MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH VOL.10 (8) (MIJCER) DECEMBER, 2019


MEDITERRANEAN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

VOL. 10 NO.2 (MIJASD) DECEMBER, 2019 


Published by: MEDITERRANEAN PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,

Bayero University, Kano,

PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.

E-MAIL: mediterraneanresearchpub@gmail.com PHONE: +234-708-717-324

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR THE MANUSCRIPTS SOFT COPIES.



 

MIGRATION AND RESOURCE MOBILIZATION, MANAGEMENT FOR ACCESS AND QUALITY EDUCATION IN WEST AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

 

UMAR MUHAMMAD PhD, **BASHIRU UMAR ALIERO & **DR. H.S. ALIERO

*Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Department of Education, Kebbi State University of Science Tech, Aliero.

 

Abstract

Education is widely accepted as a major instrument for promoting socio-economic pollical and national development in West Africa. Education is basic human right. Like all human rights, it is universal and inalienable-everyone regardless of gender, religion, ethnicity or economic status, is entitled to it. Yet in most countries in the West African sub-region, access and quality education is not fully obtainable. This Paper focusses on how resources can be mobilized and managed for access and quality education in West African states by discussing the need for resource mobilization and management for access and quality education in West Africa which includes attainment of Education For All goals, Increase in Gross National Product, Poverty Eradication and general development of the continent in general and Sub-region in particular, access to basic education in West Africa. Challenges facing the mobilization and management of resources, including corruption in the education sector and exponential population growth which has put serious pressure on available resources were discussed. The paper recommends that, there is need for adequate funding to education sector according to international bench mark of 26% percent by UNESCO , and also measures to be taken for combating corruption in countries in West African sub-region.

KEYWORDS: Access, Education, Management, Migration, Resource mobilization, Quality.

 

 

INFLUENCE OF BROKEN HOM ON INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE (WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS FROM BROKEN HOME IN G.G.S.T.C. POTISKUM)

 

*DR. AH MAD TAHIR A DAMU KOKI AND **KHADIJA MUHAMMAD

*Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu **Borno State College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Borno State.

 

Abstract

This paper assesses the influence of broken home on inclusive education and students academic performance in Yobe State with particular reference to Students from Broken home in G.G.S.T.C. Potiskum.  A systematic collection, review and use of educational programmes undertaken for the purpose of improving students’ learning and development was taken in this study.  For the purpose of this research work ninety (90) students were selected randomly from SS 1 and  SS 2. This also compares the performance of children from broken homes and intact homes; how it affect them physically, socially, behavioural and psychologically. The data analysis consists of students’ attitude, feelings and achievement towards their reaction to changes in the academic environment.

KEYWORDS: Broken, Student, Particular, Education, Influence.

 

 

IMPACT OF PRINCIPALS’ YEARS AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPERIENCE AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI AND GOMBE STATES

 

  1. BARAKATU ABDULLAHI

Educational Administration and Planning Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University Kashere, P.M.B. 0182, Gombe State of Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This study investigated the principals’ years and administrative experience on students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Bauchi and Gombe states in Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive research designed of the correlation type. The population of the study comprised 166 senior secondary schools principals in the two states in urban areas. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 senior secondary schools principals to reflect those that put in five years of service as principals in senior secondary schools. This comprised fifteen principals who put in below ten years and fifteen of those who have put in more than ten years. The instruments used to collect relevant data were principals’ years of working and administrative check list and a self-designed questionnaire developed by the researcher titled Principals’ Years and Administrative Experience and Students’ Academic Performance (PYAESAP). The questionnaire was validated by three experts, one in the area of educational administration and planning, one in the measurement and evaluation and one in educational psychology all from educational foundations department. Their suggestions and recommendations were incorporated into the final version and the reliability coefficient index of 0.78 was obtained after test-re-test with two weeks interval. Data collected were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). One hypothesis was formulated and tested. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) Coefficient analysis procedure was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 significant levels. The results of the analysis showed that, there was significant correlation between principals’ years and administrative experiences and students’ academic performance. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, school principals should obtain both years and administrative experience that will enable them perform maximally in the discharge of handling human and material resources which will positively enhance students’ academic performance.

KEYWORDS: Impact, Principal, experience, years, administrative, students’ academic performance and senior secondary schools.

