MEDITERRANEAN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION IN EDU.
VOL. 18 NO. 8 (MEJAEE) JUNE, 2022
Published by: MEDITERRANEAN PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,
Canberra ACT 0201, Australia.
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
E-MAIL: email@example.com PHONE: +234-708-717-324
PERCEIVED IMPACT OF ACCREDITATION EXERCISE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE
*HELEN C. ONUORAH (Ph.D); & **NWANKWO, BEATRICE N. (Ph.D)
*Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. **Department of Curriculum Studies & Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
The study investigated the perceived impact of accreditation exercise on students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Awka education zone of Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study. The research design adopted for the study was the descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised 1,228 teachers in public secondary schools in Awka education zone of Anambra State. Through simple random sampling technique, 245 teachers in public secondary schools in Awka education zone of Anambra State were sampled. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire which was validated by three experts in the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability test on the instrument using Cronbach Alpha which yielded reliability co-efficient values of 0.84, 0.80 and 0.82 for the three clusters in the study respectively with an overall reliability coefficient of 0.82. The instrument collected was analyzed using mean. Findings of the study revealed that accreditation of school facilities, teachers’ quality and curriculum implementation have impacts on students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra. Based on these findings the researcher recommends among others, that the Ministry of Education in collaboration with Post Primary School Service Commission (PPSSC) should ensure that accreditation of school facilities is given top priority attention. It was also recommended that principals of secondary schools should ensure that teachers update them on the level of progress in terms of their implementation of the school curriculum.
KEYWORDS: Accreditation Exercise, Students, Academic Performance, Secondary Schools
USE OF FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WITH BIG DATA ANALYTICS ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABDULLAHI GALLE; EZEOFOR CHIGOZILI ADAMMA; & OFOMATA SCHOLASTICA EZINWANNE
Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria.
Mathematics as a core subject for all the students at the secondary schools in Nigeria plays fundamental role in enhancement of growth and development of the nation. A shortfall in the knowledge of the students in the subject due to method of teaching/assessment will generates unreliable data and poor students achievement, hence, this study assessed use of formative assessment with big data analytics on senior secondary school students’ Mathematics achievement in Enugu State, Nigeria. Two research questions and its corresponding hypotheses using a quasi-experimental research design which involves the non-randomized pretest, posttest, post posttest, control group design. The population of the study consisted of all 24,545, Government senior secondary schools two (SS II) students from 292 schools and 125 SS II Mathematics students selected from two schools were used as a sample size of the study. Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) was used as instrument for data collection which contained 30 items and it was subjected to expert’s judgment, yielded 0.83 validity index, KR-21 formula was used which gave r0.82 reliability index. MAT was administered and the data collected were analyses using disruptive and inferential statistics. Findings revealed that students taught Mathematics using formative assessment with big data analytics achievement higher than their counterpart students in conventional group and male and female students taught Mathematics using formative assessment with big data analytics achievement higher than their counterpart students in conventional group. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, the teachers of Mathematics should use formative assessment with big data analytics strategy to assess/teach will enhance the understanding and long retentive capacity of both male and female students among others.
KEYWORDS: Formative assessment, big data analytics, students, mathematics, achievement
TEACHERS’ CONDITIONS OF SERVICE AND THEIR JOB EFFECTIVENESS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
*AMINU, ABUBAKAR DANLADI; **YAKUBU SANI PH.D; ***DR. AHMAD SHUAIBU ABDULLAH
*Department of Educational Foundations, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Management, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. ***Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State.
