TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH (TIJASDR)
VOL. 6 (2) AUGUST, 2021 EDITIONS. ISSN: 2067-4112
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
RADIO PROGRAMME (DOKITA WA) AS TOOL FOR DRIVING THE ADOPTION OF MATERNAL HEALTH CARE PRACTICES AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN ILISHAN-REMO, OGUN STATE
AKINTAYO, BABAFEMI J., EKEH, CHARLES M.; & OKUNOLA, MARIAM O.
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State
Radio is one of the most accessible media platforms upon which health communication messages are driven. Despite this, studies have shown that Nigeria loses a high number of under 5 children and women of child-bearing age yearly especially those residing in rural communities of developing countries. This study therefore investigated the use of the radio programme (Dokita wa) as tool for driving the adoption of maternal health care practices among women of reproductive age in Ilishan-Remo community, Ogun state, Nigeria. The study utilized the pre-test, post-test experimental design. Questionnaires were distributed to 100 women of child bearing age before and after exposure to the radio programme (Dokita wa). Results showed that women of child bearing age in Ilishan-Remo community had little knowledge about maternal mortality and therefore paid little or no attention to it before exposure to the radio programme. However, after the intervention, the women had broadened knowledge about maternal mortality, its causes and preventive practices and were willing to participate in the war to combat the scourge. The study therefore recommended that in order to put an end to maternal mortality, radio and other media platforms should be utilized in creating more awareness and educating women on safe maternal practices that can help reduce the incidence of maternal mortality.
Keywords: Maternal mortality, maternal health, reproductive age and radio health programme (Dokita wa) and media messages
ASSESSMENT OF SOIL SUSCEPTIBILITY TO EROSION ON SMALL-HOLDER FARMS IN VANDEIKYA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
ILIYASU M. ANZAKU1, EKOJA ROBERT E2., FRANCIS DAMACHI3, JENNIFER H. HAMADU4, & USMAN S. LAY5
1Department of science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria 2Department of Urban and Regional planning, Nigeria Army Institute of Technology and Environmental Studies, Makurdi, Benue State 3&5Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nasarawa State University, Keffi 4Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanity, Management and Social Sciences, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
The soils used for food production in Mbaityoug (Tsar) council ward are threatened by different factors, such as soil degradation due to erosion and lack of nutrients. This study assess soils susceptibility to erosion on small-holder farms in Vandeikya local Government area. This research is important because data on the soils from this area is needed for the completion of the Universal Soil Loss Equation, soil erosion risk assessment, and design of conservation structures. Some soil properties and indices of erodibility were determined and an erodibility map was developed. Moisture content, porosity, and clay content were low while permeability and bulk density were high. Dispersion ratio and modified clay ratio were found to be averagely high while erosion ratio and water stable aggregates were low. Erodibility factor K was computed and found to range between 0.05 at Orange farm and to 0.24 at Maize and African pears farms respectively. Ogbono and Orange farm has St of 10.12 and 9.25(stable soil structure). Soil loss was also noticed to be highest at Maize and African Pears farms (49t/ha/yr). A correlation analysis between soil loss and the indices of erodibility was carried out where it was observed that DR, MCR correlated positively with soil loss while negative correlation existed between soil loss with Erosion ratio and Water Stable Aggregates. Based on known standards and values of Erodibility factor (K) obtained, an Erodibility map of the study area was made. Finally, this study also shows that at the 0.05 level of significance, there is a relationship between Dispersion Ratio(DR),Modified Clay Ratio(MCR),Erosion Ratio(ER) and, Water Stable Aggregate(WSA) when correlated with SL(Soil loss). The study recommends Orange and Ogbono farming practice with the least susceptibility of soils to erosion for soil management and conservation purpose. Improved productivity through research and extension, removal of tree crops should be discouraged and up-to-date information on the smallholder sector.
Keywords: Susceptibility, small-holder farms, erodibility, soil, degradation
ADOPTION OF DStv PARENTAL CONTROL FOR TELEVISION MEDIATION AMONG PARENTS IN ETI-OSA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, LAGOS STATE
PATRICIA E. ERNEST-ONUIRI PhD; & OVIE EYAMIKE
Department of Mass Communication, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences, Babcock University. Ilishan-Remo, Ogun state.