 

 

STUDY ON THE BARRIERS INFLUENCING TEACHERS’ ADOPTION AND INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INTO TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

 

*ABDULLAHI ABUBAKAR HAMANI **AHMAD AUWAL

*Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.  **ICT/MIS Directorate, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.

 

Abstract

Global investment in ICT to improve teaching and learning in schools have been initiated by many governments. Despite all these investments on ICT infrastructure, equipment and professional development to improve education in many countries, ICT adoption and integration in teaching and learning have been limited. This article reviews personal characteristic factors that encourage teachers’ use of computer technology in teaching and learning processes. These barriers include Teachers’ attitudes, ICT Competence, computer self-efficacy, Teaching Experience and Teacher workload. Research has revealed that these factors are related to each other. However, lack of teacher ICT skills; lack of teacher confidence; lack of pedagogical teacher training; lack of suitable educational software; limited access to ICT; rigid structure of traditional education systems; restrictive curricula, etc are also contributing factor. The article concluded that knowing the extent to which these barriers affect individuals and institutions may help in taking a decision on how to tackle them.

KEYWORDS: ICT Adoption and Integration; Information and Communication Technologies; Personal; Institutional and Technological Factors

 

 

MANAGING THE CHALLENGES OF GENDER MARGINALIZATION FOR SUSTAINABLE EDUCATIONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE SUB-SAHARAN REGION: IMPLICATION FOR MANAGEMENT AND COUNSELLING

 

*EBUK, LOVE (Ph.D) & **ISAIAH IORNENGE SHAMO

*Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja **Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja.

 

Abstract

T

his paper focused on managing the challenges of gender marginalization for sustainable growth and development: implication for management and counselling. This investigation was carried out in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Survey research design was used for the study, this design helped the researchers to sample representatives from the large population (Nakpodia, 2010). The population of the study was 24 secondary schools and 24 principals in Uyo senatorial district of Akwa-Ibom State. The sample of the study was 24 secondary schools and 24 principals considered through purposive sampling technique. The questionnaire was validated by experts in the Department of Educational Administration and Foundation, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The reliability of the instrument was obtained through split-half using Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient statistics to analyze the data collected. Frequency and mean statistics were used to analyze the research question. The finding of the study revealed that: secondary school principals did not apply management strategies to manage gender marginalization in education in Uyo Senatorial district, Akwa Ibom State. Due to the finding of the study, the researchers recommended that: management of secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State should by a matter of necessity learn, imbibe and apply appropriate strategies to alleviate gender marginalization which hampers educational sustainable growth and development; the Federal Government should expedite action on implementing the objectives of the policy on the elimination of gender discrimination in education, the school should intimate the state government on the plight of gender marginalization on the educational growth and development of girls and encourage her to help the school to alleviate such misdemeanor.

KEYWORDS: Challenges, Gender Marginalization, Sustainable Educational Growth and Development, Sub-Saharan Region

 

 

PUBLIC RELATIONS FOR EFFECTIVE SERVICE DELIVERY: KENNETH DIKE LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, OYO STATE NIGERIA

 

FELICIA JOHH & ZAINAB ABBA HALLIRU

University Library, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Bauchi State.

 

Abstract

The aim of the study was to find out the public relations practices for effective service delivery in Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. It focused on how public relation can be used to improve the services of the library user and library staff. It was achieved through the following objectives; to examine public relation practices for service delivery, determine public relation effectiveness, to find out public relation challenges and suggest possible solution to the current public relations practices on service delivery in Kenneth Dike Library. A descriptive case study design was used to allow for in depth investigation and better understanding of the public relation service delivery to the users. In addition, both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to collect information on the public relation practices and service delivery. The target population of the study comprises of students and library staffs. The sample size comprises of 218 which represented 2% of the entire population from the thirteen faculties of Kenneth Dike Library. Stratified Random Sampling technique was used to select a sample size from the population. The study structured questionnaires and unstructured interview to collect data for the study. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the data at 5% level of significance. Regression analysis was used to establish the strength of the relationship. The study concluded that public relation practice should plan and sustained to establish and maintain goodwill and mutual understanding between an organization/institution/firm and the public. It is clear that a public relation division is crucial in any organization including the library, any activity done in the library either directly or indirectly can be viewed as a public relation activity as long as it appears to promote the public image of the library. The study recommended that library authority should focus on proper staff straining to improve the professionalism in the library. Librarians must themselves take initiatives to improve interpersonal relationships with library users. Personal relationships and collaboration (including welcoming publicity in education programs) are a crucial matter towards the development of public relation.

