INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCE (IJHSS) VOL. 4 NO.4


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCE

VOL. 4 NO.4 MAR-2018 ISSN: 1021-3197


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Mediterranean Scholar Publications and Research International,

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PAPERS:

 

AWARENESS OF GENOTYPE AND THE PRACTICE OF PREMARITAL SCREENING FOR SICKLE CELL DISEASE IN KANO METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

1M.A. HARUNA, 2HANNATU KABIR

1Department of SociologyBayero University Kano

Abstract

T

he objective of this paper is to examine the awareness of the people living in Kano Metropolis on genotype, premarital screening for sickle cell anemia and its practice. The focus of the paper is on whether they are aware of their genotype and premarital screening for sickle cell anemia or not. It is also concerned with whether they practice premarital screening for sickle cell anemia or not. Rational Choice theory reviewed and adopted the theoretical frame work. A questionnaire was distributed to a total number of 386 respondents were selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique for the collection of the data used for writing this paper. Four local governments were selected out of eight by using a simple random sampling of balloting. Simple percentages from the tables and cross tabulations were used in analyzing the data. The finding shows that majority (63.2%) of the respondents is not aware of their genotype and among the few that are aware; there are more males than females. Also majority (77.5%) are aware of sickle cell anemia and 66 percent among them are aware of premarital screening. Among those who are aware, 66.8 percent are willing to practice premarital screening. It is recommended that the government should embark on enlightenment campaign on the awareness of premarital screening for sickle cell anemia and the significance of its practice.

KEYWORDS: Sickle cell, Awareness, Genotype, Premarital Screening, Marriage.

 

EXPOSURE AND PREFERENCE TO NOLLYWOOD AND HOLLYWOOD FILMS AMONG RESIDENTS OF YELWA COMMUNITY IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS

ABUBAKAR BABA GARBA, SHAMSU DAUDA ABDU

Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.

Abstract

T

his study examines “Exposure and Preference to Nollywood and Hollywood Films among Residents of Yelwa Community in Bauchi Metropolis”. The central objective of the research is to determine the exposure, preference and attitude of the respondents to Hollywood and Nollywood films. Looking at the society today, by the emergence of films and western education, it could be observed that customary, ethical and moral values put in the past by our ancestors have been eroded owing to the audience exposure to both or either foreign or local (Nollywood And Hollywood) movies. This is because audience watches movies with rapt attention whether for entertainment, information, companionship or to while away time. Survey research method was adopted through the use of convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using table, frequency, chats and percentage method. The research findings revealed that people exposed and preferred Hollywood to Nollywood. Some of the reasons stem out from the fact that Hollywood films are more technologically advanced than Nollywood and have better quality of still and motion pictures. Therefore, it is recommended that Nollywood should get more sophisticated equipment that will help them in capturing qualitative still and motion images and their editing suit and locations should always be kept in place and should depict the scenario so as to enable them get the best.

KEYWORDS: Nollywood, Hollywood, Resident, Community, Metropolis

 

LEADERSHIP INCOMPETENCE, THE ROOT CAUSE OF AFRICA’S UNDERDEVELOPMENT: THE NIGERIAN EXAMPLE.

 

 

*VEN. EGESI JONATHAN C., **EGESI JULIET ADAKU & *UCHECHI DIKE

*Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo Ohaji **Pg School, Imo State University

Abstract

T

he importance of sound, competent and capable leadership in any firm, country or institution cannot be undermined. Leadership forms the gamut and in real fact is the engine room of any organization that must succeed. The above is one that the people of the western worlds take for serious but in developing countries like Nigeria, the case is different. From the first to the last man in Nigeria for example, nobody have come to realize that leadership cannot be compromised if we genuinely want to develop and infact move to the next level. This ignorance makes African countries to wangle from one level to another only to see the same problem /issue of underdevelopment hunting after us. This research is occasioned by our discouraging level of development owing much to our bad or low class of leaders at the helm of affairs. The researchers adopted series of techniques in data collection. The techniques adopted are interviews, the use of questionnaires, periodicals, textbooks, newspapers not leaving out the interest. The work concluded with the scholars enjoining Nigerians to be careful in our choice of leaders for good leaders ensures good leadership while bad leaders cannot make good leadership.

KEYWORDS: Leadership, incompetence, Africa, Underdevelopment, Root

 

AN OVERVIEW OF MEDICAL CONFIDENTIALLITY IN NIGERIA.

*PEACE JOHN SHEKARA **TANCIT DANJUMA ***UMAR IBRAHIM WUNTI & ****NANRIBET FWANGVIL FOTSHAK

*Estate Managing Department Federal Polytechnic Bauchi **Heritage Chambers Attorneys at Law Bauchi ***Department Of General Studies Federal Polytechnic Bauchi ****Federal College Of Education Panshin.

