MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION MANAGT. VOL.10 (4) (MIJECM) DECEMBER, 2019


MEDITERRANEAN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

VOL. 10 NO.4 (MIJECM) DECEMBER, 2019


Published by: MEDITERRANEAN PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,

Bayero University, Kano,

PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.

E-MAIL: mediterraneanresearchpub@gmail.com PHONE: +234-708-717-324



 

CRITICAL EXAMINE HOSPITAL WASTES MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN SOME PARTS OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

ABUBAKAR A.1, EMIGILATI M. A.1, YAHYA I. T.1. AND MUHAMMED M. N.2

1Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 46, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria 2Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 46, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The operations of hospital healthcare facilities generate large amount of wastes; a common characteristic of hospital institutions. However, improper handling of hospital wastes constitutes potential risks to the environment and public health. Unfortunately, medical waste management is not yet carried out with a satisfactory level of safety in many   parts of the globe, especially in the developing countries. This study was conducted in some parts of Niger State, Nigeria. Seven public and three private hospitals were selected. The study was carried out with the aim of examine medical waste management practices among selected hospitals. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out between November, 2018 and April, 2019. Questionnaire, and field participant observations were used for data collection. Majority of the staff of the hospitals were nurses/midwife (49.7%), paramedical with (33.8%), medical doctors (9.7%) and (6.8%) were waste handlers. Results shows that about 72.7% of respondents say only syringes and needles wastes were segregated, 98.1% say there is not waste management manual and plan exist in the hospitals, and 98.6 had no specific training on medical wastes management. Wheel barrow was the commonest method of transporting wastes and open surface burning was the common final method of medical wastes treatment and disposal by the hospitals. This study showed that the current practices of management of hospital healthcare wastes employed were not safe. There is urgent need for safer means of waste disposal among the medical facilities visited. It was, therefore, recommended among others that medical waste management plan, funds should be made available to the hospitals. This is to ensure the acquisition of all facilities needed in medical waste management and disposal. There should be training and re-training of health staff on current medical waste management to meet global best practices.

KEYWORDS: Medical waste management, Potential risk, public health, infectious and environmental pollution.

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IMPACT OF ECONOMIC RECESSION ON THE GROWTH OF CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA 

 

EVANGELINE ONUIGBO AND ABDULLATEEF SHITTU

Department of Quantity Surveying, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Economic recession has badly affected the construction industry so much that there is hardly any new projects coming on stream. This has resulted into redundancy in Nigeria’s construction industry while many construction firms have practically laid off their staff. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of economic recession on growth of construction firms in the Nigerian construction industry in Abuja, Nigeria. To achieve the aim, the study set out to: identify and assess the causes of economic recession; examine the effects of economic recession; and examine measures for preventing the reoccurrence of economic recession in the Nigerian construction industry. Questionnaire was used to collect data from 22 construction firms registered with Federation of Construction Industry (FOCI). Data were analysed using Relative Importance Index (RII). Findings from analysis revealed that the most important causes of economic recession are “Over dependent on oil’ and “Wars” (RII = 0.88 and 0.85 respectively) out of the 28 causes identified. It was also shown that “Job Loss” is the most important effect of economic recession with RII of 0.89. 7 out of the 8 measures identified for preventing reoccurrence of economic recession, ranging from “Expansionary monetary policy – cutting interest rates” to “Higher Inflation Target” with RII ranging from 0.77 – 0.68 are very effective. It was therefore concluded that economic recession has a significant impact of on the growth of construction firms in Abuja. It was thus recommended that Government and construction firms should work out an implementable framework for the adoption of the measures for preventing the reoccurrence of economic recession in the Nigerian construction industry.

KEYWORDS: Construction, Firms, Impact, Recession, Measures. 

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PLANNING FOR HARZARD ABATEMENT MEASURES IN AHMADU BELLO STADIUM KADUNA, NIGERIA

 

KALAT JACOB OMEGA1 HARUNA BABA BWALA2

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Global incidences of vulnerability of sport venues to hazards and threats is becoming worrisome and a source of concern to researchers and other stakeholder’s. This study sought to plan abatement measure for Ahmadu Bello Stadium, Kaduna, Nigeria, by identifying the possible hazards and threats with a view to preventing it. The Method used for the study was explorative design of Literature and questionnaire survey. The review include; reported cases of stadium hazards, concept of hazard abatements and strategies for curbing stadium hazards. These information were used to develop a structural questionnaire.  Subsequently employs disproportionately sampling technique to survey 200 respondents. The respondents comprises of:  residents that are neighbouring the stadium, stadium officials and, stadium users. The survey attains 96% response rate. Additionally, the study develops a checklist to elicit information through personal observations.  Data collated were analysed using excel to conduct descriptive statistics that includes frequencies and percentages. The result in accordance with the FIFA stadium safety and security regulation, revealed that Ahmadu Bello Stadium Kaduna, Nigeria, is susceptible to all kind of hazards and threat especially with the uncertainty of terrorist actions because of their fanaticism and willingness to die for their cause and fan behaviour. Therefore the study recommend safe growth audit strategy to decide in advance the way to deal with the situations, which may likely happen if not now certainly in near future.