Unmonitored media exposure has been linked with negative psychographic development in children. This is a concern especially with television viewership. In 2011, the Digital Satellite Television (DStv) – the foremost satellite TV provider in Africa introduced the Parental Control (PC) feature enabling parents totally control viewership by restricting and monitoring access to TV stations whether or not they are home. Anchored on social learning theory, this study empirically determined the extent to which awareness of DStv’s PC and perceptions among parents in Eti-Osa Local Government Area, Lagos state results in its use. 400 parents were Purposively surveyed from Ikota/Ikate Village, Igbo-Efon/Ikota Housing Estate, Victoria Island, Ikoyi II. Awareness of DStv PC was found to have a strong positive significant relationship with parents’ perception of DStv PC (r = 0.932, p<0.05), and their use of DStv’s PC (r = 0.897, p<0.05). However, the use of PCs among parents was found to be insignificant. There is a need for parents to be intentional about the need to mediate their children’s television viewership and also, they should combine restrictive mediation with active mediation or co-use mediation.
Keywords: Parental mediation, Digital Satellite Television, Parental control, Awareness, Perception, Use
INFLUENCE OF RADIO SPORTS PROGRAMMES ON THE PROMOTION OF SPORTS BETTING AMONG YOUTHS IN NIGERIA
*JEGEDE, OMOLAYO O. PhD; **OHWESI, OYINDAMOLA EJIRO; & *EKPO, PEACE
*Department of Mass Communication, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun state. **Kean University, School of Communication, Media and Journalism, 1000 Moris avenue, Union, NJ 07083, USA
Sports-betting is a trend that cannot be overlooked most especially by the youths, with the reward of thousands that could possibly lead to millions of naira promised. This has transformed the sports world particularly with the involvement of the media in the promotion of sports betting and betting business. Hence, the need for the study on the Influence of radio sports programmes on the promotion of sports betting among youths in Nigeria. The study aimed at critically examining the extent to which sports betting is accepted, understanding of the sponsored sports programme (popular side), the drive behind sports betting ant the anti-social behaviours promoted as a result of betting. The social credibility and uses and gratification theories underpinned this research work. The study adopted the survey method-questionnaire and interview guide were used as instruments of data collection. The study found that the major drive for continuous betting among youths is money and the highest population in the betting world are students; this is worrisome as they ought to be in school or in some vocational trainings. Also, certain anti-social behaviours like stealing, smoking, and drinking are predominant among sports betting punters. Most revealing is that, radio does not have so much influence in promoting sports betting. The study, therefore, recommends that schools should organize seminars to redirect students with a keen interest in money to the essence and dignity of labour. Betting companies should also put in place correction plans for problem gamblers.
Keywords: Sports Betting, Punters, Drive, Promotion, Youths, Anti-social, Sports
PHILOSOPHICAL APPRAISAL OF WOMEN EDUCATION IN THE PROMOTION OF PEACE AND SECURITY IN OGUN STATE
*DR. R. M. QUAYE; & **DR. A. A. ADEDIRAN
*Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-ife, Osun State, Nigeria. **Social Studies Department, School of Arts & Social Sciences, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
The study examines the philosophical appraisal of women education in the promotion of peace and security in Ogun State. It is a non-experimental study which involves the use of a simply survey research design where questionnaires were used to acquire necessary data for the research work. Population comprises of all Non-teaching female staff of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State. Random sampling technique was used to select 100 Non-teaching Female Staff of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta from five (5) schools as sample for study. A self-developed questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The research instrument used for the study was a questionnaire that contained ten hundred (10) questionnaire items seeking information on the research finding. Research objectives were formed into two hypotheses which were tested for the study. The data collected were analyzed with the use of chi-square statistical tool. The result revealed that the roles of women’s education will significantly promotion of peace and security and the study also indicated that the hindrances in women’s education will significantly influence promotion of peace and security. The study recommended that Qualified women should be promoted into higher level skills and responsibilities in the occupational structure; Special effort must be made to attract and train women for decision-making positions; and Women should be encouraged to participate in trade unions and collective bargaining to select the special needs of the women folk.
Keywords: Philosophical, Women Education, Peace, Security, Appraisal.
