INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (IJSD) VOL. 4 NO.2 MAR.


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

VOL. 4 NO.2 MAR-2018 ISSN: 2760-4106

Published by:

Mediterranean Scholar Publications and Research International,

Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18 Justice Sowemimo Str.,

Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro, P.O. Box 16868, Wuse3,

Abuja FCT-Nigeria.

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PAPERS:

A ROLE OF WOMEN EDUCATION FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN NIGERIA  

UMAR MUHAMMAD & MAIMUNA UMAR RABO

Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

Abstract

E

ducation as a major instrument for promoting socio-economic political and national development serves as a tool in helping men and women to claim their rights and also realize their potential in economic, political in social arenas for achieving the desired sustainable development goals in Nigeria. In view of the above, this paper highlights issues like, Female education in Nigeria, gender disparity in schools, reasons behind the disparity, current policies progression, government policies that affects Girl-Child education from 1985 to 2004 and concept of national development. The Paper therefore concludes that, Nigeria for the past 20 years have witnessed improvement but not sufficient enrolment of the female population in schools particularly higher education. It was recommended that, Government through its Ministry of Education and other educational agencies need to promote the principle of equality between women and men in school curricula, educational programs and teaching activities. Federal, states and local governments should work hand in hand to support the effective implementation of women education programmes in the country. Finally it was recommended that Parents, guardians and the society as a whole must allow and encourage their female children to enroll in schools in order to overcome the menace of illiteracy and acquire a proper awareness of their potentials, rights and higher responsibilities in society.

KEYWORDS: Education, Sustainable Development, Goals, Nigeria, Women.

 

 

A MAXIMALLY FLAT RESPONSE MICROWAVE FILTER DESIGN

MUHAMMAD SANI YAHYA1, ABUBAKAR SALISU2

1Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa UniversityBauchi State- Nigeria 2. Department of Electrical Electronics Engineering, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola-Adamawa Sate Nigeria.

Abstract

T

his paper presents the design of a microstrip low pass filter (LPF) with cutoff frequency of 1.5 GHz. The LPF was designed to have maximally flat response and attenuation of 20dB at 3 GHz using lumped elements. The corresponding step impedance of the LPF was also implemented. The low pass filter protype designed using insertion loss method was scaled and transformed to a bandpass filter with pass band range of 5 GHz to 8 GHz. The response of the band pass filter shows an excellent performance.The circuits were designed and simulated using Advanced Design System (ADS) software and can be good candidates for wireless communications applications.

KEYWORDS: low pass,stepped impedance filter, band pass flter.

 

 

A DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A STIRLING ENGINE

ABUBAKAR M.A1, SALIHU I.I1, ORISANAIYE B. A, SALAKO I

1Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi -Nigeria

Abstract

The Stirling engine is a closed cycle engine, it contains a fixed mass of gas called the “working fluid”, most commonly air, hydrogen or helium. In normal operation, the engine is sealed and no gas enters or leaves the engine. The Stirling engine, like most heat engines, cycles through four main processes: cooling, compression, heating and expansion. This is accomplished by moving the gas back and forth between hot and cold heat exchangers, often with a regenerator between the heater and cooler. A change in gas temperature will cause a corresponding change in gas pressure, while the motion of the piston causes the gas to be alternately expanded and compressed. When the gas is heated, because it is in a sealed chamber, the pressure rises and this then acts on the power piston to produce a power stroke. When the gas is cooled the pressure drops and this means that less work needs to be done by the piston to compress the gas on the return stroke, thus yielding a net power output. In summary, the Stirling engine uses the temperature difference between its hot end and cold end to establish a cycle of a fixed mass of gas, heated and expanded, and cooled and compressed, thus converting thermal energy into mechanical energy. The greater the temperature differences between the hot and cold sources, the greater the thermal efficiency.

KEYWORDS: Design, regenerator, displacer, flywheel.

