PAVING WAY FOR AFRICAN UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY
SEPTEMBER 30, 2015
UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, CONFERENCE CENTRE, U.I. IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA.
ACHIEVING SELF-EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS THROUGH POLYTECHNIC AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN RIVERS STATE (A QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS)
*NWEKE, EMMANUEL ONYEKACHI, * TAMUNOKUBIE, PAUL & ** DIBIAH, SAMUEL
*Department of Office Technology & Management School of Management Sciences Rivers State College of Arts & Science Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria **Banking and Finance Department Rivers State College of Arts & Science Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
In this era of shrinking economic activities, governments at all levels should endeavor to provide the necessary infrastructures and policies that are required for skill acquisition among its citizenry. This is because without appropriate policy and technological skill, entrepreneurial spirit which drives economic development, through job creation will be lacking. Technical Education therefore, is essential for economic and social development of a country. Developing individuals to be well trained and motivated in technical skill will be a step in the right direction. Vocational and technical education is concerned with the acquisition of knowledge and skills for the world of work. This is any education, training and learning activity leading to the acquisition of knowledge, understanding and skills which are relevant for employment or self-employment. This paper enunciates the potent role of technical and vocational education in providing employment in Rivers State. The steps which the state government has taken in promoting vocational and technical education are also explained in this paper. Since the efforts of governments, in promoting vocational and technical education in the country generally, have been little, recommendations on how to solve the re-occurring problems of the subject have been elucidated.
ADOPTION OF COST CONTROL & COST REDUCTION TECHNIQUES: MANAGERIAL TOOLS FOR IMPROVED PRODUCTIONS, EFFICIENCY MID SURVIVAL OF NIGERIAN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.
SANI, ALFRED ILEMONIA
Accounting and Business Administration Department, Federal University Kashere, P.M.B. 0182 Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria
In the past decades especially during the prolonged military era, the manufacturing industry in Nigeria faced dramatic negative changes in their business environment due to excessive dependence on imported raw materials, poor infrastructural facilities and unprecedented fall in capital utilization that led to low productivity in tile sector. I cost incurrence has led to inability of Nigerian manufacturing firms to produce quality goods that can compete favorably with foreign ones. Low patronage from Nigerian manufactured goods has negatively affected their survival. The paper therefore looks at high cost incurrence as a major factors impeding the survival of manufacturing firms in Nigeria and the techniques that can be adopted by manufacturers to reduce the cost of their production while maintaining productive efficiency and quality of their products with recommendation that manufacturing firms in Nigeria should adopt cost reduction measures in their production processes with a called on the government to promptly intervene in the provision of infrastructure particularly power and energy which is critical to production.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND YOUTH EMPLOYMENT: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
AFOLABI, M.A, ADEYEMO, S.A, & ALABI, EZEKIEL
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Osun State Iree, Nigeria
One of the serious challenges facing Nigeria today is the youth unemployment with the ripple effect of their resort to violent crimes. This paper examined the effect of entrepreneurship education on youth employment in Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was employed to collect data from one hundred and fifty-five (155) respondents through purposive sampling method. Simple regression was used with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze the data collected in order to determine the effect of independent variable (entrepreneurship education) on dependent variable (youth employment). The result showed that entrepreneurship education is a major source of inspirational trigger that positively impact on venture creation. It was concluded that predictor variable namely (entrepreneurship education) is 48.8% variance of youth employment. However, the result has a valuable implication for policy makers in higher education, school administrators and educators. It was therefore, recommended that for a nation to achieve meaningful and sustainable economic development adequate attention must be given to wide spread of economic activities through entrepreneurship education in our tertiary institutions.
EMPIRICAL STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG POLYTECHNIC STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE
ALABI, EZEKIEL, OGUNLEYE, P.O & AFOLABI, M.A
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria
This paper examined the factors influencing entrepreneurial intentions among polytechnic students in Osun State. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 150 respondents through purposive sampling technique. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the effect of independent variables, socio-demographic dimensions on dependent variable, entrepreneurial intentions. The result of the study revealed that socio-demographic dimensions have significant effect on entrepreneurial intentions. The study also revealed that family background has higher beta score than any other factors that influence the dependent variable. It was concluded that predictor variables namely (family background, entrepreneurship education and desire for independence) are 64.7% variance of entrepreneurial intentions among the students. This study, therefore recommended that entrepreneurship education should be introduced in all educational levels and not only in the tertiary institutions of learning but should cut across all educational programmes or courses. An entrepreneurship policy creating a conducive climate be created to motivate young people change their attitudes and to form positive perceptions about entrepreneurship as a career.
