INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
VOL. 6 NO.3 (IJECM) SEPTEMBER, 2018
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THE IMPACT OF MAGA DAM CONSTRUCTION ON THE DOWNSTEAM HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM, ECONOMY AND SECURITY: A CASE FOR KALA-BALGE AND NGALA LGAS, N. E. BORNO STATE, NIGERIA.
ABBAS, ADAM M. (PhD)
Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe-State, Nigeria.
The role of water resources in the economic development of a nation cannot be overemphasized. It constitutes the most important necessities to man. This study looks at the consequences/effects of the Maga Dam construction in the Republic of Cameroon on the development of the downstream areas of Kala-Balge and Ngala Local Government Areas of Borno State Nigeria. The negative effects result from drying of one of the richest sources of Nigerian rivers draining into the Lake Chad. It is called River El-beid and locally known as Ebeji which also forms the larger part of the border between Nigeria and Republic of Cameroon (along the two LGAs) for more than 400 km until Lake Chad. To arrive at results showing the magnitude of the effects, a household survey was conducted in the area 0-5 kilometers away from the boundary. A total of 150 households were considered for the interview survey. Field observation and in-depth interviews were also conducted on some stake holders. The results indicate that, economic activities such as farming, fishing, livestock, tourism, trade and transport/navigation, boat carving industries as well as problem of border porosity and security of the area and Nigeria at large have been affected, with resultant effect of poverty, forced out migration and social vices. It is recommended that, in order to restore the river to its normal state some of the waters of Surbewel should be channeled by construction of a navigable canal 0to River El-beid which could also be dyked through the assistance of Lake Chad Basin Commission and Chad Basin Development Authority (CBDA).
KEYWORDS: Water resource, Boundary, Dam, Downstream, Poverty, Lake Chad
INFLUENCE OF INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA AS A CITIZEN WELLBEING STRATEGY
MUHAMMAD UMAR BELLO1, SANI IBRAHIM AKUYAM1, MUHAMMAD USMAN ADEKUNLE1, AHMAD IBRAHIM KUNA1, IBRAHIM IDRIS1.
1Department of Estate Management & Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, PMB 0248, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This paper highlights the strategic importance and influence of infrastructural development to the residential property development in Nigeria. Property development is a medium for creation of wealth in may diverse units. Conceptual framework of this study coin two main variables of the research; infrastructure and residential property. It was shown that there is relationship between residential property development and infrastructural development such as access road, town hall, tarred road, health care facility, electricity and un-interrupted water supply General wellbeing of citizens is paramount for stable political stability of a nations. Development needs strategies in order to go a long way of making the environment ideal for social, economic activities and other activities that human engage, properties in the context of real estate. Design and material used in project development are associated with the quality of property. Even though some literature revealed many studies that attached significance to design and building materials. It is imperative to coin infrastructures with other aspect of environmental development. Citizen wellbeing should be the prime target of government most especially in the aspect of housing development to enable the 18 million housing deficit to be provided. The study concluded that residential developments are the most critical for the overall development. It was also concluded that public private partnership should be encouraged to provide housing for all.
KEYWORDS: Residential, Wellbeing, Infrastructural, Strategy, Development.
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO ECOMIC DETERMINANTS OF HOUSE OWNERSHIP IN GOMBE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, GOMBE STATE
UMAR YUSUF ABDULLAHI, DR. ADAM MODU ABBAS & ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI
Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe.
This research provides empirical information on the level of house ownership among the residents of Gombe Local Government Area. Hence, house ownership status, demographic and socio-economic factors influencing ownership status of dwelling unit, as well as mode of owning a house were observed. 396 household heads were interviewed. Simple random and systematic sampling techniques were used to obtain streets and houses samples. Descriptive statistics and qualitative techniques were used to analyze data obtained from the field. Results show high proportion of house owners in Gombe L.G.A but majority of them live in houses inherited from their family hence, most of them are low income earners. Further demographic results show high number of males house owners which are mainly Fulani’s by tribe and majority of them are civil servants with low educational qualification and most of them belief in Islamic religion and almost all of them are married. The study recommends that: government and philanthropies should improve income of low income earners, women awareness and empowerment is needed to improve their house ownership status through purchase/construction, more awareness campaign is needed on the issue of segregation, effective government intervention on housing scheme is also recommended and lastly government should encourage formal education to higher levels in the study area.
KEYWORDS: demographic, socio economic and house ownership.