Abstract

M

edical confidentiality is the bedrock or corner stone of medical practice without which medical profession cannot achieve its purpose of adequately administering treatment to patients and eventually undermine the integrity of the medical profession by eroding people confidence in health practitioner. This paper examined the duty of confidentiality in medical practice, its exception, the legal and institutional framework of medical confidentiality in Nigerian. Using the doctrinal research method we have achieved the aim of identifying the scope of medical confidentiality and how the breach of this duty have negatively affected majority of the Nigeria population .we experienced time limitation in the course of this study. What is medical confidentiality? What are the exceptions to medical confidentiality? what is the impact of it’s breach on Nigerian ?are the statements of the problem. The combination of analytical, historical and descriptive research methodologies were adopted for the analysis and presentation of this work. We concluded that the duty of confidentiality is not strictly adhered to in Nigeria due to lack of proper punishment of the erring practitioners and recommended that Nigerian should be educated on their rights of medical confidentiality and stricker punishment be given to the erring practitioners or institutions.

KEYWORDS: Medical, Confidentiality, Overview, Study, Nigeria

 

CHALLENGES OF INTERGROUP RELATIONS AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

AYESORO SUNDAY ADESINA, OJO STEPHEN SUNDAY Ph.D AND JUMMAI JAKONDA AGARA

Social Development Department, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia

Abstract

N

igeria as a nation is characterized by an acute ethnic pluralism and this has presented itself as a clog in the wheel of her progress and national development. In essence, challenges of inter-group relations in Nigeria have become a monster, standing against her national development despite the huge potentials. This paper takes a look at the challenges of intergroup relations in Nigeria, which are considered to include: ethnicism, prejudice, religious discriminations. The paper concludes that the promotion of religious discriminations and bigotry as a weapon in the hands of the political class has divided Nigerians and this has hindered national cohesion necessary for national development. It therefore recommends among others that government at all levels should criminalize ethnicism and religious discriminations in Nigeria.

KEYWORDS: challenges, inter-group relations, national development.

 

EVALUATING WILDLIFE PROTECTION IN NATIONAL PARKS: A CASE OF YANKARI GAME RESERVE AND SAFARI

DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU1 UKONU IJEOMA CHINYERE2

1Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Bauchi State 2Department of hospitality management, Federal polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi state

Abstract

T

he protective nature of wildlife in most of the national parks in Nigeria has remained a big challenge to the parks management in Nigeria. It is glaring that animals have been illegally hunted and poached by subsistence and commercial hunters, which hinders sustainability. This paper explores the opportunity to evaluate wildlife protection in national parks, a case of Yankari   game reserve and safari. Conceptual definition of national parks and wildlife were carefully made. The survey method was adopted using the self completion questionnaire to obtain data.113 questionnaire were administered and were dully filled by the respondents selected from 3 national parks within Nigeria, namely Bauchi, Taraba and cross river. Among the major findings is that wildlife has been challenged with different threats such as poaching and deforestation which has hindered sustainability. Therefore, it is recommended among others that involving the local community is a veritable measure in curing extinctions in national parks. Government should make stringent laws that will prevent indiscriminate poaching and deforestation of flora in its habitats because wood and charcoal are priced as affordable energy source in a country where poverty levels are high.

KEYWORDS: Evaluating, wildlife, poaching, protection and national parks

 

PARADOX OF RESOURCE CURSE IN NIGERIA’S CONTEXT

MUSTAPHA ALI1 AND AHMED HASSAN1

Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.

Abstract

E

xperiences of countries in the Global South tend to confirm the notion of resource curse. Endowments such as oil, diamond or gold for instance, ought to provide the ‘take-off’ necessary for primary goods exporting countries to propel into sustainable economic growth and development. Unfortunately, various forms of externalities have stolen the show which made countries in desperate need for development in order to minimize poverty among the population to derail from the right path onto the path of parochialism. Elites in the resource-rich countries consistently imbibed the culture of waste, corruption, nepotism and sheer incompetence at the expense of the welfare of the entire nation. However, certain scholars have cautioned that the notion of resource curse is not entirely conclusive. Nigeria has been an unfortunate development story. In terms of every parameter, Nigeria’s economic performance since independence has been a failure.

KEYWORDS: Resource curse, endowments, poverty, rents, royalties.

 

APRODUCTION AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF SOYA BEANS IN BAKERY (CASE STUDY OF BREAD, AND COOKIES)

1DIMFWINA N TONGSHINEN, 2NDUKWE CHIDIBERE, 3OKODUWA HUMPHREY & 4API KATURA AJAL

1, 2, 3&4Hospitality Management Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P. M. B. 0231, Bauchi.

