INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES
VOL. 6 NO.4 (IJHSS) SEPTEMBER, 2018
Mediterranean Scholar Publications and Research International,
Chembian Heritage Suite, No 18 Justice Sowemimo Str.,
Off T.Y Danjuma Str., Asokoro, P.O. Box 16868, Wuse3,
PLEASE CONTACT US FOR THE FULL MANUSCRIPTS.
AFRICAN LIBERATION THEOLOGY AND WOMEN’S EXPERIENCE OF VIOLENCE AND DISCRIMINATION
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State.
This work raised questions as regards what Christianity is calling men and women to become: to become a new people in Christ, who are reformed by grace. This is because the destiny of man is his divination, and the incarnation is the divine proposal of humanity’s divinization, which is part of the historic-concrete order of creation. The researcher, thus, employed the method of liberation theology to study the experiences of women in Africa. The highlighting of major points in liberation theology is to help the human person to reflect on the dignity of its humanity. The hermeneutic method of inquiry was employed for the purpose of this study.
KEYWORDS: Africa, Liberation, Theology, Women, Violence, Discrimination.
THE ROLE OF SPEECH ORGANS IN FRENCH PHONETICS
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Benue State University, Makurdi.
The term ‘speech’is used to denote the sounds that a human being makes in order to communicate with other people. When we refer to speech we are actually referringto the sounds that we make with our vocal tract. The various organs which are involved in the production of speech sounds are called speech organs.Speech organs have an important role in French phonetics because its helps to determine the role of each organ in the production of speech sounds. This paper will examine various speech organs as regards French phonetics. It will be of immense benefit not only to beginners of French but all those who are in the study of French language in the West African Sub region.
KEYWORDS: Phonetics, Role, French, Organs, Speech.
INCREMENTALISM IN HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF BAYELSA STATE CIVIL SERVICE
TAMBOU, JOSEPH TAMBARA
Department of Public Administration, University of Africa, Toru-Orua, Bayelsa State.
This study examines the suitability or otherwise of the incremental model in human resource development in the Bayelsa State Civil Service. The study investigated among others; the extent application of the incremental model impacts on human resource development in the civil service, evaluated the effects incremental model on staff training and productivity of the civil service and the consequences of incremental model on personnel development on public service delivery in Bayelsa State. The incremental model which operates from the premise that the decision maker is not really interested in completely new solutions that are radically different from previous decisions instead his interest lies in improvements on previous decisions is considered the best model to be utilised in human resource development particularly in bureaucratic organisations like the civil service and this model was also adopted as the theoretical standpoint of the study. The findings of the research revealed that, the non-application of the incremental model in personnel administration is accountable for civil servants’ non exposure to regular training workshops and refresher courses required to cope with job challenges and organizational changes in Bayelsa State. Hence, they are denied the opportunity of acquiring the relevant skills and knowledge needed to perform tasks effectively and these have direct effect on the productivity of the service. It was recommended among others that; government should adopt the incremental model in managing its human resources by exposing its employees to regular training and development programmes in order to enhance and sustain their motivation and morale for high productivity and effective service delivery in Bayelsa State.
KEYWORDS: Case, Human, Incrementalism, Civil Service, Resource.
USE OF CHILD SOLDIERS IN WARS IN AFRICA: THE MEDIA’S POST CONFLICT INTERVENTION
*NWOSU, JULIUS CHIBUIKE, *MOZIE, CHISOM EJIOFOR, *IFEOBU, ADAKU CHINWE **KWASE, AUDU DOGARI *UZOAGBA, OGOCHUKWU NNEKA
*Mass Communication Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5025, Awka **Mass Communication Department, Taraba State University, PMB 1167, Jalingo.
This paper examined the post-conflict role of the media in addressing the problem of use of child soldiers in wars in Africa. The discussion was situated within the framework of the agenda setting and social responsibility theories. The paper argued that the media in Africa have a vital role to play in addressing this problem within the context of post-conflict reportage. It was noted that the media may discharge this role through advocating for punishment of masterminds of child soldering, advocating for rehabilitation of former child soldiers, publicising the activities of intervention agencies and exposing of factors that contributed to child soldering in a given conflict. It was concluded that by playing these roles, the media would be deploying their agenda setting powers towards serving the society’s needs – a demand made of them under the social responsibility doctrine. The paper recommended that media houses in Africa should, in their coverage of conflicts, give priority to the issue of use of children as soldiers with the view to exposing the ills of this practice and advocating measures towards addressing them even as they should also ensure that this role is not limited to the period of the conflict itself but is extended to the post-conflict period.
KEYWORDS: Child soldiers, post-conflict, media, role, intervention
TALFIQ AS A NEW REINTERPRETATION PROCESS: THE EXPLANATORY INQUIRY FROM ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE.
