INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED SCIENCES
VOL. 4 NO.1 MAR-2018 ISSN: 1660-5332, 2018
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EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA ON THE OVIPOSTION, EGG HATCHABILITY AND ADULT EMERGENCE OF CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS (F.) ON TREATED COWPEA SEED
- D. ALKALI1 AND N. ABDULLAHI2
1Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Kano State Polytechnics. 2Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University Kano
he efficacy of V. amygdalina ethanolic leaf extract against the oviposition, egg hatchability and adult emergence of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on cowpea treated seed was evaluated at the New Biology Laboratory, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Kano State Polytechnic. Leaf extract from V. amygdalina was obtained by soxchlet extraction method. C. maculatus were obtained along with infested cowpea grains from Dawanau market in Kano State of Nigeria. The insects were reared in the laboratory. Four different concentrations of the leaf extract (1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5g) were separately mixed with twenty gram (20g) of cowpea in separate Petri-dishes which correspond to (5.0, 7.5, 10, and 12.5 w/w %) respectively. Control treatment was also set along. Five (5) adult pairs of newly emerged C. maculatus were introduced into each Petri dish. Oviposition and egg hatchability of the female insect was significantly reduced on seed treated with higher treatment level (10.0 and 12.5 % W/W) of the extract at (p< 0.05), in comparison with the control treatments. C. maculatus adult emergence from seed with varying dose of V. amygdalina significantly reduced (p < 0 .0 5) compared to other treatments. V. amygdalina leaf extracts was effective against oviposition, egg hatchability and adult emergence when compared with the untreated control treatment. The extract therefore has great potential for use as a plant-based biopesticide for controlling pulse beetle (C. maculatus).
KEYWORDS: Vernonia amygdalina, leaf extract, oviposition, adult emergence, and Callasobruchus maculatus
AN INVESTIGATION OF SOME ENERGY DISSIPATION CHANNELS IN THE IONOSPHERE
1AHMADU, M. A., 2SISA, A. A., 3SAMBO, J.
1,2,3Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria
nergy dissipation in the ionosphere have caused an increasing number of major disruptions of important power and communication services, malfunctions and loss of expensive facilities. Here, the electron precipitation energy,w(ep) and joule heating energy, w(jh) was studied using Østgaard’s empirical relation. Hourly provisional data of geomagnetic indices of a complete year was used in the computation, under the assumption that the magnetosphere does not stored any energy, so that at the beginning initial time of the activity was assumed to be zero and end for 24hours.Results obtained shows that the joule heating energy is the dominant energy in the ionosphere and varies day to day and hour to hour and can be estimated in terms of electron precipitation energy as ~3.6 w(ep), which is consistent with many results.
KEYWORDS: Ostgaard’s, ionospheric dissipation, ionosphere, electron precipitation, joule heating
ASSESSMENT OF MACRO NUTRITIVE COMPOSITION OF THREE VARIETIES OF BEANS COLLECTED FROM MARKETS IN KANO, NIGERIA.
1UMMI UMAR AHMED, AND 1AMINU SAMBO
1Department of Science Laboratory Technology, School of Technology, Kano State Polytechnic.
his study evaluated the macro nutritive composition of three common Nigerian beans: Adzuki bean, White bean and Soy bean. The beans were found to contain 6.0% moisture, 34.76% protein, 32.72% carbohydrate 22%, crude lipid and 4.8% ash in soy bean, while exactly 8.8% moisture, 20.65% protein, 63.95% carbohydrate, 2.4% crude lipid and 4.2% ash were determined in white bean. However, in the case of Adzuki bean 10% moisture, 23.41% protein, 62.39% carbohydrates, 1.2% crude lipids, and 3.0% ash were also determined. The analyses showed that soy bean have higher crude protein and lipid than white and adzuki bean. However, white bean and adzuki bean recorded almost the same percentage of carbohydrate (63.95 and 62.39) % respectively than soy bean (32.72%). Bean is an important crop which plays a significant role in the diets of Nigerians. It serves as a major source of protein in the absence of sufficient animal protein for the population.