KEYWORDS: Hazard abatement, Measures of hazard abatement, planning for hazard

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HOLLOGRAM AND BIM APPLICATIONS FOR POSITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

 

1ODETOYE SUNDAY ADEOLA 2IBRAHIM IDRIS 3SHUAIBU NURU MAMMAN 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED

1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomosho, Oyo tate 2&3Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

 

Abstract

Uncommon development in the context of architecture could best be described by the recent trend in the design of buildings, which is to design and construct buildings that are sustainable to their host environment. A major breakthrough in the design of green/sustainable buildings is the use of hologram and Building Information Modelling BIM  to not only visualise the proposed design in 3D but to also layer the design with additional project information, where there are 4th and 5th dimensions of time and cost. In addition to all these, an emerging schema in BIM is Building energy simulation, which is the use of software to predict the energy use of a building. The hologram and Building Information Modelling Software has positively impacted on the quality of designs produced by building industry professionals internationally. This paper therefore seeks to review current trends in the use of hologram and BIM with a view to educating built environment professionals in the Nigerian environmental disciplines and practices.

KEYWORDS: Building, Environment, Sustainability, Hollogram, Professionals

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ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS HINDERING VALUE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN ABUJA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

 

BASHIR O. GANIYU; DANJUMA JACOB

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Value Management (VM) has played a broad role in supporting effective decision making to construction projects, increased project performance and quality, balance project objectives, and manage community expectations in many countries around the world. But applicability of VM in Nigeria especially in Abuja construction industry has experienced a set back as compared with rest of the world. It is on this basis that the study examined the factors responsible for the set back with a view to recommending sustainable solutions. Therefore, the study sampled 235 professionals across the construction firms in Abuja through simple random sampling technique. The study employed descriptive (mean) and inferential (factor analysis) methods of data analysis. The  result revealed that through factor analysis technique, six most highly emphasized factors were identified which constituted about 65.690% variance in the original factors hindering value management application, which include technical and public policy factors,  professional negligence, non- complacency and management defects, human factor and inflexibility, lack of manpower and project focus, and poor knowledge. The study recommends that project managers should be proactive in addressing the aforementioned factors as they posed critical set back to value management implementation among Nigerian construction companies.

KEYWORDS: Value management, project, construction industry.

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ASSESSMENT OF ETHICAL ISSUES IN PROPERTY MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN ABUJA NIGERIA

 

ETETE EMEKA EMMANUEL & DR. R. A. OGUNBAJO

Department of Estate Management, Federal university of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This study assesses the ethical issues in property management practice in Abuja Nigeria. The study focused on the operations of estate surveyors and valuers with a view to identifying strengths and weaknesses of the profession, in addition to ascertaining users’ satisfaction of services. The growth in the real estate industry and rising demand from subscribers have consequently given rise to a huge demand for professionalism and qualitative services from real estate practitioners. The real estate profession in Nigeria still faces challenges of unprofessionalism despite the structure put in place to check against unethical conducts bedeviling the practice. The study was conducted across seven locations in Abuja Municipal Area Council, precisely two districts in phase 3 which comprise Gwarinpa and Wuye and five districts in phase 2 which includes Gudu, Apo, Lokogoma, Durumi and Life camp, FCT Abuja. Using stratified sampling and systematic random sampling technique, one hundred and three (103) questionnaires were distributed to Estate Surveyors and Valuers and Three hundred and forty two questionnaires were distributed to landlords and tenants. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics. Data were obtained from primary and secondary sources. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyse the data. Weighted mean, frequencies and percentages, relative satisfactory index and mean factor analysis were employed to analyse the data. A total of 103 Estate Surveyors and Valuers and 342 tenants and landlords were sampled. The study found that the adherence to the code of ethics by property managers in Abuja is very high; the satisfaction of users with property management services is significant; factors that can necessitate unethical behaviours among property managers are high and most practitioners in Abuja Nigeria undertake a majority of the components of property management practice. The study recommended that property managers should continue to exercise professionalism in order to maintain the image of the profession and build public confidence in the profession.  A mechanism for the assessment of clients’ satisfaction by the body of Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers should be introduced to monitor services rendered by property managers.

KEYWORDS: Property Management, Ethics, Property Manager, Landlords and Tenants, Abuja.

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AWAKENING FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ARCHITECTURAL CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES: IDENTIFYING USE PATTERN OF FEMALE STUDENTS TO AID CAMPUS MOSQUE DESIGN

 

