple random sampling techniques) was employed to draw the sample size of 300 for the study from thirty (30) schools randomly selected (ten from each of the 3 Senatorial Zones A, B and C in the State). One instrument was employed for data collection namely: “School Instructional Facilities and Type Questionnaire (SIFTQ)” with a reliability coefficient of 0.84, determined using Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha. Descriptive statistics of means and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while inferential statistics (Z-test) was used to test the null hypotheses at alpha = 0.05 level of significance. The findings of this study revealed that; there was a significant influence of school instructional facilities on Mathematics students’ academic performance in urban and rural schools (z (298) = 11.05; p = .003 < α = 0.05). Similarly, there was no significant influence of school instructional facilities on Mathematics students’ academic performance in public and private schools (z (298) = 18.05; p = 0.67 > α = 0.05). From the findings of the study therein, it was recommended that; more instructional facilities should be provided by stakeholders in the education in other to foster effective teaching and learning processes to the benefits of the learners/students in schools; the government should not relax in its effort of proving succor urban and rural schools. It should also encourage Parent-Teacher Association (PTA), philanthropists, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the society at large to join its efforts in the form of Private-Public Partnership (PPP) for salvaging the schools from total collapse; Administrators or managers of public and private school should seek other facets of ameliorating hardships faced in running the educational industry.
Keywords: School instructional facilities, School type, Students Mathematics, Performance
SCHOOL LEADERS INCORPORATING LIFE LONG LEARNING PROGRAMME INTO THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM FOR STUDENTS TRANSFORMATION: CHALLENGES AND THE WAYFORWARD
*LOVE EFFIONG EBUK (Ph.D); & **DR. A.A. ABDULLAHI (PhD)
*Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. **Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja.
The paper was on school leaders incorporating lifelong learning programmes for students’ transformation: challenges and the way forward. The study was carried out in secondary schools, Uyo Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Three research questions were set to guide the study. The researchers applied survey research design for the study. The population of the study was twenty-four (24) principals from twenty-four (24) senior secondary schools in Uyo sensational District Akwa Ibom State Uyo. The sample of the study was twenty-four (24) principals sampled through purpose sampling technique. The reliability of the study was done by presenting the instrument to five (5) principals to respond to. Test-retest method of reliability was used to obtain the internal consistency. The reliability index of 0.78 was obtained through Combrach alpha statistics. Mean statistics was used to analyse the research questions. The finding of the study proved that the school leaders incorporated lifelong learning programmes into the educational system, school leaders faced with some problems when incorporating the educational programmes and that they proffered solutions to the problems of incorporating lifelong learning programes into the educational system . Based on the findings of the study the researchers recommended that, both Federal and State governments should support the school leaders financially to introduce lifelong learning education into the educational system. These government should also provide scholarship to indigent but brilliant students who wants to avail themselves with lifelong education.
Keywords: School Leaders, Life Long Learning, Transformation, Challenges and Way Forward
THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION ON STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF BAUCHI STATE-NIGERIA
DR JACOB ITSE DABO
Bauchi State University Gadau, Faculty of Education, Department of Science Education.
This study was designed to examine the Role of Motivation on Staff Productivity in Selected Secondary Schools in Toro Local Government of Bauchi State. Related literatures that have direct bearing with the study were reviewed. The survey research method was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised both teaching and non-teaching staffs in the selected secondary schools in Toro Local Government Area of Bauchi state. The total numbers of 90 staffs were randomly selected from 6 selected secondary schools of the study area. After collection of the distributed questionnaires, the responses were tailed to each of the questions. Simple percentage (%) was used in analyzing the data collected which were based on Yes or No responses. The findings indicated that motivational factors such as good salaries, conducive working environment, remunerations, reward, incentives just to mention but a few which aids productivity are lacking in schools. Therefore, the study recommends among others that staff salary package be reviewed and conducive working environment be provided so as to increase high productivity among staffs in schools.
Keywords: Role, Motivation, Productivity, Staff and Working Environment.
