INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH VOL 5 NO.6 (IJCER) JUNE, 2018
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REBUILDING THE NIGERIAN DEFICIENT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION FOR MEANINGFUL DEVELOPMENT.
*GODFREY JOHN, *LATEEFAH DUNMOYE TOYIN **FELIX DANLADI ***ELKANAH BULUS ADAMU
*Department of Educational Foundation and Curriculum, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria **Special School Management Board Bauchi (Jamss) ***Ministry Of Education Bauchi
This paper examines the obsessive desire for certificates by Nigerian and its implication on the quality of training/education provided by the institutions in the contemporary Nigeria. A society that places undue emphasis on the acquisition and possession of certificates is considered to be suffering from disease. The contemporary Nigerian situation is a good example of a society that is afflicted with the disease in question. This is evident in the unorthodox measures parents and guidance often employed to ensure the graduation of their wards. This led to Nigerian institutions churning out graduates whose training/certification could have more input and longer training. There is an erroneous assumption in Nigeria that certification is education and education is certification. Poor human development, collapse social services, corruption, civil wars, insurgency, over population under employment and un- employment are featured as some of the diseased qualities of the Nigerian education. This is wrong and is evident in the poor job performance of many Nigerian graduates. Despite several years of education, Nigeria is still under developed and has to bring in experts from outside the country to tackle even the most mundane challenges. To make education in contemporary Nigeria goal driven, Nigerians must de-emphasized certification and place more emphasis on producing graduates whose moral development, technical skills and quality training could develop and transform the country. Nigeria should strive for an educational system that is financially solvent, and self-regeneration.
KEYWORDS: Education, deficient education, development
ASSESSMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF BROKEN HOME ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN THE GOVERNMENT GIRLS’ SCIENCE AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE POTISKUM
- AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department Of Education, Faculty Of Education, Yobe State University Damaturu
Assessment is a systematic collection review and use of educational programmes undertaken for the purpose of improving students’ learning and development. The background of this project deals with academic performances of students from broken homes and the case study is Government Girls’ College Potiskum. Only 90 students were picked randomly from SS 1 to SS 2 for the research. This project was only meant to know the assessment of academic performances of children from broken homes and intact homes; how it affect them physically, socially, behavioural and psychologically. The data analysis consists of students’ attitude, feelings and achievement towards their reaction and hostels.
KEYWORDS: Assessment in education; Broken Homes; Divorce; Academic Performance.
EFFECTS OF CLASS SIZE ON THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JOS NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE
FRIDAY JOHN (Ph.D) AND OGBOGO, ELIZABETH OMEGA
Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Nigeria
This study was carried out to determine the effects of class size in the effective teaching of biology in senior secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau state. 50 biology teachers from 50 secondary schools were involved in the study using a researcher designed questionnaire tagged Biology Class Size Questionnaire (BCSQ) to collect relevant data. Four research questions were answered and two research hypotheses were tested. The data was analysed using frequency table and chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference between small class size and large class size in their effects on effective teaching of biology in secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area. There was no significant difference between the small and large class size in how they affect the use of instructional materials in biology class in secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau state. Recommendations deriving from the study include that the Government and Proprietors of private school should ensure that there is a provision for large classroom and laboratories to accommodate the large number of students. There should be regular workshop and training on effective class size management.
KEYWORDS: Effects, Class Size, Effective, Teaching, Biology
ALIGNMENT OF THE AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY (ABU) BACHELOR OF SCIENCE EDUCATION CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM WITH THE CONTENTS OF CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM FOR SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
SAMUEL-OKEY, FATUMA COMFORT
Department of Integrated Science, Federal College of Education Zaria, Kaduna State.
This study evaluated the ABU B.Sc. (Ed.) Chemistry Curriculum in relation to the professional needs of the SSS Chemistry teachers. The total population of 400 Level B. Sc. (Ed) Chemistry students (21) constituted the population of the study. The instruments for data collection were Difficult Topics in Chemistry questionnaire (DTC) and Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT). The DTC questionnaire which consisted of fifteen topics considered difficult, was validated and used by some earlier researchers in science education. The questionnaire was administered on the students to obtain their perception on the fifteen topics considered difficult. To further authenticate the response on the DTC, the CAT was administered on the students. The findings from the study showed that only two out of the fifteen topics were perceived by the students as difficult to understand. The study also showed that though the ABU B. Sc. (Ed.) Chemistry Curriculum contains relevant learning experiences to help prospective B.Sc. (Ed.) chemistry teachers perform effectively, the respondents could not answer simple SSCE questions given to them in the Chemistry Achievement Test. The findings calls to question the response obtained from the DTC questionnaire. Based on this findings some recommendations were made among which include: more emphasis should be placed on knowledge acquisition rather than certificate and examination scores, and hence all prospective Chemistry teachers should be tested on achievement in Chemistry before employment and also be given periodic training in Chemistry contents irrespective of the grades on their certificates.
