TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 8 (2) FEBRUARY, 2022 EDITIONS. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM STANDARDS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND PRIMARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM: NEW DIRECTION AND COMMON CHANGES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
ADELOWO PETER AND EYENGHO TOJU, (Ph. D).
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Adeyemi Federal University of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria
The study examined the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. It assessed the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. It also examined the level of implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. The study further ascertain the adequacy of provision of educational resources to implement the minimum standard. It investigated the factors affecting the implementation of early childhood care and primary education curriculum. These were with a view to providing information on the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standard of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. The study adopted the survey research design. The population consisted of all Early Childhood Care and Primary Education learners, care-givers/teachers, head teachers and supervising officers in the ministry of education in the three senatorial districts in Ondo State. The sample which comprised of Head-teachers, Teachers and Supervising Officer in the Ministry of Education was selected using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using four instruments, namely: Adequacy of Minimum Standards Checklist (AMSC); Teachers’ Qualifications and Quality Assurance Questionnaire (TQQAQ); Educational Recourses Questionnaire (ERQ); Factors Affecting Implementation of ECCPE Minimum Standards Questionnaire (FAIEMSQ), Data for this study were analysed using simple frequency, percentage and ranking. Results showed that the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum is adequate in the study area. The dominant item “child protection materials” (3.72), seating arrangement (3.70) guidance and counseling unit (2.99). Result also showed that the level of implementation of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum are encouraging. Results showed that the adequacy of educational resources of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary curriculum were adequate. Results showed that “trained teachers” (3.45), “teachers’ qualifications (3.34), “funding” (3.24), language of instruction (3.20), early childhood curriculum (3.07) were factors affecting the implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and lower primary curriculum. The conclusion drawn from this study is that the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and lower primary education curriculum are not given the same attention in the school system judging from the way the various centres and lower primary education curriculum are being implemented in the school programme.
REPRODUCTIVE PHENOLOGY OF SELECTED MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
BARTHOLOMEW OLUFEMI OGUNBIYI
Department of Plant Biology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Phenological studies are vital in the investigation of the factors that are paramount to the development of a given stage in a species. Although much information is available on the reproductive phenology of bryophytes in the tropical rainforest of southern Nigeria, little information is available in the guinea savanna biome of the country. This study investigated the reproductive phenology of selected mosses and liverworts in Kwara State, Nigeria. Bryophyte samples were randomly collected from different substrates across the study areas and taken to the laboratory for identification using standard methods. Stereomicroscope was used to assess the sex expression of each gametophyte and mean index values or maturity indices were calculated for each species. The frequencies of initial maturation stages of antheridia, archegonia and sporophytes were represented in developmental profile. The results showed that mosses and liverworts contained varying numbers of gametangia ranging from 1-30 antheridia per perigonium and 2-34 archegonia per perichaetium. Fertilization period was earlier in Barbula indica, Fissidens planifrons and Fissidens grandifolius and a bit later in other species. The reproductive phenology of the selected bryophytes comes under the strong influence of rainfall, since the rainy season is the best period for successful reproduction in these species.
Key words: Bryophytes, antheridia, archegonia, fertilization, antherozoid
COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT IN THE DIGITAL ERA
*AGADA GEORGE; **FRANKLYN C. AZUBUIKE; *ABU, SAMSON OKPANACIHI; & *DIGGOL IBRAHIM SALEH
*University Library, Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo. **University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State
The present revolution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) necessitates a total overhaul of Library’s collection development to reflect the changes that abound in the digital era. As a result of this revolution, most libraries now adopt the use of ICT to select and acquire resources in different formats and ensure ease of access and efficient use to those resources in the digital environment. Hence, there is urgent need to develop an effective collection development policy (CD) that incorporates the dynamics of e-resources. This paper highlights an overview of collection development, collection development processes, category of digital resources, impact of ICT on CD, the need for an up-to-date CD policy to include digital resources. It highlights the various challenges associated with collection development in the digital era and finally proffered some recommendations that could be adopted for effective development of library collection especially in digital environments.
