TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 11 (2) NOVEMBER, 2022 EDITION. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
RESURGENCE OF CARGOTECTURE TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DELIVERY IN NIGERIA
1ODETOYE SUNDAY ADEOLA; 2ABUBAKAR ALIYU MUNKAILA; 3OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED; 4OYEWO OLALEKAN ABDULMOJEED
1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2&3Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria
The revival of container architecture and in other words, cargotecture with the use of shipping container for accommodation in Nigeria has gone beyond small-scale commercial purposes as Qatar used numbers 974 shipping containers for one of its 2020 FIFA stadiums to be deconstructed and recycled afterwards! Everybody is in need of safe, secured and affordable housing with basic necessity for every family. The innovation is fast being deployed to create Nigeria’s tailored made solution to the housing problem based on its unique potential of quick to build, portability, environmental friendly, affordability and most importantly ease to maintain. The purpose of this paper is to work on the impact of container architecture, how it has fared and the necessary adjustments needed in bridging the gap of housing deficit in Nigeria. The review of extant literatures will be used in showcasing standard container architecture and its relationship to sustainable housing delivery in Nigeria. To overcome this challenge there is the need to shift from the use of conventional high cost of building to something more innovative and have suitable improvement practices that would not only be cost-effective, environment-friendly and easy to construct but also would be acceptable to all people, especially the less privileged. It has been recommended that government and stakeholders should strictly enforce and implement the laws that will promote container architecture and cargotecture towards sustainable development in Nigerian built environment.
KEYWORDS: Architecture, container, environmental, and sustainable
ASSESSMENT OF NUPE CULTURAL FEATURES IN A MULTIMEDIA STUDIO IN BIDA, NIGER STATE
JIYA JOHN NINMA; & CHARLES MAKUN
Department of Architecture, School of environmental technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger state.
The constant evolution of culture has created new hybrids between art, film, media, advertising, journalism, architecture, and many other spheres that have an impact on human culture. These hybrids sometimes call for a paradigm shift or at least challenge our cultural philosophies or ideologies. As a result of technological transformation through industrialization, most public buildings in Nigeria are beginning to lack its indigenous Architecture within their cultural context. In addition, Studies have shown that most public buildings in Nigeria are lacking indigenous people’s spatial needs and cultural values and they are profound among the minority ethnic groups. As such, a public building such as a media house ought to reflect the culture of its location. This study focuses on evaluating the application of Nupe cultural features in the design of a multimedia studio in Bida. Media houses were selected randomly in Bida, Niger state to know how modernization has influenced the rich culture of the Nupe people. The research method employed in this study is the qualitative research method and the process of observation has been employed for gathering data. An observation schedule was used as an instrument for data collection and these data were sampled using the non-random sampling method. These data were analyzed through content analysis and the findings showed that the cultural feature has not been properly adopted in multimedia designs. The study concludes that a public building such as a media house should reflect the culture of its location and this can be achieved by prioritizing cultural artistic inputs on building by professionals and by extension, promoting the culture and art of its people.
KEYWORDS: Nupe cultural features, Hybrids, Public building, Multimedia.
THE IMPACT OF INTERACTIVE SPACES ON LEARNING: A MINI REVIEW
MUSTAPHA MARYAM; & LATEEF A. LAWAL
Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
The built spaces are essential for facilitating learning, and encouraging learners to reach their goal. However, some spaces outside the designated classrooms serve as extensions for learning to continue which are often ignored. This mini review assessed the evidence on the impact such spaces may have on learning for students. The review focused on the existing research on interactive spaces in schools, and highlighted their importance, design, and as support tools to promote learning process.
Keywords interactive spaces, learning, outdoor spaces.
PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE OF CAREER INFORMATION ON CAREER ASPIRATION AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN POTISKUM METROPOLIS, YOBE STATE – NIGERIA
DR AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Art and Education, Yobe State University, Potiskum, Yobe State, Nigeria.