The study determined relationship between teachers’ conditions of service and their job effectiveness in senior secondary schools in Nasarawa state. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 2605 teachers from 94 secondary schools in Nasarawa state. The sample for investigation consisted of 405 teachers from 19 secondary schools through multistage sampling procedure. The instrument used for data gathering was “Teacher’s Conditions of Service and Job Effectiveness Questionnaire” (TCSJEQ). The validity index of 0.68 was obtained for the instrument and reliability of 0.78 using Cronbach coefficient Alpha. All the responses from the completed copies of the questionnaire forms were collected coded and analyzed. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) statistical was used for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that there were significant relationship between salaries, promotion, fringe benefit and teachers’ job effectiveness in Nasarawa state. The concluded that relationship between teachers’ conditions of service and their job effectiveness in senior secondary schools depends on several variables which includes, regular prompt payment of salaries, promotion of teachers and fringe benefits among other variables. It was therefore recommended among others that salary of teachers should be paid promptly to enable them concentrate on their job for effective delivery; and the government and school management should ensure regular promotion of teachers promptly.
KEYWORDS: Condition of service, Job effectiveness, Teachers’ salary, Promotion and Fringe benefits
DENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT FOR MEETING NEEDS OF CHILDREN WITH DYSCALCULIA IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS
*UZAIRU MAMMAN; **ILIYASU UMAR AZARE; ***MUHAMMAD KAWU GABI; & ***GARBA ALHAJI MUHAMMAD
*Department of Special Education, Federal University Dutsin-ma, Katsina State. **Curriculum and Instructions Department, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. ***Department Of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
Dyscalculia is a specific learning difficulty affecting children with number processing and arithmetic problems. It is encountered in around 6% to 7% of school – aged children and it has significant implication on society. Without specific intervention, dyscalculia often leads to scholastic failure and school absenteeism. The Identification and Assessment is made when the child’s achievement or ability in arithmetic’s is significantly below the expected for age, grade and level of intelligence. The remedial instruction has very important role to play as a differentiated instruction which employ different instructional technique through the use of different instructional materials. The paper reviewed some assessment/identification and remediation of children with dyscalculia. It is essential, therefore, that educators in Nigeria be aware of this learning needs of children with such difficulties. It is required for assessment and intervention to support Nigerian Schools children with mathematics difficulties.
KEYWORDS: Identification and assessment, dyscalculia, learning disabilities, arithmetic skills, intervention
EFFECT OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY ON ADOLESCENTS’ PSYCHOLOGICAL AGGRESSIVENESS AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN POTISKUM L.G.A., YOBE STATE
DR AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu.
The work Effect of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy on Adolescents Psychological Aggressiveness Among Senior Secondary school students is concerned with adolescence which is the third phase of human development. This is characterized by stress and storm. Unresolved identity crisis coupled with some factors such as parenting styles, socio-economic status, religion, and peer pressure lead to aggression. The study adopts a quasi-experimental research design. The variables in the study include the independent variable, which consist of cognitive behaviour therapy and control group. The intervening variables are gender, socio-economic status and parenting styles while the dependent variable is aggression. A sample size of 50 adolescents is purposively selected. Participants are randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The three instruments relevant to, this study are: Conduct disorder scale, Socio-Economic Scale and Parenting Styles Scale, Four research hypotheses are raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The procedure for data collection includes the pre and post tests administered to the participants. Participants are exposed to intervention sessions twice a week for the period of eight weeks. Data collected from the study are analyzed using both the descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The study reveals the parenting style, the prevalent parental socioeconomic status is the medium. A significant difference exists in the pre-test and pastiest. The results from the tested hypotheses are: There is no significant difference in the prominence in aggression of the fallowings: prevalence of paternal and maternal parenting styles, cognitive behaviour therapy on the basis of gender and parental SES. Others include parenting styles, age, educational level, and length of stay at the schools. There is a significant difference in the fallowings: degree of severity of aggression before and after treatment, treatment of aggression of participants in the two experimental groups when compared with the control group and cognitive behaviour therapy on the basis of religion. Recommendations are proffered in the study.
KEYWORDS: Adolescents, Aggression, Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), Effect, Socio-Economic Status
THE IMPLICATIONS OF IDP EDUCATION AND THE NEED FOR COUNSELING SERVICES FOR NIGERIAN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
*REV. FR. DR. BAHAGO, SAMAILA BENEDICT; & **NEHEMIAH WOKJI, GOTIP
*Educational Foundations Department, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. **Arts and Social Science Education Department, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja.