Keywords: Collection Development (CD), Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Information Resources (EIRs), Collection Development Policy, Digital Environment
EXPLORING ONLINE FACILITIES FOR LEARNING IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: A NECESSITY FOR POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC PERIOD
AYOTUNDE ATANDA FALADE; HALEEMAT ABIODUN KAREEM; & PROF. MUDASIRU OLARERE YUSUF
Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, P. M. B. 1515, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
No sooner the Covid-19 pandemic began, then the human activities changed suddenly. Various nations across the globe, including Nigeria imposed regulations for working from home. For teaching and learning to continue, the adoption of online facilities must be explored as most universities in Nigeria were known for absolute onsite learning. This theoretical study or position paper, examined the exploration of online facilities for learning in Nigerian Universities as a necessity for post covid-19 pandemic period. Amongst issues of interest discussed were forms of relevant online facilities, historical development of university education in Nigeria, theoretical and conceptual frameworks for the study; benefits and challenges of adopting online facilities for learning in Nigeria; as well as suggestions on how such challenges could be minimized. The study reveals the existence of low quality of online learning due to epileptic power supply, high cost of internet subscription, to mention but a few. The study concludes that the present covid-19 pandemic has posed global challenge thus making the educational sector to look inward. Universities in Nigeria are now embracing online-learning facilities such as Laptop/desktops, Mobile phone, Virtual classroom Multimedia tools like radio, CD-ROM, Digital camera and lots more. The embrace of online-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed lots of lapses and gaps to be filled in the use of online-learning facilities in Nigerian educational system. The study therefore recommends that government needs to be firmer in handling universities’ administration, provide adequate funds as well as suitable educational platforms such as Google classroom, Google meet, Zoom, and so on. Both students and lecturers should also be encouraged to acquire skill-oriented trainings such as hybrid, synchronous and asynchronous and lots more.
Keywords: Online Learning, Online Facilities, Post Covid-19 Pandemic, University Education
ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION AND ELECTRICITY ACCESS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
SAMAILA ADAMU1; & RILWANU MOHAMMED2
1Department of Economics and Development Studies, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria. 2School of General Studies, Economics Program, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The study is on the analysis of the effects of corruption and electricity access on economic growth in Nigeria covering 2002Q1 to 2018Q4 time series data. The unit root properties of the series were tested using Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF), Philips Perron (PP) and Zivot-Andrews breakpoint unit root test. Chow test revealed presence of structural break in 2015 which was taken care of by the introduction of dummy variables and interaction terms. The results from Autoregressive Distributed lag (ARDL) and Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS) cointegrating regression revealed that control of corruption and access to electricity have positive and statistically significant long run effects on economic growth in Nigeria, but the short run ARDL results indicated that electricity access and corruption control harm economic growth in Nigeria over the study period, with slow speed of adjustment to long run equilibrium of 2.63% quarterly. This study concludes that corruption is sand in the wheels of Nigeria’s economic prosperity and therefore recommends continued effort in control of corruption and increase in electricity supply for more economic growth among others.
Keywords: Economic Growth, Corruption, Electricity, Time series, Chow test.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUBORDINATES’ CHARACTERISTICS AND ADMINISTRATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF LECTURERS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA
DR ABDULRAFIU OMOTAYO BOLATITO
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
The study investigated relationship between subordinates’ characteristics and administrative effectiveness of lecturers in colleges of education in North-west Nigeria. This study has become necessary due circumstances surrounding recruitment and selection of subordinates (lecturers) such as political affiliation, power from above as well as catchment areas in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The study used survey research design of corelational type. The population of the study consisted of 2768 subordinates (lecturers) from colleges of education in North West Nigeria. The study selected 333 out of 2768 using Research Advisor (2006) table for determining sample size. The study used deliberate sampling technique to select seven (7) out of twelve (12) colleges of education in North-western Nigeria. The study used proportionate sampling technique to determine sample size, while simple random sampling technique was used to select four (4) states out of seven (7) states in North-western Nigeria. The research instruments used to collect data were Subordinates’ Characteristics Questionnaire (SCQ) and Administrative Effectiveness of Lecturers Questionnaire (AELQ). The content validity of the research instrument was done by the experts in Educational Administration and Planning as well as other experts in Science Education from the Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University. The research instruments had reliability indexes of 0.910 for SCQ and 0.842 for AEQ, using Cronbach Alpha. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC) with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software, 20.0 version. The study found that subordinates’ qualification was a criterion of recruiting and selecting and appointment of subordinates in higher educational institutions. The study concluded that administrative effectiveness can only be achieved in higher educational institutions with existence of qualified and trained subordinates. The study recommended that subordinates with requisite qualifications should be selected or recruited without giving consideration to primordial issues.