KEYWORDS: Public Relation, Library, Library Service, Service Delivery

 

 

EFFECT OF USE OF INTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND GENDER DIFFERENCE ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

 

*BITRUS GLAWALA AMUDA **ASABE AUDU ***BUKAR WAZIRI

*Department of Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri, Borno State **Government Day Secondary School, Mafoni, Maiduguri, Borno State. ***Department of Education, Ramat Polytechenic Maiduguri, Borno State.

 

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of use of instructional materials and gender differences on senior secondary school students’ academic performance in agricultural science in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of use of instructional materials and gender differences in academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Maiduguri, Borno State. The study used quasi-experimental design with two groups of experiment and control. The target population was fourteen (14) senior secondary schools in Maiduguri. Through stratified random sampling method, three (3) senior secondary schools were selected based on male, female and mixed schools for the study. The instrument used for data collection was self-developed performance test questions in agricultural science. The performance test in agricultural science was made up of 30 multiple-choice items. The items were drawn from the scope of agricultural science SS1 syllabus. The reliability coefficient obtained was 0.86. The study lasted for five weeks. The data collected was analysed using t-test of independent samples. The mean and standard deviation of the experimental group were higher than the control group, which showed that, there was a significant effect on gender difference in the use of instructional materials on senior secondary school students in Maiduguri, Borno State. The study concludes that, gender difference exit on students taught with instructional materials than those taught without instructional materials. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, Borno State Ministry of Education should provide different types of instructional materials to schools.

KEYWORDS: Effect, use, Instructional materials, Gender, Academic performance

 

 

THE ROLE OF ICT EDUCATION IN COMBATING ECONOMIC RECESSIO IN NIGERIA

 

JONATHAN SABO TURYA AND NATHAN JOSHUA TOMTSU

Department of General Studies Education, FCE (T) Gombe.

 

Abstract

This study presents information and communication technology (ICT) as a phenomenon that is required to address economic recession in Nigeria. Recession amid plenty is the greatest challenge facing Nigeria. The poverty stricken use diverse coping mechanisms conditioned by their access to various support systems. This paper is on the use of ICT in combating economic recession in Nigeria. It describes the roles that ICTs have played in the lives of the poor in Nigeria, and how ICTs assist people in addressing the chronic issues of recession. Using ICTs to support poverty reduction is found to be possible, practical and affordable if Nigerian government acknowledges its role as a major employer and user of ICT beginning with a development commitment that targets poverty alleviation. In addition, the development and access to social networks through low-cost ICTs, will enhance timely access to accurate and reliable information by the poor From the study it has been observed that the global financial crisis strongly affect the Nigerian economy because of uncertainty  in foreign direct investment and Money Supply that could create uncertainty in the level of investment which retards economic growth. It also slows down the economy, The paper recommends that There is a need for new stability of the global financial system in which the voice of every nation, every continent is heard and their concerns taken into account.

KEYWORDS: Information Communication Technology (ICT), recession, economy, global, combating

 

 

INTRODUCING ICT GRAPHICS IN TEACHING AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

 

MANSURA BUBA ARDO

Department of English Language Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic Yola.

 

Abstract

The paper aimed at assessing the role of Information and Communication Technology tools in effective teaching and learning English language in Primary Education in Nigeria. The study looks at the impact and opportunities provided by ICT for teaching and learning in primary schools and on the learning environment, also the researcher looks at it limitations towards implementation and the way forward. From the study the researcher found out that some of the problems that limit the integration of ICT tools in primary education includes: cost of the machines, availability of electricity and technological tools and low level of technical know-how are some of the reason that hinder full integrations of ICT in our primary schools. The researcher recommend that government and agencies involves should contribute more towards implementation of ICT in our primary schools to ease teaching and learning also the Primary school teachers should improve and update their pedagogy to allow all learners to reach their full potential through the creative and innovative use of ICT.

KEYWORDS: Information and communication technology, English education and of teaching and learning

 

 

HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

 

OKONMAH FAITH C

Department of Home Economics, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State.