INVESTMENT CLIMATE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
ADEYEMO, S.A, OGUNLEYE, P.O & AMUSAT, W.A.
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria
This study evaluated the problems and prospects of investment climate of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and also identified the impact of business climatic conditions and how they affect SMEs in Nigeria. The data collection was purely secondary data and was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation. The study also used Stochastic Frontier Analysis and Regression Analysis using STATA 11.0 to test the hypothesis. Findings from the study revealed that Nigeria’s investment climate (environment) faces challenges which have made effective business transaction very problematic. The paper concluded that investment climate is not conducive and this makes the cost of operating SMEs in Nigeria to be high. The study therefore recommended among other things urgent need for government to overhaul critical infrastructure like power and transportation sector, a vibrant industrial policies that will engender development on a sustainable basis; tackle headlong security challenges and curb corruption. The paper canvassed for visionary, purposeful and accountable leaders to direct the affairs of this nation.
SUB- SAHARAN AFRICA AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT – A PANACEA TO ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
ILORI DAVID BABAFEMI
Department of Management Sciences Wesley University of Science and Technology, Ondo State Nigeria
Sub Saharan African entrepreneurs are beehives of hope for the continent and they are aptly positioned to transform the continent’s economies. A cursory of the literature provides credence to this though, at a relative low rate. The paper looks at how SSA is working out the answers and solutions to economic development in the region through entrepreneurship. The study reveals that SSA is confronted with a number of development challenges which include increased poverty rate, economic laggardness resulting in a seeming marginalization by dynamic players in Asia, low life expectancy, import dependency, small size and relatively large informal enterprises. In a similar breathe, private sectors fail to thrive in most part of SSA due to growth constraints which include access to finance, poor electricity and corruption among others. The paper concludes that the above notwithstanding, SSA remains a bright spot for development, however, this is largely premised on how far the economies in the region are able to harness entrepreneurial drive as a consistent potent force for economic boost, moreso that the new development models are looking beyond aid to leveraging private sector creativity and innovation as a platform for change and economic transformation. The paper recommends that SSA governments should muster the political will to embrace policy recommendations highlighted in the paper and nurture the development of institutions that will act as catalyst to the realization of economic fortunes of African South of Sahara.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT: AN ANTIDOTE TO INSECURITY IN NIGERIA
OGUNLEYE, P.O, ALABI, EZEKIEL, & AFOLABI, M.A
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria
This paper examined the effect of entrepreneurship development on the level of insecurity in Nigeria. Self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data from one hundred and twenty five participants through purposive sampling method. Inferential statistics was used to analyze the data, specifically ordinary least squares linear regression method was used with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) in order to determine the effect of independent variable (entrepreneurship development) on dependent variable (insecurity). The result showed that entrepreneurship development has significant effect on the level of insecurity in Nigeria. The study also revealed that entrepreneurship development programmes as well as providing a model on how entrepreneurial opportunities could be effectively and efficiently utilized jointly predict better national security which accounted for 60% variance of insecurity reduction. It was therefore, recommended that citizens should be exposed and motivated to develop interest in the skill-based activities towards self employment which can encourage them to identify entrepreneurial opportunities in order to reduce the rate of criminal activities.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: A PANACEA TO INSECURITY IN NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA
Alabi, Ezekiel, Afolabi, M.A, & Adeyemo, S.A
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State Nigeria
This study evaluated the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes on insecurity of Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 130 respondents through simple random sampling method. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data collected with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) in order to examine the effect of independent variables, CSR dimensions on dependent variable (insecurity). Result revealed that CSR dimensions have significant effect on insecurity of Niger Delta area. The study also revealed that Youth Employment Scheme and Education Initiatives of CSR respectively have high beta score than other factor with insecurity. It was concluded that predictor variables namely (Youth Employment Scheme, Education Initiatives and Healthcare Services) is 68.6% variance of insecurity in Niger Delta area. This paper therefore, recommended that all business owners and governments should collaborate to enhance the level of CSR by investing more on infrastructure in the region, because if it is higher, insecurity and national productivity will improve accordingly.