Keywords: Subordinates’ qualification, specialization, experience, gender, place of origin and administrative effectiveness.
INNOVATION AND CORPORATE PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA
CHIDI M. AYOZIE
Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Imo State University Owerri, Imo State
This study examined the effect of innovation on corporate performance of Nigerian Breweries, Oyo State and Guinness Nigeria Plc, Lagos State. The study was carried out to examine innovation strategy and organizational performance. In the methodology, survey research design was employed by the researcher and questionnaire served as the instrument of data collection. The statistical technique was used for data analysis is Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The findings revealed that product, process and market innovations all significantly affect and enhance productivity and patronage by institutions. Based on the findings, it was recommended that to allow for increased organizational performance, the variables of innovation strategies namely product, process, market and organizational innovation strategies need to be employed by organizations. More so, product and process innovation which are technology driven should be given proper attention with concerted efforts made to integrate it to the operations of the firms.
Keywords: Innovation, Corporate performance, Manufacturing Firms, Organization, Product Innovation, Market Innovation, Process Innovation.
ROLE OF THE STATE IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF JAPAN
*OKEREKE, EMMANUEL UGOCHUKWU; & **OKOLI, RICHARD UGOCHUKWU
*Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State. **Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State
Economic development in Japan is facilitated by the level of state’s intervention in the economy and this has largely helped in industrial development in the state through the state’s massive investments in human capital development and as well as other interventions that have proved effective and potent in boosting the economy of Japan through formulation and implementation of robust economic policies in the country. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of Japan in the management of its economy. Data for this paper was generated mainly from journal articles and internet materials and analysed using content analysis. Among other things, it was discovered that Japanese government adopted Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, which opened Japanese economy up for foreign competition after decades of operating closed economy, a situation that opened the economy to foreign competition and created opportunities for Japanese businesses to thrive. Japanese state equally reduced the level of taxation in the country to boost industrial production. The state invested heavily in the development of social and human capital resulting in high level of skills and trust in the country, while in the fight against deflation, the government of Japan adopted policy of aggressive money easing. During covis-19 pandemic, the state invested heavily on social security to resuscitate its economy. Among other things, it was recommended that the governments should intervene in their economy in order to increase exports of finished products to other countries.
Keywords: State, Economy, Economic Development, Economic Policies, Trade, Japan
COVID-19 PANDEMIC; IMPLICATIONS TO CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA
GUNDE, YAKUBU; AUDI, ABUBAKAR AHMED; & EWUGA, LUCKY EKKA
Department of Educational Foundations, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.
The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has no doubt adversely affected the global economy. It has forced governments across the world to place restrictions on movement while exempting providers of services to strictly observe social distancing while providing services as a way to contain the spread of the virus. Unfortunately, the educational sector in Nigeria is grossly affected with roughly 10.3 million secondary school students been out of school as a result of the school closures with no or limited access to learning activities. This, to a large extent affected the process of curriculum implementation across all levels of education in Nigeria. This paper therefore examines the implications of COVID-19 pandemic on curriculum implementation in Nigeria and recommended among others, the following: that technologically enhanced educational platforms should be developed which will put into considerations; teacher and teacher interaction, teacher and students’ interaction as well as students and students’ interaction; that e-learning teaching and learning aids should be made available, affordable and accessible for both teachers and students.
Keywords: Education, COVID-19 pandemic, Curriculum, Curriculum Implementation, Nigeria.
TOWARDS ACHIEVING PEACE AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA
WADAMS, Z. S.
Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Jos
This paper examines the place of religion, peace and security in Nigeria and the challenges ahead of the nation today. The paper also examines the various concepts, that is, religion, peace and national security. It also discusses the following elements: ethnic politics, identity, religious politics identity, regional political identity and the challenges of today. The reaper observes.: the problems of the security that affects the attitudes, confidence and co-operation of all segment groups that made up the Nigeria federation. It addressed, the roles of religion and politics in sustaining the national security in Nigeria. Generally, national security is a global issue that concerns every nation. National security is one of the requirements to maintain the survival of the nation-state through the use of economic, military, political power and exercise of. diplomacy. The paper also makes conclusion, recommendations or suggestions,
Keywords: Religion, Peace, National security, Challenges, Today, Nigeria
NUTRIENT IMPROVEMENT AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF “DANWAKE” – A CASSAVA BASED SNACK
EJIM, M.N AND OMACHI B.A
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B, 55, Bida, Niger State.