 

STRATEGIES TO COPE WITH DOMESTIC WATER SHORTAGE IN BARKIN-LADI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

PETER MUSA WASH, BOT RWANG, VERONICA NANLE, DAVE GYANG BOTT

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Studies, Plateau Polytechnic Barkin Ladi

Abstract

T

his paper examined the strategies to cope with water shortage in Barkin Ladi Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria. Research was carried to have insight with regards to ways of solving inadequate water supply. The major sources of water are well and boreholes which constitute 92.48% and 7.52% respectively. The nature of the scarcity ranges from 17.2% long distance journey for water, 15.79% contaminated source, 3.76% irregular source and 15.04% being salty and good water. It was gathered that most of those wells in the houses run short of supply during the dry season. The period of scarcity ranges from December to April and May. The short fall of water demand is estimated as 1,348,537 litre/day which can be term as grossly inadequate. The research reveals some strategies adopted to mitigate the short fall; reduction in quantity used, planned rationing, rain harvest, waking up early and reuse. These strategies demands a complementary efforts which serves a recommendations, partnering with government and community based organizations for better water supply scheme, sinking more boreholes especially the motorized and construction of multipurpose dam.

KEYWORDS: Strategies, Domestic, Water Shortage

 

GOOD WORKING CONDITION AND EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SOME SELECTED BANKS WINTHIN BAUCHI METROPOLIS

MARYAM TIJJANI ABBAH

Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, PMB 0231, Bauchi-Nigeria

Abstract

T

he study examined the relationship between good working condition and employee retention in some selected banks within Bauchi metropolis. Banks in Nigeria are faced with myriad of problems related to good working condition and employee retention. One of such problems include lack of good working condition which often result to low productivity which affects employee retention in work place. Descriptive-casual survey method was adopted. Data were collected from the administration of questionnaire and were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The findings shows that good working condition has a positive relationship with employee retention. This means that the more the good working environment, the more likely the employees’ are willing to stay and retained. However, a bad working environment, the less likely the employees are retained. As part of the conclusion, the research result revealed that the p-value of good working condition is greater than 0.05 level of significance. This implies that good working condition has no significant effect on employee retention. The research recommends that banks in Nigeria and Bauchi in particular should provide adequate/good working environment for staff to achieve adequate productivity. However, successful banking operation is predicated on employee’s that are motivated, energetic and focused. A dissatisfied employee cannot work effectively to achieve the organizational goals. Therefore, banks should value their employees as assets and not liabilities. Again, they should discourage outsourcing in their system. This is because the contract or outsourced staff provide cheap labour which will affect the level of trust and trust when undermined could create room for dishonest practices and fraud which inevitably leads to bank collapse.

KEYWORDS: Employee, Employee Motivation, Employee Retention, Good Working Condition.

 

 

Problems of teaching and learning of calculus in federal polytechnic, bauchi.

LUKA, joshua

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Abstract

T

he study is aimed at identifying the problems of teaching and learning Calculus in Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi (FPTB) and proffering solution to them. Consequently, two research question were raised (i) What factors are responsible for the difficulty in the teaching and learning of Calculus in FPTB (ii) What strategies could be adopted to enhance better teaching and learning of calculus in FPTB. Data were collected by means of two different questionnaires administered to three hundred (300) students and thirty (30) Mathematics teachers drawn from three (3) Schools and two (2) departments respectively. The four point Likert rating scale was used in administering it and it was analyzed using simple mean. Some of the findings that emerged are (i) The students have poor foundation in secondary school mathematics, (ii) Large class size makes teaching and learning difficult, (iii) Students prefer to be more hardworking in their professional courses than mathematics courses (iv) Mathematics teachers lack the basis of educational training, hence lack proper teaching methods to enhance good teaching and learning. Based on the findings, it was recommended that (i) The Management of FPTB should as a matter of urgency send mathematics teachers for training and seminars/workshops in education for effective teaching and learning, (ii) class size should be such that the mathematics teachers manage effectively, (iii) There is need for provision teaching aids to make teaching and   learning more interesting.

KEYWORDS: Calculus, Teaching, Learning, Achievement.

 

 

DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPROVED METHOD OF VIDEO COMPRESSION USING DISCRETE COSINE TRANSFORM (DCT)

  1. A. ABDULKAREEM, A. M. S. TEKANYI & S.M SANI

Department of Communications Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria

