MEDITERRANEAN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
VOL. 9 NO.3 (MJECM) JUNE, 2019
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A SURVEY REPORT ON THE CURRENT ENVIRONMENT OF THE RESTAURANTS OF THE RANGPUR CITY
SADIA KHONDOKAR SHAMA & NIRMAL CHANDRA ROY
Department of Civil Engineering, Rangpur Engineering College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
The study was an attempt that offers a better understanding of the overall trend and pattern of food consumption using random selection and collection of data. Consumption of takeaway and fast food by young adolescents is no longer confined to the developed countries; it has spread to the developing countries as well. The culture of fast food consumption has replaced the traditional meal among university students and is a great public health concern. Excessive consumption of fast food is responsible for obesity epidemics and the cause of a dramatic increase of obesity-related diseases (e.g. diabetes, heart diseases etc.). In Rangpur City, most of the foodstuffs, be they manufactured or processed, are unsafe for consumption or adulterated to varying degrees. This problem persists at every level of the food chain from preparation to consumption. Food manufacturers, processors, restaurants, fast food outlets and so forth are all involved in one way or another in this corrupt practice of adulteration. Foods are adulterated by using various harmful chemicals and toxic artificial colors, on the one hand, and rotten perishables turned to poisonous foods are stored, sold and served to consumers in an unhygienic atmosphere, on the other. The unhygienic and unsafe treatment of food is seriously impacting public health by causing numerous chronic and non-chronic diseases. Despite different reasons for the unsafe treatment and adulteration of foodstuffs in Rangpur City, this study will concentrate on the regulatory failures to combat the current food safety problems persisting in Rangpur City.
KEYWORDS: Environment, Survey, Current, Restaurants, Report.
GEOMORPHIC ASSESSMENT OF STREAM MORPHOLOGY ALTERATION DUE TO URBANIZATION
*MUSTAPHA MALA *BABAGANA BOSSO
*Department Remedial Art Studies, Ramat Polytechnic, P.M.B. 1070, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria **Department of Geography, Yobe State University Damaturu, Nigeria.
Urbanization increases impermeable surface cover which causes stream flow variability, the most significant element in geomorphological processes of erosion and sediment transportation. Urban development imposes a variety of fluvial geomorphic changes, both at the watershed and stream-reach scales. Knowledge of basic interactions among fluvial forms and processes is needed in order to understand the response of watersheds and stream systems to urban development. Specific objectives were to examine channel responses of Ngadda River sub-catchment under different stages of urbanization to land use in Maiduguri, to establish the relationship between land use change and morphological change of the river channel. Primary and secondary sources of data were used in the study. Primary data were generated from (Morphologic Approach) direct field measurements of channel cross-sectional area at the six reaches. Morphological variables collected are bankfull width, Mean bankfull depth, cross sectional area, and wetted perimeter. These were ground truthed by observations and photography. Secondary sources provided information on land cover and impervious surface cover analyzed in the GIS environment. Descriptive and quantitative statistical techniques were used in analyzing the data that test the level of significance of the variables in the three reaches. Results revealed channels increased in width and depth in the downstream direction as is normally expected, but the substrate materials and channel units remained unchanged. Analysis of sediment samples collected at 6 sites in the Ngadda River channel system showed uniformity in both bed and banks materials throughout the study channel. As coarse sand to silt-sized materials dominate the urbanized reach, whereas finer silt and clay sediments characterize the rural reaches. Statistical analyses demonstrated that urbanization did not explain spatial patterns of changes in any variables. Therefore, local geological conditions (similar bedrock, cohesive substrates and similar riparian vegetation) are mitigating the effects of urbanization. Regression analysis revealed marked differences between urban and rural reaches, where urban reach have lesser R2 value = 0.37with p-value = 0.36 and intercept of 0.47 compared to rural reach having greater R2 value = 0.64 with p-value = 0.24 and intercept of 0.48. Regressions for channel width, depth and cross-sectional area in urban reach were found to be not significant and had R2 values less than 0.50, indicating no relationships (Wohl, 2004).We found a significant effect of urbanization and a significant interaction for channel width, depth, channel cross-sectional area and wetted perimeter in the rural reach. Results indicate that there is a scale-dependent response of the variables to urban land cover. This effect is more pronounced in rural reach and becomes insignificant at high level of impervious cover. To minimize the amount of surface runoff from the urbanized catchments into the river, there is also urgent need for government to embark on elaborate and systematic plan of action on stream channel stabilization and downstream impact mitigation aimed at keeping rapid storm flow. Also, the need for establishment of green belts and lawns to encourage infiltration in urban areas to reduce rapid flows into existing river channel. Focusing future development into existing urban and suburban areas, building more compact neighborhoods, and progressive planning strategies may reduce some of the impacts of urbanization on stream systems.