TRANSFORMATIONAL AND TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLES AS CORRELATES OF STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES OF SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA
UDO, CLEMENT SAMUEL; & AJI, SAMUEL OCHE
Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo
The study was conducted to examine how transformational and transactional leadership styles correlates with staff productivity in university libraries in South South Nigeria. The research design adopted in this study was correlational research design. This study was carried out in Universities of Uyo and Calabar Libraries. The population of this study comprised 201 respondents (45 professionals and 156 para professionals) consisting of 167 librarians in university of Uyo and 34 librarians in university of Calabar. Census sampling technique was adopted to arrive the sample size of 201 respondents. The instruments for data collection were two researcher developed questionnaires entitled “Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles Questionnaire” (TATLSQ) for professionals and “Library Staff Productivity Questionnaire” (LSPQ) for para-professionals. The instruments were subjected to face validity by research experts. The reliability of the instruments was established by trial testing. The data obtained were analysed using Cronbach Alpha statistics to obtain reliability coefficients of .78 for TATLSQ and .89 for LSPQ. The researchers with the help of research assistants administered copies of the questionnaire to the respondents in their offices. Out of 161 copies of questionnaire served, only 154 were useful for analysis. Data obtained were statistically treated with Pearson Product Moment Correlation for the research questions and research hypotheses. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 significance level. The findings showed that librarians’ transformational leadership style had a very high positive relationship with staff productivity while librarians’ transactional leadership style had a moderate positive relationship with staff productivity. The study recommended among others that Librarians who are leaders should possess qualities of transactional roles to enable stable productivity among staff.
Keywords: leadership styles, transformational, transactional, staff productivity, university library
SIGNIFICANT OF RECORD KEEPING AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN TAFAWA BALEWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
*BULBUDAM ARDO; **NDULUE LORETA CHINYERE; & ***ARDO MAJI ALIYU
*Department Of Arts and Social Sciences, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State. **Department of Social Science and Humanities, School of General Studies Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. ***Psychology Department, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
The paper examines the meaning of record keeping, highlight various types of records needed, identify the significant of record keeping among primary school pupils, state challenges to record keeping and discuss various techniques and strategies of safe guarding pupils records in schools. The paper also state some examples of statutory and non statutory school records among primary school pupils in Tafawa Balewa Local Government Area. Implications for counseling, conclusion, recommendations which include research grants, sponsors and local, governments bodies, international organisations should fund extensive research on record keeping for better improvement of education nation wide form part of the writes-up
Keywords: Record keeping, pupils, significant, primary and Local Government
PRINCIPALS INCORPORATING COLLABORATIVE EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES PLANNING TECHNIQUES FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TEACHING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA
LOVE EFFIONG EBUK; & DR. HAUWA MOHAMMED (PhD)
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
The paper focused on principals incorporating collaborative education and human resources planning techniques to enhance teaching in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. Survey research design was used and two research questions were set for the study. The population of the study was eleven (11) municipals (ERC 2018) and the sample of the study was also eleven (11) principals, sampled through purposive sampling technique. The research instrument was validated by experts from the Department of Educational Management, University of Abuja. The reliability of the study was carried out by conducting a pilot study. Test-retest analysis was used for data analysis. The reliability coefficient index of 0.66 was obtained when analyzing using Crombach alpha. Mean statistics was used to analyse the research questions. The findings of the study proved that: the principals did not incorporate collaborative education to enhance teaching in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. The finding of the present study also revealed that the principals did not incorporate human resources planning techniques to enhance teaching in secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area council, Abuja. Based on the finding of the study the researchers recommended that.
