INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES VOL. 5 NO.4 (IJHSS) JUNE, 2018
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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND EMOTIONAL LABOUR AS CORRELATES OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AMONG PUBLIC SERVANTS IN OYO STATE
OLONADE ZACCHEAUS OLUFUNMINIYI Ph.D. AND DURODOLA, REBECCA OLUWAYINKA
Department of Human Resource Development, Osun State University Osogbo
The study investigated Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Labour as correlates of Organizational Commitment among public servant in Oyo State. The objectives of the study were to examine the influence of, analyse and determine the relationship between, Emotional Intelligence, Emotional Labour and Organisational Commitment of public servants. Data was gathered from a sample of 300 respondents drawn from public servants in different ministries departments and agencies of Oyo State, using three instruments. Emotional Intelligence Scale, was used to determine individual’s Emotional Intelligence among public servants, Emotional Labour Scale, was used to rate respondents’ Emotional Labour, while Organisational Commitment Scale, was used to determine the commitment of respondents’. Data were analysed and the four hypotheses tested using Statistical Package for Social Statistics (SPSS). Findings revealed that Emotional Intelligence was significantly and positively related to Organisational Commitment [r(297) = 0.912, p<0.01]. It was also discovered that there is no joint significant relationship between Age, Gender, Marital Status, Work Experience and Organisational Commitment F(5,294) = 1.411, p>.05b, with an R2 of .070. But Sex was discovered to be significantly related to Organisational Commitment [t(299) = 2.135, p<0.05]. It was however discovered that emotional labour will not significantly influence Organisational Commitment among Public servants in Oyo State. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that emotional intelligence and emotional labour should be incorporated in the training pack for employees in order to improve their efficiency.
KEYWORDS: Emotional Intelligence; Emotional Labour; Organisational Commitment; Public Servants
COMMUNITY-BASED BROADCASTING, A GERMAINE IDEA FOR FUTURISTIC AFRICAN DEVELOPING DEMOCRACIES: THE NORTHEAST NIGERIAN PRACTICE
ADAMU MUHAMMA HAMID1, MUHAMMAD, UMAR SHIRA2, ISAH YAHAYA ALIYU3
1Department of Mass Communication, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi (Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia) 2Bauchi Radio Corporation, BRC, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 3Department of Mass Communication, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Against the widely recognized penchant for true grassroots oriented democracy and participatory development, varieties of community broadcasting begin to spring up in parts of emerging democracies in Africa. One of such examples are the ten FM stations first established in northeastern Nigeria, to cater for rural Bauchi state currently sustained by Governor Muhammad Abdullahi Abubakar. Even though these stations are government-established, thereby losing a key ingredient of full community ownership, such practice of community-based broadcasting could be argued to lay claim to executing many of the key objectives of community journalism. How far that can be achieved is not known yet. Again, could the practical achievements of such community-based government efforts in grassroots awareness pose some challenges to review the theoretical postulations of the yardsticks of community broadcasting? This is yet to be interrogated further. This study set out to find out the editorial practice of the community FM stations; find out the extent of their coverage of local communities in promoting development initiatives in the rural areas of the state; identify the extent of and barriers to rural communities’ participation or interaction with radio stations and define the character of community-based broadcasting in northeastern Nigeria. Out of the 100 staff of the community based radio stations (10 for each station), half of that number was sampled for this descriptive study – 5 respondents were randomly selected from each station. Closed-ended questionnaire was self-administered. The results were analyzed using SPSS 22 descriptive statistical tools. Key among the findings is 54 percent said grassroot empowerement was the main concept, while 18 of the 50 respondents making 36 percent indicated raising political conciousness of the people was the overal concept of the government in putting the stations in place and 5 of 50 interviwees, representing 10 percent, described peace building as the main concept. Reserch and policy implications were discussed.
KEYWORDS: Broadcasting; Community-based, Democracy; Journalism, Participation
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, POLITICAL ADVERTISING AND GRASSROOTS POLITICS
SULE, GODWIN MATTHEW; ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY; AND HARUNA, MARY JONAH:
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
This paper critics the sole reliance on political advertising at the grassroots. It suggests that there is a need to integrate community development efforts in the political campaign process. Using the two-step flow of information theory, it argues that political campaign messages cannot be effective at the grassroots without the guiding interpretation of opinion leaders. It articulates the practice of community development as a form of political advertising which would help keep the image of the political candidate longer in the consciousness of the electorates. It further discusses the concepts “community” and “development”. It rearticulates the long standing criticism of advertising as a wasteful, sinister and diabolic venture which is very likely to facilitate the disintegration of the society if not timely halted. The paper posits that advertising is not inherently wasteful, sinister or diabolic, rather it is human nature that is wasteful, sinister and diabolic. Advertising therefore is a “scapegoat” for the failure of man to control his greed.