PARTY POLITICS AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE: A STUDY OF SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA (1999 – 2021)
OLURANTI AYOMOLA (Ph.D); EKAT ROBERT AKPAMA
Department Of Political Science And Public Administration, Babcock University
The South-South region of Nigeria is faced with widespread political violence, such that states in the region are usually tense during political activities. Suffice it to say that there are strong political parties in the region, as well as strong political actors who are willing and capable of going to devious lengths to achieve political advantage. Also, as they jostle to win power in the region, they tend to stir violence within and outside their parties. This is a quantitative study, using correlational method. The primary method of data collection was adopted, using questionnaire for data collection. Using Taro Yamane formula, the sample size for this study was 400 from a population of 4,138,455 which is the Population of all adults within the voting age in Rivers and Bayelsa states which were the sample areas of the study. The multistage sampling technique was adopted for the study, covering the stratified sampling and the simple random sampling techniques. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze sections of the questionnaire. A number of findings were revealed in this study. One is that elections moderately influence political violence in South-South, Nigeria. Also, a number of revelations were achieved with regards to respondents’ responses to suggested approaches on how to handle political violence in the South-South region. At the end of the study, certain recommendations were made. They are; governments of the South-South states must create jobs for their teeming youths; the judicial system within Nigeria’s South-South geopolitical zone should be made more robust in dealing with political crimes; civil Society Organizations within the South-South geopolitical zone should improve their capacity, and decline partisanship; the electoral body, INEC, needs to enforce compliance to internal democracy in political parties in South-South Nigeria.
Keywords: Democracy, Election, Party, Politics, Violence
THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF TOURISM TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
OKUNOLA ADAFIN A. OLAIYA; MICHAEL OGUNYEBI CAN; AND IDOWU OLUUFUNKE BOLA
Kwara State University, Malete
The tourism industry is economically important and grows rapidly. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated 6.4 trillion or 6.6% of the nation’s GDP in 2016. It supported 39.5 million jobs, 7.7% of its total employment. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.9% from 2013 to 2023. Nigeria’s Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest. There are a lot of options for the tourists. Nigeria is a country with rich cultural and traditional diversity. This aspect is even reflected in its tourism. The different parts of the country offer wide variety of interesting places to visit. This paper examines the importance tourism to national development. Tourism is considered to be an economic bonanza. It is a multi-segment industry. While gauging the positive economic effects of tourism, this paper study its importance to National development, expansion of employment opportunities, rising of tax revenue, generation of foreign exchange and transformation of regional economy. Tourism is an important economic activity in most countries around the world. As well as its direct economic impact, the industry has significant-indirect and induced impacts.
REVIEW OF DISCIPLINARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO PLANETARY HEALTH COLLABORATIONS FOCUSED ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 3.9 & 11.3
*UMAR IBRAHIM; & **JASON H. PRIOR
*Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria. **Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney, Australia, PO Box 123, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
Planetary health argues that urban and natural environment and health are indivisibly linked, in this regard, a growing number of emerging interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches, under the auspice of planetary health, have been developed to focus on addressing sustainable development goals numbers 3.9 and 11.3. This is a systematic literature review of transdisciplinary approaches to planetary health focused on addressing SDG 3.9 and 11.3. A systematic literature review search was conducted in five databases and Google Scholar from April 4th to 30th May 2018, applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. The search uncovered 232 articles from which 57 relevant articles were selected and synthesised for the study. The findings of the review reveals potential disciplinary contributions across the environment, health governance, ecological public health, health geographies, global health governance, and sustainable development that could theoretically address planetary health challenges, through transdisciplinary collaborations. Furthermore, the findings highlight how transdisciplinary collaborations for planetary health drawn attention across different levels of decision-making could benefit from the disciplinary contributions. Addressing planetary health requires methodological approaches and coordinated actions that mitigate environmental change impact on human health from the targeted disciplines, through an effective environment and health governance mechanism, at both local and international levels, utilizing Sustainable Development Goal 3.9 & 11.3 stipulations.
Keywords: Systematic-review, Planetary-Health, transdisciplinary, Sustainability, Urbanization
ALTERNATIVE FUNDING STRATEGIES AND PROVISION OF MATERIAL RESOURCES IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA
*JIMOH ABIODUN; & **ABU ABUBAKAR
*Department of Educational Foundations, School of General Education, Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State **Department of Early Child Care Education, School of Primary and Early Child Education, Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State
Underfunding has almost becoming a permanent problem in Nigerian universities and it has been hindering the optimum performance of these higher institutions in the country. This paper therefore examines the alternative funding strategies and the provision of material resources in Nigeria Federal universities. Thus the concept of alternative funding strategies was viewed, the funding trend and problems in federal universities were traced from 2011 to date. It also examines the various alternative way of funding Federal universities viz-a-viz the provision of material resources in Nigeria federal universities. The paper concludes that federal government alone cannot provide the needed fund to run Federal universities in Nigeria because the government is saddled with many responsibilities, which are paramount to the development of the country as whole, and it recommends that the Federal universities should intensify their effort to improve their internally generated revenue sources and search for more than what contained in this paper.