Keywords: Educational Leaders, Collaborative Education, Human Resources, Planning techniques and Teaching
GEOGRAPHICAL APPROACH TO EDUCATIONAL DELIVERY SYSTEM IN RURAL AREAS AMIDST DWINDLING ECONOMY AND INSECURITY IN NIGERIA
OJO, MATTHEW OLUBAMIJI; & ABIODUN ABEEBLAHI, OLAWUWO
Department of Geography (School of Secondary Education, Arts and Social Science Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This Paper introduced its readers to the concept of dwindling economy and insecurity in rural areas. It sheds light on the rationale for rural, as it explains the rurality’ socially constructed and based on more characteristics, such as feelings of community and traditionalism, more concrete features, such as landscapes or occupational structures. It also describes impact of food security on Education and impact of education on food security. This paper examined the Education delivery system in rural area amidst dwindling economy and insecurity: Geographical perspective. This was done by identifying the problems and solutions to dwindling economy and insecurity in rural area. Descriptive survey research was adopted and the paper is purely a review of contributions of several authors in the area of economy and insecurity in the community. The study revealed that rural area faced the following challenges some of which include over dependence on crude oil as a major source of revenue for the government, Level of corruptions and greediness among some people, politically motivated and terrorism violence activities and several others. Despite these challenges the following solution are also identified Provision of adequate security, provision of employment opportunities for the youth, diversification of Nigeria economy. In view of these solutions the study thereby recommended acceleration of the pace of development and good governance. A concerted and collaborative effort by all security agencies of government to combat the menace of insecurity.
Keywords: Education, Rural, Dwindling, Economy, Insecurity
ETHNOSCIENCE-ENRICHED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY AND THE TRADITIONAL TEACHING APPROACH- A PARADIGM SHIFT
1HASSAN ABDULLAHI MISAU, 2GARBA ABDULMUMINI & 3GARBA SHEHU
1School of Remedial and Continuing Education (SORCE), College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi State. 2&3Chemistry Department Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State
Science teaching and learning today is faced with myriad of challenges and problems among which is persistent poor performance of students in public examinations such as WAEC, JAMB, NECO and NABTEB. Many researchers in Science education attributed this problem to poor method of teaching being employed by science teachers in classrooms, specifically, the excessive use of lecture teaching method. Hence, they suggest the need to employ the use of more innovative and more learner-centered teaching approaches, among which is ethnoscience-enriched instructional strategy. This paper examined the meaning and efficacy of this instructional strategy over the lecture method of teaching and review some empirical studies conducted on it and finally in the conclusion part recommend its usage to our science teachers as a solution to the problem of poor student’s performance in sciences.
Keywords: Ethnoscience-Enriched Instructional Strategy, Traditional Teaching, Approach, Paradigm Shift
IMPACT OF PARENTS-TEACHER PARTNERSHIP ON PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
OBIAGWU, REBECCA BOSEDE
Department of Early Childhood Education, School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Osun State College Of Education, Ila Orangun.
This study examined the impact of Parent-Teacher Partnership on Pre-School Education. It has been observed that pre-schools in developed countries enjoy partnership with the parents of children. It also appraise parts of the school practices teachers expect parents’ partnership. It also examine the problems affecting effective Parents-Teachers Partnership and suggest possible ways of improving Parents-Teachers Partnership in pre-schools. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised all parents and teachers of pre-schoolers in Osun State. The purposive sampling technique was used in selecting one hundred and fifty teachers and one hundred and fifty parents in Boluwaduro, Ifelodun and Ila Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria. The instrument used was a self designed questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Impact of Parents-Teachers Partnership on Early Childhood Education (QIPTPECE). Data collected was analysed using percentage, mean and standard deviation. The result showed that parts of the school practices teachers expect parents partnership in the area of activities outside the classroom is high (x = 2.93) while in the area of assessment and observation (x = 2.99), provision of resources (x = 2.79). The problems affecting effective Parents-Teachers Partnership as time factor (x = 2.73), level of knowledge and awareness (x = 2.74), availability of resources (x = 2.62), motivation/attitude (x = 2.76), level of education (x = 2.90), communication (x = 2.95). It was concluded that parent do not really have the time to involve effectively, some are not well informed on the need to partner with teachers, some are not skilled to give the expected assistance while some is inability to communicate with the teachers and do not have the needful resources. Parents-Teachers Partnership is a vital tool that can help to realize the goals and objectives of Early Childhood Education in Nigeria.
