JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Vol. 11 No. 7)


JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

December, 2017 Vol. 11 No. 7



 Published by:

Hummingbird Publications and Research International,

Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18, Justice Sowemimo Street,

Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro. P.O. BOX 16868, Wuse 3,

Abuja-FCT, Nigeria.

Copyright © 2017 Hummingbird Publications and Research International 



  

ALIGNMENT OF THE AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY (ABU) BACHELOR OF SCIENCE EDUCATION CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM WITH THE CONTENTS OF CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM FOR SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

SAMUEL-OKEY, FATUMA COMFORT

Department of Integrated Science, Federal College of Education Zaria, Kaduna State

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the ABU B.Sc. (Ed.) Chemistry Curriculum in relation to the professional needs of the SSS Chemistry teachers. The total population of 400 Level B. Sc. (Ed) Chemistry students (21) constituted the population of the study. The instruments for data collection were Difficult Topics in Chemistry questionnaire (DTC) and Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT). The DTC questionnaire which consisted of fifteen topics considered difficult, was validated and used by some earlier researchers in science education. The questionnaire was administered on the students to obtain their perception on the fifteen topics considered difficult. To further authenticate the response on the DTC, the CAT was administered on the students. The findings from the study showed that only two out of the fifteen topics were perceived by the students as difficult to understand. The study also showed that though the ABU B. Sc. (Ed.) Chemistry Curriculum contains relevant learning experiences to help prospective B.Sc. (Ed.) chemistry teachers perform effectively, the respondents could not answer simple SSCE questions given to them in the Chemistry Achievement Test. The findings calls to question the response obtained from the DTC questionnaire. Based on this findings some recommendations were made among which include: more emphasis should be placed  on knowledge acquisition rather than certificate and examination scores,  and hence all prospective Chemistry teachers should be tested on achievement in Chemistry before employment and also be given periodic training in Chemistry contents irrespective of the grades on their certificates.

Keyword: Education, Curriculum, Content, Alignment, Bachelor

 

MODELLING THE RECOVERY FROM BIODIVERSITY LOSS TO BIODIVERSITY GAIN USING A MATLAB ALGORITHM

1ATSU, J. U. 2EKE, NWAGRABE 3EKAKA-A, E. N.

1Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria. 2Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State 3Department of Mathematics, Rivers State University Nkporlu–Oroworukwo,Port Harcourt, Rivers State.

ABSTRACT

Due to the devastating consequences of biodiversity loss on the ecosystem services and on the human life in particular, it is imperative to think clearly on how to apply the technique of a numerical mathematics to model biodiversity. One of the short term strategic ideas is to model the recovering from biodiversity loss to biodiversity gain by using a computationally efficient numerical scheme of ODE 45. The application of this method has enabled us to identify new parameter values of the intrinsic growth rates together that will consistently predict biodiversity gain. These new results that we have obtained have not been seen elsewhere; these are fully presented and discussed quantitatively.

Keyword: Biodiversity loss, ecosystem services, numerical scheme, sustainable solution, intrinsic growth rate.

 

 

SLUM OCCURRENCE IN IBADAN: FORMATION FACTORS AND ARCHITECTS’ ROLES IN SLUM PREVENTION AND CONTROL.

OGUNTUNDE, DAVID OLAOLU & ADEYEMI-DORO, O.B.A.

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Studies, the Polytechnic, Ibadan.

ABSTRACT

The Slum settlements in many of 21st century Nigerian built environments are inevitable phenomena, essentially caused by rapid urbanization and the inequality in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. As a result, living condition in these settlements suffer from overcrowding, flooding, dilapidated structures, deteriorating air quality, improper waste disposal, limited access to clean water, poor sanitation and host of other physical deterioration and infrastructures decadence.  This study examines and unravels the occurrence factors of slums in Ibadan, Nigeria, and the roles of Architects to its prevention and control. Data for the study were gathered from secondary sources, author’s observation & assessment and primary data collected from the residents of Eight (8) selected slum settlements in Ibadan, characterized by high densities. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, frequency and cross-tabulation methods and it was found that slum is formed by various factors such as illiteracy, inadequate planned land use & non-secure land tenure, poverty, poor construction and weak development control. Finally, it posits that in regeneration policy; planning and implementation should be inclusive of the input of Architects working closely with slum dwellers, administrators and other relevant stakeholders to ensure that occurrences of slums are reduced to barest minimum.

Keyword: Slum, Urbanization, Regeneration, Built-environments, Physical deterioration.

