TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARY SCIENCE (TIJERLS)
VOL. 5 (8) MAY, 2021 EDITIONS. ISSN: 1942-6754
TIMBOU-AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
AVAILABILITY OF DRUGS ON USE AND ABUSE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN STATES AND FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NORTHERN STATES OF NIGERIA
1ALIYU, M., 2LEKUNZE, M.J., 2WIRBA, I., AND 2DONGS, I.S.
1Department of Human kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 2International University Bamenda, Cameroon.
Drug use and abuse in Nigeria in the contemporary time had become an issue that casts a gloomy shadow to the entire society especially among university undergraduates. The study investigated influence of availability of drugs on use and abuse among Undergraduates in states and federal universities in Northern State of Nigeria. The study was guided by an objective and hypothesis. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. 420 students were selected through a stratified random sampling technique from three federal universities and three state universities and subsequently used as respondents. A structured questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Cronbach’s Alpha was used to determine the reliability coefficient and reliability of 0.96 was obtained. Data collected were analyzed with frequencies, table to answer the research question while the null hypothesis was tested with inferential statistics of chi-square (X2) at 0.05 alpha level of significance. In conclusion, the findings revealed that the incidence of drug use and abuse among Nigerian undergraduate was real and persuasive. Furthermore, availability influenced the used and abuse of drug among the students. Based on the findings from the study, it was recommended that students should minimized the rate at which they use drugs without prescription from medical personnel, and finally the university authority should continue to update students on knowledge about effect of drug use and abuse by introducing drug education in the curricular and improve the already existing once in other to reduce drug use and abuse by Undergraduates from both Federal and State Universities in Northern State of Nigeria.
Keywords: Availability, Drugs, Undergraduates and Nigeria
INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL PLANT ON TEACHERS’ PRODUCTIVITY AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
*AWWAL IBRAHIM; & **MUNIR MUSTAPHA
Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
This study titled “Influence of School Plant on Teachers’ Productivity and Students’ Academic Performance in Public Senior Secondary Schools in Niger State, Nigeria. Two research questions were raised which were what is the influence of school plant on teachers’ productivity and what influence does school plant have students’ academic performance in public senior secondary schools in Niger State? Survey design was used. The population was 2875 with 362 sample size. Multistage sampling technique was used. Twenty-four structured-items questionnaire was used to collect data. Context validity of the instrument was ascertained. Reliability of the instrument was ascertained through a test re-test method and the results were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC), the result r value was 0.83 which implies the instrument was reliable. Mean was used for data analysis. The findings indicated that adequate provision and effective utilization of school plant enhance teachers’ productivity and students’ academic performance in the secondary school. Also, facilities such laboratories, classrooms, sport equipment, utilities and the likes were not adequately provided. It was recommended that school management should provide adequate offices, recreational centres, convenience, sport equipment and other aspect of school plant should be provided to enhance teachers’ productivity in the school. Also, management of secondary schools school collaborate with the community through officials of School-Based Management Committee (SBMC) to provide adequate classrooms, utilities, laboratories and other aspect of school plant to enhance quality teaching towards maximizing students’ academic performance in Niger State.
KeyWords: School Plant, Teachers’ Productivity and Students’ Academic Performance
THE META-ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LECTURING AND EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY USE IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES
DR ADU EMMANUEL IFEDAYO; & DR OMODARA OLADELE DENNIS
Department of Educational Technology. Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere (BOUESTI), Nigeria.
This study investigated issues pertinent towards understanding the impact of COVID-19 on lecturing and educational technology use in Nigeria universities. The meta-analysis methodology was introduced in this research for systematic selection of literature using inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data involved in this study was secondary data, which involved critical literature evidence. Also, the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was utilised in coding the literature criteria for quantitative and descriptive statistical analysis of data. This study findings revealed that there exist limited research addressing the impact of COVID-19 on lecturing and educational technology use. Based on these findings relevant conclusion and recommendations were made.
Keywords: Educational technology, Lecturing, COVID-19, Nigeria, Universities.
IMPACT OF SOCIAL NETWORKING ON NIGERIAN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN THE FACE OF COVID-19 (A CASE STUDY OF NILE UNIVERSITY, ABUJA, NIGERIA): IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
*REV. FR. DR. SAMAILA BAHAGO BENEDICT; **NDUJI, ROMANUS; ***FADIPE B. MICHAEL; & ****ORIAKU CHRIS
*Department of Educational Foundation (guidance and counselling), Veritas University, Abuja. **Department of Business Administration, Veritas University, Abuja. ***Department of Science Education, Veritas University, Abuja. ****Department of Business Administration, Veritas University, Abuja.