Snacks are Important Components of the diet. They can be eaten in place of or between meals to provide a brief supply of energy and some other nutrients. “Danwake” is a cassava based snack that is popularly eaten among children and adults in the Northern parts of Nigeria. In this study “Danwake” was prepared and its proximate and sensory characteristics were examined. It was prepared using cassava flour, soybean flour, potash and salt. The blend formulations includes 95:5%, 90:10%, 85:15% cassava to soybeans and 100% cassava as control. Proximate and sensory evaluation was carried out on the “Danwake” samples using standard laboratory procedures. Moisture content ranged between, 34.36 – 40.86%, Ash content (0.39 – 1.38%); crude fat (0.38 – 4.76%); Crude protein (1.86 – 3.87%); Crude fibre (0.26 – 1.20%), Carbohydrate contents (61.41 – 50.79%). The moisture content and carbohydrate showed significant differences (P < 0.05) among samples while the crude protein, crude fat and crude fibre contents increased significantly (P > 0.05) with the addition of soybeans. Sensory evaluation results showed no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the taste and overall acceptability while appearance and texture showed significant difference (P <0.05) among the samples.
Keywords: Snacks, Cassava, Nutrient improvement, “Dawanke” and Sensory evaluation.
SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR CURBING INSECURITY AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRL CHILD IN NIGERIA
1MATHEW, BOLAJI. ALEDARE; 2OKPE, YENUSAH YAKUBU; 3IBRAHIM, ALIYU AMINU PhD; & 3ABUH, SIMON JEKELI
1Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa. 2Department of Geography, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa. 3Department of Biology, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa
The spate of insecurity challenge in Nigeria has assumed a dreadful magnitude that not only requires a multi-stakeholder approach, as it is being touted in various quarters, in quelling this conflagration threatening Nigeria’s statehood, particularly the women and the girl-child. It also necessitates a revival and reinforcement of Ethics of Science Education and virtues. In addition, the democratic system in place must begin to deliver the needed social goods so as to improve the standard of living of Nigerians and deliver many citizens from the state of absolute and uncontrolled poverty to which they have been subjected for a long while. The thirst for blood and the preference for violence in expressing pent-up frustration and disenchantment with the state, its citizens and national totem may be a pointer to the need to inculcate science education as core in all human endeavor, particularly to revive the moral sanctity, values and virtues within the socioeconomic, political, religious and that science education should be entrenched in the school curriculum and made compulsory from the basic education level in Nigeria.
Keywords: Education, Ethno-religious, Insecurity, Science
EVALUATION OF BIOENERGY PRODUCTION FROM MICROALGAE AS BASIS FOR TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
YAKATUN, A. A.1 AND ALFA, A. Y2.
1&2Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
Based on the current available technology, commercial biofuels production from microalgae has not been economically feasible as a result of energy requirement for algae culture, Algal biomass drying and lipid extraction processes high. Integrated systems of algae cultivation and biofuels production is one of the technological strategies adopted in the area of algae biofuels Research and Development (R&D) in order to overcome feasibility and techno-economic barriers linked with large scale production of algae biofuels. Therefore this study seeks to assess the integrated process system in order to evaluate or estimate its technical performance, which will provide a solid basis for future economic analysis. In doing this, a study of system integrating biomethane production and biodiesel production using a harvested alga biomass was conducted. Four different scenarios were modelled: methane production, biodiesel production, biodiesel and methane (using residue from biodiesel production), and combined methane and biodiesel production, with each case generating electricity. These scenarios were analyzed and evaluated with respect to products output and energy performance. Microsoft Excel was used to aid in the analysis. The evaluation shows that in 100kg alga biomass the energy that can be generated is in surplus of 16.37 % – 76.69% after supply for on-site use in lipid extraction, transesterification process and anaerobic digestion (AD) system. However, the overall finding from this work is that the feasible technological path of integrated anaerobic digestion and algae cultivation for biofuel production is in the simultaneous combined production of methane and biodiesel and electricity; and this promises viable biorefinery with algae biofuels production.