Guidance and counselling programme has become an important integral part of the school system in Nigeria. Career information services which are components of the guidance and counselling programme are vital activities because one of the long-term goals of education is career placement. If education is to realize this goal, then learners should have appropriate career information and undertake career exploration to boost their aspirations before making career choices. The purpose of this study was to find out the influence of career information on career aspiration among senior secondary school students in Potiskum metropolis, Yobe state, and the study looked into the students’ aspiration, school counsellors, and principals on the influence of career guidance and counselling. The study was a descriptive survey. The study was conducted at Potiskum metropolis, Yobe state. The target population was all the students from senior secondary school 3 in the 5 public senior secondary schools in the study areas. Simple random sampling was used to select 208 students from 5 schools, for the study. In addition, 4 school counsellors and 4 principals to be included in the sample. The data was collected using a questionnaire for students and interview schedules for the principals and school counsellors and was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer programme. Descriptive statistics (frequency tables, percentages and cross tabulations), were used in data analysis. The findings of the study showed that students, school counsellors, and class teachers perceived that career guidance and counselling played a significant role in the career aspirations of senior secondary school students. Majority of the students in Yobe’s secondary schools were found to have low levels of career awareness. There were no gender differences in students’ career awareness, but female students had higher levels of career planning than male students. The results were expected to be significant in enriching the school managements, ministry of education, school educators, school principals, career masters and teacher counsellors, parents and students through provision of appropriate career guidance and counselling services to secondary school students and beyond.
Keywords: Career Aspiration, Career Decision, Career., Counseling, Career counseling, Career decision, Career development, Career guidance, Job opportunities, Vocational Guidance,
CONTINUING EDUCATION OF TEACHERS IN NIGERIA: SOME CRITICAL ISSUES IN ITS IMPLEMENTATION
*DR KOLO ALFA IDRIS; & **DR HAUWA GIMBA MUHAMMAD
*Department of Continuing Education and Community Development, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai. Niger State. Nigeria. **Department of Adult Education and Community Services, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria,
The paper examined the situation of continuing education of teachers in Nigeria. The paper sees continuing as a veritable channel for sharpening the professional competence of the teacher especially in coping with the changing demands of his job. The provisions made for continuing education of teachers by the National Policy on Education have been analyzed along with the extent of their implementation. The paper argues that for an effective organization and delivery of professional renewal programmes for teachers in Nigeria, issues such as policy implementation, quality control and finance of continuing education have been properly addressed. To this end, the paper recommends a restructuring of the role and focus of the National Teachers Institute to make it more alive to its responsibility as the organ for enhancing teacher effectiveness.
IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ON ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY AND GROWTH OF NIGERIA (1985-2021). ARDL APPROACH
ABDULLAHI MOHAMMED KWAYA1, ISAH ABUBAKAR2, BURGASA USMAN3 AND ALHERI PINDAR KWAJAFFA4
1Department of Economics and Development Studies, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State Nigeria. 2, 3 & 4College of education Waka Biu, Borno State.
This study examined the impact of agricultural sector on the economic sustainability and growth of Nigeria from 1985-2021. Secondary data were sourced from world development indictor 2020. Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach were adopted for the study. The result of the study shows that AGROUT was positive and statistically insignificant in influencing gross domestic product (GDP) by 21% and 37% in the short run and long run, INFR and MSSP was found to have negative but insignificant impact; in both the short run and long run, EXRT shows a negative impact in influencing economic growth in Nigeria in the short run but had a positive impact but statistically insignificant. The study recommend that government should improve the current proportion of agricultural loan guaranteed, reduce the requirement of the credit scheme to peasant farmers by constant monitoring where the need arises and also invest heavily in agricultural sector in order to boost the sector and thereby improving economic growth of Nigeria.
Keywords: Agricultural Sector, Economic Growth, ARDL, Error Correction
ABUJA’S FCT: THE AMOUNT, TYPES, CAUSES, AND CONSEQUENCES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WORKING-CLASS WOMEN
BAHAGO, SAMAILA BENEDICT
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja
In the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, a study was done to determine the degree of knowledge, forms, causes, and effects of domestic violence against working-class women victims. The study’s objectives were to ascertain how well working-class women in the FCT were aware of domestic abuse and to present a domestic violence counselling framework to assist victims in coping with it. The study was conducted using a descriptive survey research approach, with four key research topics. A purposive selection method was used to choose 600 respondents from among working-class women in the FCT for the sample. The researcher developed a 40-item Likert form questionnaire to ask the respondents about their experiences with domestic violence. The data were analysed using the mean. The study’s conclusions showed that working-class women abuse victims in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Abuja, Nigeria, have very low awareness and perception levels of domestic abuse by their spouses. Among other findings, the findings offered very high scores for victims of domestic abuse having very little knowledge of domestic violence laws and policies that prevent domestic violence against working-class women. Recommendations: Establishing a framework for counselling services for victims of domestic violence throughout Nigeria, not just in the Federal Capital Territory. Additionally, the Nigerian government should step up its efforts to prosecute offenders and enforce laws and other regulations to reduce the threat of domestic violence in FCT Abuja and throughout the country.