KEYWORDS: Education, Chemistry, Curriculum, Content, Education
RELIGIOUS EDUCATION: CHALLENGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIA
DAMARIS PETER JOSHUA, MARKUS M. DANIEL
Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State.
The paper is on religious education- the challenges of development in contemporary Nigeria. The aim is to examine how development also called modernization has affected religious education in Nigeria. Religion was seen as a means through which man reconcile with his maker (God). Religion is simply a relation to God. Religion was derived from two root verbs relegere and religare. In the same vein, religious education (RE) was defined as the teaching or instruction of a particular religion. It is a type of education which is largely separate from academia, and which (generally) regards religious belief as a fundamental tenet and operating modality, as well as a prerequisite for attendance. Religious education has some purposes which include but not limited to helping recipients to acquire and develop knowledge and understanding of principal religions in the world and to develop an understanding of the influence of beliefs, values and traditions on individuals, communities, societies and cultures. RE equally helps in developing pupils’ knowledge and understanding of religion, religious beliefs, practices, language and traditions and their influence on individuals, communities, societies and cultures. In the same vein, development also called modernity is defined as the process of reconstruction and improvement in various dimensions of a nation and that of individuals.
KEYWORDS: Contemporary Society, Development, Modernity, Religion and Religion Education
THE POLICY AND PRACTICE OF NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM: AN ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION AND THE WAY FORWARD
YAHAYA SHU’AIBU WAKILI
School Of Education, Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare.
Many issues confront the Nigeria educational system today, but the most identified one is the level of academic performance in schools. This has become a major concern of many parents, educators and educational administrators. Nigeria has recognized that education is at the heart of sustainable development, especially as she strives to be among the 20 developed nations by the year 2020. But one of the challenges that is facing the sector today, is the quality of education. Education embraces the entire social process by which individual’s ac quire ways, beliefs and standards of society. It is a means through which every country’s economic development depends on. The principal concern in this paper is to look into the general objectives and philosophy of Nigerian education at different levels. As it’s enshrined in the National Policy on education. It weakness and strengths. Conclusion and solutions were highlighted.
KEYWORDS: Policy, National Policy on Education, goals and objectives of Nigerian Education system, pre, primary, secondary, tertiary education.
THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF ACQUISITION OF GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS IN NIGERIAN LIBRARIES.
1ADAMU IBRAHIM 1BALA, SULEIMAN ABDUL 2ADAMU HASSAN 1IDRIS MOHAMMED
1Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2Muhammad Wabi Library, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Government documents or publications are very useful to government officials for reference and continuity purposes and to the public as informational sources about the activities of government. The problems encountered in the process of acquisition are discussed, especially the inadequate lists of such publications; the lack of continuous supply which creates gaps in the collection; the ineffective means of publishing and distributing the documents, and the non-inclusion of government publications in the legal deposit law. Solutions are proffered on how to acquire them easily.
KEYWORDS: Problem, Prospects, Nigeria, Libraries, Acquisition.
MANAGEMENT OF ICT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE NIGERIA HIGHER INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT
AUWAL AHMAD1, ADAMU SALISU2, ABUBAKAR S. HAMZA3, ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI HAMANI4
1,2ICT/MIS Directorate, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 3Computer Science Department Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 4Library and Information Science Department Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
Higher education is approaching the point at which Science and Technology particularly Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays a vital role, nearly in all phases of the educational process. Managing ICT infrastructure is an important part of delivering IT services to the end-users. This paper focuses on the problems and prospects of ICT infrastructure management in the higher educational sector in Nigeria. The research addresses the existent ICT tools for enhancing academic and management activities of the six selected institutions located in Bauchi state. A survey revealed that the down-time failure of ICT tools is high, skilled or trained ICT support personnel are inadequate, investment in ICT infrastructure is low, these and other reasons shows that the ICT tools are not adequately managed in Nigerian Higher Education Institutions (NHEIs). Recommendations made include the type and quality of the infrastructure acquired must be in line with the vision, mission and objectives of the Institution, to ensure that ICT tools must be online at all time as well as been constantly and adequately maintained by the skilled and trained staff. Finally the NHEI should invest more in ICT infrastructure and general maintenance.
