INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH
VOL 6 NO.6 (IJCER) SEPTEMBER, 2018
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AUGUSTINE’S EDUCATIONAL PRAXIS AS A STUDENT
Prof. KANU Ikechukwu Anthony, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State.
This work has studied Augustine’s experiences as a student, beginning from the time of his rudimentary education at home, under the tutelage of his mother, through the periods of his basic education in Thagaste and his studies at the University of Carthage. However, by 373, Augustine had completed his studies at Carthage and thus marked the end of his student years, not minding that his quest for wisdom and knowledge continued until his death. The purpose of engaging in this study is to help students drink from the experiences of Augustine as a student. Augustine had his share of difficulties, distractions, likes and dislikes; and these are for the leadership of every student who aspires for greatness. For the purpose of this study, the historical method of inquiry was adopted.
KEYWORDS: Augustine, Student, Educational, Praxis, Thagaste, Carthage, Madaura.
EDUCATION AS AN INDISPENSABLE TOOL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT IN THE SUB-SAHARA REGION
*GODFREY JOHN AND **KALURI AYUBA
*Department of Educational Foundation and Curriculum, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria **Ganjuwa Local Education Authority, Bauchi State
This paper examines the education as an indispensable tool for future development. The paper believes that the society has seen major transformations, from which the new methods and models of the modern educational system have resulted. The relationship between the individual and society becomes more complex via education, as the individual gains the capability to make contributions that would balance the benefits of his living among other individuals. The future scenarios of the political, social, cultural and economic sectors will depend on the contributions of the students of our schools today. More than ever before, education must be visionary and future-oriented, in the face of stunning scientific and technological innovations and changes, unprecedented socio-economic challenges and opportunities, surprising socio-political reforms, and amazing cultural reawakening. In rethinking education to cope with rapid changes at the threshold of the twenty-first century, innovation, technology, and research are indispensable tools of education. Educational innovations are imperative, and would no doubt be effective if they are research-based and imbued with technology of education (i.e. systematic approach to the teaching-learning process); and technology in education (e.g. use of hardwares and softwares).
KEYWORDS: Education, Future, Sub-Sahara, Development, Region.
NEEDED SKILLS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MATHEMATICS FOR TRANSFORMATION AGENDA IN THIRD WORLD COMMUNITIES.
*SULAI, ERASMUS IBRAHIM **MARY E. SULAI ***AYUBA KALURI
*School of Basic and Remedial Studies, Gombe State University, Gombe. **Department of Education, Gombe State University, Gombe. ***Ganjuwa Local Education Authority, Bauchi State
This paper examined the needed skills for effective teaching and learning of Science, Technology and Mathematics (STM) education for transformation agenda in third world communities. National development can be enhanced through technological advancement and industrial diversification in third world communities. The paper highlighted some skills that will improve teaching and learning of STM. Challenges of transformation in third world communities were discussed. Recommendations were made so as to bring transformation in third world communities. Among the recommendations were teaching and learning strategies that allow learners to participate actively in the class. Also curriculum planners for STM should provide appropriate, relevant and functional curricula for third world communities.
KEYWORDS: Learning, Transformation, Skill, Teaching, Science Technology, Mathematics
PSYCHOLOGICAL SOURCES, LEVEL OF STRESS AND COPING STRATEGIES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN POTISKUM, YOBE STATE.
- AH MAD TAHIR A DAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Federal Yobe State University, Damaturu.
The study was undertaken to examine perceived sources and level of stress among secondary school students in Potiskum, Yobe Stale. It also examined stress coping strategies of these students. The sample was made up of 160 students from 15 secondary’ schools across Potiskum local government. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Data was collected through a self-designed instrument tagged ‘Stress among Students Questionnaire’ (SSQ). A test-retest method of reliability was used and a reliability coefficient of 0.83 was got using the Pearson product moment correlation. The data collected were analysed using percentage and frequency. The study revealed that performance in school, tests and examinations, interaction with classmate/schoolmates, balancing leisure time with school, change in social activities and interaction with teachers were the most prevalent sources of stress among secondary school students. Also, above 70% of the respondents reported that they were stressed. The study further revealed that the main strategy for coping with stress among students was maintaining cordial relationship with friends and people around. It was therefore recommended that school administrators should introduce stress management programmes that will train students on strategies to cope with stress.