 

 

ON A TWO-SEX MODEL FOR GONORRHEA TRANSMISSION DYNAMICS INCORPORATING TREATMENT AND CONDOM USE

1O. ABU AND 2P.N. OKOLO

1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Nigeria 2Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Nassarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study are: first, to develop a model for gonorrhea transmission and control; secondly, to derive an epidemic threshold and thirdly to prove the stability of both the disease-free and endemic equilibrium states. A system of ordinary differential equations was formulated. The effective reproduction number,  as an epidemic threshold, was constructed using the next generation method. Using the linearization method, the local stability of the disease-free equilibrium state was proved for  The stability of the endemic equilibrium state was established using the centre manifold theory.

Keyword: Gonorrhea disease, effective reproduction number, equilibrium state, centre manifold theory

 

 

CURBING NATIONAL SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)

SAMAILA DANIEL HASSAN,1 ELIJAH DAVID KURE2, ZAYANU NUHU3, KUJORE OPEYEMI EMMANUEL4,

2,4 Computer Engineering Technology Department, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria 1,3Electrical/Electronics Engineering Technology Department, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria

ABSTRACT

In our today’s Information Technology (IT) industry, Imagine a world where billions of objects can sense, communicate and share information, all interconnected over public or private Internet Protocol (IP) networks. These interconnected objects have data regularly collected, analysed and used to initiate action, providing a wealth of intelligence for planning, management and decision making. This is the world of the Internet of Things (IoT). The security of lives and property is the key issue to be looked upon with keen interest by both Nigerian government and the populace, because a nation without adequate security of lives and property is a nation heading to doom. The security threat from different sects and groups to the nation is daily on the increase. This paper focuses on the application of this technology the Internet of Things (IoT) in curbing the security challenges in Nigeria.

Keyword: Information Technology, Security, Internet Protocol, Objects, Network.

 

 

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND BIOACTIVITY OF ZINGIBER OFFICINALE EXTRACT AGAINST ESCHERICHIA COLI AND PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA

Ado, A., Sulaiman, S. S.  and *Chonoko, U. G.

Department of Applied Science, College of Science and Technology, Kaduna, Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Nutritional value and bioactivity of Zingiber officinale rhizome collected from Abubakar Gummi central market, Kaduna, Nigeria against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were carried out using standard procedures. Result of phytochemical screening reveals the presence of tannins, flavonoids, and steroids in the Zingiber officinale rhizome. The crude methanolic soluble extract (F1) and all the fractions with the exception of water soluble fraction (F3) demonstrated broad spectra of activity against the isolates both at 103 and 102 µg/ml. The F3 was found inactive against the isolates at 102 µg/ml. Z. officinale rhizome could serve as a potential source of therapy for the treatment of gastroenteritis.

Keyword: Nutritional Value, Bioactivity, Zingiber officinale Phytochemical Screening, Tannins, Flavonoids, Steroids, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.    

 

 

BOKO HARAM: HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATION, POLICE BRUTALITY A BANE OF NIGERIA’S PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT

*BASHIRU USMAN & **ZAINAB MOHAMMED BELLO

*Department of Mass Communication, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria **Department of Business Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Peace and sustainable security is fundamental in every society, thus living in fear and uncertainty is the most dreaded situation. Since 2009, Nigeria has been battling to end an insurgency orchestrated by Boko Haram sect. Fatal activities of the sectarians claimed over ten (10) thousand lives, destroyed properties worth billions of Naira and displaced over two (2) million people in the North eastern part of the country. This paper therefore, examined how human right violation in form of police brutality caused indignation and collective action which started as reprisal attack, but metamorphosed to violent extremism; it traced the origin of the Nigerian police and discovered why they behave in the particular way. The paper also exposes how impunity and negligence of authorities gave birth to, and nurtures the insurgency; the modus operandi and dimensions of the insurgency; casualties recorded as result of the apocalyptic activities of Boko Haram sects; and effects of the insurgency on the development of the country. Specifically, the paper adopts the relative deprivation theory to explain why Boko Haram sect took up arm and embarked on rampant indiscriminate killings, and proffered possible solutions to arrest the menace and forestall its reoccurrence.

Keyword: Boko Haram, Relative Deprivation, Police Brutality

 

 

THE EVALUATION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARY SERVICES IN WAZIRI UMARU FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC LIBRARY, KEBBI STATE OF NIGERIA

OMORODION E. EMMANUEL & HARUNA RASHEED

Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State

ABSTRACT

This paper critically examined and evaluate the polytechnic library services rendered to staff and students of federal polytechnic birnin kebbi and it’s environ, with the aims of improving on its operations and proffering solution to the problems faced by the polytechnic library. Relevant literature searches were conducted to further throw more light on the subject. The survey research method was adopted for this paper and a questionnaire was served to librarians, lecturers and student of the above institution to generate data. Descriptive statistics was used in analysing the data collected. Specifically percentages and tables were used. It was discovered that the funds allocated to the polytechnic library by the institution was inadequate to run the library.  It was recommended that the institution has to increase the subvention given to the polytechnic library for better productivity and to provide efficient and effective services to both staff and students of the institution.