The impact of IDP education on Nigerian national development and the need for counselling services in the twenty-first century was investigated in this research. The report emphasized that a nation’s progress is linked to its educational success, and that education is critical to the development and enhancement of a nation’s welfare. The article went on to look at the concept of all-inclusive education for Internally Displaced Persons. The implications of effective Internally Displaced Persons education on national development, such as the development of human skills needed in various sectors of the economy, the development of social behavior, poverty-reducing effects, improved health and nutrition, and reduced inequality, were also included in the paper. Economic factors, sexual violence and abuse, political factors, school environmental factors, and socio-cultural and religious factors have all hampered the efficient and effective education of Internally Displaced Persons. IDPs are denied the opportunity to reach their full potential and contribute to Nigeria’s development if they do not receive an education, according to the report. Although significant attempts have been made in the country to increase IDPs’ education, much more has to be done if IDPs are to completely fulfill their potential and contribute to the country’s political, socioeconomic, and technological transformation. According to the document, the government should aim to set aside 26% of the overall yearly budget for educational development, as suggested by the United Nations Organization, in order to offer the required facilities for IDPs’ education, among other things.
KEYWORDS: Counselling, education, implication, Internally Displaced Persons, and national development are some of the terms used in this paper.
INVESTIGATION INTO THE METHODS USED BY TEACHERS IN TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARAUNI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KANO STATE OF NIGERIA
AISHA RABI’U DANSHARIF1 & MUHAMMAD LAWAL LAMIDO 2
1African Graduate University, Department of English (Linguistic). 2Al-Qalam University Katsina, College of Humanities, Department of English.
This study was about the investigation into the methods used by teachers in teaching English Language in selected secondary schools of Tarauni local government of Kano State. The study adopted the descriptive research design. Evidence abounds of the low performance of Secondary students in English language in Tarauni local government. Specifically, the study sought to examine the methods used by the teachers in the teaching of English as a second language in the Kano state. The area of the study covered Tarauni local government Kano State of Nigeria. Kano State is the capital city of Kano State and is located in the northern part of Nigeria along Jakara River. The population of the study comprised 113 English language teachers in all the study area in the State 23 school heads and 150 students totaling to 286 respondents with the sample size of 212 respondents. Random sampling technique was employed to collect data in the education zone. Data was collected by the researchers who developed questionnaire for the respondents. The instrument was validated by three experts from University of Nigeria. The reliability coefficient of obtained was 0.84. The finding of the study indicated that method of teaching indicate that direct method was the method often used with 95% in teaching while cognate and silence way methods were the least used Base on the results, It was recommended that Variety of methods should be adopted in teaching English language in secondary schools in Tarauni, Kano State by constantly organizing seminars, conferences and workshops for teachers’ refresher courses.
KEYWORDS: English Language, Investigation, Methods, Teachers, Teaching,
CONSUELLING IMPLICATIONS OF PERCEIVED INFLUENCE OF IMPEDIMENTS ON ENROLMENT IN TO ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE
ABIGAIL SETH KARFE (PhD); & DOMA ABDULRAHMAN ADAMU
Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The paper investigated counselling implications of perceived influence of impediments on enrolment in to adult education programme in Jalingo Local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria. The variables selected for the study includes government policy and community factor. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated the design adopted is descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consist of all the instructors, part-time-facilitators and adult learners from the thirty-four adult education centers in the local government area. The thirty-four adult education centers in the zone have a population of one thousand two-hundred and sixty-seven adult learners thirty-three part-time facilitators and six instructors for 2017/2018 session. Taro Yamanes (1976) formula for determining sample size was used to obtain a total of three hundred and six respondents as the sample size of the study the research instrument was self-constructed Questionnaire, titled; perceived Influence of Adult Education Enrolment Questionnaire (PIAEQ) validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach-alpha method the instruments yielded reliability index of 0.779. The research Questions were answered using mean and standard deviation, while inferential statistics of chi-square was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study divulged that; government policy and community impede the enrolment in to the programme in the study area. It is concluded that respondents perceived that community members have high influence on the decline of the programme, followed by government policy, The paper recommends that: policy makers of the states should develop comprehensive policies that address learning in a wide range of spheres, including the economic, political, social, cultural, technological and environmental, Adult education organizations should clearly define and carefully evaluate the needs of adult students and provide guidance services to them. The role of counselling as a tool in addressing adult student’s needs should be to focus on specific variables and risk factors that can inhibit learning and a healthy life. Such information will help eliminate subtle and complex situation that hinder learning.