KEYWORDS: Urbanization, Morphology, Runoff, River channel, Reach.
DOMINATES OF AGRO-BIODIVERSITY AND FOSSILS PROCESSING WITH CHIMNEY MANAGEMENT ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN PERIPHERAL SETTLEMENTS AROUND FCT ABUJA
*ADAMU BABA ABDULLAHI PH.D **ADAMU DAVID AHMED AND ***COL. (DR.) WILLIAM BUTU
*Department of Geography, FCT College of Education Zubz-Abuja **Department of Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, Federal University of Technology Minna, P.M.B 65 Minna ***Department of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy Kaduna
This research investigates the dominate of agro-biodiversity and fossils processing with chimney management on environmental pollution in peripheral settlements around FCT Abuja, Nigeria. The objectives of the study among others are to investigate the effects of agro-biodiversity and fossils processing with chimney management on environment pollution in peripheral settlements around FCT Abuja, to assess the nature and types of agro-biodiversity been processed, to examined the methodology and equipments use for the processing, to assess the effects of the pollutants on the peripheral settlements, to assess the socio-economic effects on the settlements and to suggests the way forward for improved agro-biodiversity processing to avert environmental pollution and its health implications on the inhabitants. Six peripheral settlements around FCT Abuja were selected for the study, they are Abaji, Kwali, Suleja, Yangoji, Keffi and Nyanya respectively. Group Focus Discussion (GFD), Field Observations Survey, participatory rural appraisal techniques and convenient sampling techniques were employed for data collection. Multiple Regression Model of Dickey Fuller Test on Time Series with Trends were used with aid of computer SPSS. The result revealed that Agro-biodiversity processing with Chimney management has negative effects on the peripheral settlements with likelihood ratio of 0.10407*** and 0.23084*** respectively.
KEYWORDS: Dominates, Agro-biodiversity and Fossil Processing, Chimney Management, Environmental pollution, peripheral settlements around FCT Abuja, Nigeria.
HARNESSING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES AND POTENTIAL FOR REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA
*SALISU MAGAJI, **IBRAHIM GARBA, ***HABU BABAYO
*Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Yobe state Ministry of Land and Housing, Damaturu ***Department of Estate Management, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi.
Hitherto, real estate activities in developing countries such as Nigeria, are performed by the estate surveyors and valuers manually thereby proved to be hectic, cumbersome and time-consuming. Nowadays, technological advancement has made it possible for professionals to use ICT in almost every ramifications with regards to real estate dealings with relative ease and efficiency.This paper exploits the various ICT resources available for use by estate surveyors and valuers as well as the areas where such resources are used. Similarly, the paper also affirms that ICT has the capacity and capability to influence the activities of estate surveyors and valuers in relation to their roles such that when properly exploited, a lot of dealings can be done at the comfort of the office giving room to carry out transactions with people in the outside world in safety and comfort.
KEYWORDS: information and communication technology, real estate surveyors, ICT Resources.
CHALLENGES OF REAL ESTATE AGENCY PRACTICE IN DAMATURU METROPOLIS, YOBE STATE
BABAGANA BUKAR1, BUSARI MARUPH ADEYEMI1, HUSSAINI ALHASSAN FUNTUA1, AND MOHAMMED DANLAMI INUWA2
1Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic P.M.B. 1006, Damaturu, Yobe State. 2Department of Estate Management and Valuation, School of Environmental Studies, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru.
Considering the importance of shelter in mans hierarchy of needs and the huge deficit that exists in the real estate sector in Nigeria, Estate Agents generally play a very important role in the socio-economic life of the country. The contemporary practice is generally open to “all comers” and entry and exit are at the sole discretion of the person. From the existing literature, only few researches were conducted in this very important aspect of the real estate profession. The data use for this research is obtained through oral and written interview which were conducted simultaneously. Field survey and inspections were undertaken throughout the area of the study. Samples of 25 respondents each was selected from the 5 sample frame using random sampling technique because their total number is not certain, purposive sampling technique was employed in getting the 15 Certified Estate Surveyors and Valuers operating within the study area. Part of the results shows that about 68% of the agents involve in gazumping and gazundering act, activities of the agents are not regulated by any recognised rule and about 65% of the agents involve in misrepresentation/false statement. It was recommended that the practice of the estate agents should be properly regulated, estate agents should have a good knowledge of the property market and there is need to enforce severe punishment to those agents involve in fraudulent or shoddy activities.