Keyword: Parents, Teachers, Partnership, Pre-School, Early Childhood Education.
EFFECT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON LEARNING RATE OF NOMADIC PUPILS IN SOCIAL STUDIES IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA
HASSAN DAN AZUMI AUDU
School of ECC/PED Dept. Of Pedn, Federal College Of Education Pmb 2042 Yola, Adamawa State-Nigeria
This study determines the effectiveness of instructional materials on students learning rate of social studies in nomadic primary schools North Eastern Nigeria. The specific objectives include to determine the effect of availability of instructional materials on pupils’ interest in learning Social Studies; to ascertain the effectiveness of improvisation of instructional materials on students’ participation in Social Studies class, and to determine the effective of appropriate utilization of instructional materials on retention rate of students in Social Studies. The study adopted survey research design, while data collection was achieved through administration of questionnaire to the sampled 384 Social Studies teachers across the 324 nomadic primary schools at rate of 64 schools per state in the north eastern Nigeria. The study used frequency count, percentage and weighted average for analysis of research question while hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 significance level. The study found that availability of instructional materials influenced pupils’ interest in learning Social Studies. Also, improvisation of instructional materials promoted students’ participation in Social Studies class. Likewise, appropriate utilization of instructional materials boosts retention rate among nomadic pupils. The study concluded that instructional materials are highly relevant in teaching Social Studies for pupils in nomadic schools. The study recommends for provision of necessary learning facilities by the government and other concerned agencies. Also, teachers’ training on how to use instructional materials through workshops and seminar was recommended.
Keywords: Instructional materials, learning rate, retention rate, classroom participation and learning interest.
ANALYSIS OF OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN WOOD ASH EXPLORATION: EDUCATION FOR ALL, NORTHERN CONCEPT, THE BEAUTY OF MAYANKA 3, PATCHED MASK, JUBILATION AND SAVE FOR A RAINY DAY
OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN OPEYEMI
Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State.
Material research challenges the artist like (Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi) to explore the essence of new media in creating works that excel in form, sensibility and vision. He has explored different materials like Bones; Camel and Cow, Tiles; Broken and Used, Grog, Granite Stones, Metal Scraps and of resent Wood Ash. The aim of the study is an attempt to analyse the artworks of Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi that was produce using wood ash as a medium of expression, through observation and descriptive method of analysis thus generating documents for the artworks, medium (ash) and the artist (Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi), while the objectives were to identify and classify the artworks base on the exploration of wood ash as a medium and other medium been explored to test for the compatibility of wood ash (Mixed Media), which include the combination of ash with metal, the combination of ash and bone and the combination of the three medium which include Ash, Bone and Metal. It was these Mixed media explorations of Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi that the classifications were based upon, which led to the classification of the works into Series 1 to 4. Twelve Artworks produced out of ash were identified and classified. They are Faces 1, Faces 2, Desert Warrior 3, Jubilation, Coat of Many Colours, Twelve Maiden, Political Freedom, Northern Concept, Education for All, Patched Mask, The Beauty of Mayanka Kano (3) and Save for a Raining Day. The study chooses to identify and analyse five (5) artworks. They following were identified, reviewed pictorially and analysed. They are Northern Concept, Patched Mask, The Beauty of Mayanka 3, Patched Mask and Jubilation. It was recommended that recycling should be considered as a major course or section on its own with a full syllabus in Fine Arts. It was also recommended that ash should be adopted as a medium of expression in sculpture.
Keywords: Osiboye Oluwaseun, Jubilation, Northern Concept, Education for All, Patched Mask, The Beauty of Mayanka Kano and Save for a Raining Day
EXPLORING THE USE OF TEACHING METHODS AMONG SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS
MOFOLUWAWO ESTHER OMONIYI, Ph.D; AJIBADE ISMAIL OYEBANJI; & OGUNNIYI OMOLAYO AYODELE
Department of Social Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria.