KEYWORDS: Counselling, Implications, Perceived Influence, Impediments, Enrolment Adult Education Programme.
EFFECTS OF ADDIE AND DICK & CAREY TEACHING INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEREST IN MOTOR VEHICLE MECHANIC WORK IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NORTH – CENTRAL, NIGERIA
DR ALI, AWALU MALIKI; & ANIYA AMINU MUSA1
Department of Technical Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan.
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of Addie and Dick and Carey teaching instructional models on technical college student’s academic achievement and interest in Motor Vehicle Mechanics Work. The study was carried out in North – Central, Nigeria. four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. The population for the study was 1011 National Technical Certificate Year Two students (NTC II) 2019/2020 session made up of 778 males and 233 females. The sample for the study was 99 drawn through purposive sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a 40- multiple choice objective Motor Vehicle Mechanics Work Achievement Test (MOVMEWAT). While, Motor Vehicle Mechanic Work Interest Inventory (MVMWII) was 30- items interest inventory. The items in the MVMWII were developed to portray students’ feelings towards studying Motor Vehicle Mechanic Works with or without the Addie and Dick & Carey models. The items were generated from the information obtained from the review of literature on interest in learning as well as other related literature. The items of the interest inventory were based on five-point Likert scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Undecided (UD), Disagree (D), and Strongly Disagree (SD). The scale is weighted as follows: SA=5, A=4, U=3, D=2 and SD=1. The Motor Vehicle Mechanic Work Interest Inventory was used to test students’ Interest in studying Motor Vehicle Mechanic Work and it was administered as pre and posttest.). The instrument was validated by 5 experts from the department of Industrial and Technical Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The Kuder Richardson 20 (K-R20) method was employed to determine the internal consistency of the instrument which yielded a coefficient of 0.82. The mean was used to analyse data relating to the research questions while the ANCOVA was employed to analyzing data relating to the test of hypotheses. The result of the study indicated among others that students taught using Dick and Carey Model performed academically higher in MVMW than their counterparts taught using the Addie instructional Model.
KEYWORDS: teaching, models, academic achievement, interest, effect, motor vehicle
REPOSITIONING BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE YOUTH’S EMPOWERMENT AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INTEGRATING SELF-RELIENCE SKILLS INTO THE CURRICULUM
*DR. SULEIMAN D. GULEE; **MICAH MUSA; & ***MARIANA NENADI GWAMNA
*Department of Integrated Science, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, P.M.B 1024 Kafanchan. **Department of Early Child Care Education (ECCE), Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya. ***Department of Special Need Education, Kaduna Sate College of Education Gidan Waya, P.M.B 1024, Kafanchan.
The role of Basic Science and Technology in Youths Empowerment and National Development is proved beyond doubt. Hence subject is taught on a priority basis in Primary, Secondary Schools and Tertiary institutions. The subject is tasked to provide basic training in scientific and technology skills require for human survival, sustainable development and societal transformation. Nevertheless, one doubts if the present model of development is sustainable since it is based mainly on learning basic concepts and principles for student’s certification. Integrating self-reliance skills into the Basic Science and Technology curriculum might offer a solution to menace of youths empowerment and national development facing Nigeria as a nation. Critical review and modifications of the curriculum, integrating scientific and technological self-reliance skills for the school going children to suit to the present requirements of the society might help achieve sustainable development in Nigeria. It is envisaged that teaching of essential aspects of self-reliance skills to school going children would probably begin the era of sustainable development in Nigeria. This paper argues for the inclusion of self-reliance skills practices and technologies that requires scientific and technological attention for youth’s empowerment and National Development. Some possible learner’s challenges that would affect the learning of self-reliance skills in Basic Science and Technology were enumerated. Implications of integrating self-reliance skills in BST were also discussed.