Key Words: Domestic violence counselling, working-class women, and domestic violence.
CHARCOAL STOVE (KOLLYSON-YOYO) INNOVATION WITH THERMAL PERFORMANCE, SAFETY AND DURABILITY FOR WOMEN IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA
SIKIRU GBENGA K.; OLORUNDARE OLUFUNKE O.; OLORI OKE OLUSOLAPE.; AYORINDE JAMES; OLADEJO AFOLABI O.; & JOHN OMOKOJE
Department of Pest Management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
The cooking stoves used by households are not always efficient and pose serious environmental and health problems. Improving the energy efficiency of cookstoves reduces biomass consumption and thus the anthropogenic pressure on forests. This work aims to identify the best charcoal cooking stove(s) in terms of energy performance, safety and sustainability. The approach combines the combined study of the energy performance, safety and durability of charcoal cooking cookers. A representative sample of five types of charcoal stoves commonly used in Nigeria is tested according to the requirements of the ISO 19867 standard. These are the square cooking stove, the circular cooking stove, the clay cooking stove,the Nansu cooking and Kollyson-Yoyo stove. The results show two stoves with the best performance: The Nansu stove with a total energy efficiency of 21.43% and an output of 0.9 kW and the Kollyson-Yoyo Charcoal stove with a total energy efficiency of 24.12% and an output of 0.71 kW. These two stoves are made of clay and double metal walledcoupled with a blowerof 12volt power bank respectfully. They both offer the best safety with an overall average rating of 61.5 and70.5 for. The Kollyson-Yoyo stove has better durability than the clay stove. This study thus contributes to the preservation of the environment and health through the recommendation of efficient, safe and durable charcoal cookers to be promoted.
Keywords: Charcoal stove, Energy performance, Safety, Health risks, Thermal performance
UNDERSTANDING NIGERIA AS A CIRCULAR NATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS IMPLICATION FOR UNITY
*VEN EGESI JONATHAN C.; **VEN DURUJI SIMEON UGOCHUKWU. (PhD); & ***MRS IJEOMA EZE-CHUKWUNYERE NWEBO (PhD)
*Imo State Polytechnic Omuma-Oru East, Imo State, Nigeria. **Department of Religion and Cultural Studies, (A.I.F.C.E) Owerri-Nigeria. ***(A.I.F.C.E) Owerri-Nigeria.
Nigeria as a country being circular in its nature implies a situation where people from other religions and ethnic nationalities and backgrounds are considered duly and considered to be accorded the necessary privileges both in the scheme of things and other wise. Let the above be as it may. Since the amalgamation of the various parts of the country in the year 1914, the journey to the actualization of great things has seemed an ardous task as the amalgamated protectorates have found it sacrilegious to co-habit with each other making the various parts of the country look tensioned and delicate if not fragile. The question every right thinking Nigerian should ask him/herself and answer is this. How did we arrive at where we are today? Is it by intention or omission? How well can we tolerate ourselves and live together? If impossible, how then can we all actualize self determination other than breed bitterness and bigotry. The above statement form the gamut of this study. A handful of data collection techniques were used in this study as interviews, periodicals, journal and the internet. The functionalist theory was adopted for this study thereafter,the conclusion was drawn.
Keywords: Understanding, Nigeria, Circular Nation, Century and Implication
EFFECT OF FINANCIAL FRAUD ON NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: NIGERIA PROJECT
*OLATUNJI, TUNDE E. (PHD); *DAUDA, ADAMU ABUBAKAR; *ALKALI PRISCILLA N.; *SHEHU UMAR; & **DOGARA NASIRU DANLADI (PHD)
*Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. **Nasarawa State Board of Internal Revenue, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
The financial scandals which have appeared in recent times have placed fraud at the heart of economic and financial issues. Fraud by executives has disastrous consequences as it results in huge losses for investors and creditors, and especially for the company itself. Most of these frauds were often in the form of accounting and financial manipulation, and they have evolved to change forms. Fraud is a hidden crime and businesses cannot assume that all frauds have been detected. It is extremely unlikely that the detected fraud within an organization will represent the total financial impact of fraud on that organization, or the total loss from fraud they have experienced. It is a fact that some individuals will look to make gains where there is opportunity, and organizations need robust processes in place to prevent, detect and respond to fraud. Fraud impacts on people, industries, public bodies, services, economy, and the environment and all of these can be irreversibly harmed. The research therefore recommends that Auditors and Accountants in organizations and financial institutions should be trained on how to carry out forensic investigation since the fraudsters are now sophisticated in their operation. Also, internal control systems should be strengthened to block opportunities that attract fraud perpetrators and oversight function of the National Assembly be strengthened to make public office holders accountable.