KEYWORDS: Algae, Anaerobic Digestion, Biodiesel, integrated systems, Methane, waste paper
CORONAVIRUS: A CAUSE FOR ELECTRONIC SYSTEM OF RENT PAYMENT
1ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE; & 2FATIMA MOHAMMED ABUBAKAR
1Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. 2Quantity Surveying Department, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi
This study examines how tenants pay rents to the landlord during the outbreak of the coronavirus in Bauchi, Nigeria from January 2020 to June 2020. The available rent payment options to the tenants are broadly divisible intophysical cash payment and electronic payment options. Data for the study were obtained from both the primary and secondary sources, the data collected were analyzed by the use of non-parametric and descriptive statistics among which are percentage tables and mean ranking. Data collected from 127 respondences include age, sex, educational level, and rent payment by cash, rent payment by electronics system, factors (security, easy of payment, transaction cost, and fear of contacting COVID-19) that influence the payment of rent through electronic means were also considered. The result shows that renters prefers paying rent by cash to electronic means of rent payment during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bauchi, Nigeria. Keywords: coronavirus, Rent payment, Electronic system, Bauchi.
THE NEED TO INTEGRATE SECURITY AND FORENSIC EDUCATION INTO TEACHER’S EDUCATION CURRICULUM: A PANACEA TO COPE WITH SECURITY CHALLENGES AND CRIMES IN NIGERIA.
*GULEE, SULEIMAN DOGONYARO (Ph.D.); **DANLADI, AMINA SALISU; & ***GWANNA, MARIANA NENADI
*Department of Integrated Science, Kaduna Sate College of Education, Gidan Waya, P.M.B 1024, Kafanchan. **Department of Science Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State. ***Department of Special Need Education, Kaduna Sate College of Education, Gidan Waya, P.M.B 1024, Kafanchan.
Increasing rate of insecurity and crime in Nigeria has continued to attract attention of the international organization and the major stakeholders within Nigeria. Despites the large security budget government allocates to security, the situation is deteriorating everyday. Teacher education curriculum development is seen in this paper as an acceptable catalyst for security and forensic science skills acquisition to curb with the increasing security and crime challenge in Nigeria. This position makes it clear that, education particularly science teacher education should be re-structured to provide citizens with relevant knowledge, skills, attitudes and competencies which are needed for survival in the midst of this global challenge of insecurity. It is against this backdrop that, this paper examined ways of making science teacher responsive to global security challenge and instructional demand of security and forensic science education at teacher education. This is considered very important in successful implementation of sustainable development goals. To meet the challenge of the time, the curriculum of the teacher education should be developed with the content of security and forensic science education with technology as a driving force. This is crucial because teachers are the one interact with learners at all levels of education. The paper suggested required security and forensic science skills that can be embedded into curriculum of various subjects such as Fine Art, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Computer Science, Integrated science among others, for easy acquisition of the require skills. The paper also recommended that security and forensic science education should be integrated into science teacher education curriculum in order to produce teachers that are knowledgeable in security and forensic science skills to meet the security challenge of the time.
KEY WORDS: Security, Forensic, Teacher, Education, Curriculum
ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF LAND TITLE REGISTRATION ON COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT IN UYO, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA
MBOSOWO EBONG EKPO, PHD; & UDUAK OKON JEREMIAH
Department of Estate Management, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.