 

Abstract

This study investigated the role of Home Economics Education as a tool for achieving sustainable development in Nigeria. Sustainable development deals with balance consideration of environmental, social and economic constraints confronting human society. It focuses on economic expansion, capitalist neo-liberal political views and policies, and consumer consumption.  The purpose of the study is to establish Home Economics Education as an integral and indispensable tool for achieving sustainable development in Nigeria. The findings of the study unveil that there is a strong link between Home Economics Education and sustainable development. Home economics education as a tool for sustainable development provides opportunities for empowering students through capacity building in decision-making, problem-solving, training for manpower in entrepreneurship to be self-reliant economically, technically knowledgeable and vocationally skilful for national development that is paramount for the realization of sustainable development in Nigeria. It is also found that teaching of home economics equips young people and adults with sustainable skills, useful knowledge and good attitudes for work in any chosen occupation and career opportunities that gear towards sustainable development. Establishment of more vocational centres, provision of soft loan, and curriculum development in line with sustainable developments as well as training of teachers and lecturers were recommended by the researcher to be implemented by government and Non-Governmental Organizations to facilitate speedily sustainable development in Nigeria.

KEYWORDS: Education, Home Economics Education, Sustainable Development

 

 

THE MODERN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL MEDIA AND THE CHALLENGES FOR NIGERIAN LIBRARIES

 

ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI HAMANI & ADAMU IBRAHIM, MOHAMMED IDRIS

Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.

 

Abstract

The medium for retrieving information in changing fast. First from the manual method, then electronically. Retrieval is now made from full-text and on-line database. This paper discusses the transition to these now information retrieval media and the challenges for Nigerian libraries to adopt the two key elements that propel it-computers and telecommunication facilities.

KEYWORDS: Retrieval, Media, Modern, Challenges, Libraries.

 

 

GLOBALIZATION AND THE SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN AWAKENING: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR 21ST CENTURY SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

 

LWAHAS BENJAMIN

Department of Social Development School of Administration and Business Studies Plateau State Polytechnic, Heipang, Barkin Ladi.

 

Abstract

T

he worldwide movement toward social work integration implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to international outlook of an interconnected and interdependent knowledge based approach. This paper contended that this trend is just experiencing growth in social work education without local content development of Nigeria’s social work curricula. This imbalance violates the good will of globalization itself to practice across national frontiers. Hindered and Unhindered movement, globalization and localization, Westernization and indigenization, multiculturalism and universalization cultural universal and local standards, Local Realities and Global Transformations combined to entangle principles, knowledge and practice and values in which social work pride itself. The paper ascribed the new global definition of social work as an attempt to bridge this gap but is also impregnated with structural developmental social welfare issues. Global Inequality does not allow equal social work practice influenced of one by another which as argued in this paper, is not in the interests of the people whom social workers work with considering social incongruence. The intent of this paper is to achieve that disconnect in/and influence through shared experiences and thus, presents simplified version of social work education complex used in analyzing and solving problems or making predictions in social work education in Nigeria as specific version for infusing international content into the social work curriculum in Nigeria to fit these gaps. The paper thus identified local strategies to respond to the skewed development and inequality that globalization contributes to the unique, challenges facing social work educators, researchers and practitioners in Nigeria as it where in Africa. Mindful of western dominance as major challenges associated with achieving the above it attempt to achieve that by engaging with the relationship over time that existed between non material culture and social work dimensions engrained in social actions  aloof of Western values and practices. This paper thus, suggest an underlying reasoning and principle that underlies and explains social work education in Nigeria for including issues pertaining to international social work, including the impact of globalization and the relationship between social work education in Nigeria, international social work and globalization as they are related to social welfare issues internationally. Just as Social workers and social work educators throughout the world are encouraged to explore the relationship between social work practice and global issues.

KEYWORDS: Globalization, Social Work Education

 

 

THE ELECTRONIC MATERIALS SOURCES IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES AND ITS USE BY POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; A STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE.

 

KEFAS GILBERT

Department Of Library, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.