Keywords: Fraud, deterrence and prevention, Return on Assets, Financial institutions, National Development
DIGITAL DESIGN IN THE 21st CENTURY: PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS
*BLESSED MAZADU ZAKI; *LUQMAN AHMAD GWADABE; *ABDULLAHI SADAUKI; **ALHASSAN DAHIRU DAN’AREWA; & *IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR
*Department of Architecture, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. **Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria
Design practice has considerably transformed over the last three decades especially due to the development of digital technology in which the technology of computer graphics and imaging has created a new context, where the original craftsman-like manner of designing has been made relatively obsolete. This study is geared towards looking at the prospects and challenges of this new trend in the design practice and a literature review was used to gain information. The findings showed that digital design has improved many aspects of the design activity and productivity, but it also carries the risk of allowing designers and engineers to rush to conclusion prematurely. The study recommends that proper management processes are required to guard against the challenges.
KEYWORDS: Digital technology, Design practice, Architecture, Digital Architecture
WOMEN IN TOP MANAGEMENT AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM LISTED DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State
This study Women in top Management and financial performance: evidence from listed deposit money banks in Nigeria was conducted with the aim of finding out how the criterion variable of financial performance (proxies by ROE and ROA) are influenced by the predictor variable of women in top management (proxies by woman CEO, woman Chairperson, Woman presence on boards and the proportion of women to men on the board). While board size was used as a control variable. The study population and sample was made up of the 13 listed deposit money banks that consistently prepare and published annual reports for the period 2011-2020. Content analysis was employed to obtain data from annual reports and regression model was used to analysed the data. The findings revealed that both ROE and ROA are significantly influenced by women in top management. The study therefore recommends that women should be provided with more opportunity to serve in top management and other sectors of the economy should also introduce quotas as obtainable in banks.
Keywords: Women in top management; financial performance; Women CEO; Women chairperson; Return on Equity; Return on Assets
INTERNATIONAL GOODS PRICE BLOWS AND INDUSTRIALIZATION IN OIL-EXPORTING AFRICAN COUNTRIES: CASES OF OIL AND COCOA IN NIGERIA
*ADEGOKE BABATUNDE; **FELIX OGBAMUDU COLLINS; ***IKEH NNAEMEKA STANLEY; & ****KANU NNABUGWU
*Deputy Director/State Coordinator, National Productivity Centre, Kwara State Office. **Consultancy and Business Development (CBD), National Productivity Centre, Headquarters. ***Consultancy and Business Development (CBD), National Productivity Centre, Enugu State Office. ****Productivity Measurement and Index (PMI), National Productivity Centre, Owerri State Office
Distortions arising from commodity price shocks are often perceived to be responsible for the highly intractable trajectories of commodity dependent countries‟ macroeconomic fundamentals to be leading to poor industrial growth and hence slow industrialization. This study examines the response of industrial, manufacturing and service sectors‟ output from international commodity prices as well as their shocks in Nigeria using crude oil and cocoa prices as cases. While the study employs the Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM) to examine the impact of commodity prices on industrial development, the study uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model, corroborated by the impulse response and variance decomposition from the Vector Autoregression (VAR) framework, for the estimation of the impact of shocks using quarterly data from 1981: Q1 to 2015:Q4. While the study finds robust evidence regarding the positive impact of commodity prices on industrialisation process, it finds mixed evidence with respect to the impact of commodity price shocks on industrial development of Nigeria. Shocks impact is largely negative but with time lags for oil price and positive but insignificant for cocoa prices. Rethinking and expanding the productive base and capacity of the economy as well as critical public and private sector participation in the industrial, manufacturing and services subsectors will serve as a massive boost to trigger the rapid industrialisation process the economy yearns for.