Keyword: Alternative Funding, Material Resources, Federal Universities Nigeria.
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ROLES OF INFORMAL SECTOR IN UNEMPLOYMENT REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. (1980-2018)
SALISU BABA MANU; MUSA ALIYU USMAN; MAMUDA ABDU; & USMAN MA’ULE
Department of Economics, School of Arts & Social sciences, A.D. Rufa’I College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau. P.M.B. 004 Misau, Bauchi State Nigeria
This study empirically examined the roles played by informal sector in the quest for reducing unemployment in Nigeria between the period 1980 and 2018. Secondary time series data for 38 years were used in this study. Data on the variables include formal unemployment, informal sector growth and Gross capital formation. Unit root test based on ADF & PP techniques were conducted to check for the unit root properties of the time series data used in the model. The result revealed that one variable (INFS) was found to be stationary at level I(0), while the remaining variables (UFs, L & GCF) were found to be stationary at first difference. Co-integration test based on JJ techniques was used to check for the long-run relationship among the variables. The result confirm the presence of long-run relationship. Having found the long run relationship, a short-term relationship which also revealed it presence. We therefore conclude that, informal sector has not substantially reduced the growth of unemployment rate in Nigeria, though it helps in improving living standards and poverty reduction. We therefore recommend that, the central government should formulate a policy which could make informal sector instrumental in unemployment reduction in Nigeria.
Keywords: Unemployment, informal sector, economic growth, employment
ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS INFLUENCING FARMERS PREFERENCE TO SOURCES OF COMMUNICATION ON AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION IN GIADE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE
1BABUGA, U. S.; 2DANDAWO, H; & 3ALI, M. A
1Department of Agriculture Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic, Hadejia, Jigawa State. 3Department of Agricultural Education, Aminu Sale college of education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This study was conducted to determine factors influencing effective communication of agricultural information in Giade LGA, Bauchi state. The study utilized a descriptive survey research design. The sample size was 150 respondents randomly drawn from three wards of the LGA using simple random sampling technique. Fifty respondents were selected from each of the selected wards. The study used a questionnaire to obtain primary data. The questionnaires were self-administered. Results of the study indicated the major extension communication media in the study area is radio utilized by 90% 0f the respondents. The result further revealed that there is a positive and significant relationship between choice of media, socio-economic characteristics and effective communication of agricultural information as supported by beta coefficients of 0.217 and 0.651 respectively. The results also showed that there is a negative and significant relationship between, farmers’ attitude and effective communication of agricultural information as supported by beta coefficients of -0.038.Choice of media and farmers attitude influences effective communication. The study recommended that the extension agency through the relevant contact persons at the community level, should develop communication structures that can effectively improve information exchange between the extension workers and the farmers. It is also suggested that further studies should be conducted on the specific kind of agricultural information that small scale farmers need for increased productivity.
Keywords: Assessment, Farmers, Preference, Agricultural, and Information
TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY COTTON TEXTILE PROCESSING: WASTE GENERATION AND TREATMENT
IZUAKOR PATIENCE AMUCHE; & EHICHANYA ANGELA NGOZI
Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal Polytechnic, Oko.
This review discusses cotton textile processing and methods of treating effluent in the textile industry. Several countries, including India, have introduced strict ecological standards for textile industries. With more stringent controls expected in the future, it is essential that control measures be implemented to minimize effluent problems. Industrial textile processing comprises pretreat-ment, dyeing, printing, and finishing operations. These production processes not only consume large amounts of energy and water, but they also produce substantial waste products. This manuscript combines a discussion of waste production from textile processes, such as desizing, mercerizing, bleaching, dyeing, finishing, and (. printing, with a discussion of advanced methods of effluent treatment, such as electro-oxidation, bio-treatment, photochemical, and membrane processes.
AN ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENTAL IMPACT AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES ASSOCIATED WITH TOURISM ON SOCIETIES
*LAWAL KABIR TUNAU; *YAKUBU USMAN MOHAMMED; & **ZAINAB YUSUF
*Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa-Nigeria. **Department of Environmental Management, Kaduna State University, Kaduna-Nigeria
The importance of tourism development in preserving both natural and man-made environment cannot be overemphasized. Likewise, tourism depends solely on the environment to exist and survive This paper analyses the developmental impact and negative consequences associated with tourism on selected countries that is Kenya and India. It specifically discusses such issues as social and cultural impacts of tourism development, negative socio-cultural impacts of tourism, environment impacts of tourism, tourism potentials of the selected countries and their tourism development impacts. The study concludes that despite its attraction and multifaceted characteristics, tourism is not an easy sector to develop. It thrives, first of all, in an atmosphere of peace and security. It requires good marketing, market research, interpretation, orientation and promotion to be successful. In the end, some crucial recommendations are presented such as understanding the overall picture of environmental and socio-cultural impacts of tourism activities at destinations and environmental protection, conservation and restoration of biological diversity and sustainable use of natural resources.