KEYWORDS: ICT Infrastructure, Management, Nigerian Higher Education Institutions, Problems and Prospect
ENHANCING QUALITY EXAMINATION CONDUCT IN THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORS
*ARDO MAJI ALIYU, **NEHEMIAH DANIEL
*School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **CRS Dept, School Of Arts and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
The paper examined quality examination conduct in the college of education system. Examination in our college of education system is of low standards. Examination is the only means through which the students academic and behavioural performances are ascertained. It is an instrument used to asses or evaluate the performance of students. The need for it quality conduct is paramount because it is on this basis that certificates are awarded and job opportunities offered. The paper discussed the concept of quality and quality examination conduct in the educational system. The likely causes of poor quality examination conduct in our institutions of learning were also highlighted and the appropriate strategies for combating poor examination stressed. Finally, conclusion and recommendations, were made for educational administrators must be knowledgeable professionally and administratively competent, as well as resourceful so as to complement the efforts of the government towards achieving the goals of the school.
KEYWORDS: Examination, College, Education, Implications, Educational.
EFFECTS OF CAMPUS GANGSTERISM ON STUDENTS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
*Dr. DALHATU SAIDU ABUBAKAR ** SHAMSU DAUDA ABDU *KABIRU ABUBAKAR GARBA & *ABDULWAHAB SANI
*Department of General Studies Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Department of Mass Communication, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
Student gangsterism on campuses of tertiary institutions has increasingly become a worrisome scenario for University and Polytechnics administrators, governments and members of the civil society. Our tertiary institutions are subsets of the various macro societies and they are a reflection of society’s increasing use of violent methodologies to resolve cultism and conflict situations. Therefore, most of our tertiary institutions, have been witnessing unprecedented violent behaviours occasioned by students’ involvement in campus gangsterism such as cultism. Peace on campus has been shattered due to this development of violent behaviour. Drug addiction, rape and other criminal activities have become pervasive. Thus this paper discusses the concept of gangsterism, counter culture and mass communication. Relevant literature were reviewed on the topic, the paper thus, concludes with the effects of campus gangsterism on students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria and proffers ways of combating the menace that has threatened the administration of Universities and Polytechnics in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Ganagsterism, Students, Institutions, Effects, Campus
PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON CREDIBILITY OF NEWS ON SOCIAL MEDIA: A STUDY OF STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BACHI
*ABUBAKAR BABA GARBA, **MOHAMMED SAAD
*Department Of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The study seeks to find out the perception of students on the credibility of news on social media. Since the social media involve user generated contents, the sources and credibility of these contents are sometimes questioned. With the issues of such credibility, it is important to find out the level in which students determined the credibility of social media news. The research employed survey method, using the questionnaire for the purpose of obtaining data, 100 respondents were sampled. Findings from the analyzed data revealed that the social media has become an easy source of news to students but the issue is always about the credibility of the news from these social media. Majority of the students attached no special regard to this and itself is a great problem. The credibility of news on social media is like a “border line” that mediates an organization and its strategic publics The study recommends that there should be policy to regulate and authenticate the social media contents.
KEYWORDS: Credibility, Perception $ Social Media.
ROLE OF BUSINESS EDUCATION IN PROMOTING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA
MUSTAPHA ALI1, MODU KORIMI2 & BASHEHU SALEH3
Department of Business Education, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno state Nigeria.
This paper examined the role of business education in promoting entrepreneurship in Nigeria because it could lead to self-employment, help in reducing unemployment and contribute towards development of the country .Business education is described as an education for business and about business. It equips its recipients with creative skills that will make them to perform well as entrepreneurs. This paper thus ,seen business education as having the potential for promoting and encouraging entrepreneurship in Nigeria because; It could equip its recipients with skills for identifying viable business opportunities, proper business management, financial management, proper marketing and avoidance of business failure. This paper concludes that, if Nigeria really wants to encourage entrepreneurship, Business education should be taken very serious. Finally, as a way forward which will lead Business Education to rapidly develop entrepreneurship, this paper recommend that; Nigeria youth should be encouraged to study business, only Business educators should be allowed to teach Business Education, there should be adequate funding of Business education and entrepreneurs that lack business education skills should be encouraged to acquired the skills.
KEYWORDS: Role, Business, Education, Promoting, Entrepreneurship
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION: GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND THE NIGERIAN SYSTEM
MUSA SYLVANUS HASSAN
Department of Architecture, Kaduna State University.