Abstract

B

akery products are major food in many countries, so the addition of soya beans to bakery product, will improve the quantity and quality in the diet. The consumption of baked goods such as cookies and, bread produced from wheat flour is very popular, but the low protein content of wheat flour, which is the most vital ingredient used for the production of different kinds of baked goods has been major concern in its utilization. The objective of the study was to produce cookies and, bread using soya beans, carryout sensory evaluation on cookies and, bread made from soya beans, and to determine the acceptability of soya beans cookies and, bread for commercialization. The study population was the students, staff of the Hospitality management Technology department of the Federal Polytechnic and industry professionals within the community which was randomly selected. The sample selected for this research for the sensory evaluation was (30) thirty panel of judges who were randomly selected from the population. Data analysis used for this study was the descriptive statistics. Results was represented in tables where sample A2 Shows the result of cookies using soybeans flour, and sample A3 reveals the result of baking cookies using fifty (50) percent wheat flour and fifty percent soybeans flour. The best result obtain was sample A3.

KEYWORDS: Production, Sensory, Evaluation, Soya Beans and Bakery

 

AN OVERVIEW OF ECOTOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

OBED L. KPADJI AND FIMBER S. AGBU

Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia.

Abstract

S

ometimes the concept of ecotourism is widely misunderstood and most times used as a marketing tool in order to promote tourism products and businesses related to nature. Ecotourism means not only nature based environment. It also includes indigenous culture. Truly, ecotourism represent only “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the wel-being of the local people” (TIES 1990). The concept of ecotourism connotes travel to relatively undisturbed or protected natural/social environment with a view to promote understanding, improve wel-being of host communities, and most importantly contributing to the conservation of such environment. Ecotourism potentials abound in Nigeria, ranging from vast coastlines, beaches, vegetation cover, weather, landmass to flora and fauna. This paper provides an overview of ecotourism development in Nigeria, examines the principles of sustainable development and identified challenges and recommendations for sustainable development of ecotourism potentials in Nigeria.

KEYWORDS: Ecotourism, Overview, Sustainable, Development, vegetation

 

HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN NIYI OSUNDARE’S POETRY

SHEHU GARBA SUNUSI

Department of Basic Studies, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

Abstract

T

he paper analysed and discussed human rights violations in selected poems of Niyi Osundare. The collections from which the poems were selected include: Songs of the Marketplace, Village Voices and The Eye of the Earth. The problems of human violations in Africa and the rest of the world are endemic. Even though human rights violations permeate all aspects of the Nigerian society, majority of the citizens appear helpless and hapless. Literature has been a powerful tool by which literary artists articulate the socio-political problems of society. The literary theories adopted for the study are the Sociological Literary Criticism, the Marxist Literary Theory, the Thematic Approach as well as the Stylistic approach. The paper found that human rights violations in the Nigerian society are mostly carried out by the leaders with active collaboration of the security agencies. The paper concluded that human rights violation can be reduced significantly if the people are politically conscious of their rights as citizens and they are also willing to participate in the electoral process.

KEYWORDS: Abuse, Exploitation, Human Rights, Inequality, Injustice, Violation.

 

SIWES: FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN OTM DEPARTMENT IN POLYTECHNICS

ABRAHAM-IBE, I.G. (MRS)

Department of Office Technology and Management, School of Management and Business Studies, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos.

Abstract

T

his study investigated the relevance of Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) in the academic performances of students in Office Technology and Management (OTM) department in Polytechnics using Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), Enugu, Enugu State as the study centre. The population of the study was made up of two hundred (200) ND 2 students of which one hundred (100) were randomly sampled. The design of the study was simple survey design. Three research questions and two hypotheses were postulated and a structured questionnaire was validated and administered to generate data from the respondents. The statistical tool used was weighted mean, Likert scale and chi-square respectively. Findings showed that SIWES exposes students to the practical aspect of the theoretical lessons thereby improving them academically and socially even after graduation. However, the some recommendations were made among others that institutions should endeavour to secure placements for students and post them accordingly to avoid time wasting.

KEYWORDS: SIWES, Industrial, Training, Fund, Preparatory, Skill Acquisition.

 

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF SECRETARIAL PROFESSIONALS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION TOWARDS ACHIEVING CHANGE AGENDA

CEPHAS N. LEKA, ASOGWA, O. SYLVESTER, IFESI, CECILIA AND EZE, GREGORY AMAECHI

School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.

Abstract

The role of Secretarial Professionals in fighting corruption in Nigeria in order to achieve Change Agenda has been examined in this paper. Types of corruption existing within the different public sectors (the civil service, tertiary institutions, examination bodies and research institutes, the police, the power holding company, the executive/legislature and the judiciary) in Nigerian government are found to vary from one sector to another. Qualifications, duties of a secretary in an organization, contributions of secretaries towards fighting corruption and how the fight against corruption will help in realizing the change agenda in Nigeria. The authors recommended among others thatThe secretarial profession should with immediate effect invoke all ethical principles to moderate the excesses of the practitioners; anyone found guilty should be punished accordingly. A process should be put in place to establish a regulating body that will be responsible for registering anybody who wants to practice as a Professional Secretary.

KEYWORDS: Corruption, Secretarial Professionals, Ethics, Contribution, Change Agenda.

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