KEYWORDS: Sickle cell, Awareness, Genotype, Premarital Screening, Marriage.
THE CANKERWORMS OF MULTI-FACETED FORMS OF CORRUPTION AS SERIAL FACTORS FOR UNDERDEVELOPMENT OF THE THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES: A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA AND A PANACEA THERETO:
SALEH ABDULLAHI, ESQ. & A.A. HAMZA, ESQ., MARCH, 2018.
School of Legal Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal & Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This paper is a simple and brief case study of anti-corruption efforts, aimed at analyzing the multiple forms of corruption, evaluating the impact of corruption on National Development in Nigeria as one of the third world countries;and to show case how corruption is increasingly recognized as a pre-eminent problem in the developing world with the view to proffering solutions to it. The primary question of this article is: to understand how corruption actually prevents growth in the third world countries in its multi-faceted ways. However, it is very difficult, if not almost impossible, to assess the overall levels of corruption phenomenon without reflecting the realities of the corruption world, particularly the third world countries with Nigeriaas a case study. Hence, the adoption of practical approach to issues and situations in this paper.
KEYWORDS: Corruption, forms of corruption, solutions and way forward to corrupt practices in Nigeria and third world countries.
IMPACT OF SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING ON NIGERIAN COMPANIES
WALI, YAYA MUKHTAR
Department Of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
The aim of this write up is to explain sustainability reporting and its importance to the various stakeholders. It identified various challenges confronting sustainability reporting and the need for companies to perform corporate responsibilities especially in areas close to them. Literature pertaining to the topic was reviewed and it was discovered that companies do not take sustainability reporting seriously because the government does not formulate and enforce these policies strictly. It was recommended that the government especially in Nigeria should enact enabling laws and ensure strict compliance.
KEYWORDS: Sustainability, Reporting, Responsibility, Corporate, Global
ATTITUDE TO MEDIA ETHICS AMONG JOURNALISTS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
*ABUBAKAR BABA GARBA, *BELLO IBRAHIM HALILU, **MOHAMMED SAAD,
*Department Of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
This research is aimed at investigating the attitude to media ethics among journalists in Bauchi metropolis. The research adopted survey method of research. The research used questionnaire to obtain relevant data for the study. The population of the study composed of journalist in Bauchi metropolis. There are 335 registered journalists in the state. In analyzing the data collected using questionnaire, the research used simple percentage tables and bar charts. The findings of the study reveal that; journalists (respondents) in Bauchi metropolis have knowledge of media law and ethics, but they are constraint by ownership influence and house style. Inspite of this problem, Journalists in Bauchi metropolis believe that they are committed to obeying media law and ethics and there are ethical conducts in their practices; code of ethics of journalism affects them in their profession.
KEYWORDS: Attitude, Media Law and Ethics $ Journalists
AN ANALYSIS OF JIGAWA STATE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES: PROPECTS AND CHALLENGES
DALHATU SAIDU ABUBAKAR, PHD, ABDULWAHAB, SANI, KABIRU, ABUBAKAR GARBA AND ADAM MUHAMMAD ELHAMEES
Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The paper traces the Jigawa State’s strategies for sustainable development from its inception by emphasizing on demonstrating of knowing how well to utilize its potentials in order achieve the stated goals. Development as a process is multifaceted and so nearly all the field of human endeavors need to be exploited for the purpose of achieving collective interest. To do this, various sectors of the society of Jigawa such as education together with science and technology, water resources and agriculture, manpower such as staff development and pension scheme, health sector among others have been exploited for the purpose of improving the livelihood of its populace. Accordingly, the progresses made have indicated greater enthusiasm by the government where it went to as far as collaborating with relevant development partners such as DFID and MDG’s, the State Voice and Accountability Initiative(SAVI), Education Sector Support Programmes in Nigeria (ESSPIN), sponsored by the United Kingdom and the United Nations to mention but few. Notable amongst these includes The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) which played a vital role as development experts consulted not only by Jigawa state but nearly all the state governments across the federation. Indeed, the evaluation of the development plans by identifying strengths and weaknesses of Jigawa state can be attributed to SPARC.
KEYWORDS: Sustainable, Strategy, Development, Plan, Jigawa.