Keywords: Tourism, developmental impact, negative consequences, societies
ROLE OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN CURBING SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA
UKONU, EGBE ELIZABETH; AZU, NWADIUKO OKIKE; & HABU, JINGI UMAR
Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State
This paper brings to the fore the role of Vocational and Technical Education(VTE) in curbing Security Challenges in Nigeria. It is a field of study that is aimed at equipping the individuals, especially youth, with the relevant skills and knowledge that will enhance their functionality in the society where they live. Vocational and technical education equips learners with both key competences and specific vocational skills. Types of insecurity in Nigeria include: kidnapping and abduction, armed robberies, suicide bombing, militancy, banditry among others. It was revealed that lack of quality education or training, lack or inadequate basic infrastructures, corruption and corrupt practices of government officials, unemployment and poverty are some of the causes of insecurity in Nigeria. Types of Vocational and Technical Education that will boost youth self-reliant and curb security challenges are: catering craft practice, electrical installation, mechanical engr. craft practice, motor Vehicle Mechanics, painting and decorating, business studies, radio and television electronics, graphics arts. Vocational and technical education has played a major role in helping students to develop practical skills, it enhances the development of the economy, functional vocational and technical education helps solve insecurity issues, security challenges may be reduced through investment in vocational and technical education. The curriculum of VTE enhances creativity and innovation, insecurity problems will linger or continue if the government doesn’t make vocational and technical education functional, most of the youth that involves in cultism, banditry, thuggery, kidnapping, militancy and insurgency are unemployed. Based on the foregoing, the following suggestions were made: Government should make vocational and technical schools functional by providing them with adequate human, financial and material resources that will aid teaching and learning in the technical schools in the country. There should be societal re-orientation on the relevance of the VTE by the state government and the curriculum of vocational and technical education should be improved in line with the current and global best practices among others.
Keywords: Education, Vocational and Technical Education (VTE), insecurity, unemployment, poverty.
DEMOCRACY AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE
*SALE OSE OYAKATA Ph.D.; & **OSUDE, BALA OSUMANYI
*Department of Arts, Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, Lafia. **Department of Social Sciences, Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, Lafia
Democracy is a fundamental concept that has been widely accepted/adopted and practiced among countries of the world, intellectuals/scholars/political leaders as the best option igniting good governance and national development worldwide and Nigeria in particular. This paper agreed that constitutional democracy is the best principles if adapted will shower blessings and dividends of democracy to the masses and the country at large as well as stability and national development. The paper however, outlines some democratic bottleneck as it affects the running and practice of democratic government in Nigeria. These includes; corruption, insecurity, political thugs and thuggery, lack of good leadership quality, poverty, unemployment, lack of vision and mission statement/lack of good governance from the ruling elites amongst others has been a major problem affecting development in Nigerian society. In the light of foregoing, the study utilized both primary and secondary sources of data. Under the primary sources, oral interviews were conducted among the political class as well as the masses while the secondary sources was the review of textbooks, periodicals, internet service and other unpublished materials such as seminar and conference papers, project/dissertation/thesis among others materials relevant to the study. The study is timely and significant because it added value to the practice of democracy if adhere strictly to the principle/tenets of democracy as well as contribution to knowledge. The findings of the study revealed that the role played by the political leadership in Nigeria is grossly inadequate because they have not meet the yearnigs and aspirations of the Nigeria people. The paper therefore, on the basis of the above recommends amongst other things in order to achieve a virile, strong and sound democracy in Nigeria society.
Keywords: Democracy, National, Development, Experience, Issues, and way-forward
YOUTH AND ELECTORAL VIOLENCE: AN EMPIRICAL REVIEW
1HAMMANJODA, I. AND 2SHUAIBU, M.
1Department of International Relations and Strategic Studies Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola- Adamawa State, Nigeria. 2Department of Public Administration Adamawa state polytechnic, Yola Adamawa state.