BARR. ADAM IDRIS, BARR. MAHMUD MUSA, BARR. YUSUF MAHMUD YAKUBU, BARR. NASIRUDDEEN YAKUBU KOFA
School of Legal Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
Talfiq Means patching together that is a term used for the combination of the views of two or more schools or jurists in a single whole. The Ulama have three divergent views as regard to the legality and application of talfiq. There are those who condemn talfiq in its totality, and other legalizing its application and also those who legalize it subject to some conditions; the first group condemn vehemently the application of talfiq or any reform based on talfiq, the second group agreed with the application of talfiq based on the hadith narrated by Ashatu (RA) and the third group agreed with the application of talfiq subject to certain conditions. According to Ibn Dakiki al Eid and Imam Haramaini, before talfiq is said to be applicable to (a) satisfied the mind of a reformer, (b) he should not be intended to avoid his legal duty and obligations, (3) he must not have acted upon any opinion of the jurists on the subjects matter, otherwise, will be bound by the one he acted upon. The doctrine of talfiq is still applicable in Nigerian courts, though, it is restricted only to the available divergent views. It is my humble conclusions that talfiq is legally allowed but subject to certain conditions as laid down the muslim jurists.
KEYWORDS: Process, Talfiq, Inquiry, Reinterpretation, Explanatory.
THE ROLE OF PERMANENT MISSIONS ON DIPLOMACY; THE THOROUGH PERCEPTION OF LAW
MAHMUD MUSA & MOHAMMED UMAR
School Of Legal Studies, A.D Rufai’i College for Legal, And Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State.
This paper examined the Role of permanent missions on Diplomacy, which is well provided under Article 3 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, so also the paper discussed the concept of such missions and their functions. This paper traced the origin, development and historical background of permanent mission in the eyes of the law, scope of facilities privileges and immunities of the mission. The root of the modern diplomacy, the concept of such mission and their functions, the role of permanent mission, role of diplomat from small state. In an attempt to expand the scope of this paper the authors employed the doctrinal research method, the study employed contribution from various sources ranging from the primary source i.e. the statutes and judicial decisions. The secondary sources was also given a consideration such sources includes books, journals, articles and unpublished thesis and other relevant information sourced from the internet and other related sources. The main function of this research paper is to point out to the reader the main function of the permanent mission, their representational character to the sending State and that of mandating a friendly relations between the sending State and the receiving State, because increased modern developments in areas of mutual cooperation have made an addition to this function necessary. Therefore following our explanation, we recommend that permanent missions’ staff and their immediate families must be given maximum security and support for them to render their services without hindrance. The use of permanent mission predates the era of globalization, they have taken a heightened relevance particularly in the light of increasing travel and the need to offer consular services. The need for more international travel and migration has to be broadened. Diplomats must be given free hand to do their job without necessary interference by the politicians and it is also our recommendation that smaller States must be assisted with scientific and technological equipment to enhance their exporting duty with other states so as to enhance the work of a diplomat.
KEYWORDS: Perception, Mission, Role, Diplomacy, Permanent.
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: THE CULTURE AND TOURISM ALTERNATIVE
ABDULRASHEED I. K1. & ASOJO CLARA2
1Exam and record unit, National Institute for Hospitality and tourism (NIHOTOUR), North East Zonal Campus Buachi 2Department of Hospitality Management, National Institute for Hospitality and tourism (NIHOTOUR), North East Zonal Campus Buachi.
Culture and cultural heritage is increasingly gaining prominence in major international events across the globe. And this has led to some UNESCO Member States expressing concerns about risks of cultural homogenization as a consequence of the acceleration of globalization and the perceived hegemony of particular cultural models. Thus, “The UNESCO 2001 Declaration which aims both to preserve cultural diversity as a living, and thus renewable treasure that must not be perceived as being unchanging heritage but as a process guaranteeing the survival of humanity: and to prevent segregation and fundamentalism which, in the name of cultural differences, would sanctify those differences and so counter the message of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” Nigeria, however, has not given culture-driven development any serious attention, and taking culture within the context of man’s activities on the environment, much care is needed to strike a balance between meeting the needs of this generation without necessarily jeopardizing the opportunities of the future generation which sustainable development entails. Thus, the paper highlights the imperative of integrating culture into efforts to promote sustainable development in Nigeria. And how cultural tourism can serve as alternative to economic diversification. Furthermore, it laments the neglect of culture on the part of government in terms of funding, policy mechanism and emphasize the fact that conscious effort geared towards the promotion of culture remains the focal point of sustainable development in Nigeria. The paper also highlights major challenges and roadblocks to cultural development in Nigeria and proffer suggestions aimed at improving the prevailing challenges. Historical descriptive approach was adopted as method of data collection in research on the paper. The research findings of the paper were collaborative of the fact that culture has direct bearing on sustainable development.
KEYWORDS: Culture, cultural heritage, Sustainable Development, Policy Mechanism, globalization
CHALLENGES OF DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATIONS AND DEMOCRATIC SPIRIT FOR NATIONAL TRANSFORMATION
Department Of Social Studies, College Of Education, Oju.