Registration of title and real estate investment decision play a vital role in the physical and economic development of towns and cities all over the world. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of delay in land registration of title on commercial property investments among investors in Uyo, with a view to formulating the models for predicting the relationship between land registration and real estate investment decision. In order to achieve the stated aim, the following objectives were stated: to analyse the impacts of delay in the registration of land title on real estate investment decision in the study area, to determine the relationship between real estate investment decision and land title registration. Out of the 106 registered Estate Surveyors and Valuers practicing in Akwa Ibom State, eighty-seven (87) was reported to have carried out appraisal in the study area. Each of the 87 firms surveyed had about six (6) appraised investments in their portfolios, making the total number of appraised investments under study to be 522; thus, the sample size for this study was 522. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the commercial properties for the data collection. It was found that the delay in the process of land title registration in the study area caused a total of 16% increase in construction cost, thereby bringing about 27.74% reduction in the developers’ profit when the sensitivity analysis was conducted. It was also found out that the rental value decreased by11% thereby bringing about 76.29% sensitivity indicator towards the net present value. Factor analysis was also employed in the analysis and results from the rotated component matrix showed that Factor_8, which asserted that there is strong relationship between delay in title registration of real estate and investment decision had the greatest loading factor. This implies that this research work is valid, from the inference drawn using a scientific tool. The research concluded that efforts should be put in place by the Government and other stakeholders to curb the delay in land title registration in Uyo.
Keywords: Commercial real estate, Land title, Registration, Real Estate Investment, Uyo.
EXPLORING TEACHERS’ EFFECTIVENESS AND CHARACTERISTICS TOWARDS ENHANCING PEACE AND NATIONAL UNITY
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi State
Education through effective curriculum implementation is the only instrument par excellence for national development. This largely depends on peace, security of life, assets, and national unity that exists among the citizens of a given nation. The research method adopted was a descriptive approach. Thus, this paper examines the concept of curriculum implementation and elaborates on factors that influence teachers’ effectiveness in subject matter delivery. A number of ideals, qualities or characteristics which a teacher must possess towards inculcating and producing effective citizens with right values and attitudes for peace and national unity are fully reflected. Suggestions on how to sustain and preserve peace and national unity among Nigerian citizens were also offered.
Keywords: Teacher effectiveness, Characteristics, Curriculum Implementation, Peace, National Unity.
RESOLVING CONFLICT THROUGH NATIONAL INETEGRATION
MAMMAN NATHAN ENOS
Kashim Ibrahim College of Eduction, Department of Christian Religious Studies, Maiduguri, Borno State
Integration is the process of incorporating racially, economically, politically etc. into the normal stream. It may involve empowering victims of conflict or subcultural group that were segregated upon. The aim of the program is to resolve conflict through sustainable peace building .Successful peace building will require inclusion. This lead to the discussion of inclusive integration .This process requires that the victims of conflict are directly involved in the implementation of peace –building programs. This paper also discusses some of the strategies to be adopted toward a successful and sustainable peace –building process. It is understood that when victims are directly involved in finding solution to their problems (peace-building process), it clears away perceived fear, instead it built trust and honesty in the individuals or victims of conflict. However inclusive integration should follow an established rules and constitution of the country in collaboration with international stake holders’ civil societies worthy of note is that conflict is a relative term. It is not only limited to physical conflict ,or terrorism, but also include domestic ,office ,religious ,economic and psychological conflict which often times are by product of exclusion –It might also be caused by the political elites ,traditional authorities government authorities that were expected to be fully part of the peace building process but deviated due to their personal interest . We are in a generation where majority prefers self-righteous in the eyes of the few families or relations. A generation that celebrate selfishness, greed, pride and even the suffering of others in our society, we are prepared to lose one of eyes if it will go well with our personality not minding the majority that are suffering .For our selfish reasons we avoid reconciliation. We should have a generation of willing people that can give in their best, so that peace can reign in the society and that everyone is properly integrated to the normal life stream that can lead to equal distribution of resources through trust and love for one another.
KEYWORDS: Resolution, conflict, Integration, Inclusive, National, Insurgent, Corruption, Sustainable, and Peace.
MULTILINGUALISM AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
SIMON TIMOTHY ; LANDI G. AMOS ; & DAHIRU M. ABDULLAHI
English Unit, School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi.
Due to the linguistic plurality of Nigeria, the question of National Development becomes a major concern to its citizens. Language makes man distinct and sets him apart from animals and other inanimate objects. It enables man to organize a socio-political community. Language, more than any other artifact, has transformed and facilitated the development of humans from cave dwellers to city inhabitants who organize themselves into socio-economic groups, states and nations. National development on the other hand is usually described in terms of economic growth, attainment of economic targets, growth rate, increase in Gross National Product (GNP) or Gross Domestic Product (GDP), rise in per capita income, etc. Bamgbose (1991:36). The multilingual setting of Nigerian language did not hinder national development rather it aids its development. In a society where there is full operation of the rule of law, where human rights are not tempered with, where there is freedom of the press via effective use of linguistic diversity, such society will develop in no small measure but if a society lacks all these listed qualities, national development becomes a mirage.