KEYWORDS: Beans, Consumption, Health, Legumes, and Nutritive-value.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON THE PRICE OF PETROLEUM ON HOW IT AFFECTS PRICE OF FOOD ITEMS IN NIGERIAN ECONOMY
HAMISU IDI, LUKA JOSHUA & M.M MUHAMMAD
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
his study has been carried out to access the statistical analysis on the price of petroleum on how it affects food items in Nigerian economy. This study found on average per capital increment on the various type of food items as the prices of petroleum increases. Data collected on the various types of food item shows 30% and 10% increment on Maize per 5% increase in the price of petroleum in 2001 and 2012 respectively while there is a little increment on the price of millet compared to that of rice and maize. The research work was carried out with the use of a secondary data to get the information needed for the purpose of the study. Method of data analysis used is multiple regression with the aid of SPSS. The recommendation is that the government should create enabling policies to see to the fact that the price of petroleum does not always affect the prices of food items in the country. To this end government should seek the partnership and expertise of relevant petroleum institutes in the country and make sure that the various refineries in the country are been put in good order so as to allow for adequate production of crude oil.
KEYWORDS: Affects, Analysis, Economy, Petroleum, Food Items.
COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOAP PRODUCED FROM VARIOUS VEGETABLE OILS (Palm Kernel, Shear Butter, Olive and Soya Beans Oils)
*YAHAYA MOBMI MUSA, **IDRIS WADA, **TANKO GARBA AND ***SAKE JOHN SHEKARA
*Basic Studies Department Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Science Laboratory Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi ***Rafin Zurfi Bauchi, Bauchi State
Soaps play an essential role in our daily live for cleansing and also removal of germs to keep us safe. Soaps were produced from the various vegetable oils (Palm Kernel, Shear Butter, Olive and Soya Beans Oils. Physical and chemical properties of the soaps such as saponification value, unsaponifiable matter, latherability and total fatty matter were carried out to determine the quality of the soaps produced. The result obtain shows that saponification value range was (167-170mg/KOH/g), unsaponifiable matter ranging from 1.1 to 2.5g/Kg, foaming ability or latherability 70- 100% and total fatty matter was in the range (60-78%). These parameters explains the quality of soap like high total fatty matter, high saponification value, high latherability and low unsaponifiable matter. The results indicated that the soap produced was good soap as. Also, the physical properties of the soaps agreed with the chemical properties of the soap.
KEYWORDS: Various, Soap, Produce, Vegetable, Chemical.
EFFECT OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE IN TRIPLOID INDUCTION IN CLARIAS GARIEPINUS
OLAYIMIKA, SOLOMON O. A. AND OJOMAH, C.
Department Of Water Resources, Aquaculture and Fisheries Technology School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology. Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State
The effects of chemical shock, using 1.0% sodium hypochlorite (10000ppm) to induce triploid on fertilized eggs of Clarias gariepinus was determined in the laboratory. Eggs were artificially fertilized, and subjected to 1.0% sodium hypochlorite (10000ppm) treatments five (5) minutes after fertilization at varied concentrations of 1 ml/l, 2 ml/l and 3 ml/l for 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes then incubated at 28±1 °C for 24 h. The treatments were assessed by comparing fertilized and percent hatchability in the treated groups with the untreated (control) group. Fertilized eggs treated with 1.0% sodium hypochlorite (10000ppm) at concentrations of 1 ml, 2 ml and 3 ml for a period of 5, 10, 15and 20 minutes significantly affected fertilized eggs (P≤0.05), also as the concentration increased in the treatments, fertilized eggs (that survived) and hatchability decreased due to the effect of chemical shock on the eggs.. Mean of water quality parameter were within the range recommended for fresh water fishes. In conclusion, Treatment (1ml) at duration of 5mins gave a better fertilization and hatchability compared to other concentrations . Further research on chromosome analysis to ascertain triplodization of chromosomes.