KEYWORDS: Basic Science, Curriculum, Self-reliance, Skills, Youth’s Empowerment, National Development
ASSESSMENT OF THE FUNCTIONALITY OF E-LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUSINESS EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS OF NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA
Department of Office Technology and Management Education, School Of Secondary Education (Business), Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi.
This study has attempted to assess the functionality of e-learning technologies for business education programs in tertiary institutions of Northwestern Nigeria. The study was conducted as a descriptive survey among a sample of 346 participants, comprising 305 students and 41 teachers from business education departments in 5 tertiary institutions within Kano State – Northwestern Nigeria. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire adapted from previously validated studies. Data analysis was performed with SPSS v22. Findings of the study have revealed that 54% of the e-learning technologies available for business education programs in tertiary institutions in Kano State were not functional. This implies that majority of the available tools were not being utilized because they were not functional. Only 46% of the available tools were functional, namely: smart phones, desktop computers, flash drives, television sets, compact discs and laptops. Consistently, findings of the study have revealed that there is no significant difference between the mean responses of teachers and students on the functionality of e-learning technologies available for business education programs in tertiary institutions in Kano State. The study recommended that school managers in Nigerian tertiary institutions should establish appropriate maintenance policies for using e-learning tools to ensure that they are properly maintained and utilized by users. It is also recommended that government should provide more e-learning facilities to Nigerian tertiary institutions to support the use of e-learning technologies for teaching and learning.
KEYWORDS: business education programs, functionality, e-learning technologies, tertiary institutions, higher education institutions (HEIs), Information Communication Technologies (ICTs)
EVALUATION OF ACCOUNTING TEACHING AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ACCOUNTING: BAUCHI METROPOLIS IN PERSPECTIVE
*MOHAMME ADAMU HAMISU; *KULU, GAMBO; & **AUWAL, ABUBAKAR
*Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State. **Department of Business Education, Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
This paper observed the extend of which accounting is been delivered as a subject in our senior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis and the level of students’ achievement within the content of accounting in the area. The researchers used accounting curriculum for SS II, and compare it with the scheme of work prepared by the teachers which served as their area of coverage within the second term of the students from five selected public schools in the metropolis. After evaluating the record, the result of the evaluation shows that teachers don’t really cover the content area stipulated in the curriculum to be covered. For that, students were unable to achieve better in the subject after assessment. This is among the major factor that led to failure in accounting students’ academic achievement specifically in the two-examination conducted by NECO and WAEC. Studies has revealed that substantial percentage of students’ failure in final accounting examination were as a result of low coverage in the content area of the subject. The study takes a look into the tricky situation and recommend for the way onward to lessen the level of the problem.
KEYWORDS: Evaluation, Accounting, Teaching, Student, Academic, Achievement.
THE ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN DIGITIZATION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARY MATERIALS IN NIGERIA
*AHMAD BALA UMAR; *IDRIS MOHAMMED; *ADAMU IBRAHIM; & **AISHA MUHAMMAD HASSAN
*Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. **Muhammadu Wabi Library, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
This paper examines the issues and challenges in digitization /of academic library materials. In the paper various issues were discussed, including the reasons for digitization of academic library materials, a methodology of digitization of academic library materials, and the challenges faced in digitization of academic library materials in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: digitization, challenges, library materials, Nigeria.
DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF LIMITED ACCESSIBILITY TO COMPUTERS AND BARRIERS THAT IMPEDE THE UNDERSTANDING OF COMPUTER INSTRUCTIONS IN THE TRAINING OF ARCHITECTURE IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS.