KEYWORDS: Agency, Challenges, Real Estate, Practice, Damaturu Metropolis.
CLIENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE QUALITY OF PROPERTY VALUATION REPORT IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
YUSUF ABDULMUTALLIB AND MUHAMMAD HASSAN
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Nuhu Bamalli Polytecnic, Zaria
The study examines clients’ perception of the quality of valuation reports in kaduna metropolis with a view to examining their satisfaction level and thus improving on the quality of the valuers’ reports. The survey method employ the use of self administered questionnaire coupled with interview to obtain the relevant data. A total of 15 Banks and 20 estate surveying and valuation firms were studied. Data collected were analyzed using tables and relative importance index. The result of the examination of 18 valuers’ reports in comparison with the standard expected shows that valuers’ reports were meeting the standard. The result also showed 53.3% of the banks are at least satisfied with overall contents of their valuation reports. However the examination of clients’ needs revealed that they would prefer to see more details on the reports. The result shows that “clients demands more information on the larger property market and valuation calculation to convince them on how the valuers arrived at the value; a portion stating the complexity of the market and the position of the property in the market; more emphases on the analytical aspects of the valuation and the estate surveyors and valuers should state how certain they are about the valuation figures”. The study concluded that there should be greater understanding between the clients and estate surveyors with respect to the needs of the clients in the area of valuation reports as well as greater understanding of the limitation of the value figure.
KEYWORDS: Property Valuation, Valuation Report, Quality, Clients, Estate Surveyors and Valuers
SUSTAINABLE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN WAZIRI UMARU FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BIRNIN KEBBI, KEBBI STATE
SULEIMAN HARUNA RASHEED1, OJEWOLA COMFORT KEHINDE2 AND UTANGE ZUNGWENEN JONATHAN3
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi. Kebbi State.
Sustainable Solid Waste Management in our communities and campuses posses a great challenge to Urban Managers and head of educational institutions. Several attempts has been made in managing waste generated in urban areas by city governments around the globe but little or no attention is given to campus solid waste management. This study examines Planning for sustainable solid waste management in Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi Kebbi State. A total of seventy nine (79) questionnaire were administered using stratified and systematic random sampling in the study areas . The major findings of this study revealed the absence of elaborate policy governing waste management within the polytechnic, lack of collection points where waste are supposed to be disposed properly, indiscriminately and lack of incinerators. Based on the findings the study recommends sustainable waste management practices by the provision of incineration at strategic locations within the polytechnic community.
KEYWORDS: Sustainable, Solid Waste, Management
ELLIPSOIDAL HEIGHTS FOR DIGITAL TERRAIN MODEL AND CONTOUR MAPPING OF BAUCHI METROPOLIS
MUHAMMAD S. KARDAM, ZAKARI DANLADI & SHU’AIBU UMAR
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal Polytechic Bauchi, Bauchi State
Dual Frequency Global Positioning System (DGPS) has emerged as a successful technology in providing precise positions of points on the surface of the earth over the reference ellipsoid with sub-metre level of accuracy. The end products of surveying with this receiver gives geodetic latitude (ϕ), geodetic longitude (λ) and ellipsoidal height (h) which are obtained with reference to the ellipsoid. This research involved the production of digital terrain model and contour map of Bauchi metropolis, Bauchi state. DGPS receiver was used to obtain the ellipsoidal heights of the study area. The ellipsoidal heights which are part of the geodetic/Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates obtained from DGPS was post processed using spectrum survey office Software. The digital terrain model and contour map were produced using ArcGIS 10.2.1 Software version. The statistical analysis of the result met the precision of second order geodetic control network. The result of the spearman correlation coefficient computed using geodetic latitude and geodetic longitude is 0.054 and the coefficient of determination 0.0029%. The result of the Z test computed (0.125) indicated that the measurements are precise at 5% confidence level. The reliability of the measurements of X and Y second order geodetic coordinates were computed at a scale of 1:5000 and found to be reliable at 5% confidence level. The digital terrain model and the contour map were produced at a scale of 1:60,000 and the contour lines were interpolated at 5m contour interval which represented the terrain configuration.