BABANGIDA & A. A. ALIYU

Department of Architecture Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

Abstract

To aid the professional architects in addressing among the numerous 21st architectural challenges and opportunities in the design of mosque as a worship place, especially within the university campus settings, this paper measured the spatial use pattern of gendered spaces among female students of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria- Nigeria. Specifically, the paper focused on how the female students use the spaces for spiritual, educational and social purposes with the overall aim of addressing the design requirements of both single and married female students who come to school with children as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students. The methodology adopted was essentially a case study approach supported with a qualitative in-depth interview. A physical survey of the spaces used by the female students in the four cases studied was also undertaken using a questionnaire to elicit information on respondent’s demographic characteristics and their level, frequency and extent of use of the gendered spaces. Findings from the demographic analysis indicate that majority of respondents were single, undergraduate students aged between 21-25 years. Findings on the level of use indicated that the greater percentage of respondents (78.1%) across the four mosques used the gendered spaces for prayers (Khamsu Salawat) under the spiritual purposes/uses while the least percentage (0.72%) used the gendered spaces for ‘’learning the Arabic language (speaking and writing). The findings on the extent of use of gendered spaces (HIsp) indicated a uniformity across all four mosques (Education M=0.56, Physical Sciences M=0.58, Medicine M=0.58 and Vet. Medicine M=0.61) for prayers as the key spatial use pattern followed by academic work and assignments and relaxation with mean values of M=0.32 and M=0.39 respectively. By of conclusion therefore, the findings suggest that the closer the worshipper is to her faculties mosque, the more likely the worshipper will use the gendered spaces for all three types of use patterns i.e. spiritual, educational and social. Similarly, the further away the mosque is from worshipper from her department or faculty the more likely she will use the mosque for observance of prayer only. In a similar way, the nature and academic demand of worshippers course of study influences social activities in gendered spaces. The level of exposure of the mosque to public views also affect spatial use pattern such that the more privacy is provided to the female worshippers, the more likely that they use the gendered spaces for socialization among themselves. The design implications of these findings include need to provide adequate spaces either within or a screened space outside the mosque as a way of accommodating more worshippers, provision of partition walls between male and female worshippers and use of shrubs, to provide privacy around the gendered spaces.  

KEYWORDS: Ahmadu Bello University, Academic Core Area, Campus Mosque, Gendered Spaces,

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ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES) GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT AMONG SELECTED SMES IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA.

 

SHIAKA T.M. & AINA M.

Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State.

 

Abstract

The study examined the assessment of the problems and prospects of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) growth and development among selected SMEs in Oyo State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to assess the problems and prospects of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Relevant conceptual framework and empirical literature were reviewed. The study’s research design adopted was descriptive research design. Data were analyzed using the latest form of the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 20. Descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages) were performed on the respondents’ demographic information. T-test analysis was used to determine the influence of the tested variables on the growth and development of SMEs.In the study it was found that the challenges of SMEs significantly affect the growth and development of SMEs. However, the prospects of SMEs in Nigeria do significantly affect its growth and development. The study concluded that SMEs owners are of the opinion that they are faced with several challenges and problems. Their view portrays that government should do mare to encourage SMEs in Nigeria towards reaching their potentials through growth and development. To ensure quality performance from SMEs, the prospects of SMEs must be guaranteed.The study therefore recommended that government leaders should do everything necessary to improve SMEs for economic development.

KEYWORDS: SMEs, Problems, Government, Prospects, Oyo State, Nigeria.

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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HOUSING DELIVERY     STRATEGIES IN ILORIN, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

 

OLABISI SULAIMAN ADESOJI AND SULE ABASS IYANDA (Phd)

Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Nigeria is possibly the fastest urbanizing country and one of the most important constraints it has are effective housing delivery strategies. As more and more Nigerians make towns and cities their homes, the resulting social, economic, environmental and political challenges need to be urgently addressed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of housing delivery strategies at Mandate 3 and Irewolede Housing Estates, Ilorin with a view to improve effective housing delivery on a sustainable basis. This is achieved through the use of descriptive statistical tools and relative importance index (RII) where primary and secondary data were used to get viable information. Two Hundred and Forty Two (242) questionnaires were retrieved out of the Two Hundred and Fifty Four (254) that were administered. The information gathered were presented through the use of tables and it was found that a number of housing delivery strategies were employed and of which Public Private Partnership and modern sources of finance such as National Housing Fund and loans from Mortgage Institutions were the most effective housing delivery strategies employed in the study area. Within the study period, a total of 4014 housing units were delivered by both government and private investors. There are constraints in loan ceilings, high interest rate, high cost of construction and delay in processing Certificate of occupancy.

KEYWORDS: Constraints, Effectiveness, Evaluation, Housing Delivery, Strategies.

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EFFECT OF RENTAL VALUES ON COMMERCIAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT IN MINNA, NIGER STATE

 

ODINE JUDE EHICHIOYA

Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The effect of rental values on commercial property development cannot be overemphasized. The upward increase in commercial property development in some areas of Minna Metropolis, without a upward increase in rent in Niger State has necessitated this study. the study sampled 120 commercial properties both shops and offices across the study areas. the study utilized closed ended questionnaires and adopted both descriptive and inferential method of analysis. The result of descriptive analysis revealed that commercial shop properties comprised the bulk of commercial property in Minna  at 81.43% and the result further revealed that rent/m2 of offices is higher that rent/m2 of commercial shop property. The result of simple regression revealed that 65% variation in number of commercial shop property development in Minna is significantly influenced by the trend in rental value of commercial property. The study further found  that 62% and 66% variation in number of commercial office property development in Minna is significantly influenced by the trend in rental value of commercial property.

KEYWORDS: Development, Rental Values, Commercial Property, Effect, Niger State

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ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC FLOW AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES AT SELECTED ROAD INTERSECTIONS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS

 

ADEKANYE, Emmanuel Sunday and YAHAYA, Mistura Iyabo

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.