 

Abstract

The study examines ‘the electronic materials sources in academic libraries and its use by postgraduate students in developing countries; a study of University of Maiduguri Borno state. It investigates the level of ICT knowledge of postgraduate in the use of electronic materials resources and how post graduate students can access electronic materials sources. Consequently, the study employed a survey design and random sampling technique using a well-structured questionnaire. Equally, data was collected from 200 sampled respondents comprising 25 Ph.D students, 85 masters students and 55 post graduate diploma students. The study discovered that there is a low level of skill set required in the usage of the electronic materials among postgraduate students of university of Maiduguri. The level of electronic materials sources used by postgraduate students (UNIMAID) Borno is high, based on the responses from the respondents and the usefulness of the electronic materials sources such as internet there is a high level of usage of the electronic materials sources most especially in research. It was recommended that integration of ICT courses to postgraduate study curriculum should be done so as to make postgraduate students proficient in using the electronic materials sources to undertake research and to exploit their potentials. Alternative sources of power supply should be put in place so that students can access electronic materials sources at any time they require it.

KEYWORDS: Postgraduate Students, Material Sources, Academic Libraries, Developing Countries, University,

 

 

THE RELEVANCE OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN ENHANCING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

 

SA’ID ABDULLAHI DOMA, B.SC, MBF, PH.D, NIM

School of Business Education, Federal College of Education (Tech), Gombe

 

Abstract

This paper discusses the relevance of vocational education (VED) in enhancing economic development in Nigeria. In the introduction, a little historical background of VED in Nigeria was discussed where some of the vocational activities such as: trading, farming, weaving, dying, sewing, plating, crafting and so on were said to be taught to children at lower level of ages. An attempt was made to mention some of the areas covered within the realm of VED which include: Accounting, Business Studies, Home Economics, Secretarial Studies, Commerce, Agricultural Science and Computer Studies. Also, the concept of VED was highlighted and it definition by scholars was mentioned. The discussions in the paper was done based on the following headings: poverty eradication through VED, Problems of VED, Economic development as well as the core values of development. Conclusively, it was found that VED contribute a lot in enhancing economic development in the Nigerian societies generally. Some recommendations were given by the researcher and among the is that: government should provide enough funding as far VED is concern due to its significance in the respect of enhancing economic development in Nigeria.

KEYWORDS: Vocational, Education, Economic, Development

 

 

THE ELECTRONIC MATERIALS SOURCES IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES AND ITS USE BY POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; A STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE

 

KEFAS GILBERT

Department Of Library, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.

 

Abstract

The study examines ‘the electronic materials sources in academic libraries and its use by postgraduate students in developing countries; a study of University of Maiduguri Borno state. It investigates the level of ICT knowledge of postgraduate in the use of electronic materials resources and how post graduate students can access electronic materials sources. Consequently, the study employed a survey design and random sampling technique using a well-structured questionnaire. Equally, data was collected from 200 sampled respondents comprising 25 Ph.D students, 85 masters students and 55 post graduate diploma students. The study discovered that there is a low level of skill set required in the usage of the electronic materials among postgraduate students of university of Maiduguri. The level of electronic materials sources used by postgraduate students (UNIMAID) Borno is high, based on the responses from the respondents and the usefulness of the electronic materials sources such as internet there is a high level of usage of the electronic materials sources most especially in research. It was recommended that integration of ICT courses to postgraduate study curriculum should be done so as to make postgraduate students proficient in using the electronic materials sources to undertake research and to exploit their potentials. Alternative sources of power supply should be put in place so that students can access electronic materials sources at any time they require it.

KEYWORDS: Electronic Materials Sources, Academic Libraries, Postgraduate Students, Developing Countries, University.

 

 

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES ON ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR ON SCHOOL ACTIVITIES AMONG JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KADUNA STATE

 

FARUK ABUBAKAR & ABDULMUMIN T. MUHAMMAD

General Studies Education, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria, West Africa.