DISTRIBUTION AND CONSUMER CHOICE ALTERNATIVES: IMPLICATION AND STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY.
*ACHAMA GODWIN IKECHUKWU, **OBIAH MMADUBUIKE EMMANUEL & ***ANUKAM ISAAC CHIMAOBI
*Dept. of Business Administration & Management, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria **Dept of Accountancy, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria***Dept of Marketing, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria
The obvious statement in the management cycle is that marketing is crucial to the survival and growth of any organization. Because it is only marketing that brings revenue into organization which is used to settle bills, acquire assets, carryout expansion, pay dividends and taxes and embark on community projects as part of its social responsibility. Yet, one of the effective marketing methods is distribution. This is with the assumption that production process is not complete unless the products get to the final users. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the bread distribution and consumer choice alternatives in Owerri with the intention of coming out with the effect of distribution on choice alternatives. As a result of this, the study identified some factors that affect consumer choice alternatives in the distribution chain. The descriptive analysis was used to validate the characteristics of the study. The result indicated that some factors such as: freshness, quality, price and variety determine consumer choice alternatives. The study also recommended that marketers should endeavour at all times to use or apply marketing theories like the characteristics of goods theory to solve their marketing problem in the distribution activities.
ROAD TRANSPORTATION NETWORK SCHEME IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY [FCT] ABUJA : – A CASE STUDY OF ABUJA URBAN MASS TRANSPORT SCHEME
*DR ENGR. GANA A.J**DR ENGR. OJEDIRAN J.O &***JANET ELEOJO ADUKU (MRS)
*Civil Engineering Department, College of Science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria **Department of Agricultural & Bio systems Engineering, College of Science and Engineering, Landmark University Omu-Aran, Kwara state, Nigeria.***St Andrews College, Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja – Nigeria
Transportation is of immense importance in the economy of a growing nation. Its availability contributes a great deal in alleviating the hardship of the people within the country. It is against this background that the Federal Government of Nigeria floated a mass transit programme known as Federal Urban Mass Transit programme, which brought about the formation of the Abuja Bus Services (ABS) in the metropolis of Abuja, which eventually gave birth to Abuja Urban Mass Transport Company [AUMTCO], a specialized agency under the supervision of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Until recently, it was saddled with the sole responsibility of providing safe, reliable and affordable transportation services to the residents of the Federal Capital Territory and its environs. It was established in 1984 as Abuja Bus Service (ABS) under the department of Engineering services (FCDA) and was later incorporated into a limited liability company in 1989. This study assess the progress being made under the Urban Mass Transport Network Scheme since inception. The study also proffered recommendation that would help to improve the scheme
EFFECT OF INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL COMPONENT ON THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA
Department of Accounting, Faculty of Arts And Social Sciences, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria
This study was carried out to examine the effect of intellectual capital component on the financial performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria using a purposive sampling technique to select a sample of eight banks from the total population of banks listed on the Nigerian stock exchange during the eight year period, 2006 – 2013. Data for the sampled banks were generated and analyzed using correlation and multi-linear regression technique. The result shows that intellectual capital component (HCE, SCE & CEE) have positive and significant effect on the financial performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The outcome of these finding, indicates consistency with prior empirical studies. It is therefore recommended that managers should put more emphasis in managing intellectual capital component efficiently and try as much to measure and report intellectual capital in their annual report.