 

Abstract

This study provides a pilot investigation into the assessment of traffic flow and management measures at selected road intersections in Ilorin metropolis. The study relies on both secondary and primary data for achievement of the aim of the study. A total number of 360 copies of questionnaires were administered using a purposive sampling technique. Three indices were developed for this study; these include Causes of Traffic bottleneck (CTBI), Effect of Traffic bottleneck (ETBI) and Effectiveness of Traffic Control Measures (ETCMI). The study established that Murtala/Amilegbe junction recorded the highest volume of traffic among the studied road intersections with 5829 vph and 5898 vph for morning and afternoon peaks respectively while motorcycles recorded highest average vehicle type (1701 vehicles) at the sampled junctions. The study observed that increase in population has the highest CTBI in the city with CTBI value of 4.06 and identified Lateness to work as the major effect posed by traffic congestion across the study area with ETBI value of 4.31. The study also revealed that Availability of law enforce agents is effective (ETCMI= 4.54). The study recommended Provision of CCTV at strategic locations and some problematic intersections in the City, encouragement of public/private partnership investment and operation of mass transit and provision of proper signalization i.e functional Electronically Control Traffic Device among others in the study area.

KEYWORDS: Transportation, Intersection, Traffic Flow, congestion, Traffic Control Measure, accessibility.

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RAINWATER HARVESTING AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER IN MINNA AND ITS ENVIRONS, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

MUSA FATIMA

Department of Geography, School of Physical Science, Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract

As population of Minna and its environs grows and urbanisation increases, more water is required and greater demand is made on both ground and surface water. Therefore this study examined rainwater harvesting as an alternative source of drinking water in Minna and its environs, Niger State, Nigeria. The primary sources of data include questionnaire administration, oral interview and field survey. This was used to achieve the stated objectives. The methods of data analysis were frequency percentage and statistical mean. The result revealed that poor maintenance of water facilities ranked the highest with 38% of the respondents, insufficient fund ranked second with 25% of the respondents, poor transparency and accountability ranked third with 15% of the respondents, inadequate power supply ranked fourth with 13% of the respondents and lack of managerial autonomy of utility ranked the least with 9% of the respondents. This implies that the major challenge affecting water supply in the study area was poor maintenance of water facilities. Year 2012 has the highest annual rainfall with a value of 1540.4mm and years 2011 has the least annual rainfall with a value of 992.2mm. Despite fluctuation in annual rainfall of this study, the annual rainfall is decreasing but still viable for harvesting as well as alternative source of drinking water supply in Minna and its environs. The finding also revealed that storage tank ranked the highest storage technique of harvesting rainwater and concrete mini reservoir ranked the least with 21 respondents. This implies that the major storage technique of harvesting rainwater in the study area was storage tanks of various size ranging from 200litres to 5000litres. It’s therefore recommended that domestic rainwater harvesting is highly encouraged as a supplementary water source especially in Minna and its environs to reduce their vulnerability to acute shortage of water infrastructure.

KEYWORDS: Rainwater, Harvesting, Alternative.

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IMPACT OF TUNGAN-KAWO IRRIGATION SCHEME ON RICE PRODUCTION IN WUSHISHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

1IBRAHIM JALALUDEEN S.2M. B. YUNUSA P.HD 3M.A. EMIGILATI P.HD

1, 2,3Department of Geography Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study seek to examine the impact of Tungan-kawo irrigation scheme on rice production in Wushishi Local Government Area, Niger state, Nigeria. Tara Yamane’s sampling technique was used to derive 400 farmers/respondents from the population of the study. Data was collected through the use of structured questionnaires which was subjected to analysis using frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient of multiple regression analysis. From a response rate of 91.75% deduced, about 66.8% of the farmers were between the ages of 18 to 38 years. This portends an indication that there is opportunity for more active years in agricultural activities. The study revealed that 93% of respondents were male. The marital status of farmers involved in the study indicated that 92.1% were married. The level of educational qualification of respondents was highly appreciated as a substantial number of them had formal education, where 52.9% had tertiary education. 87.5% of the respondents embrace farming as a major occupation. Within the demographic characteristics of the farmers, 70.0% of respondents had household size of 6 to 10. Farmers’ average experience in paddy production was recorded to be 11-20 years while findings showed that ownership type of land cultivated was majorly through inheritance and rentage with an average farm size of 5 acres. It was recorded that 62% of respondents cultivated rice thrice annually and most of these farmers harvested 4 to 7mt per acre. 90% of the farmers reported to had been visited by agricultural extension workers but majority of the farmers lamented to have no access to credit facility. Averagely, most of the farmers recorded to have an estimated income within the range of ₦ 1,000,000 to ₦ 2,000,000 per annum. More so, the vulnerability index of the farmers relative to the irrigation scheme indicated that 33.6% of the household were lowly vulnerable, 65.9% were moderately vulnerable and 1.1% were highly vulnerable. 98.6% of the farmers used improved seedlings for enhancement of crop yield. All the farmers agreed to the usage of fertilizer. Study further indicated a moderate positive correlation between rice irrigation farming and livelihood of the communities. With good agronomical practices, production, processing and marketing will be optimally maximized Sustainable management of infrastructures, availability of industrialized processing mills, sufficient energy and patronage of domestically produced rice will result to poverty reduction and subsequently, increase in household income.

KEYWORDS: Impact, Tungan-kawo, Irrigation farming, Rice (paddy) production, Wushishi, Nigeria.

