INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH VOL. 7 NO.6 DEC-2018 ISSN: 2763-4216
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ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION: ALTERNATIVE FOR YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA
*DR. EMHENYA ANTHONY IYOHA AND **SONNY EKHORUGUE
*Department Of Public Administration, Samuel Adegboyega University, Ogwa, Edo State **Department Of Public Administration, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.
t is obviously clear that the acquisition of skills and knowledge is what empowerment that equipts one for successful work for a living. Lack of requisite skill causes of youth unemployment and societal vices such as, assassination, kidnapping, robbery, thuggery, cyber crimes, pipeline vandals and that the importance of educating youth on vocational training and functional education to eradicate poverty and global economic crises. Serious periodic orientation programmes should be organized at all level that will reoriented Nigerians mentality of white collar jobs and inculcate the culture of self-reliance. Provision of loan facilities should be made readily accessible to youths upon the competition of their entrepreneurship training programme to enable them to purchase equipment required by them to practice their skill.
KEYWORDS: Entrepreneurship, Education, panacea, youth, unemployment.
IMPACT OF LOCUS CONTROL ON JOB SATISFACTION AND JOB STRESS AMONG TEACHERS IN OSUN STATE, OSOGBO.
*OLONADE ZACCHEAUS OLUFUNMINIYI (PhD) *OMOTOYE OLUWATOBI OYEWUMI **OLUSESI, LATEEF DAMILARE *BAMIDELE DAMOLA ESTHER
Department of Human Resource Development, Osun State University. **Indutrial Relation and Personnel Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
he study examined the impact of locus of control on employee’s job satisfaction and job stress among teachers in Osun State. This was with a view to determining the contribution of locus of control to job satisfaction and job stress, by analyzing the relationship between locus of control and satisfaction among teachers in Osun State Nigeria. Relevant theoretical and empirical literature were reviewed. Primary data were used. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire having three scales including personal data. Four-hundred respondents randomly selected across the primary and secondary in Osun State were used for the study. These respondents cut across different cadres of employees of Osun State. Two hypotheses were tested and the results showed that there was a significant relationship between locus of control and employee’s job satisfaction at 0.05 level of significance (F(1, 398)= 143.485, P<0.05). The result also indicated that locus of control significantly predicted employee’s job stress (F(1, 398)= 37.062, P<0.05). The study concluded that locus of control has an impact on employee’s job performance and job stress among teachers of Osun State. The study therefore recommended that the ministry of education in Osun State has a duty to organize special training on locus of control for her workforce. Also, during recruitment, locus of control needs to be one of the factors to be measured. Furthermore, workers need to be exposed to the outside world which in turn will have an impact on their view of the world and thereafter enhance their locus of control.
KEYWORDS: Locus of control; Job Satisfaction; Job Stress; Teacher; Osun State.
UNIVERSITY EDUCATION AS A PANACEA FOR GLOBAL SECURITY AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*UMAR MUHAMMAD (PhD) **UMARU GARBA
*Departement for Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Department Of General Studies, the Polytechnic of Sokoto State, Nigeria
his Paper examined university education as a panacea for global security and socio-economic Development in Nigeria of the priority areas in developing higher education for socio-economic and national development, a challenge to education management in Nigeria. The need of global security has become the turning point in the international politics, and human security issues have been accepted both by policy makers and international institutions. University Education has been universally accepted as an instrument of change and potent tool for socioeconomic development. It is the only weapon yet known for the achievement of purposeful human development objectives in this era of technology driven world economic order. In coping with the demand of social change, University education in Nigeria has undergone series of changes in order to develop Nigeria’s economy and meet the aspirations of the citizenry. However, the changes in the system have become mere nomenclature as they have failed to produce the desired results in view of the contending issues that are left unresolved. Thus, inability of the Nigerian government to implement the articulated educational policies, insufficient access, and inadequate infrastructure, among other issues are inimical not only to the educational development but its attendant socioeconomic backwardness. Among the recommendations made More effort by the Federal government should be put in place to increase access to university education, by increasing the number of universities especially in the Northern Part of the country, Finally, It is recommended that universities should be adequately funded. By doing this Nigeria is capable of generating knowledge that can make vision 20:2020 a reality.
KEYWORDS: Education, Development, Global Security, Socio-economic, University.