The COVID-19 crisis has forced school closures across the globe, heavily disrupting the learning process of more than 1.7 billion children, youth, and their families. During this time, distance-learning solutions through social networking were implemented to ensure education continuity. The objective of this study was to ascertain the impact of such social networking on Nigerian Private Universities in the face of COVID-19 and to suggest ways out through counselling with particular reference to a private university in Nigeria. The study employed the survey research method with a target population of 1108 teaching and non-teaching staff of the Private University. The sample size for the study was 508 using Saunders et al (2009) three process formula technique while the questionnaire was used to collect the data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was adopted to test the hypotheses. According to the findings, the following social networking services: e-learning, network services and signal boosters have a significant impact on performance of Nile University especially in this period of COVID-19. The counselling implication of the study to the students were outlined to help reduce the impact of COVID-19 stressors on the students. The researchers recommend that government should immediately embark on the integration of all higher institutions into online education in order to equip the students with online learning skills. Also, it is recommended that professional counsellors and functional counselling clinics be put in place in all universities in Nigeria for all needed counselling by students who may be traumatize of the covid-19.
Keywords: Covid-19, Nigerian Private Universities, E-learning, Network service and Guidance Counselling.
TOWARDS ‘NEW NORMAL’ ARTS AND HUMANITIES’ TEACHING-LEARNING FOR QUALITY EDUCATION: MEDIA-MEDIATED INSTRUCTION OPTION
*YINKA OLURANTI ADEDIRAN Ph.D; & **ABIODUN A. OLADITI Ph.D
*Department of Sociological Studies, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria **Department of Social Studies, School of Secondary Education, Arts and Social Science Programmes, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria
The wave of changes pervading the global community presently has called for proactive measures in virtually all aspects of human endeavours to meet the exigencies of changes and challenges coded ‘new normal’. It therefore follows that education and instructional delivery must be global best practice compliant for such to be relevant in the comity of nations education, most especially, production of learners that are national and global that can compete favourably with their counterparts across the globe. Doing this successfully behooves on the stakeholders in education to meet up with the exigencies. Since teachers are the drivers of the nation’s education programmes through doing justice to the content of the nations’ curriculum in attaining her philosophy and national objectives, they cannot afford to be enmeshed in the traditional face-to- face (F2F) physical classroom setting alone but be guru in the use of opportunities that the prevailing knowledge exposure and rapid development in Information Communication Technology (ICT) offers, hence being able to cope with the challenges of the ‘new normal’ in the teaching of Arts and Humanities encapsulated in the media-mediated instruction that allows for the use of advances in various communication technologies in achieving educational goals which is the raison detre of this study premiering among others, effective teaching learning delivery and quality education nexus; concept of Arts and Humanities and its significance; challenges and way forward to the teaching and learning of Arts and Humanities; import of media-mediated instruction in Arts and Humanities instructional delivery; concluding remarks.
Keywords: Arts and Humanities; Media-mediated instruction; Quality education; Teaching-learning
EFFECTS OF USING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ARABIC STUDIES IN SELECTED JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBARAPA ZONE
SURAKAT, RAFIU OLANIYI
Department of Arabic Studies, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate.
This paper examines the essence of the instructional materials in the effective teaching and learning of Arabic Studies at the junior secondary level in Ibarapa zone of Oyo state. Five research questions were provided and answered. The research adopted questionnaire approach, using random sampling method as an instrument for selecting five Junior Secondary Schools and twenty students each of the selected schools. Data gathered were analysed using simple percentage and tables. The findings indicated that most Arabic Studies’ teachers in the zone were reluctant to implement the use of the instructional materials during the teaching and learning of Arabic Studies. Students were not all exposed to the use of instructional aids which led to the ineffective learning as well as their passive contribution in the classrooms during the lesson. It is recommended that the stakeholders in educational sector should rise up and take steps that could facilitate better teaching and learning of Arabic Studies. Governments at all levels should provide enough funds for procurement of materials needed in the schools. The schools inspectors should be mandated to carry out constant inspections to ensure that relevant materials were used in teaching. Teachers of Arabic Studies should shun their non-challant attitudes towards their chosen career and put their best to educational development, because, the subject is most dreaded one due to its nature.
Keywords: Arabic Studies, Instructional Materials, Learning, Teaching, Junior Secondary Schools.
PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND PARENTS TOWARDS POST COVID – 19 PANDEMIC DUAL MODES SCHOOLING IN OYO STATE
*DEBORAH ADEPEJU OYEGOKE (Ph.D); **FOLUSO AGNES AROWOJOLU; & *UBANI-ROBERTS, FLORENCE OLUCHI (Ph. D)
*Primary Education Studies Department, School of ECPA Education, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo. **International Centre for Educational Evaluation, Institute of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
The study was set out to investigate the perception and attitude of students, teachers and parents towards the post COVID 19 pandemic dual modes of schooling adopted by Oyo State Government for both primary and secondary schools. The study answered a research question and tested three hypotheses. The study adopted mixed method design. The target Population consists of all SSS students, their teachers and parents in Oyo State. Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to 40 JSS students, 40 SSS students, 40 parents of JSS students, 40 parents of SSS students, 40 teachers of JSS students and 40 teacher of SSS Students from eight schools in Oyo state. The sample size was 240. Two instruments (Perception Interview Schedule and Attitude Scale) were used to collect data for this study. Perception Interview Schedule was used to collect qualitative information while Attitude Scale was used to collect quantitative information The content validity indices of the instruments were established Lawshe Content Validity Ratio formula they yielded Content Validity Indices of 0.85 and 0.8 for both instrument respectively The reliability coefficients of the instruments using Scott-Pi and Cronbach Alpha were 0.90 and 0.85 respectively. Thematic analysis and t-test were used as methods of data analysis. The study showed that students, teachers and parents had good and positive perception towards the dual modes schools. Also, the study showed no significant difference in the attitude of male and female students towards the dual modes among others. It is concluded in the study that dual modes schooling is an effective means of teaching students in the post COVID pandemic era. The study recommends that dual modes schooling system should be adopted by states within Nigeria that are yet to resume academic session.
Keywords: Perception, Attitude, Dual modes, post COVID pandemic, Students, Teachers, Parents
CURRICULUM AND IMPLEMENTATION PRACTICES AMONG PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRACTITIONERS: CURRICULA AND EXTRA-CURRICULAR ISSUES IN NIGERIA
DR TOJU EYENGHO, DR. ODUTUYI, M. O & PETER, A.J.
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of General Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria.
The study examined curriculum and implementation practices among public and private primary school practitioners in Nigeria. These were with a view to providing information on the status of curricula and co-curricular issues in public and private primary schools in Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research design. The population consisted of public and private primary school pupils, head-teachers, teachers and supervising officers in the ministries of education from three states (Ondo, Oyo and Lagos) in Southwestern Nigeria. The sample which comprised 864 primary school pupils, 18 head-teachers, 180 teachers, and three supervising officials in ministries of education was selected using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using six instruments, namely: Curricula and Extra-curricular Activities Adequacy Checklist (CEAAC); Curricula and Extra-curricular Activities Integration Checklist (CEAIC); Curricula and Extra-curricular Activities Interest and Involvement Questionnaire (CEAIIQ); Curricula and Extra-curricular Activities Implementation Questionnaire (CEAIQ) and Factors Affecting Implementation of Curricula and Extra-curricular Activities Questionnaire (FAICEQ). Data for this study were analysed using simple frequency, percentage, Relative Significance Index (RSI), Analysis of Variance. The results showed that selected curricula activities were fairly adequate in public primary (63%) and private (57%) schools while selected extra-curricular activities were not adequate in public primary (22.1%) and private (22.1%) schools. Results showed that teachers’ workload (86.1%), lack of motivation (68.5%), inadequate teachers’ workbooks (63.9%), lack of funds (61.1%), policies (75.0%), ignorance (81.5%), parents’ stance (65.7%), teachers’ lack of interest (74.1%), and lack of adequate facilities and equipment (90.7%) were factors affecting the implementation of curricula and extra-curricular activities in public and private primary schools in the region. The study concluded that co-curricular activities were neither properly integrated into the school programme nor implemented in Southwestern Nigeria.