The concept of sustainability has been the subject of many academic forums (especially in the built environment) since the new millennium, due to the increased awareness of the negative effects of unsustainable practices on the environment. Studies reveal a universal accord that architectural education needs to adapt to the requirements of today’s world for a better tomorrow, (M. Adegbile 2012). Despite increased awareness of sustainability issues the Architectural curriculum in Nigeria remains unchanged. Efforts have been made by some schools of architecture and research groups (in developed countries) at reviewing the architectural curriculum for sustainability; resulting in new and modified educational programmes often with the tag ‘sustainable’ or ‘sustainability’ attached to it. These commendable efforts have brought up several new challenges, highlighting flaws and areas of needed improvement. By studying what has been done and learning from the mistakes of others Nigeria can develop a unique curriculum that satisfies local needs as well as global standards. This research is primarily based on literature review, and aims at identifying the prevalent challenges in the development and implementation of a sustainable architectural curriculum, by reviewing the findings and recommendations of recent and relevant works on the subject of ‘sustainable architectural education’. The findings revealed three common factors of concern namely; quality of staff, infrastructure/facilities, regulatory influence/pedagogical barriers. A long term plan designed to systematically address the challenges is recommended in the quest to develop a sustainable architectural curriculum for Nigeria. It is hoped that this research will provide a conceptual framework for a sustainable architectural educational system in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Sustainability, architecture, education, curriculum
EFFECTS OF FARMERS/ HERDSMEN CONFLICT ON EDUCATION: CASE STUDY OF BENUE AND PLATEAU STATES
SHEHU GARBA SUNUSI
Department of Basic Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The contemporary Nigerian society is engulfed by terrible acts of terrorism. Be it kidnapping in the Niger Delta by militants and bomb attacks by the Boko Haram elements in the northeast. And the farmers/herdsmen conflict which have affected several states across the country and has claimed many lives and properties worth millions of naira destroyed. This conflict has affected several aspects of our national life. The paper examines the effects of farmers/herders conflict on education especially in the north central of Nigeria. The main purpose of the study is to critically examine how education is affected in areas where the conflict is prevalent. The main area of focus is Benue and Plateau States in the north central of Nigeria. The conflict has negative effects which include displacement of persons including school children and the closure of several schools in the affected areas. The qualitative research method was used to collect the information. Secondary data were collected from different books and articles. The findings of the research indicate that the conflict has significantly affects the education sector in Nigeria. Some recommendations will be made that will go a long way reducing the conflict to the barest minimum.
KEYWORDS: conflict, education, farmers, herdsmen north central Nigeria, economy,
ACADEMIC LIBRARY RESOURCES AND SERVICES UTILIZATION: THE EXPERIENCE OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, KANO
*ALIYU HAIDAR ABUBAKAR **SAHABI MUHAMMAD KABIRU AND ***JAMILU DAN-ISAH
*Nigeria Police Academy, Wudil-Kano **University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna ***Academy Library, Nigeria Police Academy, Wudil-Kano.
Library patrons utilize the resources of libraries for many reasons such as finding out for themselves information that is needed to enable them carry out their functions and responsibilities, or for recreation. The task of providing information to the academic community in tertiary institutions like that of colleges of education, has been the mandate the library has had to perform over the years in order to meet the objectives of institution which is to support teaching and research. This research is aimed at investigating the resources and provision of services in an academic library, and also to determine how users are satisfied with its use, to identify their deficiencies which include inadequate materials which are mostly old, lack of proper orientation to newly admitted students etc., and suggest means of improving them. The methodology used was case study research, and the population consist of staff and students of Federal College of Education, Kano. A sample size of 120 respondents was drawn from the population, and the questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Data collected were analysed with the use of simple descriptive statistics applying frequency counts and percentages in tables.
KEYWORDS: Academic Library, Resources, Services, Utilization, Federal College of Education.
AN EVALUATION OF THE HYGIENE STATUS AND AWARENESS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA
MODE MARAFA 1, BELLO SULAIMAN 2 & MRS OLUFUNKE A. OKE 3
1Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto. 2Department of Biology, School of Secondary Education Science, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto 3Department of Educational Foundation, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto.
These study aim at investigating the hygiene status of primary school pupils in Sokoto State Metropolis, in Nigeria. Research design is a descriptive investigation. A cross-sectional survey adopted type was used. A design questionnaire is used for data collection from the respondents which are selected randomly to illustrate the general situation of other home background conditions of the senior secondary school students. Sokoto State was selected area of study which consist three (3) senatorial zones, namely central senatorial zone, southern senatorial zone, Eastern senatorial zone. The respondents were the primary school pupils selected from the central zone, Questionnaires were the instrument used to collect data from the respondents two hundred and ten 210 from CSZ. The total population of this study was 1500 pupils from selected primary school in Sokoto State Metropolis. A simple random sampling was used in drawing samples from the population. For this research work, a questionnaire was distributed to students. A total of 210(1500) was used. The researcher employed questionnaire to collect data. The study revealed that majority of the schools are using pit toilet and also were provided by the government. It also shows that there insufficient and regular supply of water and toileting facilities in the school studied. The study also concludes and some of the recommendations were highlighted.
KEYWORDS: Educational Hygiene, School hygiene, Hygiene status, Environment and Primary school