THE FAMILY AS THE BEDROCK FOR SOUND MORAL UPBRINGING AND FOR CURBING ADOLESCENT DELINQUENCY IN NIGERIA
DAMARIS PETER JOSHUA
School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State
The paper is on the family as the bedrock for sound moral upbringing and for curbing adolescent delinquency in Nigeria. The purpose was to identify the various roles the family has to play in raising morally sound children who will not become delinquents. The family was seen to be the child’s first place of contact with the world. It’s a place where the training starts. The family roles in children upbringing include, praying for the children, provision of needs, showing respect and others. The role of parents in curbing adolescent delinquency includes, early training, provision of basic needs etc. Some factors that militate against effective child training include poverty, social media, family roots and others. It was recommended among other things that parents should start early in life to give their children good moral training and to be economically viable.
KEYWORDS: Adolescent, Family, Parents, Morality, Child Training and delinquent behaviour
THE IMPLICATIONS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS ON NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.
*MUSA BABA ABUBAKAR AND **SAFWAN SANI MIKAILA *ADAMU SALEH
*General studies Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state. **Political science Department, Federal University Kashere , Gombe State.
This study looks at the incidences of religious conflicts especially between Muslims and Christians and the consequences it imposes on national security and development in Nigeria. The frequent outbreaks of religious related conflicts have resulted in loss of lives and property. This impedes socio-economic development, social cohesion and political stability. The paper argues that religious conflicts as it is called are not always ignited by religion but religion is most of the time used as a mobilizing force. These conflicts have the capacity to undermine national security and national development. So in order to reduce its occurrences in Nigeria, this paper proposes some approaches to constructively deal with immediate and root causes of religious conflicts in Nigeria. The study believes that if these approaches are properly implemented they will help to reduce the present culture of violence that is entrenched in the intra/inter religious relations, particularly in Northern Nigeria, that has brought about the underdevelopment and insecurity of the region.
KEYWORDS: Security, Religious, Development, Conflicts, National.
EFFECTS OF JOB SECURITY ON JOB SATISFACTION: A STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BAUCHI
*AKHERE ABHULIMEN ANGUS1 **OLEABHIELE ERNEST PAUL2 ***IGIBA EHIMEN GREGORY3
*Academic Registry, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi **Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi ***Department of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Job security and job satisfaction have been observed to be significant variables that determine the type of relationship that exists between the employer, employee, and organisational performance. As such this study examined the effects of job security on job satisfaction at the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The research was designed to in line with the specific objectives that were conceived to guide the investigation namely; to determine the extent of influence western employment policies has on employment issues in Nigeria, an examination the status of whom a worker is in the Nigerian context, ascertain the influence of trade unions on job satisfaction in security in the Nigeria, an examination of the role of government politics in the development of civil service reforms and determining the influence of incentives on job satisfaction and security in Nigeria. Five corresponding hypotheses were formulated while a sample size of 430 respondents’ was surveyed in the study area. Quantitative and quantitative data were collected using the questionnaire and in-depth interview methods of data collection. However, 343 questions were retrieved for this analysis, while 12 respondents were interviewed in this study. The findings of this study was overwhelmingly supported that a western employment relations influenced the Nigerian employment relations; workers satisfaction impacts on the organisational output; trade union influence was significant in determining degree of job satisfaction and job security; there was political influence in securing jobs in the Nigerian civil services, and that there was no relationship between incentives and job security. The study however recommended that the employment relations system needs to be reviewed to discourage estrangement from the workplace activities by the employees and more importantly stakeholders in the industrial relations system must be collaborative in their operations so as to enhance individual, organisational and national development.
KEYWORDS: Employment, Government, Job security, Job satisfaction, Nigeria, Trade union
GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA
MURTALA U. ALIYU
Department of General Studies Binyaminu Usman, Hadejia
There is a shared global understanding of the urgency of addressing the many coming led economic, social and environmental issues standing in the way of sustainable development. In order to achieve sustainable development (SD), governments in Africa have launched several initiatives and strategies to improve the well being of the people. In spite of these attempts by African governments towards SD, there is a growing perception that Africa could fail in achieving SD due to lack of good governance structures required for sustainable development. With the analysis of secondary data, the paper examines the challenges of good governance in achieving sustainable development in Africa focused on Nigeria. It observed that manifestation of corruption amongst public officials as the major challenge hindering sustainable development in the country. It therefore recommend among others the need for the government to strengthen the existing anti-corruption agencies to enable them enforce proper ethical standard.
KEYWORDS: governance, sustainable development, corruption, poverty.