Key words: Commodity Prices, Oil, Cocoa, Manufacturing, Services, Industrialization, Industrial Development and ARDL
THE EFFECT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS ON THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF LISTED BANKS IN NIGERIA
IBRAHIM ABDULAZEEZ1, MUHAMMAD AUWAL KABIR2, & ABDULKADIR ABUBAKAR3
1Accountancy Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi – Nigeria. 2&3Department of Accounting, Bauchi State University, Gadau – Nigeria
The aim of this paper is to examine how Information Technology (IT) investments effect the financial performance listed Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). The independent variable of the study is IT investments and the dependent variable is financial performance measured in terms of Return on Asset (ROA). The study used a longitudinal research design covering 13 commercial banks listed on the NSE with secondary data for the period 2011 – 2020 financial years. The effect of IT investments on the financial performance of the banks were analyzed using random effect panel regression after conducting Hausman test to validate the appropriateness of the regression model. The findings reveal a mixed behavioral effect of IT assets on firm performance. while the effect of Information Technology Investment in Software (ITIS) on ROA of the selected banks is statistically and positively significant, the effect of Information Technology Investment in Hardware (ITIH) on the financial performance of the selected banks is statistically and negatively significant. Therefore, the study recommends that the management of listed Deposit Money Banks (DMB) in Nigeria should invest in both Software and Hardware as a source of competitive advantage in their early days when they were expensive and not available to everyone as against using them merely as a competitive necessity in order to improve their ROA. Finally, the study would be of interest to professionals and a guide to Board of Directors and executive management teams in making IT investments decisions as well as using IT to create business value.
Keywords: IT investments, Software investments, Hardware investments, financial performance, Return on Asset.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT) ON PERCEPTION OF RAPE AMONG MALE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RIVERS STATE
*CHIKEZIE VICTORIA CHINEME PhD; & **MACLEAN ONISOYA PhD
*University Demonstration Primary School (UDPS), Uniport. **Department of Educational Foundations, Rivers State University, PMB 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State
This study examined Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on perception of rape among male secondary school students in Rivers State. The quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. Six purposes, six research questions and six hypotheses guided the study. The population of the 276 public secondary schools was estimated at 16,829. The sample of 463 male students was selected through purposive sampling technique. A self-structured instrument titled “Male Students’ Perception of Rape Likert Scale Questionnaire” (MSPRLSQ) was used to generate data. The MSPRLSQ was validated by the researcher’s supervisor and two experts in the field of Measurement and Evaluation. The reliability of 0.82 was determined using test-re-test. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer all the research questions, while Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that, there was no significant difference in male students’ knowledge of rape in the experimental group (CBT) as indicated by their pre-test scores, there was no significant difference in male students’ knowledge of rape in the experimental group (CBT) and control group as indicated by their post-test scores, there was no significant difference in male student’s knowledge of rape in the experimental group and as indicated by their pre-test and post-test scores. From the findings, the following recommendations were made, school teachers and school administrators should create awareness on preventive methods against rape, and every secondary school should have a zero-tolerance on the issue of rape.
Keywords: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Perception, Rape, Male. Secondary School.
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS AND REMEDIES OF CHANGE ORDER IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
RAJI MOHAMMED MUDASHIR; ABUBAKAR HAMZA SAKWA; YARIMA MOHAMMED; IBRAHIM IDRIS; AHMAD MOHAMMED AHMAD; & FILIBUS IBRAHIM DANFITOH
Department of Quantity Surveying, The Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Change order is observed as one of the most frequently occurring issues in construction projects in Nigeria. These changes are known to impact various aspects of the projects. This study assessed the effect of change orders on public building projects in Bauchi State with a view to reducing them. The objectives of the study include: determining the causes of change orders; identifying the effects of change orders; and then recommending strategies to minimize variation orders. A comprehensive review of relevant literature resulted in the identification of 8 common causes of variation orders, 7 effects of variation orders, and 10 recommended strategies to minimize the variation orders. A desk study and questionnaire survey were carried out to identify the causes of variation orders, and their impacts on public building projects and to seek recommendations to reduce them. The desk study was conducted on fifty-five samples size and the causes of change orders and their impacts on the projects were identified. The questionnaire responses were analyzed using SPSS descriptive statistics and the results were ranked using the average mean. The results indicated Risk factors, the complexity of design, Governmental financial problems, poor procurement process, and varying specifications by the consultant were the most causes of change orders. The results also showed that Productivity degradation, quality degradation, cost overrun, time overrun and delay in completion have the most effect on change. The findings also suggested the most recommended strategies to minimize change orders. These strategies include Value engineering, comprehensive design details, reduction of contingency, completeness of order documentation, and adequate payment from the client to lessen change on public building projects.