TACKLING PROBLEMS OF BASIC EDUCATION IN THE NORTH EAST REGION OF NIGERIA
DR. AMINU SANI & CHRISPINA HASSAN GARBA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo
he paper discusses the methods of tackling problems of basic education in the North east Region of Nigeria. The paper discussed the concept of education using various definitions of Scholars, philosophy and goals of basic education which covered the foundation for the national policy on education, as a free and democratic society, a just and egalitarian society, a united, strong and self reliant nation, a great and dynamic economy and a land full of bright opportunities for all citizens. Also, the constitutional supports of basic education to Nigerian citizens. These covered the judgments of Federal high and supreme courts of Nigeria, on basic education for all eligible citizens, sections of the constitution that buttress the judgments of the apex and federal high courts, about basic education and the penalties against the right violation by parents and governments of either state or federation. Also, methods of tackling problems of basic education are contained in the paper, which include the funding of the programme, fight against corruption, review and improvement of the basic education curricular and training and retraining of teachers. The paper made a conclusion that guarantees and encourages the basic education in the region. Recommendations were advanced to the government, parents and education stakeholders.
KEYWORDS: Tackling, Problems, Basic Education, North East Region, Nigeria
AN ASESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING-LEARNING ACTIVITIES BY FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA
*PATRICK OGUGUA ABENGOWE, & **OHIANI MARY CLEMENT **ONYENWUZOR ASOLIMA FLORENCE **AKANDE MERCY FUNMILAYO
*Department of Travel and Tourism, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR), Bauchi Campus. **Department of Travel and Tourism, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR), Abuja.
he objective of this research work was to assess the level of effectiveness in the application of ICT in teaching-learning activities by Federal Universities in Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of all federal universities in Nigeria clustered in the six geo-political zones of the country. One federal university from each zone was randomly picked to form part of the sample. In all, six federal universities were selected to contain the sample size. Through the use of structured questionnaires administered to both lecturers and students of the selected federal universities, and by the responses obtained, it was discovered that the level of effective deployment of ICT in teaching-learning activities in Nigerian Federal Universities was still very low. A the end of the study, useful recommendations were made for effective teaching-learning activities through the use of ICT applications by the universities.
KEYWORDS: ICT, Teaching, Learning, Activities, Level
MULTIMEDIA AND ITS IMPACTS ON EDUCATION
ANTHONY ATIMA UMUKORO, JOSEPH OKORODUDU, KENNEDY EDINO
Department of Computer Science, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe
he world in which we live is changing rapidly, and the field of education is experiencing these changes in particular, as it applies to media services. The days of having isolated audio-visual department in educational institution are long gone and growth in use of multimedia within the educational sector has accelerated in recent years, thereby set looks for continued expansion in future. This research work however aimed at explaining the meaning of multimedia, its background of study and some of its objectives, more also consist a review of multimedia, its important merit and demerit. However the discussion on the element of multimedia and multimedia as a tool for learning was not left out. Multimedia in learning can be said to be combination of different forms of media such as text, graphics, video, sound etc in the process of learning and research finding.
KEYWORDS: Multimedia, Graphics, Audio-Visual, Sound
THE NEED FOR ICT IN ADULT EDUCATION FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
ANDREW ITODO AND OJO OLUWASESAN
*Department of Computer Science, Umar Ibn Elkanemi College of Education Science and Technolgy, P. O. Box, 16, Bama, Borno State, Nigeria.
he thrust of the study was to examine the need of ICT in Adult Education for socio-economic development in Borno state. In this light, the study adopted questionnaire method for data collection, simple frequency distribution and percentage rate were used to analyse the collected data from schools. The study investigated the level of introduction of ICT in Adult education and its benefits to individuals and societies for sustainable development. The study revealed that the use and introduction of ICT in adult education is less but it was ascertained that ICT contributes a lot in human endeavors. The study suggested that there is need for adult educators and special education specialists to collaborate to develop ICT literacy primers, e-learning and distance education programmes, assistive technology and therapy services for adults within the community. This will enable learning take place in the life of these individuals, ICT integration to adult education should be emphasised, fully recognized and have affordable physical structures, facilities and resource materials readily available to most adult education centres in Maiduguri, the adults should be sensitized on the need of adult education for socio-economic development and not just to promote their salary scheme in their place of work as this study revealed and finally, there is need for an uninterrupted electricity / power supply situation in Nigeria so that there will be opportunities for significant improvements and increase in ICT awareness among the rural and urban dwellers.
KEYWORDS: ICT, Adult, Education, Socio-Economic, Development, Maiduguri
IMPACT OF SOME DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES ON ACADEMIC NEEDS ACHIEVEMENT AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF TWO NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES: COUNSELING IMPLICATIONS.
ARDO MAJI ALIYU
School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
he study investigated the impact of some demographic variables on academic needs achievement among undergraduates’ students of two Nigeria universities: counseling implication. A total number of 375 samples were selected from the two universities with the help of Krejcie and Morgan table. Out of which 45 males and 35 females are from faculty of education, Ahmadu Bello University and 60 males and 53 females from faculty of education, University of Ibadan. 12 males and 9 females from faculty of pharmacy, Ahmadu Bello University and 41 males and 45 females from faculty of pharmacy, university of Ibadan. 18 males and 17 females from faculty of law, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria and 18 males and 20 females from faculty of pharmacy, university of Ibadan were selected. Three research question and three hypotheses were rejected while one was retained. The instrument used to gather data was Academic Needs Achievement Scales (ANAS) developed by Bakari. T-test, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question and the hypothesis raised for the study. The result revealed that location of the school has impact on academic needs achievement of students also there is significant difference between the academic needs achievement of male and female undergraduate students of various age group, it also reported no significant difference between the academic needs achievement of students in faculty of education, law and pharmacy. It was recommended that school environment and location should be a kind that will facilitate teaching and learning processes under a good atmospheric condition.