KEYWORDS: Ellipsoidal Heights, Orthometric heights, model and Manipulation
ERESIDENTS SATISFACTION WITH INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES IN FEDERAL LOW-COST HOUSING IN NORTH-WESTERN PARTS OF NIGERIA
1A. O. SALAWU, 2 Z.M. ZAIDU, 3 A.A YAKUB 4 J.A. AKEEM 5 & S.D. GIMBA
1,2,3&5Department of Estate Management and Valuation, College of Environmental Studies, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure, Nigeria 4 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, College of Environmental Studies, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure, Nigeria.
Even though the government of Nigeria has been making efforts at addressing housing problems, it has been generally noticed that most houses provided lacks infrastructural facilities. This paper examines the residents’ satisfaction on infrastructural facilities of a federal low-cost housing estate in the north-western part of Nigeria. Samples of 100 households were selected from the residents of federal low-cost housing in the study area. A five-point Likert scale was used to measure residents level of satisfaction. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and frequency analysis. The residents’ expressed satisfaction with the educational facilities, water supply, security, and electricity but were dissatisfied with the road networks, health facilities, drainage, and recreational facilities. To this end, the researchers recommended that the government should enhance the provision of necessary infrastructural facilities to ensure decent living in Federal Low-cost housing estates.
KEYWORDS: Residents, Satisfaction, Infrastructural Facilities, Low-Cost Housing, Location
COMPULSORY LAND AQUISITION AND COMPENSATION FOR DUAL CARRIAGE WAY IN BAUCHI
HAMISU ABDULKADIR NOMA & HAFSATU JIDERE BALA
Department of Estate Management & Valuaton, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The need for compulsory land acquisition and compensation of dual carriage way in Bauchi Metropolis could not be over emphasised, people’s property were compulsorily acquired for the overriding public interest, hence the need for the government to pay the affected property land owners adequately and as at when due. The study was aimed at identifying the problems associated with land acquisition and compensation of dual carriage way Murtala Muhammad Way, Bauchi.This was achieved through the following objectives: how efficient the land use Act was with respect to land acquisition and compensation to the affected properties owners in the study area, by Bauchi state government, mode of payment for compensation to affected properties owners and the problems accompanying the exercise of land acquisition and compensation. During the course of this study the design approach was questionnaires and personal interview, it can be deduced that through the use of questionnaires as technique for the data collection 10% of the respondent from the ministry and 90% of the respondent from the land owners. It was concluded that the Land Use ACT implementation in the state were not efficient,there were inadequacy in compensation payment and delay in compensation payment. The study recommended that the problems of public land acquisition and compensation specifically in urban areas where land are acquired in hurried nature for various government projects.
KEYWORDS: Compensation, Dual Carriage, Compulsory, Land Acquisition, Way.
WORKERS PERCEPTION OF WORKPLACE HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WORKS AND SERVICES DEPARTMENT IN THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, IDAH, NIGERIA
*ESAN, OLUSEGUN AKINTOMIDE, *KOKO, RICHARD AKPORO, **KOLAWOLE, OLAYIWOLA BASIRU ***ZUBAIRU AHMED
*Building Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah **Architecture Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah ***Quantity Surveying Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah
This study was on perception of workplace Health and Safety in a The Federal Polytechnic Idah, Nigeria from the perspective of Works and Services department’s staff. Questionnaire comprising issues of health and safety was used to seek works and services department staff perception on a likert scale of agreement 1 – 5. Result from the study shows that though the general workplace, that is, Health and Safety at Workplace with an average mean of 3.5 which is general environment(the campus as a whole) of the institution was acceptable it was inadequate, all other issues considered which were Workers Perception of workers consideration of Co-Workers’ Health and Safety with an average mean of 1.9, Perception of Supervisors Attitude to Workers Health and Safety with an average mean of 1.9, Management Concerned for Workers Health and Safety with an average mean of 2.2, Health and Safety and Program Polices Put in Place by Management with an average mean of 2.0 were not acceptable and inadequate. The study therefore suggests improvements in all the areas of inadequacies such as the production of an upgraded health and safety policy and training of members of staff towards safety first work attitude.