Keywords: Change, Change orders, Building projects, Public Institutions, Bauchi State
COMMON ERRORS IN THE USE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE: A THREAT TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE USAGE IN NIGERIA
NOEL DONATUS SHIOLBIAL
Department of Basic Studies, Platea State College of Agriculture Garkawa, Platea State, Nigeria.
English is a second language in Nigeria because it is non-indigenous, it was introduced by British Colonialists and Missionaries into the country. The roles and functions English language has assumed since its introduction into the country are outlined. Since Nigeria functions in virtually all spheres of life in English language, a variety known, internationally acceptable and intelligible exists as the standard Nigerian English. What is really of concern is the increasing deviations noticeable in the speech and writings of Nigerians from the grammar of English. The error laden English spoken by many people in the country may well be replacing the standard Nigerian English if the situation is not checked. The root causes of the problem are pointed out recommendations are made towards curbing the negative trend.
Keywords: English language, standard Nigerian English, grammar, errors, varieties of English, second language, mother tongue.
DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND ENVIRONMENT IN NIGERIA
1ABUBAKAR ALIYU MUNKAILA; 2MABADEJE JOSHUA A.; & 3JAMILU MUSA MALEKA
Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria
Well urban planning, including encouraging green spaces and sustainable food systems, can have a positive impact on food security and nutrition. It can also help to develop the livelihoods and well-being of people residing in urban and peri-urban communities. Cities are already responsible for 70 percent of global waste and consume almost 80 percent of the world’s energy. Whilst this rapid urbanisation has been the catalyst for innovative solutions in many areas, including housing, transportation and infrastructure, one key factor is often overlooked: food security and nutrition.
Keywords: Building, Environmental and Sustainability
INNOVATION IN PROCESS, PRODUCT, AND MANAGEMENT: THE KERNEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY STRATEGY
*ALABI ADETOYIN OLUWAFUNMILAYO; **JOHN EGWA; & ***OSARHIEMEN MERCY
*Productivity Measurement and Index (PMI), National Productivity Centre, Edo State Office. **Productivity Capacity Building (PCB), National Productivity Centre, Headquarters. ***Corporate Affairs and Information (CAI), National Productivity Centre, Edo State Office
Innovation, the application of new ideas and knowledge in processes and ways of organizational business activities, is mandatory for organizations to survive the increasing competitions in the business areas. Innovation in product, process and management as the kernel of organizational productivity strategy was elucidated to show important aspects of innovation, required for attention in the drive for improved organizational productivity/performance. The literature reviewed mentioned many versions of innovation and identified product, process and management innovations as the ones that are commonly pursued in promoting organizational productivity. Product innovation is concerned not only with producing superior-valued products, that meet or exceed the specifications of consumers, but to reduce cost of production. Process innovation is committed to having workplace that guarantee production of superior-valued product, reducing production cost; as well as ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in operational and administrative processes. Management innovation is interested in organizational innovation, introducing new; ideas, products, services, technologies, processes, and strategies to an organization. The strategies of these versions of innovation reflect the principles of the pillars of organizational productivity improvement efforts/strategies. Innovation can be considered as the productivity improvement technique guaranteeing production of products/services that encourage consumers’ patronage and loyalty through enhancing organizational productivity. The methodology adopted in the research is in-depth interview.
Keywords; product innovation, process innovation, management innovation, and organizational productivity improvement.
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION: WOMEN AND YOUTH PROTEST IN NIGER DELTA: ANALYSIS OF CHRISTIE WATSON’S TINY SUN BIRDS FAR, AWAY
SHEHU GARBA SUNUSI; AND OJEYOKAN JOHN EGWABOR
Department of General Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper examines the phenomenon of environmental degradation and its negative impact on women and youth in the Niger region of Nigerian as vivid captured by Christie Watson in her debut novel, Tiny Sunbirds Far, Away. Having diagnosed the various instances of environmental degradation and how it directly affect women and the youth in Niger Delta, the paper similarly unfolds the protest and resistance put up by women and the youth having realized the failure of government both at the national and sub-national levels to alleviate the suffering of women and youth due to activities of the oil companies operating in the region. The paper also examines the modus operandi of both women and youth in their effort to register their grievances on their plight: their frustrations, disappointment and hopelessness and the outcome of such effort. This study adopts ecocriticism as its theoretical framework. Based on the findings of this research, it is evident that the unguided oil exploration activities by multinational oil companies as well as self-induced actions among characters spell doom on the environment as both living and non-living things become negatively affected in all ramifications. It is worthy of note that the author, has succeeded in using the text under study as channel of creating global awareness towards promoting environmental conservation and various means of entrenching peace in the fictional devastated Niger Delta environment.
