UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (No. 2)


THEME

PAVING WAY FOR AFRICAN UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY

 

DATE:

SEPTEMBER 30, 2015

 

VENUE:

UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, CONFERENCE CENTRE, U.I. IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA.

PROCEEDINGS:

 

THE ROLE OF ARTS AND CRAFTS TOWARDS TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA(A STUDY OF IMO AND PLATEAU STATES)

ONONUJU VALENTINE IKENNA

Department Of Hospitality Management, Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the role of arts and crafts toward tourism development and to ascertain if adequate encouragement of Nigerians arts and crafts sector helps to improve their performance.

Sample size for the study was determined using Taro Yamane’s formula, and seventy questionnaires was used to gather data. The method of data presentation is frequency distribution (simple percentage) and table format while chi-square was used to test the stated hypotheses. It also revealed that arts and crafts has significant effect on Nigerian economy, culture and tourism. It revealed that arts and craft has significant effect in attracting tourists from different parts of the country. Also Arts and Craft serves as a means of livelihood. The researcher therefore recommends that Nigerians tourism industry should encourage the usage of arts and crafts as a means of attraction and marketing. The Nigerian government should encourage and develop the creative energy of their citizens.

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LEADERSHIP TRANSFORMATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE:  ARCHITECT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA

VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO.

Department of Philosophy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The problems of development require moral assessment or ethical reflection. Development has a definitional difficulty; it constitutes a multifaceted form and it aims at human improvement and economic efficiency. Development seeks to address global economic equality, hunger, human deprivation through a more viable alternative of policy components. Development requires economic growth, human well-being, scientific, technological and the existing possibility of the framework of political superstructure. This paper shall analyze the economic implications, policy components of development on the   human well being. This paper appreciates and appropriates the many-sided process of development which is aim at better human living condition. Development has been misconstrued to be an economic term. This paper tends to critically examine and clarify development as an economic, scientific, social, cultural, technological and a political term. The integral process of development indicates that human beings are determined to take their destinies in their own hands. Development is both personal and comprehensive. Good governance and development or sustainable development is inextricably linked. Without   good democratic governance there would be no good dynamics of leadership structure. Development is borne out of the need for resolving the problems of human well being.

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COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (CSDP) AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA: THE PARTICIPATORY COMMUNICATION APPROACH

JOSEPH M. LUCAS & TARGEMA TORDUE SIMON

Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria

Abstract

This study explores how participatory communication can be used as a facilitator of poverty alleviation. It seeks to examine how participation, involvement and interest of beneficiaries in poverty alleviation projects will facilitate the process. This has become necessary given the level of poverty in Nigeria despite efforts by both the government and non-governmental agencies to contain the scourge.  Development communication has been chosen as the theoretical framework, criticizing the extant paradigm of modernization, and arguing for the alternative paradigm of participation and self-reliance. Descriptive and evaluative design approaches have been adopted to elicit data from members of the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) host communities in Jalingo Local Government Area, while documented assessment of CSDP micro projects in Taraba State from 2009-2012, questionnaire and interview serve as the major sources of data. The research discovers that community members were involved and actively participated in the activities of the CSDP micro projects in their communities. Results also indicate that the projects have impacted positively in the lives of beneficiaries. Thus the research concludes that participatory communication is key to poverty alleviation, hence recommending the approach to policy makers and development planners for maximum results.

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MORAL DECADENCE OF PARTY FAITHFULS: NIGERIAN POLITICAL EXPERIENCE 

OSABUOHIEN OMORODION GODMUST

Faculty of General Studies, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Nigeria is a country made up of different ethnic groups with valuable cultural heritage which have shaping the life of her citizens. Despite the diverse multi facet cultural heritage, politics and party system in Nigeria have also played an immeasurable role in enlightening and shaping the life of an average Nigerian.  With the competitive nature of multi-party system in Nigeria, some political parties have engaged in the use of fetish, immoral and debased acts in order to accomplish their political ambition. They have also employed cunning strategies to woo supporters for their party before any national election. Moreover, party faithfuls employ lies and false promises during campaign for political position knowing full well that they cannot keep to all their promises.  In addition, on March 28, 2015 after the ruling party lost the presidential election in Nigeria, most dedicated and reliable party members in the ruling People Democratic Party (PDP) defected to the party that won the presidential election few days after the election result was announced by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). These are worrisome occurrence in the Nigerian political arena and it calls for self examination by party supporters because ‘the unexamined life is not worth living’. This work attempts a critical analysis of the moral decadence of party faithfuls in Nigeria politics.