This paper title exploring the use of teaching methods among social studies teachers. The paper discloses many teaching methods with advantages as well as disadvantage available to Social Studies teachers. It however notes that no single method of teaching Social Studies can adequately fit all learning situations. The paper recommended that the combination of the methods would definitely help in achieving the desired instructional objectives.
Keywords: Teaching, Social Studies, Methods, Teaching Method, Teachers, Exploring.
MEDIATING EFFECT OF STRATEGIC COMMUNICATION ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANGUAGE PLANNING AND NATIONAL SECURITY
*ADEBAYO TAWAKALIT OYENIKE; **J. C. UNACHUKWU; *AJAYI OLAYEMI OLUSOLA; & *OLAKUNLE MODUPE
*School of Vocational and Technical Education, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria. **Department of Insurance, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria
This study examines the mediating effect of strategic communication on the relationship between language planning and national security. The study incorporated data from 200 participants, including lawyers, politicians, academics, and journalists, and Pearson Correlation and Structure Equation Modelling were used to analyze the data. Results show that language planning has important relevance for strategic communication and national security. It was also shown that strategic communications are positively related to national security. This study confirms previous research claims that language planning and strategic communication are powerful tools to bring complete peace to a nation. Evidence also shows that strategic communication partially mediates between language programs and national security. This connotes that strategic communications pave the way for language planning to influence national security. Therefore, the Nigerian government should develop and implement policies and programs that can address the root causes of Nigeria’s unrest through languages understood by all citizens.
Keywords: Language planning, Strategic communication, National security, Politicians, Lawyers.
TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION AT SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL OF EDUCATION: AN EXPLORATION OF ITS IMPORTANCE AND PROBLEMS IN CLASSROOM DELIVERY
AUTA, IBRAHIM KANYA; IBRAHIM, MUSTAPHA AFOLABI; & KAJINYANA, JOSEPH AYEACE
Department of English, Kebbi State Polytechnic, Dakingari, Kebbi State, Nigeria.
This paper takes a cursory look at the concept of reading comprehension – one of the basic components in English language as enshrined in the curriculum of senior secondary school level of Education in Nigeria. It identifies the advantages and roles played by reading comprehension in enhancing academic performance in virtually all school subjects among senior secondary school students in Nigeria. It explores some of the strategies to teaching reading comprehension and highlights practical problems associated with delivery of lessons in the teaching and learning of reading comprehension in typical classrooms of senior secondary schools in Nigeria. These problems include: lack of proper implementation of curriculum; unsuitable choice of language teaching strategies; inadequate instructional resources; and so on. The paper contends that to provide possible solutions to the identified problems, qualified English language teachers must be employed to handle reading comprehension; and the use of modern technology in lesson delivery by teachers should be encouraged. The educational implication which aims at stimulating students’ academic performance in all school subjects may be ineffective if the issues are not handled wisely. The paper concludes that senior secondary school students must acquire the reading comprehension abilities, as it forms the basis for all learning activities. Finally, the paper suggests that teachers of English language should be exposed to more training so as to acquire knowledge of different language strategies. This could go a long way in ameliorating the problems in teaching reading comprehension at senior secondary school in Nigeria.
Keyword: English Language, Reading Comprehension, Classroom delivery, Comprehension Strategies, Language Teaching.
STRATEGIES FOR REPOSITIONING VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT SECURITY IN NIGERIA
ADEGOKE-SAMUEL, ELIZABETH; & OGUNBEKUN AYOBAMI OLUWAFEMI
Department of Business Education, School of Secondary Education (Vocational and Technical Programmes), Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) are learning experiences that can make one to be self-sustained. Today, more liberal art, education, science and vocational and technical education graduates are being turned out every year with their minds fixed on white-collar jobs that are not readily available. Vocational and technical education orientation towards skill acquisition, knowledge, competence, abilities, attitudes and capabilities that affords the discipline essential role in the economic development of any nation: it also creates employment and reduces poverty. This paper identified vocational and technical education as a career that prepares one for the challenges of unemployment and that vocational and technical education in no doubt has become a force in the education sector to be reckoned with. The paper as well looks into the career opportunities in VTE, unemployment in Nigeria, politics and a number of strategies for repositioning VTE in Nigeria. The paper therefore recommended that effort should be geared at all levels to reposition VTE in order to meet the demand for modern technological advancement in the world of work.