KEYWORDS: Perception, Workplace, Health and Safety
AN ASSESSMENT OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN DELIVERY OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS
OLALEYE YETUNDE OLANIKE1 AND SULAIMAN SALISU2
1&2Department of Quantity Surveying, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
The aim of this study is to establish the use and performance of supply chain management in delivery of construction materials in Nigerian construction industry, with objective that reviewed the concept of supply chain management (SCM) practice in the construction industry. The survey method was used Questionnaires were used to collect relevant information from different organizations. Out of the one hundred and twenty questionnaire that was randomly selected, fifty-four (87) responses were received which represented 72% collection. The result obtained was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This study has assessed Supply Chain Management (SCM) in delivery of construction materials in Kaduna metropolis and concluded that by order of priority use predictive analysis and machine learning, strategize outside your current boundaries, and improve your operating techniques among others are identified techniques of Supply Chain Management (SCM) in delivery of construction materials in Kaduna metropolis. The study recommends that Construction firms should adopt different techniques of Supply Chain Management (SCM) such as redesign, reconfiguration of the supply chain’s structure and control the coordination of supply chain.
KEYWORDS: Construction, Construction Firms, Materials, Stakeholders, Supply chain management
ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC FLOW AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES AT SELECTED ROAD INTERSECTIONS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS
ADEKANYE, EMMANUEL SUNDAY AND YAHAYA, MISTURA IYABO
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.
This study provides a pilot investigation into the assessment of traffic flow and management measures at selected road intersections in Ilorin metropolis. The study relies on both secondary and primary data for achievement of the aim of the study. A total number of 360 copies of questionnaires were administered using a purposive sampling technique. Three indices were developed for this study; these include Causes of Traffic bottleneck (CTBI), Effect of Traffic bottleneck (ETBI) and Effectiveness of Traffic Control Measures (ETCMI). The study established that Murtala/Amilegbe junction recorded the highest volume of traffic among the studied road intersections with 5829 vph and 5898 vph for morning and afternoon peaks respectively while motorcycles recorded highest average vehicle type (1701 vehicles) at the sampled junctions. The study observed that increase in population has the highest CTBI in the city with CTBI value of 4.06 and identified Lateness to work as the major effect posed by traffic congestion across the study area with ETBI value of 4.31. The study also revealed that Availability of law enforce agents is effective (ETCMI= 4.54). The study recommended Provision of CCTV at strategic locations and some problematic intersections in the City, encouragement of public/private partnership investment and operation of mass transit and provision of proper signalization i.e functional Electronically Control Traffic Device among others in the study area.
KEYWORDS: Transportation, Intersection, Traffic Flow, congestion, Traffic Control Measure, accessibility.
THE IMPACT OF MAGA DAM CONSTRUCTION ON THE DOWNSTEAM HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM, ECONOMY AND SECURITY: A CASE FOR KALA-BALGE AND NGALA LGAs, N. E. BORNO STATE, NIGERIA.
ABBAS, ADAM M. (PhD)
Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe-State, Nigeria.
The role of water resources in the economic development of a nation cannot be overemphasized. It constitutes the most important necessities to man. This study looks at the consequences/effects of the Maga Dam construction in the Republic of Cameroon on the development of the downstream areas of Kala-Balge and Ngala Local Government Areas of Borno State Nigeria. The negative effects result from drying of one of the richest sources of Nigerian rivers draining into the Lake Chad. It is called River El-beid and locally known as Ebeji which also forms the larger part of the border between Nigeria and Republic of Cameroon (along the two LGAs) for more than 400 km until Lake Chad. To arrive at results showing the magnitude of the effects, a household survey was conducted in the area 0-5 kilometers away from the boundary. A total of 150 households were considered for the interview survey. Field observation and in-depth interviews were also conducted on some stake holders. The results indicate that, economic activities such as farming, fishing, livestock, tourism, trade and transport/navigation, boat carving industries as well as problem of border porosity and security of the area and Nigeria at large have been affected, with resultant effect of poverty, forced out migration and social vices. It is recommended that, in order to restore the river to its normal state some of the waters of Surbewel should be channeled by construction of a navigable canal 0to River El-beid which could also be dyked through the assistance of Lake Chad Basin Commission and Chad Basin Development Authority (CBDA).
KEYWORDS: Water resource, Boundary, Dam, Downstream, Poverty, Lake Chad