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EXAMINE SPATIAL PATTERNS OF CRIMES IN MINNA AND ENVIRONS, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

ALIMA, MICAH MARCUS 1 DR. (MRS) M. MUHAMMED 2

Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract

The rapid urbanization of Minna and environs has created numerous social problems, among which is crime that became a common phenomenon in urban areas in both developed and developing nations. Ultimately, rapid growth in urbanization in the study areas had a direct relationship with the increase in crime as the rate of unemployment had been on the increase, high cost of living coupled with housing problem (homelessness) and these in turn led to all sorts of urban problems crime inclusive. Therefore, it is against this background that the study intends to examine spatial patterns of crimes in Minna and environs, Niger State, Nigeria. The data on crime were obtained from the Niger State Police Headquarters within the metropolis. An administrative map of the study area was obtained from the Ministry of Land and Survey Niger State which was used as the base map for the study. Microsoft excel and ArcGIS version 10.1 was used to analyzed the data. The result revealed that the railway around Kpakungu and Soje-A has the most notorious crime spots. Other crime spots include some three locations around River Gadun, KK football field around Kudu mobile house as well as behind Kpakungu NEPA office. Soje-A have 7 reported crime spots, Soje-B have 8 reported crime spots and Kpakungu have 14 reported crime spots all between 2013 and 2018. As also revealed in the study, Hayin Gwari have 11 reported crime spots which mostly affect student’s residents and Bosso have 17 reported crime spots. Most of these crime spots were student residents and the items stolen were laptop computers, phones as well as valuable properties.

KEYWORDS: Spatial patterns, crime spot, Minna and environs

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IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON LAND USE AND LAND COVER DYNAMICS ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF SULEJA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

ABUBAKAR ABUBAKAR SADIQ  AND A. ABDULKADIR

Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna

 

Abstract

Urbanization is among the problems confronting most cities of the world which is attributed to rapid settlements expansion and population growth. The contemporary issues of urbanization are common in the developing countries where development goes ahead of urban planning. This study examine the Impact of Urbanization on Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics on the Environment of Suleja, Niger state using Geospatial Techniques between 1993, 2008, 2018. Field work and ground trothing and picking of GPS point for proper identification serves as the primary data while TM, EMT+, and OLI were the secondary data for this research. Results indicate that the land cover (Vegetation) reduces from 26.07 (KM2) (19.12%), in 2006 to 21.40(km2) (15.70%) in 2018 as a result increase demand for land due to increasing population. Also the built up area was observe to be in increasing order from 11.67% in 1993, 29.72%  in 2008 and 52.97% in 2018. The proximity of Abuja the Federal Capital Territory also contributed to the speedy growth of Suleja L.G.A. The implication of the research indicates that urbanization is the common factors that changes Suleja. The settlement (built-up) increase has encroached into the vegetation and agricultural landuse which is decreasing due to growth in population, constructions and other human needs.The negative effects are unplanned settlements, slums, social vices environmental degradation, pollution, improper waste disposal, decreasing biodiversity and agricultural land among others.It was therefore recommended that Suleja LGA should ensure consistent LULC mapping in order to quantify and characterize LULC changes and predict the future expected change with the observed trends.

KEYWORDS: GIS and Remote Sensing, Settlement, Population, Landuse Change, Urbanization

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ASSESSMENT OF PARKING FACILITIES: THE CASE OF ANYIGBA TOWN IN KOGI STATE NIGERIA

 

HAUWA UMAR ABERE, ADO TANIMU MAIRIGA AND FATIMA YUSUF

Department of Urban and Regional Plannig, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Parking is an integral component of the transport system. It plays a crucial role in the management of traffic and congestion. On-street parking constitutes one major problem that makes traffic situation chaotic in Nigerian cities. The paper aimed at examinng the nature of parking along Ajaokuta-Anyigba road and Lokoja-Ankpa roads in Anyigba town Kogi State with a view to making appropriate planning proposal. The aim was achieved through examining the nature of land use along the roads, determining the nature of traffic and parking along the routes, examining the road capacity, examining the role of stakeholders in the provision and management of parking facilities in the study area. Relevant literatures were reviewed. The research work adopted the physical survey method. Various surveys were conducted using several instruments, data collected was analyzed using statistical tools, from which fact and findings were made. It reveals that, owing to lack of designated Parking space, motorist to opt for parking along the busy road which obstruct traffic flow and increased travel time. Also, it reveals that 82% of the on-street parking were generated by the resident due to lack of parking spaces in there residents and their commercial activities which attracts much cars and the parking space. Recommendations were made such Parking along the road should be made illegal and punishable and the government and other stakeholders involved in the provision and management of parking facilities.

KEYWORDS: Planning, Parking, Parking space, On-Street parking, Off-Street parking, Roads and Vehicles.

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COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT OF USING RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE AS A REPLACEMENT OF FINE AGGREGATE AND COARSE AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE PRODUCTION.

 

GANA A.J, ATOYEBI.O.D & OSENI.P.O

Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Landmark University Omu-Aran, Kwara State.