Keywords: curriculum, extra-curricular, implementation, practices, practitioners
LE PORTRAIT DU PRESIDENTDANSL’OEUVRE DE MONGO BETI
TAIYOL TYAVNUM TITUS
La problématique des déliquescences systématique de l’image de la classe dirigeante des Etats africains francophones de la postcoloniale et plus précisément celle du chef de l’Etat en personne est de plus en plus une grande préoccupation de la littérature africaine francophone qui la pose avec une nouvelle forme de liberté de ton et d’écriture. Si d’habitude, du point de vue de la société mise en texte le Président de la République revêt les attributs d’un Dieu incarné, attributs forgés par l’appareil idéologique qui travaille son image à savoir : les orateurs attitrés, les intellectuels organiques, les écrivains, la presse gouvernementale et internationale, nous découvrons toutefois chez les auteurs africains francophones une écriture réaliste, teintée d’humour, d’ironie et de satire, qui déconstruit systématiquement cette pseudo-image divine et qui la projette sous des formes extrêmement dégradées. Mongo Béti fait partie de. Ces écrivains qui font du Président d’une République dite bananière, un véritable matériau littéraire qui structure ses trois derniers romans : L’Histoire du fou(1994), Trop de soleil tue l’amour(1999) et Branle-bas en noir et blanc(2000).
Mots clés: Président -Chef de l’Etat -Dictateur- Despote -Tyran-République bananière.
The issue of the systematic destruction of image of the ruling class in postcolonial francophone African States and particularly that of the head of State is more preoccupying in freedom of tone and writing. If the societal writings consider the president of the Republic as a god , consideration brought in the ideology in place ,which works out his image :good orators, intellectuals ,writers ,the governmental and international Media ,we however discover realistic pieces of writings with francophone African Writers, made up with humour ,irony and satire which systematically deconstruct the pseudo-godly image thus excessively degrading . Mongo Beti is one of the writers who makes the president of the Republic considered as a «République bananière», a genuine literary tool structuring his last three novels : L’histoire du fou (1994), Trop de soleil tue l’amour (19991),and Branle bas en noir et blanc (2000)
Keywords: President -Head of State -Tyran -Dictator – Despote « République bananière ».
COVID-19 LOCKDOWN REGULATIONS AND OPEN DISTANCE LEARNING AMONG PRE-SERVICE TEACHER IN NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, EKITI STATE
*DR. OJO RAPHAEL ASUBIOJO; **AWOLUMATE, E.O
*Curriculum Studies & Instruction Department, Educational Technology Unit, School of Education, College of Education, Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. **Department of Technical and Vocational Education, University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State.
This study investigated COVID-19 lock down regulation and open distance learning among pre-service teachers of National Open University, Ado-Ekiti. The study adopted a descriptive research design of the survey type and was guided by four research questions and one research hypothesis. The population consisted of all the pre-service teachers in the faculty of Education. The sample consist 120 pre-service teachers which were purposely selected from four departments of the faculty of education. Data for the study was collected using a structured questionnaire. The instrument titled Pre-service Teachers Computers Literacy Level Assessment Questionnaire (PTCLAQ r= 0.75) was developed by the researcher. The instrument was validated by a test and measurement experts. The collected data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and statistical mean while t-test was used to analyze the hypothesis. The findings of the study revealed that some of the facilities were not available at the study centre, however the pre-service teachers shows a little competency in handling some of the ICT facilities, notwithstanding irregular supply of power and lack of ICT professional training hindered the students from possessing the required ICT competence. The result of the study equally shows that there is a significant difference between the computer literacy level and ICT utilization among the pre-service teachers.
Keywords: COVID-19, Open Distance Learning,, pre-service teachers and Teacher education.
EFFECTS OF COVID-19 LOCKDOWN ON NIGERIA’S EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
DAHIRU BASHIR; & SHU’AIBU UMAR SALEH
Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, School of Education, A.D Rufa’I College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The Corona Virus Disease otherwise referred to as COVID_19 was a new discovery among numerous diseases affecting and endangering the existence of man. A highly contagious and deadly, discovered ay the Wuhan, China seafood market which has claimed the lives of many globally, as well crippled the world socio=economically. This paper seek to unearth the effects of the dreaded disease which is still without a cure, on the country’s educational system. A position paper, in which Bandura’s model of Reciprocal Dynamism of the social learning theory was adopted. The literatures reviewed revealed the origin of Covid_19, its adverse effect on the socio-economic life of people .Effects of the disease on Nigeria’s educational system was the main thrust of this paper therefore school dropout, changing mode of research and presentations were unearthed as some of the effects of the virus on education. It was suggested that government ensure the provision of e-learning infrastructures for effective switch to digital learning in the country.
Keywords: Covid_19; Lockdown; Effects; Socio-Economic; Education
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON CURRICULUM PLANNING AND ACADEMIC WELLBEING OF STUDENTS; A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE.