KEYWORDS: Student, Psychological Source, Strategies, Secondary School, Stress
THE CHALLENGES OF LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
ARDO MAJI ALIYU
School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This paper examines the challenges of Leadership in education and national development in Nigeria. It also identifies, discusses and analyses the concepts of leadership, theories of leadership, Maslows hierarchy of needs, Mc Gregor’s theory X and Y, Maccoby’s theory of leadership and the theory of managerial grid. The paper shows the bane of our national development, reforming education in the 21st century with these lingering issues such as lack of funding, lack of adequate planning, over emphasis on certification, incessant strikes and faulty policy implementation. The paper also touches on conclusion, recommendation and good exemplary leadership brings about good governance form part of the study.
KEYWORDS: challenges, leadership, education, national development, Nigeria.
CAUSES OF EXAMINATION MISCONDUCT AMONG POST-GRADUATE STUDENTS IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES
ASOJO CLARA KEHINDE
Department of Hospitality, NIHOTOUR North-East Bauchi Campus
Causes of examination misconduct prevailing at the post-graduate students level in Nigeria. Accusing fingers have been pointed at teachers, principals, parents and invigilators as being agents of examination misconduct. In order to stop the apparent intractability of the crime, it is necessary to identify the role of these agents. A sample consisted of 100 post-graduate students of ATBU Bauchi/BUK Kano, randomly selected to complete 80 items questionnaires based on the type of examination misconduct and their cause were administered. Fifty (50) were actually completed and returned. Data collected were analyzed, that proportion of students who were engaged in examination misconduct was higher than the number of students who are not involved. The implication of this is that if nothing drastic is done, the quality of education in Nigeria will lose its value and will not be able to compete globally with time. Recommendation based on a pre-admission test like JAMB regulation registration evaluated skills and readiness of the students learning should be given adequate attention. It was also suggested that a conducive and enabling environment should be provided for the students, to face all examinations with confidence that they can pass without misconduct.
KEYWORDS: examination, misconduct, post-graduate students, parents and enabling environment.
PRESS GAGGING IN DEMOCRATIC NIGERIA (MAY, 2015- APRIL, 2018): THE RELEVANCE OF HISTORY EDUCATION
*ONIFADE, VICTORIA BOSEDE AND **ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY
⃰Department of Psychology Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State; **Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
This paper discusses the relationship between history and national development. It also examines the freedom of the press in Nigeria since the assumption of office of President Buhari. It ex-rays some cases of overt and covert suppression of the press by agents and institutions of government in Nigeria. The study is based on the foundations of the Agenda Setting and Priming theories. Using a historical approach, the study suggests that the present government and ruling party live in fear of receiving the treatment which it meted out to its predecessor on its journey to electoral victory. Therefore, it attempts to exercise firm control of media operations. It concludes that the cases of press gagging experienced under the present administration arose because we failed to learn from history. It makes a case for the reintroduction of history as a compulsory subject in all our educational curricula.
KEYWORDS: History, Education, Press Gagging, Nigerian Democracy.
BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC COMPUTER SKILLS AT COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN THE NORTH-EASTERN NIGERIA
Business Education Department, School of Undergraduate Studies, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This paper investigated Business Education Students’ Performance in the Achievement Test in Basic Computer Skills among NCE 300 level business education students in Colleges of Education in the North-Eastern Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was used in the study. The population of the study consisted of 651 NCE 300 level students drawn from seven Colleges of Education. 242 students were selected as the sample using proportionate sampling technique. Business Education Students’ Achievement Test in Basic Computer Skills (BESATBCSs) was the instrument used in collecting data for the study. The instrument was pilot tested and a reliability coefficient of 0.72 was obtained using split-half method. Data collected were analyzed using mean statistic. Findings from the study revealed that Business Education students were exposed to three computer training courses as stipulated by the NCE curriculum: computer appreciation, computer applications and ICT/Internet applications in the sampled Colleges. Also, the findings revealed that Business Education students’ performance in the achievement test was generally low. In view of the findings, it was recommended that quality of training in ICT/computer courses in business education departments should be improved to enable students becomes proficient in computer operation before graduation and that adequate financing should be made by the government to the Colleges especially in the areas of procurement and installation of ICT/computer facilities.
KEYWORDS: Business Education, Achievement, Test, Computer Skills.
LES VERTUS DE LA FRANCOPHONIE AU MONDE NOIR AFRICAIN
Département of French, Collège of Education, Oju,
Ce sujet englobe les divers pays dans le monde, où le Français est utilisé comme une langue officielle parlée, écrite et lue exécutivement, législativement et juridiquement. Ensuite, on y trouve aussi l’image pure de la culture française à laquelle s’ajoutent la marque du développement dans les sciences et dans les techniques, ainsi que le progrès institutionnel publique, l’agrandissement politique, économique et social, afin d’établir des emplois et d’éviter l’ennui, le vice et le besoin étant les gros problèmes sociaux dans le monde entier. Également, au point de vue historique, le monde francophone africain est déchiré entre la culture française- avec laquelle il est coincé de s’identifier – et les valeurs africaines que les colons français lui avaient appris à mépriser et à renier. Ainsi, consciemment, ce dit monde se réveille de son aliénation culturelle pour vivre absolument son authenticité noire africaine en proclamant et en chantant la beauté de sa race et sa fierté de sa peau noire, afin de mettre à jour sa vraie personnalité.
KEYWORDS: Vertus, Francophonie, Monde, Noir, Africain.
AN EVALUATION OF THE HYGIENE STATUS AND AWARENESS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto
These study aim at investigating the hygiene status of primary school pupils in Sokoto State Metropolis, in Nigeria. Research design is a descriptive investigation. A cross-sectional survey adopted type was used. A design questionnaire is used for data collection from the respondents which are selected randomly to illustrate the general situation of other home background conditions of the senior secondary school students. Sokoto State was selected area of study which consist three (3) senatorial zones, namely central senatorial zone, southern senatorial zone, Eastern senatorial zone. The respondents were the primary school pupils selected from the central zone, Questionnaires were the instrument used to collect data from the respondents two hundred and ten 210 from CSZ. The total population of this study was 1500 pupils from selected primary school in Sokoto State Metropolis. A simple random sampling was used in drawing samples from the population. For this research work, a questionnaire was distributed to students. A total of 210(1500) was used. The researcher employed questionnaire to collect data. The study revealed that majority of the schools are using pit toilet and also were provided by the government. It also shows that there insufficient and regular supply of water and toileting facilities in the school studied. The study also concludes and some of the recommendations were highlighted.
KEYWORDS: Educational Hygiene, School hygiene, Hygiene status, Environment and Primary school.
TEACHER QUALITY: IT’S ROLE IN STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES
Department of Curriculum and Instructions, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
The paper discussed the teacher quality: Its role in student learning outcome. It examined the factors that can make student learning outcome be better, and such as teacher qualification, teacher characteristics, teacher practices and teacher effectiveness. Also,what teacher quality means was discussed. Conclusion was made that it is not possible to give what he doesn’t have. Recommendations were made, that Government and policy makers should ensure that school across the country are provided with adequate qualified teachers in promoting good student learning outcome, among others.
KEYWORDS: Teacher, quality, student, learning, outcome, roles