INFLUENCE OF CENTRIFUGAL WATER PUMPS AND PIPE TUNNELING DEVICES ON SURFACE WATER ENERGY RESOURCES UTILIZATION: PANACEA TO HERDSMEN/FARMERS DEVASTATING HULLABALOO IN NIGERIA
*ADAMU BABA ABDULLAHI PH.D AND **ADAMU DAVID AHMED
*Department of Geography, FCT College of Education Zubz-Abuja **Department of Agricultural & Economics & Farm Management, Federal University of Technology Minna, P.M.B 65 Minna
This paper examine the influence of centrifugal water pumps and pipe tunneling devices on surface water energy resources utilization as panacea to herdsmen versus farmers devastating hullabaloo in Nigeria. The objectives of the study among others are to investigate the directions or locations where these herdsmen come from. Examine the rate of attacks on farmers, examine the reasons for transhumant from far Northern Nigeria and beyond to the Middle belt and Southern part of Nigeria and to suggest ways by which the movement can be eradicated or reduced to some level. The study covers states like Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, Kaduna, Adamawa, Plateau and Zamfara States of Nigeria. Where more than three to four thousand people were recently killed between 2012-2018. Underground pipelines and centrifugal pumps were suggested to store water and later pump to far North to facilitate vegetal growth and surface water availability during the peak of dry season to mitigate mass movement of herdsmen with their cattle to the Middle belt and Southern Nigeria. Multi-stage sample techniques was employed in the selection of area under attack by the herdsmen. Dickey-fuller Test of Multivariate Regression Model were applied and the experimental investigation shall result into herdsmen/farmers friendships by having a positive correlation of 2.788441 at 5% degree of significance at 95% degree of confidence.
KEYWORDS: Centrifugal water pumps, Pipe Tunneling Device, Surface Water Energy Resources Utilization, Herdsmen Farmers Devastating Hullaballoo, Nigeria
MAPPING RAINFALL TREND ANALYSIS IN RELATION TO FLOOD YEARS WITHIN KADUNA METROPOLIS
OLADUNNI OYETOLA OPATOYINBO1 AND MAMMAN SABA JIBRIL PH.D2
1Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria. 2Department of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria.
Flooding phenomenon has become most frequent environmental menace that adversely affects the well-being of resident in Kaduna metropolis in the recent years. Kaduna metropolis has been experiencing urban flooding since the last three decades. The most recent flooding in the year 2000s have been alarming. This paper aimed at analyzing the rainfall characteristics of Kaduna metropolis in order to analyze peak rainfall periods and the peak rainfall flood years. Rainfall data for 58 years (1959 – 2016), as recorded in Kaduna South Meteorological station located closed to River Kaduna was used since the devastating flooding experience mainly occurred along the axis. The study employed exploratory method such as percentages and descriptive approach to analyze the seasonality data and the flood years data within the 58 years (1959 – 2016). The result revealed that 32.76% % peak rainfall years were flood years while 62.24%of the peak rainfall periods were not flood years. From this study, it could therefore be inferred that, increased or extreme peak rainfall value could not be the main reason for flood years.
KEYWORDS: Trends, Flooding, Peak Rainfall Data, Peak Rainfall Years, Flood Years
IMPACTS OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE ON PROPERTY VALUES IN KADUNA NORTH LGA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
SADIYA DANJUMA1, AMOS DANLADI 2, HARUNA AHMADU2 AND MUSA MUSTAPHA DANRAKA3
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 3Department of Architectural Technology, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
An important indicator of the status of any urban area is the state of its infrastructure. Apart from being a major pointer of environmental quality, urban infrastructure is a critical agent for socio-economic development of any area. This paper therefore studied the state of urban infrastructure and its impacts on property values in Kaduna State with particular focus on Kaduna North Local Government Area. The sources of data for this study was primary source of data and secondary source of data where relevant literatures were reviewed and the study also employed the use of structured questionnaires administered on sample size of 200 residents in the area. The data collected were analyzed with simple descriptive statistics. The study revealed that the provision of infrastructure added value to the properties within the area. Some parts of the local government suffering from poor infrastructural facilities command lower property values. It is recommended that government in partnership with the private should earnestly embark on the provision, rehabilitation and maintenance of the facilities to enhance social life and property values within the area
KEYWORDS: Environmental quality, Property values, Public-private partnership, Rental values, Urban infrastructure.
AN ASSESSMENT OF ROAD TRANSPORT FACILITIES ALONG AHMADU BELLO WAY, KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA
1BABA, EZEKIEL BAHAGO; 2SILAS, DEBORAH DAVID (MRS.)
1Urban and Regional Planning Department, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna; 2Department of Research and Statistic, Kaduna State Urban Planning and Development Authority (KASUPDA) Head Office, Ahmadu Bello Way, Kaduna
With the ever-growing nature of traffic on roads in the global urban centers, there is hardly any urban area that can function efficiently and effectively without adequate, reliable, safe and affordable road transport facilities. The study aims at assessing the road transport facilities of the Ahmadu Bello Way with the view of giving recommendation for improvement in the area. The study uses ARCGIS 10.0 Software model in accessing the raster image of the study area while GPS was also used to establish the ground conditions and the coordinate of the road transport facilities in the area. At the end of the study, it was revealed that the road transport facilities in the area are inadequate. Given that the expected number of the road transport facilities in the study area was expected to be 832 facilities only 5.53% of these facilities are in the study area giving the shortfall of 786 facilities. This comprises of bus-stop shade having the shortfall of 56 numbers of it facilities, bus-stops having the shortfall of 52 facilities. Round-about, street light and tricycle stop on the other hand have shortfall of 55, 32 and 58 respectively. Nevertheless, U-turns has a 176 shortfall of its facilities in the study area. As a result of the outcome of the study, the following recommendation were given; the need for the federal and state government to make more provision for road transport facilities in the area to ease traffic flows; there is need for the provision of road transport facilities in accordance to the established requirements of this study so as to avoid shorted in the area; State and local government in control of the study area should encourage public-private participation in the provision of road transport facilities to encourage acceptability of government projects in the area; there is also need for enlightenment campaign for road users on the need to obey road transport signs; and effort should be made to repair grounded road transport facilities and also existing ones should be properly maintained by the agencies that are responsible for the control and management of road transport facilities.