THE ROLES 0F NUTRITIONAL ORGANISATIONS IN ENSURING FOOD SECURITY AMONG THE POPULACE
HASSAN A.B & YEMISI ADEGBOYE
*Department Of Science Laboratory Technology, School Of Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State **Department Of Hotel And Cathering Management, School Of Science And Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State
he roles of nutritional organization in ensuring food security cannot be over emphasized. There are to allow the efficiency in food production and to regulate the supply in valued chain throughout Nigeria and the world at large. In this paper, attempt has been made in highlighting the various roles of different nutritional organization in Nigeria and the world at large. In negligence and carelessness there has been a great loss as a result to improper orientation to the public regarding the effects of consuming food products that are not medical approved for consumption .Also, effects are been put in place to control the menaces of food security problem.
KEYWORDS: Ensure, Nutritional, Populace, Security, Organizations
EFFECTS OF NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF ONION (ALLIUM CAPA) IN THE NORTHERN GUINEA SAVANNAH OF NIGERIA
*CHIMDI G. O, *HARUNA Y.*ABUBAKAR.I.A AND **ADAMU G,
*Department of Agricultural Technology Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.**Department of forestry Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Field experiments were carried out during 2003/2004 dry season at Bauchi and kardam, Nigeria to study the effects of four nitrogen (0,55,110 and 165kgha-1 and four phosphorus (p205)(0,45,90 and 135kgha-1) fertilizer rates on onion. The treatments where factorially combined in a randomized complete block design with thr5ee replication. Application of nitrogen up to kgha-1 and phosphorus up to 90kgha-1 increased yield, bulb, diameter and bulb yield significantly at Bauchi and kardam respectively. It is concluded therefore, that, as much as 16kg N and 19 kg P205 Kgha-1 are needed to maximize onions bulb yield in the area of study.
KEYWORDS: nitrogen; phosphorus; fertilizer; response; onion.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF RAPID TEST METHOD OF MALARIA DIAGNOSIS OVER PRESUMPTIVE TEST METHOD IN TWO CONVENTIONAL AREAS OF MUBI ADAMAWA STATE.
*1 DEMSHEMINO P.H. M, 1MARTHA G. A. 1AWI M1, DALE, V, R 2 ,YAKUBU S.M1 AND MAHMOOD T.3
1 Department of Biological Science Technology Federal Polytechnic Mubi Adamawa State. 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology Federal Polytechnic Mubi Adamawa State. 3Department of Bio-Medical Science Technology Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State.
he study reports on the Efficacy of Rapid Diagnostic Test method of malaria Diagnosis over presumptive method in Two Conventional Areas of Mubi Metropolis. Blood samples were collected from 100 patients, 50 samples each from both Males and Females where collected in the study areas; the samples were analysed to determine the efficacies of the two test methods and also to ascertain if infection is related to age, sex and location. Results obtained showed that, Rapid Diagnostic Test method proved to be a more useful diagnostic test method as compared to presumptive diagnostic test method as there is a significant difference between the two test methods at (P<0.05) Data generated from this study showed that out of the 100 blood samples examined, 86 were found to be infected with malaria. The males had higher infection rate 45% than the females 41%, it is therefore, recommended that the Rapid Test Diagnostic Method should be employed in place of presumptive Test Method and the communities should also be educated on the Prevalence of malaria, mode of transmission, causative agent and vectors. While patients infected should be treated adequately.
KEYWORDS: Rapid tests method, Presumptive test method, Prevalence rate, infectivity rate.
A SURVEY OF THE CHALLENGES IN THE USE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES IN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS (A STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI, BAUCHI STATE).
*ABDULAZIZ SULE MOHAMMED, *ADAMU IBRAHIM, **ADAMU HASSAN ***SUBERU YUSUF
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi **Muhammadu Wabi Library, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi ***Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
he study is on a Survey of the challenges in the Use of Electronic Information Resources in Academic Institutions with Federal Polytechnic Bauchi used as a study area. The survey research method was used, the target population comprised of both academic and non academic staff members drawn from various departments in the institution. Questionnaires were used in collecting the data, where options were attached for the respondents to tick. A total of 137 copies of questionnaires were distributed to acquire relevant data. The data were analyzed by calculated mean scores of the data collected using five-point likert Rating Scales. A lot of factors have contributed to the lack of adequate use of electronic information resources in the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi ranging from lack of appropriate funding, insufficient power supply and Inadequate ICT skills as well as negative attitudes displayed by management in developing ICT skills of staff. Some recommendations were made to help proffer solutions to the problems identified.