Keywords: Multilingualism, Language, Nigeria and National Development
LEVERAGING THE MASS MEDIA AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR NIGERIA’S POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
1ABEL, BILLY GRAHAM; 1TANYISHI, RADEINO MADDEINO; & 2YONGO, VENO MICLOTH
1Department of Mass Communication, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola. 2Departments of International Relations and Strategic Studies, School of Social and Management Sciences, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola.
The research in its introduction gave an overview of the whole work; looked at the problem embedded on lack of leveraging the mass media for Nigeria’s political and economic development and the objectives of the paper, one of which is to establish the nexus between the mass media, political development, economic development and development generally. It looked at the conceptual clarifications of the major phrases that make up the study. It considered the mass media and its role in national development, mass media and Nigeria’s trudge towards economic growth and development and concluded that development, whether political, economic or in other ways cannot be seen, heard and appreciated by the citizens as affecting their lives positively without leveraging the mass media. One of the recommendations is on the necessity of integrating the use of mass media at all levels of national development – from policy formulation, policy execution and policy evaluation, to making political and economic development really peoples centered by leveraging the mass media.
Keywords: Leveraging, Mass Media, Instrument, Development, Political Development, Economic Development, National Development, Nigeria.
SELECTED HISTORICAL MONUMENTS OF THE SOKOTO JIHAD, IN THE OLD GWADABAWA METROPOLITAN DISTRICT, SOKOTO CALIPHATE
FATIMA ABUBAKAR GIDADAWA1, YUSUF SARKINGOBIR2
1Department of Islamic Studies, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria. 2Department of Biology, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria.
Therefore, this paper aimed to discribe selected monumental locations in the old Gwadabawa created by Maiturare Marafa Gwadabawa. The old Gwadabawa Metropolitan District was a land and extensive district, which disgorged Tangaza, Gada, Illela, and Gudu local governments of present Sokoto State, Nigeria. The great Islamic reformer of the 19th century, Shehu Usman Danfodiyo, was brought up, moulded, and taught in Degel of the present Gwadabawa local government, Sokoto State. Therein was his house, school, and tombs of many distinguished personalities who lived with Shehu. Near Degel there is Chimmola, then some kilometers away is Huchi. Both were intially established as Ribats to guard the Sokoto Caliphate. Huchi and Chimmola are still parts of Gwadabawa local government area of Sokoto; being visited by people from far and near to witness the historical scenes of the 9th century jihad. Gudu, the migration destination of Shehu was part of Gwadabawa, and presently in Tangaza and Gudu region of Sokoto State, Nigeria. These places are of historical value, their remains need to be preserved for the upcoming generations to appreciate history.
Keywords: Sokoto Caliphate, Shehu Usman Danfodiyo, Gwadabawa, Chimmola, Gudu, Migration, jihad, islam
PUBLIC ATTITUDE OF SUBSCRIBERS TOWARDS E-MARKETING ACTIVITIES OF TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES IN BIDA METROPOLIS: THE GLOBACOM AND MTN COMMUNICATION SERVICES SUBSCRIBERS’ EXPERIENCES
AMINA MOHAMMED DOKO & SALIHU SHEHU
Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida
The research is based on public attitude towards e-marketing activities of telecommunication services in Bida, Niger State. Issues that prompted this research include spam, i.e. unsolicited bulk emails, misunderstanding of emails, and spam that could damage the company’s reputation and brand. The general objective of this study is to assess the attitude of consumers towards E-marketing activities. The research methodology used for this work is descriptive research design. A total of 150 customers were taken into account for this study. Both primary and secondary data were used; secondary data came from previous books and works similar to this one, while primary data came from questionnaires administered to customers of both telecom brands. The results revealed that increased revenue strengthens the brand; manages online status and better e-marketing result. In conclusion, consumer attitude towards email advertising and advertising value are strongly related to the content and frequency of the advertising message sent by email. As part of the writer’s recommendations; Mobile network companies should increase the use of e-marketing sales methods to increase their revenue. Both mobile network companies also need to improve their brand awareness to enable them to achieve their business goals and objectives. The business is expected to maintain rapid growth that has impressed many retailers for selling products or services online, as it is an important channel to expand their market.