Department of Architectural Technology, College of Environmental Studies, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure, Jigawa State.
The benefits of training architectural students using computers as ‘pencil’ can never be overemphasized. The traditional pencils have been replaced with computers. The replcaement has the potential of improved efficiency and effective architectural outcomes. However, not all staff and students have access to computers and find the softwares friendly for teaching and learning purposes. To determine the extent of these challenges, questionnaires were administered to all the staff that teach Higher National Diploma (HND) students of Architectural Technology Department, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. Because of the need for comprehensive study of the problem, the total population of staff (seven lecturers) were engaged in the research. The data collected was analysed using the mathematical formula Part/whole X 100% to find percent proportion. The analysed data suggested that the staff do not face challenges in understanding computer instructions. However, the research found out that staff have challenge with the few number of functional computers that are not accessible to them at all times of needs.
KEYWORDS: Barrier; Computer Instruction; Limited Accesibility; Software; Training
EFFECTS OF SCIENCE PROCESSTEACHING APPROACH ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN KADUNA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE
SAMUEL-OKEY, FATUMA COMFORT
Department of Integrated Science, Federal College of Education Zaria, Kaduna State.
The study titled “Effects of Science process teaching approach on primary school pupil’s performance in basic science and technology in Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna state” was carried out. The objectives are to determine the effectiveness of science process teaching approach on academic performance in basic science and technology also to investigate the effect of science process skills approach on male and female pupils’ academic performance in basic science and technology when exposed to science process teaching approach in Kaduna North Local Government Area. The instrument used was Basic Science and Technology Achievement Test (BSTAT) which was validated and with reliability coefficient of r = 0.75. The hypotheses stated were tested using t-test statistics at P 0.05 level of significance. Major findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the academic performance among primary school pupils exposed to science process teaching approach and those exposed to conventional teaching method in favour of experimental group. It was recommended that effort should be made by all stakeholders to discourage gender stereotyping. In view of this therefore, the home, the school and the society at large should encourage females to participate fully in skill-based activities within and outside school, and also enabling environment should be provided based on culture and belief of the society as with as capacity development of the teachers for effective delivery of the method.
KEYWORDS: Science, Process, Teaching, Approach, Academic, Performance.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MARC21 ADDITIONAL FEATURE OVER AACR2, ISBD, FRBR AND RDA: ANALYTICAL STUDY
Federal Polytechnic Bali, Library Department, Taraba State.
This paper study (4) catalogue standard to access their capability and recommending the future substitute of MARC21 format. This paper tries to find out the existing scenarios in cataloguing policy, their boundaries leading to movement and try for the achievable prospect of MARC21.
KEYWORDS: Catalogue, AACR2, ISBD, MARC21, FRBR, RDA, XML, HTML, Doublin Core
AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING OF COMPUTER SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSHIMILI SOUTH LGA
BINITIE AMAKA PATIENCE, EZZEH PEACE OGUGUO & KADIRI KINGSLEY CHUKWUBUEZE
Department of Computer Science, Federal College of Education Technical Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.
The study examined the availability, utilization and effect of instructional materials in teaching of computer science in junior secondary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area, Delta State. Two research questions and one null hypothesis in line with the purpose of the study guided the study. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The study was carried out in Oshimili South Local Government Area and population for the study consists of thirty one (31) computer science teachers in Nine (9) public secondary schools in Oshimili South LGA. The study therefore did not sample due to the reason that the population is of manageable size. The instrument used for data collection was researcher structured questionnaire titled Availability, Utilization and Effect of Instructional Material for Teaching Computer Science (AUEIMTCS), the instrument was validated by two experts. The instrument was administered by the researcher and two research assistants who were trained by the researcher on what to do. Thirty five (35) copies of the questionnaire were administered, at retrieval thirty one (31) copies were retrieved within the space of time. Mean and standard deviation was used to analyze the data retrieved from the respondents. Findings revealed that the instructional material available and utilized in teaching computer science in junior secondary schools in Oshimili South LGA, Delta State are not interactive enough to equip students with needed technological skills and knowledge in computer. And also they are basically traditional tools which are not up-to date with the current technology. Schools should collaborate with government in other to provide instructional materials that will help the students to acquire needed computer skills and knowledge and also teachers should as at when necessary attend workshops that will train them on the use of these instructional materials.