 

Abstract

This study access the reusing and recycling of waste gotten from construction and demolition. The negative impact of this C & D waste is alarming so measures are to be taken in order to achieve a healthy environment. In comparison with natural concrete and its component, recycled concrete aggregate is used in place of fine aggregate and coarse aggregates. The types of concrete used were; i.Natural concrete ( which served as the control) ii.Concrete with recycled fine aggregates and natural coarse aggregates (gravel) iii.Concrete with recycled coarse aggregates and natural  fine aggregates ( sharp sand). iv.Concrete with both recycled fine and recycled coarse aggregates.This report examine the data from North central region of Nigeria precisely Landmark university, Omu-Aran, Kwara state. Different tests were carried out on concrete and the respective aggregates used for this project work, tests like compressive test, split tensile test, water absorption test, aggregate crushing value test, specific gravity test etc. Also density of the fine aggregate was determined. Results showed that from slump test, all concrete types are workable, the compressive strength of concrete with recycled fine aggregates gained the highest strength at the end of 28days, and concrete with recycled coarse aggregate attained the highest strength at the end of 28days. It also showed that recycled concrete aggregate absorb more water than natural concrete. This project work is recommended to be carried out for further research.In conclusion of this, recycled concrete aggregate can be used to replace natural aggregate in construction works.

KEYWORDS: Comparism, Effect, Recycled, Aggregate, Replacement, Concrete Production

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FLOOD MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION MEASURES: THE ADAMAWA STATE EXPEREINCE

 

KADALA S. BANDI, MOSES Z. WANDA AND FATIMA S. MEDUGU

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi – Nigeria.

 

Abstract

In 2012 and some subsequent years, there were cases of flooding along the coastal areas of major rivers in Nigeria, namely the river Niger and the Benue valley. Recently Adamawa State government reported that about 302,200 people were affected in a flooding which occurred between 30th August and 25th September 2015. This research investigated the causes of the flood and how the Adamawa state government contained it and adapted to it, to prevent future occurrence. The methods employed in this study are interviews and site visitation of three settlements mostly affected by floods annually. The research finds that the three stages of prevention preparedness and mitigation were observed in the control of floods in Adamawa State by the National Emergency management Agency (NEMA) and Community Base Organizations (CBO’s) which are mostly homogeneous in nature. Information dissemination and evacuation of displaced persons from the affected settlements were the major roles played by the government at both national and State level.   The study thus, recommend for the control of flood plains in all parts of the state to avoid the development of permanent settlement that will put the life of residents at risk when disaster strikes and that government at both national and State should embrace the teaching of Disaster risk reduction to school children and women organizations, considering the fact that women, children and the aged are the most victims of flood disasters.

KEYWORDS: Flood, Risk, Adaptation, Mitigation, Preparedness, Disaster.

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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF FILTERING PROCESS AS A REALISTIC STRATEGY FOR URBAN HOUSING SUPPLY IN DAMATURU, THE CAPITAL OF YOBE STATE

 

BABAGANA BUKAR 1, MUKTAR USMAN ALHAJI A1, AND MOHAMMED DANLAMI INUWA2

1 Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic P.M.B. 1006, Damaturu, Yobe State. 2 Department of Estate Management and Valuation, School of Environmental Studies, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru.

 

Abstract

Housing targeted at lower income groups often becomes unaffordable to them on completion, and ultimately become available to medium and higher income groups. Thus, through the filtering process, such beneficiaries will move and create vacancy in units they were previously occupying and thereby making them available to the low income group. The data required for this research work was obtained through the primary and the secondary sources. Data collected were analyzed using chart, percentage, narrative, and descriptive methods. Part of the finding shows that filtering process help in reducing housing price (61%) housing affordability (51%) problems and also aiding housing supply (55%), although governments have always assumed that the housing situation would improve as soon as a general economic condition improves it was recommended that government should encourage the use of local building material for construction so as to reduce building cost, Private Public Partnerships policy (PPPs) on housing should be review as the present approach is profit oriented, National Housing Fund (NHF) eligibility technically excludes the low-income group, such policy need to be reframed to meet the ever increasing housing demand from the ever increasing population.

KEYWORDS: Assessing, Filtering Process, Impact, Realistic Strategy, Supply, Urban Housing

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ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL’S VIEWS ON CLIENT’S CONTRIBUTION TO DELAY IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PROJECT IN BAUCHI STATE

 

KATUN, M. IDRIS1 BELLO KABIR2 AND YARIMA MOHAMMED3

1&3School of Environment Technology, Department of Quantity Surveying, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2Faculty of Built Environment, Department of Building Technology, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi

 

Abstract

The Nigerian construction industry continues to occupy an important position in the nation’s economy even though it contributes less than the manufacturing or other services industries. The contribution of the construction industry to the national growth improves efficiency in the industry by means of cost effectiveness and timeless and would certainly contribute to cost savings for the country as a whole, The paper aim to assess the professionals’ view on client’s contribution to building construction projects in Bauchi state. One hundred and one questionnaires, survey were administered to various professionals in the construction organization for the study. The research adopted quantitative method of analysis and the   obtained data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Version.222. The study identified the inadequate project planning, lack, shortage and non-release of fund, bankruptcy and insolvency as the leading factors of delay in construction projects. The study recommended that the professionals ensure that clients honor the entitlements due for the contractors. The study serves as a guide to the construction industry on the effect of delay in construction project outline and deepened reflectiveness of the surpassing role of effective project delay in the construction industry.

KEYWORDS: Construction industry, Building project delay, Construction clients and Professionals in construction industry.