Keywords: Public Attitude, Subscribers; e-marketing; Telecommunication; Services; Metropolis; Communication; Experiences.
EFFECT OF MICRO AND SMALL ENTERPRISES IN LEATHER PRODUCTS ON EMPLOYMENT GENERATION IN ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE
¹OLATUNJI T.E. (PhD); ²DAUDA, ADAMU ABUBAKAR; ³JUNGUDO, MARYAM MOHAMMED; ⁴DOGARA, NASIRU DANLADI (PhD); AND 5OJO, GRACE REMILEKUN (PhD)
¹-²Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria. ³Dept. of Footwear Tech., NILEST, Zaria. ⁴Nasarawa State Board of Internal Revenue, Lafia. 5Government Secondary School, Airport, Abuja
This study assessed the effect of micro and small enterprises in leather on poverty reduction in Zaria Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. The specific objective was to determine the contributions of MSEs on employment generation in Zaria Local Government Area, Kaduna State; A total of 300 respondents were randomly selected from Micro and Small Enterprises owners in Zaria Local Government Areas of Kaduna State. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression model were used. The result revealed that MSEs have significant contributions on employment generation. It was concluded that Micro and Small Enterprises in Leather Products significantly contributed to poverty reduction in Zaria Local Government of Kaduna State. The study therefore, recommends the need for Micro Small and Medium Enterprises to take advantage of the proximity of NILEST, Zaria through collaborations to improve their business operations (production and distribution) and enlarge the scope of the business in order to generate more employment opportunities in the area.
ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ON IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES
*MOHAMMED ALHAJI YUSUF; **SANI MUSTAPHA KURA; ***BASHIR ALIYU BAWURO
*Department of Business Education, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State. **Department of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State. ***Department of Social Studies, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State.
This study examines and analyses the role of human resources management on improving the effectiveness of employees. The aim of this study is to analyse the main indicators of organizational management that includes 5 sub scales, searching for employees, employee’s recruitment and selection, design and implementation of training programs, employee performance evaluation and training of trainers in the organizational unit. For this purpose, 120 people from statistical community of administrators and teachers were selected using simple random sampling. The instrument of this study is a researcher-made questionnaire containing 40 questions and is scored on Likert scale. Data was collected after completion of questionnaire by samples. In order to compare the results, statistical model of one-sample t was used for each of the questions related to the indicator of management of human resources. And also using t-model of two independent groups, each item was compared with an emphasis on organizational status (employee-manager) and it was concluded that the impact of human resource management in improving organizational effectiveness is effective in the level of 1% alpha.
Keywords: human resource, education, management, effectiveness, employees
PROMOTING NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH PREVENTION OF DRUG ABUSE AMONG SOUTHEAST UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES
*ONYEKWELU, RAPHAEL AZUBUIKE; **OBIEKEZIE, NKIRUKA PERPETUA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus. **Department of Political Science Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Umunze, Anambra State.
This study was aimed at promoting national development through prevention of drug abuse among southeast university undergraduates. Descriptive survey research design was adopted in conduct of the study. Two research questions and two research hypotheses guided the study. The population comprised all the 20 universities in the 5 Southeastern states of Nigeria. Through the application of stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques, a sample of 50 lecturers and 500 students were selected, giving a total of 550 respondents. A self-designed questionnaire called Drug Abuse Questionnaire (DAQ) was adopted in collection of data for the study. The face and content validity of the instrument was carried out by experts. Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used in determining the reliability coefficients of the instrument which gave a coefficient of .81 which was considered high enough and reliable for the instrument. The research questions were answered using mean statistic while the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient analysis. Findings from the study showed that there is a significant relationship between being an undergraduate and drug abuse in Southeastern universities in Nigeria. Lecturers and students agreed to a very high extent that there is a significant relationship between drug abuse by undergraduates in Southeastern Universities and national development. Finally, the researchers recommended that mass media should facilitate government’s campaign against drug abuse, and avoid such thrilling advertisements and jingles like those of tobacco and alcohol (Liquor) among others.
Keywords: Drug abuse, undergraduates, universities, development, national.