KEYWORDS: Instructional material, computer science, availability, utilization.
CHALLENGES OF INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY AND THE ROAD-MAP FOR EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT OF GENERIC SKILLS AMONG TVET STUDENTS AT TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NIGERIA
GIMBA DOGARA1 A. U. BARAYA2 ANNA D. GIMBA3 KAGARKO SARAH4
1Department of Technical Education, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-waya, Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2Department of Vocational and Technology Education, Faculty of Technology Education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. 3Department of Business Education, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-waya, Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 4Department of Home Economics, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-waya, Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Generic skills, also known as soft skills have now been regarded to be rudimental to the advancement of graduates’ employability. Hence, emphases are now placed on instructional methods that promote learners’ active participation in the teaching-learning process for the development of skills both in specific academic qualification areas and those known as generic, soft, or transferable skills. This paper, therefore, synthesized the available evidence in the literature about instructional methods employed for the development of generic skills and the challenges of instructional delivery among VTE students at Technical Colleges in Nigeria. A systematic review approach was adopted to search for pertinent literature. Generic/soft skills, challenges of instructional delivery, and Technical Colleges in Nigeria were some of the keywords used to determine the relevant literature from data web-based providers such as Google Scholar, Springer Link, Science Direct, Scopus, and Willey Online Library. The appropriate instructional methods for the development of generic skills are rarely employed for the development of the skills at Technical Colleges as revealed by the study; similarly, dearth of qualified technical teachers, inadequate infrastructural facilities, poor funding, inadequate instructional facilities/materials, inappropriate instructional methods employed, and poor remuneration among others were revealed by the studies as challenges militating against effective instructional delivery for the development of generic skills at Technical Colleges. Hence a suggested roadmap for effective development of generic skills at Technical Colleges in Nigeria. As part of the recommendations, the government should ensure adequate funding of the Technical Colleges programmes, employment of qualified technical teachers, improvement of the remuneration of technical teachers, availing opportunities for technical teachers to update their pedagogical skills through in-service training, works, workshops and conferences; and teachers should employ appropriate instructional methods for the teaching of students at technical teachers. Theses, therefore, will greatly enhance the development of skills by students at the Technical Colleges.
KEYWORDS: Generic Skills, Instructional Delivery, Technical Colleges
TOWARDS ENSURING QUALITY EDUCATION IN JALINGO METROPOLIS: TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES ABOUT INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State.
ICT has become integral part of the society and education today. Thus it has attracted attention of scholars and researchers in different field of studies. This explains why the current study assessed teachers’ attitude towards the use of ICT in public junior secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis. The study was hinged on Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) and adopted a descriptive survey research design; the population of the study was the entire students and staff of junior secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis. However, 10 schools were randomly selected. Data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed descriptively using mean, frequencies and tables. The findings revealed that teachers in public junior secondary schools in Jalingo are very much aware of ICT and ICT is taught as a subject in schools but the teachers do not have positive attitude to teaching ICT and using ICT for teaching. This is because majority of them do not employ the use of ICT in their teachings; teaching ICT as a subject is dominantly theoretical rather than practical. It means that the students are not exposed to ICTs even though they are being taught ICT as a subject. The study further revealed that teaching and use of ICT in junior public secondary schools in Jalingo metropolis could be enhanced through improved funding of public secondary schools, supply of computers or other ICT devices for teaching and learning, developing ICT manpower among teachers and policy implementation in support of ICT teaching and use among others.
KEYWORDS: Attitude, information communication and technology, junior secondary school, secondary teacher.