KEYWORDS: Electronic Information Resources, Survey and challenges
COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THE CONTROL OF HIV/AIDS DISEASE IN ADAMAWA STATE NIGERIA: A HETEROSEXUAL POPULATION
BULUS, L.D1 SAJOH, D.I.2 WADZANI A. GADZAMA3
1Departmnet of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi P.M.B.35 Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria 2Department of Computer Science, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria 3ICT Unit, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi P.M.B.35 Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria
omputational model for the control HIV/AIDS disease in a heterosexual population was carried out. Results from the numerical experiments show that, HIV/AIDS can be eradicated under a specific condition. From these results, we see that the control of HIV/AIDS in heterosexual populations is dependent on the following factors: Rate of taking the preventive measures, average number of contacts, the time of initiation of the preventive measures and the consistency use of the preventive measures by both susceptible and infected. The physical interpretations of the results indicate further that HIV/AIDs can be controlled in finite time under these conditions mention above. Eradication of the disease has been found to be dependent on the rate of use of these preventive measures. Behavioural change remains the best practices in effective control of HIV/AIDS.
KEYWORDS: Computation, HIV/AIDS, Heterosexual, Model, Preventive Measures
DATA OFFLOADING TECHNIQUES IN WIFI NETWORKS: A SURVEY
OGAH U. S.1, AHMED A. M.2, & ADAMU G. M.3
1, 2 & 3Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic Mubi.
obile data explosion is now a challenge to cellular networks; data offloading stands out as a likely and low cost solution to reduce the load on the network through a new hybrid network paradigm that influences the existence of multiple alternative communication channels. It is of importance that distinctive architectures be developed to handle such large data. In this paper, we reviewed the different techniques for data offloading and proposed an integrated architecture of Metropolitan Advanced Delivery Network (MADNet) that consists of cellular networks, WiFi networks, and mobile-to-mobile Pocket Switched Networks (PSNs) which we believe that this architecture can provide a low-cost solution in parallel with other solutions like High Speed Packet Access (HSPA). The paper went further to describe in details the unique functionalities needed to implement and enhanced mobile data offloading using the MADNet architecture. Finally, it’s important for operators to implement and see the workability of the architecture.
KEYWORDS: Survey, Data, Techniques, Offloading, Networks.
INFLUENCE OF AGRIBOOM AND BIONIM ORGANIC FERTILIZER RATES ON GROWTH AND YIELD PARAMETERS OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.) IN SOKOTO, NIGERIA
*DALATU, I.S., **A.B. MUSTAPHA, **A. ALKALI AND *A. MUSTAPHA
*Department of Agricultural Engineering Technology, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri **Department of Agricultural Technology, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri
Field trials were conducted at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto Fadama Teaching and Research Farm, located at Kwalkwalawa Village during the 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 dry seasons to study the influence of Agriboom and Bionim fertilizer rates on growth and yield parameters of onion (Allium cepa L.).. Treatments consisted of factorial combination of five level of each of Agriboom fertilizer (0, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 ml/ha), Bionim fertilizer (0, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 kg/ha). Red Bombay Onion variety was used for the experiments. Treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated three times. Results of the study indicated that Agriboom fertilizer at the rate of 4000 ml/ha consistently recorded the highest values for all the parameters studied except plant height during the first season did not respond significantly to Agriboom fertilization, and the effect of Bionim fertilizer on bulb diameter was not significant during the second season . Similarly, the use of 1000 kg/ha of Bionim fertilizer showed superiority among the treatments in all the parameters investigated. From the finding of this research it could be concluded that 4000 ml/ha of Agriboom organic fertilizer combined with 1000 kg/ha of Bionim organic fertilizer rates gave the best results.
KEYWORDS: Agriboom, Bionim, Fertilizers, Growth, Yield and Onion