Keyword: Academic, Library, Library services, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Library

 

 

UNE ÉTUDE POST-COLONIALE DE LA SECRETAIRE PARTICULIERE DE JEAN PLIYA

AKANDE, OLUBUKOLA ABOSEDE (MME)

Département de Français, Ecoles des Langues, Emmanuel Alayande Collège d’Education, Oyo.

Abstract

This paper is a postcolonial study of la Secrétaire particulière written in 1973 by Jean Pliya. It is a play of five acts that describes the socio-political status of African nations especially the civil servants in the public service in Benin Republic where comes the author. The aim of this work is: to reveal the elements of colonialism in the Republic of Benin; to examine the economic, political and socio-cultural effects of colonial power on the colonized and the coloniser; and to decolonise the local through anti-colonial agency in this drama. This paper uses postcolonialism and its discursive strategies such as Irony, Allegory, Colonialism, Imperialism and Contamination to analyse the themes such as Corruption in the Public Service, Exploitation of Black by Black, Decolonisation of African Culture, Unemployment and Female-child Education and Public job in la Secrétaire particulière. The conclusion reveals that elements of colonialism can still be read in the behaviours, practices and minds of African people especially people in the Republic of Benin despite years of Independence of this French colony and that the anti-colonial agency stands by resisting neo-colonialism and decolonising the local.

Keywords: Postcolonial Studies, Colonialism, la Secrétaire particulière, Postcolonialism, Irony, Allegory, Imperialism and Contamination

 

 

REPOSITIONING THE LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

*HAUWA USMAN BAPPAH, *MOHAMMED SALLAU SHEME & **ADAMU YAHAYA

*Isa Kaita Library, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna **College Environmental Studies Library

ABSTRACT

The paper focuses on the role of information and communication technology in the transformation of library services in higher institutions of learning toward National development in Nigeria. Technological development in the field of computer network boost the function of libraries, particularly academic libraries. Retrieval and dissemination of information has greatly improved because of computer technology there by making teaching, learning and research easier, faster and less costly. Resources sharing became easier and above all libraries can successfully manage the exponential growth of information. The paper highlighted inadequate funding, dearth of ICT infrastructure and facilities, irregular supply of electricity as some of the stumbling block to successful information and communication technology implementation in libraries. While adequate funding, regular power supply, acquisition of relevant qualification and regular training of librarians as well as purchase of modern ICTs infrastructure and facilities among others were identified as recommendations for successful implementation of ICT in tertiary institutions for sustainable national development in Nigeria.

Keyword: Library, information service, higher institutions, National Development.

 

 

THE PLACE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNICATION: A NARRATIVE REVIEW

OBERIRI DESTINY APUKE,  KWASE AUDU DOGARI & LIVINUS JESSE AYIH

Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, PMB 1167 Jalingo, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Social media are increasingly used to convey information during crises, to send warnings, to conduct situational awareness, catalyze action, sustain dialogs, and feedback loops among public authorities, volunteer groups, the business sector, and citizens. As such, this paper explicates the role of social media adoption and utilization in crisis management. It is a blueprint that guides organization and practitioners on social media utilization in crisis. A narrative literature review was adopted as the design. Data sources included Google Scholar, Google, and the Web of science. The narrative review was conducted between June 2017 to November 2017. This study demonstrates the application of different social media platform base on their specifics and technological capabilities and how well it can be used for crisis management and communication.

Keyword: social media, information, crisis, crisis management, Facebook, Twitter, blogs.

 

 

UTILIZATION OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES AND SERVICES BY ACADEMIC STAFF OF KADUNA POLYTECHNIC:  A CASE STUDY OF ISA KAITA LIBRARY KADUNA POLYTECHNIC

*ISAH IDRIS GULU **MOHAMMED SALAU SHEME *LAWAL IBRAHIM ADAMU BIU

*Department of Library and Information Science, Kaduna Polytechnic **Isa Kaita Library, Kaduna Polytechnic

ABSTRACT

Library and information services are key element in libraries since time immemorial. The use of electronic resources and services has caused a transformation in the user`s perception from what is been hosted in the library to how and when services are rendered to fulfill their requests. The study examines utilization of electronic information resources and services (EIRS) by the academic staff of Kaduna Polytechnic. Survey research method was used for the study. 1586 academic staff constituted the population while 200 questionnaires were returned and used for the study. Among findings are:- Majority of the academic staff (80%) indicates research as the purpose of utilizing electronic   information resources and services and 47.5% e-library users were facing problem of adequate power supply. Extension of Electronic Resources and Services to user’s offices and classes through online e.g. web OPACS, provision of E- Library, subscription of  e- journals, e- books and e- magazine as well as regular power supply or green energy were identified as recommendations for efficient and effective utilization of  E-resources.

Keyword: Electronic, Academic, Utilization, Service, Resources

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