Abstract

Development of an Improved Method of Video Compression using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT). A total of six (four acquired and two benchmark) sample video data were used to implement the proposed technique. Frames were extracted from the video data and stored in form of images in a buffer. Compression of the video frames ware achieved by assuming that the image frames of the entire sample video datum contained both real and even functions. Therefore, the DCT was derived from the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of the enhanced output. After the DCT, the output block is divided into two sub-bands: Low frequency sub-band: This is used to store the important objects in the image and the High frequency sub-band: This is used to store the other details and texture of the image. Emphasis was only on the low frequency sub band because it contains the actual object in the image. The coefficient of the high frequency sub band is usually very close to or equal to zero in some instances, therefore, it was removed entirely from the algorithm for the purpose of efficient compression. The output compressed result was then enhanced using a brightness enhancement model. This is with a view to determining the efficiency of the proposed technique. Simulation results showed that, the proposed method is efficient for the respective individual sample video frames of NAERLS1.avi, NAERLS2.avi, NTA1.avi, and NTA2.avi and the bench mark, with the following PSNR percentage improvement over the ordinary DCT compression method. 7.10%, 3.40%, 4.94%, 3.71%, and 4.05%, 5.92% for the bench mark.

KEYWORDS: Video frames, Brightness Enhancement DCT Compression Technique

 

 

DEVELOPING SOLUTIONS TO RURAL PRODUCTIVITY PROBLEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

VERONICA NANLE YILRET, ANTHONY SAMBO MAILUMO & BENSHAK ALICE BERNARD

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi

Abstract

One important way for achieving sustainable economic growth and reduction in rural poverty is public investment in physical and social infrastructure such as; roads, electricity, irrigation facilities, storage facilities, farm inputs, mechanization among others, they are very crucial for the enhancement of agricultural production and distribution. Besides these physical infrastructures are social services, access to credit and other facilities will necessitate the building of social capital and resilience in rural communities and this will empower farmers for farm activities and to secure equitable land tenure and other necessary farm inputs, new technologies and innovation that will help achieve quality and value to the local products all geared towards enhancing the local growth potential and productivity of rural areas. The state of rural resources in Nigeria however is deplorable characterized by; inadequate and lack of infrastructures such as water, roads, electricity, processing and storage facilities etc. Also, rural areas are becoming fast under populated because the basic necessities that would enhance their quality of life and productivity are absent, there are instances where land tenure system and fragmentation have denied so many access to land, government policies and programs sometimes discriminate against the poor, they lack coordination and integration with relevant agencies for effective implementation, decision making is void of the people concern etc. Approaches to sustainable rural productivity as reviewed from relevant literatures revealed that in United states of America, through interagency and holistic approach to rural problems great achievements in the areas of infrastructures such; transportation, water, housing and agricultural inputs was recorded. In Nigeria Ebonyi state government established a community and social development agency, through collaboration with stakeholders the communities affected embarked on a number of project which have direct impact on the socio- economic lives of the target population. In addition to these, since rural areas have considerable potentials for job creation diversifying the rural economy towards off-farm activities will enhance rural productivity. This paper therefore recommends that government policies and programs should take cognizance of the peculiarities of rural areas in solving their problems, policies and programs should aim at solving these problems through interagency partnership and community participation at every stage of the development process.

KEYWORDS: Rural Productivity, Rural Resources, Agriculture, Infrastructure

 

 

EFFECTS OF CULTURE ON WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROCESS IN NIGERIA

AYESORO SUNDAY ADESINA, OJO SUNDAY STEPHEN Ph.D & JUMMAI JAKONDA AGARA

Social Development Department, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia

Abstract

W

omen empowerment has been considered to be a very veritable tool and instrument of alleviating poverty among women and reducing the incidence of gender inequality generally in human society. As a result of this, successive administrations and governments in Nigeria have adopted several women empowerment programmes and policies. However, these have achieved little or no result due to so many obnoxious cultural practices. The paper examines the effects of culture on women empowerment process in Nigeria. It was revealed that culture has created a wide development gap between men and women in human societies and is a clog in the wheel of women empowerment. In view of this, it will be more expedient if more policies aimed at the re- orientation of both men and women with a view to changing the cultural practices and beliefs that are inimical to the emancipation of women in human society.