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TOURISM POTENTIALS OF BABBAN GWANI ARCHITECTURE AND THE FIRST MINING BEACON TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT IN BAUCHI

 

DAUDA ALI MADU 2IBRAHIM IDRIS 3YERIMA MOHAMMED 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED

1&4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

 

Abstract

This work showcases comparative advantages of the Babban Gwani architecture and the first mining beacon to revamp tourism in Bauchi. Bauchi state is home to the Yankari Game Reserve, first tin mining beacon, rock paintings at Geji and Shira, the state museum, Babban Gwani architecture and among others. It is also one of the thirty-six political administrative states in Nigeria offering good opportunity for human settlement due to its peaceful atmosphere with less security challenges, attractive terrain and adequate market for tourism business to thrive. The study areas under investigation further discusses issues of immense contribution to tourism development potentials. Hence, the contribution of this work can never be over estimated as the results and findings were all relevant to professionals and other future possibilities in terms of attainment of tourism and opportunities in sustainable built environment. It has been recommended that government should strictly enforce the law that promotes tourism towards the attainment of sustainability in the economy using the two selected architectural monument sites in Bauchi.

KEYWORDS: Development, government, market, sustainability, tourism

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EVALUATING EFFECTS OF GLOBALISATION ON THE MORPHOLOGY OF HAUSA TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE: A CASE STUDY OF BAUCHI    HOUSE FORMS.

 

MICHAEL ONYEMAECHI AJUFOH & ABDULLAHI BILKISU ABUBAKAR

 

Abstract

Over the years architects have always tried to keep up with the challenges of an ever changing world. The greatness of any civilisation was always closely knit with its level of architectural prowess. From the early Egyptian styles to the various 20th century styles of Architecture, designers have always tried to reflect certain values and locally sourced traits in their design. This effectively ensures that every region or place has an architectural voice and is uniquely different.  Globalisation has however made sure that recent 20th century styles is mirrored all around the world without infusing locally sourced ideologies of planning, forms and aesthetics. The ease at which designers get access to almost any information anywhere in the world means a design in London can be replicated with ease in Azare, Bauchi state, Nigeria. This paper attempted an evaluation of the influx of these styles as it relates to the planning and functional flow of past and present house plans and its resultant effects on the traditional landscape of Bauchi city. The paper attempted an analysis of the transformation experienced from the earlier traditional forms to the current modern forms available within the clime. The aim was to determine the level of acceptability and by extension its level of sustainability as a design style by the locals.

KEYWORDS: Globalisation, Traditional Architecture, Culture, Bauchi city

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INTEGRATING GREEN/SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT IN NIGERIA’S PROPERTY MARKET

 

ABILKISU ADAMU ALIYU, BHABIBU SANI, CISAH ABDULLAHI.

a,c,Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Nuhu Bamalli polytechnic, Zaria bDepartment of Estate Management and Valuation. Kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna

 

Abstract

The study was conducted to explore the need for integrating green sustainability concept into property development and valuation with a view of improving compliance to green sustainability concept and practice into real property market indices. The study was conceived on survey design to appraise the need for integrating green issues/sustainability into the property valuation process. The study used literature analysis approach to review real estate surveyors’ practices/approach to value indices perception using questionnaires to scope the importance of a range of sustainability features on the market value for a hypothetical property, based on social, economic and environmental features constituting the triple bottom line of sustainability.  Findings revealed that energy waste and water management, preservation of biodiversity and environmental indoor/health quality are breakpoints for the integration of green issues into property valuation practice in developing country like Nigeria. There are already growing awareness of the need to integrate sustainability into real estate valuation practice. The study, therefore, concludes by establishing the significance of integrating green concept/sustainability into real estate valuation and its effect on the general perception of the Nigerian property market players.

KEYWORDS: Concept, Integrating, Sustainability, Property, Green.

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ASSESSMENT OF OBSOLESCENCE AND ITS IMPACT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUES IN KONTAGORA, NIGER STATE

 

*USMAN JAMILA **PROF M.B NUHU

*Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru **Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna

 

Abstract

This study examines the effect of obsolescence and its Impact on Residential Property Values in Kontagora, Niger State. Two areas were chosen in order to make a comparison between Tudun Wada and Nassarawa areas of Kontagora. The research analyzed 237 questionnaires. Data for the study were collected from primary sources. To obtain primary data, Structure questionnaires were administrated to the occupants of Residential properties in Tudun Wada and Nassarawa areas. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques, and Analysis of Variance. The result of Analysis of Variance indicates that there is statistical significant difference on the rental value of residential properties between the study areas. Descriptive statistics was used to determine the factors that cause various form of obsolescence on Residential Property which reveals that poor maintenance habit of the landlord and the use of low quality material have the highest relative importance index as 0.82 and 0.70. It was recommended that landlord, contractors as well as tenants should endeavor to take extreme care of the building they possess and ensure constant routine maintenance of the residential property.

KEYWORDS: Obsolescence, Housing, and Property Value

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PERIMETER SURVEY OF LEVEL II ARMY HOSPITAL DAMATURU, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA.

 

1DAUDA WAZIRI A, 2 BULAMA A. ABATCHA, AND 3LAWALI RABIU.