Keywords: Environment, degradation, violence, youth, women, protest, pollution
EXPLORING WAYS IN MANAGING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TERTIARY EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL COHESION IN NIGERIA
HASSAN MOHAMMED HAMMA; GARBA MUSA GAR; & ZAINAB MOHAMMED CHECHE
Department of Educational Foundations, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi state.
The world has increasingly become a global village through the instrumentality of ICT tools. Today Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is very important in teaching and learning process at tertiary institutions. The rising cases on conflicts and violence attributed largely to ethnic, religious and political factors in Nigeria is among societal challenges facing the unity and corporate existence of the country at large. The study therefore focused on exploring ways in managing ICT in tertiary education for national cohesion in Nigeria. The study used qualitative design technique with content analysis of literature from the work of scholars on variables of interest namely, information and communication technology, tertiary education and national cohesion. The study identified the ways of managing ICT in tertiary education that will foster national cohesion among others to include planning a Training Programme for Lecturers, developing a school ICT policy, Learning the technology and benchmarking other institutions. It was found out from the study however that issues relating to tertiary institution managers with information technology skills, ICT facilities as well as funding are the greatest challenge to achieving this dream. The paper however, concluded that exploring ways in managing ICT in tertiary education is vital in fostering national cohesion in Nigeria and recommended among others that the education sector as a whole should be well funded and that there is the need for all administrators in tertiary institutions to be ICT literate for sustainable national cohesion.
Keywords: Managing, ICT, Education, Tertiary Education, National Cohesion.
THE ROLE OF SURVEYING AND GEOINFORMATICS PROFESSION IN HARNESSING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND THE PROSPECTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY
BALA SHU’AIBU; & ADAMU ABUBAKAR MUSA
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. P.M.B 1061
The sustainability of any society rest solely on the proper management, maintenance and the development of its natural resources to an optimal economic power so as to take care of the societal need. Surveying profession is one of the oldest professions in Africa. And in most of the countries, it was initially a profession that was connected with the military. Most of the countries who were linked with Britain had their first set of surveyors trained in British Military Survey Schools. Surveying and geoinformatics rooted deep in to the field of sciences like mathematics, physics and geography, as well as engineering technology and Defence. The paper reviews some aspect of sustainable development, in the context of the emerging technologies of Geoinformatics, specifically space technology, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS). It expounded on the principles of Geoinformatics and their relevance in agricultural development, security, health, disaster control, transportation, marketing, mining, and engineering construction, which are believed to have an immense influence on national sustainable development. However, a critical analysis of the prevailing situation in Nigeria reveals the shortcomings of the current methods of data collection, analysis and management system. Thus, even though the profession is facing some challenges as a result of industrial revolution, yet the services of geomatist is ubiquitous and a first button to press. This emphasizes the need to adopt Geoinformatic methods to improve in all aspect of economic development to meet with the 21st century challenges. The challenges in this facet are low level of technological development, lack of funds, inconsistency and inept implementation of government policies, low level of investment, collapse of professional boundary among others. Also some prospect of the new phase are discussed, which will give a clear view beyond horizon for the need of geoinformatics to achieve sustainable development. And this is achieved using secondary source of data, by method of interpolation, with clear references at different instances.
Keywords: Geoinformatics; Role of surveying, Sustainable development; Challenges; Prospects.
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF UNDER- FIVE CHILDREN IN DOKODZA WARD BIDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NIGER STATE
ABIODUN, M.A. AND BUSARI, S.O.
Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, the Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
This study was undertaken to assess the nutritional status of 138 under-five in Dokodza ward. Bida local Government Area (L.G.A). Face-to- face interviews with the sampled mothers were conducted using pre-tested and validated well- structured questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements using weight-for-length, weight-for- height, head and chest circumference and MUAC criteria were employed to assess the nutritional status. The study showed the 6.5% children were severely malnourished, 7.9% were moderately malnourished, 10.2% were overweight and 8.6% were obese. The study revealed that 39.2% mothers breastfed their babies exclusively. Breastfeeding duration of more than one year was common among mothers. About 67.4% of mothers started weaning their children at six months after birth. With respect to MUAC measurements about 3.7% of the children were moderately malnourished, 23.9% were at risk of malnutrition while 72.4% were normal. The head and chest circumference measurement of the majority of the children (64.5%) were between the normal ratio while 35.5% were between the below or above the normal ratio. Conclusively provision of adequate during the infancy and childhood is an essential requirement for optimum health, growth and development.