EXAMINING THE AVAILABILITY OF LEISURE AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES FOR PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED PERSONS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
*ALY AUDU FADA & **MUDASIRU YA’U MUHAMMED
*Leisure and Tourism management Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, **Office Technology and Management Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This research work on examining the availability of leisure and recreational facilities and activities for physically challenged persons in Bauchi metropolis. And inventory of leisure and recreational facilities in Bauchi metropolis were taken to find out the adequacy and functionality of these facilities for the disable and the extent to which the physically challenged persons understand the concept of leisure and recreation. The populations for the research are the deaf, cripples and those with virtual impairment in Bauchi metropolis. The instrument for this research work was questionnaire design and randomly administered to physically challenged persons and the providers of recreational services in Bauchi metropolis. Data were collected and analyzed by the use of tables, charts and simple percentage. The research identified most of the physically challenged person in Bauchi metropolis do not take part in leisure and recreational activities, the research also discovered in adequacy of facilities for leisure and recreation for the disable persons. The following recommendations were made, there is the need for the interventions of both public and private sector in the provision of facilities for the physically challenged persons in Bauchi metropolis, there should be adequate publicity on recreations for the persons with disability in Bauchi metropolis. Future research on investigating facilities for the physically challenged in leisure and recreation centers in Bauchi town should be carried out.
KEYWORDS: Leisure, Recreation, Physically Challenged, Facilities.
AN APPRAISAL OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AGENCY (ESTABLISHMENT) ACT, 2007 ON THE MATTER OF POLLUTER’S LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR OIL POLLUTION IN NIGERIA.
ANIEKAN J. MENDIE
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
The enactment of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency Act in 1988 marked a major legislative land mark in the historical annals of environmental protection against pollution in Nigeria. Subsequently, that Act was repealed and replaced with the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act, 2007 (NESREA Act). This NESREA Act, 2007 as important as it is, exists with yawning gaps, defects and deficiencies as it makes no provisions for enforcement of standards and regulations against environmental pollution arising from the oil and gas industry in Nigeria; which is the sector that generate the most devastating environmental pollution in Nigeria. The heavily polluted and disrupted ecosystem of the oil bearing areas of Nigeria provides a clear picture here. It is in view of the above, that this paper critically looks at the NESREA Act, 2007 with a view to appraising it and pointing out gaps therein for possible legislative interventions that would make theAct comprehensive and workable in the area of polluter’s liability and compensation for oil and gas pollution damage to environment in Nigeria. This paper relies on primary and authoritative data from domestic legislation to develop its body; with relevant secondary materials drawn from books, journals and cyber space to buttress thematic ideas under the paper. The doctrinal approach and analytical research method have been chosen to appraise the contents and principles of law that are considered within the scope of this paper. The laws under consideration in this paper are basically content analyzed and findings disclosed that the absence of provisions for polluter’s liability and compensation for oil pollution damage in NESREA Act, 2007 is making multinational oil companies to continually exploit oil and pollute the environment without payment of compensation to oil pollution victims. The paper therefore recommends that the Act be amended to include provisions for polluter pays principle with clear modalities for assessment of compensation for oil pollution victims.
KEYWORDS: Oil pollution, polluter, liability, compensation, Act, Nigeria.
IMPLEMENTING NATIONAL INFORMATION POLICY IN NIGERIA
*UNOBE, ELAMEYI SUSAN CLN **SAHABI, MUHAMMAD KABIR CLN ***EBUNUWELE GRACE ESEOHE CLN
*Kashim Ibrahim Library, A.B.U. Zaria **University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna *** Ambrose Alli University Library, Ekpoma
Achieving in the emerging information and knowledge society is contingent on well guided national information policy therefore; influence of libraries in developing and implementing national information policy cannot be overlook. Library influence is crucial to the development of information society because is the custodian of information with the requisite knowledge and competence at all levels to oversee the collection, management and dissemination of information. The objective of this paper is to emphasize the need for full involvement of libraries in developing and implementing national information policy. Therefore, the paper makes a review on libraries and national information policy to indicate the relation between library and information policy, the review also highlight on the influence of libraries in developing and implementing national information policy in Nigeria. It also look at a national policy for the development of information resources and services, need for a national information policy in Nigeria and the challenges in developing and implementing national information policy.
Keyword: library, developing policy, implementing policy, information policy
REVITALIZING ENDANGERED NIGERIAN LANGUAGES: THE GOVERNMENT’S ROLE
IMOH, PHILIP MANDA PHD
Nasarawa State University, P.M.B. 1022, Keffi, Nasarawa State
The paper sets out to investigate endangerment of remnant Nigerian languages and the government’s role in revitalization processes. The descriptive method employed in discussing this research shows that among other things, unless the government puts concerted and sustained efforts, majority of the languages will be lost in a couple of decades. Studying the successful concerted and sustained efforts of language policy in some countries, the paper submits that the government is required to play a pivot role in implementing its language policy on education and formulate others and use the media as a strategic tool to revitalize endangered indigenous languages in Nigeria. The findings in this study can be applied to many dying languages of the world.
KEYWORDS: Endangerment, government, indigenous language, language policy and revitalization.