 

Abstract

The study x-ray social studies on its influence among adolescence students relates to anti-social behaviour in school activities. The study however, address areas of emphasis on moral contents depict on teaching of social studies as applied to certain behaviours being humiliates among youths school going ages, such as examination malpractice, drug addiction, truancy among other social vices commonly associates with contemporary adolescence. However, the study focuses on Junior Secondary School, Kaduna State,   since school is a common place to inculcate knowledge and moral disciplines, it is imperative for this study towards attainment of egalitarian and sanitize society and equally, Kaduna State being one of the vulnerable states in which anti-social behaviour among school going youths is on the increase. It is against this background, the study investigate and profound ways in which situations can be ameliorates towards reinforcement of social values depict by social studies desire goals in the realization of requisite behaviours in society. However, the research findings indicates that the influence of social studies on anti-social behaviour relates to school activities often associates with inadequate technical skills and application of its methodologies by the givers of social studies knowledge on one hand and the inability of average teachers with require knowledge base in handling the subject of social studies to its logical expectations while social media creates greater challenges among these school age youths based on its wider/easy accessibility. The study cover Kaduna state, but limits its study to Zaria educational zone. The study population focuses on the Junior Secondary Schools in some selected areas. A sample of one thousand, two hundred (1200) staff/students (males/females) were selected from the total population of 7,326 teachers/students that made up the population of the study, using purposive sampling technique. The study revealed that there is no significant difference between the behaviour of adolescent students and social studies contents on the extent of its influence of social studies on anti-social behaviour on school activities among students of junior secondary schools in Kaduna state.

KEYWORDS: Junior Secondary School, Activities, Behaviours, Social Studies, Influence.

 

 

CAPACITY BUILDING THROUGH INVESTMENT IN PEOPLE: KEY TO AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT

 

AMINA LADAN SHUNI AND SAFINA HALIRU SARKI

Economics Department, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto.

 

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to provide a prologue to the issue of development in Africa and the critical need to build capacity through investment in people. The paper reviews relevant literature on the seminal issues of defining human development, promoting human development in Africa, new development deal for Africa and investment in human capital as key to Africa’s development. In addition, the paper provides a brief overview of the articles focusing on capacity building in Africa. Literature pertinent to the topic of development in Africa is provided. Understanding the meaning of development and human development in particular is not only a necessary but a sufficient condition to designing strategies and policies aimed at promoting human development in Africa. As established in this paper, knowledge, entrepreneurship and the mastery of information and communication technologies in this century should become Africa’s best competitive advantage. This paper introduces this special issue on capacity building for Africa’s development. It reviews the literature on the meaning of development and human development, promoting development in Africa, new development deal for Africa and investment in human capital as key to African development. Instead of people in Africa being consumers of knowledge they should strive to produce knowledge based on their indigenous, cultural, political and socio-economic perspectives. To do this, African governments must be willing and able to invest in quality education.

KEYWORDS: Africa, Human development, Development, Human capital, Capacity building.

 

 

IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE DISCIPLINE ON ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF NIDI INDUSTRY LIMITED, KANO STATE, NIGERIA

 

MAIMUNA BULAMA

Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Disciplinary procedures are necessary because no organization can survive without inculcating discipline into its employees for performance. This study was conducted to find out the impact of employee discipline on organizational performance with specific reference to NIDI Industry Limited. The paper relies heavily on interview, observation, newspapers and magazines, textbooks and journal articles for reviews and findings. The paper was able to find out that discipline has a positive impact on employee performance. It was also discovered that employee discipline is an integral aspect of the organization system and the real purpose of discipline is to encourage employees to meet standards of job performance and to behave sensibly and safely at work, rather than to punish. This study contributes to the body of existing literature; specifically, it will inspire managers on how to deal with disciplinary issues in their organizations. The study recommended a continuous review of rules and disciplinary processes to ensure it is transparent and fair. It also recommends that organizations should maintain records of disciplinary cases, and new employees should know the objectives and goal of the organization and should also be acquainted with the rules and regulations governing the organization.

KEYWORDS: Discipline, Employee, Organization, performance

 

 

HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS COUNSELLING AND TESTING FOR PREGNANT WOMEN IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN GROWTH IN THE MILLENNIUM ERA (A CASE STUDY OF NIGER STATE HIV MANAGEMENT SERVICE), NIGERIA

 

SABA, ABDULRAHMAN MUHAMMAD

Educational Psychology Department, Niger State College of Education, P.M.B 39, Minna.