EDUCATING HEARTS AND MIND OF THE CITIZENS: A NIGERIAN CERTIFICATE FOUND WORTHY IN LEARNING AND CHARACTER
UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, ABDULHAMID MU’AZU TADAMA2, KAIGAMA NANA AISHA3, AND BARRISTER ASMA’U ABUBAKAR ESQ4
1Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 2Federal Inland Revenue Service, Abuja Nigeria 3Department of Business Administration and Management Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 3Ministries of Trade and Investment, Abuja, Nigeria
Citizenship Education is a General Studies course introduced into Nigerian educational systems from the elementary schools up to the higher educational institutions, for laudable reasons; specifically to inculcate in the students the knowledge of rights, obligations, societal values, constitution, leadership roles and patriotism. However, the massive failure of students in this course becomes worrisome considering the huge benefits of this course to students. The purpose of this paper is to expose, reiterate, and re-awake in the heart and minds of students and teachers/lecturers alike the indispensable nature of citizenship education. (Umar & Mahmud, 2015A; Umar & Mahmud, 2015B). The paper examines the place of character education in Nigerian citizenship education, its comes as civic education in the elementary schools, as social studies in the junior secondary schools , as governments in the senior secondary schools and as numerous courses refers to the general studies (GST) in the higher institutions. Its objective is to highlight its values to the Nigerian society; its place in Nigeria education system and its contribution in the development of the individual and the society at large Further it makes suggestions on how schools in Nigeria could provide the teaching and learning programme of character education. The paper recommends quality assurance through character education on the teacher/lecturer training through which Nigerian teachers/lecturers would learn and acquire good morals and ethical standard necessary to influence the lives of the learners in our schools and the society. The paper gives impetus to the entrenchment of ethical and moral values badly needed in in the present Nigerian society.
FUEL CONTAMINATED LAND MASS AND GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS: A POTENTIAL THREAT TO HUMAN HEALTH
UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, NUHU I. MUSA2 AND ENGR ABUBAKAR S. USMAN3
1Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 2 Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Technology Michika, 3 Departments of Works and Services, Federal Polytechnic Mubi,
Soils are exceedingly complex. They contain a rich array of minerals and organic compounds, chemical reactions, physical states, and biological diversity and are responsible for countless ecological functions that belie their common appearance and colloquial namesake (dirt). Most importantly, soils sustain life by providing plants with essential nutrients, water, and physical support. They also play a major role in providing a clean water supply, degrading toxic compounds, supplying novel antibiotics for human health, and circulating greenhouse gases. Thus, properly functioning soils are a prerequisite of terrestrial ecosystems and society alike, as discovered by several ancient civilizations. Fuel contaminants are one of non remediation pollutants. They are mostly found in the areas around petroleum refinery, fuel stations and other fuel associated sites or activities. These fuel contaminants alter the fertility of the soil. It can penetrate deeply and can contaminate the ground water also. So the pollution caused by the fuel contaminant is a big issue. Moreover they cannot be degraded very easily. The fuel contaminated soil so far can be treated mechanically, chemically or by the use of genetically modified micro-organisms, which have to be performed periodically. The process is also a costlier one. Our idea is to implement a permanent and a cost effective method for the removal of these fuel contaminants from soil and water systems. This can be done effectively with the help of the plant Chrysopogon zizanioides in the fuel contaminated area. This plant belongs to the grass family and has some unique features. It has the ability to undergo the phytoremediation process. Thus they can be subjected for the efficient removal of the fuel contaminant from the soil. It has the ability to prevent ground water contamination too. We can suggest it as a permanent remedy for making the soil fuel free.
BIOFUELS PRODUCTION FROM CO-DIGESTION OF CATTLE DUNG AND BREWERY WASTE EFFLUENT IN BATCH BIOREACTERS: AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR NIGERIA
UMAR MUAZU TADAMA1, ABDULRAHMAN ATIKU2 AND ISYAKU UMAR3
1 Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi. 2 Department of Applied Science, Kaduna Polytechnic. 3 Department of Applied Science, CST, Kaduna Polytechnic.