KEYWORDS: effects, culture, process, women empowerment

 

DESIGN OF OFFICE APPLIANCES REMOTE SYSTEM (OARS) USING GSM AND ATMEG328-P µC FOR PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR

ABUBAKAR S. HAMZA, YAKUBU NUHU DANJUMA, AND MAMUDA HARUNA

Department of Computer Science Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Abstract

O

ffice Appliances Remote System (OARS) is job controllable assistance that keeps users informed about status in/out working environment. Today research and innovation take a new dimension in which combination of technologies like microcontroller, Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), and discrete circuitries made easy to assist human as a notification agent. This research work is to build an embedded system capable of notifying and control office appliances while on the go. Therefore, the gap intended the fill was to have total control of appliances in office via remote monitoring system. We adopt the agile and prototype methods for system development which forms our methodology. The system was programmed in C++ language and AT Commands is used for interacting with GSM module. The research outcome was a circuit design and programming of embedded system that communication with the end user via GSM technology. Appliances, Machines, and electronic gadgets can be controllable remotely using OARS system.

KEYWORDS: Remote Monitoring, Embedded system, ATmeg328-P, SIM800L GSM module, Communication and technology.

 

 

THE RESPONSE OF WATERMELON AT DIFFERENT RATES OF POULTRY MANURE IN BAUCHI, GUINEA SAVANNA ZONE OF NIGERIA

*CHIMDI G. O, **ABUBAKAR I., ***HARUNA Y. AND ****JIBRIN, M.S.

*, **,***Department of Agricultural Technology Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria. **** Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology, Bauchi State

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the response of watermelon to five different rates of poultry manure. The study was carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Treatments were 0, 3, 5, tons of poultry manure per hectare. The parameters measured were vine length, number of leaves per plant, number of branches per plant, Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), and means were separated using LSD. The results of the study showed that plants that received highest rate of poultry manure (5 tons/ha) were superior in the parameters tested with vine length of 196.9 cm at 8 weeks, mean number of leaves of 67.4 , number of branches/plant of 7.6, and mean number of fruit of 145,043 /ha). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that farmers in the study area apply 5 ton/ha of poultry manure for increased growth and yield of watermelon.

KEYWORDS: Guinea, Savanah, Poultry, Zone, Rate.

 

 

MEDIA COMMUNICATION AND ITS INFLUENCES ON DOMESTIC TOURIST’S CHOICE OF DESTINATIONS IN NIGERIA

MURTALA MOHAMMED ALAMAI1 SHAMSU DAUDA ABDU2 AND ALIYU MUSA3

1Leisure and Tourism Management Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 2Department of Mass Communication, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi 3Department of Library and Information Science, the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi

Abstract

Media today has evolved into a multi-faceted force that has become an integral part of our life, influencing almost everything we do especially in spheres like social interaction, and cultural and educational aspects of our life where the media has a social responsibility to enhance the blending of local, national and international cultural values for enriched politics, society and economy. And tourism forms the basis for articulating the traditions, customs and heritage of the past, the media can in its turn clarify today’s values and civilizations of the different countries and hence attempt to correct any widespread erroneous information. Travel decisions are made by people who have never seen the destination first hand for themselves thus this decision is swayed by what they get from all forms of media accessible to them both prior, during and after the travel. This study seeks to critically asses the influence of media on tourists decision making process as well as on the destination of visit by applying emphatical analyses to literature reviewed by scholars based on events and actions in Nigeria. The findings indicate that media is a critical factor in choice of place, length of stay and when to travel by domestic tourists in Nigeria. A lot of effort is required to build trust and understanding between each other to generate maximum support from the media for respective destination positional efforts thus the need to the need by destination management organisations to always work together with media of all kinds to maximize the benefits of coverage, informed decisions and choice by tourists in the country.

KEYWORDS: Media, Influence, Decisions, Tourists, Destination.

 

 

ANALYSIS OF ANTHROPOGENIC HEAT; IMPACT ON TEMPERATURE FORMATION AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION BALANCE

TANKO, BINIBONORI SALIHU AND ALIYU TIJJANI

Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State. Nigeria

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of anthropogenic heat on formation of urban heat island (UHI) and also determines which factors can directly affect energy use in the city. It explores literally the conceptual framework of confliction between anthropogenic heat and urban structure, which produced UHI intensity and affected energy consumption balance. It then discusses how these two factors can be affected and gives implication to the city and then focuses on whether actions should be taken for balancing adaptation and mitigation of UHI effects. It concluded by making the three important strategies to minimize the impact of UHI on energy consumption: landscaping, using albedo materials on external surfaces of buildings and urban areas, and promoting natural ventilation.

KEYWORDS: Anthropogenic heat, Energy balance, Energy Consumption, Urban Heat Island

 

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