Elections in Nigeria have become the most accepted means of changing a government through electoral processes. But the selection process usually causes friction within the party, and sometime leads to factions within the party or between parties. Loyalist of powerful individuals tends to humiliate, intimidate their political opponents. It has been observed generally that youths are the main protagonists of electoral violence and youths are invariably involved in electoral violence sponsored mostly by the political elites. Based on this, the study assessed the issues of Youths in Electoral Related Violence in Nigeria. Three research objectives were developed to guide the study, and the sample size of 146 questionnaires was administered to the youths in Jimeta metropolis of Adamawa State. Data was collected through a questionnaire entitled “Youth Electoral Violence Questionnaire” (YEVQ) and analysed through mean and standard deviation. The major findings of the study revealed that the most youths that get involved in electoral violence are unemployed and poverty is another factor that encourages youth’s involvement. Also, youths are made to be body guards to corrupt politicians during elections, they carry guns and other dangerous weapons during elections, youths are made to hijack ballot boxes during elections, and youths are made to manipulate figures during elections. The study recommends that Youths should be economically empowered through sincere, participatory and youth oriented skill acquisition and employment generation scheme. And they could be empowered politically through meaningful political socialization and constructive participation in politics.
Keywords: Youth, Violence, Elections, Electoral Violence, Democracy
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF STREET HAWKING ON THE CHILD’S EDUCATION IN DAMATURU
UMARA LAWAN BUKAR DADINGEL; TIJJANI SALEH ABBA; & ISAH MUHAMMAD
*Department of Library, Yobe State College Of Agriculture, Science and Technology, Gujba. **Department of General Studies, Yobe State College Of Agriculture, Science and Technology, Gujba. ***Department of Agricultural Technology, Yobe State College Of Agriculture, Science and Technology, Gujba.
The study investigates the impact Child Hawking has on Education of the children that are engaged in street hawking in Damaturu, Nigeria. Factors which contribute to child hawking and problems associated with child hawking, were examined. Participants consisted of 125 boys and 184 girls Totalling 309 randomly selected from four Hawking Zones of Damaturu, who were given structured questionnaires as well as an interviews, which was conducted in local languages to obtain data for the study. Simple statistical tools; frequency and percentages were used to analyse the data. The major findings of this research reveals that the number of girl- child hawkers are more than the number of boys street hawkers; and that children start hawking as early as five (5) years old and most of them end up not attending any form of school at all. The study therefore recommended that community stakeholders should take decisive step to address the Problems of child hawking so that child education as a whole can start to enjoy the benefits associated with education by future generation.
Keywords: Assessment, Child, street Hawking, Impact, Effects, Education, Damaturu.
UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA IN ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER STUDIES
*TIZHE, JOSEPH; **STEPHEN, IJAPARI; *USMAN, AISHATU TERRANG; & *ZAKARIYA, ESTHER MOSES
*Department of General Studies, Adamawa State College of Agriculture, P. M. B. 2088, Ganye Adamawa State, Nigeria. **Department of Computer Science , Adamawa State College of Agriculture, Ganye. P.M.B 2088 Ganye. Adamawa State, Nigeria.
This research aims to explore the teachers and students opinion to the utilization of instructional media in enhancing teaching and learning of English language and computer studies e.g. videos projector, firms, videos tapes, charts, computers internet and so on, as motivational tools in enhancing students attention in teaching and learning English language and computer studies. The tools used in collecting data for this research work is questionnaire method. The targeted population of this research work is staff and students of government secondary school Sugu and government day secondary school Sangasumi of Ganye local government area Adamawa state Nigeria. The data collected were analyzed through the uses of SPSSsoftware and also data was presented in the percentage distribution. The result shows that teachers and students had been found that they are not effective in utilizing instructional media, because they are not made available to them. Government and other partners should therefore, provide instructional media that will enhance teaching and learning English language in the study area
Keywords: Instructional media, media utilization, teaching and learning.
IMPACT OF WEB‑BASED SOLUTIONS ON STUDENT RELATED SERVICES: CASE STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA
*OJO OLUWASESAN ADEBUSUYI; **KAMBASAYA, SULE GADZAMA; AND ***ADEYEMO RUTH ABAKE
*Department of Computer Science, UIIECEST Bama, P.M.B 16 Bama. Borno State, Nigeria **Department of Building Technology, UIIECEST Bama, P.M.B 16 Bama. Borno State, Nigeria ***Department of Physical and Health Education, UIIECEST Bama, P.M.B 16 Bama. Borno State, Nigeria
In the drive towards delivering world-class services, universities are relying increasingly on web-based solutions such as web-sites for information dissemination and web- based portal solutions for student university interactions to make their operations more cost-effective and timely, and to reach a wider audience. In Nigeria, several universities have adopted web- based solutions in the delivery of student related services and this paper examines the extent of use and the impact using the University of Maiduguri (Unimaid), Nigeria, as a case study. The data collected includes the identification of the various student related announcements /services on the Unimaid website over a 12-month period as well as identifying what students go to the Unimaid website to do and how the various stakeholders perceive the web-based solutions. Of particular interest is the identification of the use, if any, of web-based services such as e-payments and web-to-mobile phone services. From the analyses of data collected, conclusions are reached regarding the impact of the various web-based solutions on key student related services while recommendations are made for enhancement and future research.