Nigeria has been facing the fuel energy problems in all parts of the country, especially in rural areas. In order to reduce dependence on generator sets and the so called power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN) energy, steps have to be taken to develop an alternative source, such as biofuel. The main constraints for installing a bioreacter, however, are the initial investment cost, the limited research and the poor policy implementation in the country. In this paper, the application of an anaerobic process for biofuel production from cattle solid waste and brewery waste effluent are explained. The biofuel production potential of animal waste at different retention time was investigated and the anaerobic digestion parameters associated with the production as well as the pH of the slurry before and after the biogas production was determined with a view to solving industrial as well as animal waste disposal problems and to create riches from rubbish. Batch anaerobic digestion of cow dung was studied in a 10L bioreactor between 30oC to 48oC and no controlled of PH. Brewery waste effluent at ratio of 1 to 4 was used as co-substrate. The biogas produced is 207 L/kg volatile solids (VS) at hydraulic retention time of 17 days with ultimate methane yield of 184 L/kg VS. The biogas production dipped slightly on day 10 due to the availability of nutrient that has decreased tremendously. Methane content obtained is between 58-83% throughout the culture.
A HISTORICAL APPROACH TO AFRICAN LEADERSHIP: THE CHALLENGES IN STORE FOR A NEW GENERATION LEADERS
UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, ABDULHAMID MU’AZU TADAMA2 AND KAIGAMA NANA AISHA3
1 Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 2 Federal Inland Revenue Service, Abuja, Nigeria 3 Departments of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Mubi
This historical context is indispensable in understanding the challenges in store for a new generation of African leaders. The failure of the first leaders could explain the poor position of African countries in world economic rankings. They were all unable to promote quality human resources, a key factor in the success of prosperous countries. They were also unable to adopt policies of freedom which allow for intelligent use of resources, the creation and stimulation of the intangible values and standards characteristic of open societies. (Umar, 2014; Umar & Sadiq, 2015A; Umar & Sadiq, 2015B) A new generation of leaders has to be considered, who are capable of facing up to a number of challenges such as fragmentation of the geographical region, historical conscience and inherited knowledge, relaying the foundations of the post-colonial and military State, promotion of democracy and human rights and the implementation of new conditions for political peace and freedom, the gauge of sustainable development. The ways in which these various challenges are tackled are crucial.
MICROBIAL BIOTREATMENT OF SPENT PETROLEUM FUELS CONTAMINATED SOIL: THE CASE OF ROADSIDE AUTO-MECHANICS WORKSHOPS-NIGERIA
UMAR MUAZU TADAMA1, BALA G. MONTANG2, AND ABDULRAHMAN ATIKU3
1 Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi. 2 Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi. 3Department of Applied Science, Kaduna Polytechnic.
Environmental pollution resulting from hydrocarbon and their products is a wide spread phenomenon globally whether it comes from petroleum, pesticides, herbicides or other organic matter. A mixture of several different chemicals is common and toxic environmental contaminants because they are toxic to all forms of life. (Umar et al., 2015A; Umar et al., 2015B). The efficient biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon often involves the manipulation of the environmental parameters to allow microbial growth and degradation to proceed at a faster rate, which include the availability of sufficient amount of oxygen or other electron acceptors, essential nutrients, the penetration depth of the hydrocarbon pollutants into the soil, and the nature of the soil as well as the selection and propagation of oil eating microbes. (Umar et al., 2015B; Umar et al., 2015A). The problem of soil and vegetation pollution due to toxic metals in spent oil is beginning to cause concern now in most major metropolitan cities (Umar et al., 2015B; Vwioko et al., 2006). These toxic heavy metals entering the ecosystem may lead to geoaccumulaton, bioaccumulation and biomagnifications (Wong et al., 2002). Soil pollution by spent lubricating oil has been reported to cause growth retardation/reduction in plants and this has been attributed to the presence of heavy metals at toxic concentrations in the soil (Umar et al., 2015C; Umar et al., 2015D; Anoliefo and Vwioko, 1995). A crude oil degrading fungi were isolated from a contaminated area from the northern region of Nigerian road side auto-mechanics the largest such sites is found at (pantaika) Kaduna and Jos respectively and tentatively identified as Aspergillus nidulans, Rhizupus arrihizu and Trichoderma reseume. This research was done using different concentrations of crude oil in mineral liquid media. The results showed that these fungi are able to grow in all crude oil concentrations. The characteristics of this study suggest that the tested fungi are suitable for biotreatment of crude oil contaminated soil.