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POST-OCCUPANCY EVALUATION STUDY OF MANGAL PLAZA IN KADUNA METROPOLIS

ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU, GRACE  SAMUEL AMBA, HARUNA ADAMU AND IBRAHIM MUSA SINGHRY

Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Abstract

The study examined the post-occupancy evaluation of Mangal  plaza in Kaduna metropolis. It equally ascertains the performance of the property with a  view to enhancing user’s satisfaction of the building.  Quantitative sampling technique was used because the study area is  relatively large. One hundred and seventy eight (178) questionnaires were administered to the respondents and one hundred and sixty nine (169) were retrieved. It was found that the degree of satisfaction obtained identified twenty two (22) performance criteria on the physical building, its design and construction. It is therefore recommended that the shopping mall management should give their  time in attending to complaints of tenants given in built environment and facilities management.

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INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY: ITS RELEVANCE ON ADULT EDUCATION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN IMO STATE.

*REV. CANON CHRIS N. ** PROF. G.A. IKE

*Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria**Department of Educational Technology, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria .

Abstract

The relevance and use of ICT in every aspect of life cannot be over emphasized. It becomes necessary that everyone should have knowledge of ICT. As a relatively new development in Nigerian educational system it is seen as a tool for raising educational performance. The study therefore aimed at investigating the relevance of ICT on adult education in Imo State. The purposes are to ascertain the relevance of ICT in education of the back-to-school learners and whether the adults have knowledge of ICT services. To guide the study, two research questions and hypotheses each were addressed. Descriptive and inferential designs were employed aimed at collecting data from a sample of 500 adult education students from 4 tertiary institutions in Imo State. A 20-item questionnaire of likert-type was designed by the researchers named AEICTS, validated by experts in Measurement and Evaluation and in Information Technology. The responses collected were analyzed using frequency distribution table, mean rating and z-test statistic. The findings revealed that ICT is significantly relevant in adult education but the students generally do not have knowledge of ICT services. From the findings and their implications on adult education, recommendations were made for further studies.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM COW DUNG AND POULTRY DROPPINGS

*AHMED YUSUF ABDULLAHI*AMINU MUSA BRINGA**YAHAYA SAIDU GWARZO

*Department Of Basic Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State- Nigeria **Department Of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State- Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Biogas is a gas produced from plant and animal wastes. It involves anaerobic digestion, a microbial process that occurs in the absence of oxygen. The amount of solid wastes generated in developing countries such as Nigeria has steadily increased over the last two decades as a result of population explosion and continuous growth of industries and agricultural practices. In agriculture, particularly cattle rearing, large quantities of cow wastes’ are generated, which could be used as biogas inputs to compliment fuel usage alternative. Poultry farming is the largest and fastest growing subsidiary within the agricultural sector in Nigeria, consequently, generating large volumes of waste which could be used to get more renewable energy. In this work, a comparative study of biogas production from cattle dung and poultry droppings was conducted. Biogas production was measured for a period of 40 days and an average temperature of 30.50C. The average biogas production from poultry droppings and cow dung was 0.0318dm3/day and 0.0230dm3/day respectively. It is concluded that the poultry droppings and cow dung can be managed through conversion into biogas, which is safe, cheap, and reliable source of energy with endless uses.