The relevance of development associations in any democratic setting cannot be over looked. This paper aimed at identifying development associations, explained the roles of development associations on rural transformation identify the challenges faced by these associations and make possible suggestions on how these challenges can be addressed, the paper revealed that despite the contributions of development associations to national growth, development associations are faced with the challenges of poor adherence to tenure, impatient, gender insensitivity, lack of accountability, poor meeting attendance, poor decision taking, poor political game plan and will (apathy), government interference (sovereignty), poor attitude to elections, leaning to political party dimension ( unhealthy for development associations), leadership crisis, ethnicity (clan),self centeredness/ disrespect for elders and the role of traditional leaders. In order to dress these problems, the paper suggests increased awareness at the community level on the formation of development associations, development associations should seek for ways of partnering with all the tiers of government for development projects in rural communities, Government should encourage development associations by supporting their developmental efforts or by subvention, there should be effective collaborative programs and strategies with an effective and efficient leadership structure, Strategizing to ensure sustainable development in Nigerian local communities, through empowerment of the people should be promoted, development associations in Nigeria should make efforts to fashion out ways to get rid of the increasing challenges posed by poverty, malaria, HIV and AIDs, oppression, political and socio-economic powerlessness among others.
KEYWORDS: Challenges, Development Associates, Democratic Spirit, National, Transformation.
SKILLS ACQUISITION FOR COMMUNITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF HEARING IMPAIRED PERSONS
ONIFADE, VICTORIA BOSEDE
Department of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This paper explores the potential benefits of skill acquisition to the hearing handicapped. It problematizes the tradition of professional begging by the physically challenged members of the Nigerian society. Using Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, the paper assesses the societal threats to the self-reliance of the physically challenged in general and the hearing impaired in particular. It also identifies some skills which could make the hearing impaired members of the public become self-reliant and transform them from beggars to givers and employers of labour and ultimately help them become positive contributors to the micro-economy of their local communities and the macro-economy of the nation at large. The paper recommends a general attitudinal shift on the part of all educational and economic stakeholders to the plight of the physically challenged and the hearing impaired in particular.
KEYWORDS: Community, Impaired, Development, Acquisition, Skill.
ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON BAUCHI MATROPOLIS RESIDENTS’ DESIRE TO RECREATION AND TOURISM ACTIVITIES
ALY AUDU FADA & TAIMAKO SIMON
Leisure and Tourism Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State
his research was design to assess the Effects of Boko Haram Insurgency on Bauchi Metropolis Residents’ Desire to Recreation and Tourism Activities. The main objective of this research work is to find out the attitude of residents of Bauchi metropolis toward recreation and tourism activities, what are the recreational and tourism activities in Bauchi Metropolis, what are the categories and types of recreational and tourism activities that resident participate in Bauchi metropolises, what are the challenges faces by resident in participation on recreation and tourism activities in Bauchi metropolises. Relevant literatures were used which guided the researcher. The instrument use in the collection of the data was the Questionnaires. Based on the Data Collected the findings reveled the following. Boko Haram insurgency has been a major national threat in Nigeria for the past years. The major concern of tourist across the globe is the insecurity situations in Nigeria. This has been having a significant effect on recreation and travel across the country because the lives and properties of tourists are very important and where there is little or no security, fear grips the tourists from patronizing such destination, the attitudes of residents towards recreation and tourism include feeling of shock when they go out for recreation and tourism, they feel a sense of insecure when they go out for recreation and tourism and have a feeling of anxiety and vulnerable to danger, the residents are faced with a lot of criticism when they go out for recreation base on religious perception, they experience hold-up due to security check point which slow their movement to the destination, and finally they do not have transport easily to convey them to their destination serves as a challenges, and recreational activities include: Football, Badminton and other sporting activities are found in Bauchi Metropolis. The research also recommends that the state of wellbeing of the people in the society is also important. The government should try and create policies to favor the living standard of citizens so as to be motivated in taking part in recreation travel. This will help to create an enabling environment for recreation traveling to take place. It is then that the positive impact of tourism can be felt in the country which includes the environmental benefits, economic benefits, and social benefits.
KEYWORDS: Recreation, Tourism, Resident, metropolis, Boko Haram, Insurgency
CONFLICT AND CRISES MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: IMPLICATION FOR STABILITY OF ACADEMIC CALENDAR
- EMHENYA ANTHONY IYOHA AND UMORU YAKUBU
*Department Of Public Administration, Samuel Adegboyega University, Ogwa, Edo State **Department Of Public Administration, Auchi Polytecnic Auchi
Conflict is inevitable in every human societies, it common in both public and private organizations. Conflict occur among members of an organization in respective of the types and kinds, big or small, education or not education managers as coordinators must strive to reconcile differences of ideals. Administration therefore occurs in every organization goals of the educational institutions. The paper looks at the concept of conflict, its types, causes, functional aspect and handling styles of conflicts and its consequences on the school administration and policies. It however, recommended the way out of minimizing crises through adequate administration since it is inevitable in any human organization.
KEYWORDS: Conflict, Crisis, Calendar Management, University.