Keywords: Nutritional status, anthropometric measurements, exclusive breastfeeding, child malnutrition, Dokodza ward, Bida.
INNOVATION IN PROCESS, PRODUCT, AND MANAGEMENT: THE KERNEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY STRATEGY
ALABI ADETOYIN OLUWAFUNMILAYO; JOHN EGWA; & OSARHIEMEN MERCY
Innovation, the application of new ideas and knowledge in processes and ways of organizational business activities, is mandatory for organizations to survive the increasing competitions in the business areas. Innovation in product, process and management as the kernel of organizational productivity strategy was elucidated to show important aspects of innovation, required for attention in the drive for improved organizational productivity/performance. The literature reviewed mentioned many versions of innovation and identified product, process and management innovations as the ones that are commonly pursued in promoting organizational productivity. Product innovation is concerned not only with producing superior-valued products, that meet or exceed the specifications of consumers, but to reduce cost of production. Process innovation is committed to having workplace that guarantee production of superior-valued product, reducing production cost; as well as ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in operational and administrative processes. Management innovation is interested in organizational innovation, introducing new; ideas, products, services, technologies, processes, and strategies to an organization. The strategies of these versions of innovation reflect the principles of the pillars of organizational productivity improvement efforts/strategies. Innovation can be considered as the productivity improvement technique guaranteeing production of products/services that encourage consumers’ patronage and loyalty through enhancing organizational productivity.
Keywords; product innovation, process innovation, management innovation, and organizational productivity improvement.
MEGAPROJECTS AND THE GOVERNMENTS’ SINCERITY ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF THE LONDON HEATHROW AIRPORT EXPANSION AND THE LESSONS FOR AFRICA
School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Airports are important to national economies, the UK inclusive. While megaprojects like airports propelled economic growth, their impact especially on the environment deserves serious consideration. Development can only be sustainable if it balances all interests- people, economy, environment and society. There are a plethora of debates on the feasibility and sustainability of the London Heathrow Airport expansion from economic, legal, and environmental perspectives. It is one project that produced two opposing camps. The project also put to test the role of the judiciary in sustainable development and the commitments of the UK Government on sustainability. In this report, the concept of sustainable development is looked into globally and at the national (UK) level. The arguments of the two opposing camps and how to balance the competing interests are also looked at. Finally, certain recommendations that will hopefully guide law and policy-makers in saving the world we all shared- what sustainability is all about- are proffered.
Keywords: London; Megaproject; Sustainability; Airport; Emission; Expansion; Africa
MISSION METHODS BY AFRICAN MISSIONARIES: ORIGINALITY, EFFICIENCY AND SUSTAINABILITY
REVD. FR. DR. FRANCIS ADEOLA ADEYEMI
Catholic Institute Of West Africa, Port-Harcourt
The Church’s mission and missionary activities in the world, enjoined all Christians to be missionaries based on the command of Christ to go and make disciples of all nations. However, the basic function of the African missionaries is to be involved in every facet of the life of the believers, impacting in them and holding true to this mission will fulfill the Messiah’s mission on earth. Hence, this paper examines the mission methods employed by African missionaries in order to make them more original, efficient and sustainable. The paper suggests some appropriate recommendations such as: Required qualities for African missionary methods, expediency of pastoral care to African missionary methods, relevance of liturgy to African missionary methods and Christian family and African missionary methods
Keywords: Missionary Activities, Christians, Disciples African Missionaries
OIL PRICE FLUCTUATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
MOHAMMED MUSTAPHA SULEIMAN
Department of Banking and Finance, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi
This study examined impact of oil price fluctuation on economic growth in Nigeria. Annual time series data for the period 2001 – 2021 was used. The study made use of Generalized Auto-Regressive analysis. The data used was sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin and OPEC database 2021. The variables used in the analysis are Gross Domestic product (GDP) as dependent variable, oil price, oil price fluctuation and exchange rate and interest rate was used as the independent variable. It was discovered that all the three independent variables show positive and significant impact on defendant variables. There should be need by the government to create some linkages in oil sector to diversify the economy through the proceeds from oil. Judicious investment in infrastructural development by the government to address the compounding issues is important. CBN as a matter of urgency ensure monetary policies that will aid in appreciating the rate of currency in Nigeria.
Keywords: Gross domestic product, Oil price, Oil price fluctuation, Exchange rate volatility.