 

Abstract

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV is responsible for more than 90% of the cases of HIV infection in infants and children in sub-Saharan Africa. Accurate data on the knowledge and perceptions of HIV among women attending antenatal clinics in Nigeria are scarce. A cross-sectional survey of 338 women attending antenatal clinics in Niger State, North-Central, Nigeria was done using structured questionnaires. This sample size was derived from a population of 2800 using Krejcie and Morgan table for determining sample size for a definition population. The consistency test of the instrument was validated using Cronbach Alpha formula at 0.72 acceptable level. Some women respondents had heard of HIV, while some knew that HIV could be transmitted from mother to child; others believed in the reality of HIV disease; in contrast, the majority believed they were not at risk of HIV infection, and a slightly greater proportion did not understand the benefits of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT). Nonetheless, almost about half of respondents were willing to know their status following health education about VCT. Those that were older, attending public hospitals, and with a higher level of education had more knowledge and better perceptions about HIV. The results suggest an urgent need for public health education on HIV and the benefits of VCT to control MTCT, particularly targeting young pregnant women and those with little or no education.

KEYWORDS: Mother-to-Child Transmission, Voluntary Counselling and Testing, Antenatal.

 

 

INFLUENCE OF BRAND IMAGE ON BUYING BEHAVIOUR AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, ABEOKUTA

 

  1. T. AKINYELE, E. F. AKINYELE, O. G. COKER

Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria, Crawford University, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Brand image is an influential means to cajole new customers by inducing their behaviour with numerous schemes that will make them dedicated to one brand. The focus of brand value creation was on individual goods whereby customers make use of brands to exhibit ownership. The main objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between brand image and buying behaviour in Funaab. This study focuses on soft drinks and tries to investigate brand equity and customer consumption values in order to compare different purchase behaviours.  Stratified sampling technique was adopted for this research study.  A structured questionnaire was used to get data from the respondents. The data was analyzed using through the data preparation grade and Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Sample size of one hundred (100) were employed out of the total population of undergraduates in Funaab . The study uses descriptive analysis in interpreting the results of the research work. The research work adopted statistical tools such as regression analysis and ANOVA in testing the hypothesis. The result shows that there is a significant relationship between brand name and buying behaviour, brand value and buying behaviour, price and buying behaviour, packaging and buying behaviour. The study observes that brand image is an influential means to cajole new customers. In view of this finding, certain recommendations were arrived at; adequate provision of funds, provision of adequate facilities, allocation of adequate time, provision of development strategies and marketing research on brand image in most business organization should be properly done. The finding of this study provided useful information which is helpful not only for the students but also as a successful guidance to the brand managers for future marketing strategies and policies.

KEYWORDS: Brand image, Brand value, Buying behavior, Purchase behavior, Marketing strategies

 

 

BENEFITS OF FACE TO FACE AND MOBILE COUNSELLING STRATEGIES TO COPE WITH MENOPAUSAL AGE AS PERCEIVED BY WOMEN TEACHERS IN NIGER STATE: COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS

 

 SUSSANA ZUBAIRU

Minna Institute of Technolagy & Innovation, Minna, Niger State.

 

Abstract

This study investigated benefits of face to face and mobile counselling strategies to cope with menopause as perceived by women teachers in Niger state. The choice of teachers was found through their responses to a questionnaire coined “Benefits of Face to Face and Mobile Counselling to Cope with Menopause Age” (BFFMCCMA).It was validated by 3 experts with reliability coefficient of 0.86. Simple random sampling technique was used. 170 public and private secondary school teachers were finally selected from rural an urban schools. One research question and two hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The data were analysed using mean scores whose mean scores are up to cut-off point of 2.05, as positive response. T-test analysis was used to decide on the formulated hypotheses. Results of the mean scores showed that all the teachers accepted the items as benefits of face to face and mobile counselling to cope with menopausal symptoms. However, the result of the t-test analysis showed significance difference between public and private secondary school teachers. Some of the perceived benefits of face to face counselling include; physical contact, establishment of literacy rapport, possibility of questioning, probing and immediate feedback, group counselling is possible, medical intervention at local level is possible when discussing symptoms of menopause. Benefits of mobile include; multi-media communication is possible, leaning takes place and experience is gathered from other clients through mobile learning such as phone, radio, TV, to mention a few. Recommendations such as posting counsellors to health centres, collaborative effort of counsellors and health workers to enlighten adult women, the adoption of community-based counselling to enlighten the public, exploring m-learning or e-health counselling as complementary to face to face counselling and the use of local language to enlighten community members on symptoms of menopause.

KEYWORDS: Face to Face Counselling, Mobile Counselling, Menopause, Benefits, Women Teachers, Counselling Strategies.

 

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