Keywords: Repositioning, Strategies, Unemployment, Vocational and Technical Education.
SUSTAINABLE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT, MECHANISM FOR WEALTH CREATION. A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, YOLA
*MAHMOUD LIMAN BELLO; *DR. OKUBANJO .O; & **ZUBAINATU ABBA
*College Academic Planning, Research and Statistics Unit, Federal College of Education, Yola. **Department of Biology, Federal College of Education, Yola
Waste Management is one among the most pressing issues in environmental management, considering the fact that rate of waste collection and disposal lag behind the rate of generation resulting in waste accumulation. This study examines the existing solid waste management in Federal College of Education, Yola, with a view to an innovative technique and culture of sustainable waste management. The College has students’ population of above seven thousand (7,000) with seven (7) hostels each for male and female. Administrative block, lecture venues, Students Park, shopping centers and sports arenas served as the sampling points for the study. The type of waste generated in the College environment comprised of degradable and non-degradable materials which included household wastes, plastics, Polythenes bags, various metals, glass, cans, used plastic water bottles and various packaging items. An individual in the College produced an average of 0.269kg ± .038kg of solid waste per day and as living standard rises; people consume more and generate more waste. The research project developed a baseline data on the types of waste, quantity generated and sorting strategy at each sampling point. Some of the waste materials were converted to useful product as paper briquettes for use as alternative energy and compost for vegetables production, thus contributing to economic and wealth creation.
Keywords: Degradable, Environment, Non Degradable, Solid waste, Wealth creation.
A STYLISTICS ANALYSIS OF THE SELECTED POEM OF SHEIKH BABAYO MUHAMMAD GOMBE (KHALAJATUN NAFSI)
دراسة أسلوبية لقصيدة الشيخ بَابَيُ محمد”خلجات النفس” إعداد وتقديم:
YUSUF ALIYU MUSA; & YALWA ALKALI
يوسف علي موسى و يَلْوَا أَلْكَالِي
A.D.Rufa’i College of Education Legal and General Studies
كلية أحمد الرفاعي للتربية والقانون والدراسات العامة مِسَوْ ولاية بَوْشِي
The effort in writing the paper is made to concentrate on the main Content of the selected Arabic poem of minstrel Babayo Muhammad one of the Arabic poems writers in Gombe, the paper has been motivated to write on this topic so as to appraise the degree and level of Arabic literary production in Misau and Bauchi at large, and also to appraise the Arabic Literature with regard to public Researchers in poems of (Babayo Muhammad). The paper also looks at the phenomenon features of the poem such as the Stylistics. The paper has been divided into sections. Section one covers the introduction, Section two discussed the life History of Babayo Muhammad , three exposed the poem, Section four listed Stylistics definitions, Sections five and six focused on the analysis, of deferens repetitions on Arabic context of the Sheikh. Section seven the conclusion tried to summarize the main features of what has been discussed in the research, finally, the list of references observes in the article.
هذه المقالة تهدف إلى تتبع واحدة من قصائد الشيخ بَابَيُو محمد أحد شعراء مدينة غُوَنْبِي، والمقالة تحاول إلى إبراز قيمة الأدب العربي في مدينة مِسَوْ خاصة وفي ولاية بَوْشِي عامة، ولتساعد الدارسين والباحثين في الكشف عن غطاء قصائد الشيخ، ولتظهر اللطائف الكامنة تحت هذه القصائد، منها روائع الأساليب، وقد قُسّم البحث إلى أقسام، منها ما يلقي الضوء حول المقدمة ويليه موجز ترجمة الشيخ وعرض القصيدة، وتعريف الأسلوبية وتحليل سلسلة المستوى الصوتي والدلالي والتركيبي والموسيقى الخارجية الواردة فيها، ثم الخاتمة فالمصادر والمراجع.