KEYWORDS: Road Transport Facilities, Its Adequacies, Ahmadu Bello Way
ASSESSMENT OF INTERDEPENDENCIES OF RELATED MUNICIPAL SERVICES IN MAIDUGURI TOWN.
ABDULLAHI BABAGANA AND BABAGANA DUNGUS
Dept of Urban and Regional Planning, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri
This paper is focused on the dimensions of dependency of related services in Maiduguri town. Services are important elements for the survival of the city, analysing the way they relate and depend on themselves as a system in the city is of paramount importance as well. Literatures have shown how the effectiveness of one service boost the effectiveness of one or more other services and if, one of the services in the relationship circle faults it will result to a negative outcome on the other, whereby having devastating consequences on the city. A spearman’s rho correlation was run for the collected data which reveals that between water supply, electricity supply and waste water management services, there is a moderate positive relationship which is effective and is an asset for the town. On the other hand, it also reveals that, between fire service, water supply and telephone/internet there is a weak relationship signifying inefficiency and can lead to deterioration and reduction of environmental quality. Based on this, recommendations such as prioritising service provision, creation of city government, creation of a one-stop-shop, slum upgrading and preparation of development plan for the town are suggested.
KEYWORDS: Municipal, Assessment, Maiduguri Town, Service, Interdependencies
IMPACT OF BADNEIGHBOURSON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUE IN YELWAN TUDU NEIGHBOURHOOD BAUCHI, BAUCHI STATE (A CASE STUDY OF ANGUWAN NGAS)
HAFSAT JIDERE BALA AND HAMISU ABDULKADIR NOMA
Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The study was carried out to determine the impact of bad neighbours on residential property value in the study area. A total of 62 men and women were randomly selected to be the respondents of the study. A set of two questionnaires were designed to collect primary data from respondents about their perception on the impact of bad neighbours on property value. The overall findings of the study indicates that unkempt yards, poorly maintained exteriors, foul odours and undesirable businesses are the most prevalent factors that majority of the practicing Estate Surveyors/Valuers and the tenants/landlords said to have affected property value. From the analysis carried out, these factors have a statistically negative effect on the residential property value in the study area. The Estate Surveyors/Valuers should provide investors with a reliable data base and performance measurement.
KEYWORDS: Residential property, Bad Neighbours, Property value determinants
THE IMPACT OF GEO-INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE DELIVERY
ISHAYA GOJE MUSA1, SOLOMON DYACHIA ZAKKA2, ABDULKADIR BABALE LAWAL3
1Department of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria 3Department of Quantity Surveying, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria
The environmental impact on human health is important. According to WHO 2013, environmental hazards are responsible for about 25% of the total burden of disease worldwide and nearly 35% applies to Africa. They also asserted that, millions of deaths would have been avoided if our environment had been healthier and some of the environmental problems that affect human health are properly address through the use of an effective and robust technology. In recent years, there is no doubt that technology has made a significant impact in the medical world. Advancements range from those that improve the comfort of many patients to those that extend their lives. Perhaps one of the most interesting technologies that has emerged onto the scene is one meant to more efficiently address geographical links to illnesses: Geo-information systems, or Geographic Information System (GIS). This paper therefore highlights the role of Geo-information technology in healthcare delivery and advanced some far reaching recommendations for effective management of healthcare services.
KEYWORDS: Geo-Information, technology, applications, medical science, healthcare.
COMPUTER OPTIMISATION MODEL FOR CONSTRUCTION PROJECT SCHEDULE COMPRESSION.
ENU JAMES DIBANG1; IBRAHIM ALIYU MAKARFI1; PROF. MSHELGARU ISA HASSAN2; IBRAHIM, AHMED ADE1
1 Department of Building, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria 2Department of Building, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria
A project cannot be successful until all its constraints all fully satisfied including time and cost; not being able to satisfy these constraints leads to time and cost overrun. Project Schedule Compression focuses mainly on producing a model that can be used by project management professionals to crash any Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) project successfully by achieving reduction in the Total Project Duration and Cost with less computational ambiguity over existing models. A mathematical model was designed using Linear Programming and a flowchart was produced to show how it was executed in a computer environment using Lingo software. A case example of a single-storey residential building project having 46-activities and a total of 181 days was used to test the model. The project was crashed five times from 181 to 171 to 161 to 151 to 141 and finally to 131 days. From the results, the project least-cost duration was attained at 141 days representing 22.1 percent reduction in time and 1.97 percent reduction in cost.
KEYWORDS: Computer Optimisation, Construction, Crashing, Linear Programming, Modelling, Schedule Compression.