EQUITABLE GENDER PARTICIPATION: A WAY OF ENHANCING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERVENTION IN COCOA SUB-SECTOR.
ADEGBITE, BASHIRU ADENIYI
Department of Agricultural Education, Osun State College of Education Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria
Cocoa has continued to play a dominant role in the provision of food, raw materials for industries, employs many farm families and foreign earnings, which used for several public capital developmental projects. Currently not less than 25 million Nigerians are either partially or wholly engaged in cocoa beans production across the 14 States of cocoa belt. In cocoa belt of Nigeria, growth in the cocoa sector has been achieved by increasing the land cultivated and many new entrants have joined the sector with a clear distinction of gender roles. The gendered control of household and community resources have been a strong factor that hindered the success of cocoa sustainability. The basis for gender participation lies in the labour that they perform and their ability to access available resources. Nigeria earned a total sum of $2.4bn from the exportation of cocoa, rubber and other non-oil commodities with cocoa products worth $666.5million, accounted for the highest non-oil export earnings in 2014. The study will ascertain socio-economic characteristics of gender involvement in production activities and determine their levels of involvement. About 120 respondents were selected using multi-stage sampling technique to elicit relevant data. Data were analyzed to test the significant relationship and strength of association of gender involvement. It was observed that 39.2% were in the age range of 41 and 60 years while 35.0% were older than 60 years. About 63.0% were married which assisted family labour supplies. Though over 50.0% of farmers did not attend any formal schooling system but they were noticed to be highly intelligent and experience. The findings also revealed that, women were much more involved in on-farm and processing operations than men and children. However, children were not abused in carry out on-farm operations but over 70.0% of children were actively involved in pod braking and drying activities. The X2 Cal (10.8) > X2Tab (3.8) at 0.05 level of significant shows a significant relationship in the level of gender involvement.
Keywords: gender mainstream,intervention,socio-economic,sustainability, sustenance.
FIRE SAFETY AUDIT OF TERTIARY EDUCATION INSTITUTION LABORATORY
ESAN, OLUSEGUN AKINTOMIDE, ADERIBIGBE YINKA, WASIU & DANIEL, GBENGA IDACHABA
Building Technology Department, The Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria
This paper reports a study on fire safety audit of a tertiary education institution laboratory, the assessment was conducted on the areas of safety precaution practice, fire detection and prevention devices installed in tertiary institution laboratories and training staff to handle fire outbreak. The deficiency in the present fire safety attitude / practice, fire detection and prevention devices installed in tertiary institution laboratories and training of staff to handle fire outbreak were identified, and remedial measures were recommended in the areas of improvements on the provision of adequate fire detection and prevention installations, complete compliance with fire safety practice standards by all users of the laboratory, constant periodic training and enlightenment campaign should be made compulsory for every laboratory user so as to minimize the risks which fire possesses.
TOWARDS A BETTER ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
*IBRAHIM BABA GARBA & **ZUBAIRU JIJIWA
*Department of Accountancy, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola**Department of Banking & Finance, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
This paper shows an overview of what are regarded as the most suitable change management models for an efficient improvement of organizations; these organizations are confronted with difficulties as a result of unfriendly economic situations and requirement for suitable management capabilities. As per a few studies published in the previous decades by experts in the field of organisational change management, the vast majority of the change undertakings come up short (approx. 70%); the main responsible factor is represented by resistance to change coming from people involved in the process, employees and managers. In view of the above, the paper presents three of the most widely known and used theoretical models for change management: Kotter (1995), Ackerman and Anderson (2010) and Prosci-ADKAR (2006), aiming to provide professionals a starting point for the effective management of organizational change projects. These models approach change management in different ways, but all agree that managing the human side of change is the key to success. It was also discovered that implementation of change often results in periods of organizational tension because it involves moving from the known to the unknown and therefore risky, stressful and complex. The paper then suggests various measures to be taken by organisation wishing to embark on any change. Some of the recommendations include taking cognizance of their environment via scanning as this is the only way by which pressure on it can be reduced during change; training of workers on change programmes among others.
Keywords: change management, change management model, change programme, technological development, resistance to change