Keywords: web-based solutions, portal, information dissemination, student services, service delivery, University of Maiduguri.
THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SECRETARIES COVERING MEETING IN FEDERAL POLYTECHINIC BALI
OGAR, SIMON OTOGO
Department of Office Technology and Management Federal Polytechnic, Bali Taraba State.
This study takes a critical look at the challenges faced by secretaries in covering meeting .it also tried to show the planning arranging executing a proposed meeting it explained the notice of meeting, challenge faced by secretaries before during and after meeting. It also reviewed related literatures; showed methodology used for collection of data analyzed this data and gives a befitting conclusion. The research design for the study was survey research design which includes secretaries of Federal Polytechnic Bali. The secretaries need to know how to plan, arrange and execute a proposed meeting. Many of the secretaries and senior staff of Federal Polytechnic Bali agreed that in other to conduct meeting effectively and efficiently there must be a chairman, secretary to pilot the affairs of the meeting from the beginning to the end,
Keywords: secretary, meeting, secretary/meeting categories, procedures and Agenda.
SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION: THE ROLE OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY IN CITY DEVELOPMENT
OKUNOLA ADAFIN A. OLAIYA; AND BELLO HAUWA KULU
Department of Hospitality Management, School of Applied and Natural Sciences, The Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B 55, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
While large cities have always attracted visitors from outside, the concept of cities regarding the hospitality industry as potential importance and encouraging its growth is a recent phenomenon. The demand for travel to cities has greatly increased over the last few decades. While many travel for business or convention purposes, others are traveling on leisure time to learn about other cultures, to develop their specific interests, and to seek entertainment. Sustainable urbanization means to move on along with human-environment basis, and it includes all economic, social and environmental aspects. Today, the hospitality industry is a growing industry which plays an important role in sustainable urban development. It is a well-known fact that the hospitality industry is a sector that can contribute to the urbanization of a region. This study aims to assess the role of the hospitality industry in city development. This paper is an applied research and the method used in this paper is descriptive-survey. For this purpose, Bida a city and local government in Niger State, northwestern Nigeria was selected. The population consists of citizens, players in the hospitality industry and urban management experts of Bida Town. A total of 300 questionnaires were completed, and the descriptive statistics and t-test were used to analyze the data. The main indicators of sustainable urbanization, including social sustainability, environmental sustainability, architectural (physical) sustainability and economic sustainability were surveyed. The findings suggest that the development of the hospitality industry has the most positive impact on the economic sustainability index, and the lowest impact on environmental sustainability. Results of the surveys on the economic sustainability index showed that the hospitality industry has been effective in terms of city development with increased investment and improved per capita income. In the end, some suggestions for sustainable urban development in studied areas are offered.
Keywords: Hospitality industry, sustainable urban development, city development.
RE-THINKING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA THROUGH EDUCATION REVOLUTION: NIGERIA AS A CASE STUDY. A REVIEW
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State.
This article entitled “Re-Thinking sustainable development in Africa through education revolution, Nigeria as a case study” was based on review of related literature. The study identified economic growth, development of civil society, state building and liberal democratic political institutions, including both the rule of law and electoral democracy as development strategies. The study was able to identify development programmes in Nigeria from 1972-2007 and also education policies in Nigeria. The study reveals that there are major challenges militating against education revolution as a tool for sustainable development. Such factors include; curriculum content, intermittent strike action, quality of students admitted and paucity of funds. The paper therefore recommends that if education revolution would serve as a tool for sustainable development, the government must ensure that there is improvement in funding, curriculum content and quality of students.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Education Revolution, curriculum content, quality of student. Paucity of funds.
MANAGEMENT DECISIONS IN THE AFRICAN CONTINENTAL FREE TRADE AREA
OKEKE RAPHAEL CHUKWUMA; & ORAFU EBERE BENEDETH.