*MR. ICHAZU KINGSLEY; & **MR. UGBOME GEORGE
*Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, College of Education Agbor, Delta State. **School of Early Childhood and Primary Education, College of Education Agbor, Delta State
A survey research design was adopted for this study. This research work was carried out in Delta State, South-South Region of Nigeria. There are a total number of 384 participants comprising of 115 students, 106 parents, 77 lecturers, 58 teachers and 28 school administrators. Because of the closure of schools, the respondents were sample using structured Google forms which were administered via social media using the Google form link. The structured questionnaire, titled the Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Curriculum Planning and Academic Wellbeing of Students Questionnaire’ (ECPCPAWSQ) was used for obtaining information for the study. The reliability of the instrument was determined through the test re-test method. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. Findings revealed that the continued closure of schools has left basic education in the country in a dire situation complicating the already ill equipped, confusing and unhelpful learning environment, and disintegration of unstable Nigerian academic calendar. Based on the result, the immediate and long-term impacts of the continued closure of Nigerian schools were predicted to be loss of businesses and sources of income for traders and business men and women; massive drop out of school children and low enrolment in the post-COVID-19 era; most significantly, disengaging students from the formal learning process may have potential cost of reversing gains in learning results.
Keywords: Impact, COVID-19, Curriculum Planning, Academic Calendar, Students’ academic wellbeing.
THE ROLE OF MUSIC AS REFLECTED IN THE MAINFRAME SELECTED FILMS
MOBOLAJI W. A. (Ph.D) & MUSTAPHA, M. O.
Department of Yoruba, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The paper explore the role of songs in three of selected mainframe films which are Agogoeewo, o le ku and campus queen. The films were carefully considered, in order to achieve the aims and objectives of the paper. The theory of sociology and Marxist are adopted for the work in order to have a broad analysis of the work. The history of mainframe was analysed too. It also observed that songs serve as the heartbeat of films; the absence of songs or sounds in films is like preparing a delicious meal without adding salt. In essence, the usefulness of songs goes beyond entertainment, education but it also exposes the culture and value system of the society.
Keywords: Role, Music, Reflected, Mainframe, Selected Films.
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH FOR INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND NEW DISCOVERIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI PhD
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Ibadan-Nigeria
Societies all over the world depends on their indigenous knowledge to solve their day-to-day socio-economic problems, address various environmental challenges, and adapt to change. In spite of the colonial administration and its associate viewing indigenous knowledge as being non-scientific, illogical and anti-development, the African indigenous communities have always found value in their own local forms of knowledge. The status and importance of such indigenous knowledge changed in the wake of the landmark 1997 Global Knowledge Conference (GKC) in Toronto. The conference emphasized the urgency of learning, preservation and exchange of indigenous knowledge. Such emphasis was expected to guarantee maximum exploitation of ind igneous knowledge for the common good of Africans. It therefore become necessary to discuss how African indigenous knowledge can be an important tool for enhancing teaching-learning process among the Africans in order to address any identified problem and to promote socio-economic development in Africa. African indigenous knowledge identifies the needs of its people and tailors its traditional and informal system of education to foster development. The imposition of the modern or western education on Africa brought with it both “positive” and “negative” implications. The primary objective of this paper is to direct attention to the continuing disconnect between Africa’s indigenous knowledge systems and those imported and superimposed on the region through the education curricula.
Keywords: Indigenous, Education, National, Development, Africa.
THE IMPACT OF GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN OUR SOCIETY GENDER INFLUENCE ON GIRL CHILD EDUCATION
L’IMPACT DE L’ÉDUCATION DES FILLES ET DES ENFANTS DANS NOTRE SOCIÉTÉ : LE CAS DU NIGERIA
BABATUDE OLAWUMI AYODELE
French Department, School of Languages, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
La situation des femmes dans le monde aujourd´hui n´est pas toujours enviable. Leur participation à la vie politique, leur accès à l´éducation de base, à la formation, à la santé et aux postes de responsabilité ainsi qu´à l´exercice de leurs droits sont freinés par des considérations socioculturelles, religieuses, politiques et économiques présents dans beaucoup de pays dans le monde. Aujourd’hui, l’éducation de l‘enfant mais surtout celle de la jeune fille est devenue une des préoccupations essentielles. La famille est une instance clé de la socialisation primaire de tout individu. Cette socialisation primaire débute dans l’enfance et se poursuit à l’adolescence. Ce travail examine l’impact de l’éducation des jeunes filles sur le plan politique, socioculturel et économique pour sortir les filles du cercle de la pauvreté et les conduire vers une meilleure qualité de vie individuelle et collective ainsi leur permettre de contribuer au développement du pays.
Keywords: L’éducatiom, La marginilasation, L’influence, La fille et La société