KEYWORDS: Teachers, Mother Demographic Variables, Impact, Universities, Counselling, Achievement
EDUCATION FOR SELF RELIANCE: AS A TOOLS FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF EDUCATION AGENDA
*TIJANI SULEMAN OLATUNJI **ALHASSAN AISHA *DAMISAH MARY ANNE
*Department of Humanities and Social Science, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi. **Department of Public Administration, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi
Education for Self Reliance (ESR) was the most important educational principle, which presented the educational philosophy of Nigeria. The purpose of ESR was to set down principles of education, which would serve as a revolutionary influence in the creation of the new social society. ESR is about gaining self-independence, responsibility and democratic involvement; it is education, which is meant to liberate individual from over-reliance. However, the extent to which education in most African countries like Nigeria has been able to meet its objectives in terms of creating a sense of independence is still speculative. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the general aims of Education for Self Reliance and to highlight Nyerere’s recommendations for the policy of Education for Self Reliance with reference to Nigeria. The recommendations include the following: education should be of relevance to the society; educated individual must serve the society, education must be problem solving and education must be work oriented. Under these self-reliance educational provisions, Nyerere comprehensively presents the direction that education should be able to take for countries like Nigeria. Overall, this paper provides a framework upon which tenets of education for self-reliance can be applied in today’s education policy formulation and design of practical-oriented education systems in Africa developing economies.
KEYWORDS: Education for Self-Reliance (ESR), Julius Kambarage Nyerere, Nigeria Education Policy, Education systems in Africa, Aims of education for self reliance, Vocational education, Practical education, Nigeria philosophy of education
TEACHER QUALITY: IT’S ROLE IN STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES
Department of Curriculum and Instructions, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
he paper discussed the teacher quality: Its role in student learning outcome. It examined the factors that can make student learning outcome be better, and such as teacher qualification, teacher characteristics, teacher practices and teacher effectiveness. Also,what teacher quality means was discussed. Conclusion was made that it is not possible to give what he doesn’t have. Recommendations were made, that Government and policy makers should ensure that school across the country are provided with adequate qualified teachers in promoting good student learning outcome, among others.
KEYWORDS: Teacher, quality, student, learning, outcome, roles
CORRUPTION IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI Ph.D
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER).
orruption is the illegitimate use of power to benefit a private interest and can be in form of giving a bribe to an official so that the truth will not be told. It involves the embezzlement of public fund for personal use and any act which is considered to be criminal act according to the law of a particular society. Corruption is potent cancer that has eaten deep into Nigerian economy including the tertiary education institutions. Higher education comprises all post-secondary education, training and research guidance at education institutions such as universities polytechnics and colleges of education and other innovation centers. Corruption has negatively affected the performance of the core roles of teaching, research and community development of higher education in Nigeria. The study sought to ascertain how lack of infrastructural facilities promote corruption in higher education in Nigeria, to what extent lack of concern for students’ welfare stimulates corruption in higher education in Nigeria, related poor state of academic standard to corruption in higher education in Nigeria and investigated the extent to which moral decadence is related to corruption in higher education in Nigeria. Typical examples of corruption in higher education in Nigeria were outlined while causes and effects of corruption were narrated. Recommendations to remove or at least minimize corruption in Nigeria were also offered.
KEYWORDS: Corruption, Higher education, Causes, Effects, Nigeria.
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES IN YOBE STATE
PROFESSOR ALICE KYAUTA JAUNI MUSA1 UMAR ADAMU MAINA2 ALHAJI SALELE MOHAMMED3
his study investigated inclusive education practices as it affects students with disabilities in Yobe state. The study involved twenty five teachers in regular primary schools and twenty five Ministry of Education staff in Yobe State Nigeria. Two research questions were formulated. Descriptive survey was used for the study. Scheduled interview was also used to gather data. The study revealed that there are potential barriers to inclusionary practices in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Inclusive Education, Students’ with Disabilities, Regular teachers, Ministry of Education Staff.