Accountancy Department, Federal Polytechnic Oko
This analysis comes with several caveats. On the one hand, the results may underes- timate the impacts of AfCFTA because they do not capture (1) informal trade flows or new trade flows in sectors and countries that are not trading in the baseline; (2) dynamic gains from trade (such as productivity increases, economies of scale, and learning by doing); and (3) foreign direct investment (FDI)—improving market con- ditions, competitiveness, and business sentiment will likely stimulate FDI in Africa, thereby leading to higher investment and accelerating imports of higher-technology intermediate and capital goods and improved management practices. Therefore, FDI inflows could boost regional income well above the gains predicted in this analysis. On the other hand, the results may overestimate the impacts of AfCFTA because the anal- ysis does≈not capture (1) the costs of lowering nontariff barriers and trade facilitation measures; and (2) the transitional costs associated with trade-related structural change such as employment shifts and potentially stranded assets such as capital. Furthermore, the results are based on a new data set on gender-disaggregated employment and wages, which requires further vetting by country experts. AfCFTA offers big opportunities for development in Africa, but implementation will be a significant challenge. This analysis identifies key priorities for African pol- icy makers. Lowering and eliminating tariffs will be the relatively easy part—even if it comes, in some cases, with the challenge of how to replace tariff revenues. The hard part will be enacting the nontariff and trade facilitation measures, which is where the analysis predicts the largest potential economic gains. Such measures will require sub- stantial policy reforms at the national level, indicating a long road ahead. Achieving AfCFTA’s full potential depends on agreeing to ambitious liberalization and imple- menting it in full. Partial reforms would lead to smaller effects.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CUSTOMER PERCEIVED VALUE AND CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION IN DEPOSIT MONEY BANK IN TARABA STATE
BELLO KASIM SANUSI
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.
In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in the value construct among both marketing researchers and practitioners and many researchers have studied how value interacts with related marketing constructs. This research is an investigation into the relationship between customer perceived value and customer satisfaction in Nigerian deposit money banks. The study used survey design using 400 customers as sample size. After studying theoretical and experimental fundamentals of the customer value and satisfaction through the in-depth administration on the basis of service marketing mix (7ps: Product, Price, Place, Promotion, Process, Personnel, and Physical evidence). The collected questionnaires were analyzed using inferential statistics. Finally, the factors affecting customer perceived value and satisfaction were recognized and prioritized from the viewpoint of the different customers. The results indicated that there is a statistical significant and positive correlation between each of the service marketing mix and customer perceived value and satisfaction.
Keywords: Customer Perceived Value, Customer Satisfaction, Banks in Taraba State
ESTIMATING BETAS AND THE SECURITY MARKET LINE: CAPITAL ASSET PRICING MODEL (CAPM) TEST ISSUES
*ABDULSALAM AHMED; & **MOHAMMED YAHAYA MURTALA
*Department of Accountancy, School of Administrative & Business Studies, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola **Department of Marketing, Purchasing and Supply, School of Administrative & Business Studies, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
This research work focuses on empirical testing of Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) on 30 stocks of the Nigeria Stock Exchange (NSE), using the All Share Index as proxy for the market index and the government Treasury bills rate as the risk-free interest rate. The first and second pass regression methodology was applied on monthly data for a period of 5 years from January, 2014 to December, 2018. The study revealed that the slope (beta) of Security Market Line (SML) does not correspond to the market excess return and so the intercept (alpha) is not equal to the risk-free rate over the period. The t-statistics for the intercept is statistically different from zero. Therefore, we conclude that the results did not support the CAPM standard theory in the selected study period,
Keywords: Alpha, Beta, Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), Security Market Line (SML)
IMPORTANT OF MENTORSHIP ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT STUDENTS IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BALI
HAKURI ANDREW. WAZIRI
Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic Bali. Taraba State, Nigeria
In this paper, The Important of Mentorship on Academic Achievement of Office Technology and Management Students in Federal Polytechnic Bali was examined, 20 students has been qualitatively surveyed using structured questionnaire. From paper findings, it was observed that mentoring is the most preferable system of teaching Office Technology and Management Students, mentoring ability of tutors provide Office Technology and Management Students better understanding. Conclusively This Paper shows importance of mentoring students for better performance, the research gives an eye opening that mentoring skill or application of mentoring system is what gives Technology backbone, therefore mentoring skills or system is the bedrock to Technology impartation.
Keywords: Mentorship, Students, Achievement, Skills, Protégé/ Protégée.