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AN EVALUATION OF THE ACTIVITIES OF MICROFINANCE BANKS IN FUNDING SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

OGUNLEYE, P.O1, AMUSAT, W.A.2, & ADEYEMO, S.A3

Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria

Abstract

This study evaluated the activities of Microfinance Banks (MFBs) in funding Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Stratified random technique was used to select a sample of fifty-five (55) respondents from eleven (11) among the population of thirty-one (31) registered MFBs in Osun State, Nigeria. Purposive random sampling technique was adopted in selecting one hundred and twenty (120) SMEs who are clients of MFBs particularly those that have benefited at one time or another from the funding activities rendered by the banks. The main source of data collection for the study was primary, using structured questionnaire. Data analysis techniques adopted include descriptive statistics, such as frequencies, percentages and weighted mean score, employed in determining availability of funding needs while the hypotheses for the study were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis. The result indicated that the effectiveness of MFBs in their various operations with SMEs (r = 0.567; p = 0.000) was positively correlated with the impact of funding products of MFBs. Based on the result of the findings, the study concluded that SMEs are aware of MFBs funding products with the banks being major predictors of SMEs operation and performance. The study recommended that MFBs must design funding products to attract sufficiently large numbers of productive entrepreneurs and to provide incentives for SMEs to develop capacity for employment generation.

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INTERACTION OF AGE, HEALTH LOCUS OF CONTROL, SOCIAL SUPPORT AND PERCEIVED QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS

OLAPEGBA P.O (PhD.) & OSAMIKA BAMIDELE EMMANUEL

Department of Psychology,  Faculty of The Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

The concept of quality of life seems to be an indispensable one; particularly in the domain of health care and social services. Hence, the study examined a correlation among age, health locus of control, social support and the perceived quality of life of hypertensive patients.  A purposive sample of two hundred (91 males and 109 females) hypertensive patients participated in the study. The age of this sample ranged between 25 and 75 years, means =46.35, SD =12.37. The sample was drawn from the outpatient cardiovascular ward of General Hospital Iwaro- Oka, Ondo –State, Nigeria. Three standardized psychological scales were used to collect data on health locus of control, social support and perceived quality of life of the sample. The data collected was analysed using correlation analysis.  The result indicated that there was a positive correlation between age perceived quality of life of hypertensive patients (r{1,200}=.360; p<.01). In addition, social support and the perceived quality of life had positive correlation (r{1,200}=.114;p<.05). Moreover, there was no correlation between health locus of control and the perceived quality of life (r{1,200}=.017; p>.05).  From the research results, responsible organizations and agencies should establish activities to promote social support for hypertensive patient to enhance their quality of life. Increasing public awareness to better understand basic needs for social support and providing education on nutrition and the age range related problems to the community were deemed important.

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SPECIFICATIONS  APPLICATIONS IN MODERN CIVIL ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION WORKS: THE NIGERIAN CONTEXT

ENGR. GANA A.J

Civil Engineering Department, College of science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Civil Engineering Construction Works are not always executed any how. There are standard that follow any Construction works that is to be executed under laid down conditions. This is where specification plays an important role in construction works. Specifications clearly describe the nature, class of works, materials and its quality and quantity, workmanship, costs of the protects that is to be executed. This paper examines specifications application and types in modern Civil Engineering Construction Works within the Nigerian Context.

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ASSESSMENT OF LEVEL OF DISCLOSURE OF NON-MANDATORY INFORMATION IN THE FINANCIAL REPORTS OF DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA

ADAMU DANLAMI AHMED & IBRAHIM ALI.

Department of Accounting, Gombe state University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

 ABSTRACT

This work is aimed at assessing the level of disclosure of non-mandatory information in the financial reports of deposit money Banks in Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of the entire 15 Deposit Money Banks listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at December, 2013, it covered the period of 5 years from 2009 to 2013. The study employed ex-post factor research design; secondary data were collected from a sample of eleven (11) Deposits money banks annual reports. Descriptive statistics and Content analysis method were employed, with the use of scoring and grading method. The study found that Nigerian Deposit money banks (DMBs) disclose voluntary information in their annual report in a semi strong form. It is recommended that major steps should be taken by the Federal reporting council of Nigeria (FRCN) and other regulatory bodies to educate as well as to encourage Deposit money banks in Nigeria in the  disclosing of non-mandatory information, which help stakeholder to make better decision.

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