PERCEIVED EFFECT OF SEX PREFERENCE ON GIRL-CHILD DROPOUT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
HADIZA BELLO (P.hD)
Department Of Educational Psychology, School Of Education, Federal College Of Education, Zaria
his study focused on the perceived effect of sex preference on girl child drop out in Kaduna Metropolis of Kaduna State. Two research objectives, questions and hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The study was carried out in some selected senior secondary schools in Kaduna Metropolis of Kaduna State. The population of the study was girls in some selected senior secondary schools in Kaduna Metropolis with a population of one thousand, three hundred (1,300) students, three hundred and sixty (360) teachers and a cross section of parents purposively within the study area. Three hundred and seventy-three (373) participated formed the sample for the study. The self developed instrument titled “Influence of Sex Preference on Girl-Child Dropout in Secondary Schools” questionnaire (ISPGCDOS) was used for data collection. The research instrument was validated by five experts in Educational Psychology, faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State. The Cronbach Alpha was used to test the consistency of the instrument and reliability co-efficient of .821 was obtained. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to discuss the descriptive data, while one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and independent t-test were used to test the hypotheses developed for the study. The study revealed that, there was significant difference between the perception of parents, teachers and students on influence of sex preference on girl-child dropout in senior secondary schools in Kaduna metropolis. However, there was no significant difference between the perception of male and female respondents on the influence of sex preference on girl-child dropout in senior secondary schools in Kaduna metropolis. Thus, it was recommended that, parents should be sensitized by the government and other stakeholders on the importance of girls’ education so as to understand their role and involvement in their girl’s child education this will go a long way in reducing the rate of dropout resulting of unwanted pregnancy, socio-economic status among other; Every school should be mandated by the government to organize general parent meeting to enable the parents to meet teachers and discuss problem affecting their girl’s education due to sex preference that eventually leads to dropout. These parents should be advised on the need to motivate and encourage their child girls to remain in school among others.
KEYWORDS: Sex Preference, Girl-child, Education and Dropout
AVAILABILITY AND INTERNET USE BY THE STUDENTS OF ZAMFARA COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, GUSAU
MUHAMMAD TUKUR JANYAU
Department of History, Zamfara College of Arts and Science, Gusau
he paper aimed at assessing the availability and Internet use by students of Zamfara College of Arts and Science. The specific objectives of the paper are to; examine the frequency of Internet usage by the students, compare the use of Internet for educational and the non-educational purposes by Students, examine the relationship between availability of Internet and frequency of Internet use by the students of Zamfara College of Arts and Science.. Using the survey method of research, a 15-item questionnaire was distributed to three hundred students’ participants drawn from six different programs, namely Diploma in Arts, Diploma in Sciences, Diploma in Social Sciences, IJMB, Consultancyand Remedial programs. Population of the study comprised all students in the College. Stratified sampling and systematic random sampling technique was used to select the respondents from the population. Data gathered was analyzed and presented through the use of the inferential statistic, using chi-square test. Findings showed that there is significant relationship between availability of Internet and frequency of Internet use by the students. The second finding revealed that there is significant difference between the use of Internet for educational and non-educational purposes by the students of the College. The study further indicated that only 40% of the students use internet for educational purpose. The study also revealed that 4.72% respondents had no Internet access at all. Although effort was made by the College and NITDA to provide Internet facilities, but these facilities are inadequate to meet the growing demand of the students.
KEYWORDS: Student, Availability, Science, Art, Internet.
FAMILY BACKGROUND AND PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS’ READING SKILLS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA.
*DR. WORDU, ESTHER CHINEDU (Ph D) **IWOWARI ANN IBIBA CHINTUO (Ph D) ***ODIGIE, APRIL OBEHIOYE
*Department Of Early Childhood Care And Education, Federal College Of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State, **Faculty Of Education, National Open University Of Nigeria, Port Harcourt Study Centre, Rivers State ***School Of Health Information Management, University Of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State.
eading is the pride of the educated. It is the action which speaks louder than voice in the world of education. The family exerts on the child at the most impressionable time of his life when his mind is most receptive of reading skills. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided this study. The design of the study is survey research. The population of the study comprised of all the 4,000 Nursery three pupils in Rivers State. The sample of the study comprised 400 pupils drawn from the population of the study, using simple random technique. The instrument used for the study was the researchers-structured questionnaire, titled Pupils’ Reading Skills Test (PRST). It was face validated by three experts. Cronbach alpha was used to compute the reliability of the instrument which had a reliability index of 0.74. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and t-test statistics to test the hypotheses. The findings of this study confirmed there existed significant influences of parental educational qualification and level of income while there existed no significant influence of family size on the pupils’ reading skills. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that Parents should try to minimize the impacts of low income on their children and that every large family should be able to cater for all the children so that no child lags behind in reading skills. In consonance with the recommendations, the educational implications were stated that caregivers have to ensure that no gap is created among children from the different family background since reading is a foundation in educational attainment. Also, caregivers should provide parents with the information on how to develop reading skills of their children in order to equip the pre-primary pupils with the necessary reading skills to succeed in later life.
KEYWORDS: Family, Background, Pre-Primary, Reading, Skills.