1,2&3 Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This paper, Perimeter Survey of level II army hospital Damaturu is a third order accuracy job. The survey involves the carved out, demarcation and survey of the site for preparation of title deed plans of the plot and subsequent processing of certificate of occupancy. The primary objective of this Perimeter Survey is to define the legal property boundaries and determine coordinates of all measured points. It also gives information on the size and shape of the land. . The job involved reconnaissance (office and field), instrument check, in-situ check, setting out, and emplacement of boundary beacons, perimeter traverse, data processing and production of survey plan. A Leica TS06 total station   and its accessories were used for the execution of this job. The traverse closed with an acceptable linear accuracy of 1/5,000.The final plan was plotted at scale of 1:2,500.

KEYWORDS: Perimeter survey, certificate of occupancy, reconnaissance, boundary beacons, and Leica TS06 total station.

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BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF OFFICE COMPLEXES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BIDA, NIGERIA

 

1SHEHU M.A., 2JIBRIN I.A.M., 3SULEIMAN N.A. And 4UMAR M. K.

1,2&3Department of Building Technology, the Fedral Polytechnic Bida 4 Department of Quantity Surveying, the Fedral Polytechnic Bida.

 

Abstract

Human spends most of their lives inside buildings, then it is fundamental to note how well buildings match users’ needs, and identify ways to improve building design, performance and fitness. Building performance Evaluation (BPE) is a prominent tool that indicates satisfaction and comfort level needs of building occupants in a building facility. This research therefore, studies BPE of the office building in the Federal Polytechnic, Bida with specific reference to the Administrative Block (AB) and School of Art and applied Sciences (SAAS) buildings. Data were sourced through the distribution of 2 (two) sets of questionnaires known as Occupants’ Survey Forms A and B. various key indicators of performance and indoor environmental features of the buildings were studied and analyzed. The study was based on key group variables such as the physical, functional and performance indicators of the office facility. Quantitative techniques were used for the research through purposive sampling and investigative approach method was adopted in choosing administrative block and school of art and applied science which constitutes a large population of office accommodation in the Polytechnic. Data collected for BPE are analyzed using statistical analysis. However, improvisation and complaints are not necessarily the result of bad design. They could be the result of an outdated concept of design and/or lack of proper building facility maintenances. The research hereby recommend that all construction players should prioritize application of BPE as strategic level decision making and emphasized as continuous activity in environmental evaluation towards sustainability of building assets.

KEYWORDS: Building, Environment, Evaluation, Indoor, Office, Performance

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INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECT OF RICE HUSK AS A PARTIAL    REPLACEMENT OF FINE SAND IN LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE

 

K.O OLORUNFEMI

Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Technology, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.

 

Abstract

The suitability of rice husk as a partial replacement of fine sand in concrete was investigated by substituting it proportions of weight for fine aggregate in the production of a light weight concrete. Physical properties of rice husk and fine aggregate were determined. Concrete cubes of 150 x 150 x 150mm were cast at nominal mix ratio of 1:2:4 and 1:3:6 with water cement ratio of 0.5. Replacement were carried out in 0%, 5%, 15%, 25% and 50% proportion of rice husk. The effects of rice husk on the workability of fresh concrete were determined by the slump test. Average compressive strengths values of the concrete were evaluated at 7, 14 and 28 days with 0%, 5%, 15%, 25% and 50% replacement levels. The average compressive strength of concrete with partial replacement of rice husk at 5% with mix ratio 1:2:4 for 28 days has the highest average compressive strength of 12.0 N/mm2 , and for mix ratio 1:3:6 the average compressive strength for 5% has the highest average compressive strength of 11.5N/mm2 for 28 days curing. The replacement value of 5% for mix ratio 1:2:4 and 1:3:6 with a value of 12.0N/mm2 and 11.5N/mm2 satisfy the requirement for the production of light weight concrete which could be used where low stress concrete is required.

KEYWORDS: Aggregate, Concrete, Compressive Strength, Rice Husk, Workability

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BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF OFFICE COMPLEXES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BIDA, NIGERIA

 

1SHEHU M.A., 2JIBRIN I.A.M., 3SULEIMAN N.A. And 4UMAR M. K.

1,2, &3Department Of Building Technology, The Fedral Polytechnic Bida 4Department of Quantity Surveying, the Fedral Polytechnic Bida

 

Abstract

Human spends most of their lives inside buildings, then it is fundamental to note how well buildings match users’ needs, and identify ways to improve building design, performance and fitness. Building performance Evaluation (BPE) is a prominent tool that indicates satisfaction and comfort level needs of building occupants in a building facility. This research therefore, studies BPE of the office building in the Federal Polytechnic, Bida with specific reference to the Administrative Block (AB) and School of Art and applied Sciences (SAAS) buildings. Data were sourced through the distribution of 2 (two) sets of questionnaires known as Occupants’ Survey Forms A and B. various key indicators of performance and indoor environmental features of the buildings were studied and analyzed. The study was based on key group variables such as the physical, functional and performance indicators of the office facility. Quantitative techniques were used for the research through purposive sampling and investigative approach method was adopted in choosing administrative block and school of art and applied science which constitutes a large population of office accommodation in the Polytechnic. Data collected for BPE are analyzed using statistical analysis. However, improvisation and complaints are not necessarily the result of bad design. They could be the result of an outdated concept of design and/or lack of proper building facility maintenances. The research hereby recommend that all construction players should prioritize application of BPE as strategic level decision making and emphasized as continuous activity in environmental evaluation towards sustainability of building assets.

KEYWORDS: Building, Environment, Evaluation, Indoor, Office, Performance

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